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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991279/el-papel-del-%C3%A3-cido-gamma-aminobut%C3%A3-rico-en-la-depresi%C3%A3-n-de-la-mujer
#1
Mónica Flores-Ramos, Margus Salinas, Armando Carvajal-Lohr, Lorena Rodríguez-Bores
other: La depresión es un trastorno psiquiátrico frecuente e incapacitante. Es causada por diferentes factores, entre los que figura el aspecto neurobiológico. En el presente trabajo presentamos evidencias acerca del papel del ácido gamma-aminobutírico (GABA) en la etiopatogenia de la depresión, con énfasis en la mujer. Los estudios en animales fundamentan la implicación del GABA en la depresión, mientras que los estudios clínicos han demostrado que el GABA se encuentra disminuido en líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR) y plasma en pacientes con depresión...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991273/estrategias-educativas-y-de-evaluaci%C3%A3-n-en-la-formaci%C3%A3-n-de-m%C3%A3-dicos-especialistas
#2
Verónica Alejandra Gaona-Flores, Luz Arcelia Campos-Navarro, Jesús Arenas-Osuna, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez
Antecedentes: Las estrategias didácticas se han definido como procedimientos, medios o recursos que el docente utiliza para promover el aprendizaje significativo. Objetivo: Identificar las estrategias de enseñanza y de evaluación que utiliza el profesor con residentes en hospitales de tercer nivel de atención médica. Método: Estudio transversal, con profesores de diversas especialidades, en el Centro Médico Nacional La Raza. Se aplicó un cuestionario que valora las estrategias utilizadas en la enseñanza y la evaluación...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977237/associative-organization-of-nursing-struggles-for-the-social-recognition-of-the-profession-1943-1946
#3
Kyvia Rayssa Bezerra Teixeira, Paulo Joaquim Pina Queirós, Laís de Araújo Pereira, Maria Angélica de Almeida Peres, Antonio José de Almeida, Tânia Cristina Franco Santos
Objective: To describe the circumstances that determine the creation of the Brazilian Association of Graduate Nurses of the Federal District Section and analyze its implications for the reorganization of the field of nursing. Method: Qualitative, socio-historical, documentary study. The analysis generated the following category: Creation of a new group to guarantee unity: Brazilian Association of Graduate Nurses in the Federal District Section. Results: The economic crisis resulting from the Second World War, the creation of the Paulista Association of Graduate Nurses and the increase in the number of Schools of Nursing in the country were decisive for the Brazilian Association of Graduate Nurses to reformulate its statute as to guarantee its unit...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977231/knowledge-of-adolescents-regarding-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-pregnancy
#4
Rebeca Aranha Arrais Santos Almeida, Rita da Graça Carvalhal Frazão Corrêa, Isaura Letícia Tavares Palmeira Rolim, Jessica Marques da Hora, Andrea Gomes Linard, Nair Portela Silva Coutinho, Priscila da Silva Oliveira
Objective: To investigate the knowledge of adolescents related to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), AIDS, and pregnancy, and understand the role of school in sex education. Method: A qualitative descriptive study, developed through a semi-structured interview and a form for participant characterization, with 22 high school students from a public school aged 16 to 19 years. Data were submitted to content analysis. Results: After analysis, four thematic categories were developed: sexuality and sex education; understanding of risk behaviors; knowledge of STI/AIDS; and knowledge of and practices for prevention...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977224/relational-technologies-as-instruments-of-care-in-the-family-health-strategy
#5
Tatiana Fernandes Kerches de Abreu, Fernanda Amendola, Monica Martins Trovo
Objective: This article aims to identify the relational technologies used by Family Health Strategy nurses in their daily work when treating patients. Method: Descriptive and cross-sectional study with qualitative approach; conducted between May and July 2015, in three Basic Health Units of the Southern Region of the Municipality of São Paulo, with 19 nurses of the Family Health Strategy. Data were collected through a semi-structured interview, and the speeches were fully transcribed and analyzed according to the technique of content analysis...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977222/weaving-the-west-psychosocial-care-network-of-the-municipality-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#6
Maria do Perpétuo Socorro de Sousa Nóbrega, Alessandra Matheus Domingos, Ana Stella de Azevedo Silveira, Jussara Carvalho Dos Santos
Objective: to understand how health service professionals involved in the care of users in psychic distress perceive the organization of the Psychosocial Care Network (RAPS - Rede de Atenção Psicossocial) in the western region of the city of São Paulo. Method: qualitative approach study conducted with 123 professionals with higher education who work in the care points of the network. A semi-structured interview was performed and data were submitted to the Alceste program for lexical analysis...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977218/mental-health-in-the-family-health-strategy-as-perceived-by-health-professionals
#7
Jacqueline de Souza, Letícia Yamawaka de Almeida, Margarita Antonia Villar Luis, Andreia Fernanda Nievas, Tatiana Maria Coelho Veloso, Sara Pinto Barbosa, Bianca Cristina Ciccone Giacon, Francine Baltazar Assad
Objective: to analyze the management of mental health needs in primary care as perceived by Family Health Strategy professionals. Method: this was a qualitative descriptive exploratory study developed within the coverage area of five family health teams. The data were collected using observation, group interviews, individual semi-structured interviews, and focus groups. Content analysis was conducted using text analysis software and interpretation was based on the corresponding analytical structures...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977216/experiences-in-the-family-health-strategy-demands-and-vulnerabilities-in-the-territory
#8
Antonio Germane Alves Pinto, Maria Salete Bessa Jorge, Mirna Neyara Alexandre de Sá Barreto Marinho, Emery Ciana Figueirêdo Vidal, Priscila de Souza Aquino, Eglídia Carla Figueirêdo Vidal
Objective: To understand the daily demands of Family Health Strategy in clinical practice of the team and social vulnerabilities of community territory. Method: Research with qualitative approach, in a critical-reflexive perspective, held with two teams of the Family Health Strategy, in the city of Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil. The participants were 22 users and 19 health professionals from the basic health network. Data from the interviews and observation were analyzed under the assumptions of critical hermeneutics...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977213/innovation-in-nursing-health-care-practice-expansion-of-access-in-primary-health-care
#9
Ingrid Margareth Voth Lowen, Aida Maris Peres, Carla da Ros, Paulo Poli, Nilza Teresinha Faoro
Objective: analyze the reorganization of the health care practice of nurses as an innovative strategy for expansion of access in primary care. Method: qualitative and quantitative study, which interviewed 32 management and care nurses and collected documentary data from public reports of production of nursing consultations from 2010 to 2014, in a municipality in southern Brazil. Data processing for textual analysis was performed by IRAMUTEQ software; for simple descriptive statistical analysis, the program Excel 2013 was used...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902932/non-pharmacological-interventions-to-promote-the-sleep-of-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#10
Fernanda de Souza Machado, Regina Claudia da Silva Souza, Vanessa Brito Poveda, Ana Lucia Siqueira Costa
Objective: to analyze evidence available in the literature concerning non-pharmacological interventions that are effective to treat altered sleep patterns among patients who underwent cardiac surgery. Method: systematic review conducted in the National Library of Medicine-National Institutes of Health, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Scopus, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and PsycINFO databases, and also grey literature...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902326/microstructural-evaluation-by-confocal-and-electron-microscopy-in-thrombi-developed-in-central-venous-catheters
#11
Thabata Coaglio Lucas, Eliata Ester da Silva, Danilo Olzon Dionysio Souza, Amanda Rodrigues Dos Santos, Maristela Oliveira Lara
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating thrombi microstructure developed in central venous catheters using confocal and electron microscopy. METHOD: An experimental, descriptive study carrying out a microstructural evaluation of venous thrombi developed in central venous catheters using Scanning Electron Microscopy and Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy. RESULTS: A total of 78 venous catheters were collected over a period of three months. Different fibrin structures were distinguished: fibrin plates, fibrin network, and fibrin fibers...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902324/influence-of-sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Lara Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Pereira, Cláudia Chaves
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the quality of life of Portuguese patients with schizophrenia and linking it to sociodemographic and clinical aspects. METHOD: A quantitative cross-sectional study carried out with individuals affected by schizophrenia, living in the entire continental territory of Portugal, through application of a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the Quality of Life Scale short version (QLS7PT). Parametric and non-parametric tests were performed to evaluate the correlation between variables...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902323/hand-hygiene-compliance-of-healthcare-professionals-in-an-emergency-department
#13
Caroline Zottele, Tania Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Angela Isabel Dos Santos Dullius, Adriane Cristina Bernat Kolankiewicz, Juliana Dal Ongaro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze compliance with hand hygiene by healthcare professionals in an emergency department unit. METHOD: This is a longitudinal quantitative study developed in 2015 with healthcare professionals from a university hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Each professional was monitored three times by direct non-participant observation at WHO's five recommended moments in hand hygiene, taking the concepts of opportunity, indication and action into account...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832856/hospitalizations-for-primary-care-sensitive-conditions-in-pelotas-brazil-1998-to-2012
#14
Juvenal Soares Dias da Costa, Ana Maria Ferreira Borges Teixeira, Mauricio Moraes, Eliane Schneider Strauch, Denise Silva da Silveira, Maria Laura Vidal Carret, Everton Fantinel
Objective: To verify the hospitalization trend for primary care sensitive-conditions in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil from 1998 to 2012. Methods: An ecological study compared hospitalizations rates of the city of Pelotas with the rest of state of Rio Grande do Sul. Analysis was conducted using direct standardization of rates, coefficients were stratified by sex and the Poisson regression was used. Results: Hospitalizations for sensitive conditions decreased in Pelotas and Rio Grande do Sul...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832758/risk-factors-for-syphilis-in-women-case-control-study
#15
Vilma Costa de Macêdo, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Paulo Germano de Frias, Luciana Maria Delgado Romaguera, Silvana de Fátima Ferreira Caires, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sociodemographic, behavioral, and health care factors related to the occurrence of syphilis in women treated at public maternity hospitals. METHODS: This is a case-control study (239 cases and 322 controls) with women admitted to seven maternity hospitals in the municipality of Recife, Brazil, from July 2013 to July 2014. Eligible women were recruited after the result of the VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory) under any titration...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832757/structure-and-work-process-in-primary-care-and-hospitalizations-for-sensitive-conditions
#16
Waleska Regina Machado Araujo, Rejane Christine de Sousa Queiroz, Thiago Augusto Hernandes Rocha, Núbia Cristina da Silva, Elaine Thumé, Elaine Tomasi, Luiz Augusto Facchini, Erika Barbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate whether the characteristics of the structure of primary health units and the work process of primary care teams are associated with the number of hospitalizations for primary care sensitive conditions. METHODS: In this ecological study, we have analyzed data of Brazilian municipalities related to sociodemographic characteristics, coverage of care programs, structure of primary health units, and work process of primary care teams...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832709/human-capital-in-the-nursing-management-of-hospitals
#17
Ana Lúcia Arcanjo Oliveira Cordeiro, Josicélia Dumêt Fernandes, Maria Deolinda Antunes Luz Lopes Dias Mauricio, Rosana Maria de Oliveira Silva, Claudia Silva Marinho Antunes de Barros, Cátia Maria Costa Romano
OBJECTIVE: To analyze how the components of human capital are used in the nursing management of hospital organizations. METHOD: This was an exploratory and qualitative study. Data collection took place between October 2014 and May 2015 using semi-structured interviews. The data were analyzed according to content analysis. RESULTS: Twelve nurse managers participated. The components of human capital used by the nurses in personnel management were: during the hiring process, when requiring specialized education in the field and prior professional experience; when retaining talents with promotion strategies; in building capacities of professionals through support and training; and in collective work to construct processes and outcome assessment...
August 17, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832708/resilience-of-the-health-team-in-caring-for-people-with-mental-disorders-in-a-psychiatric-hospital
#18
Débora Felippe Brolese, Greice Lessa, José Luís Guedes Dos Santos, Jucimara da Silva Mendes, Kamylla Santos da Cunha, Jeferson Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating and understanding the resilience process of the health team in caring for people with mental disorders in a psychiatric hospital. METHOD: A mixed-method study with concomitant triangulation of data from a cross-sectional study, with health professionals, and Grounded Theory in the data. Quantitative data were collected using the Resilience Scale and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Qualitative data were obtained from interviews and analyzed using initial and focused coding...
August 17, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793120/functional-health-literacy-and-adherence-to-the-medication-in-older-adults-integrative-review
#19
Nidia Farias Fernandes Martins, Daiane Porto Gautério Abreu, Bárbara Tarouco da Silva, Deisa Salyse Dos Reis Cabral Semedo, Marlene Teda Pelzer, Fabiana Souza Ienczak
Objective: to characterize the national and international scientific production on the relationship of Functional Health Literacy and the adherence to the medication in older adults. Method: integrative review of literature, searching the following online databases: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO); Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS); Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE); and Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), in June 2016...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793115/geriatric-care-ways-and-means-of-providing-comfort
#20
Patricia Cruz Pontifice Sousa Valente Ribeiro, Rita Margarida Dourado Marques, Marta Pontifice Ribeiro
Objective: To know the ways and means of comfort perceived by the older adults hospitalized in a medical service. Method: Ethnographic study with a qualitative approach. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 22 older adults and participant observation of care situations. Results: The ways and means of providing comfort are centered on strategies for promoting care mobilized by nurses and recognized by patients(clarifying/informing, positive interaction/communication, music therapy, touch, smile, unconditional presence, empathy/proximity relationship, integrating the older adult or the family as partner in the care, relief of discomfort through massage/mobilization/therapy) and on particular moments of comfort (the first contact, the moment of personal hygiene, and the visit of the family), which constitute the foundation of care/comfort...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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