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journal of neurology

Christopher M Bonfield, Rachel Pellegrino, Jillian Berkman, Robert P Naftel, Chevis N Shannon, John C Wellons
OBJECTIVE Both the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons Joint Section on Pediatric Neurological Surgery (AANS/CNS Pediatric Section) and the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery (ISPN) annual meetings provide a platform for pediatric neurosurgeons to present, discuss, and disseminate current academic research. An ultimate goal of these meetings is to publish presented results in peer-reviewed journals. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the publication rates of oral presentations from the 2009, 2010, and 2011 AANS/CNS Pediatric Section and ISPN annual meetings in peer-reviewed journals...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Anshit Goyal, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Mohammed Ali Alvi, Sandy Goncalves, Mohamad Bydon
A variety of surgical approaches have been described to treat low grade lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). Minimally invasive spinal fusion techniques were first introduced to minimize morbidities associated with invasive surgical treatments. Minimally invasive lateral transpsoas interbody fusion, also known as lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF), is a relatively new method of lumbar arthrodesis that avoids various approach related complications compared to its posterior and anterior counterparts...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Bernold Kenteu, Yannick F Fogang, Ulrich Flore Nyaga, Joseline G Zafack, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Joseph Kamtchum-Tatuene
INTRODUCTION: Headache disorders (HD) are among the most frequent neurological disorders seen in neurology practice. Because secondary HD are rare, patients' examination is most often unremarkable. However, the will to relieve patients' anxiety and the fear of prosecutions lead to overuse of neuroimaging thus resulting in the discovery of incidental findings (IF) or normal variants that can lead to futile or harmful procedures. Knowing the probability of identifying a potentially clinically significant lesion in patients with isolated headache could facilitate decision-making and reduce health costs...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Kyoung Sook Jeong, Jin Zhou, Stephanie C Griffin, Elizabeth T Jacobs, Devi Dearmon-Moore, Jing Zhai, Sally R Littau, John Gulotta, Paul Moore, Wayne F Peate, Crystal M Richt, Jefferey L Burgess
OBJECTIVES: Firefighters have elevated cancer incidence and mortality rates. MicroRNAs play prominent roles in carcinogenesis, but have not been previously evaluated in firefighters. METHODS: Blood from 52 incumbent and 45 new recruit non-smoking firefighters was analyzed for microRNA expression, and the results adjusted for age, obesity, ethnicity and multiple comparisons. RESULTS: Nine microRNAs were identified with at least a 1.5 fold significant difference between groups...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Emily M Bateman, Wolfgang E Schleicher, Elana J Smith, David R Sweet, Andrew D Gaudet
Early multiple sclerosis is characterized by immune-associated demyelination of CNS axons. In a recent Neurology® article, Maranzano et al. evaluated MRI scans of patients with early multiple sclerosis to study the evolution of leukocortical lesions. Their novel data suggest that acute inflammation after blood-brain barrier leakage may contribute to gray matter cortical lesions in early multiple sclerosis.
February 20, 2018: Neurology
Jina Pakpoor, Li Liu, David Yousem
Career progression in academic medicine is partly influenced by publication productivity. There has been a significant increase in female authorship over a 35-year time period at both the first and senior authorship positions in 3 high impact factor neurology journals in the United States. While these trends are encouraging, a sex gap remains. Institutions/departments may wish to consider further strategies for trainees and faculty that can help to maintain momentum and narrow the gap further.
February 14, 2018: Neurology
Christopher Kim, Raghav Gupta, Aakash Shah, Evan Madill, Arpan V Prabhu, Nitin Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Patients are increasingly turning to online resources to inquire about individual physicians and to gather health information. However, little research exists studying the online presence of neurosurgeons across the country. This study aims to characterize these online profiles and assess the scope of neurosurgeons' digital identities. METHODS: Medicare-participating neurological surgeons from the United States and Puerto Rico were identified using the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Physician Comparable Downloadable File...
February 7, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Lotfi Miladi, Mathilde Gaume, Nejib Khouri, Michael Johnson, Vicken Topouchian, Christophe Glorion
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. OBJECTIVES: To report the results of an alternative technique using a minimally invasive fusionless surgery. The originality is based on the progressive correction of the deformities with proximal and distal fixation and on the reliability of the pelvic fixation using ilio-sacral screws on osteoporotic bones. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal deformities are common in neuromuscular diseases. Conventional treatment involves bracing, followed by spinal instrumented fusion...
February 6, 2018: Spine
Laura K Case, Paula Jackson, Revere Kinkel, Paul J Mills
Multiple sclerosis is a disabling and progressive neurological disease that has significant negative effects on health-related quality of life. This exploratory efficacy study examined the effects of Healing Light Guided Imagery (HLGI), a novel variant of guided imagery, compared with a wait-list control in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Changes in the Beck Depression Inventory, Fatigue Severity Scale, and Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life instrument (physical and mental components) were compared between groups...
January 2018: J Evid Based Integr Med
Xiangjun Tao, Wei Gu, Xiaojuan Liu, Kaisheng Dong, Ying Wang, Shu Ding
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively evaluate the resuscitation effect of endotracheal intubation (ETI) ventilation and laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Databases such as Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Ebsco, Elsevier, OVID, Springer, Proquest, and China biomedical literature database (CBMdisc), CNKI, Wanfang database, Chinese Science and Technology Journal Full-text Database, VIP Chinese biomedical journal database were searched from the establishment of literature database to December 2017 to study the difference of effects between ETI and LMA for patients with OHCA...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Zbigniew K Wszolek, Jaroslaw Slawek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Hélio A Ghizoni Teive, Paulo Caramelli
This year marks the 75th year of publication of Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria (ANP), the official journal of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology and one of the most important neuroscience journals in Latin America. ANP was initially edited by Oswaldo Lange, its founder, and subsequently by Antonio Spina-França Netto and, in recent years, by José Antonio Livramento and Luís dos Ramos Machado.
January 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Dan Guo, Jiangtao Xie, Junjie Zhao, Tingqin Huang, Xiaoye Guo, Jinning Song
Early brain injury (EBI) plays a key role in determining the prognosis of patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Resveratrol, a natural polyphenol, serves a neuroprotection function on EBI after SAH. However, the potential mechanism of resveratrol on EBI remains to be elucidated. Akt, also known as protein kinase B, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), the downstream protein of Akt, play key roles in cell survival and apoptosis, cell cycle regulation, and cellular protein homeostasis. In the present study, we examined the effect of resveratrol on EBI and their potential relationship with the Akt/mTOR pathway, autophagy, and apoptosis...
January 22, 2018: Neuroreport
Michael D Jenkinson, Damiano Giuseppe Barone, Andrew Bryant, Luke Vale, Helen Bulbeck, Theresa A Lawrie, Michael G Hart, Colin Watts
BACKGROUND: Extent of resection is considered to be a prognostic factor in neuro-oncology. Intraoperative imaging technologies are designed to help achieve this goal. It is not clear whether any of these sometimes very expensive tools (or their combination) should be recommended as standard care for people with brain tumours. We set out to determine if intraoperative imaging technology offers any advantage in terms of extent of resection over standard surgery and if any one technology was more effective than another...
January 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fereidoon Shahidi, Priyatharini Ambigaipalan
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) include α-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3 ω-3), stearidonic acid (SDA; 18:4 ω-3), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5 ω-3), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA; 22:5 ω-3), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 ω-3). In the past few decades, many epidemiological studies have been conducted on the myriad health benefits of omega-3 PUFAs. In this review, we summarized the structural features, properties, dietary sources, metabolism, and bioavailability of omega-3 PUFAs and their effects on cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's disease, dementia, depression, visual, and neurological development, as well as maternal and child health...
January 18, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
Elin Andersson, Linda Bohlin, Johan Herlitz, Annelie J Sundler, Zoltán Fekete, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara
Introduction the early phase of stroke, minutes are critical. Since the majority of patients with stroke are transported by the Emergency Medical Service (EMS), the early handling and decision making by the EMS clinician is important. Problem The study aim was to evaluate the frequency of a documented suspicion of stroke by the EMS nurse, and to investigate differences in the clinical signs of stroke and clinical assessment in the prehospital setting among patients with regard to if there was a documented suspicion of stroke on EMS arrival or not, in patients with a final hospital diagnosis of stroke...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Najma Shaheen, Francis Mussai
A boy with central nervous system relapse of Burkitt leukemia developed fever and neurological symptoms and cognitive impairment. He had received multi-drug chemotherapy including rituximab. Enterovirus (EV) was detected in cerebrospinal fluid by polymerase chain reaction, and magnetic resonance imaging findings were consistent with viral infection. The patient was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin and within 1 month cleared his EV. Rituximab can cause a profound B-cell deficiency predisposing patients to infections including EV encephalitis...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Alexander Fjældstad
We perceive the world through our senses. The dependence on these sensory stimuli becomes obvious when we see a visually impaired individual with a guide dog or an individual using sign language. However, individuals with olfactory deficits suffer from a more concealed impairment without any opportunity for diagnostics or treatment in the Danish healthcare system. Around a fifth of the population experience olfactory deficits, of which 1-2% are functionally anosmic. The personal consequences for anosmics can be extensive, lacking not only in hedonic yield related to eating and drinking, but also the socialization during dinners can become niggling...
January 2018: Danish Medical Journal
Ferrán Catalá-López, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Matthew J Page, Brian Hutton, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent
BACKGROUND: The management of comorbidity and multimorbidity poses major challenges to health services around the world. Analysis of scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity is limited in the biomedical literature. This study aimed to map global scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity to understand the maturity and growth of the area during the past decades. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of the Web of Science...
2018: PloS One
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