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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901220/zarit-burden-interview-psychometric-indicators-applied-in-older-people-caregivers-of-other-elderly
#1
Mariana Bianchi, Leticia Decimo Flesch, Erika Valeska da Costa Alves, Samila Sathler Taveres Batistoni, Anita Liberalesso Neri
Objective: to derive psychometric indicators of construct validity and internal consistence of the Zarit Burden Interview scale for caregivers, describing associations of the scale with metrics related to care demands, coping strategies and depression in aged caregivers. Method: crosscutting descriptive and correlational study. The convenience sample was composed by a hundred and twenty one senior caregivers (Avg=70.5 ± 7.2 years, 73% women). They answered a questionnaire to check the physical and cognitive demands of care, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), the California Inventory of Coping Strategies and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828684/development-policy-for-the-brazilian-health-industry-and-qualification-of-national-public-laboratories
#2
Ana Luiza d'Ávila Viana, Hudson Pacifico da Silva, Nelson Ibañez, Fabíola Lana Iozzi
Technological innovations play a decisive role in societies' development by contributing to economic growth and the population's welfare. The state has a key role in this process by inducing innovative behavior, strategies, and decisions. This study addresses Brazil's current policy for development of the health industry and its effects on qualification of national public laboratories by contextualizing different cycles of interaction between health policy and the industrial base, discussing the government's development strategy and the transfer and absorption of health technology (through Industrial Development Partnerships), and presenting two current partnerships involving public laboratories in the production of medicines and vaccines...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828680/from-health-plan-companies-to-international-insurance-companies-changes-in-the-accumulation-regime-and-repercussions-on-the-healthcare-system-in-brazil
#3
Ligia Bahia, Mario Scheffer, Leandro Reis Tavares, Iale Falleiros Braga
The concentration and internationalization of health plan companies in Brazil gave them a clearly financial face. Based on the need to understand the health care industry's capital accumulation patterns, the current study examines health plan companies' expansion strategies through the classification of their supply and demand characteristics by recent historical periods and an analysis of recent shareholding trends in one of the leading corporations in the Brazilian health care industry. The 1960s to 2000s witnessed changes in the scale of demands for health plans and adherence by companies to long-term accumulation strategies...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828672/healthcare-systems-the-state-and-innovation-in-the-pharmaceutical-industry
#4
Ignacio José Godinho Delgado
This article discusses the relations between healthcare systems and the pharmaceutical industry, focusing on state support for pharmaceutical innovation. The study highlights the experiences of the United States, United Kingdom, and Germany, developed countries and paradigms of modern health systems (liberal, universal, and corporatist), in addition to Japan, a case of successful catching up. The study also emphasizes the experiences of China, India, and Brazil, large developing countries that have tried different catching up strategies, with diverse histories and profiles in their healthcare systems and pharmaceutical industries...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812676/cardiac-cachexia-perspectives-for-prevention-and-treatment
#5
Marina Politi Okoshi, Rafael Verardino Capalbo, Fernando G Romeiro, Katashi Okoshi
Cachexia is a prevalent pathological condition associated with chronic heart failure. Its occurrence predicts increased morbidity and mortality independent of important clinical variables such as age, ventricular function, or heart failure functional class. The clinical consequences of cachexia are dependent on both weight loss and systemic inflammation, which accompany cachexia development. Skeletal muscle wasting is an important component of cachexia; it often precedes cachexia development and predicts poor outcome in heart failure...
October 27, 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812634/prevalence-of-latent-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-prisoners
#6
Pedro Daibert de Navarro, Isabela Neves de Almeida, Afrânio Lineu Kritski, Maria das Graças Ceccato, Mônica Maria Delgado Maciel, Wânia da Silva Carvalho, Silvana Spindola de Miranda
Objective: To determine the prevalence of and the factors associated with latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in prisoners in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional cohort study conducted in two prisons in Minas Gerais. Tuberculin skin tests were performed in the individuals who agreed to participate in the study. Results: A total of 1,120 individuals were selected for inclusion in this study...
September 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792689/-80-years-of-soial-service-in-medicine
#7
(no author information available yet)
Hace 80 años, la Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional, en voz de su director, Gustavo Baz Prada, hizo una propuesta que pronto se convirtió en realidad y finalmente en norma, la que desde entonces se conoce como SS. Esta iniciativa se vio como una manera para que los estudiantes de medicina del último año retribuyeran a la sociedad una parte de lo que esta invirtió en su educación, consolidaran su formación mediante la exposición a las realidades de todos los días en los medios más necesitados, se pusieran a prueba sobre sus verdaderas capacidades para atender pacientes y participaran en la solución de un problema de atención sanitaria que en ese entonces era mucho más apremiante que ahora...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783725/nurses-performance-on-indigenous-and-african-brazilian-health-care-practices
#8
Maria do Rosário de Araújo Lima, Maria Luísa de Almeida Nunes, Berta Lúcia Pinheiro Klüppel, Soraya Maria de Medeiros, Lenilde Duarte de Sá
Objective: to analyze the performance of nurses from the Estratégia Saúde da Família (Family Health Strategy) on health care practices rooted in African and Indigenous cultures. Methods: Thematic Oral History was used and interviews were conducted with seven participants, who worked with Primary Health Care in Northeastern Brazil. The analysis was based on Leininger's Theory of Cultural Care and the intercultural concept of human rights, among others. Results: nurses are unaware of the religious and historical context of the ethnic groups cared for and do not appreciate their self-care practices in areas with a predominance of African and indigenous cultures...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759991/percepci%C3%A3-n-de-embarazadas-y-matronas-acerca-de-los-consejos-nutricionales-durante-la-gestaci%C3%A3-n
#9
Rosana Espuig Sebastián, Ana Lucía Noreña Peña, Ernesto Cortés Castel, Juan de Diego González-San
Introducción: el estado nutricional previo de la embarazada, la adecuada ganancia de peso y la ingesta de ciertos nutrientes pueden tener una influencia importante tanto para la madre como para el recién nacido, a corto y largo plazo. Las recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de la Salud son transmitidas durante el control del embarazo por la matrona.Objetivos: analizar los principales estudios sobre la percepción de las embarazadas acerca de los consejos nutricionales recibidos e identificar las estrategias utilizadas por las matronas para su implementación...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759985/adecuaci%C3%A3-n-de-las-peticiones-de-los-niveles-de-vitamina-d-al-laboratorio
#10
Francisco Javier Valero Chávez, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Javier Cubero Juánez
Introducción: ante las nuevas implicaciones atribuidas a la vitamina D y la asociación con enfermedades tales como el cáncer, diabetes, enfermedades cardiovasculares, autoinmunes y mortalidad, no es de extrañar que se haya defendido la medición de los niveles de vitamina D en la población general. Sin embargo, no existen datos experimentales que demuestren la viabilidad y rentabilidad de la estrategia de cribado en la población y tampoco se ha comprobado la existencia de beneficios para la salud, por lo que en la actualidad solo es aconsejable la medida de 25 (OH) vitamina D en los grupos de personas de alto riesgo como indican las guías clínicas internacionales...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759973/influencia-del-suplemento-con-inulina-enriquecida-con-fructooligosac%C3%A3-ridos-sobre-el-contenido-y-la-densidad-mineral-%C3%A3-sea-tras-el-parto-y-la-lactaci%C3%A3-n-en-ratas
#11
Pilar Bueno Vargas, Manuel Manzano Martín, Inmaculada López-Aliaga, José M ª López Pedrosa
Introducción: la gestación y lactancia están relacionadas con pérdidas temporales en la densidad mineral ósea (DMO) materna. Una suplementación con calcio podría resultar beneficiosa para evitar la pérdida de masa ósea del esqueleto materno. Otros nutrientes como los prebióticos han sido identificados como responsables de un incremento en la absorción de minerales, pudiendo condicionar la mineralización ósea.Objetivo: estudiar el efecto de la suplementación de la dieta materna con el prebiótico inulina enriquecida con oligofructosa, durante la gestación y la lactancia sobre el contenido mineral óseo (CMO) y la DMO al final del periodo de lactancia...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737394/hepcidin-an-important-iron-metabolism-regulator-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Sandra Azevedo Antunes, Maria Eugênia Fernandes Canziani
Anemia is a common complication and its impact on morbimortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is well known. The discovery of hepcidin and its functions has contributed to a better understanding of iron metabolism disorders in CKD anemia. Hepcidin is a peptide mainly produced by hepatocytes and, through a connection with ferroportin, it regulates iron absorption in the duodenum and its release of stock cells. High hepcidin concentrations described in patients with CKD, especially in more advanced stages are attributed to decreased renal excretion and increased production...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683787/proposal-of-a-revisional-surgery-to-treat-severe-nutritional-deficiency-post-gastric-bypass
#13
José Sampaio-Neto, Alcides José Branco-Filho, Luis Sérgio Nassif, André Thá Nassif, Flávia David João De Masi, Graciany Gasperin
Background: The gastric bypass has nutritional and electrolyte disturbances rate of approximately 17%. The most common deficits are protein malnutrition, ferric and zinc, in addition to the vitamin. Although rare, some malnutrition stages reach such severity that ends up being necessary hospitalization and sometimes revisional or reversal surgical procedures. Aim: To present a proposal of surgical revision for treatment of severe malnutrition after bariatric surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680041/coping-strategies-of-nurses-in-the-care-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-neoplasms
#14
Naira Agostini Rodrigues Dos Santos, Antonio Tadeu Cheriff Dos Santos, Rildo Pereira da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To understand and describe the experience of the development of coping strategies during the professional life of nurses providing care to patients with facial image alteration. METHOD: Descriptive qualitative study with a hermeneutic-dialectic framework conducted in the head and neck ward of a reference hospital in Rio de Janeiro, with the participation of eight nurses and data produced through semi-structured interviews conducted between June and August 2013...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627121/strategies-for-coping-with-family-members-of-patients-with-mental-disorders
#15
Daniele Alcalá Pompeo, Arélica de Carvalho, Aline Morgado Olive, Maria da Graça Girade Souza, Sueli Aparecida Frari Galera
OBJECTIVE: to identify the coping strategies of family members of patients with mental disorders and relate them to family member sociodemographic variables and to the patient's clinical variables. METHOD: this was a descriptive study conducted at a psychiatric hospital in the interior of the state of São Paulo, with 40 family members of hospitalized patients over the age of 18, and who followed the patient before and during hospitalization. We used tools to characterize the subjects and the Folkman and Lazarus Inventory of Coping Strategies...
July 11, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627120/tuberculosis-control-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#16
Gabriela Tavares Magnabosco, Lívia Maria Lopes, Rubia Laine de Paula Andrade, Maria Eugênia Firmino Brunello, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the offering of health actions and services for the control of tuberculosis for people living with HIV/AIDS being followed up in the Specialized Care Services for HIV/AIDS in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. METHOD: quantitative, exploratory survey study. Participated 253 people living with HIV/AIDS followed up by this service, considering as inclusion criteria: individuals older than 18 years living in the city and not inmates. Data collection was conducted from January 2012 to May 2013 through interviews with the support of a specific instrument...
July 11, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622802/dengue-mortality-in-colombia-1985-2012
#17
Pablo Chaparro-Narváez, Willian León-Quevedo, Carlos Andrés Castañeda-Orjuela
INTRODUCTION: Dengue in Colombia is an important public health problem due to the huge economic and social costs it has caused, especially during the disease outbreaks.  OBJECTIVE: To describe the behavior of dengue mortality in Colombia between 1985 and 2012.  MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a descriptive study. Information was obtained from mortality and population projection databases provided by the Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE) for the 1985-2012 period...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598786/prioritization-of-strategies-to-approach-the-judicialization-of-health-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#18
Carlos Eduardo Pinzón-Flórez, Evelina Chapman, Leonardo Cubillos, Ludovic Reveiz
OBJECTIVE: To describe strategies that contribute to the comprehensive approach to the judicialization of health in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: A search was structured to identify articles presenting strategies to approach the judicialization of health. A survey was designed, which included actors of the health system and judiciary sector. We prioritized the strategies qualified by more than the 50.0% of the participants as "very relevant"...
September 1, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598785/estimation-of-hiv-incidence-in-two-brazilian-municipalities-2013
#19
Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Orlando da Costa Ferreira, Ana Maria de Brito, Karin Regina Luhm, Clea Elisa Lopes Ribeiro, Ana Maria Silva, Ana Maria Salustiano Cavalcanti, Tomoko Sasazawa Ito, Sonia Mara Raboni, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza, Gerson Fernando Mendes Pereira
OBJECTIVE: To estimate HIV incidence in two Brazilian municipalities, Recife and Curitiba, in the year of 2013. METHODS: The method for estimating incidence was based on primary information, resulting from the Lag-Avidity laboratory test for detection of recent HIV infections, applied in a sample of the cases diagnosed in the two cities in 2013. For the estimation of the HIV incidence for the total population of the cities, the recent infections detected in the research were annualized and weighted by the inverse of the probability of HIV testing in 2013 among the infected and not diagnosed cases...
September 1, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598626/transition-of-the-morbidity-and-mortality-profile-in-a-municipality-in-the-interior-of-the-brazilian-amazon
#20
Gabriel de Deus Vieira, Sergio de Almeida Basano, Luís Marcelo Aranha Camargo
INTRODUCTION: The morbidity and mortality profile in a given region reflects its quality of life and provides tools for improving public health policies in that region. METHODS: A cross-sectional epidemiological study was performed using secondary mortality data collected from the Monte Negro municipality of the Brazilian Western Amazon from 2000 to 2011. These data were compared with data from similar municipalities in other Brazilian macro-regions. Data were obtained through the Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS) information system...
July 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
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