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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165388/argan-oil-as-an-effective-nutri-therapeutic-agent-in-metabolic-syndrome-a-preclinical-study
#1
Adil El Midaoui, Youssef Haddad, Younes Filali-Zegzouti, Réjean Couture
The present study aims at examining the effects of argan oil on the three main cardiovascular risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome (hypertension, insulin resistance and obesity) and on one of its main complications, neuropathic pain. Male Sprague-Dawley rats had free access to a drinking solution containing 10% d-glucose or tap water for 12 weeks. The effect of argan oil was compared to that of corn oil given daily by gavage during 12 weeks in glucose-fed rats. Glucose-fed rats showed increases in systolic blood pressure, epididymal fat, plasma levels of triglycerides, leptin, glucose and insulin, insulin resistance, tactile and cold allodynia in association with a rise in superoxide anion production and NADPH oxidase activity in the thoracic aorta, epididymal fat and gastrocnemius muscle...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121975/the-pocket-4-life-project-bioavailability-and-beneficial-properties-of-the-bioactive-compounds-of-espresso-coffee-and-cocoa-based-confectionery-containing-coffee-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-cross-over-trial
#2
Pedro Mena, Michele Tassotti, Daniela Martini, Alice Rosi, Furio Brighenti, Daniele Del Rio
BACKGROUND: Coffee is an important source of bioactive compounds, including caffeine, phenolic compounds (mainly chlorogenic acids), trigonelline, and diterpenes. Several studies have highlighted the preventive effects of coffee consumption on major cardiometabolic diseases, but the impact of coffee dosage on markers of cardiometabolic risk is not well understood. Moreover, the pool of coffee-derived circulating metabolites and the contribution of each metabolite to disease prevention still need to be evaluated in real-life settings...
November 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094670/the-french-national-survey-on-food-consumption-of-children-under-3-years-of-age-nutri-b%C3%A3-b%C3%A3-2013-design-methodology-population-sampling-and-feeding-practices
#3
Jean-Pierre Chouraqui, Gabriel Tavoularis, Yves Emery, Aurée Francou, Pascale Hébel, Magali Bocquet, Régis Hankard, Dominique Turck
OBJECTIVE: To update the data on food consumption and practices in children under 3 years of age in metropolitan France. DESIGN: The Nutri-Bébé 2013 cross-sectional study selected a random sample, according to the quota sampling method. After giving their informed consent, parents had to record the food consumption during three non-consecutive days framed by two face-to-face interviews, using for quantitative information different portion size measurement aids...
November 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026427/adoption-of-the-nutri-score-system-in-france-to-reduce-the-incidence-of-noncommunicable-diseases
#4
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894628/tigernut-cyperus-esculentus-l-milk-as-a-potent-nutri-drink-for-the-prevention-of-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-a-murine-model
#5
Nnenna Ola Onuoha, Nneoma Oleh Ogbusua, Augustine N Okorie, Chukwunonso E C C Ejike
AIM/BACKGROUND: Given the prevalence of toxicants in foods, beauty products, etc., and the increasing demand for "green" products, there is a need for the development of "nutri-drinks" with hepatoprotective properties. The usefulness of tigernut milk (TNM) in preventing acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury was, therefore, investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 rats were randomized into five equal groups. Four groups were treated with 0, 500, 1000, and 2000 kg/mg body weight (bw) TNM, respectively, per os for 2 weeks before they were challenged with 2500 mg/kg bw APAP...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600360/are-self-reported-unhealthy-food-choices-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-breast-cancer-prospective-cohort-study-using-the-british-food-standards-agency-nutrient-profiling-system
#6
Mélanie Deschasaux, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Lucie Lécuyer, Solia Adriouch, Caroline Méjean, Pauline Ducrot, Sandrine Péneau, Paule Latino-Martel, Léopold K Fezeu, Philippine Fassier, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier
OBJECTIVES: French authorities are considering the implementation of a simplified nutrition labelling system on food products to help consumers make healthier food choices. One of the most documented candidates (Five-Colour Nutrition Label/Nutri-score) is based on the British Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System (FSA-NPS), a score calculated for each food/beverage using the 100 g amount of energy, sugar, saturated fatty acid, sodium, fibres, proteins, and fruits and vegetables...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371913/consumers-responses-to-health-claims-in-the-context-of-other-on-pack-nutrition-information-a-systematic-review
#7
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Bruce Neal, Helen Dixon, Clare Hughes, Bridget Kelly, Caroline Miller
The presence of health claims on food packaging can positively bias consumers' evaluations of foods. This review examined whether cognitive biases endure when other sources of nutrition information [the nutrition facts panel (NFP) and front-of-pack labels] appear on-pack with health claims. The following databases were searched: Web of Science, Ovid, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, Scopus, ProQuest, and Wiley Online Library. The search terms ("health claim*" OR "nutri* claim") AND ("food label*" OR "front of pack") were used to identify studies...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912088/enhancing-stem-cell-transplantation-with-nutri-technology
#8
COMMENT
Valter D Longo, Salvatore Cortellino
It is necessary to employ myeloablative irradiation or chemotherapy to deplete the HSC niche to optimize hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In a recent issue of Science, Taya and colleagues provide evidence for an alternative to the toxic chemoirradiative procedure by showing that a valine-restricted diet is sufficient to empty the bone marrow niche.
December 1, 2016: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881984/gene-discovery-and-advances-in-finger-millet-eleusine-coracana-l-gaertn-genomics-an-important-nutri-cereal-of-future
#9
REVIEW
Salej Sood, Anil Kumar, B Kalyana Babu, Vikram S Gaur, Dinesh Pandey, Lakshmi Kant, Arunava Pattnayak
The rapid strides in molecular marker technologies followed by genomics, and next generation sequencing advancements in three major crops (rice, maize and wheat) of the world have given opportunities for their use in the orphan, but highly valuable future crops, including finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.]. Finger millet has many special agronomic and nutritional characteristics, which make it an indispensable crop in arid, semi-arid, hilly and tribal areas of India and Africa. The crop has proven its adaptability in harsh conditions and has shown resilience to climate change...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784912/implication-of-processing-and-differential-blending-on-quality-characteristics-in-nutritionally-enriched-ketchup-nutri-ketchup-from-acerola-and-tomato
#10
Anand Prakash, S H Prabhudev, M R Vijayalakshmi, Maya Prakash, Revathy Baskaran
The present study was focused on the development of nutritionally enriched ketchup (Nutri-ketchup) from acerola and tomato and evaluation of the effect of blending and processing on physicochemical characteristics, phytonutrients retention, antioxidant activity and sensorial quality. Acerola and tomato pulps blended in various ratios viz. 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75 and 0:100 were used for the preparation of five formulations of ketchup and compared with commercially available tomato ketchup. The retention of phytonutrients varied among formulations viz...
August 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770836/the-influence-of-front-of-pack-nutrition-information-on-consumers
#11
Hannah May Brown, Nienke de Vlieger, Clare Collins, Tamara Bucher
Issue addressed: Portion size guidance strategies have been suggested as an important component of weight management; therefore, the Health Star Rating (HSR) front-of-pack labels could influence consumers' portion-size decisions. However, this has not been investigated to date. This study aims to evaluate whether presenting energy content information and HSRs influences portion size self-selection of specific foods and meals.Methods: Adults were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups in this randomised controlled experiment...
October 20, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768134/emerging-role-of-nutri-epigenetics-in-inflammation-and-cancer
#12
Paule V Joseph, Sarah K Abey, Wendy A Henderson
Nutrition is a factor involved in inflammation and a modulator of risk toward some cancers, and the complexity of linkages between dietary components and epigenetics mechanisms (e.g., DNA methylation, histone modification, chromatin remodeling) may affect the inflammation phenotype and the development of cancer. An increasing number of studies support the role of diet in cancer development, prevention, and treatment. Although current knowledge regarding nutri-epigenetics is expanding, more work is needed, and nurse scientists have the potential to significantly contribute to the expansion of this knowledge...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752499/anti-adipogenic-effects-of-ethanol-extracts-prepared-from-selected-medicinal-herbs-in-3t3-l1-cells
#13
Min-Jun Park, Ji-Hye Song, Myung-Soo Shon, Hae Ok Kim, O Jun Kwon, Seong-Soo Roh, Choon Young Kim, Gyo-Nam Kim
Obesity is a major risk factor for various metabolic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, we prepared ethanol extracts from Agastache rugosa (ARE), Chrysanthemum zawadskii (CZE), Mentha arvensis (MAE), Perilla frutescens (PFE), Leonurus sibiricus (LSE), Gardenia jasminoides (GJE), and Lycopus coreanus (LCE). The anti-oxidant and anti-adipogenic effects were evaluated. The IC50 values for ascorbic acid and LCE against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radicals were 246...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496343/apolipoprotein-a5-fifteen-years-anniversary-lessons-from-genetic-epidemiology
#14
REVIEW
Jaroslav A Hubacek
Apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5) is a small protein, expressed predominantly in the liver. In plasma, it is located on triglyceride rich lipoprotein particles (chylomicrones and VLDL) and on HDL. Plasma concentration of apolipoprotein A5 is very low, suggesting rather regulatory (activation of lipoprotein lipase, …) than structural function. APOA5 is an important determinant of plasma triglyceride concentration; this effect has been confirmed both on animal models, as well as on human studies. Minor alleles of three commonly analysed variants within this gene (rs662799, rs3135506, rs2075291) are associated with higher plasma TG values and increased risk of myocardial infarction, with some important interethnic differences observed...
October 30, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443524/food-security-and-nutritional-status-of-children-under-five-in-households-affected-by-hiv-and-aids-in-kiandutu-informal-settlement-kiambu-county-kenya
#15
Peter M Chege, Zipporah W Ndungu, Betty M Gitonga
BACKGROUND: HIV and AIDS affect most the productive people, leading to reduced capacity to either produce food or generate income. Children under-fives are the most vulnerable group in the affected households. There exists minimal information on food security status and its effect on nutritional status of children under-fives in households affected by HIV and AIDS. The aim of this study was to assess food security and nutritional status of children under-five in households affected by HIV and AIDS in Kiandutu informal settlement, Kiambu County...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429039/early-enteral-versus-total-parenteral-nutrition-in-patients-undergoing-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-randomized-multicenter-controlled-trial-nutri-dpc
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Julie Perinel, Christophe Mariette, Bertrand Dousset, Igor Sielezneff, Alain Gainant, Jean-Yves Mabrut, Sylvie Bin-Dorel, Michel El Bechwaty, Dominique Delaunay, Lorraine Bernard, Alain Sauvanet, Marc Pocard, Emmanuel Buc, Mustapha Adham
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare nasojejunal early enteral nutrition (NJEEN) with total parenteral nutrition (TPN), after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), in terms of postoperative complications. BACKGROUND: Current nutritional guidelines recommend the use of enteral over parenteral nutrition in patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. However, the NJEEN remains controversial in patients undergoing PD. METHODS: Multicenter, randomized, controlled trial was conducted between 2011 and 2014...
November 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061524/nutri-epigenetics-and-synthetic-analogs-in-cancer-chemoprevention
#17
REVIEW
Gerassimos Flabouraris, George Albert Karikas
Nutri-epigenetics has lately emerged as a new field in cancer epigenetic research. Cancer represents a multistage and heterogeneous disease that is driven by progressive genetic and epigenetic abnormalities. Epigenetic activity is influenced by several exogenous and endogenous factors including, nutrition, environment, disease, ethnicity, life style, medication, toxins, physical activity, age, gender and family genetics. Epigenetic therapy including mainly natural phenolics is a new area for drug development in cancer prevention...
January 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27014574/analysis-of-body-composition-and-nutritional-status-in-brazilian-phenylketonuria-patients
#18
Priscila Nicolao Mazzola, Tatiele Nalin, Kamila Castro, Margreet van Rijn, Terry G J Derks, Ingrid D S Perry, Alberto Scofano Mainieri, Ida Vanessa D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is characterized by phenylalanine (Phe) accumulation to toxic levels due to the low activity of phenylalanine-hydroxylase. PKU patients must follow a Phe-restricted diet, which may put them in risk of nutritional disturbances. Therefore, we aimed to characterize body composition parameters and nutritional status in Brazilian PKU patients also considering their metabolic control. METHODS: Twenty-seven treated PKU patients older than 5 years, and 27 age- and gender-matched controls, were analyzed for anthropometric features and body composition by bioelectrical impedance (BIA)...
March 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007541/homocysteine-antioxidant-vitamins-and-lipids-as-biomarkers-of-neurodegeneration-in-alzheimer-s-disease-versus-non-alzheimer-s-dementia
#19
Grzegorz Raszewski, Roman Chwedorowicz, Agnieszka Chwedorowicz, Katarzyna Gustaw Rothenberg
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Evidence for the benefit of antioxidants' based therapeutic intervention in dementia are inconsistent. Parallel studies in disease forms of dementia different than Alzheimer's are even less conclusive. In this study, the role of serum levels of homocysteine (tHcy), lipids and antioxidants in predicting the risk of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD) versus non-Alzheimer's dementias (n-AD). The objective was to add to the ongoing cumulative research to establish the biochemical baseline for potential nutri-therapeutic intervention in different forms of dementia...
2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27004048/wound-healing-potential-of-spirulina-platensis-extracts-on-human-dermal-fibroblast-cells
#20
Pauzi Nur Aimi Syarina, Govindarajan Karthivashan, Faridah Abas, Palanisamy Arulselvan, Sharida Fakurazi
Blue-green alga (Spirulina platensis) is a well renowned nutri-supplement due to its high nutritional and medicinal properties. The aim of this study was to examine the wound healing efficiency of Spirulina platensis at various solvent extracts using in vitro scratch assay on human dermal fibroblast cells (HDF). Various gradient solvent extracts (50 μg/ml of methanolic, ethanolic and aqueous extracts) from Spirulina platensis were treated on HDF cells to acquire its wound healing properties through scratch assay and in this investigation we have used allantoin, as a positive control to compare efficacy among the phytoextracts...
2015: EXCLI Journal
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