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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350557/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-their-health-benefits
#1
Fereidoon Shahidi, Priyatharini Ambigaipalan
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) include α-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3 ω-3), stearidonic acid (SDA; 18:4 ω-3), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5 ω-3), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA; 22:5 ω-3), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 ω-3). In the past few decades, many epidemiological studies have been conducted on the myriad health benefits of omega-3 PUFAs. In this review, we summarized the structural features, properties, dietary sources, metabolism, and bioavailability of omega-3 PUFAs and their effects on cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's disease, dementia, depression, visual, and neurological development, as well as maternal and child health...
January 18, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321713/two-branches-of-the-same-tree-a-brief-history-of-turkish-neuropsychiatric-society-1914-2016
#2
Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317012/prehospital-identification-of-patients-with-a-final-hospital-diagnosis-of-stroke
#3
Elin Andersson, Linda Bohlin, Johan Herlitz, Annelie J Sundler, Zoltán Fekete, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara
Introduction the early phase of stroke, minutes are critical. Since the majority of patients with stroke are transported by the Emergency Medical Service (EMS), the early handling and decision making by the EMS clinician is important. Problem The study aim was to evaluate the frequency of a documented suspicion of stroke by the EMS nurse, and to investigate differences in the clinical signs of stroke and clinical assessment in the prehospital setting among patients with regard to if there was a documented suspicion of stroke on EMS arrival or not, in patients with a final hospital diagnosis of stroke...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315142/enteroviral-encephalitis-in-a-child-with-cns-relapse-of-burkitt-leukemia-treated-with-rituximab
#4
Najma Shaheen, Francis Mussai
A boy with central nervous system relapse of Burkitt leukemia developed fever and neurological symptoms and cognitive impairment. He had received multi-drug chemotherapy including rituximab. Enterovirus (EV) was detected in cerebrospinal fluid by polymerase chain reaction, and magnetic resonance imaging findings were consistent with viral infection. The patient was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin and within 1 month cleared his EV. Rituximab can cause a profound B-cell deficiency predisposing patients to infections including EV encephalitis...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301613/testing-olfactory-function-and-mapping-the-structural-olfactory-networks-in-the-brain
#5
Alexander Fjældstad
We perceive the world through our senses. The dependence on these sensory stimuli becomes obvious when we see a visually impaired individual with a guide dog or an individual using sign language. However, individuals with olfactory deficits suffer from a more concealed impairment without any opportunity for diagnostics or treatment in the Danish healthcare system. Around a fifth of the population experience olfactory deficits, of which 1-2% are functionally anosmic. The personal consequences for anosmics can be extensive, lacking not only in hedonic yield related to eating and drinking, but also the socialization during dinners can become niggling...
January 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298301/mapping-of-global-scientific-research-in-comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
Ferrán Catalá-López, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Matthew J Page, Brian Hutton, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent
BACKGROUND: The management of comorbidity and multimorbidity poses major challenges to health services around the world. Analysis of scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity is limited in the biomedical literature. This study aimed to map global scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity to understand the maturity and growth of the area during the past decades. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of the Web of Science...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282262/brain-health-and-healthy-ageing-in-retired-rugby-union-players-the-brain-study-study-protocol-for-an-observational-study-in-the-uk
#7
Valentina Gallo, Damien McElvenny, Catherine Hobbs, Donna Davoren, Huw Morris, Sebastian Crutch, Henrik Zetterberg, Nick C Fox, Simon Kemp, Matthew Cross, Nigel K Arden, Madeleine A M Davies, Andrea Malaspina, Neil Pearce
INTRODUCTION: Relatively little is known about the long-term health of former elite rugby players, or former sportspeople more generally. As well as the potential benefits of being former elite sportspersons, there may be potential health risks from exposures occurring during an individual's playing career, as well as following retirement. Each contact sport has vastly different playing dynamics, therefore exposing its players to different types of potential traumas. Current evidence suggests that these are not necessarily comparable in terms of pathophysiology, and their potential long-term adverse effects might also differ...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246622/editor-s-update-and-selected-articles-from-the-journal-of-the-neurological-sciences
#8
EDITORIAL
John D England
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243813/antiepileptic-drug-monotherapy-for-epilepsy-a-network-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data
#9
REVIEW
Sarah J Nevitt, Maria Sudell, Jennifer Weston, Catrin Tudur Smith, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common neurological condition with a worldwide prevalence of around 1%. Approximately 60% to 70% of people with epilepsy will achieve a longer-term remission from seizures, and most achieve that remission shortly after starting antiepileptic drug treatment. Most people with epilepsy are treated with a single antiepileptic drug (monotherapy) and current guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in the United Kingdom for adults and children recommend carbamazepine or lamotrigine as first-line treatment for partial onset seizures and sodium valproate for generalised onset seizures; however a range of other antiepileptic drug (AED) treatments are available, and evidence is needed regarding their comparative effectiveness in order to inform treatment choices...
December 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196944/scientometric-evaluation-of-the-global-research-in-spine-an-update-on-the-pioneering-study-by-wei-et-al
#10
REVIEW
Ozcan Konur
PURPOSE: Wei et al. evaluated the global research in spine using scientometric methods based on a sample of 13,115 papers published in 5 spine journals from 2004 to 2013. This study builds on this pioneering study and provides up-to-date and thorough information on spine based on a sample of 166,962 papers for the stakeholders. METHOD: 'Articles' and 'reviews' published in 'English' in the journals indexed by the 'Web of Science' primary databases between 1980 and 2017 were retrieved through the use of an optimal keyword set for titles of both papers and ten spine journals...
December 1, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191125/the-2017-aans-presidential-address-a-world-of-innovation
#11
Frederick A Boop
The 2016 scientific meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) focused on the theme "A World of Innovation." In his presidential address, 2016 AANS President Frederick Boop compared the historical development of the specialty of neurological surgery with that of the development of global communications. In the early years, general surgeons training in the United States would spend post-residency time abroad learning from surgical masters in Europe and other places. Since Harvey Cushing's day, neurosurgeons from around the world continue to travel abroad, with many now coming to America for training at centers of excellence...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183931/early-low-energy-versus-high-energy-enteral-nutrition-support-in-patients-with-traumatic-intracerebral-haemorrhage-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Yanfei Shen, Xuping Cheng, Manzhen Ying, Weimin Zhang, Xuandong Jiang, Kailei Du
BACKGROUND: Early enteral nutrition (EN) is associated with shorter hospital stay and lower infection and mortality rates in patients with intracerebral haemorrhage. However, high-energy support always causes clinical complications, such as diarrhoea and aspiration pneumonia, and the true benefit of high-energy support in these patients has not been investigated. The appropriate amount of energy support still needs further investigation. Therefore, we are performing a randomised controlled trial to investigate whether early low-energy EN can decrease mortality and feeding-related complications and improve neurological outcomes as compared with high-energy EN in traumatic intracerebral haemorrhage (TICH) patients...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178170/the-decline-of-basic-science-publications-in-major-emergency-medicine-journals-and-research-conferences
#13
Vinitha Jacob, Justin Belsky, David Cone
A recent publication reported on the decline of basic science publications in major medical journals in the last 20 years, making reference to the growing disconnect between basic science and clinical medicine1 . Story Landis, former director of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke also noted a striking decrease in grant applications for basic science projects in the same time period2 .In the 1980s and 90s, a number of emergency physicians commented on the importance of basic science research to the future of emergency medicine3,4,5 ...
November 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170290/cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-parkinson-s-disease-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#14
Paolo Eusebi, Oskar Hansson, Silvia Paciotti, Massimiliano Orso, Davide Chiasserini, Paolo Calabresi, Kaj Blennow, Lucilla Parnetti
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder related to α-synuclein misfolding and aggregation. For this reason, it belongs to the family of 'synucleinopathies', which also includes some other neurological diseases. Although imaging and ancillary investigations may be helpful in the diagnostic workup, the diagnosis of PD mostly relies on the clinician's expertise. Furthermore, there is a need today for markers that can track the disease progression in PD that might improve the evaluation of novel disease-modifying therapies...
November 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150902/wieacker-wolff-syndrome-with-associated-cleft-palate-in-a-female-case
#15
Natalie D Godfrey, Samandar Dowlatshahi, Madelena M Martin, Douglas M Rothkopf
Wieacker-Wolff syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome with few reported cases in the current literature. It is traditionally described in males as an X-linked recessive disorder associated with congenital contractures of the feet, progressive neurologic muscular atrophy, and intellectual delay caused by ZC4H2 mutations. The purpose of this paper is to present a female individual with a classic phenotype and cleft palate, a previously undescribed finding in this syndrome. Recent reports have demonstrated that females are rarely severely affected and phenotypic expression is difficult to predict [Zanzottera et al...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140931/hemispheric-cerebral-oximetry-monitoring-during-pediatric-seizure-activity-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#16
Thomas J Abramo, Shane McKinney, James Moore, Richard Jacobs, Gregory Albert, Mark Meredith, Nicholas Hobart Porter, Elizabeth Storm, Errin Willis, Cruz Velasco Gonzalez, Hailey Hargrave, Brad Schneider, Gergory Sharp
BACKGROUND: Sustained neuronal activity during seizures causes cellular perturbations, alterations in cerebral physiology, and potentially neurological injury, a neurological emergency. With variable clinical manifestations of seizures, frequent failure of seizure recognition by providers in pediatric and developmentally challenged patients can increase seizure complications. Neuroresuscitation should include rapid cerebral physiology assessment for increased seizure recognition and optimal neurological outcomes...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122267/effects-of-traditional-chinese-exercises-on-the-rehabilitation-of-limb-function-among-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Li Ge, Qing-Xiang Zheng, Yan-Tan Liao, Jing-Yu Tan, Qiu-Lin Xie, Mikael Rask
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review literature about the rehabilitative effects of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) on limb function among patients with stroke. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Twelve electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to February 2017, including PudMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBase, Science Direct, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and WanFang Data...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122266/tone-as-a-health-concept-an-analysis
#18
Donald McDowall, Elizabeth Emmanuel, Sandra Grace, Marilyn Chaseling
STUDY DESIGN: Concept analysis. INTRODUCTION: This paper is a report on the analysis of the concept of tone in chiropractic. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to clarify the concept of tone as originally understood by Daniel David Palmer from 1895 to 1914 and to monitor its evolution over time. METHODS: Data was sourced from Palmer's original work, published between 1895 and 1914. A literature search from 1980 to 2016 was also performed on the online databases CINHAL, PubMed and Scopus with key terms including 'tone', 'chiropractic', 'Palmer', 'vitalism', 'health', 'homeostasis', 'holism' and 'wellness'...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118960/from-the-padua-muscle-days-the-basic-and-applied-myology-and-the-european-journal-of-translational-myology-to-the-a-cm-carraro-foundation-for-translational-myology
#19
Ugo Carraro
As a young researched I had the option to work on skeletal muscle at the University of Padova, Italy. Introduced to the study of muscle denervation/reinnervation, I started a project on long term denervated muscle that still is my primary interest and took me from rodents' models of chronic muscle denervation to human spinal cord injury-related muscle denervation and its managements. On the way, I organized a series of conferences in Euganei Hills, Padua, Italy and an international journal, the Basic and Applied Myology...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111001/the-professional-practice-and-training-of-neurology-in-the-asian-and-oceanian-region-a-cross-sectional-survey-by-the-asian-and-oceanian-association-of-neurology-aoan
#20
Artemio Roxas, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Natan Bornstein, Richard Macdonell, Kheng Seang Lim, Ping-Wing Ng, Shuren Dashzeveg, Hidehiro Mizusawa, Hamed Esmatullah, Shey Lin Wu, Christopher Chen, Mohammad Kurniawan, Joung-Ho Rha, Mohammad Wasay, Niphon Poungvarin, Saman Gunatilake, Nguyen Huy Thang
OBJECTIVE: To survey AOAN member countries regarding their organizational structure, postgraduate neurology training program, and resources for neurological care provision. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey using a 36-item questionnaire was conducted among country representatives to AOAN from August 2015 to August 2016. RESULTS: A total of 18/20 AOAN member countries participated in the survey. All the countries have organized association with regular meetings, election of officers and neurology training program...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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