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idsa diarrhea

Nagham Khanafer, Frédéric Barbut, Catherine Eckert, Michel Perraud, Clarisse Demont, Christine Luxemburger, Philippe Vanhems
CONTEXT: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) produces a variety of clinical presentations ranging from mild diarrhea to severe infection with fulminant colitis, septic shock, and death. Over the past decade, the emergence of the BI/NAP1/027 strain has been linked to higher prevalence and severity of CDI. The guidelines to treat patients with CDI are currently based on severity factors identified in the literature and on expert opinion and have not been systematically evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with severe CDI defined according to four different severity definitions (Def): the 2010 SHEA/IDSA guidelines (Def1), the 2014 ESCMID guidelines (Def2), complicated CDI at the end of diarrhea (Def3), and our hospital-specific guidelines (white blood cell (WBC) count ≥15 × 10(9)/L, serum creatinine concentration >50% above baseline, pseudomembranous colitis, megacolon, intestinal perforation, or septic shock requiring intensive care unit admission...
February 2016: Anaerobe
Adam T Brown, Charles F Seifert
PURPOSE: New guidelines for the treatment of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea were published by the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) in 2010, however, there has been no literature evaluating the effectiveness of these guidelines. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical outcomes of Clostridium difficile infection including death, C difficile infection recurrence, toxic megacolon, and surgery between patients who received guideline-concordant therapy vs guideline-discordant therapy...
September 2014: American Journal of Medicine
Stuart H Cohen, Dale N Gerding, Stuart Johnson, Ciaran P Kelly, Vivian G Loo, L Clifford McDonald, Jacques Pepin, Mark H Wilcox
Since publication of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America position paper on Clostridium difficile infection in 1995, significant changes have occurred in the epidemiology and treatment of this infection. C. difficile remains the most important cause of healthcare-associated diarrhea and is increasingly important as a community pathogen. A more virulent strain of C. difficile has been identified and has been responsible for more-severe cases of disease worldwide. Data reporting the decreased effectiveness of metronidazole in the treatment of severe disease have been published...
May 2010: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
A Moreno-Camacho, R López-Vélez, A Muñoz Sanz, P Labarga-Echevarría
Intestinal parasite infections are very frequent in HIV patients with severe immunodeficiency (CD4 < 100/mm3) causing chronic diarrhea and malabsorption in the majority of cases. The most frequent microorganisms are microsporidia and Cryptosporidium parvum while Cyclospora cayetanensis and Isospora belli are more prevalent in subtropical and tropical areas and rare in industrialized areas. The diagnosis can be obtained by stool examination (differences in size and form of cysts), although microsporidia is frequently demonstrated by intestinal biopsy and/or duodenal aspirate...
1998: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
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