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healthy eating plate

Patricia Jane Lucas, Emma Patterson, Gary Sacks, Natassja Billich, Charlotte Elizabeth Louise Evans
School meals make significant contributions to healthy dietary behaviour, at a time when eating habits and food preferences are being formed. We provide an overview of the approaches to the provision, regulation, and improvement of preschool and primary school meals in the UK, Sweden, and Australia, three countries which vary in their degree of centralisation and regulation of school meals. Sweden has a centralised approach; all children receive free meals, and a pedagogical approach to meals is encouraged...
July 11, 2017: Nutrients
Ranil Jayawardena, Pasindu Fernando, Niroshan Lokunarangoda, Anidu Keerthi Pathirana
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and there is a rising global burden. The effects of diet on cardiometabolic risk factors have been studied extensively. Healthy eating as a cost-effective approach to risk reduction in post-myocardial infarction patients is proven to be beneficial, and the "plate model" is one of the practical methods to achieve this objective. METHODS/DESIGN: The study will be conducted as a randomized, single-blind, controlled clinical trial for a period of 3 months...
July 10, 2017: Trials
Stéphanie Ward, Mathieu Blanger, Denise Donovan, Hassan Vatanparast, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer, Anne Leis, M Louise Humbert, Natalie Carrier
INTRODUCTION: Childcare educators may be role models for healthy eating and physical activity (PA) behaviours among young children. This study aimed to identify which childcare educators' practices are associated with preschoolers' dietary intake and PA levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 723 preschoolers from 50 randomly selected childcare centres in two Canadian provinces. All data were collected in the fall of 2013 and 2014 and analysed in the fall of 2015...
May 30, 2017: BMJ Open
Christopher R Gustafson, Bryce M Abbey, Kate A Heelan
Marketing techniques may improve children's vegetable consumption. However, student participation in the design of marketing materials may increase the material's salience, while also improving children's commitment and attitudes towards healthy eating. The impact of student-led design of vegetable promotional materials on choice and consumption was investigated using 1614 observations of students' vegetable choice and plate waste in four public elementary schools in Kearney, Nebraska. Data were collected on children's vegetable choice and consumption in four comparison groups: 1) control; 2) students designed materials only; 3) students were exposed to promotional materials only; and 4) students designed materials that were then posted in the lunchroom...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Katie A Loth, Melissa Horning, Sarah Friend, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Jayne Fulkerson
OBJECTIVE: To explore how families serve meals and how different service styles are associated with responsive feeding and child dietary and weight outcomes. METHODS: Baseline data from a subset (n = 75) of randomized controlled trial participants (Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment (HOME) Plus study, aged 8-12 years) were analyzed using a series of linear regression models. Adjusted means (95% confidence intervals) and beta coefficients (SEs) are presented...
June 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Maria Chan, John Kelly, Linda Tapsell
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem with significant clinical, societal, and psychosocial burdens. Nutrition therapy has been an integral part of the medical management of patients with CKD for more than a century, with the main goals of preserving kidney function and preventing complications. Nutrition abnormalities may emerge well before dialysis therapy is initiated and are associated with poor outcomes. It is therefore important to revisit nutrition management in the advanced stages of CKD to gain a broader insight into its role and effect on patient outcomes...
March 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Sandra Iuliano, Shirley Poon, Xiaofang Wang, Minh Bui, Ego Seeman
Malnutrition in institutionalised elderly increases morbidity and care costs. Meat and dairy foods are high-quality protein sources so adequate intakes may reduce malnutrition risk. We aimed to determine whether inadequate intakes of meat and dairy foods contribute to malnutrition in institutionalised elderly. This cross-sectional study involved 215 elderly residents (70·2 % females, mean age 85·8 years) from twenty-one aged-care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Dietary intake was assessed using observed plate waste...
January 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
Stéphanie Ward, Mathieu Bélanger, Denise Donovan, Jonathan Boudreau, Hassan Vatanparast, Nazeem Muhajarine, Anne Leis, M Louise Humbert, Natalie Carrier
Preschoolers observe and imitate the behaviors of those who are similar to them. Therefore, peers may be role models for preschoolers' dietary intake and physical activity in childcare centers. This study examined whether peers' behaviors predict change in preschoolers' dietary intake and physical activity in childcare centers over 9months. A total of 238 preschoolers (3 to 5years old) from 23 childcare centers in two Canadian provinces provided data at the beginning (October 2013 and 2014) and the end (June 2014 and 2015) of a 9-month period for this longitudinal study...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Sarah Moore, Iain S Pratt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study explored attitudes toward two food guides currently being widely used in Australia: the Healthy Eating Pyramid and the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating Plate. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Ten focus groups were conducted with adults (aged 18+ years) and children (aged 10-17 years) across various locations in Perth, Western Australia. The discussions focused on liked and disliked aspects of each food guide and the implications for participants' perceptions of their relative usefulness...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mathieu Bélanger, Louise Humbert, Hassan Vatanparast, Stéphanie Ward, Nazeem Muhajarine, Amanda Froehlich Chow, Rachel Engler-Stringer, Denise Donovan, Natalie Carrier, Anne Leis
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a growing concern for public health. Given a majority of children in many countries spend approximately 30 h per week in early childcare centers, this environment represents a promising setting for implementing strategies to foster healthy behaviours for preventing and controlling childhood obesity. Healthy Start-Départ Santé was designed to promote physical activity, physical literacy, and healthy eating among preschoolers. The objectives of this study are to assess the effectiveness of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention in improving physical activity levels, physical literacy, and healthy eating among preschoolers attending early childcare centers...
April 12, 2016: BMC Public Health
Jerica M Berge, Carrie Hanson, Michelle Draxten
BACKGROUND: Several quantitative studies have found a protective association between family meal frequency and child and adolescent weight and weight-related behaviors (e.g., healthy dietary intake, less disordered eating behaviors). However, limited qualitative research has been conducted to understand more in depth about family meal-level characteristics (e.g., rules, responsibilities, and interpersonal dynamics) that may be risk or protective factors for child weight and weight-related behaviors...
October 2016: Childhood Obesity
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2012: Harvard Health Letter
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2012: Harvard Health Letter
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2011: Harvard Health Letter
Sean Manton, Greta Magerowski, Laura Patriarca, Miguel Alonso-Alonso
Studying how humans eat in the context of a meal is important to understanding basic mechanisms of food intake regulation and can help develop new interventions for the promotion of healthy eating and prevention of obesity and eating disorders. While there are a number of methodologies available for behavioral evaluation of a meal, there is a need for new tools that can simplify data collection through automatic and online analysis. Also, there are currently no methods that leverage technology to add a dimension of interactivity to the meal table...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Holly S Kessler
The National School Lunch Program in the United States provides an important opportunity to improve nutrition for the 30 million children who participate every school day. The purpose of this narrative review is to present and evaluate simple, evidence-based strategies to improve healthy eating behaviors at school. Healthy eating behaviors are defined as increased selection/consumption of fruits and/or vegetables, increased selection of nutrient-dense foods, or decreased selection of low-nutrient, energy-dense foods...
March 2016: Nutrition Reviews
Kelly L Haws, Peggy J Liu
Given the prevalence and rising rates of obesity in many countries, including the United States, much food decision-making research ultimately aims at understanding how consumers can make healthier choices. The two predominant choice paradigms used in food decision-making research ask consumers to choose (a) between a "vice" (or unhealthy food) and a "virtue" (or healthy food) or (b) among varying portion sizes of "vice." We propose a new food choice paradigm that encourages consumers to jointly consider both food type(s) choice and food portion size at each decision point...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
Jose Lara, Edel Turbett, Agata Mckevic, Kate Rudgard, Henrietta Hearth, John C Mathers
OBJECTIVES: To assess (i) understanding, acceptability and preference for two graphical displays of the Mediterranean diet (MD); and (ii) feasibility of a brief MD intervention and cost of adherence to this diet among British older adults. DESIGN: Two studies undertaken at the Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University are reported. In study-1, preference and understanding of the MD guidelines and two graphical displays, a plate and a pyramid, were evaluated in an educational group session (EGS)...
December 2015: Maturitas
A Oliveira, L Jones, B de Lauzon-Guillain, P Emmett, P Moreira, M A Charles, C Lopes
Problematic eating behaviours during early childhood could be mediators of poor dietary habits. This study aims to prospectively relate early eating behaviours with fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake and a healthy diet variety score of children aged between 4 and 5 years. Eating behaviours were assessed in three European birth cohorts (Generation XXI from Portugal, ALSPAC from the UK and EDEN from France) at 4-6, 12-15, 24 and 48-54 months of age, based on the child's feeding difficulties, mother's perception of child's poor eating (eating small quantities at each meal, not eating enough or needing to be stimulated to eat), food refusal and difficulties in the establishment of daily food routines...
September 14, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
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