keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dna fragmentation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528260/hexavalent-chromium-induced-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-pycnoporus-sanguineus
#1
Mi Feng, Hua Yin, Hui Peng, Zehua Liu, Guining Lu, Zhi Dang
White rot fungi have been proved to be a promising option for the removal of heavy metals, understanding their toxic response to heavy metals is conducive to developing and popularizing fungi-based remediation technologies so as to lessen the hazard of heavy metals. In this study, Cr(VI)-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in Pycnoporus sanguineus, a species of white rot fungi were investigated. The results suggested that high level of Cr(VI) promoted the formation of ROS, including H2O2, O2(•-) and ·OH...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527957/streptozotocin-alters-glucose-transport-connexin-expression-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-functions-in-neurons-and-astrocytes
#2
Joyshree Biswas, Sonam Gupta, Dinesh Kumar Verma, Sarika Singh
The study was undertaken to explore the cell specific streptozotocin (STZ) induced mechanistic alterations. STZ induced rodent model is a well established experimental model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in our previous studies we have established it as an in vitro screening model of AD by employing N2A neuronal cells. Therefore, STZ was selected in the present study to understand the STZ induced cell specific alterations by utilizing neuronal N2A and astrocytes C6 cells. Both neuronal and astrocyte cells were treated with STZ at 10, 50, 100 and 1000μM concentration for 48 h...
May 17, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527683/association-of-val66met-polymorphism-at-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-with-depression-among-chinese-adolescents-after-wenchuan-earthquake-an-18months-longitudinal-study
#3
Mei Fan, Rong Hui Li, Min Shan Hu, Li Ying Xiao, Xue Dong Zhou, Mao Sheng Ran, Ding Zhi Fang
To longitudinally investigate the association of Val66Met polymorphism at brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene (BDNF) with depression in Chinese Han adolescents after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, BDNF Val66Met was identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses and verified by DNA sequencing. Depression was assessed by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) among high school students at 6, 12 and 18months after the earthquake. The results showed that the females constantly had higher depression prevalence than the males during the follow-up in the Met allele carriers, but not in the Val/Val homozygotes...
May 17, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527047/dietary-ascorbic-acid-reduced-micronucleus-and-nuclear-abnormalities-in-clarias-gariepinus-burchell-1822-exposed-to-hospital-effluent
#4
Chibuisi G Alimba, Raphael D Ajiboye, Olakunle S Fagbenro
Hospital effluents contain myriad of mutagens and genotoxins capable of increasing DNA damage in aquatic biota. African mudfish, Clarias gariepinus, are exposed to genotoxins when cultured in swamps and derelict water bodies often contaminated by effluents. Moreover, its DNA is susceptible to xenobiotic-induced lesions since it lacks L-gulonolactone oxidase and hence cannot synthesize L-ascorbic acid. This study investigated 96-h acute toxicity and protective effects of dietary ascorbic acid (AA) against micronucleus (MN) and abnormal nuclear (NAs) formation in C...
May 19, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526407/sirtuin-inhibition-leads-to-autophagy-and-apoptosis-in-porcine-preimplantation-blastocysts
#5
Min Gyeong Kim, Duk Hyoun Kim, Hye Ran Lee, Jun Sung Lee, Su Jin Jin, Hoon Taek Lee
Sirtuins are nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dependent class III histone deacetylase proteins that play a crucial role in several cellular processes, including DNA repair, apoptosis, and lifespan. Previous studies have shown that sirtuin inhibition leads to embryonic developmental arrest and oxidative stress in porcine and murine. However, sirtuin-mediated mechanisms have not been examined in porcine preimplantation blastocysts. We therefore investigated the relationship between sirtuins and autophagy. Embryos were cultured with 100 μM sirtinol (SIRT1/2 inhibitor) in NCSU-23 media after in vitro fertilization...
May 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525718/on-the-stability-of-the-parent-anion-of-the-potential-radiosensitizer-8-bromoadenine-formed-by-low-energy-3-ev-electron-attachment
#6
Robin Schürmann, Katrin Tanzer, Iwona Dabkowska, Stephan Paul Denifl, Ilko Bald
8-Bromoadenine (8BrA) is a potential DNA radiosensitizer for cancer radiation therapy due to its efficient interaction with low energy electrons (LEEs). LEEs are a short-living species generated during the radiation damage of DNA by high energy radiation as it is applied in cancer radiation therapy. Electron attachment to 8BrA in the gas phase results in a stable parent anion below 3 eV electron energy in addition to fragmentation products formed by resonant exocyclic bond cleavages. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the 8BrA- anion reveal an exotic bond between the bromine and the C8 atom with a bond length of 2...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525660/polymorphism-of-mitochondrial-dna-in-the-brazilian-canind%C3%A3-goat-breed
#7
N M V Silva, E C Pimenta Filho, J K G Arandas, M A Gomes Filho, E Ferreira, I Del Cerro, C Fonseca, M N Ribeiro
The success of the geographical distribution of goat populations around the world is a consequence of the adaptive potential of these breeds. Several relevant traits to the success of the species in colonizing different ecosystems (and use by man) evolved before domestication. These features were relevant for the selection of different breeds. Each breed represents a genetic heritage that may be unique and essential for maintaining the species. The objective of this study was to catalog the mtDNA haplotypes of the Brazilian autochthonous Canindé goat breed and to characterize the genetic diversity observed in subpopulations by sequencing a 481-bp fragment corresponding to the first portion of the control region in 178 individuals from 10 herds, sampled in six Brazilian states...
May 18, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525657/genetic-diversity-of-native-populations-of-croton-tetradenius-baill-using-issr-markers
#8
C S Almeida-Pereira, A V C Silva, R P Alves, R B Feitosa-Alcantara, M F Arrigoni-Blank, S V Alvares-Carvalho, T S Costa, L A S White, V S Pinto, T S Sampaio, A F Blank
Brazil has about 300 Croton species in different types of vegetation. Croton tetradenius Baill., which is endemic to the Northeast region and predominant in the Caatinga vegetation, stands out among the several species of this genus. Considering the importance of knowing the genetic variability of a species, the objective of this study was to analyze the genetic diversity of the genotypes of natural populations of C. tetradenius in the State of Sergipe, using ISSR molecular markers. Forty individuals were sampled in four natural populations of the State of Sergipe, Brazil...
May 18, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525650/detection-of-damage-on-single-or-double-stranded-dna-in-a-population-exposed-to-arsenic-in-drinking-water
#9
J Jiménez-Villarreal, D I Rivas-Armendariz, C P Pineda-Belmontes, N D Betancourt-Martínez, M A Macías-Corral, A J Guerra-Alanis, M S Niño-Castañeda, J Morán-Martínez
Different studies have suggested an association between arsenic (As) exposure and damage to single-stranded DNA by reactive oxygen species derived from the biotransformation of arsenic. The single strand damages are converted to double strand damage upon interaction with ultraviolet radiation. Analysis of genomic integrity is important for assessing the genotoxicity caused by environmental pollutants. In this study, we compared the concentration of As in drinking water, nutritional status, lifestyle variables, and the level of genotoxicity in an exposed population and a control group...
May 18, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525598/differential-diagnosis-for-pythiosis-using-thermophilic-helicase-dna-amplification-and-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism-thda-rflp
#10
Navaporn Worasilchai, Piyasak Chaumpluk, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Ariya Chindamporn
Pythiosis is caused by Pythium insidiosum, a fungus-like microbe belonging to the kingdom Stramenopila. Its diagnosis is challenging due to clinical and histopathological similarities with the fungal microbes that cause mucormycosis and entomophthoramycosis. In addition, the proper identification of P. insidiosum in the clinical laboratory is difficult. We have developed a rapid and accurate, species-specific identification method using a thermophilic helicase DNA amplification (tHDA) technique, to differentiate this pathogen from closely related pathogenic fungi...
May 18, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523277/the-effect-of-l-carnitine-hypotaurine-and-taurine-supplementation-on-the-quality-of-cryopreserved-chicken-semen
#11
Agnieszka Partyka, Olga Rodak, Joanna Bajzert, Joanna Kochan, Wojciech Niżański
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of L-carnitine (LC), hypotaurine (HT), and taurine (T) on the quality of frozen-thawed chicken semen. Pooled semen samples were divided into seven aliquots (control, 1 mM LC, 5 mM LC, 1 mM HT, 10 mM HT, 1 mM T, and 10 mM T) and subjected to cryopreservation. Postthaw sperm motility was determined by IVOS system and sperm characteristics were assessed with fluorochromes and flow cytometry. The highest sperm motility and the highest percentage of viable sperm were in the HT1 group (P < 0...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522356/association-between-matrix-metaloproteinases-2-1306c-t-polymorphism-and-the-risk-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-iranian-population
#12
Mahshid Sattari, Maryam Hassanzad, Seyed Hamid Jamaldini, Alireza Najafi, Mahdieh Imani, Mohammadreza Mohammadhassani, Mandana Hasanzad
BACKGROUND: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) represents the most important cause of sudden cardiac death. Interaction between genetic and environmental factors, individual susceptibility of the development of CAD is one of the MMP2 genes. Genetic variants' dysfunction of the MMP2 gene associated with the risk of CAD. The aim of the present study is to assess possible association between risk of Coronary Artery Disease and MMP2-1306C/T polymorphism. METHODS: This case-control study contains a total number of 344 subjects, including 215 patients with CAD and 129 of controls...
May 6, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522225/genetic-screening-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy-using-a-real-time-modified-cop-pcr-technique-with-dried-blood-spot-dna
#13
Mawaddah Ar Rochmah, Nur Imma Fatimah Harahap, Emma Tabe Eko Niba, Kenta Nakanishi, Hiroyuki Awano, Ichiro Morioka, Kazumoto Iijima, Toshio Saito, Kayoko Saito, Poh San Lai, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Atsuko Takeuchi, Yoshihiro Bouike, Maya Okamoto, Hisahide Nishio, Masakazu Shinohara
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in SMN1. More than 95% of SMA patients carry homozygous SMN1 deletion. SMA is the leading genetic cause of infant death, and has been considered an incurable disease. However, a recent clinical trial with an antisense oligonucleotide drug has shown encouraging clinical efficacy. Thus, early and accurate detection of SMN1 deletion may improve prognosis of many infantile SMA patients. METHODS: A total of 88 DNA samples (37 SMA patients, 12 carriers and 39 controls) from dried blood spots (DBS) on filter paper were analyzed...
May 15, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521774/correlation-of-cell-free-dna-plasma-concentration-with-severity-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
Thomas Karlas, Lara Weise, Stephanie Kuhn, Felix Krenzien, Matthias Mehdorn, David Petroff, Nicolas Linder, Alexander Schaudinn, Harald Busse, Volker Keim, Johann Pratschke, Johannes Wiegand, Katrin Splith, Moritz Schmelzle
BACKGROUND: The assessment of fibrosis and inflammatory activity is essential to identify patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) at risk for progressive disease. Serum markers and ultrasound-based methods can replace liver biopsy for fibrosis staging, whereas non-invasive characterization of inflammatory activity remains a clinical challenge. Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is a novel non-invasive biomarker for assessing cellular inflammation and cell death, which has not been evaluated in NAFLD...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521410/effect-of-momordica-charantia-protein-on-proliferation-apoptosis-and-the-akt-signal-transduction-pathway-in-the-human-endometrial-carcinoma-ishikawa-h-cell-line-in-vitro
#15
Hang-Zhi Gu, Rong-Rong Lin, Han-Chu Wang, Xue-Jie Zhu, Yan Hu, Fei-Yun Zheng
Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is one of the most common female malignancies, and there is an urgent requirement to explore new therapeutic strategies. In the present study, Ishikawa H cells were treated with Momordica charantia protein (MCP30). The cell morphology, growth inhibition rate, cell cycle distribution, and expression of phosphate and tensin homolog, P-AKT and AKT were measured. DNA fragmentation analysis and Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide double staining assay were used to analyze cell apoptosis...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521246/synthesis-of-novel-dibenzoxanthene-derivatives-and-observation-of-apoptosis-in-human-hepatocellular-cancer-cells
#16
Hui-Hui Yang, Yun-Jun Liu, Xiu-Zhen Wang
We have synthesized dibenzoxanthene derivatives 2a-2i via nucleophilic substitution of methoxyl group and evaluated underlying antitumor molecular mechanism of target compounds. Compounds showed high cytotoxic activities against BEL-7402, A549, HeLa and MG-63 cancer cells in the µM range. These compounds inhibited the cell growth of BEL-7402 cells at S or G2/M phase. The compounds 2a-2i also induced the apoptosis of BEL-7402 cells. In addition, compounds enhanced the level of intramolecular ROS and decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential...
May 4, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520810/long-chain-saturated-and-unsaturated-fatty-acids-exert-opposing-effects-on-viability-and-function-of-glp-1-producing-cells-mechanisms-of-lipotoxicity
#17
Ketan Thombare, Stelia Ntika, Xuan Wang, Camilla Krizhanovskii
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fatty acids acutely stimulate GLP-1 secretion from L-cells in vivo. However, a high fat diet has been shown to reduce the density of L-cells in the mouse intestine and a positive correlation has been indicated between L-cell number and GLP-1 secretion. Thus, the mechanism of fatty acid-stimulated GLP-1 secretion, potential effects of long-term exposure to elevated levels of different fatty acid species, and underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In the present study, we sought to determine how long-term exposure to saturated (16:0) and unsaturated (18:1) fatty acids, by direct effects on GLP-1-producing cells, alter function and viability, and the underlying mechanisms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517043/sperm-chromatin-quality-and-dna-integrity-in-partial-versus-total-globozoospermia
#18
A R Talebi, J Ghasemzadeh, M A Khalili, I Halvaei, F Fesahat
Globozoospermia is a severe form of teratozoospermia with low incidence in infertile patients, considered as one of the important causes of male infertility. The objective was to investigate the chromatin/DNA integrity as well as apoptosis in ejaculated spermatozoa of cases with partial or total globozoospermia. Fifty-seven semen samples were divided into three groups of partial globozoospermia (n = 17), total globozoospermia (n = 10) and normozoospermia (control; n = 30). Sperm chromatin condensation, DNA integrity and apoptosis were assessed using cytochemical assays...
May 18, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514850/dna-dendrimer-streptavidin-nanocomplex-an-efficient-signal-amplifier-for-construction-of-biosensing-platforms
#19
Yan Zhao, Shichao Hu, Huaming Wang, Kaiwen Yu, Yan Guan, Xiaoyun Liu, Na Li, Feng Liu
We develop a DNA dendrimer-streptavidin (SA) nanocomplex as a novel signal amplifier to create biosensing platforms for disease-related species. The DNA dendrimer-SA nanocomplex is fabricated by crosslinking the nonlinear hybridization chain reaction based DNA dendrimer with the SA-coupled linker DNA, and possesses multiple sticky ends, a high molecular weight, and a hyperbranched nanostructure with large numbers of DNA duplexes. Taking advantages of the DNA dendrimer-SA nanocomplex and a label-free quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) technology, we first construct a mass-sensitive QCM biosensing platform for nucleic acids, which displays high selectivity and sensitivity with the detection limit of 0...
May 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513917/fragment-screening-against-the-ethr-dna-interaction-by-native-mass-spectrometry
#20
Daniel Shiu-Hin Chan, Vitor Mendes, Sherine E Thomas, Brendan N McConnell, Dijana Matak-Vinković, Anthony G Coyne, Tom L Blundell, Christopher Abell
Native nanoelectrospray ionization mass spectrometry is an underutilized technique for fragment screening. In this study, the first demonstration is provided of the use of native mass spectrometry for screening fragments against a protein-DNA interaction. EthR is a transcriptional repressor of EthA expression in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) that reduces the efficacy of ethionamide, a second-line anti-tubercular drug used to combat multidrug resistant Mtb strains. A small-scale fragment screening campaign was conducted against the EthR-DNA interaction using native mass spectrometry, and results were compared with those from differential scanning fluorimetry, a commonly used primary screening technique...
May 17, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
keyword
keyword
98571
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"