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Pelvic inflammatory disease review

Laura Coremans, Frederik de Clerck
BACKGROUND: Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome or acute perihepatitis is considered a rare complication of pelvic inflammatory disease, mostly associated with chlamydial or gonococcal salpingitis. Peritoneal tuberculosis is a rare site of extra-pulmonary infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Infection usually occurs after reactivation of latent tuberculous foci in the peritoneum and more seldom after contiguous spread from tuberculous salpingitis. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 21-year old female of Somalian origin diagnosed with Fitz-Hugh Curtis syndrome associated with tuberculous salpingitis and peritonitis, presenting with new onset ascites...
March 20, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Justin Z Chen, Jennifer Gratrix, Petra Smyczek, Penny Parker, Ron Read, Ameeta E Singh
One hundred and thirteen patients with gonococcal (NG) and chlamydial (CT) PID were reviewed at two Canadian STI clinics. The majority (81%) of patients with PID were diagnosed with CT alone. Three treatment failures (TF) were seen in patients treated with ofloxacin.
October 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
M Alexandra Friedman, Liza Aguilar, Quetrell Heyward, Carol Wheeler, Anthony Caldamone
BACKGROUND: Mullerian anomalies have a known association with renal agenesis yet, to date, there are no formal recommendations for screening women with certain renal anomalies for associated genital tract disorders. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review current data regarding the association between renal and Mullerian anomalies, and propose screening recommendations. STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to identify relevant articles using the keywords "unilateral renal agenesis," "renal anomalies," and "Mullerian anomalies...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Nathalie Loeper, Simon Graspeuntner, Jan Rupp
The integrity of the human urogenital microbiome is crucial for women's health and well-being. An imbalance of the urogenital microbiota increases the risk for sexually transmitted infections. In this review, we discuss the microbiota composition of the female urogenital tract and its role in protecting from sexually transmitted infections and the emergence of pelvic inflammatory disease.
February 13, 2018: Microbes and Infection
Francisco E Martins, Natália M Martins, Luís Campos Pinheiro, Luís Ferraz, Luís Xambre, Tomé M Lopes
INTRODUCTION: Urorectal fistula (URF) is a devastating complication of pelvic cancer treatments and a surgical challenge for the reconstructive surgeon. We report a series of male patients with URF resulting from pelvic cancer treatments, specifically prostate (PCa), bladder (BCa), and rectal cancer (RCa), and explore the differences and impact on outcomes between purely surgical and non-surgical treatment modalities. METHODS: Between October 2008 and June 2015, 15 male patients, aged 59-78 years (mean 67), with URF induced by pelvic cancer treatments were identified in our institutions...
September 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Rajnish Sahu, Richa Verma, Saurabh Dixit, Joseph U Igietseme, Carolyn M Black, Skyla Duncan, Shree R Singh, Vida A Dennis
There is a persisting global burden and considerable public health challenge by the plethora of ocular, genital and respiratory diseases caused by members of the Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Chlamydia. The major diseases are conjunctivitis and blinding trachoma, non-gonococcal urethritis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, tubal factor infertility, and interstitial pneumonia. The failures in screening and other prevention programs led to the current medical opinion that an efficacious prophylactic vaccine is the best approach to protect humans from chlamydial infections...
March 2018: Expert Review of Vaccines
I S Shormanov, I I Mozhaev, Kh A Sokolova, A S Solovev
This literature review of recent clinical and experimental studies describes the role of oxidative stress in the multifactorial and interdisciplinary pathogenesis of non-inflammatory chronic pelvic pain syndrome IIIB (CPPS-IIIB) in men. The authors outline general biological nature of oxidative stress and its mechanisms. More detailed information is presented on cytokine-mediated chronic subclinical inflammation, one of the key mechanisms of oxidative stress, which is currently being actively studied. It is shown that the imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines observed in patients with CPPS-IIIB can explain some features of the clinical course (in particular, the characteristics of the pain syndrome) and the progression of this disease...
December 2017: Urologii︠a︡
Safae Karim, Tiatou Souho, Mohamed Benlemlih, Bahia Bennani
Human papillomavirus (HPV) persistent infection is the necessary but not sufficient cause of cervical cancer. Other co-factors are required to induce cell transformation that will evolve to malignant cervical cancer. These co-factors include physical elements, other sexually transmitted infections, and immune response. Chlamydia trachomatis the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection is often asymptomatic but causes various syndromes such as cervicitis, endometritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and infertility...
January 22, 2018: Current Microbiology
Luciana P Chamié, Duarte Miguel Ferreira Rodrigues Ribeiro, Dario A Tiferes, Augusto Cesar de Macedo Neto, Paulo C Serafini
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue that is located outside the uterine cavity and associated with fibrosis and inflammatory reaction. It is a polymorphic and multifocal disease with no known cure or preventive mechanisms. Patients may be asymptomatic or may experience chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, or infertility. The pelvic cavity is the most common location for endometriotic implants, which usually affect the retrocervical space, ovaries, vagina, rectosigmoid colon, bladder dome, and round ligaments...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Manish Kiran, Saffwan Mohamed, Ashley Newton, Harvey George, Neeraj Garg, Colin Bruce
AIMS: We present the largest series of paediatric pelvic pyomyositis from a temperate country, analyse the factors influencing long term prognosis and suggest a diagnostic protocol. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We included 41 patients diagnosed with primary paediatric pelvic pyomyositis between 1998 and 2016, in this study with a mean age of 7.5 years. Demographic, clinical, radiological and follow-up data were reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed to analyse the influence of early diagnosis and treatment on the final outcome...
December 30, 2017: International Orthopaedics
Roberto Matorras, Kristian Rubio, María Iglesias, Itziar Vara, Antonia Expósito
The aim of this study was to ascertain the incidence of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) after intrauterine insemination (IUI). A systematic review was conducted using three different approaches: a search of IUI registries; a search of published meta-analyses; and a search of prospective randomized trials. Search terms were 'IUI', 'complications', 'infection' and 'PID'. Two IUI registers were identified that met the inclusion criteria, totalling 365,874 cycles, with 57 PID cases being reported. The post-IUI PID rate was 0...
November 24, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Darío A Rueda, Luisina Aballay, Lisandro Orbea, Diego A Carrozza, Paola Finocchietto, Silvia B Hernandez, Mariano M Volpacchio, Horacio di Fonzo
BACKGROUND Fitz-Hugh-Curtis (FHC) syndrome is a perihepatitis linked to inflammatory pelvic disease. It can be caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis infections. FHC syndrome usually presents with pain in the right hypochondrium and fever, associated with symptoms and signs of pelvic infection in women. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 22-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) who presented with polyarthritis, cutaneous lesions, and abdominal pain. The diagnosis of FHC syndrome was based on the findings of abdominal computerized tomography (CT) and the isolation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) in blood cultures...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
Luke Grundy, Stuart M Brierley
Chronic abdominal and pelvic pain are common, debilitating clinical conditions experienced by millions of patients around the globe. The origin of such pain commonly arises from the intestine and bladder, which share common primary roles; the collection, storage and expulsion of waste. These visceral organs are located in close proximity to one another, and also share common innervation from spinal afferent pathways. Chronic abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhoea are primary symptoms for patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) or Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Li-Shuang Zhang, Feng-Wen Yang, Jun-Hua Zhang, Wen-Ke Zheng, Ming-Yan Zhang, Yue Li, Hong-Jie Zhao
This systematic review aims to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Guizhi Fuling Capsule/Pill on the treatment of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease. We searched CNKI datebases,WanFang,SinoMed,PubMed,Embase,The Cochrane Library from the inception to February 2017,to collect randomized controlled trials(RCTs)of Guizhi Fuling Capsule/Pill in treating chronic pelvic inflammation disease.Two reviewers independently screened literature,extracted date and assessed the risk of bias of included studies...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Gennaro Scutiero, Piergiorgio Iannone, Giulia Bernardi, Gloria Bonaccorsi, Savino Spadaro, Carlo Alberto Volta, Pantaleo Greco, Luigi Nappi
Endometriosis is one of the most common gynaecologic diseases in women of reproductive age. It is characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. The women affected suffer from pelvic pain and infertility. The complex etiology is still unclear and it is based on three main theories: retrograde menstruation, coelomic metaplasia, and induction theory. Genetics and epigenetics also play a role in the development of endometriosis. Recent studies have put the attention on the role of oxidative stress, defined as an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants, which may be implicated in the pathophysiology of endometriosis causing a general inflammatory response in the peritoneal cavity...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Jacqueline S Stevens, Alison K Criss
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Gonorrhea is a major global health concern, caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The main clinical feature of acute gonorrhea is neutrophilic influx that is unable to clear infection. Women of reproductive age are predominantly at risk for serious sequelae of gonorrhea, including pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. This review will highlight how neutrophils are recruited to the female reproductive tract (FRT) in response to N. gonorrhoeae, how N...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Hematology
Keunyoung Kim, Seong-Jang Kim, Sang H Song, In-Joo Kim, Kyoungjune Pak, So J Kim, Senghyeon Shin, Bum S Kim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the factors contributing toward diffusely increased renal uptake on bone scintigraphy using technetium-99m (Tc-99m) diphosphono-propanedicarboxylic acid (DPD) in patients with end-stage renal disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One-hundred and forty-three bone scintigraphies, performed between June 2007 and July 2013, in 135 patients with chronic kidney disease were analyzed retrospectively, including 22 bone scintigraphies (15 patients; eight women; seven men) with glomerular filtration rates less than 15 ml/min/1...
December 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Marina A S Daniele, John Cleland, Lenka Benova, Moazzam Ali
BACKGROUND: Intra-uterine contraception (IUC) involves the use of an intra-uterine device (IUD), a highly effective, long-acting, reversible contraceptive method. Historically, the popularity of IUC has waxed and waned across different world regions, due to policy choices and shifts in public opinion. However, despite its advantages and cost-effectiveness for programmes, IUC's contribution to contraceptive prevalence is currently negligible in many countries. This paper presents the results of a systematic review of the global literature on provider and lay perspectives on IUC...
September 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
Giuseppe L Banna, Francesco Torino, Francesco Marletta, Maria Santagati, Rossella Salemi, Elisa Cannarozzo, Luca Falzone, Francesco Ferraù, Massimo Libra
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the western world. In the era of precision medicine, a significant number of cancer patients can be cured with several anti-cancer therapeutic regimens. However, therapy failure may be caused by treatment side effects, such as diarrhea, especially occurring in patients with gastrointestinal or pelvic malignancies. In particular, diarrhea is one of the most frequent gastrointestinal toxicity during cancer treatment and it can result from nearly bot chemo- and radio-therapeutic strategies currently used...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Kim El Hentour, Ingrid Millet, Emmanuelle Pages-Bouic, Fernanda Curros-Doyon, Nicolas Molinari, Patrice Taourel
PURPOSE: To construct a decision tree based on CT findings to differentiate acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) from acute appendicitis (AA) in women with lower abdominal pain and inflammatory syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review board and informed consent was waived. Contrast-enhanced CT studies of 109 women with acute PID and 218 age-matched women with AA were retrospectively and independently reviewed by two radiologists to identify CT findings predictive of PID or AA...
February 2018: European Radiology
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