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Tiliroside

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539736/antiprotozoal-activities-of-tiliroside-and-other-compounds-from-sphaeralcea-angustifolia-cav-g-don
#1
Fernando Calzada, Jose Correa Basurto, Elizabeth Barbosa, Claudia Velázquez, Normand García Hernández, R M Ordoñez Razo, David Mendez Luna, Lilian Yepez Mulia
BACKGROUND: Sphaeralcea angustifolia (Malvaceae) is extensively used in Mexican traditional medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea and dysentery. OBJECTIVE: The current study was to validate the traditional use of S. angustifolia for the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery on biological grounds using in vitro antiprotozoal activity and computational experiments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ethanol extract, subsequent fractions, flavonoids, phenolic acids, and a sterol were evaluated on Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia trophozoites...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539715/antiprotozoal-antibacterial-and-antidiarrheal-properties-from-the-flowers-of-chiranthodendron-pentadactylon-and-isolated-flavonoids
#2
Fernando Calzada, Teresa Juárez, Normand García-Hernández, Miguel Valdes, Oscar Ávila, Lilian Yepez Mulia, Claudia Velázquez
BACKGROUND: Chiranthodendron pentadactylon Larreat. (Sterculiaceae) is a Mexican plant used in traditional medicine for the treatment of heart disease symptoms and infectious diarrhea. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in vitro antiprotozoal and antibacterial activities and in vivo antidiarrheal activity from the flowers of C. pentadactylon using the extract, fractions, and major isolated flavonoids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bioassay-guided fractionation of the methanol extract of C...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453223/molecularly-imprinted-polymers-for-the-selective-extraction-of-tiliroside-from-the-flowers-of-edgeworthia-gardneri-wall-meisn
#3
Die Gao, Qi-Feng Fu, Lu-Jun Wang, Dan-Dan Wang, Kai-Lian Zhang, Feng-Qing Yang, Zhi-Ning Xia
Nano-sized molecularly imprinted polymers for tiliroside were successfully prepared by a precipitation polymerization method. Acrylamide, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, azobisisobutyronitrile and acetonitrile/dimethyl sulfoxide mixture were used as functional monomer, cross-linker, initiator and porogen, respectively. The structural feature and morphological characterization of tiliroside-imprinted polymers were performed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy, respectively...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385048/a-new-alkaloid-and-flavonoids-isolated-from-solanum-cernuum-leaves-by-high-performance-countercurrent-chromatography
#4
Amaro Chaves Ramos, Rodrigo Rodrigues de Oliveira
Solanum cernuum is a medicinal plant widely distributed in south-east regions of Brazil and popularly used to treat several disorders. Despite their utilisation as a medicine, few studies on its chemical composition are reported. An efficient separation method for the ethyl acetate fraction was developed by high-performance countercurrent chromatography using n-butanol/chloroform/methanol/water (3:7:3:4, v/v/v/v) as the solvent system, affording five compounds (1-5) in one-step separation. A new cyclic guanidine alkaloid named cernidine (5) was obtained, besides four glycosylated flavonoids: afzelin (1), astragalin (2), kaempferol 3-O-α[apiofuranosyl-(1 → 2)]-α-rhamnopyranoside (3) and kaempferol 3-O-α[apiofuranosyl-(1→2)]-β-galactopyranoside (4)...
April 7, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294523/flavonoids-from-potentilla-parvifolia-fisch-and-their-neuroprotective-effects-in-human-neuroblastoma-sh-sy5y-cells-in-vitro
#5
Zhenzhen Yuan, Guangxiang Luan, Zhenhua Wang, Xueyan Hao, Ji Li, Yourui Suo, Gang Li, Honglun Wang
Potentilla parvifolia Fisch. (Rosaceae) is a traditional medicinal plant in China. In this study, seven flavonoids, ayanin (1), tricin (2), quercetin (3), tiliroside (4), miquelianin (5), isoquercitrin (6), and astragalin (7), were separated and purified from ethanol extractive fractions from ethanol extracts of P. parvifolia using a combination of sevaral chromatographic methods. The human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were differentiated with all trans-retinoic acid and treated with okadaic acid to induce tau protein phosphorylation and synaptic atrophy, which could establish an Alzheimer's disease cell model...
March 11, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208718/on-line-screening-isolation-and-identification-of-antioxidant-compounds-of-helianthemum-ruficomum
#6
Yasmine Chemam, Samir Benayache, Eric Marchioni, Minjie Zhao, Paul Mosset, Fadila Benayache
Many Helianthemum species (Cistaceae) are recognized for their various medicinal virtues. Helianthemum ruficomum is an endemic species to the septentrional Sahara on which no report is available so far. The purpose of this work was to investigate the chemical composition and the radical scavenging capacity of this species and its isolated components. Collected from Mougheul (south-west of Algeria), the aerial parts were macerated with 80% EtOH/H₂O, after evaporation, the remaining extract was diluted with H₂O and extracted with petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol...
February 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118725/synergistic-antibacterial-effects-of-herbal-extracts-and-antibiotics-on-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-a-computational-and-experimental-study
#7
Chiu-Fai Kuok, Sai-On Hoi, Chi-Fai Hoi, Chi-Hong Chan, Io-Hong Fong, Cheong-Kei Ngok, Li-Rong Meng, Pedro Fong
Antibiotic resistance has become a serious global concern, and the discovery of antimicrobial herbal constituents may provide valuable solutions to overcome the problem. In this study, the effects of therapies combining antibiotics and four medicinal herbs on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were investigated. Specifically, the synergistic effects of Magnolia officinalis, Verbena officinalis, Momordica charantia, and Daphne genkwa in combination with oxacillin or gentamicin against methicillin-resistant (ATCC43300) and methicillin-susceptible (ATCC25923) S...
April 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088385/flavonoid-derivative-fla-cn-inhibited-adipocyte-differentiation-via-activating-ampk-and-up-regulating-microrna-27-in-3t3-l1-cells
#8
Chun-Chun Gan, Tian-Wen Ni, Yang Yu, Nan Qin, Ying Chen, Mei-Na Jin, Hong-Quan Duan
Fla-CN (3-O-[(E)-4-(4-cyanophenyl)-2-oxobut-3-en-1-yl] kaempferol) is a semi-synthesized flavonoid derivative of tiliroside which exhibited anti-diabetic effect in vivo. Our previous study revealed the role of Fla-CN in anti-obesity and anti-diabetes in vivo, but the underlying mechanism remained to be addressed. The present study aimed to investigate the mechanism of anti-adipogenesis in vitro. Fla-CN markedly inhibited intracellular lipid accumulation in a dose-dependent manner, and the inhibitory effect was mainly limited to the early stage of adipocyte differentiation in vitro...
February 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951697/experimental-modeling-of-flavonoid-biomembrane-interactions
#9
Didem Sanver, Brent S Murray, Amin Sadeghpour, Michael Rappolt, Andrew L Nelson
Nonspecific interactions of flavonoids with lipids can alter the membrane's features (e.g., thickness and fluctuations) as well as influence their therapeutic potentials. However, relatively little is known about the details of how flavonoids interact with lipid components. Structure-dependent interactions of a variety of flavonoids with phospholipid monolayers on a mercury (Hg) film electrode were established by rapid cyclic voltammetry (RCV). The data revealed that flavonoids adopting a planar configuration altered the membrane properties more significantly than nonplanar flavonoids...
December 13, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690380/flavonoids-from-litsea-japonica-inhibit-ages-formation-and-rat-lense-aldose-reductase-in-vitro-and-vessel-dilation-in-zebrafish
#10
Ik-Soo Lee, Yu Jin Kim, Seung-Hyun Jung, Joo-Hwan Kim, Jin Sook Kim
In our ongoing efforts to identify effective naturally sourced agents for the treating of diabetic complications, two new (1 and 2) and 11 known phenolic compounds (3-13) were isolated from an 80 % ethanol extract of Litsea japonica leaves. The structures of the new compounds were established by spectroscopic and chemical studies. These isolates (1-13) were subjected to an in vitro bioassay evaluating their inhibitory activity on advanced glycation end products formation and rat lens aldose reductase activity...
February 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396196/chemical-constituents-from-the-roots-stems-and-leaves-of-diplomorpha-sikokiana
#11
Hari Prasad Devkota, Khem Raj Joshi, Takashi Watanabe, Shoji Yahara
Four diarylpentanoids (1-4), two phenylpropanoids (5-6), three biflavonoids (7-9), two lignans (10-11) and a coumarin (12) were isolated from the roots of Diploniorpha sikokiana (Franchet & Savatier) Honda (Family: Thymelaeaceae). Similarly, two phenylpropanoids (5-6), five biflavonoids (7-9, 13, 14), three lignans (11, 15, 16), a flavonoid (17) and two coumarins (12, 18) were isolated from the stems, and five flavonoids (17, 19-22) from the leaves. Among them, 1,5-diphenyl-l-pentanone (1), 1,5-diphenyl-2-penten-l-one (2), 3(S)-hydroxy-1,5-diphenylpentane (3), stelleranol (8), (-)-syringaresinol (10), (-)-pinoresinol 4,4'-di-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (11), apiosylskimmin (12), syringaresinol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), quercetin 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (19), kaempferol 3-0-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (20) and tiliroside (21) were isolated for the first time from D...
April 2016: Natural Product Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350007/the-flower-of-edgeworthia-gardneri-wall-meisn-suppresses-adipogenesis-through-modulation-of-the-ampk-pathway-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#12
Die Gao, Yong-Lan Zhang, Feng-Qing Yang, Fan Li, Qi-Hui Zhang, Zhi-Ning Xia
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The flower of Edgeworthia gardneri (Wall.) Meisn., locally named "Lvluohua, ", has been widely used as Tibetan folk medicine for the treatment of metabolic diseases for a long time. AIM OF THIS STUDY: To evaluate the anti-adipogenesis effect of ethyl acetate extract of the flower of E. gardneri (EEG extract) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Obesity-related parameters such as lipid accumulation and TG content were determined by Oil red O staining and enzymatic kit, respectively...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347085/tiliroside-the-major-component-of-agrimonia-pilosa-ledeb-ethanol-extract-inhibits-mapk-jnk-p38-mediated-inflammation-in-lipopolysaccharide-activated-raw-264-7-macrophages
#13
Xin Jin, Shiqing Song, Jing Wang, Qingzhen Zhang, Feng Qiu, Feng Zhao
In the present study, the in vivo anti-inflammatory activity of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb (AP) ethanol extract was confirmed in experimental animal models, including xylene-induced ear edema in mice and carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats. Tiliroside, the major component of AP extract, was isolated and purified by high-performance liquid chromatography. The anti-inflammatory mechanism of tiliroside was then examined using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. An MTT assay was used to determine cytotoxicity and a Griess assay was used to determine nitric oxide (NO) production...
July 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322221/high-resolution-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibition-profiling-combined-with-hplc-hrms-spe-nmr-for-identification-of-antidiabetic-compounds-in-eremanthus-crotonoides-asteraceae
#14
Eder Lana E Silva, Jonathas Felipe Revoredo Lobo, Joachim Møllesøe Vinther, Ricardo Moreira Borges, Dan Staerk
α-Glucosidase inhibitors decrease the cleavage- and absorption rate of monosaccharides from complex dietary carbohydrates, and represent therefore an important class of drugs for management of type 2 diabetes. In this study, a defatted ethyl acetate extract of Eremanthus crotonoides leaves with an inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 34.5 μg/mL towards α-glucosidase was investigated by high-resolution α-glucosidase inhibition profiling combined with HPLC-HRMS-SPE-NMR. This led to identification of six α-glucosidase inhibitors, namely quercetin (16), trans-tiliroside (17), luteolin (19), quercetin-3-methyl ether (20), 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid n-butyl ester (26) and 4,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid n-butyl ester (29)...
June 16, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26790297/-flavonoids-from-whole-plants-of-lagopsis-supina
#15
Jing Zhang, Dao-ran Pang, Zheng Huang, Hui-xia Huo, Yue-ting Li, Jiao Zheng, Qian Zhang, Yun-fang Zhao, Peng-fei Tu, Jun Li
The flavonoids were investigated from the whole plants of Lagopsis supina. The compounds were isolated and purified by various column chromatography, and their structures were identified by physiochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Two flavones were isolated from the CH2Cl2 layer of Lagopsis supina extract and identified as genkwanin (1) and 5-hydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxyflavone (2), respectively. Ten flavonoid glycosides were isolated from the water layer of Lagopsis supina and elucidated as kaempferol-3-O-6" (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl) -β-D-glucoside (3), quercetin-3-O-6"-(3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl) -β-D-glucoside (4), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside(5), kaempferol-3-Of3-D-glucoside ( 6), isorhamnetin-3-O-/-D-glycopyranoside (7), apigenin-7-O-6-D-glucoside (8), luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside (9), chrysoeriol-7-O-β-D-glucoside (10), rutin (11 ), and kaempferol-3-β-(6"-p-coumaroyl) -β-D-glucoside (tiliroside, 12)...
August 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26787614/total-phenolic-content-and-antioxidant-activity-of-some-malvaceae-family-species
#16
Adriana Maria Fernandes de Oliveira, Lilian Sousa Pinheiro, Charlane Kelly Souto Pereira, Wemerson Neves Matias, Roosevelt Albuquerque Gomes, Otemberg Souza Chaves, Maria de Fátima Vanderlei de Souza, Reinaldo Nóbrega de Almeida, Temilce Simões de Assis
The antioxidant activity of four species of the Malvaceae family (Sidastrum micranthum (A. St.-Hil.) Fryxell, Wissadula periplocifolia (L.) C. Presl, Sida rhombifolia (L.) E. H. L and Herissantia crispa L. (Brizicky)) were studied using the total phenolic content, DPPH radical scavenging activity and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) assays. The antioxidant activity of the crude extract, phases and two isolated flavonoids, kaempferol 3,7-di-O-α-l-rhamnopyranoside (lespedin) and kaempferol 3-O-β-d-(6''-E-p-coumaroil) glucopyranoside (tiliroside) was determined...
2012: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26655407/cytotoxicity-of-compounds-from-xylopia-aethiopica-towards-multi-factorial-drug-resistant-cancer-cells
#17
Victor Kuete, Louis P Sandjo, Armelle T Mbaveng, Maen Zeino, Thomas Efferth
INTRODUCTION: Multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer represent a major hurdle in chemotherapy. Previously, the methanol extract of the medicinal spice Xylopia aethiopica displayed considerable cytotoxicity against multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer cell lines. METHODS: The present study was designed to assess the cytotoxicity of compounds, 16α-hydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid (2), 3,4',5-trihydroxy-6″,6″-dimethylpyrano[2,3-g]flavone (3), isotetrandrine (5) and trans-tiliroside (6) derived from the methanol crude extract of Xylopia aethiopica against 9 drug-sensitive and -resistant cancer cell lines...
December 15, 2015: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26610436/new-sulphated-flavonoids-from-wissadula-periplocifolia-l-c-presl-malvaceae
#18
Yanna C F Teles, Carolina Campolina Rebello Horta, Maria de Fátima Agra, Weam Siheri, Marie Boyd, John O Igoli, Alexander I Gray, Maria de Fátima Vanderlei de Souza
Wissadula periplocifolia (L.) C. Presl (Malvaceae) is commonly used in Brazil to treat bee stings and as an antiseptic. The antioxidant properties of its extracts have been previously demonstrated, thus justifying a phytochemical investigation for its bioactive phenolic constituents. This has yielded five new sulphated flavonoids: 8-O-sulphate isoscutellarein (yannin) (1a); 4'-O-methyl-7-O-sulphate isoscutellarein (beltraonin) (1b); 7-O-sulphate acacetin (wissadulin) (2a); 4'-O-methyl-8-O-sulphate isoscutellarein (caicoine) (2b) and 3'-O-methyl-8-O-sulphate hypolaetin (pedroin) (3b) along with the known flavonoids 7,4'-di-O-methyl-8-O-sulphate isoscutellarein (4), acacetin, apigenin, isoscutellarein, 4´-O-methyl isoscutellarein, 7,4'-di-O-methylisoscutellarein, astragalin and tiliroside...
2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26598088/anti-obesity-and-anti-diabetic-effects-of-flavonoid-derivative-fla-cn-via-microrna-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-mice
#19
Nan Qin, Ying Chen, Mei-Na Jin, Chang Zhang, Wei Qiao, Xiao-Long Yue, Hong-Quan Duan, Wen-Yan Niu
3-O-[(E)-4-(4-cyanophenyl)-2-oxobut-3-en-1-yl]kaempferol (Fla-CN), a semi-synthesized flavonoid derivative of tiliroside, reduces whole-body adiposity, ameliorates metabolic lipid disorder, improves insulin sensitivity and benefits other disorders characterized by insulin resistance in high fat diet induced obesity mice. The improvement of insulin sensitivity and the reduction of weight gain are correlated with the changes of leptin and adiponectin levels. As a result, Fla-CN treatment could increase the expressions of pAMPK and miR-27 in the liver and adipose tissues...
January 20, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26569200/new-sulphated-flavonoids-from-wissadula-periplocifolia-l-c-presl-malvaceae
#20
Yanna C F Teles, Carolina Campolina Rebello Horta, Maria de Fátima Agra, Weam Siheri, Marie Boyd, John O Igoli, Alexander I Gray, Maria de Fátima Vanderlei de Souza
Wissadula periplocifolia (L.) C. Presl (Malvaceae) is commonly used in Brazil to treat bee stings and as an antiseptic. The antioxidant properties of its extracts have been previously demonstrated, thus justifying a phytochemical investigation for its bioactive phenolic constituents. This has yielded five new sulphated flavonoids: 8-O-sulphate isoscutellarein (yannin) (1a); 4'-O-methyl-7-O-sulphate isoscutellarein (beltraonin) (1b); 7-O-sulphate acacetin (wissadulin) (2a); 4'-O-methyl-8-O-sulphate isoscutellarein (caicoine) (2b) and 3'-O-methyl-8-O-sulphate hypolaetin (pedroin) (3b) along with the known flavonoids 7,4'-di-O-methyl-8-O-sulphate isoscutellarein (4), acacetin, apigenin, isoscutellarein, 4'-O-methyl isoscutellarein, 7,4'-di-O-methylisoscutellarein, astragalin and tiliroside...
2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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