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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604123/well-being-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-syrian-refugees-in-jordan
#1
Niveen Rizkalla, Steven P Segal
The Syrian War has created a mass exodus of Syrian citizens to neighboring countries and exposed them to many atrocities. We explored factors affecting well-being and posttraumatic growth (PTG) of refugees residing in Jordan. Participants (N = 250) were surveyed via nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Outcome criteria included a global well-being rating and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory. Trauma exposure assessment included The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) and The War Events Questionnaire. Ordinary least squares regression examined associations between potential contributors to refugee well-being and PTG, including work, age, sex, income, education, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity, physical pain, health, NGO assistance, psychotic/affective mental disorder, and length of residence in Jordan...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566648/estimating-the-health-consequences-of-flight-attendant-work-comparing-flight-attendant-health-to-the-general-population-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Eileen McNeely, Irina Mordukhovich, Samuel Tideman, Sara Gale, Brent Coull
BACKGROUND: Flight attendants are an understudied occupational group, despite undergoing a wide and unique range of adverse job-related exposures. In our study, we aimed to characterize the health profile of cabin crew relative to the U.S. general population. METHODS: In 2014-2015, we surveyed participants of the Harvard Flight Attendant Health Study. We compared the prevalence of their health conditions to a contemporaneous cohort in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2013-2014) using age-weighted standardized prevalence ratios (SPRs)...
March 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553303/validation-of-mental-health-screening-instruments-in-the-kashmir-valley-india
#3
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Shabnum Ara, Showkat Shah, Maqbool Dar, Arshad Hussain, Altaf Paul, Zahoor Wagay, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
The present study aimed to culturally adapt, translate, and validate the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire-Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Checklist (HTQ-16) prior to use in a cross-sectional mental health population survey in the Kashmir Valley. Cultural adaptation and translation of the HSCL-25 and the HTQ-16 employed multiple forms of transcultural validity check. The HSCL-25 and HTQ-16 were compared against a "gold standard" structured psychiatric interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537993/synthesizing-risk-from-summary-evidence-across-multiple-risk-factors
#4
Ian Shrier, Graham A Colditz, Russell J Steele
Although meta-analyses provide summary effect estimates that help advise patient care, patients often want to compare their overall health to the general population. The Harvard Cancer Risk Index was published in 2004 and uses risk ratio estimates and prevalence estimates from original studies across many risk factors to provide an answer to this question. However, the published version of the formula only uses dichotomous risk factors and its derivation was not provided. The objective of this brief report is to provide the derivation of a more general form of the equation that allows the incorporation of risk factors with three or more levels...
March 13, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503723/the-potential-to-characterize-ecological-data-with-terrestrial-laser-scanning-in-harvard-forest-ma
#5
REVIEW
D A Orwig, P Boucher, I Paynter, E Saenz, Z Li, C Schaaf
Contemporary terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) is being used widely in forest ecology applications to examine ecosystem properties at increasing spatial and temporal scales. Harvard Forest (HF) in Petersham, MA, USA, is a long-term ecological research (LTER) site, a National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) location and contains a 35 ha plot which is part of Smithsonian Institution's Forest Global Earth Observatory (ForestGEO). The combination of long-term field plots, eddy flux towers and the detailed past historical records has made HF very appealing for a variety of remote sensing studies...
April 6, 2018: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499395/influence-of-the-workplace-on-physical-activity-and-cardiometabolic-health-results-of-the-multi-centre-cross-sectional-champlain-nurses-study
#6
Jennifer L Reed, Stephanie A Prince, Andrew L Pipe, Suzanne Attallah, Kristi B Adamo, Heather E Tulloch, Douglas Manuel, Kerri-Anne Mullen, J George Fodor, Robert D Reid
BACKGROUND: Nurses are the largest professional group within the health care workforce, and their work is perceived as being physically demanding. Regular physical activity helps to prevent or ameliorate cardiometabolic conditions (e.g. cardiovascular disease, diabetes). It is not known whether Canadian nurses are meeting current physical activity guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of the workplace on the physical activity and cardiometabolic health of nurses from hospitals in the Champlain region of Ontario, Canada...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494788/posttraumatic-stress-among-syrian-refugees-trauma-exposure-characteristics-trauma-centrality-and-emotional-suppression
#7
Man Cheung Chung, Mudar Shakra, Nowf AlQarni, Mariam AlMazrouei, Sara Al Mazrouei, Shurooq Al Hashimi
OBJECTIVES: This study revisited the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and examined a hypothesized model describing the interrelationship between trauma exposure characteristics, trauma centrality, emotional suppression, PTSD, and psychiatric comorbidity among Syrian refugees. METHODS: A total of 564 Syrian refugees participated in the study and completed the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), Centrality of Event Scale, and Courtauld Emotional Control Scale...
March 1, 2018: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439784/influence-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-diet-quality-in-childhood-on-the-incidence-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-during-adolescence-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
XiuYun Wu, Kerry Bastian, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul Veugelers
PURPOSE: Studies among youth suggest that physical inactivity, sedentary behaviors, and poor diet quality are associated with poor mental health. Few population-based studies have investigated these relationships longitudinally. We examined the association between physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and diet quality in childhood and the incidence of internalizing and externalizing disorders throughout adolescence. METHODS: We linked health behavior survey data from 2003 among 10- to 11-year-old children across Nova Scotia, Canada, with administrative health care data from 2003 to 2011...
February 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408561/baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-vitamin-d-and-omega-3-trial-vital-effects-on-bone-structure-and-architecture
#9
Catherine M Donlon, Meryl S LeBoff, Sharon H Chou, Nancy R Cook, Trisha Copeland, Julie E Buring, Vadim Bubes, Gregory Kotler, JoAnn E Manson
Vitamin D supplements are often used to benefit skeletal health, although data on effects of daily high-dose vitamin D alone on bone density and structure are lacking. The ongoing VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL (VITAL) is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial testing effects of high-dose supplemental vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol; 2000 IU/day) and/or omega-3 fatty acids (FAs; 1 g/day) for the primary prevention of cancer and cardiovascular disease. The study has a mean treatment period of 5 years among 25,874 U...
February 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405654/practicing-what-we-preach-a-pilot-study-on-oral-health-practices-of-dentists-in-massachusetts
#10
Romesh P Nalliah, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
AIM: Dentists are perceived as leaders and role models of good oral health, but do dentists practice what they preach? The current study was a pilot evaluation dentists of the oral health and oral health practices of dentists in Massachusetts. METHODS: The Massachusetts Dental Society sent emails to 3957 member dentists for whom an email contact was available. One reminder was sent 3 months later, and there was no incentive offered. Institutional review board approval was acquired prior to administering the survey through the Harvard Medical School Committee on Human Studies...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388531/consumption-of-processed-food-dietary-patterns-in-four-african-populations
#11
Michelle D Holmes, Shona Dalal, Vikash Sewram, Megan B Diamond, Sally N Adebamowo, Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi, Clement Adebamowo, Faraja S Chiwanga, Marina Njelekela, Carien Laurence, Jimmy Volmink, Francis Bajunirwe, Joan Nankya-Mutyoba, David Guwatudde, Todd G Reid, Walter C Willett, Hans-Olov Adami, Teresa T Fung
OBJECTIVE: To identify predominant dietary patterns in four African populations and examine their association with obesity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Setting/Subjects We used data from the Africa/Harvard School of Public Health Partnership for Cohort Research and Training (PaCT) pilot study established to investigate the feasibility of a multi-country longitudinal study of non-communicable chronic disease in sub-Saharan Africa. We applied principal component analysis to dietary intake data collected from an FFQ developed for PaCT to ascertain dietary patterns in Tanzania, South Africa, and peri-urban and rural Uganda...
February 1, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382929/energy-savings-emission-reductions-and-health-co-benefits-of-the-green-building-movement
#12
REVIEW
MacNaughton P, Cao X, Buonocore J, Cedeno-Laurent J, Spengler J, Bernstein A, Allen J
Buildings consume nearly 40% of primary energy production globally. Certified green buildings substantially reduce energy consumption on a per square foot basis and they also focus on indoor environmental quality. However, the co-benefits to health through reductions in energy and concomitant reductions in air pollution have not been examined.We calculated year by year LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification rates in six countries (the United States, China, India, Brazil, Germany, and Turkey) and then used data from the Green Building Information Gateway (GBIG) to estimate energy savings in each country each year...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373387/bibliometric-study-of-scientific-research-on-scleral-lenses
#13
Francisco Javier Povedano-Montero, Cristina Álvarez-Peregrina, Fernando Hidalgo Santa Cruz, César Villa-Collar, José Sánchez Valverde
PURPOSE: To analyze the state of scientific publications in the field of scleral lenses applying a bibliometric study. METHODS: The database used in this bibliometric study was SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature: scientific journals, books, and conference proceedings. Using remote download techniques, articles published between 1962 (year of first registrations) and 2015 were selected by entering the main descriptors: "scleral contact lenses" and "scleral lenses," limiting the field for the article, keywords, and abstract, linked with the OR tab...
January 25, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370876/the-development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-group-schema-therapy-rating-scale-revised
#14
Emily Bastick, Suili Bot, Simone J W Verhagen, Gerhard Zarbock, Joan Farrell, Odette Brand-de Wilde, Arnoud Arntz, Christopher William Lee
BACKGROUND: Recent research has supported the efficacy of schema therapy as a treatment for personality disorders. A group format has been developed (group schema therapy; GST), which has been suggested to improve both the clinical and cost-effectiveness of the treatment. AIMS: Efficacy studies of GST need to assess treatment fidelity. The aims of the present study were to improve, describe and evaluate a fidelity measure for GST, the Group Schema Therapy Rating Scale - Revised (GSTRS-R)...
January 26, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370810/global-action-for-training-in-malaria-elimination
#15
Dyann F Wirth, Núria Casamitjana, Marcel Tanner, Michael R Reich
The Rethinking Malaria Leadership Forum, held at Harvard Business School in February 2017 with collaboration of the Barcelona Institute for Global Health and the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, identified this training gap as a high priority for both analysis and action. The gap in human resource training for malaria elimination needs to be addressed in order to assure continued progress. This paper identifies major gaps in skills and human resources, suggests institutions that can assist in filling the training gaps, and proposes global actions to implement expanded training for malaria elimination in endemic countries...
January 25, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349713/patient-reported-outcomes-of-catheter-based-accelerated-partial-breast-brachytherapy-and-whole-breast-irradiation-a-single-institution-experience
#16
Krishan R Jethwa, Mohamed M Kahila, Kristin C Mara, William S Harmsen, David M Routman, Geralyn M Pumper, Kimberly S Corbin, Jeff A Sloan, Kathryn J Ruddy, Tina J Hieken, Sean S Park, Robert W Mutter
PURPOSE: Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) and whole breast irradiation (WBI) are treatment options for early-stage breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to compare patient-reported-outcomes (PRO) between patients receiving multi-channel intra-cavitary brachytherapy APBI or WBI. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 131 patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or early stage invasive breast cancer were treated with adjuvant APBI (64) or WBI (67) and participated in a PRO questionnaire...
May 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313034/the-wyss-institute-a-new-model-for-medical-technology-innovation-and-translation-across-the-academic-industrial-interface
#17
REVIEW
Mary Tolikas, Ayis Antoniou, Donald E Ingber
The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University was formed based on the recognition that breakthrough discoveries cannot change the world if they never leave the laboratory. The Institute's mission is to discover the biological principles that Nature uses to build living things, and to harness these insights to create biologically inspired engineering innovations to advance human health and create a more sustainable world. Since its launch in 2009, the Institute has developed a new model for innovation, collaboration, and technology translation within academia, breaking "silos" to enable collaborations that cross institutional and disciplinary barriers...
September 2017: Bioengineering & Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298301/mapping-of-global-scientific-research-in-comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#18
Ferrán Catalá-López, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Matthew J Page, Brian Hutton, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent
BACKGROUND: The management of comorbidity and multimorbidity poses major challenges to health services around the world. Analysis of scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity is limited in the biomedical literature. This study aimed to map global scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity to understand the maturity and growth of the area during the past decades. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of the Web of Science...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295715/symptoms-related-to-new-flight-attendant-uniforms
#19
Eileen McNeely, Steven J Staffa, Irina Mordukhovich, Brent Coull
BACKGROUND: Flight attendants at Alaska Airlines reported health symptoms after the introduction of new uniforms in 2011. The airline replaced the uniforms in 2014 without acknowledging harm. To understand possible uniform-related health effects, we analyzed self-reported health symptoms in crew who participated in the Harvard Flight Attendant Health Study between 2007 and 2015, the period before, during, and after the introduction of new uniforms. METHODS: We calculated a standardized prevalence of respiratory, dermatological and allergic symptoms at baseline, as well as during and after uniform changes in 684 flight attendants with a varying number of surveys completed across each time point...
January 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290170/cost-effectiveness-of-drugs-to-treat-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma-in-the-united-states
#20
Josh J Carlson, Gregory F Guzauskas, Richard H Chapman, Patricia G Synnott, Shanshan Liu, Elizabeth T Russo, Steven D Pearson, Elizabeth D Brouwer, Daniel A Ollendorf
BACKGROUND: New 3-drug regimens have been developed and approved to treat multiple myeloma (MM). The absence of direct comparative data and the high cost of treatment support the need to assess the relative clinical and economic outcomes across all approved regimens. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of treatments for relapsed and/or refractory MM from a U.S. health system perspective. METHODS: We developed a partition survival model with 3 health states (progression-free, progression, and death) to evaluate the following regimens: carfilzomib (CFZ), elotuzumab (ELO), ixazomib (IX), daratumumab (DAR), and panobinostat (PAN) in combination with lenalidomide (LEN) or bortezomib (BOR) plus dexamethasone (DEX) in the second and/or third line of therapy...
January 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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