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Mélanie Deschasaux, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Lucie Lécuyer, Solia Adriouch, Caroline Méjean, Pauline Ducrot, Sandrine Péneau, Paule Latino-Martel, Léopold K Fezeu, Philippine Fassier, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier
OBJECTIVES: French authorities are considering the implementation of a simplified nutrition labelling system on food products to help consumers make healthier food choices. One of the most documented candidates (Five-Colour Nutrition Label/Nutri-score) is based on the British Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System (FSA-NPS), a score calculated for each food/beverage using the 100 g amount of energy, sugar, saturated fatty acid, sodium, fibres, proteins, and fruits and vegetables...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Bruce Neal, Helen Dixon, Clare Hughes, Bridget Kelly, Caroline Miller
The presence of health claims on food packaging can positively bias consumers' evaluations of foods. This review examined whether cognitive biases endure when other sources of nutrition information [the nutrition facts panel (NFP) and front-of-pack labels] appear on-pack with health claims. The following databases were searched: Web of Science, Ovid, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, Scopus, ProQuest, and Wiley Online Library. The search terms ("health claim*" OR "nutri* claim") AND ("food label*" OR "front of pack") were used to identify studies...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
Valter D Longo, Salvatore Cortellino
It is necessary to employ myeloablative irradiation or chemotherapy to deplete the HSC niche to optimize hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In a recent issue of Science, Taya and colleagues provide evidence for an alternative to the toxic chemoirradiative procedure by showing that a valine-restricted diet is sufficient to empty the bone marrow niche.
December 1, 2016: Cell Stem Cell
Salej Sood, Anil Kumar, B Kalyana Babu, Vikram S Gaur, Dinesh Pandey, Lakshmi Kant, Arunava Pattnayak
The rapid strides in molecular marker technologies followed by genomics, and next generation sequencing advancements in three major crops (rice, maize and wheat) of the world have given opportunities for their use in the orphan, but highly valuable future crops, including finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.]. Finger millet has many special agronomic and nutritional characteristics, which make it an indispensable crop in arid, semi-arid, hilly and tribal areas of India and Africa. The crop has proven its adaptability in harsh conditions and has shown resilience to climate change...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Anand Prakash, S H Prabhudev, M R Vijayalakshmi, Maya Prakash, Revathy Baskaran
The present study was focused on the development of nutritionally enriched ketchup (Nutri-ketchup) from acerola and tomato and evaluation of the effect of blending and processing on physicochemical characteristics, phytonutrients retention, antioxidant activity and sensorial quality. Acerola and tomato pulps blended in various ratios viz. 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75 and 0:100 were used for the preparation of five formulations of ketchup and compared with commercially available tomato ketchup. The retention of phytonutrients varied among formulations viz...
August 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Hannah May Brown, Nienke de Vlieger, Clare Collins, Tamara Bucher
Issue addressed: Portion size guidance strategies have been suggested as an important component of weight management; therefore, the Health Star Rating (HSR) front-of-pack labels could influence consumers' portion-size decisions. However, this has not been investigated to date. This study aims to evaluate whether presenting energy content information and HSRs influences portion size self-selection of specific foods and meals.Methods: Adults were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups in this randomised controlled experiment...
October 20, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Paule V Joseph, Sarah K Abey, Wendy A Henderson
Nutrition is a factor involved in inflammation and a modulator of risk toward some cancers, and the complexity of linkages between dietary components and epigenetics mechanisms (e.g., DNA methylation, histone modification, chromatin remodeling) may affect the inflammation phenotype and the development of cancer. An increasing number of studies support the role of diet in cancer development, prevention, and treatment. Although current knowledge regarding nutri-epigenetics is expanding, more work is needed, and nurse scientists have the potential to significantly contribute to the expansion of this knowledge...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Min-Jun Park, Ji-Hye Song, Myung-Soo Shon, Hae Ok Kim, O Jun Kwon, Seong-Soo Roh, Choon Young Kim, Gyo-Nam Kim
Obesity is a major risk factor for various metabolic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, we prepared ethanol extracts from Agastache rugosa (ARE), Chrysanthemum zawadskii (CZE), Mentha arvensis (MAE), Perilla frutescens (PFE), Leonurus sibiricus (LSE), Gardenia jasminoides (GJE), and Lycopus coreanus (LCE). The anti-oxidant and anti-adipogenic effects were evaluated. The IC50 values for ascorbic acid and LCE against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radicals were 246...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Jaroslav A Hubacek
Apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5) is a small protein, expressed predominantly in the liver. In plasma, it is located on triglyceride rich lipoprotein particles (chylomicrones and VLDL) and on HDL. Plasma concentration of apolipoprotein A5 is very low, suggesting rather regulatory (activation of lipoprotein lipase, …) than structural function. APOA5 is an important determinant of plasma triglyceride concentration; this effect has been confirmed both on animal models, as well as on human studies. Minor alleles of three commonly analysed variants within this gene (rs662799, rs3135506, rs2075291) are associated with higher plasma TG values and increased risk of myocardial infarction, with some important interethnic differences observed...
October 30, 2016: Gene
Peter M Chege, Zipporah W Ndungu, Betty M Gitonga
BACKGROUND: HIV and AIDS affect most the productive people, leading to reduced capacity to either produce food or generate income. Children under-fives are the most vulnerable group in the affected households. There exists minimal information on food security status and its effect on nutritional status of children under-fives in households affected by HIV and AIDS. The aim of this study was to assess food security and nutritional status of children under-five in households affected by HIV and AIDS in Kiandutu informal settlement, Kiambu County...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Julie Perinel, Christophe Mariette, Bertrand Dousset, Igor Sielezneff, Alain Gainant, Jean-Yves Mabrut, Sylvie Bin-Dorel, Michel El Bechwaty, Dominique Delaunay, Lorraine Bernard, Alain Sauvanet, Marc Pocard, Emmanuel Buc, Mustapha Adham
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare nasojejunal early enteral nutrition (NJEEN) with total parenteral nutrition (TPN), after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), in terms of postoperative complications. BACKGROUND: Current nutritional guidelines recommend the use of enteral over parenteral nutrition in patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. However, the NJEEN remains controversial in patients undergoing PD. METHODS: Multicenter, randomized, controlled trial was conducted between 2011 and 2014...
November 2016: Annals of Surgery
Gerassimos Flabouraris, George Albert Karikas
Nutri-epigenetics has lately emerged as a new field in cancer epigenetic research. Cancer represents a multistage and heterogeneous disease that is driven by progressive genetic and epigenetic abnormalities. Epigenetic activity is influenced by several exogenous and endogenous factors including, nutrition, environment, disease, ethnicity, life style, medication, toxins, physical activity, age, gender and family genetics. Epigenetic therapy including mainly natural phenolics is a new area for drug development in cancer prevention...
January 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Priscila Nicolao Mazzola, Tatiele Nalin, Kamila Castro, Margreet van Rijn, Terry G J Derks, Ingrid D S Perry, Alberto Scofano Mainieri, Ida Vanessa D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is characterized by phenylalanine (Phe) accumulation to toxic levels due to the low activity of phenylalanine-hydroxylase. PKU patients must follow a Phe-restricted diet, which may put them in risk of nutritional disturbances. Therefore, we aimed to characterize body composition parameters and nutritional status in Brazilian PKU patients also considering their metabolic control. METHODS: Twenty-seven treated PKU patients older than 5 years, and 27 age- and gender-matched controls, were analyzed for anthropometric features and body composition by bioelectrical impedance (BIA)...
March 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Grzegorz Raszewski, Roman Chwedorowicz, Agnieszka Chwedorowicz, Katarzyna Gustaw Rothenberg
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Evidence for the benefit of antioxidants' based therapeutic intervention in dementia are inconsistent. Parallel studies in disease forms of dementia different than Alzheimer's are even less conclusive. In this study, the role of serum levels of homocysteine (tHcy), lipids and antioxidants in predicting the risk of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD) versus non-Alzheimer's dementias (n-AD). The objective was to add to the ongoing cumulative research to establish the biochemical baseline for potential nutri-therapeutic intervention in different forms of dementia...
2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Pauzi Nur Aimi Syarina, Govindarajan Karthivashan, Faridah Abas, Palanisamy Arulselvan, Sharida Fakurazi
Blue-green alga (Spirulina platensis) is a well renowned nutri-supplement due to its high nutritional and medicinal properties. The aim of this study was to examine the wound healing efficiency of Spirulina platensis at various solvent extracts using in vitro scratch assay on human dermal fibroblast cells (HDF). Various gradient solvent extracts (50 μg/ml of methanolic, ethanolic and aqueous extracts) from Spirulina platensis were treated on HDF cells to acquire its wound healing properties through scratch assay and in this investigation we have used allantoin, as a positive control to compare efficacy among the phytoextracts...
2015: EXCLI journal
Ding Li, Qi Zhong, Tingting Liu, Jufang Wang
In this work, water-soluble extracts of Ganoderma lucidum spores (Gls), a Chinese medicinal herb that possesses cell growth stimulating function, were found to be an effective growth factor for Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell cultivation. The Gls extract was prepared and supplemented to CHO K1 cell culture media with various serum levels. Our results obtained from both the static culture and the spinner-flask suspension culture showed that use of small-amount Gls extract effectively promoted cell growth and suppressed cell apoptosis induced by serum deprivation with normal cell cycle maintained in a low-serum medium...
June 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Vincent W Vanek, Phil Ayers, Pamela Charney, Michael Kraft, Ronelle Mitchell, Steven Plogsted, Jason Soden, Charles W Van Way, Jacqueline Wessel, John Winter, Sue Kent, Peggy Turner, Jean Bouche, Donna Quirk, Douglas L Seidner
BACKGROUND: This is a follow-up survey to reassess the safety and efficacy of nutrition content in the available electronic health record (EHR) systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Members of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.), American Society for Nutrition, and the Academy for Nutrition and Dietetics were asked to participate in an online survey. The survey included questions from a 2012 EHR survey on the safety and efficacy in 5 nutrition content areas as well as questions from previous 2003 and 2011 A...
June 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Sze Ying Leong, Indrawati Oey, David John Burritt
This research aimed to study the effect of pulsed electric field (PEF) processing on the bioprotective capacity of carrot purée for White Belgian, Yellow Solar, Nantes, Nutri Red and Purple Haze cultivars against H2O2-induced oxidative damage. The bioprotective capacity was determined using cell viability, membrane integrity and nitric oxide (NO) production in a human Caco-2 cell culture assay. Total carotenoids, total anthocyanins, total vitamin C and total phenolics were also evaluated. Compared to the untreated purée, Purple Haze and Nutri Red processed at 303 kJ/kg completely increased Caco-2 cells resistance towards oxidative damage by recovering the cell viability and inhibiting NO production...
April 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Marie-Christine Turnin, Jean-Christophe Buisson, Namanjeet Ahluwalia, Laurent Cazals, Caroline Bolzonella-Pene, Caroline Fouquet-Martineau, Pascale Martini, Maïthé Tauber, Hélène Hanaire
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of interactive Nutri-Advice kiosks on children's nutritional skills and their ability to apply it to food choices in a middle school cafeteria menu (food choice competencies). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design; pre/post-test. SETTING: Freestanding interactive computer terminals (kiosks) were installed in three middle schools in Toulouse, France. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 580 children were enrolled into the study (mean age, 13 ± 1 years)...
February 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
A Bocquet, M Vidailhet
Nutri-Baby SFAE 2013 is the 5th edition of a survey conducted every 8 years since 1981 by SFAE (Secteur Français des Aliments de l'Enfance) in collaboration with an opinion poll institute (SOFRES) for the feeding behavior part of the study and with CREDOC for calculating nutrient intake: 1,188 mothers of infants and young children from 15 days to 3 years of age were interviewed in 2013. The present paper is limited to the behavioral part of the investigation on the observance by mothers of pediatric recommendations...
October 2015: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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