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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450884/is-sonographically-measured-cervical-length-at-37-weeks-gestation-associated-with-intrapartum-cesarean-section-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Bradley de Vries, Rajit Narayan, Kevin McGeechan, Stanley Santiagu, Ramesh Vairavan, Minke Burke, Hala Phipps, Jon Hyett
Cesarean section rates continue to increase globally. Prediction of intrapartum cesarean section could lead to preventative measures. Our aim was to assess the association between sonographically measured cervical length at 37 weeks' gestation and cesarean section among women planning a vaginal birth. The population was women with a low risk pregnancy or with gestational diabetes MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study conducted in a tertiary referral hospital in Sydney, Australia. 212 women with a low risk pregnancy or with gestational diabetes were recruited including 158 nulliparous and 54 parous women...
February 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449722/current-usefulness-of-aspiration-cytology-fnac-in-the-head-and-neck-diagnosis
#2
S Dallari, P M Gusella, P Campanella, M Ciommi, P Pantanetti, E Tortato, A Castriotta
Background: Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is a well established and widely used method for both a preliminary and sometime final non-invasive pathologic diagnosis. FNAC is a simple and inexpensive diagnostic tool and should represent the standard of care in developing and resource-poor countries while maintaining its diagnostic usefulness in developed and advanced ones. Methods: The concordance between preoperative FNAC and final histology was evaluated in 168 patients operated on at the Otorhinolaryngology Unit, "A...
December 2017: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443779/cerebral-infarction-due-to-malposition-of-cervical-pedicle-screw-a-case-report
#3
Jun Zhang, Rongming Xu, Zheng Li, Weibin Zha
RATIONALE: Malposition of cervical pedicle screw (CPS) has a risk of vertebral artery (VA) injury which sometimes may cause unexpected and catastrophic outcome. A rare case of delayed onset of cerebral infarction caused by malposition of CPS was reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 23-year-old man who underwent a posterior cervical reduction and fusion of C4-5 using CPS fixation and allograft for cervical spine injury is presented. The patient suffered progressively weakness and numbness for both of upper and lower extremities 1 day after the operation...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443738/hodgkin-lymphoma-involving-the-tonsil-misdiagnosed-as-tonsillar-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
You Qin, Lijuan Lu, Yanwei Lu, Kunyu Yang
RATIONALE: Primary Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) involving the tonsil is extremely rare. Only about 20 such cases with verification of biopsy and immunohistochemistry have been reported. Because of its rarity and unremarkable clinical presentation, a timely correct diagnosis is very challenging. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 43-year-old man complained left tonsillar enlargement and painless masses in left neck, with night sweat. The clinical examination found a marked tonsillar asymmetry, with an enlarged left tonsil and ipsilateral cervical lymphadenopathy and a normal right tonsil...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437712/fast-growing-cervical-mass-anaplastic-thyroid-carcinoma
#5
Ana Coutinho Santos, Mariana Horta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435293/a-case-of-peritoneal-malignant-mesothelioma-following-radiation-therapy-for-cervical-cancer
#6
Mitsutake Yano, Yuji Ikeda, Tomomi Kato, Mika Sakaki, Sho Sato, Akira Yabuno, Eito Kozawa, Masanori Yasuda
The present study presents a case of peritoneal malignant mesothelioma (PMM) following radiation therapy for cervical cancer. A 34-year-old Japanese woman, without asbestos exposure, was referred to the Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center due to a cervical mass, and was diagnosed with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The serum levels of tumor markers, including SCC antigen and cancer antigen 125 (CA125) were 229.0 ng/ml and 54.4 U/ml, respectively...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423104/clinical-outcomes-and-differential-effects-of-pi3k-pathway-mutation-in-obese-versus-non-obese-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#7
Perry Grigsby, Adnan Elhammali, Fiona Ruiz, Stephanie Markovina, Michael D McLellan, Christopher A Miller, Anupama Chundury, Ngoc-Anh L Ta, Ramachandran Rashmi, John D Pfeifer, Robert S Fulton, Todd DeWees, Julie K Schwarz
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of obesity and obesity-associated factors on the outcomes of patients with cervical cancer. Outcomes were evaluated in 591 patients with FIGO Ib to IV cervical cancer treated uniformly with definitive radiation. Patients were stratified into 3 groups based upon pretreatment Body Mass Index (BMI): A ≤ 18.5; B 18.6 - 34.9; and C ≥ 35. The 5-year freedom from failure rates were 58, 59, and 73% for BMI groups A, B, and C (p = 0.01). Overall survival rates were 50, 59, and 68%, respectively (p = 0...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422366/ossified-extradural-en-plaque-meningioma-of-the-cervical-spine
#8
Koichiro Sakamoto, Satoshi Tsutsumi, Senshu Nonaka, Takamoto Suzuki, Hisato Ishii, Masanori Ito, Yukimasa Yasumoto
A 57-year-old woman sustained gradually progressive sensorimotor disturbance in the left upper extremity for one year. Neurological examination found a diminished sensation below the left C7 dermatome and reduced strength in the left interosseous muscles. Computed tomography of the cervical spine revealed a high density mass at C7, in the left dorsal part of the spinal canal. Magnetic resonance imaging found an enhancing, en-plaque tumor at C6-T1, involving a non-enhancing part, and considerable compression of the spinal cord...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422310/multifocal-spinal-cord-nephroblastoma-in-a-dog
#9
L C Henker, R M Bianchi, T P Vargas, E C de Oliveira, D Driemeier, S P Pavarini
A 1-year-old male American pit bull terrier was presented with a history of proprioceptive deficits and mild lameness of the right hindlimb, which progressed after 5 months to paraparesis, culminating in tetraparesis after 2 weeks. Necropsy findings were limited to the spinal cord and consisted of multiple, intradural, extramedullary, slightly red masses which produced segmental areas of medullary swelling located in the cervical intumescence, thoracolumbar column, sacral segment and cauda equina. Histological evaluation revealed a tumour, composed of epithelial, stromal and blastemal cells, with structures resembling tubules, acini and embryonic glomeruli...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413455/characterization-of-cervical-neuromuscular-response-to-head-neck-perturbation-in-active-young-adults
#10
Bara Alsalaheen, Ryan Bean, Andrea Almeida, James Eckner, Matthew Lorincz
BACKGROUND: The majority of studies examining the role of cervical muscles on head-neck kinematics focused on musculoskeletal attributes (e.g. strength). Cervical neuromuscular response to perturbation may represent a divergent construct that has not been examined under various perturbation conditions. This study examined the association between cervical musculoskeletal attributes and cervical neuromuscular response of the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) to perturbation. Furthermore, this study examined the effect of anticipation and preload on the SCM neuromuscular response...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410109/in-vivo-raman-spectroscopy-for-biochemical-monitoring-of-the-cervix-throughout-pregnancy
#11
Christine M O'Brien, Elizabeth Vargis, Amy Rudin, James C Slaughter, Giju Thomas, J Michael Newton, Jeff Reese, Kelly A Bennett, Anita Mahadevan-Jansen
BACKGROUND: The cervix must undergo significant biochemical remodeling to allow for successful parturition. This process is not fully understood, especially in instances of spontaneous preterm birth. In vivo Raman spectroscopy is an optical technique that can be used to investigate the biochemical composition of tissue longitudinally and non-invasively in humans, and has been utilized to measure physiology and disease states in a variety of medical applications. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to measure in vivo Raman spectra of the cervix throughout pregnancy in women, and to identify biochemical markers that change with the preparation for delivery and post-partum repair...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405479/persistent-extreme-hyperextension-of-the-fetal-neck-clinical-and-neuroimaging-findings
#12
Shai Shrot, Clark T Johnson, W Christopher Golden, Ahmet A Baschat, Janine E Bullard, Aylin Tekes, Andrea Poretti, Emily Dunn, Thierry A G M Huisman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Persistent hyperextension of the fetal craniocervical junction or neck is one of several fetal positions commonly observed on prenatal imaging. Underlying fetal structural etiologies such as fetal neck masses and iniencephaly can be detected as causes of hyperextension. Caesarean delivery is considered in cases of vaginal delivery or obstructed labor for fear of cervical spinal cord injury. In this case series, we describe the prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and their potential role in obstetric management and discuss postnatal outcomes in fetuses demonstrating prenatal imaging findings of persistent extreme hyperextension of the neck...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403258/easy-method-to-simplify-freehand-subaxial-cervical-pedicle-screw-insertion
#13
Alexander V Burcev, Olga M Pavlova, Konstantin A Diachkov, Galina V Diachkova, Sergey O Ryabykh, Alexander V Gubin
Study Design: Technical note. Objectives: The objective of this study is to check out safety and rationality of standardized and fast tricks to select trajectory of subaxial cervical pedicle screw (SCPS) insertion, based on simple angles to bony landmarks. Materials and Methods: Stage 1 - Computed tomography (CT)-morphometric analysis of C3-C7 vertebrae of ten patients with cervical degenerative diseases. Stage 2 - SCPS insertion in 6 cadavers, according to the developed technique (59 pedicle screws)...
October 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403257/idiopathic-hypertrophic-pachymeningitis-as-a-rare-cause-of-cervical-compressive-myelopathy
#14
Aya Fukuda, Elizabete Punaro, Fábio Rogério, Luciano de Souza Queiroz, Fabiano Reis
The spinal form of idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP) is a rare condition characterized by a chronic progressive diffuse inflammatory fibrosis of the dura mater, which may evolve to the compression of the spinal cord. We present a case report about IHP focusing on its features in magnetic resonance imaging, which are determined by an intradural extramedullary mass in the cervical spine showing hypointensity on T2-weighted images and peripheral enhancement, causing compression of the spinal cord. Histological analysis showed a nonspecific chronic inflammatory process in dense fibrous tissue...
October 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403251/transoral-screw-and-wire-fixation-for-unstable-anterior-%C3%A2-atlas-fracture
#15
Semih Keskil, Murat Göksel, Ulas Yüksel
Study Design: Atlas fractures are evaluated according to the fracture type and ligamentous injury. External immobilization may result in fracture nonunion. Objective: The ideal treatment method for non-stabilized atlas fractures is limited fixation without restricting the range of motion of the atlantoaxial and atlantooccipital joints. Summary of Background Data: Such a result can be established by using either anterior fixation or posterior lateral mass fixation...
October 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403247/perioperative-complications-in-patients-treated-with-posterior-cervical-fusion-and-bilateral-cages
#16
Krzysztof B Siemionow, Pawel Glowka, Robert J Blok, Mark C Gillespy, Mukund I Gundanna, William D Smith, Zeshan Hyder, Bruce M McCormack
Context: Posterior cervical cages have recently become available as an alternative to lateral mass fixation in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery. Aims: The purpose of this study was to quantify the perioperative complications associated with cervical decompression and fusion in patients treated with a posterior cervical fusion (PCF) and bilateral cages. Settings and Design: A retrospective, multicenter review of prospectively collected data was performed at 11 US centers...
October 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403242/multilevel-cervical-laminectomy-and-fusion-with-posterior-cervical-cages
#17
Jad N Bou Monsef, Krzysztof B Siemionow
Context: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a progressive disease that can result in significant disability. Single-level stenosis can be effectively decompressed through either anterior or posterior techniques. However, multilevel pathology can be challenging, especially in the presence of significant spinal stenosis. Three-level anterior decompression and fusion are associated with higher nonunion rates and prolonged dysphagia. Posterior multilevel laminectomies with foraminotomies jeopardize the bone stock required for stable fixation with lateral mass screws (LMSs)...
October 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402239/primary-extra-uterine-and-extra-ovarian-mullerian-adenosarcoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Vincenzo Dario Mandato, Federica Torricelli, Valentina Mastrofilippo, Riccardo Valli, Lorenzo Aguzzoli, Giovanni Battista La Sala
BACKGROUND: Extra-uterine mullerian adenosarcomas have varying biological behaviours depending on the presence of endometriosis or sarcomatous overgrowth. These behaviours manifest according to the tumours' histological characteristics and sites of origin. The best treatment and oncologic outcome have not been clarified because only a few cases of extra-uterine and extra-ovarian adenosarcoma have been described in the literature. Here, we report a case of primary peritoneal adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth and review all reported cases of adenosarcomas arising outside of the uterus and outside the ovaries to identify the best treatment options and clarify outcomes...
February 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400953/glucose-appended-platinum-ii-bodipy-conjugates-for-targeted-photodynamic-therapy-in-red-light
#19
Vanitha Ramu, Srishti Gautam, Aditya Garai, Paturu Kondaiah, Akhil R Chakravarty
Platinum(II) complexes [Pt(L1)(R-BODIPY)]Cl (1) and [Pt(L2)(R-BODIPY)]Cl (2), where R-BODIPY is 8-(4-ethynylphenyl)-distyryl-4,4-difluoro-5,7-dimethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene-3, L1 is 4'-phenyl-2,2':6',2″-terpyridine, and L2 is (2,2':6',2″-terpyridin-4'-oxy)ethyl-β-d-glucopyranoside, were synthesized and characterized, and their photocytotoxicity was studied. The phenylacetylide complex [Pt(L1)(C≡CPh)]Cl (3) was prepared and used as a control. Complexes 1 and 2 showed near-IR absorption bands at 713 nm (ε = 3...
February 5, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399355/radiation-induced-angiosarcoma-of-the-omentum-diagnosed-by-laparoscopy-a-case-report
#20
Haruko Kunitomi, Kouji Banno, Hayato Iseki, Asako Sera, Azumi Miyauchi, Yusuke Kobayashi, Shigenori Hayashi, Eiichiro Tominaga, Aya Sasaki, Miho Kawaida, Kaori Kameyama, Daisuke Aoki
Angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor with an aggressive clinical course and a poor prognosis. Intraperitoneal angiosarcoma, especially originating from the omentum, is extremely rare. We report a case of radiation-induced angiosarcoma of the omentum that arose in a 38-year-old female seven years after concurrent chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer. The primary tumor was unknown until diagnostic laparoscopy revealed an unresectable omental mass. Pathological examination revealed high-grade malignant cells positive for endothelial markers...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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