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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685968/impact-of-dietary-gut-microbial-metabolites-on-the-epigenome
#1
REVIEW
Clarissa Gerhauser
Within the past decade, epigenetic mechanisms and their modulation by natural products have gained increasing interest. Dietary bioactive compounds from various sources, including green tea, soya, fruit and berries, cruciferous vegetables, whole grain foods, fish and others, have been shown to target enzymes involved in epigenetic gene regulation, including DNA methyltransferases, histone acetyltransferases, deacetylases and demethylases in vitro and in cell culture. Also, many dietary agents were shown to alter miRNA expression...
June 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626604/transgenerational-effects-of-paternal-dietary-astragalus-polysaccharides-on-spleen-immunity-of-broilers
#2
Yulong Li, Xinyu Lei, Zhenchen Yin, Wei Guo, Shengru Wu, Xiaojun Yang
Our previous study indicated that paternal dietary Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) could induce endotoxin tolerance-like response in jejunum of offspring chickens. There exist positive interaction between intestinal mucosal immunity and systemic immunity. So we studied the transgenerational effect and nutri-epigenetic role of paternal dietary APS on spleen immunity. 64 one-day-old Avein breeder cocks were used in a single-factor design with 0 and 10 g/kg APS, respectively, 4 replicated cages each group, and 8 birds each cage...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624949/medicinal-plants-used-during-antenatal-care-by-pregnant-women-in-eastern-uganda
#3
Patricia A Nalumansi, Maud Kamatenesi-Mugisha, Godwin Anywar
Plants are commonly used during the antenatal stage in pregnancy to manage different ailments in Africa. In Uganda, both medicinal and food plants are used to handle common pregnancy related conditions. An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in Iganga district, eastern Uganda. Seven traditional birth attendants (TBA) and 46 mothers were interviewed. Data was collected using structured questionnaires and household interviews. The TBAs were identified using snowball sampling. A total of 33 plant species, belonging to 23 families were documented...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554256/promoting-public-health-in-nutrition-nutri-score-and-the-tug-of-war-between-public-health-and-the-food-industry
#4
Chantal Julia, Yves Charpak, Emmanuel Rusch, Flore Lecomte, Pierre Lombrail, Serge Hercberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517562/enteral-versus-total-parenteral-nutrition-in-patients-undergoing-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-randomized-multicenter-controlled-trial-nutri-dpc-let-s-take-a-closer-look-at-the-pancreas
#5
Thomas Godet, Renaud Guérin, Camille Verlhac, Sophie Cayot, Matthieu Jabaudon, Jean-Etienne Bazin, Emmanuel Futier, Jean-Michel Constantin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506585/feasibility-and-relative-validity-of-a-digital-photo-based-dietary-assessment-results-from-the-nutris-phone-study
#6
Nicole Prinz, Barbara Bohn, Annamarie Kern, Deborah Püngel, Olga Pollatos, Reinhard W Holl
OBJECTIVE: For dietary assessment, mobile devices with a camera can be used as an alternative to hand-written paper records. The Nutritional Tracking Information Smartphone (Nutris-Phone) study aimed to examine relative validity and feasibility of a photo-based dietary record in everyday life. DESIGN: Parallel to the photo-based technique, a weighed record was performed. Participant satisfaction was assessed by questionnaire. A trained nutrition scientist evaluated portion sizes and nutrient content was calculated (DGExpert)...
March 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412720/big-food-s-opposition-to-the-french-nutri-score-front-of-pack-labeling-warrants-a-global-reaction
#7
Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355626/transgenerational-endotoxin-tolerance-like-effect-caused-by-paternal-dietary-astragalus-polysaccharides-in-broilers-jejunum
#8
Yulong Li, Xinyu Lei, Wei Guo, Shengru Wu, Yulan Duan, Xin Yang, Xiaojun Yang
To learn the nutri-epigenetics role of Astragalus polysaccharides (APS), we designed and studied the transgenerational effect of paternal dietary APS supplementation in chickens. 160 Avein breeder cocks were randomly allocated into 5 groups and fed with 0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, and 10 g/kg APS supplement, respectively. Sperm of breeder cocks was collected and used for hatching experiment to get broiler chickens when the cocks at 40-weeks-old. It showed that the paternal dietary 10 g/kg APS could transgenerational promote growth performance and jejunal tissue morphology of chickens...
May 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165388/argan-oil-as-an-effective-nutri-therapeutic-agent-in-metabolic-syndrome-a-preclinical-study
#9
Adil El Midaoui, Youssef Haddad, Younes Filali-Zegzouti, Réjean Couture
The present study aims at examining the effects of argan oil on the three main cardiovascular risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome (hypertension, insulin resistance and obesity) and on one of its main complications, neuropathic pain. Male Sprague-Dawley rats had free access to a drinking solution containing 10% d-glucose or tap water for 12 weeks. The effect of argan oil was compared to that of corn oil given daily by gavage during 12 weeks in glucose-fed rats. Glucose-fed rats showed increases in systolic blood pressure, epididymal fat, plasma levels of triglycerides, leptin, glucose and insulin, insulin resistance, tactile and cold allodynia in association with a rise in superoxide anion production and NADPH oxidase activity in the thoracic aorta, epididymal fat and gastrocnemius muscle...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121975/the-pocket-4-life-project-bioavailability-and-beneficial-properties-of-the-bioactive-compounds-of-espresso-coffee-and-cocoa-based-confectionery-containing-coffee-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-cross-over-trial
#10
Pedro Mena, Michele Tassotti, Daniela Martini, Alice Rosi, Furio Brighenti, Daniele Del Rio
BACKGROUND: Coffee is an important source of bioactive compounds, including caffeine, phenolic compounds (mainly chlorogenic acids), trigonelline, and diterpenes. Several studies have highlighted the preventive effects of coffee consumption on major cardiometabolic diseases, but the impact of coffee dosage on markers of cardiometabolic risk is not well understood. Moreover, the pool of coffee-derived circulating metabolites and the contribution of each metabolite to disease prevention still need to be evaluated in real-life settings...
November 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094670/the-french-national-survey-on-food-consumption-of-children-under-3-years-of-age-nutri-b%C3%A3-b%C3%A3-2013-design-methodology-population-sampling-and-feeding-practices
#11
Jean-Pierre Chouraqui, Gabriel Tavoularis, Yves Emery, Aurée Francou, Pascale Hébel, Magali Bocquet, Régis Hankard, Dominique Turck
OBJECTIVE: To update the data on food consumption and practices in children under 3 years of age in metropolitan France. DESIGN: The Nutri-Bébé 2013 cross-sectional study selected a random sample, according to the quota sampling method. After giving their informed consent, parents had to record the food consumption during three non-consecutive days framed by two face-to-face interviews, using for quantitative information different portion size measurement aids...
February 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026427/adoption-of-the-nutri-score-system-in-france-to-reduce-the-incidence-of-noncommunicable-diseases
#12
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894628/tigernut-cyperus-esculentus-l-milk-as-a-potent-nutri-drink-for-the-prevention-of-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-a-murine-model
#13
Nnenna Ola Onuoha, Nneoma Oleh Ogbusua, Augustine N Okorie, Chukwunonso E C C Ejike
AIM/BACKGROUND: Given the prevalence of toxicants in foods, beauty products, etc., and the increasing demand for "green" products, there is a need for the development of "nutri-drinks" with hepatoprotective properties. The usefulness of tigernut milk (TNM) in preventing acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury was, therefore, investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 rats were randomized into five equal groups. Four groups were treated with 0, 500, 1000, and 2000 kg/mg body weight (bw) TNM, respectively, per os for 2 weeks before they were challenged with 2500 mg/kg bw APAP...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600360/are-self-reported-unhealthy-food-choices-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-breast-cancer-prospective-cohort-study-using-the-british-food-standards-agency-nutrient-profiling-system
#14
Mélanie Deschasaux, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Lucie Lécuyer, Solia Adriouch, Caroline Méjean, Pauline Ducrot, Sandrine Péneau, Paule Latino-Martel, Léopold K Fezeu, Philippine Fassier, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier
OBJECTIVES: French authorities are considering the implementation of a simplified nutrition labelling system on food products to help consumers make healthier food choices. One of the most documented candidates (Five-Colour Nutrition Label/Nutri-score) is based on the British Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System (FSA-NPS), a score calculated for each food/beverage using the 100 g amount of energy, sugar, saturated fatty acid, sodium, fibres, proteins, and fruits and vegetables...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371913/consumers-responses-to-health-claims-in-the-context-of-other-on-pack-nutrition-information-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Bruce Neal, Helen Dixon, Clare Hughes, Bridget Kelly, Caroline Miller
The presence of health claims on food packaging can positively bias consumers' evaluations of foods. This review examined whether cognitive biases endure when other sources of nutrition information [the nutrition facts panel (NFP) and front-of-pack labels] appear on-pack with health claims. The following databases were searched: Web of Science, Ovid, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, Scopus, ProQuest, and Wiley Online Library. The search terms ("health claim*" OR "nutri* claim") AND ("food label*" OR "front of pack") were used to identify studies...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912088/enhancing-stem-cell-transplantation-with-nutri-technology
#16
COMMENT
Valter D Longo, Salvatore Cortellino
It is necessary to employ myeloablative irradiation or chemotherapy to deplete the HSC niche to optimize hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In a recent issue of Science, Taya and colleagues provide evidence for an alternative to the toxic chemoirradiative procedure by showing that a valine-restricted diet is sufficient to empty the bone marrow niche.
December 1, 2016: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881984/gene-discovery-and-advances-in-finger-millet-eleusine-coracana-l-gaertn-genomics-an-important-nutri-cereal-of-future
#17
REVIEW
Salej Sood, Anil Kumar, B Kalyana Babu, Vikram S Gaur, Dinesh Pandey, Lakshmi Kant, Arunava Pattnayak
The rapid strides in molecular marker technologies followed by genomics, and next generation sequencing advancements in three major crops (rice, maize and wheat) of the world have given opportunities for their use in the orphan, but highly valuable future crops, including finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.]. Finger millet has many special agronomic and nutritional characteristics, which make it an indispensable crop in arid, semi-arid, hilly and tribal areas of India and Africa. The crop has proven its adaptability in harsh conditions and has shown resilience to climate change...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784912/implication-of-processing-and-differential-blending-on-quality-characteristics-in-nutritionally-enriched-ketchup-nutri-ketchup-from-acerola-and-tomato
#18
Anand Prakash, S H Prabhudev, M R Vijayalakshmi, Maya Prakash, Revathy Baskaran
The present study was focused on the development of nutritionally enriched ketchup (Nutri-ketchup) from acerola and tomato and evaluation of the effect of blending and processing on physicochemical characteristics, phytonutrients retention, antioxidant activity and sensorial quality. Acerola and tomato pulps blended in various ratios viz. 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75 and 0:100 were used for the preparation of five formulations of ketchup and compared with commercially available tomato ketchup. The retention of phytonutrients varied among formulations viz...
August 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770836/the-influence-of-front-of-pack-nutrition-information-on-consumers-portion-size-perceptions
#19
Hannah May Brown, Nienke de Vlieger, Clare Collins, Tamara Bucher
Issue addressed Portion size guidance strategies have been suggested as an important component of weight management; therefore, the Health Star Rating (HSR) front-of-pack labels could influence consumers' portion-size decisions. However, this has not been investigated to date. This study aims to evaluate whether presenting energy content information and HSRs influences portion size self-selection of specific foods and meals. Methods Adults were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups in this randomised controlled experiment...
August 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768134/emerging-role-of-nutri-epigenetics-in-inflammation-and-cancer
#20
Paule V Joseph, Sarah K Abey, Wendy A Henderson
Nutrition is a factor involved in inflammation and a modulator of risk toward some cancers, and the complexity of linkages between dietary components and epigenetics mechanisms (e.g., DNA methylation, histone modification, chromatin remodeling) may affect the inflammation phenotype and the development of cancer. An increasing number of studies support the role of diet in cancer development, prevention, and treatment. Although current knowledge regarding nutri-epigenetics is expanding, more work is needed, and nurse scientists have the potential to significantly contribute to the expansion of this knowledge...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
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