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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150902/wieacker-wolff-syndrome-with-associated-cleft-palate-in-a-female-case
#1
Natalie D Godfrey, Samandar Dowlatshahi, Madelena M Martin, Douglas M Rothkopf
Wieacker-Wolff syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome with few reported cases in the current literature. It is traditionally described in males as an X-linked recessive disorder associated with congenital contractures of the feet, progressive neurologic muscular atrophy, and intellectual delay caused by ZC4H2 mutations. The purpose of this paper is to present a female individual with a classic phenotype and cleft palate, a previously undescribed finding in this syndrome. Recent reports have demonstrated that females are rarely severely affected and phenotypic expression is difficult to predict [Zanzottera et al...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140931/hemispheric-cerebral-oximetry-monitoring-during-pediatric-seizure-activity-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#2
Thomas J Abramo, Shane McKinney, James Moore, Richard Jacobs, Gregory Albert, Mark Meredith, Nicholas Hobart Porter, Elizabeth Storm, Errin Willis, Cruz Velasco Gonzalez, Hailey Hargrave, Brad Schneider, Gergory Sharp
BACKGROUND: Sustained neuronal activity during seizures causes cellular perturbations, alterations in cerebral physiology, and potentially neurological injury, a neurological emergency. With variable clinical manifestations of seizures, frequent failure of seizure recognition by providers in pediatric and developmentally challenged patients can increase seizure complications. Neuroresuscitation should include rapid cerebral physiology assessment for increased seizure recognition and optimal neurological outcomes...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122267/effects-of-traditional-chinese-exercises-on-the-rehabilitation-of-limb-function-among-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Li Ge, Qing-Xiang Zheng, Yan-Tan Liao, Jing-Yu Tan, Qiu-Lin Xie, Mikael Rask
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review literature about the rehabilitative effects of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) on limb function among patients with stroke. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Twelve electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to February 2017, including PudMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBase, Science Direct, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and WanFang Data...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122266/tone-as-a-health-concept-an-analysis
#4
Donald McDowall, Elizabeth Emmanuel, Sandra Grace, Marilyn Chaseling
STUDY DESIGN: Concept analysis. INTRODUCTION: This paper is a report on the analysis of the concept of tone in chiropractic. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to clarify the concept of tone as originally understood by Daniel David Palmer from 1895 to 1914 and to monitor its evolution over time. METHODS: Data was sourced from Palmer's original work, published between 1895 and 1914. A literature search from 1980 to 2016 was also performed on the online databases CINHAL, PubMed and Scopus with key terms including 'tone', 'chiropractic', 'Palmer', 'vitalism', 'health', 'homeostasis', 'holism' and 'wellness'...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118960/from-the-padua-muscle-days-the-basic-and-applied-myology-and-the-european-journal-of-translational-myology-to-the-a-cm-carraro-foundation-for-translational-myology
#5
Ugo Carraro
As a young researched I had the option to work on skeletal muscle at the University of Padova, Italy. Introduced to the study of muscle denervation/reinnervation, I started a project on long term denervated muscle that still is my primary interest and took me from rodents' models of chronic muscle denervation to human spinal cord injury-related muscle denervation and its managements. On the way, I organized a series of conferences in Euganei Hills, Padua, Italy and an international journal, the Basic and Applied Myology...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111001/the-professional-practice-and-training-of-neurology-in-the-asian-and-oceanian-region-a-cross-sectional-survey-by-the-asian-and-oceanian-association-of-neurology-aoan
#6
Artemio Roxas, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Natan Bornstein, Richard Macdonell, Kheng Seang Lim, Ping-Wing Ng, Shuren Dashzeveg, Hidehiro Mizusawa, Hamed Esmatullah, Shey Lin Wu, Christopher Chen, Mohammad Kurniawan, Joung-Ho Rha, Mohammad Wasay, Niphon Poungvarin, Saman Gunatilake, Nguyen Huy Thang
OBJECTIVE: To survey AOAN member countries regarding their organizational structure, postgraduate neurology training program, and resources for neurological care provision. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey using a 36-item questionnaire was conducted among country representatives to AOAN from August 2015 to August 2016. RESULTS: A total of 18/20 AOAN member countries participated in the survey. All the countries have organized association with regular meetings, election of officers and neurology training program...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101995/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-tinnitus
#7
Marcus M Kessler, Marwan Moussa, Julie Bykowski, Claudia F E Kirsch, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, Asim F Choudhri, Terry D Fife, Isabelle M Germano, A Tuba Kendi, Jeffrey H Kim, Michael D Luttrull, Diego Nunez, Lubdha M Shah, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Sophia C Symko, Rebecca S Cornelius
Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. It is a common symptom that can be related to hearing loss and other benign causes. However, tinnitus may be disabling and can be the only symptom in a patient with a central nervous system process disorder. History and physical examination are crucial first steps to determine the need for imaging. CT and MRI are useful in the setting of pulsatile tinnitus to evaluate for an underlying vascular anomaly or abnormality. If there is concomitant asymmetric hearing loss, neurologic deficit, or head trauma, imaging should be guided by those respective ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) documents, rather than the presence of tinnitus...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101992/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-sinonasal-disease
#8
Claudia F E Kirsch, Julie Bykowski, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, Asim F Choudhri, David B Conley, Michael D Luttrull, Diego Nunez, Lubdha M Shah, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Rathan M Subramaniam, Sophia C Symko, Rebecca S Cornelius
Imaging of sinonasal pathology may occur for assessment of rhinosinusitis or mass lesions. Rhinosinusitis is prevalent in up to 16% of the US population with annual economic burdens estimated at 22 billion dollars. Rhinosinusitis is characterized as acute or chronic based on symptom duration; if four or more episodes occur annually, the term recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) is used. In acute uncomplicated rhinosinusitis when inflammatory change remains in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, imaging may not be required...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101988/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-penetrating-neck%C3%A2-injury
#9
Jason W Schroeder, Thomas Ptak, Amanda S Corey, Osmanuddin Ahmed, Walter L Biffl, Joseph A Brennan, Ankur Chandra, Michael Ginsburg, Michael Hanley, Christopher H Hunt, Michele M Johnson, Tabassum A Kennedy, Nandini D Patel, Bruno Policeni, Charles Reitman, Michael L Steigner, Shirley I Stiver, Richard Strax, Matthew T Whitehead, Karin E Dill
In patients with penetrating neck injuries with clinical soft injury signs, and patients with hard signs of injury who do not require immediate surgery, CT angiography of the neck is the preferred imaging procedure to evaluate extent of injury. Other modalities, such as radiography and fluoroscopy, catheter-based angiography, ultrasound, and MR angiography have their place in the evaluation of the patient, depending on the specific clinical situation and question at hand. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101981/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-cranial-neuropathy
#10
Bruno Policeni, Amanda S Corey, Judah Burns, David B Conley, R Webster Crowley, H Benjamin Harvey, Jenny Hoang, Christopher H Hunt, Bharathi D Jagadeesan, Amy F Juliano, Tabassum A Kennedy, Gul Moonis, Jeffrey S Pannell, Nandini D Patel, Joel S Perlmutter, Joshua M Rosenow, Jason W Schroeder, Mathew T Whitehead, Rebecca S Cornelius
Evaluation of cranial neuropathy can be complex given the different pathway of each cranial nerve as well as the associated anatomic landmarks. Radiological evaluation requires imaging of the entire course of the nerve from its nucleus to the end organ. MRI is the modality of choice with CT playing a complementary role, particularly in the evaluation of the bone anatomy. Since neoplastic and inflammatory lesions are prevalent on the differential diagnosis, contrast enhanced studies are preferred when possible...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095433/prospective-research-on-infants-with-mild-encephalopathy-the-prime-study
#11
C Prempunpong, L F Chalak, J Garfinkle, B Shah, V Kalra, N Rollins, R Boyle, K-A Nguyen, I Mir, A Pappas, P Montaldo, S Thayyil, P J Sánchez, S Shankaran, A R Laptook, G Sant'Anna
OBJECTIVE: To determine short-term outcomes of infants with evidence of hypoxia-ischemia at birth and classified as mild neonatal encephalopathy (NE) at <6 h of age. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective multicenter study. Mild NE was defined as ⩾1 abnormal category in modified Sarnat score. Primary outcome was any abnormality on early amplitude integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) or seizures, abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or neurological exam at discharge...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077660/successful-resuscitation-of-maternal-cardiac-arrest-with-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-guided-by-rotational-thromboelastometry-and-transesophageal-echocardiography-a-case-report
#12
Hannah Brown, Helen L Barrett, Julie Lee, Jason M Pincus, Rebecca M Kimble, Victoria A Eley
We present a case of maternal cardiac arrest during an elective cesarean delivery. Transesophageal echocardiography identified a large pulmonary artery mass, and guided resuscitation efforts. After return of spontaneous circulation, the patient developed disseminated intravascular coagulation with massive hemorrhage. Blood product selection and volume replacement were guided by rotational thromboelastometry and transesophageal echocardiography, respectively. Correction of coagulopathy was observed clinically and confirmed by rotational thromboelastometry...
October 26, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075023/no-clinical-quantifiable-benefits-between-non-surgical-and-surgical-endodontic-treatment
#13
Debra M Ferrailo, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe authors searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid and Embase Ovid. The US National Registry of Clinical Trials (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched for ongoing trials. There were no restrictions regarding language and publication date. The authors hand-searched the reference lists of the studies retrieved and key journals in the field of endodontics...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062556/neurology-research-in-saudi-arabia-urgent-call-for-action
#14
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Faisal Boker, Albaraa Algamdi, Abdulah Alkahtani
OBJECTIVES: Research activities in Saudi Arabia are promoted at the governmental and institutional levels. However, the output and quality of research conducted in the field of neurology has not yet been measured quantitatively. This study therefore aimed to analyse neurology-related publications from Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This study was conducted in January 2016. A systematic search using the PubMed(®) search engine (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA) was conducted to identify all neurology-related articles published from Saudi Arabia between January 1996 and December 2015...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054690/removable-rigid-dressings-for-postoperative-management-of-transtibial-amputations-a-review-of-published-evidence
#15
REVIEW
James P Reichmann, Phillip M Stevens, John Rheinstein, Christopher D Kreulen
Forty years of clinical experience and peer reviewed research studies support the use of non-weight bearing removable rigid dressings (RRD) as an effective means of post-operative management of transtibial amputations. We reviewed the published medical evidence regarding the use of RRDs as a postoperative management strategy, culminating in an evidence-based practice recommendation. Published peer reviewed literature on the topic was searched and classified by level of evidence based on the research design utilizing the scale recommended by the PM&R Journal (level I through V)...
October 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049097/low-serum-uric-acid-levels-in-patients-with-acute-central-nervous-system-viral-infections
#16
Xiang Li, Qiaowen Tong, Dewei Xie, Zhibo Chen, Sipei Pan, Xu Zhang, Wanli Dong
Most acute central nervous system (CNS) viral infections lead to either encephalitis or meningitis. Many neurotropic viruses may cause CNS dysfunctions through various mechanisms including oxidative stress. Serum uric acid (SUA) levels, which are associated with oxidative stress and antioxidant status, are reduced in patients with various neurological disorders, including multiple sclerosis. We investigated the possible correlation between SUA levels and clinical disease status in patients with acute CNS viral infections...
December 13, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048405/cooling-in-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-practices-and-opinions-on-minimum-standards-in-the-state-of-california
#17
C J Wusthoff, C L Clark, H C Glass, T K Shimotake, J Schulman, S L Bonifacio
OBJECTIVE: Although hospitals increasingly offer therapeutic hypothermia (TH), there is variable implementation of related services. We assessed current practices and opinions regarding what services should be required of centers providing TH in California. STUDY DESIGN: We surveyed neonatal intensive care unit physicians statewide regarding practices and opinions about services related to TH. RESULTS: Of the 50 participating centers (47% response rate), 66% offer TH...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044904/diabetes-mellitus-and-als-time-to-bridge-the-gap-between-the-bench-and-the-bed-side
#18
Ali Jawaid, Anooshay Abid, Paul E Schulz
The article of D'Ovidio et al.(1) in the current issue of European Journal of Neurology is an important addition to the growing body of evidence supporting a disease-modifying effect of metabolic disorders in neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs). Eight years ago, we first showed a protective effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in ALS. Using a very large clinical cohort (n=2,371), we found that pre-morbid T2DM was associated with a reduced risk for ALS and a 4 year delay in onset.(2) Since then, a number of studies have independently confirmed a protective effect of T2DM in ALS...
October 17, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044482/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-gaucher-disease
#19
REVIEW
Usha R Somaraju, Krishna Tadepalli
BACKGROUND: Gaucher disease is the most common lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase. Current treatment of the disease involves a choice from enzyme replacement therapy, substrate reduction therapy and hemotopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). HSCT is a high risk procedure with possible long-term benefits in the regression of skeletal and neurological changes in people with Gaucher disease. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane Review...
October 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034555/advances-and-insights-into-neurological-practice-2016-17
#20
Anthony H V Schapira
Papers published by the European Journal of Neurology reflect the broad interest of practicing neurologists in advances in the aetiology, diagnosis and management of neurological disorders. As a general journal, the proportion of papers in the different subject areas reasonably reflects the case load of a practising neurologist. Stroke represents the largest proportion of papers published, including those on pathophysiology (1-23), acute stroke management (24-47) and the outcome of patients who have suffered stroke (48-72)...
October 16, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
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