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Pelvic inflammatory disease review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915472/pathomechanism-of-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome-and-mapping-the-heterogeneity-of-disease
#1
REVIEW
Jia-Fong Jhang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a heterogeneous syndrome which is usually characterized by urinary frequency, nocturia, and bladder pain. Several pathomechanisms have been proposed, including uroepithelial dysfunction, mast cell activation, neurogenic inflammation, autoimmunity, and occult urinary tract infections. It is possible that an inflammatory process alters regulation of urothelial homeostasis and results in dysfunction of the bladder epithelium. Different phenotypes of IC/BPS have been explored including Hunner and non-Hunner type IC, hypersensitive bladder, and bladder pain both with and without functional somatic syndrome...
November 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905697/management-of-infertile-women-with-pelvic-endometriosis-a-literature-review
#2
Elisabeth Guinard, Pierre Collinet, Catherine Lefebvre, Geoffroy Robin, Chrystele Rubod
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a condition that affects women's fertility. Several mechanisms are involved in this process: anatomical changes, mechanical, immune or inflammatory factors, ovarian reserve alterations. There are different types of strategies to treat endometriosis-related infertility: medical treatment, surgical treatment and / or techniques of medically assisted procreation. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We tried to consider various therapeutic strategies depending on the stage of the disease in order to offer appropriate management to patients with endometriosis who wish to become pregnant: we reviewed 58 articles between 1985 to 2016 searching in medline using the key words "endometriosis and infertility" and "infertility and endometriosis treatment"...
December 1, 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879197/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Charles Walter Bugg, Taku Taira
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a common disease that is associated with significant complications including infertility, chronic pelvic pain, ruptured tubo-ovarian abscess, and ectopic pregnancy. The diagnosis may be delayed when the presentation has nonspecific signs and symptoms. Even when it is properly identified, pelvic inflammatory disease is often treated suboptimally. This review provides evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment, disposition, and follow-up of patients with pelvic inflammatory disease...
December 2016: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867692/osteonecrosis-of-both-knees-in-a-woman-with-crohn-s-disease
#4
Mara Barbosa, José Cotter
Osteonecrosis is a very rare complication of Crohn's disease (CD). It is not clear if it is related to corticosteroid therapy or if it occurs as an extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease. We present the case of a patient with CD who presented with osteonecrosis of both knees. A 22 years old woman was diagnosed with CD in April 2012 (Montreal Classification A2L1 + L4B3p). She was started on prednisolone (40 mg/d), azathioprine (100 mg/d) and messalazine (3 g/d). In July 2012, due to active perianal disease, infliximab therapy was initiated...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863343/acrometastasis-following-colorectal-cancer-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Kozar Agha, Khalid Akbari, Syed Husain Abbas, Simon Middleton, Daniel McGrath
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer commonly metastasises to the liver, peritoneum and lungs. Bony metastases are uncommon in colorectal cancer and in particular metastases to the hands or feet (acrometastasis) are an extremely rare occurrence. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old male with a colonic malignancy underwent elective anterior resection. Intra-operatively he was found to have a pelvic collection necessitating an end colostomy. Histology confirmed complete Dukes B tumour excision with no evidence of lymph node metastases...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835623/gonorrhea-control-united-states-1972-2015-a-narrative-review
#6
Thomas A Peterman, Kevin O'Connor, Heather M Bradley, Elizabeth A Torrone, Kyle T Bernstein
Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported infection. It can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Rates of gonorrhea decreased after the National Gonorrhea Control Program began in 1972, but stabilized in the mid 1990s. The emergence of antimicrobial resistant strains increases the urgency for enhanced gonorrhea control efforts. To identify possible approaches for improving gonorrhea control, we reviewed historic protocols, reports, and other documents related to the activities of the National Gonorrhea Control Program using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention records and the published literature...
December 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771475/the-safety-of-intrauterine-devices-among-young-women-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Tara C Jatlaoui, Halley E M Riley, Kathryn M Curtis
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the association between use of intrauterine devices (IUDs) by young women and risk of adverse outcomes. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, CINAHL, Embase, Popline and the Cochrane Library for articles from inception of database through December 2015. For outcomes specific to IUD use (IUD expulsion and perforation), we examined effect measures for IUD users generally aged 25 years or younger compared with older IUD users. For outcomes of pregnancy, infection, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and heavy bleeding or anemia, we examined young IUD users compared with young users of other contraceptive methods or no method...
October 19, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743740/ct-guided-drainage-of-deep-pelvic-abscesses-via-a-percutaneous-presacral-space-approach-a-clinical-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Tao Peng, Liming Dong, Zhihua Zhu, Jing Cui, Qian Li, Xin Li, Heshui Wu, Chunyou Wang, Zhiyong Yang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Some deep pelvic abscesses are not accessible through anterior or lateral approaches because of the presence of organs and structures. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a percutaneous presacral space approach by reviewing our clinical experience and the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The outcomes of 12 patients, who have undergone computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous presacral space drainage, were retrospectively reviewed, including demographic, clinical, and morphological data in the medical records...
October 12, 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712641/anorectal-and-pelvic-pain
#9
REVIEW
Adil E Bharucha, Tae Hee Lee
Although pelvic pain is a symptom of several structural anorectal and pelvic disorders (eg, anal fissure, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease), this comprehensive review will focus on the 3 most common nonstructural, or functional, disorders associated with pelvic pain: functional anorectal pain (ie, levator ani syndrome, unspecified anorectal pain, and proctalgia fugax), interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome, and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. The first 2 conditions occur in both sexes, while the latter occurs only in men...
October 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704203/ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-for-ulcerative-colitis-a-canadian-institution-s-experience
#10
E Zittan, Grace W Ma, N Wong-Chong, R Milgrom, R S McLeod, M Silverberg, Z Cohen
BACKGROUND: We aimed to summarize the outcomes of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients receiving an ileal pouch-anal anastamosis (IPAA) over an 11-year period at a high-volume Canadian inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for subjects with UC who underwent IPAA between 2002 and 2013. Patient charts were reviewed for demographic data, clinical characteristics, preoperative medical treatment, and surgical outcomes...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646971/mdct-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-a-review-of-the-pathophysiology-gamut-of-imaging-findings-and-treatment
#11
James Spain, Matthew Rheinboldt
Representing an ascending, sexually spread pyogenic infection of the female genital tract, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a commonly encountered cause for emergency visits and hospitalizations among young and adult female patients. Though gynecologic evaluation and sonography constitute the mainstay of diagnosis, multidetector CT imaging of the abdomen and pelvis is not uncommonly performed, often as the initial imaging modality, due to the frequently vague and indeterminate clinical presentation. As such, knowledge and attenuation to the often subtle early imaging features of PID afford the radiologist a critical chance to direct and expedite appropriate pathways of patient care, minimizing the risk for secondary complications, including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and enteric adhesions...
September 19, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642583/retroperitoneal-anatomy-during-excision-of-pelvic-side-wall-endometriosis
#12
Julian A Gingold, Tommaso Falcone
Surgical management of endometriosis has been shown to improve dysmenorrhea at all disease stages and is recommended in severe disease for treatment of infertility. Deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) produces thick inflammatory tissue that precludes visualization of anatomical landmarks and distorts normal anatomy. Excision of DIE poses several technical and surgical challenges that mandate a clear understanding of the anatomy of the pelvic sidewall. This review details relevant surgical anatomy and addresses the principles of safe retroperitoneal entry, ureterolysis and excision of endometriotic lesions...
April 2016: Journal of Endometriosis and Pelvic Pain Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631251/gallium-spect-ct-in-evaluation-of-igg4-related-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Tzyy-Ling Chuang, Bao-Bao Hsu, Chen-Lin Chi, Yuh-Feng Wang
BACKGROUND: The clinical picture of IgG4-related sclerosing disease (IgG4-RSD) may mimic lymphoma, and should be in the differential diagnosis of patients with this clinical picture. CASE SUMMARY: A 32-year-old female had recurrent swelling of both eyelids for more than 15 years. Examination revealed elastic, firm, swollen lacrimal glands about 2-3 cm in diameter that was not painful. Head and orbits magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed mass lesions over the bilateral lacrimal glands, submandibular glands, and left foramen of ovale...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623210/screening-for-genital-chlamydia-infection
#14
Nicola Low, Shelagh Redmond, Anneli Uusküla, Jan van Bergen, Helen Ward, Berit Andersen, Hannelore Götz
BACKGROUND: Genital infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis are the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Screening of sexually active young adults to detect and treat asymptomatic infections might reduce chlamydia transmission and prevent reproductive tract morbidity, particularly pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, which can cause tubal infertility and ectopic pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects and safety of chlamydia screening versus standard care on chlamydia transmission and infection complications in pregnant and non-pregnant women and in men...
September 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605499/background-review-for-the-2016-european-guideline-on-mycoplasma-genitalium-infections
#15
J S Jensen, M Cusini, M Gomberg, H Moi
Mycoplasma genitalium is a cause of 10-35% of non-chlamydial non-gonococcal urethritis in men and in women, and is associated with cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Transmission of M. genitalium occurs through direct mucosal contact. In women, symptoms include vaginal discharge, dysuria or symptoms of PID - abdominal pain and dyspareunia. In men, urethritis, dysuria and discharge predominates. Asymptomatic infections are frequent. In this review, we present the evidence base for the recommendations in the 2016 European guideline on M...
September 7, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570141/a-review-of-intrauterine-contraception-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#16
Deborah Bateson, Sukho Kang, Helen Paterson, Kuldip Singh
BACKGROUND: Across the Asia-Pacific region, approximately 38% of pregnancies are unintended. Long-acting reversible contraception, such as intrauterine contraception (IUC), is effective in reducing unintended pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To review access to, uptake of, and influencing factors on IUC use in the Asia-Pacific region. METHODS: We searched PubMed and MEDLINE for articles published between 1990 and 2015. We identified and reviewed primary studies that examined the following points and were relevant to the Asia-Pacific region: available types and utilization rates of IUC and factors that influence these...
August 25, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553580/women-with-endometriosis-have-higher-comorbidities-analysis-of-domestic-data-in-taiwan
#17
Sen-Wen Teng, Huann-Cheng Horng, Chi-Hong Ho, Ming-Shyen Yen, Hsiang-Tai Chao, Peng-Hui Wang
Endometriosis, defined by the presence of viable extrauterine endometrial glands and stroma, can grow or bleed cyclically, and possesses characteristics including a destructive, invasive, and metastatic nature. Since endometriosis may result in pelvic inflammation, adhesion, chronic pain, and infertility, and can progress to biologically malignant tumors, it is a long-term major health issue in women of reproductive age. In this review, we analyze the Taiwan domestic research addressing associations between endometriosis and other diseases...
August 20, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484764/chinese-medicine-as-complementary-therapy-for-female-infertility
#18
Ju-Feng Xia, Yoshinori Inagaki, Jian-Feng Zhang, Ling Wang, Pei-Pei Song
Chinese medicine (CM) has been used in clinical treatment for thousands of years in China, Japan, Korea, and other countries. CM is at present attracting many attentions around the world for reproductive health care and disease prevention, including treatment of female infertility. This review focuses on the CM treatment for female infertility patients, and supplies a summary on the efficacy, safety, and mechanism of some Chinese herbal medicines, herbal medicine-derived active compounds, and acupuncture. A large number of researches have reported that CM could alleviate or even cure female infertility by regulating hormone, improving reproductive outcome of in vivo fertilization, affecting embryonic implantation, curing polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, relieving mental stress, and regulating immune system...
August 2, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476078/sensing-the-enemy-containing-the-threat-cell-autonomous-immunity-to-chlamydia-trachomatis
#19
Ryan Finethy, Jörn Coers
The bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis is the etiological agent of the most common sexually transmitted infection in North America and Europe. Medical complications resulting from genital C. trachomatis infections arise predominantly in women where the initial infections often remain asymptomatic and thus unrecognized. Untreated asymptomatic infections in women can ascend into the upper genital tract and establish persistence, ultimately resulting in extensive scarring of the reproductive organs, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility and ectopic pregnancies...
July 29, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413561/spontaneous-heterotopic-pregnancy-dual-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
Annika Chadee, Shadi Rezai, Catherine Kirby, Ekaterina Chadwick, Sri Gottimukkala, Abraham Hamaoui, Vasiliy Stankovich, Theodore Hale, Hamid Gilak, Mohammad Momtaz, Harvey Sasken, Cassandra E Henderson
Introduction. Heterotopic pregnancy is a rare complication usually seen in populations at risk for ectopic pregnancy or those undergoing fertility treatments. It is a potentially dangerous condition occurring in only 1 in 30,000 spontaneous pregnancies. With the advent of Assisted Reproduction Techniques (ART) and ovulation induction, the overall incidence of heterotopic pregnancy has risen to approximately 1 in 3,900 pregnancies. Other risk factors include a history of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), tubal damage, pelvic surgery, uterine Mullerian abnormalities, and prior tubal surgery...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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