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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210013/the-relation-between-depressive-symptoms-and-self-care-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-kosovo
#1
Idriz Sopjani, Shemsedin Vehapi, Daut Gorani, Miradije Imeri, Sidita Vitoja, Shqipe Tahiri
BACKGROUND: The depression is a significant problem in patients with diabetes. This research is the first of it's kind conducted in the Republic of Kosovo to determine the prevalence of depression diagnosed in people with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) and interrelation between depressive symptoms and behavior of diabetes self-care (glucose monitoring, exercise, diet, and self- health care). METHODS: Research was conducted in the University Clinical Center of Kosovo (UCCK), in Pristine...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194080/estimation-of-work-capacity-and-work-ability-among-plantation-workers-in-south-india
#2
Suguna Anbazhagan, Naveen Ramesh, A Surekha, Farah N Fathima, Melina, Anjali
BACKGROUND: Work capacity is the ability to perform real physical work, and work ability is a result of interaction of worker to his or her work that is how good a worker is at present, in near future, and how able is he or she to do his or her work with respect to work demands and health and mental resources. OBJECTIVE: To assess the work capacity and work ability and to study the factors associated with work capacity and work ability of workers at a tea plantation in South India...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186542/lawrence-o-gostin-global-health-law-harvard-university-press-2014-hardback-560-pp-%C3%A2-42-95-isbn-9780674728844
#3
John Coggon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163654/epistemic-cultures-in-complementary-medicine-knowledge-making-in-university-departments-of-osteopathy-and-chinese-medicine
#4
Caragh Brosnan
There is increasing pressure on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to follow the evidence-based approach promoted in allied health and medicine, in which the randomised control trial represents the evidence gold standard. However, many CAM advocates see these methods as undermining the holism of CAM practice. This paper explores how such tensions are managed in CAM university departments - settings in which particular forms of knowledge and evidence are given 'official' imprimatur by CAM educators and researchers...
May 3, 2016: Health Sociology Review: the Journal of the Health Section of the Australian Sociological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159496/androgen-deprivation-with-or-without-radiation-therapy-for-clinically-node-positive-prostate-cancer-lin-cc-gray-pj-jemal-a-efstathiou-ja-surveillance-and-health-services-research-program-intramural-research-american-cancer-society-atlanta-ga-ccl-aj-department
#5
Eggener Scott
BACKGROUND: Clinically lymph node-positive (cN+) prostate cancer (PCa) is an often-fatal disease. Its optimal management remains largely undefined given a lack of prospective, randomized data to inform practice. We sought to describe modern practice patterns in the management of cN+PCa and assess the effect of adding radiation therapy (RT) to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on survival using the National Cancer Data Base. METHODS: Patients with cN+PCa and without distant metastases diagnosed between 2004 and 2011 were included...
March 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159490/chemohormonal-therapy-in-metastatic-hormone-sensitive-prostate-cancer-sweeney-cj-chen-yh-carducci-m-liu-g-jarrard-df-eisenberger-m-wong-yn-hahn-n-kohli-m-cooney-mm-dreicer-r-vogelzang-nj-picus-j-shevrin-d-hussain-m-garcia-ja-dipaola-rs-department-of-medicine
#6
Eggener Scott
BACKGROUND: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has been the backbone of treatment for metastatic prostate cancer since the 1940s. We assessed whether concomitant treatment with ADT plus docetaxel would result in longer overall survival than that with ADT alone. METHODS: We assigned men with metastatic, hormone-sensitive prostate cancer to receive either ADT plus docetaxel (at a dose of 75mg per square meter of body-surface area every 3wk for 6 cycles) or ADT alone...
March 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153986/improving-cardiovascular-health-in-diverse-populations-a-conversation-with-anushka-patel-mbbs-sm-phd
#7
Anushka Patel, John D Rutherford
Anushka Patel is the Chief Scientist, The George Institute for Global Health, Professor of Medicine, University of Sydney and a Cardiologist, at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, all based in Sydney, Australia. She obtained her MBBS from the University of Queensland, a Master of Science degree in Epidemiology from Harvard University, and her PhD from the University of Sydney.
February 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152947/measuring-value-in-bundled-payments-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#8
Tracy E Spinks, Alexis B Guzman, Randal S Weber, Ehab Y Hanna, Amy Clark Hessel, Beth Michelle Beadle, Kate A Hutcheson, James Incalcaterra, Nancy M Wood, Delrose Jones, Thomas W Feeley
: 11 Background: Value, defined as outcomes relative to costs, cannot be improved without rigorous long-term measurement. To assess value within a bundled payment pilot for head and neck cancer, we aim to generate timely, patient-centered outcomes and robust, near-real time financial tracking (Porter and Teisberg, Redefining health care. Creating value-based competition on results; Harvard Business School Press, 2006). METHODS: Clinical and quality experts created an outcome measure set for head and neck cancer, using a three-tiered outcomes hierarchy from Michael Porter of Harvard Business School as a framework...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152934/an-approach-to-implementing-meaningful-change-in-a-provincial-health-care-system
#9
Elizabeth Lockhart, Michael Donald Brundage, Margaret Hart, Mark Hartman, Sophie Foxcroft, Lindsay Elizabeth Reddeman, Carina Simniceanu, Marissa Mendelsohn, Lisa Favell, Jonathan Wang, Elaine Meertens, Eric Gutierrez, Padraig Richard Warde
: 120 Background: Radiation treatment (RT) is essential to cancer management, contributing to cure and symptom control. With increasing cancer incidence and treatment complexity, health systems must adapt to ensure patients (pts) receive the highest quality of care. METHODS: With the objective of ensuring equitable access to high-quality, safe care, Cancer Care Ontario (CCO), a provincial government agency, identified provincial variability in RT activities. As a result, CCO prioritized 3 quality initiatives over the past 7 years: 1) Access to Intensity Modulated RT (IMRT) (2008-2013); 2) Peer Review of RT plans due to increasing RT planning complexity and the existence of high-profile RT errors (2012-present); and 3) Ensuring equitable access to RT (RT Utilization) (2014-present)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150059/conceptualizing-a-public-health-prevention-intervention-for-bridging-the-30-million-word-gap
#10
REVIEW
Charles R Greenwood, Judith J Carta, Dale Walker, Jomella Watson-Thompson, Jill Gilkerson, Anne L Larson, Alana Schnitz
Early childhood experience is a social determinant of children's health and well-being. The well-being of young children is founded on their relationships and interactions with parents and family members in the home, caregivers, and teachers in early education, and friends and families in the greater community. Unfortunately, the early language experience of infants and toddlers from low-income families is typically vastly different than children from middle- and higher-income families. Hart and Risley (Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124017/medical-education-in-cyberspace-critical-considerations-in-the-health-system
#11
Shahram Yazdani, Zohreh Khoshgoftar, Soleiman Ahmady, Hassan Rastegarpour, Seyed Abbas Foroutan
INTRODUCTION: Over the past few decades, two revolutionary approaches have emerged as a new form of medical education: Electronic Medical Education and Web-based Medical Education. A number of well-known medical institutions, such as Harvard and Johns Hopkins used a wide range of cyberspace capabilities to increase their competitiveness. Researchers have expressed that cyberspace will change health system's main objective of training physicians and medical education. We conducted this study to identify the health system critical considerations on core issues, involving the development of medical education on cyberspace...
January 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081215/genome-wide-association-studies-of-multiple-keratinocyte-cancers
#12
Luba M Pardo, Wen-Qing Li, Shih-Jen Hwang, Joris A C Verkouteren, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Peter Kraft, Constance Turman, Jiali Han, Eunyoung Cho, Joanne M Murabito, Daniel Levy, Abrar A Qureshi, Tamar Nijsten
There is strong evidence for a role of environmental risk factors involved in susceptibility to develop multiple keratinocyte cancers (mKCs), but whether genes are also involved in mKCs susceptibility has not been thoroughly investigated. We investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with susceptibility for mKCs. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 1,666 cases with mKCs and 1,950 cases with single KC (sKCs; controls) from Harvard cohorts (the Nurses' Health Study [NHS], NHS II, and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study) and the Framingham Heart Study was carried-out using over 8 million SNPs (stage-1)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052061/integrated-genomic-characterization-of-oesophageal-carcinoma
#13
(no author information available yet)
Oesophageal cancers are prominent worldwide; however, there are few targeted therapies and survival rates for these cancers remain dismal. Here we performed a comprehensive molecular analysis of 164 carcinomas of the oesophagus derived from Western and Eastern populations. Beyond known histopathological and epidemiologic distinctions, molecular features differentiated oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas from oesophageal adenocarcinomas. Oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas resembled squamous carcinomas of other organs more than they did oesophageal adenocarcinomas...
January 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048147/su-f-e-14-global-radiation-oncology-education-and-training-in-medical-physics-powered-by-information-and-communication-technologies
#14
W Ngwa, E Sajo, T Ngoma, J Dachi, J Julius Mwaiselage, O Kenton, S Avery
PURPOSE: Recent publications have highlighted the potential of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to catalyze collaborations in cancer care, research and education in global radiation oncology. This work reports on the use of ICTs for global Medical Physics education and training across three countries: USA, Tanzania and Kuwait METHODS: An online education platform was established by Radiation Oncology Faculty from Harvard Medical School, and the University of Pennsylvania with integrated Medical Physics Course modules accessible to trainees in Tanzania via partnership with the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, and the Ocean Road Cancer Institute...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984760/spatial-and-temporal-variation-in-endotoxin-and-pm10-concentrations-in-ambient-air-in-a-livestock-dense-area
#15
Myrna M T de Rooij, Dick J J Heederik, Floor Borlée, Gerard Hoek, Inge M Wouters
Several studies have reported associations between farming and respiratory health in neighboring residents. Health effects are possibly linked to fine dust and endotoxin emissions from livestock farms. Little is known about levels of these air pollutants in ambient air in livestock dense areas. We aimed to explore temporal and spatial variation of PM10 and endotoxin concentrations, and the association with livestock-related spatial and meteorological temporal determinants. From March till September 2011, one week average PM10 samples were collected using Harvard Impactors at eight sites (residential gardens) representing a variety of nearby livestock-related characteristics...
December 13, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968890/patient-physician-trust-in-china-a-workshop-summary
#16
Cheris S C Chan, Yu Cheng, Yali Cong, Zhizheng Du, Shanlian Hu, Amanda Kerrigan, Arthur Kleinman, Mengfeng Li, Benjamin Liebman, Yonghui Ma, Jing-Bao Nie, Daniel F C Tsai, Duujian Tsai, Joseph D Tucker, Lijie Wang, Bonnie Wong, William C W Wong, Zeping Xiao, Juncai Xu, Yunxiang Yan, Yang Yang, Daqing Zhang, Mingjie Zhao, Jianfeng Zhu, Wei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Patient-physician mistrust has become deeply embedded in medical clinics within a wide variety of settings, including many in China. The purpose of this research was to develop a series of actionable policy recommendations to rebuild patient-physician trust in China. METHODS: Our interdisciplinary group included experts in medicine, public health, philosophy, ethics, law, regulation, China studies, anthropology, sociology, and communications. Recommendations were identified by team members and presented at a two-day workshop at the Harvard Center, Shanghai, China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932020/night-eating-syndrome-and-the-severity-of-self-reported-depressive-symptoms-from-the-korea-nurses-health-study-analysis-of-propensity-score-matching-and-ordinal-regression
#17
O-S Kim, M S Kim, J E Lee, H Jung
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of night-eating syndrome (NES) and depression is increasing worldwide. Although nurses, in particular, are exposed to work in an environment of irregular eating, shift work, and stressful settings, limited research exist. In fact, the prevalence of NES among Korean nurses has never been reported. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of NES as well as the association between NES and severity of self-reported depressive symptoms among South Korean female nurses...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925814/a-course-on-religion-and-public-health-at-harvard
#18
Tyler J VanderWeele, Harold G Koenig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914853/monitoring-the-fitness-of-antiviral-resistant-influenza-strains-during-an-epidemic-a-mathematical-modelling-study
#19
Kathy Leung, Marc Lipsitch, Kwok Yung Yuen, Joseph T Wu
BACKGROUND: Antivirals (eg, oseltamivir) are important for mitigating influenza epidemics. In 2007, an oseltamivir-resistant influenza seasonal A H1N1 strain emerged and spread to global fixation within 1 year. This event showed that antiviral-resistant (AVR) strains can be intrinsically more transmissible than their contemporaneous antiviral-sensitive (AVS) counterpart. Surveillance of AVR fitness is therefore essential. Our objective was to develop a simple method for estimating AVR fitness from surveillance data...
November 30, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905017/an-evaluation-of-preparedness-delivery-and-impact-of-surgical-and-anesthesia-care-in-madagascar-a-framework-for-a-national-surgical-plan
#20
Emily Bruno, Michelle C White, Linden S Baxter, Vaonandianina Agnès Ravelojaona, Hasiniaina Narindria Rakotoarison, Hery Harimanitra Andriamanjato, Kristin L Close, Alison Herbert, Nakul Raykar, Saurabh Saluja, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) described the lack of access to safe, affordable, timely surgical, and anesthesia care. It proposed a series of 6 indicators to measure surgery, accompanied by time-bound targets and a template for national surgical planning. To date, no sub-Saharan African country has completed and published a nationwide evaluation of its surgical system within this framework. METHOD: Mercy Ships, in partnership with Harvard Medical School and the Madagascar Ministry of Health, collected data on the 6 indicators from 22 referral hospitals in 16 out of 22 regions of Madagascar...
November 30, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
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