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Phosphorylated insulin like growth factor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905891/erratum-to-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-mediated-tyrosine-845-phosphorylation-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-in-the-presence-of-monoclonal-antibody-cetuximab
#1
Gopal Iyer, James Price, Shay Bourgeois, Eric Armstrong, Shyhmin Huang, Paul M Harari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895663/mir-30a-5p-overexpression-may-overcome-egfr-inhibitor-resistance-through-regulating-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cell-lines
#2
Fei Meng, Fengfeng Wang, Lili Wang, S C Cesar Wong, William C S Cho, Lawrence W C Chan
Lung cancer is one of the most common deadly diseases worldwide, most of which is non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant NSCLCs frequently respond to the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) treatment, such as Gefitinib and Erlotinib, but the development of acquired resistance limits the utility. Multiple resistance mechanisms have been explored, e.g., the activation of alternative tyrosine kinase receptors (TKRs) sharing similar downstream pathways to EGFR...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889917/the-neuronal-insulin-receptor-in-its-environment
#3
REVIEW
Matthias Gralle
Insulin is known mainly for its effects in peripheral tissues, such as liver, skeletal muscles and adipose tissue, where the activation of the insulin receptor (IR) has both short-term and long-term effects. Insulin and the IR are also present in the brain, and since there is evidence that neuronal insulin signaling regulates synaptic plasticity and that it is impaired in disease, this pathway might be key to protection or reversal of symptoms, especially in Alzheimer's disease. However, there are controversies about the importance of neuronal IR, partly because biophysical data on its activation and signaling are much less complete than for peripheral IR...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876620/the-gabab-positive-allosteric-modulators-cgp7930-and-gs39783-stimulate-erk1-2-signalling-in-cells-lacking-functional-gabab-receptors
#4
Maria C Olianas, Simona Dedoni, Pierluigi Onali
The present study shows that the GABAB positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) CGP7930 and GS39783 stimulate extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) signalling in cells that do not express functional GABAB receptors. In human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, CGP7930 and GS39783 induced a time- and concentration-dependent increase in ERK1/2 phosphorylation with potencies similar to those displayed as GABAB PAMs. Conversely, γ-aminobutyric acid and the GABAB receptor agonists (-)baclofen and SKF97541 were completely inactive...
November 19, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870972/mek-erk-signaling-is-involved-in-the-role-of-vegf-and-igf1-in-cardiomyocyte-differentiation-of-mouse-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-cells
#5
Chunhui Wang, Wenhui Liu, Xianning Zhang, Yinghui Wang, Huan Liu, Haifang Li
BACKGROUND: We found that mouse brown adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (BATDCs), but not white adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (WATDCs), could spontaneously differentiate into cardiomyocyte-like cells in a simple culture medium. This study would find out some critical trophic factors that were responsible for such difference in differentiation, and further determine the involved signaling pathway. METHODS AND RESULTS: The cardiomyocyte differentiation capacity of cells was identified by morphological observations, immunofluorescence staining, and evaluation of expression of cardiomyocyte specific markers...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866373/involvement-of-gsk-3%C3%AE-phosphorylation-through-pi3-k-akt-in-cerebral-ischemia-induced-neurogenesis-in-rats
#6
Keishi Kisoh, Hideki Hayashi, Tsuyoshi Itoh, Mayumi Asada, Miho Arai, Bo Yuan, Kouichi Tanonaka, Norio Takagi
Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β, which is abundantly expressed in the central nervous system, regulates various cellular processes including gene expression, cell proliferation, and differentiation. However, involvement of GSK-3β in cerebral ischemia-induced endogenous neurogenesis is not yet fully understood. Appropriate strategies to prevent ischemic cell damage and subsequent severe sequelae are needed. The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between pathophysiological alteration of the GSK-3β signaling pathway and cerebral ischemia-induced endogenous neurogenesis in rats...
November 19, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857021/effects-and-mechanisms-of-metformin-on-the-proliferation-of-esophageal-cancer-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#7
Jian-Cai Tang, Rui An, Yi-Qing Jiang, Jian Yang
Purpose: To observe the effects of metformin on human esophageal cancer cell, and to investigate its possible mechanisms. Materials and Methods: Cell viability was detected by using a cell counting kit-8(CCK-8), while cell cycle and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry and western blot was used to measure the expression of the related proteins. RNAi was used to knockout pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme 2 (PKM2). An Eca109 tumor model was established to evaluate the antitumor effect in vivo...
November 11, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856640/g-protein-coupled-receptors-gpcrs-that-signal-via-protein-kinase-a-pka-cross-talk-at-insulin-receptor-substrate-1-irs1-to-activate-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#8
Nathan C Law, Morris F White, Mary E Hunzicker-Dunn
GPCRs (G protein-coupled receptors)2 activate PI3K/AKT (phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/v-AKT thymoma viral oncoprotein) to regulate many cellular functions that promote cell survival, proliferation, and growth. However, the mechanism by which GPCRs activate PI3K/AKT remains poorly understood. We used ovarian preantral granulosa cells (GCs) to elucidate the mechanism by which the GPCR agonist FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) via PKA (protein kinase A) activates the PI3K/AKT cascade. IGF1 (insulin-like growth factor 1) is secreted in an autocrine/paracrine manner by GCs and activates the IGF1R (IGF1 receptor), but in the absence of FSH fails to stimulate YXXM phosphorylation of IRS1 (insulin receptor substrate 1) required for PI3K/AKT activation...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847438/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-improves-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-through-antioxidative-and-anti-inflammatory-processes-along-with-modulation-of-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-signaling-in-rats
#9
Cheng Yu Wang, Xiang Dan Li, Zhi Hong Hao, Dongyuan Xu
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), a serious complication of diabetes mellitus, is associated with changes in myocardial structure and function. This study sought to explore the ability of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) to modulate DCM and its related mechanisms. Twenty-four male Wistar rats were injected with streptozotocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg) to mimic diabetes mellitus. Myocardial fibrosis and apoptosis were evaluated by histopathologic analyses, and relevant proteins were analyzed by Western blotting. Inflammatory factors were assessed by ELISA...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846039/activation-of-igf1-signaling-in-the-cochlea-induces-the-transcription-of-its-mediators-during-the-protection-of-cochlear-hair-cells-against-aminoglycoside
#10
Yushi Hayashi, Norio Yamamoto, Takayuki Nakagawa, Koichi Omori, Juichi Ito
HYPOTHESIS: Transcription of the Erk and Akt genes and phosphorylation of their products are promoted by insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) during hair cell protection. BACKGROUND: IGF1 protects mammalian hair cells in animal models from various types of damage, including aminoglycoside. Moreover, clinical trials have revealed that IGF1 was effective for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. In this process, activation of the downstream of IGF1 signaling, including the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and AKT proteins, is involved...
November 14, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812134/quantification-of-igf-1-receptor-may-be-useful-in-diagnosing-polycythemia-vera-suggestion-to-be-added-to-be-one-of-the-minor-criterion
#11
Jen C Wang, Guanfang Shi, Stacey Baptiste, Maryna Yarotska, Hemant Sindhu, Ching Wong, Madhumati Kalavar, Vladimir Gotlieb, Andrei Bandarchuk, Hui Chen
Endogenous erythroid colony (EEC) formation is one of the minor criteria for diagnosing polycythemia vera (PV) according to 2008 WHO diagnostic criteria. But EEC requires bone marrow aspiration and sophisticated laboratory procedures; therefore, practically it is rarely used to diagnose PV. Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) was found to be constitutively phosphorylated and was responsible for the EEC formation in PV; therefore, we measured IGF-1R levels in the peripheral blood of 26 PV patients and compared them with those of 33 patients with secondary polycythemia and 29 normal controls...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797149/nox2-and-nox4-regulate-self-renewal-of-murine-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#12
Xueling Kang, Xiangxiang Wei, Li Jiang, Cong Niu, Jianyi Zhang, Sifeng Chen, Dan Meng
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and redox homeostasis have a pivotal role in the maintenance of stem cell pluripotency and in stem cell self-renewal; however, the mechanisms by which ROS regulate the self-renewal of stem cells have not been thoroughly studied. Here, we evaluated the role of the ROS produced by NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2) and NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4) in the self-renewal and stemness of murine induced-pluripotent stem cells (miPSCs). Targeted silencing of Nox2 or Nox4 reduced both NADPH oxidase activity and intracellular ROS levels, as well as alkaline phosphatase activity, the total number of miPSCs, the expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), IGF-1 receptor, and the phosphorylation of extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2...
October 31, 2016: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774572/amiodarone-induced-retinal-neuronal-cell-apoptosis-attenuated-by-igf-1-via-counter-regulation-of-the-pi3k-akt-foxo3a-pathway
#13
Rifang Liao, Fengxia Yan, Zhuanping Zeng, Mohd Farhan, Peter Little, Remi Quirion, Lalit K Srivastava, Wenhua Zheng
Amiodarone (AM) is the most effective antiarrhythmic agent currently available. However, clinical application of AM is limited by its serious toxic adverse effects including optic neuropathy. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of AM and to assess if insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) could protect retinal neuronal cells from AM-induced apoptosis, and to determine the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects. Accordingly, the phosphorylation/activation of Akt and FoxO3a were analyzed by Western blot while the possible pathways involved in the protection of IGF-1 were investigated by application of various pathway inhibitors...
October 24, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769028/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-igf1-affects-proliferation-and-differentiation-and-wound-healing-processes-in-an-inflammatory-environment-with-p38-controlling-early-osteoblast-differentiation-in-periodontal-ligament-cells
#14
Jan Reckenbeil, Dominik Kraus, Helmut Stark, Birgit Rath-Deschner, Andreas Jäger, Matthias Wenghoefer, Jochen Winter, Werner Götz
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate effects of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) on proliferation, wound healing and differentiation processes of human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells under inflammatory conditions and whether the protective, anabolic effects of IGF1 can attenuate unfavorable effects of interleukin-1β (IL-1β). DESIGN: Inflammation was mimicked through cell stimulation with IL-1β. PDL cells were characterized in respect to the presence of components of the IGF system and the responsive potential on IL-1β incubation...
January 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765911/integrin-%C3%AE-2%C3%AE-1-inhibits-mst1-kinase-phosphorylation-and-activates-yes-associated-protein-oncogenic-signaling-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Kwong-Fai Wong, Angela M Liu, Wanjin Hong, Zhi Xu, John M Luk
The Hippo pathway regulates the down-stream target Yes-associated protein (YAP) to maintain organ homeostasis, which is commonly inactivated in many types of cancers. However, how cell adhesion dysregulates the Hippo pathway activating YAP oncogene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. Our findings demonstrate that α2β1 integrin (but not other β1 integrins) expressed in HCC cells, after binding to collagen extracellular matrix, could inhibit MST1 kinase phosphorylation and activate YAP pro-oncogenic activities...
October 19, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765041/lack-of-interaction-between-erbb2-and-insulin-receptor-substrate-signaling-in-breast-cancer
#16
Susan M Farabaugh, Bonita T Chan, Xiaojiang Cui, Robert K Dearth, Adrian V Lee
BACKGROUND: ErbB2 Receptor Tyrosine Kinase 2 (ErbB2, HER2/Neu) is amplified in breast cancer and associated with poor prognosis. Growing evidence suggests interplay between ErbB2 and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling. For example, ErbB2 inhibitors can block IGF-induced signaling while, conversely, IGF1R inhibitors can inhibit ErbB2 action. ErbB receptors can bind and phosphorylate insulin receptor substrates (IRS) and this may be critical for ErbB-mediated anti-estrogen resistance in breast cancer...
October 21, 2016: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765027/ridaforolimus-mk-8669-synergizes-with-dalotuzumab-mk-0646-in-hormone-sensitive-breast-cancer
#17
Marc A Becker, Xiaonan Hou, Piyawan Tienchaianada, Brian B Haines, Sean C Harrington, S John Weroha, Sriram Sathyanarayanan, Paul Haluska
BACKGROUND: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) represents a key downstream intermediate for a myriad of oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinases. In the case of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) pathway, the mTOR complex (mTORC1) mediates IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R)-induced estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) phosphorylation/activation and leads to increased proliferation and growth in breast cancer cells. As a result, the prevalence of mTOR inhibitors combined with hormonal therapy has increased in recent years...
October 20, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753529/cyclin-g2-promotes-cell-cycle-arrest-in-breast-cancer-cells-responding-to-fulvestrant-and-metformin-and-correlates-with-patient-survival
#18
Maike Zimmermann, Aruni P S Arachchige-Don, Michaela S Donaldson, Tommaso Patriarchi, Mary C Horne
Definition of cell cycle control proteins that modify tumor cell resistance to estrogen (E2) signaling antagonists could inform clinical choice for estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer (BC) therapy. Cyclin G2 (CycG2) is upregulated during cell cycle arrest responses to cellular stresses and growth inhibitory signals and its gene, CCNG2, is directly repressed by E2-bound ER complexes. Our previous studies showed that blockade of HER2, PI3K and mTOR signaling upregulates CycG2 expression in HER2+ BC cells, and that CycG2 overexpression induces cell cycle arrest...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734117/igf-1-prevents-simvastatin-induced-myotoxicity-in-c2c12-myotubes
#19
Annalisa Bonifacio, Gerda M Sanvee, Karin Brecht, Denise V Kratschmar, Alex Odermatt, Jamal Bouitbir, Stephan Krähenbühl
Statins are generally well tolerated, but treatment with these drugs may be associated with myopathy. The mechanisms of statin-associated myopathy are not completely understood. Statins inhibit AKT phosphorylation by an unclear mechanism, whereas insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) activates the IGF-1/AKT signaling pathway and promotes muscle growth. The aims of the study were to investigate mechanisms of impaired AKT phosphorylation by simvastatin and to assess effects of IGF-1 on simvastatin-induced myotoxicity in C2C12 myotubes...
October 12, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730513/middle-aged-diabetic-females-and-males-present-distinct-susceptibility-to-alzheimer-disease-like-pathology
#20
E Candeias, A I Duarte, I Sebastião, M A Fernandes, A I Plácido, C Carvalho, S Correia, R X Santos, R Seiça, M S Santos, C R Oliveira, P I Moreira
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a highly concerning public health problem of the twenty-first century. Currently, it is estimated that T2D affects 422 million people worldwide with a rapidly increasing prevalence. During the past two decades, T2D has been widely shown to have a major impact in the brain. This, together with the cognitive decline and increased risk for dementia upon T2D, may arise from the complex interaction between normal brain aging and central insulin signaling dysfunction. Among the several features shared between T2D and some neurodegenerative disorders (e...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
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