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Isoflavones

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637300/commercial-rodent-diets-differentially-regulate-autoimmune-glomerulonephritis-epigenetics-and-microbiota-in-mrl-lpr-mice
#1
Michael R Edwards, Rujuan Dai, Bettina Heid, Thomas E Cecere, Deena Khan, Qinghui Mu, Catharine Cowan, Xin M Luo, S Ansar Ahmed
The course and severity of lupus in spontaneous murine lupus models varies among laboratories, which may be due to variations in diet, housing and/or local environmental conditions. In this study, we investigated the influence of common rodent diets while keeping other factors constant. Female lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice were subjected to the same housing conditions and given one of the three diets: Teklad 7013 containing isoflavone rich soy and alfalfa, Harlan 2018 isoflavone rich soy-based diet, or ResearchDiets Inc...
June 15, 2017: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637253/synthesis-and-secretion-of-isoflavones-by-field-grown-soybean
#2
Akifumi Sugiyama, Yumi Yamazaki, Shoichiro Hamamoto, Hisabumi Takase, Kazufumi Yazaki
Isoflavones play important roles in rhizosphere plant-microbe interactions. Daidzein and genistein secreted by soybean roots induce the symbiotic interaction with rhizobia and may modulate rhizosphere interactions with microbes. Yet despite their important roles, little is known about the biosynthesis, secretion and fate of isoflavones in field-grown soybeans. Here, we analysed isoflavone contents and the expression of isoflavone biosynthesis genes in field-grown soybeans. In roots, isoflavone contents and composition did not change with crop growth, but the expressions of UGT4, an isoflavone-specific 7-O-glucosyltransferase, and of ICHG (Isoflavone conjugates hydrolysing beta-glucosidase) was decreased during the reproductive stages...
June 16, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634083/effects-of-the-soya-isoflavone-genistein-in-early-life-stages-of-the-senegalese-sole-solea-senegalensis-thyroid-estrogenic-and-metabolic-biomarkers
#3
Carmen Sarasquete, Maria Úbeda-Manzanaro, Juan Bosco Ortiz-Delgado
This study examines the effects induced by environmentally relevant concentrations of the isoflavone genistein (3 mg/L and 10 mg/L) during early life stages of the Senegalese sole. Throughout the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis, several neurohormonal regulatory thyroid signalling patterns (thyroglobulin/Tg, thyroid peroxidase/TPO, transthyretin/TTR, thyroid receptors/TRβ, and iodothrynonine deiodinases, Dio2 and Dio3) were analysed. Furthermore, the expression patterns of estrogen receptor ERβ and haemoprotein Cyp1a were also evaluated...
June 17, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633868/daidzein-stimulates-osteogenesis-facilitating-proliferation-differentiation-and-antiapoptosis-in-human-osteoblast-like-mg-63-cells-via-estrogen-receptor-dependent-mek-erk-and-pi3k-akt-activation
#4
Xin Jin, Jing Sun, Bo Yu, Yue Wang, Wei Jia Sun, Jing Yang, Su Hui Huang, Wen Li Xie
Daidzein, a natural soy isoflavone, has a structure similar to estradiol and exhibiting bone-sparing effects against osteoporosis. However, the molecular mechanisms of osteogenesis remain unclear. We hypothesized that daidzein stimulates osteogenesis through estrogen receptor (ER)-dependent signal pathways. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the effects of daidzein compared with 17β-estradiol on proliferation, differentiation, and cisplatin-induced apoptosis in human osteoblast-like MG-63 cells containing 2 ER isoforms...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633497/genome-wide-identification-and-functional-characterization-of-udp-glucosyltransferase-genes-involved-in-flavonoid-biosynthesis-in-glycine-max
#5
Qinggang Yin, Guoan Shen, Shaokang Di, Cunying Fan, Zhenzhan Chang, Yongzhen Pang
Flavonoids, natural products abundant in the model legume Glycine max, confer benefits to plants and animals health. Flavonoids are present in soybean mainly as glycoconjugates. However, the biosynthesis mechanisms of flavonoid glycosides are largely unknown in G. max. In the present study, 212 putative UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGTs) genes were identified in G. max by genome-wide searching. The GmUGT genes were distributed differentially among the twenty chromosomes, and they were expressed in various tissues with distinct expression profile...
June 19, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632187/complex-coacervation-of-soy-proteins-isoflavones-and-chitosan
#6
Yu-Hsuan Hsiao, Sheng-Yang Hsia, Yin-Ching Chan, Jung-Feng Hsieh
In this study, the chitosan-induced coacervation of soy protein-isoflavone complexes in soymilk was investigated. Most of the soymilk proteins, including β-conglycinin (7S), glycinin (11S), and isoflavones, were found to coacervate into the soymilk pellet fraction (SPF) following the addition of 0.5% chitosan. The total protein in the soymilk supernatant fraction (SSF) decreased from 18.1 ± 0.3 mg/mL to 1.6 ± 0.1 mg/mL, and the pH values decreased slightly, from 6.6 ± 0.0 to 6.0 ± 0.0. The results of SDS-PAGE revealed that the 7S α', 7S α, 7S β, 11S A3, and 11S acidic subunits, as well as the 11S basic proteins in the SSF, decreased to 0...
June 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629129/dietary-management-of-skin-health-the-role-of-genistein
#7
REVIEW
Natasha Irrera, Gabriele Pizzino, Rosario D'Anna, Mario Vaccaro, Vincenzo Arcoraci, Francesco Squadrito, Domenica Altavilla, Alessandra Bitto
In women, aging and declining estrogen levels are associated with several cutaneous changes, many of which can be reversed or improved by estrogen supplementation. Two estrogen receptors-α and β-have been cloned and found in various tissue types. Epidermal thinning, declining dermal collagen content, diminished skin moisture, decreased laxity, and impaired wound healing have been reported in postmenopausal women. Experimental and clinical studies in postmenopausal conditions indicate that estrogen deprivation is associated with dryness, atrophy, fine wrinkling, and poor wound healing...
June 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610434/isoflavones-and-gastrointestinal-infection-two-potential-triggers-for-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome
#8
Björn Machner, Tobias Boppel, Thomas Münte
Background Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is an important differential diagnosis of singular or recurrent thunderclap headache. Prognosis is generally good, however complications of the transient segmental vasospasms of cerebral arteries such as stroke, subarachnoidal hemorrhage and brain edema may worsen the clinical outcome. Although the exact pathomechanism is still unclear, various vasoactive substances and conditions (e.g. post partum) have been identified as triggering RCVS. Cases We report on the clinical course and management of two cases of typical RCVS that were associated with two different precipitants previously not described: A gastrointestinal infection and isoflavones, which are phytoestrogens used for menopausal vasomotor symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606822/genistein-a-dietary-soy-isoflavone-exerts-antidepressant-like-effects-in-mice-involvement-of-serotonergic-system
#9
Pei Hu, Li Ma, Yan-Gui Wang, Feng Ye, Chuang Wang, Wen-Hua Zhou, Xin Zhao
Genistein, a principal isoflavone property of soybeans, possesses multiple pharmacological activities such as neuroprotection. Recently, it was reported that genistein exerted antidepressant-like effects in animal models, but the mechanism of action remains ambiguous. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antidepressant-like effect of genistein in mice and explore the underlying mechanism(s), using two mouse models of depression, i.e. forced swim test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST). Chronic, but not acute (single dose), genistein treatment (5, 15 or 45 mg/kg, p...
June 9, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605125/isoflavones-and-their-metabolites-influence-the-milk-component-synthesis-ability-of-mammary-epithelial-cells-through-prolactin-stat5-signaling
#10
Yusaku Tsugami, Kota Matsunaga, Takahiro Suzuki, Takanori Nishimura, Ken Kobayashi
SCOPE: Isoflavones are a class of polyphonic compounds present in legumes and are called phytoestrogens because of their estrogen-like activity. Estrogen influences the behavior of mammary epithelial cells (MECs) during pregnancy and lactation. In this study, we investigated the direct influences of isoflavones and their metabolites in milk production ability of MECs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mouse MECs were cultured with prolactin and dexamethasone (glucocorticoid analog) to induce milk production ability...
June 12, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600997/genistein-alleviates-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-model-through-enhancing-serotonergic-transmission-in-the-amygdala
#11
Zhong-Min Wu, Gui-Lian Ni, Ai-Min Shao, Rong Cui
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic psychiatric disorder, characterized by intense fear, and increased arousal and avoidance of traumatic events. The current available treatments for PTSD have limited therapeutic value. Genistein, a natural isoflavone, modulates a variety of cell functions. In this study, we tested anti-anxiety activity and underlying mechanisms of genistein in a PTSD rat model. The rats were trained to associate a tone with foot shock delivery on day 0, then fear conditioning was performed on day 7, 14 and 21...
June 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599704/new-horizons-in-the-extraction-of-bioactive-compounds-using-deep-eutectic-solvents-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Mohamad Hamdi Zainal-Abidin, Maan Hayyan, Adeeb Hayyan, Natesan Subramanian Jayakumar
With the rapid development of ionic liquid analogues, termed 'deep eutectic solvents' (DESs), and their application in a wide range of chemical and biochemical processes in the past decade, the extraction of bioactive compounds has attracted significant interest. Recently, numerous studies have explored the extraction of bioactive compounds using DESs from diverse groups of natural sources, including animal and plant sources. This review summarizes the-state-of-the-art effort dedicated to the application of DESs in the extraction of bioactive compounds...
August 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595545/anticancer-polyphenols-from-cultured-plant-cells-production-and-new-bioengineering-strategies
#13
Victor Bulgakov, Yulia V Vereshchagina, Galina N Veremeichik
For many years, anticancer polyphenols have attracted significant attention as substances that prevent tumor growth and progression. These compounds are simple phenolic acids; complex phenolic acids, such as caffeoylquinic acids, rosmarinic acid and its derivatives; stilbenes (resveratrol and piceatannol); flavones; isoflavones (genistein and tectorigenin); and anthocyanins. Some compounds, such as tea and coffee polyphenols, can be produced in large quantities by traditional methods, while many others cannot...
June 8, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591133/combined-red-clover-isoflavones-and-probiotics-potently-reduce-menopausal-vasomotor-symptoms
#14
Max Norman Tandrup Lambert, Anne Cathrine Thorup, Esben Søvsø Szoscka Hansen, Per Bendix Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: Natural estrogen decline leads to vasomotor symptoms (VMS). Hormone therapy alleviates symptoms but increases cancer risk. Effective treatments against VMS with minimal cancer risks are needed. We investigate the effects of a highly bioavailable aglycone rich Red Clover isoflavone treatment to alleviate existing menopausal VMS, assessed for the first time by 24hour ambulatory skin conductance (SC). METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a parallel, double blind, randomised control trial of 62 peri-menopausal women aged 40-65, reporting ≥ 5 hot flushes/day and follicle stimulating hormone ≥35 IU/L...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590452/genistein-supplementation-and-cardiac-function-in-postmenopausal-women-with-metabolic-syndrome-results-from-a-pilot-strain-echo-study
#15
Cesare De Gregorio, Herbert Marini, Angela Alibrandi, Antonino Di Benedetto, Alessandra Bitto, Elena Bianca Adamo, Domenica Altavilla, Concetta Irace, Giacoma Di Vieste, Diego Pancaldo, Roberta Granese, Marco Atteritano, Salvatore Corrao, Giuseppe Licata, Francesco Squadrito, Vincenzo Arcoraci
Genistein, a soy-derived isoflavone, may improve cardiovascular risk profile in postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome (MetS), but few literature data on its cardiac effects in humans are available. The aim of this sub-study of a randomized double-blind case-control study was to analyze the effect on cardiac function of one-year genistein dietary supplementation in 22 post-menopausal patients with MetS. Participants received 54 mg/day of genistein (n = 11) or placebo (n = 11) in combination with a Mediterranean-style diet and regular exercise...
June 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586284/a-patent-review-of-the-therapeutic-potential-of-isoflavones-2012-2016
#16
Hidayat Hussain, Ivan R Green
Isoflavones are well-studied natural products isolated from natural sources with interesting chemodiversity and possess a wide variety of biological effects. Moreover, chemical modifications based on the isoflavone scaffold, has generated synthetic chemodiversity to enhance the bioactivities of isoflavones. Areas covered: The current review summarizes the discovery of new chemotherapeutic agents possessing the isoflavone skeleton. This review incorporates patents filed between 2012 and 2016 mostly related to anticancer, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, anti-HIV, anti-gastric ulcer, anti-gastritis, antiparasitic and some other biological effects demonstrated by isoflavone analogs...
June 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584579/effect-of-soy-isoflavones-supplement-on-climacteric-symptoms-bone-biomarkers-and-quality-of-life-in-korean-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Hansongyi Lee, Ryowon Choue, Hyunjung Lim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Soy isoflavones are expected to improve menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis in women. However, their efficacy is still inconclusive, and there was limited data for postmenopausal women in South Korea. We examined the effects of soy isoflavones on climacteric symptoms, bone biomarkers, and quality of life in Korean postmenopausal women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A randomized, double-blind study design was used. Eighty-seven participants who had undergone natural menopause were randomly administered either 70 mg/day isoflavones (n = 43) or placebo (n = 41) for 12 weeks...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583480/dietary-isoflavone-supplementation-for-food-allergy-a-pilot-study
#18
Madhan Masilamani, Lisa M Chang, Mohanapriya Kamalakannan, Edith Schussler, Whitney Rassbach, Hugh A Sampson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579428/biochanin-a-enhances-ror%C3%AE-activity-through-stat3-mediated-recruitment-of-ncoa1
#19
Miki Takahashi, Ryuta Muromoto, Hiroyuki Kojima, Shinji Takeuchi, Yuichi Kitai, Jun-Ichi Kashiwakura, Tadashi Matsuda
Interleukin (IL)-17-producing T cells play important roles in autoimmunity, chronic inflammation and host protection against extracellular bacteria and fungi. The retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptors (ROR) α and γ are key regulators of the IL-17-producing phenotype. We previously showed that the isoflavone biochanin A enhanced ROR-mediated transcriptional activity. Here, we investigated the possible mechanisms underlying this ROR activation. Biochanin A-treated murine thymoma EL4 and primary splenocytes demonstrated enhanced induction of IL-17...
June 1, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570834/in-vitro-antistaphylococcal-synergistic-effect-of-isoflavone-metabolite-demethyltexasin-with-amoxicillin-and-oxacillin
#20
Johana Rondevaldova, Jana Hummelova, Jan Tauchen, Ladislav Kokoska
Staphylococcal infections are often hard to treat due to increasing resistance, especially to β-lactams. Previous studies described the synergy between common antibiotics and isoflavonoids; however, little is yet known about the combinatory effects of antibiotics with products of human isoflavone metabolism. In this study, demethyltexasin (DT), a human body metabolite of soybean isoflavones, was evaluated for its possible antistaphylococcal combinatory effect with amoxicillin and oxacillin. For comparison, common therapeutically used combination of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid was tested...
June 1, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
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