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Pelvic inflammatory disease review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769280/molecular-diagnosis-of-bacterial-vaginosis-an-update
#1
Jenell S Coleman, Charlotte A Gaydos
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginal discharge in reproductive age women. BV has been associated with poor reproductive outcomes like preterm delivery, acquisition of sexually transmitted infections including HIV, and pelvic inflammatory disease. BV represents acquisition of a diverse community of anaerobic and facultative bacteria and a reduction in lactobacilli. It can be diagnosed using several tests ranging from clinical indicators, point-of-care tests, and molecular assays. Molecular technologies are objective, able to detect fastidious bacteria, allow quantitation, and are ideal for self-collected vaginal swabs...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723461/-related-immunologic-mechanisms-of-chronic-prostatitis-advances-in-studies
#2
REVIEW
Yi Liu, Xian-Guo Chen, Chao-Zhao Liang
Chronic prostatitis is a common male disease with a high incidence rate and a serious impact on the patients' quality of life. The pathogenesis of chronic prostatitis remains unclear though it is considered to be possibly related to infection, inflammation, and abnormal pelvic nerve muscle activity. Recently, a growing number of studies have reported immune imbalance and changes of inflammatory cytokines in patients with chronic prostatitis as well as a close correlation of abnormal immune response with the occurrence of diseases, pelvic pain symptoms, mental symptoms, hyperalgesia, and so on...
July 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686882/pyosalpinges-after-hysterosalpingography-in-a-patient-with-lower-genital-tract-infection-and-managed-by-laparoscopic-surgery-in-a-resource-low-tertiary-hospital-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Thomas Obinchemti Egbe, Fidelia Mbi Kobenge, Metogo Mbengono Junette Arlette, Eugene Belley-Priso
Background: Pyosalpinges (a complication of pelvic inflammatory disease) is infection of the fallopian tubes and the morbidity associated with it has major health implications. We are reporting a case of pyosalpinges diagnosed after hysterosalpingography and managed by laparoscopic surgery at the Douala General Hospital, Cameroon. Case presentation: A 29-year-old single woman, an assistant nurse of the Douala tribe in Cameroon. She is G1P0010 and came to our attention because of secondary infertility of three years duration...
2018: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680200/biological-feasibility-and-importance-of-a-gonorrhea-vaccine-for-global-public-health
#4
Leah R Vincent, Ann E Jerse
There is a growing public health interest in controlling sexually transmitted infections (STIs) through vaccination due to increasing recognition of the global disease burden of STIs and the role of STIs in women's reproductive health, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and the health and well-being of neonates. Neisseria gonorrhoeae has historically challenged vaccine development through the expression of phase and antigenically variable surface molecules and its capacity to cause repeated infections without inducing protective immunity...
April 18, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676872/-osteoarticular-tuberculosis-nosology-and-diagnostic-pitfalls
#5
C Kabore, M Poncin, B Hurtgen, F Moerman, M Moonen
Osteoarticular or skeletal tuberculosis is a clinical manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, occurring during the lympho-hematogenous spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from a pulmonary primary infection or reactivation of latent infection, years or even decades after the initial infection. Bone and joint tuberculosis is a rare disease with non-specific symptoms and radiological characteristics, often delaying diagnosis for more than a year after clinical onset. First-line hospital departments should develop a clinical suspicion when confronted with a subacute inflammatory bone or joint pathology in patients with underlying comorbidities, especially when coming from tuberculosis-endemic countries...
April 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627410/-intrauterine-device-and-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-myth-or-reality
#6
T Straub, M Reynaud, M Yaron
INTRODUCTION: Intrauterine device (IUD) is a reliable contraceptive method that is long term reversible, and well tolerated. Numerous studies prove its efficiency and report rare complications that are attributed to it. However, its use is limited due to fear that it can cause a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This is based on historical data on infections related to the "Dalkon Shield", which was removed from the market in 1974. METHOD: The analyzed articles were extracted from PUBMED database between 2000 and 2016...
April 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617576/current-understanding-on-pharmacokinetics-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-progestins-for-treating-pain-associated-to-endometriosis
#7
Fabio Barra, Carolina Scala, Simone Ferrero
Introduction Endometriosis is a chronic estrogen and progestogen responsive inflammatory disease associated with pain symptoms and infertility. The medical therapy of endometriosis aims to induce decidualization within the hormonally dependent ectopic endometrium, and it is often administered to ameliorate women' pain symptoms or to prevent post-surgical disease recurrence. A variety of progestins have been used in monotherapy for the medical management of women with endometriosis. Areas covered This review aims to offer the reader a complete overview of pharmacokinetic (PK) and clinical efficacy of progestins for the treatment of endometriosis...
April 4, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607792/nutritional-strategies-to-prevent-gastrointestinal-toxicity-during-pelvic-radiotherapy
#8
Linda J Wedlake
Radiotherapy-induced damage to non-cancerous gastrointestinal mucosa has effects on secretory and absorptive functions and can interfere with normal gastrointestinal physiology. Nutrient absorption and digestion may be compromised. Dietary manipulation is an attractive option with sound rationale for intervention. The aim of this review was to synthesise published evidence for the use of elemental formulae, low or modified fat diets, fibre, lactose restriction and probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics to protect the bowel from gastrointestinal side effects during long-course, radical pelvic radiotherapy...
April 2, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595670/acupuncture-for-chronic-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Ying Cheng, Youcai Yuan, Yuhao Jin, Na Xu, Taipin Guo
BACKGROUND: Chronic pelvic inflammation disease (PID) is a difficult-to-treat gynecological disorder with complex etiologies. Acupuncture has been applied widely for treating chronic pelvic inflammation or chronic pelvic pain symptoms in China. The aim of this review is to undertake a systematic review to estimate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture on chronic PID. METHODS: A literature search will be conducted electronically with date up to October 2018 in MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EBASE, and CNKI databases, using combination subject terms of chronic pelvic pain (or chronic pelvic inflammation, and chronic pelvic pain symptoms, etc...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589403/imaging-in-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#10
N Possemato, C Salvarani, N Pipitone
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a chronic, inflammatory disorder of unknown cause clinically characterized by pain and prolonged morning stiffness affecting the shoulders and often the pelvic girdle and neck. Imaging has substantially contributed to defining PMR as a disease mainly involving extra-articular structures. This review article analyses the role of the different imaging techniques in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with PMR with particular emphasis on the role of ultrasound, PET/CT and MRI...
March 27, 2018: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575959/pharmacological-management-of-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome-and-the-role-cyclosporine-and-other-immunomodulating-drugs-play
#11
Teruyuki Ogawa, Osamu Ishizuka, Tomohiro Ueda, Pradeep Tyagi, Michael B Chancellor, Naoki Yoshimura
Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a symptomatic disorder characterized by pelvic pain and urinary frequency. Immunological responses are considered as one of the possible etiologies of IC/BPS. In this review, we focused on emerging targets, especially on those modulating immunological mechanisms for the treatments of IC/BPS. Area covered: This review was based on the literature search of PubMed/MEDLINE, for which key words following bladder pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and/or cyclosporine A (CyA) were used...
April 9, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558895/fitz-hugh-curtis-syndrome-associated-with-tuberculous-salpingitis-and-peritonitis-a-case-presentation-and-review-of-literature
#12
Laura Coremans, Frederik de Clerck
BACKGROUND: Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome or acute perihepatitis is considered a rare complication of pelvic inflammatory disease, mostly associated with chlamydial or gonococcal salpingitis. Peritoneal tuberculosis is a rare site of extra-pulmonary infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Infection usually occurs after reactivation of latent tuberculous foci in the peritoneum and more seldom after contiguous spread from tuberculous salpingitis. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 21-year old female of Somalian origin diagnosed with Fitz-Hugh Curtis syndrome associated with tuberculous salpingitis and peritonitis, presenting with new onset ascites...
March 20, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465704/gonococcal-and-chlamydial-cases-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-at-2-canadian-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinics-2004-to-2014-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-review
#13
Justin Z Chen, Jennifer Gratrix, Petra Smyczek, Penny Parker, Ron Read, Ameeta E Singh
One hundred thirteen patients with gonococcal and chlamydial pelvic inflammatory disease were reviewed at 2 Canadian sexually transmitted infection clinics. Most patients (81%) with pelvic inflammatory disease were diagnosed as having chlamydia alone. Three treatment failures were seen in patients treated with ofloxacin.
April 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459133/screening-for-mullerian-anomalies-in-patients-with-unilateral-renal-agenesis-leveraging-early-detection-to-prevent-complications
#14
M Alexandra Friedman, Liza Aguilar, Quetrell Heyward, Carol Wheeler, Anthony Caldamone
BACKGROUND: Mullerian anomalies have a known association with renal agenesis yet, to date, there are no formal recommendations for screening women with certain renal anomalies for associated genital tract disorders. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review current data regarding the association between renal and Mullerian anomalies, and propose screening recommendations. STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to identify relevant articles using the keywords "unilateral renal agenesis," "renal anomalies," and "Mullerian anomalies...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452257/microbiota-changes-impact-on-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-the-development-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#15
Nathalie Loeper, Simon Graspeuntner, Jan Rupp
The integrity of the human urogenital microbiome is crucial for women's health and well-being. An imbalance of the urogenital microbiota increases the risk for sexually transmitted infections. In this review, we discuss the microbiota composition of the female urogenital tract and its role in protecting from sexually transmitted infections and the emergence of pelvic inflammatory disease.
February 13, 2018: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382460/management-of-iatrogenic-urorectal-fistulae-in-men-with-pelvic-cancer
#16
Francisco E Martins, Natália M Martins, Luís Campos Pinheiro, Luís Ferraz, Luís Xambre, Tomé M Lopes
INTRODUCTION: Urorectal fistula (URF) is a devastating complication of pelvic cancer treatments and a surgical challenge for the reconstructive surgeon. We report a series of male patients with URF resulting from pelvic cancer treatments, specifically prostate (PCa), bladder (BCa), and rectal cancer (RCa), and explore the differences and impact on outcomes between purely surgical and non-surgical treatment modalities. METHODS: Between October 2008 and June 2015, 15 male patients, aged 59-78 years (mean 67), with URF induced by pelvic cancer treatments were identified in our institutions...
September 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382248/future-of-human-chlamydia-vaccine-potential-of-self-adjuvanting-biodegradable-nanoparticles-as-safe-vaccine-delivery-vehicles
#17
Rajnish Sahu, Richa Verma, Saurabh Dixit, Joseph U Igietseme, Carolyn M Black, Skyla Duncan, Shree R Singh, Vida A Dennis
There is a persisting global burden and considerable public health challenge by the plethora of ocular, genital and respiratory diseases caused by members of the Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Chlamydia. The major diseases are conjunctivitis and blinding trachoma, non-gonococcal urethritis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, tubal factor infertility, and interstitial pneumonia. The failures in screening and other prevention programs led to the current medical opinion that an efficacious prophylactic vaccine is the best approach to protect humans from chlamydial infections...
March 2018: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376610/-the-role-of-stress-induced-chronic-subclinical-inflammation-in-the-pathogenesis-of-the-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-iiib-in-men
#18
REVIEW
I S Shormanov, I I Mozhaev, Kh A Sokolova, A S Solovev
This literature review of recent clinical and experimental studies describes the role of oxidative stress in the multifactorial and interdisciplinary pathogenesis of non-inflammatory chronic pelvic pain syndrome IIIB (CPPS-IIIB) in men. The authors outline general biological nature of oxidative stress and its mechanisms. More detailed information is presented on cytokine-mediated chronic subclinical inflammation, one of the key mechanisms of oxidative stress, which is currently being actively studied. It is shown that the imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines observed in patients with CPPS-IIIB can explain some features of the clinical course (in particular, the characteristics of the pain syndrome) and the progression of this disease...
December 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356877/cervical-cancer-induction-enhancement-potential-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Safae Karim, Tiatou Souho, Mohamed Benlemlih, Bahia Bennani
Human papillomavirus (HPV) persistent infection is the necessary but not sufficient cause of cervical cancer. Other co-factors are required to induce cell transformation that will evolve to malignant cervical cancer. These co-factors include physical elements, other sexually transmitted infections, and immune response. Chlamydia trachomatis the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection is often asymptomatic but causes various syndromes such as cervicitis, endometritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and infertility...
January 22, 2018: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320327/atypical-sites-of-deeply-infiltrative-endometriosis-clinical-characteristics-and-imaging-findings
#20
Luciana P Chamié, Duarte Miguel Ferreira Rodrigues Ribeiro, Dario A Tiferes, Augusto Cesar de Macedo Neto, Paulo C Serafini
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue that is located outside the uterine cavity and associated with fibrosis and inflammatory reaction. It is a polymorphic and multifocal disease with no known cure or preventive mechanisms. Patients may be asymptomatic or may experience chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, or infertility. The pelvic cavity is the most common location for endometriotic implants, which usually affect the retrocervical space, ovaries, vagina, rectosigmoid colon, bladder dome, and round ligaments...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
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