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Diagnostic value of five clinical tests in patellofemoral pain syndrome

Guilherme S Nunes, Eduardo Luiz Stapait, Michel Hors Kirsten, Marcos de Noronha, Gilmar Moraes Santos
The high incidence and diversity of factors attributed to the etiology of patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) makes the diagnosis of this problem somewhat complex and susceptible to misinterpretation. Currently, there is not a defined set of procedures considered as ideal to diagnose PFPS. To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of clinical and functional tests used to diagnose PFPS through a systematic review. We searched relevant studies in the databases Medline, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus and Embase. The QUADAS score was used to assess the methodological quality of the eligible studies...
February 2013: Physical Therapy in Sport
Harri K Pihlajamäki, Paavo-Ilari Kuikka, Vesa-Veikko Leppänen, Martti J Kiuru, Ville M Mattila
BACKGROUND: This diagnostic study was performed to determine the correlation between anterior knee pain and chondromalacia patellae and to define the reliability of magnetic resonance imaging for the diagnosis of chondromalacia patellae. METHODS: Fifty-six young adults (median age, 19.5 years) with anterior knee pain had magnetic resonance imaging of the knee followed by arthroscopy. The patellar chondral lesions identified by magnetic resonance imaging were compared with the arthroscopic findings...
April 2010: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Jo Nijs, Catherine Van Geel, Cindy Van der auwera, Bart Van de Velde
The current study is aimed at examining the validity of five clinical patellofemoral tests used in the diagnosis of patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Forty-five knee patients were divided into either the PFPS or the non-PFPS group, based on the fulfilment of the diagnostic criteria for PFPS. An investigator, blinded to the group assignment, performed the vastus medialis coordination test, patellar apprehension test, Waldron's test, Clarke's test, and the eccentric step test. The positive likelihood ratio was 2...
February 2006: Manual Therapy
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