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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808837/a-multiparticulate-delivery-system-for-potential-colonic-targeting-using-bovine-serum-albumin-as-a-model-protein
#1
Bowen Jiang, Hua Yu, Yongrong Zhang, Hanping Feng, Stephen W Hoag
PURPOSE: There are many important diseases whose treatment could be improved by delivering a therapeutic protein to the colon, for example, Clostridium difficile infection, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's Disease. The goal of this project was to investigate the feasibility of colonic delivery of proteins using multiparticulate beads. METHODS: In this work, bovine serum albumin (BSA) was adopted as a model protein. BSA was spray layered onto beads, followed by coating of an enteric polymer EUDRAGIT® FS 30 D to develop a colonic delivery system...
August 14, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806192/micrornas-as-biomarkers-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Alexa Wonnacott, Timothy Bowen, Donald J Fraser
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent data supporting the concept that urinary microRNAs are a useful new class of biomarker. They may improve capacity to stratify patients with chronic kidney disease according to risk of progression, and may also inform about response to therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: MicroRNAs are present, stable and readily quantifiable in tissues and body fluids, including urine, and have widespread importance as regulators in the kidney...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802411/the-minipig-as-an-animal-model-to-study-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-and-natural-transmission
#3
Laylaa Ramos, Andres Obregon-Henao, Marcela Henao-Tamayo, Richard Bowen, Joan K Lunney, Mercedes Gonzalez-Juarrero
In endemic countries more than 20% of tuberculosis (TB) cases are in infants and children. Current animal models study TB during adulthood but animal models for infant TB are scarce. Here we propose that minipigs can be used as an animal model to study adult, adolescent and infant TB including natural transmission. In these studies, two-month old minipigs (representing infant age in humans) and six-month old minipigs (representing adolescence in humans) were infected via the aerosol route with hyper-virulent clinical strain W-Beijing Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) HN878 and were monitored for 11 or 36 weeks post-challenge, respectively...
September 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800031/risk-factors-for-development-of-melanoma-brain-metastasis-and-disease-progression-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis
#4
Laura J Gardner, Morgan Ward, Robert H I Andtbacka, Kenneth M Boucher, Glen M Bowen, Tawnya L Bowles, Adam L Cohen, Kenneth Grossmann, Ying J Hitchcock, Sheri L Holmen, John Hyngstrom, Hung Khong, Martin McMahon, Marcus M Monroe, Carolyn B Ross, Gita Suneja, David Wada, Douglas Grossman
Melanoma metastasis to the brain is associated with a poor prognosis. We sought to determine patient demographics and primary tumor factors associated with the development of brain metastasis (BM) and survival. We also investigated whether the BM detection setting (routine screening vs. symptomatic presentation) affected clinical outcomes. A database of melanoma patients seen from 1999 to 2015 at our institution was reviewed to identify patients who developed BM. Patients with BM were matched by initial stage with patients who did not develop BM as a control group...
August 10, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776197/long-term-exposure-of-immortalized-keratinocytes-to-arsenic-induces-emt-impairs-differentiation-in-organotypic-skin-models-and-mimics-aspects-of-human-skin-derangements
#5
R Weinmuellner, K Kryeziu, B Zbiral, K Tav, B Schoenhacker-Alte, D Groza, L Wimmer, M Schosserer, F Nagelreiter, S Rösinger, M Mildner, E Tschachler, M Grusch, J Grillari, P Heffeter
Arsenic is one of the most important human carcinogens and environmental pollutants. However, the evaluation of the underlying carcinogenic mechanisms is challenging due to the lack of suitable in vivo and in vitro models, as distinct interspecies differences in arsenic metabolism exist. Thus, it is of high interest to develop new experimental models of arsenic-induced skin tumorigenesis in humans. Consequently, aim of this study was to establish an advanced 3D model for the investigation of arsenic-induced skin derangements, namely skin equivalents, built from immortalized human keratinocytes (NHEK/SVTERT3-5)...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767028/-the-dutch-college-of-general-practitioners-practice-guideline-suspicious-skin-lesions
#6
Z Damen-van Beek, W Opstelten
- The Dutch College of General Practitioners practice guideline 'Suspicious skin lesions' provides recommendations for diagnosis, treatment and referral for the most common premalignant and malignant skin disorders.- The practice guideline includes a flowchart which starts by looking at the colour and surface of the skin lesion to direct the general practitioner to the most likely diagnosis.- In case of strong suspicion of squamous cell carcinoma, keratoacanthoma or melanoma and in case of basal cell carcinoma or Bowen's disease with high-risk characteristics, the general practitioner will refer the patient to a dermatologist...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765975/contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-improves-the-diagnostic-specificity-for-gallbladder-confined-focal-tumors
#7
Bowen Zhuang, Wei Li, Wei Wang, Manxia Lin, Ming Xu, Xiaoyan Xie, Mingde Lu, Xiaohua Xie
PURPOSE: To investigate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of malignant and benign focal gallbladder diseases confined to the gallbladder wall. METHODS: From July 2006 to May 2016, 88 patients (mean age 48.8 years; age range 18-77 years) were enrolled. All patients had focal gallbladder lesions confined to the gallbladder wall according to CEUS examination. The conventional ultrasound and CEUS characteristics of the lesions were evaluated, and diagnostic performance was evaluated via receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis...
August 1, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765241/a-multicenter-nominal-group-study-to-rank-outcomes-important-to-patients-and-their-representation-in-existing-composite-outcome-measures-for-psoriatic-arthritis
#8
William Tillett, Emma Dures, Sarah Hewlett, Philip S Helliwell, Oliver FitzGerald, Melanie Brooke, Jana James, Jane Lord, Clive Bowen, Martin de Wit, Ana-Maria Orbai, Neil McHugh
OBJECTIVE: To rank outcomes identified as important to patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and examine their representation in existing composite measures. METHODS: Seven nominal group technique (NGT) meetings took place at 4 hospital sites. Two sorting rounds were conducted to generate a shortlist of outcomes followed by a group discussion and final ranking. In the final ranking round, patients were given 15 points each and asked to rank their top 5 outcomes from the shortlist...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761963/photodynamic-therapy-influence-of-clinical-and-procedure-variables-on-treatment-response-in-basal-cell-carcinoma-and-bowen-disease
#9
Tamara Gracia-Cazaña, Marta Mascaraque, Nerea Salazar, Jesús Vera-Álvarez, María Pilar Frías, Salvador González, Ángeles Juarranz, Yolanda Gilaberte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761314/a-case-of-bowen-s-disease-successfully-treated-with-ingenol-mebutate-gel
#10
Je-Byeong Chae, Jung-Tae Park, Bo-Ri Kim, Chang-Hun Huh, Kyoung-Chan Park, Jung-Won Shin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761300/lobulated-bowen-s-disease-with-a-clear-cell-change
#11
Dong Yoon Lee, Ki Hwa Choi, Su Hyun Park, Ji Yeoun Lee, Tae Young Yoon
Bowen's disease usually manifests as a slowly enlarging erythematous scaly patch or plaque. An uncommon variant of Bowen's disease showing a verrucous appearance has been reported and a distinct variant with a prominent clear cell change on histopathology, in addition to a verrucous surface change, was also reported. We describe novel form of Bowen's disease having a cerebriform appearance and showing histopathologically a significant clear cell change and propose that the clinical term "lobulated Bowen's disease" would be compatible for the description of this unique clinical variant...
August 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752147/giant-neglected-bowen-s-disease-lesion-treated-successfully-with-topical-5-fluorouracil
#12
Emin Ozlu, Ragıp Ertas, Kemal Ozyurt, Yucel Tekin, Mustafa Atasoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749373/dosimetric-evaluation-of-a-commercial-proton-spot-scanning-monte-carlo-dose-algorithm-comparisons-against-measurements-and-simulations
#13
Jatinder Saini, Dominic Maes, Alexander Egan, Stephen R Bowen, Sara St James, Martin Janson, Tony Wong, Charles Bloch
RaySearch Americas Inc. (NY) has introduced a commercial Monte Carlo dose algorithm (RS-MC) for routine clinical use in proton spot scanning. In this report, we provide a validation of this algorithm against phantom measurements and simulations in GATE/GEANT4 software package. We also compared the performance of RayStation analytical algorithm (RS-PBA) against the RS-MC algorithm. Methods: A beam model (G-MC) for spot scanning gantry at our proton center was implemented in the GATE software package. The model was validated against measurements in a water phantom and was used for benchmarking the RS-MC...
July 27, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744948/a-subset-of-high-gleason-grade-prostate-carcinomas-contain-a-large-burden-of-prostate-cancer-syndecan-1-positive-stromal-cells
#14
Benjamin Sharpe, Dhafer A Alghezi, Claire Cattermole, Mark Beresford, Rebecca Bowen, John Mitchard, Andrew D Chalmers
BACKGROUND: There is a pressing need to identify prognostic and predictive biomarkers for prostate cancer to aid treatment decisions in both early and advanced disease settings. Syndecan-1, a heparan sulfate proteoglycan, has been previously identified as a potential prognostic biomarker by multiple studies at the tissue and serum level. However, other studies have questioned its utility. METHODS: Anti-Syndecan-1 immunohistochemistry was carried out on 157 prostate tissue samples (including cancerous, adjacent normal tissue, and non-diseased prostate) from three independent cohorts of patients...
July 26, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729192/butyrylcholinesterase-knockout-reduces-fibrillar-%C3%AE-amyloid-and-conserves-18-fdg-retention-in-5xfad-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
D R DeBay, G A Reid, I R Macdonald, G Mawko, S Burrell, E Martin, C V Bowen, S Darvesh
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder causing dementia. One hallmark of the AD brain is the deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques. AD is also a state of cholinergic dysfunction and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) associates with Aβ pathology. A transgenic mouse (5XFAD) is an aggressive amyloidosis model, producing Aβ plaques of which BChE also associates. A derived strain (5XFAD/BChE-KO), with the BChE gene knocked out, has significantly lower fibrillar Aβ than 5XFAD mice at the same age...
July 17, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719756/medialization-laryngoplasty-in-the-elderly-outcomes-and-expectations
#16
Andrew Jay Bowen, Tiffany L Huang, Michael S Benninger, Paul C Bryson
Objective To describe the profile and outcomes of elderly patients undergoing medialization laryngoplasty for vocal cord paralysis. Study Design Case series with retrospective review. Setting Tertiary care hospital. Subjects and Methods Patients were included in the study if they were >65 years old at the time of medialization laryngoplasty between 2008 and 2015. Patient comorbidities, anticoagulation status, disease etiology, and physical examination findings were recorded with postoperative length of stay, complications, pre- and posttreatment voice outcomes with the Voice Handicap Index (at 6 weeks, 4 months, 8 months, and 1 year), and postprocedural interventions (revision injections, surgery, therapy)...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714976/rare-coding-variants-in-plcg2-abi3-and-trem2-implicate-microglial-mediated-innate-immunity-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Rebecca Sims, Sven J van der Lee, Adam C Naj, Céline Bellenguez, Nandini Badarinarayan, Johanna Jakobsdottir, Brian W Kunkle, Anne Boland, Rachel Raybould, Joshua C Bis, Eden R Martin, Benjamin Grenier-Boley, Stefanie Heilmann-Heimbach, Vincent Chouraki, Amanda B Kuzma, Kristel Sleegers, Maria Vronskaya, Agustin Ruiz, Robert R Graham, Robert Olaso, Per Hoffmann, Megan L Grove, Badri N Vardarajan, Mikko Hiltunen, Markus M Nöthen, Charles C White, Kara L Hamilton-Nelson, Jacques Epelbaum, Wolfgang Maier, Seung-Hoan Choi, Gary W Beecham, Cécile Dulary, Stefan Herms, Albert V Smith, Cory C Funk, Céline Derbois, Andreas J Forstner, Shahzad Ahmad, Hongdong Li, Delphine Bacq, Denise Harold, Claudia L Satizabal, Otto Valladares, Alessio Squassina, Rhodri Thomas, Jennifer A Brody, Liming Qu, Pascual Sánchez-Juan, Taniesha Morgan, Frank J Wolters, Yi Zhao, Florentino Sanchez Garcia, Nicola Denning, Myriam Fornage, John Malamon, Maria Candida Deniz Naranjo, Elisa Majounie, Thomas H Mosley, Beth Dombroski, David Wallon, Michelle K Lupton, Josée Dupuis, Patrice Whitehead, Laura Fratiglioni, Christopher Medway, Xueqiu Jian, Shubhabrata Mukherjee, Lina Keller, Kristelle Brown, Honghuang Lin, Laura B Cantwell, Francesco Panza, Bernadette McGuinness, Sonia Moreno-Grau, Jeremy D Burgess, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Petra Proitsi, Hieab H Adams, Mariet Allen, Davide Seripa, Pau Pastor, L Adrienne Cupples, Nathan D Price, Didier Hannequin, Ana Frank-García, Daniel Levy, Paramita Chakrabarty, Paolo Caffarra, Ina Giegling, Alexa S Beiser, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Harald Hampel, Melissa E Garcia, Xue Wang, Lars Lannfelt, Patrizia Mecocci, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Paul K Crane, Florence Pasquier, Virginia Boccardi, Isabel Henández, Robert C Barber, Martin Scherer, Lluis Tarraga, Perrie M Adams, Markus Leber, Yuning Chen, Marilyn S Albert, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Valur Emilsson, Duane Beekly, Anne Braae, Reinhold Schmidt, Deborah Blacker, Carlo Masullo, Helena Schmidt, Rachelle S Doody, Gianfranco Spalletta, W T Longstreth Jr, Thomas J Fairchild, Paola Bossù, Oscar L Lopez, Matthew P Frosch, Eleonora Sacchinelli, Bernardino Ghetti, Qiong Yang, Ryan M Huebinger, Frank Jessen, Shuo Li, M Ilyas Kamboh, John Morris, Oscar Sotolongo-Grau, Mindy J Katz, Chris Corcoran, Melanie Dunstan, Amy Braddel, Charlene Thomas, Alun Meggy, Rachel Marshall, Amy Gerrish, Jade Chapman, Miquel Aguilar, Sarah Taylor, Matt Hill, Mònica Díez Fairén, Angela Hodges, Bruno Vellas, Hilkka Soininen, Iwona Kloszewska, Makrina Daniilidou, James Uphill, Yogen Patel, Joseph T Hughes, Jenny Lord, James Turton, Annette M Hartmann, Roberta Cecchetti, Chiara Fenoglio, Maria Serpente, Marina Arcaro, Carlo Caltagirone, Maria Donata Orfei, Antonio Ciaramella, Sabrina Pichler, Manuel Mayhaus, Wei Gu, Alberto Lleó, Juan Fortea, Rafael Blesa, Imelda S Barber, Keeley Brookes, Chiara Cupidi, Raffaele Giovanni Maletta, David Carrell, Sandro Sorbi, Susanne Moebus, Maria Urbano, Alberto Pilotto, Johannes Kornhuber, Paolo Bosco, Stephen Todd, David Craig, Janet Johnston, Michael Gill, Brian Lawlor, Aoibhinn Lynch, Nick C Fox, John Hardy, Roger L Albin, Liana G Apostolova, Steven E Arnold, Sanjay Asthana, Craig S Atwood, Clinton T Baldwin, Lisa L Barnes, Sandra Barral, Thomas G Beach, James T Becker, Eileen H Bigio, Thomas D Bird, Bradley F Boeve, James D Bowen, Adam Boxer, James R Burke, Jeffrey M Burns, Joseph D Buxbaum, Nigel J Cairns, Chuanhai Cao, Chris S Carlson, Cynthia M Carlsson, Regina M Carney, Minerva M Carrasquillo, Steven L Carroll, Carolina Ceballos Diaz, Helena C Chui, David G Clark, David H Cribbs, Elizabeth A Crocco, Charles DeCarli, Malcolm Dick, Ranjan Duara, Denis A Evans, Kelley M Faber, Kenneth B Fallon, David W Fardo, Martin R Farlow, Steven Ferris, Tatiana M Foroud, Douglas R Galasko, Marla Gearing, Daniel H Geschwind, John R Gilbert, Neill R Graff-Radford, Robert C Green, John H Growdon, Ronald L Hamilton, Lindy E Harrell, Lawrence S Honig, Matthew J Huentelman, Christine M Hulette, Bradley T Hyman, Gail P Jarvik, Erin Abner, Lee-Way Jin, Gyungah Jun, Anna Karydas, Jeffrey A Kaye, Ronald Kim, Neil W Kowall, Joel H Kramer, Frank M LaFerla, James J Lah, James B Leverenz, Allan I Levey, Ge Li, Andrew P Lieberman, Kathryn L Lunetta, Constantine G Lyketsos, Daniel C Marson, Frank Martiniuk, Deborah C Mash, Eliezer Masliah, Wayne C McCormick, Susan M McCurry, Andrew N McDavid, Ann C McKee, Marsel Mesulam, Bruce L Miller, Carol A Miller, Joshua W Miller, John C Morris, Jill R Murrell, Amanda J Myers, Sid O'Bryant, John M Olichney, Vernon S Pankratz, Joseph E Parisi, Henry L Paulson, William Perry, Elaine Peskind, Aimee Pierce, Wayne W Poon, Huntington Potter, Joseph F Quinn, Ashok Raj, Murray Raskind, Barry Reisberg, Christiane Reitz, John M Ringman, Erik D Roberson, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Howard J Rosen, Roger N Rosenberg, Mark A Sager, Andrew J Saykin, Julie A Schneider, Lon S Schneider, William W Seeley, Amanda G Smith, Joshua A Sonnen, Salvatore Spina, Robert A Stern, Russell H Swerdlow, Rudolph E Tanzi, Tricia A Thornton-Wells, John Q Trojanowski, Juan C Troncoso, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, Linda J Van Eldik, Harry V Vinters, Jean Paul Vonsattel, Sandra Weintraub, Kathleen A Welsh-Bohmer, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Jennifer Williamson, Thomas S Wingo, Randall L Woltjer, Clinton B Wright, Chang-En Yu, Lei Yu, Fabienne Garzia, Feroze Golamaully, Gislain Septier, Sebastien Engelborghs, Rik Vandenberghe, Peter P De Deyn, Carmen Muñoz Fernadez, Yoland Aladro Benito, Hakan Thonberg, Charlotte Forsell, Lena Lilius, Anne Kinhult-Stählbom, Lena Kilander, RoseMarie Brundin, Letizia Concari, Seppo Helisalmi, Anne Maria Koivisto, Annakaisa Haapasalo, Vincent Dermecourt, Nathalie Fievet, Olivier Hanon, Carole Dufouil, Alexis Brice, Karen Ritchie, Bruno Dubois, Jayanadra J Himali, C Dirk Keene, JoAnn Tschanz, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Walter A Kukull, Maria Norton, Thor Aspelund, Eric B Larson, Ron Munger, Jerome I Rotter, Richard B Lipton, María J Bullido, Albert Hofman, Thomas J Montine, Eliecer Coto, Eric Boerwinkle, Ronald C Petersen, Victoria Alvarez, Fernando Rivadeneira, Eric M Reiman, Maura Gallo, Christopher J O'Donnell, Joan S Reisch, Amalia Cecilia Bruni, Donald R Royall, Martin Dichgans, Mary Sano, Daniela Galimberti, Peter St George-Hyslop, Elio Scarpini, Debby W Tsuang, Michelangelo Mancuso, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Ashley R Winslow, Antonio Daniele, Chuang-Kuo Wu, Oliver Peters, Benedetta Nacmias, Matthias Riemenschneider, Reinhard Heun, Carol Brayne, David C Rubinsztein, Jose Bras, Rita Guerreiro, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Christopher E Shaw, John Collinge, David Mann, Magda Tsolaki, Jordi Clarimón, Rebecca Sussams, Simon Lovestone, Michael C O'Donovan, Michael J Owen, Timothy W Behrens, Simon Mead, Alison M Goate, Andre G Uitterlinden, Clive Holmes, Carlos Cruchaga, Martin Ingelsson, David A Bennett, John Powell, Todd E Golde, Caroline Graff, Philip L De Jager, Kevin Morgan, Nilufer Ertekin-Taner, Onofre Combarros, Bruce M Psaty, Peter Passmore, Steven G Younkin, Claudine Berr, Vilmundur Gudnason, Dan Rujescu, Dennis W Dickson, Jean-François Dartigues, Anita L DeStefano, Sara Ortega-Cubero, Hakon Hakonarson, Dominique Campion, Merce Boada, John Keoni Kauwe, Lindsay A Farrer, Christine Van Broeckhoven, M Arfan Ikram, Lesley Jones, Jonathan L Haines, Christophe Tzourio, Lenore J Launer, Valentina Escott-Price, Richard Mayeux, Jean-François Deleuze, Najaf Amin, Peter A Holmans, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Philippe Amouyel, Cornelia M van Duijn, Alfredo Ramirez, Li-San Wang, Jean-Charles Lambert, Sudha Seshadri, Julie Williams, Gerard D Schellenberg
We identified rare coding variants associated with Alzheimer's disease in a three-stage case-control study of 85,133 subjects. In stage 1, we genotyped 34,174 samples using a whole-exome microarray. In stage 2, we tested associated variants (P < 1 × 10(-4)) in 35,962 independent samples using de novo genotyping and imputed genotypes. In stage 3, we used an additional 14,997 samples to test the most significant stage 2 associations (P < 5 × 10(-8)) using imputed genotypes. We observed three new genome-wide significant nonsynonymous variants associated with Alzheimer's disease: a protective variant in PLCG2 (rs72824905: p...
July 17, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714273/%C3%AE-catenin-regulation-of-farnesoid-x-receptor-signaling-and-bile-acid-metabolism-during-murine-cholestasis
#18
Michael D Thompson, Akshata Moghe, Pamela Cornuet, Rebecca Marino, Jianmin Tian, Pengcheng Wang, Xiaochao Ma, Marc Abrams, Joseph Locker, Satdarshan P S Monga, Kari Nejak-Bowen
Cholestatic liver diseases result from impaired bile flow and are characterized by inflammation, atypical ductular proliferation (ADP), and fibrosis. The Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays a role in bile duct development, yet its role in cholestatic injury remains indeterminate. Liver-specific β-catenin knockout (KO) mice and wild-type (WT) littermates were subjected to cholestatic injury via bile duct ligation or short-term exposure to 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine (DDC) diet. Intriguingly, KO exhibit a dramatic protection from liver injury, fibrosis, and ADP, which coincided with significantly decreased total hepatic bile acids (BA)...
July 17, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695533/electron-transfer-higher-energy-collision-dissociation-ethcd-enabled-intact-glycopeptide-glycoproteome-characterization
#19
Qing Yu, Bowen Wang, Zhengwei Chen, Go Urabe, Matthew S Glover, Xudong Shi, Lian-Wang Guo, K Craig Kent, Lingjun Li
Protein glycosylation, one of the most heterogeneous post-translational modifications, can play a major role in cellular signal transduction and disease progression. Traditional mass spectrometry (MS)-based large-scale glycoprotein sequencing studies heavily rely on identifying enzymatically released glycans and their original peptide backbone separately, as there is no efficient fragmentation method to produce unbiased glycan and peptide product ions simultaneously in a single spectrum, and that can be conveniently applied to high throughput glycoproteome characterization, especially for N-glycopeptides, which can have much more branched glycan side chains than relatively less complex O-linked glycans...
July 10, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687705/annotation-and-cluster-analysis-of-spatiotemporal-and-sex-related-lncrna-expression-in-rhesus-macaque-brain
#20
Siling Liu, Zhengbo Wang, Dong Chen, Bowen Zhang, Renrong Tian, Jing Wu, Ying Zhang, Kaiyu Xu, Liumeng Yang, Chao Cheng, Jian Ma, Longbao Lv, Yongtang Zheng, Xintian Hu, Yi Zhang, Xiangting Wang, Jiali Li
Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA)-mediated epigenetic regulation plays important roles in wide range of biological processes and diseases. Here, we applied comprehensive analyses of RNA-seq and CAGE-seq (cap analysis of gene expression and sequencing) to characterize the dynamic changes in lncRNA expression in rhesus macaque brain in four age groups from postnatal to aged periods. We identified 18 anatomically diverse lncRNA modules and 14 mRNA modules representing spatial, age and sex specificities. Spatiotemporal- and sex-biased changes in lncRNA expression are in general higher than that observed in mRNA expression...
July 7, 2017: Genome Research
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