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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923470/the-impact-of-environmental-and-behavioural-cofactors-on-the-development-of-cervical-disorders-in-hr-hpv-infected-women-in-serbia
#1
D Tasic, I Lazarevic, A Knezevic, L Tasic, A Pikula, Z Perisic, T Jovanovic, M Cupic
Persistent infection with one or more highly oncogenic human papillomaviruses (HPVs) or high-risk-HPV (HR-HPV) is necessary but not a sufficient aetiological agent for the development of cervical neoplasia. A number of viral, host, environmental and behavioural factors are suggested to be associated with the progression of cervical disorder. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of environmental and behavioural cofactors on the development of cervical disorders in HR-HPV-infected women in Serbia. A total of 541 women have been tested by PCR for the presence of HPV on the cervix...
June 20, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922955/construction-of-a-statistical-cervical-vertebrae-geometric-model-for-children-3-10-years-old
#2
Zhigang Li, Xiaoqiang Han, Cheng Ji, Xinfeng Han
Cervical spinal injuries of children in motor vehicle crashes have high morbidity and mortality rates. Cervical vertebrae change rapidly in both size and shape during growth. To accurately assess the risk of spinal injury for children of different ages, it is necessary to understand how the spatial geometric features of vertebrae change with the child's age and neck size. In this study, an innovative semi-automated method was developed that can extract and align geometric points from computed tomography scans to accurately represent complex three-dimensional vertebral geometry...
June 19, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915886/radiofrequency-ablation-in-gross-total-excision-of-cervical-chordoma-ideas-and-technique
#3
Hua Zhou, Xiaoxiong Yang, Liang Jiang, Feng Wei, Xiaoguang Liu, Zhongjun Liu
PURPOSE: To use radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the resection of C4 cervical chordoma with a giant paravertebral tumor mass to achieve tumor-free exposed margins and perform a gross total excision. METHODS: A gross total excision using combined posterior and anterior approaches was performed. In the posterior stage, the C4 posterior arch was removed and the C4/C5 nerve roots and vertebral artery were released from the tumor. In the anterior stage, the giant soft mass of tumor from C3 to C6 was treated with RFA to make it shrink and solidify visually to achieve tumor-free exposed margins before resecting the tumor...
June 18, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915803/human-papillomavirus-genotypes-in-pacific-islander-cervical-cancer-patients
#4
T M Schisler, A K Bhavsar, B P Whitcomb, J H Freeman, M A Washington, J W Blythe, M A Nahid, C S Dietrich
Objective: The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the development of invasive cervical cancers is widely known. Few HPV studies have targeted geographically isolated regions. The objective of this study was to determine the HPV genotypes in cervical cancer patients from the Pacific Islands referred to Tripler Army Medical Center (TAMC). Methods: All cases of invasive cervical cancer treated at TAMC through the Pacific Island Health Care Project between January 2004 and October 2014 were identified through a review of pathology specimens...
May 2018: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908450/cervical-sympathetic-chain-schwannoma-masquerading-as-a-vagus-nerve-schwannoma-complicated-by-postoperative-horner-s-syndrome-and-facial-pain-a-case-report
#5
Austin T Baker, Tyler J Homewood, Terry R Baker
INTRODUCTION: Cervical Sympathetic Chain Schwannomas (CSCS) of the carotid sheath are rare neoplasms that can be misdiagnosed on imaging. The following case documents a rare incident of a misdiagnosed CSCS with unusual outcomes of permanent Horner's syndrome and facial pain. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 36-year-old female presented with a slow-growing neck mass. CT and MRI led to a preoperative diagnosis of vagus nerve schwannoma (VNS). However, surgical treatment revealed the mass to be involved with the cervical sympathetic chain rather than the vagus nerve...
June 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908340/ureterolysis-for-laparoscopic-hysterectomy
#6
Haider Jan, Vishalli Ghai
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate techniques of ureterolysis during complex laparoscopic hysterectomy. DESIGN: Technical video demonstrating different approaches to ureterolysis for complex benign pathology during laparoscopic hysterectomy. (Canadian Task force classification level III) SETTING: Benign gynaecology department at a University Hospital. INTERVENTION: We perform ureterolysis during laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign pathology...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905034/interferon-epsilon-in-the-reproductive-tract-of-healthy-and-genital-herpes-simplex-virus-infected-pregnant-women-results-of-a-pilot-study
#7
Colette Nickodem, Michael F Criscitiello, Fuller Bazer, Olayinka Abiodun-Ojo, Brandie D Taylor
PROBLEM: Recently characterized interferon epsilon (IFNe) protects against sexually transmitted infections, including genital herpes simplex virus (HSV), in animal models. There are no reports of IFNe in genital tract secretions of pregnant women, and data on IFNe in non-pregnant women are limited. This pilot study is the first to measure concentrations of IFNe in vaginal and cervical secretions during pregnancy and compare values between healthy and genital HSV-infected women. METHOD OF STUDY: Vaginal or cervical specimens from 30 pregnant women were obtained from the Global Alliance to Prevent Prematurity and Stillbirth (GAPPS) repository...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904479/massive-fetal-cervical-teratoma-managed-with-the-ex-utero-intrapartum-treatment-exit-procedure
#8
Emily Olivares, Justin Castellow, Jamil Khan, Susanne Grasso, Victor Fong
Teratomas are rare congenital tumors typically comprising all 3 germ cell layers. Cervical teratomas arise in the neck and represent a minority of all teratomas. These are associated with high morbidity and mortality because of their propensity to cause airway obstruction. Demonstration on prenatal magnetic resonance imaging is uncommon, especially for a tumor of this size. Fetuses diagnosed with large neck masses are managed through cesarean section with the ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure to secure the airway, such as in our case of a large cervical teratoma in the female fetus of a 30-year-old mother who went into preterm labor...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903033/treatment-of-giant-cervico-mediastinal-lymphatic-malformations-a-case-series
#9
So-Hyun Nam, Kyoung-Ah Kwon
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic malformations are histologically benign vascular structures that vary in anatomic lesion and size. Extensive head and neck lymphatic malformations may be life-threatening. In the present study, we described three difficult-to-treat infants with giant cervico-mediastinal lymphatic malformations accompanied by severe respiratory distress. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Case 1. A Korean girl born at a gestational age of 37 weeks and weighing 2920 g had a large cervical mass compressing the trachea...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901540/a-computed-tomography-study-of-the-c7-vertebra-screws-fixation-in-children
#10
Junhao Liu, Wei Ji, Zucheng Huang, Ganggang Kong, Qi Liu, Zhiping Huang, Xiuhua Wu, Qingan Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of computed tomographic images of 92 normal pediatric cervical vertebrae. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the feasibility of the pedicle, intralaminar, and lateral mass screws fixation in children. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Fixation techniques of C7 vertebrae is technically challenging in the pediatric population. Although the techniques offer alternatives to screws placement at C7 spine in adult, there is no consensus to apply these screws in children...
June 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900030/primary-solitary-retro-clival-amyloidoma
#11
Julia R Schneider, Kevin Kwan, Kay O Kulason, Lukas J Faltings, Stephanie Colantonio, Scott Safir, Tina Loven, Jian Yi Li, Karen S Black, B Todd Schaeffer, Mark B Eisenberg
Background: Amyloidosis encompasses a group of disorders sharing the common feature of intercellular deposition of amyloid protein by several different pathogenetic mechanisms. Primary solitary amyloidosis, or amyloidoma, is a rare subset of amyloidosis in which amyloid deposition is focal and not secondary to a systemic process or plasma cell dyscrasia. Case Description: This 84-year-old female presented with history of multiple syncopal episodes, dysphagia, and ataxia...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897505/comprehensive-drilling-of-c1-2-facets-and-multiplanar-realignment-for-atlanto-axial-dislocation-and-basilar-invagination-2-dimensional-operative-video
#12
Pravin Salunke, Sushanta K Sahoo
The management for congenital atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) and basilar invagination (BI) has significantly changed in the last 2 decades. Authors operate these cases through a direct posterior approach by opening and manipulating the C1-2 joints (irrespective of C1 assimilation), modifying Goel's technique. The joints in these cases are often oblique in both sagittal and coronal planes giving rise to anteroposterior and vertical slip of C1 on C2. Asymmetry on either side gives rise to coronal/lateral angular tilt along with rotational component...
June 12, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896404/primary-breast-cancer-relapse-as-metastasis-to-the-cervix-uteri-a-case-report
#13
Aude Thouvenot, Yasmine Bizet, Laurent S Baccar, Michele Lamuraglia
Metastasis of non-gynaecological tumours to the cervix is a rare event, and metastasis from breast cancer is even rarer, with only a limited number of such cases reported in the literature to date. We herein report the case of an 86-year-old female patient who had undergone mastectomy and axillary lymphadenectomy for invasive ductal cell breast carcinoma 2 years prior, followed by adjuvant hormonal therapy with letrozole. During hospitalization for anemia associated with an inflammatory syndrome and abdominal pain with menorrhagia, an abdominal ultrasound examination revealed a suspicious uterine mass with irregular contours and abnormal vascularization with associated increase of the blood level of cancer antigen 15-3 to 34 kU/l...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894381/failure-on-the-foam-eyes-closed-test-of-standing-balance-associated-with-reduced-semicircular-canal-function-in-healthy-older-adults
#14
Eric Anson, Robin T Bigelow, Stephanie Studenski, Nandini Deshpande, Yuri Agrawal
OBJECTIVES: Standing on foam with eyes closed (FOEC) has been characterized as a measure of vestibular function; however, the relative contribution of vestibular function and proprioceptive function to the FOEC test has not been well described. In this study, the authors investigate the relationship between peripheral sensory systems (vestibular and proprioception) and performance on the FOEC test in a cohort of healthy adults. DESIGN: A total of 563 community-dwelling healthy adults (mean age, 72...
June 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889906/quantitative-assessment-of-physical-activity-in-pregnant-women-with-sonographic-short-cervix-and-the-risk-for-preterm-delivery-a-prospective-pilot-study
#15
Roni Zemet, Eyal Schiff, Zipora Manovitch, Tal Cahan, Rakefet Yoeli-Ullman, Benny Brandt, Israel Hendler, Lilia Dorfman-Margolis, Yoav Yinon, Eyal Sivan, Shali Mazaki-Tovi
OBJECTIVE: Bed rest or activity restriction is a common obstetrical practice, despite a paucity of data to support its efficacy. The aim of this study was to determine whether physical activity, as assessed by a smart band activity tracker, is associated with preterm birth in pregnant women at high risk for preterm delivery. METHODS: This was a pilot prospective cohort study including pregnant women at high risk for preterm delivery between 24 and 32 weeks-of-gestation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889798/gait-alteration-in-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-elucidated-by-ground-reaction-forces
#16
Ram Haddas, Kevin L Ju
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: Analyze ground reaction force (GRF) parameters in cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) patients to elucidate gait alterations as compared to healthy controls. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: During the human gait cycle, the magnitude and direction of the force each foot imparts on the ground varies in a controlled fashion to propel the body's center of mass forward. Alterations in GRF patterns can both point to subtle gait disturbances and explain altered gait patterns such as that seen in CSM...
June 8, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889797/whorling-sclerosing-variant-meningioma-of-the-spine-surgical-management-and-outcome-of-an-extremely-rare-case
#17
Keyvan Eghbal, Amirreza Dehghanian, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand
STUYD DESIGN: Case Report OBJECTIVE.: To report surgical resection of multiple ventral cervical and thoracic lesion being diagnosed as whorling-sclerosing variant meningioma (WSM) and subsequent stabilization of cervicothoracic spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: WSM is a rare histopathology variant of meningioma which is mostly reported in brain and only one case of cervical spine WSM has been reported. Because of the rarity of WSM, there is a paucity of information regarding the clinical, radiological and histopathologic characteristics...
June 8, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885916/massive-splenomegaly-due-to-b-cell-lymphoma-a-case-report
#18
M Djokic, B Plesnik, M Petric, B Trotovsek
INTRODUCTION: Massive splenomegaly is indicated by spleen weight exceeding 1000 g and largest spleen dimension greater than 20 cm Poulin et al. (1998). In many cases, splenectomy is the treatment of choice for massive splenomegaly because it releases the pressure on adjacent organs and also provides a definitive histopathological diagnosis of the underlying cause Iriyama et al. (2010), Radhakrishnan (2018). PRESENTATION OF CASE: Herein we present a clinical case of disseminated diffuse large B - cell lymphoma, clinical stage IV, with massive splenomegaly...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885187/ectopic-cervical-thymic-cyst-in-a-seven-year-old-a-diagnostic-challenge
#19
Haissan Iftikhar, Shabbir Akhtar
Cervical thymus cyst is a rare entity and resembles lymphangioma or branchial cleft cyst therefore, presents as a diagnostic challenge. It has a slight male predominance and presents on the left side of the neck in up to 70% of cases. It is a painless mass that progressively increases. We present a case of a seven year old child with a right sided neck swelling that would increase on phonation therefore, adding to the complexity of the case. Surgical excision was performed and final histopathology revealed an ectopic thymic cyst...
May 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875949/-dyspnoea-revealing-laryngopyocele
#20
Rachidi Alaoui Siham, Zeriouel Asmae
Laryngocele is rare; it is an abnormal dilatation of the laryngeal appendix or of the Morgagni's ventricular pouch. Its size is variable. When it is small, it is usually asymptomatic. When it is large, it can manifest as a cervical anterolateral paralaryngeal mass. Diagnosis is based on CT scan. Treatment approach is still discussed. Endoscopic CO2 laser treatment has aroused great interest in recent years. We here report the clinical observation of a 24-year old woman with a 4-year history of intermittent dyspnea...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
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