keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Harvard health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171194/third-person-self-talk-reduces-ebola-worry-and-risk-perception-by-enhancing-rational-thinking
#1
Ethan Kross, Brian D Vickers, Ariana Orvell, Izzy Gainsburg, Tim P Moran, Margaret Boyer, John Jonides, Jason Moser, Ozlem Ayduk
BACKGROUND: During the fall of 2014, the threat of an Ebola outbreak gripped the United States (Poll, 8-12 October 2014; see Harvard School of Public Health & SSRS, 2014), creating a unique opportunity to advance basic knowledge concerning how emotion regulation works in consequential contexts and translate existing research in this area to inform public health and policy. METHOD: We addressed these issues by examining whether third-person self-talk, a simple technique that promotes emotion regulation, could nudge people into reasoning about Ebola more rationally...
November 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100134/the-impact-of-trauma-exposure-characteristics-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-among-syrian-refugees
#2
Man Cheung Chung, Nowf AlQarni, Mariam AlMazrouei, Shamsa Al Muhairi, Mudar Shakra, Britt Mitchell, Sara Al Mazrouei, Shurooq Al Hashimi
This study investigated the impact of trauma exposure characteristics on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychiatric co-morbidity among Syrian refugees. One thousand one hundred and ninety-seven refugees residing in Turkey and Sweden participated in the research. They completed the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the General Health Questionnaire-28. Forty-three percent of refugees met the cutoff for PTSD. After adjusting for location of residence, witnessing horror and exposure to life threat and assault were significantly correlated with PTSD and psychiatric co-morbidity respectively...
October 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093828/exposure-to-violence-and-mental-health-of-adolescents-south-african-health-and-well-being-study
#3
Stephen A Stansfeld, Catherine Rothon, Jayati Das-Munshi, Cathy Mathews, Arlene Adams, Charlotte Clark, Crick Lund
Background: Material and social environmental stressors affect mental health in adolescence. Protective factors such as social support from family and friends may help to buffer the effects of adversity. Aims: The association of violence exposure and emotional disorders was examined in Cape Town adolescents. Method: A total of 1034 Grade 8 high school students participated from seven government co-educational schools in Cape Town, South Africa...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082026/prevalence-of-anxiety-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-kashmir-valley
#4
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Showkat Shah, Helal Shah, Shabnum Ara, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
BACKGROUND: Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley. METHODS: Between October and December 2015, we interviewed 5519 out of 5600 invited participants, ≥18 years of age, randomly sampled using a probability proportional to size cluster sampling design...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038686/the-assessment-of-psychopathology-among-traumatized-refugees-measurement-invariance-of-the-harvard-trauma-questionnaire-and-the-hopkins-symptom-checklist-25-across-five-linguistic-groups
#5
Tim R Wind, Niels van der Aa, Simone de la Rie, Jeroen Knipscheer
Background: Questionnaires are widely used to assess the mental health status of refugees, whereas their construct validity largely remains unexplored. Objective: This study examined the construct validity of two widely-used instruments for the assessment of PTSD symptoms (Harvard Trauma Questionnaire [HTQ]; 16 items) and symptoms of anxiety and depression (Hopkins Symptom Check list-25 [HSCL-25]; 25 items) among Dutch and refugee patients with different linguistic backgrounds. Method: We applied exploratory factor analyses and measurement invariance analyses to test construct validity...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038098/tackling-regional-public-health-issues-using-mobile-health-technology-event-report-of-an-mhealth-hackathon-in-thailand
#6
Atipong Pathanasethpong, Chitsutha Soomlek, Katharine Morley, Michael Morley, Pattarawit Polpinit, Alon Dagan, James W Weis, Leo Anthony Celi
Hackathons are intense, short, collaborative events focusing on solving real world problems through interdisciplinary teams. This is a report of the mHealth hackathon hosted by Khon Kaen University in collaboration with MIT Sana and faculty members from Harvard Medical School with the aim to improve health care delivery in the Northeast region of Thailand. Key health challenges, such as improving population health literacy, tracking disease trajectory and outcomes among rural communities, and supporting the workflow of overburdened frontline providers, were addressed using mHealth...
October 16, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978676/diet-quality-is-linked-to-insulin-resistance-among-adults-in-china
#7
Zhihong Wang, Linda S Adair, Jianwen Cai, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Bing Zhang, Barry M Popkin
Background: Little is known about the impact of Chinese diet quality changes on diabetes-related markers.Objective: The present study examined the association of changes in overall diet quality with various biomarkers of diabetes among adults in China.Methods: The current analysis used longitudinal diet data from 1991 to 2006 and fasting blood samples from 2009 for 4734 adults aged 18-65 y from the China Health and Nutrition Survey. Dietary intake was assessed by using 3 consecutive 24-h recalls and household food weighing...
November 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942086/validation-of-a-52-gene-risk-profile-for-outcome-prediction-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-an-international-multicentre-cohort-study
#8
Jose D Herazo-Maya, Jiehuan Sun, Philip L Molyneaux, Qin Li, Julian A Villalba, Argyrios Tzouvelekis, Heather Lynn, Brenda M Juan-Guardela, Cristobal Risquez, Juan C Osorio, Xiting Yan, George Michel, Nachelle Aurelien, Kathleen O Lindell, Melinda J Klesen, Miriam F Moffatt, William O Cookson, Yingze Zhang, Joe G N Garcia, Imre Noth, Antje Prasse, Ziv Bar-Joseph, Kevin F Gibson, Hongyu Zhao, Erica L Herzog, Ivan O Rosas, Toby M Maher, Naftali Kaminski
BACKGROUND: The clinical course of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is unpredictable. Clinical prediction tools are not accurate enough to predict disease outcomes. METHODS: We enrolled patients with IPF diagnosis in a six-cohort study at Yale University (New Haven, CT, USA), Imperial College London (London, UK), University of Chicago (Chicago, IL, USA), University of Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh, PA, USA), University of Freiburg (Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany), and Brigham and Women's Hospital-Harvard Medical School (Boston, MA, USA)...
November 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915825/effect-of-a-mobile-app-intervention-on-vegetable-consumption-in-overweight-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Sarah Mummah, Thomas N Robinson, Maya Mathur, Sarah Farzinkhou, Stephen Sutton, Christopher D Gardner
BACKGROUND: Mobile applications (apps) have been heralded as transformative tools to deliver behavioral health interventions at scale, but few have been tested in rigorous randomized controlled trials. We tested the effect of a mobile app to increase vegetable consumption among overweight adults attempting weight loss maintenance. METHODS: Overweight adults (n=135) aged 18-50 years with BMI=28-40 kg/m(2) near Stanford, CA were recruited from an ongoing 12-month weight loss trial (parent trial) and randomly assigned to either the stand-alone, theory-based Vegethon mobile app (enabling goal setting, self-monitoring, and feedback and using "process motivators" including fun, surprise, choice, control, social comparison, and competition) or a wait-listed control condition...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910436/integrating-data-collection-into-office-work-flow-and-electronic-health-records-for-clinical-outcomes-research
#10
C Alessandra Colaianni, Patricia A Levesque, Robin W Lindsay
Meticulous collection of clinical outcomes metrics in patients undergoing elective surgery is important to ensure quality care; it is also increasing in importance as the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services moves to tie reimbursement to outcomes and insurance approval. This study assesses a systematic method for gathering preoperative and postoperative data on patients with nasal obstruction who undergo functional septorhinoplasty that was developed at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895835/massachusetts-what-universal-coverage-could-look-like
#11
Joseph Burns
The lowest rate of uninsured, but costs are a concern. That's due, in part, to the clout of the state's large prestigious health care systems, especially Partners Healthcare in Boston, which includes Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital, and Brigham and Women's hospitals.
July 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894852/top-100-cited-classic-articles-in-breast-cancer-research
#12
Erdal Uysal
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze 100 most cited articles in breast cancer research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data in this study were obtained by a search conducted on the Web of Science (WOS). In brief, the term "breast cancer" was typed in the search box of WOS basic research including all the years and the data. The analysis was carried out by compiling the top 100 cited articles in the shortlist as sorted by the journals, categories of the studies, the countries, the centers, the authors and the publication date...
July 2017: Eur J Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893726/a-web-based-lifestyle-medicine-curriculum-facilitating-education-about-lifestyle-medicine-behavioral-change-and-health-care-outcomes
#13
Elizabeth Pegg Frates, Ryan C Xiao, Deepa Sannidhi, Yasamina McBride, Tracie McCargo, Theodore A Stern
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle medicine is the science and application of healthy lifestyles as interventions for the prevention and treatment of disease, and has gained significant momentum as a specialty in recent years. College is a critical time for maintenance and acquisition of healthy habits. Longer-term, more intensive web-based and in-person lifestyle medicine interventions can have a positive effect. Students who are exposed to components of lifestyle medicine in their education have improvements in their health behaviors...
September 11, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893238/monitoring-progression-of-clinical-reasoning-skills-during-health-sciences-education-using-the-case-method-a-qualitative-observational-study
#14
Kristina Orban, Maria Ekelin, Gudrun Edgren, Olof Sandgren, Pia Hovbrandt, Eva K Persson
BACKGROUND: Outcome- or competency-based education is well established in medical and health sciences education. Curricula are based on courses where students develop their competences and assessment is also usually course-based. Clinical reasoning is an important competence, and the aim of this study was to monitor and describe students' progression in professional clinical reasoning skills during health sciences education using observations of group discussions following the case method...
September 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884158/a-geo-coded-inventory-of-anophelines-in-the-afrotropical-region-south-of-the-sahara-1898-2016
#15
David Kyalo, Punam Amratia, Clara W Mundia, Charles M Mbogo, Maureen Coetzee, Robert W Snow
Background: Understanding the distribution of anopheline vectors of malaria is an important prelude to the design of national malaria control and elimination programmes. A single, geo-coded continental inventory of anophelines using all available published and unpublished data has not been undertaken since the 1960s. Methods: We have searched African, European and World Health Organization archives to identify unpublished reports on anopheline surveys in 48 sub-Saharan Africa countries. This search was supplemented by identification of reports that formed part of post-graduate theses, conference abstracts, regional insecticide resistance databases and more traditional bibliographic searches of peer-reviewed literature...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818541/understanding-threats-to-polio-vaccine-commitment-among-caregivers-in-high-priority-areas-of-afghanistan-a-polling-study
#16
Gillian K SteelFisher, Robert J Blendon, Sherine Guirguis, William Lodge, Hannah Caporello, Vincent Petit, Michael Coleman, Matthew R Williams, Sardar Mohammad Parwiz, Melissa Corkum, Scott Gardner, Eran N Ben-Porath
BACKGROUND: Eradication of poliovirus from endemic countries relies on vaccination of children with oral polio vaccine (OPV) many times a year until the age of 5 years. We aimed to determine caregivers' commitment to OPV in districts of Afghanistan at high risk for polio transmission and to examine what knowledge, attitudes, or experiences could threaten commitment. METHODS: We designed and analysed a poll using face-to-face interviews among caregivers of children under 5 years of age...
November 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804064/reconciling-america-s-research-response-to-binge-drinking-among-american-indians-and-alaskan-natives
#17
Erica Kiemele, Colleen Anne Dell, Carol Hopkins, Joel Beckstead, John A Fromson
Binge drinking among American Indians and Alaskan Natives is an acute health issue in the United States. The Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University convened a one-day meeting with North American experts to identify key elements for developing research methodologies to measure treatment outcomes founded in Indigenous cultural ways of knowing. Three were identified: recognize culture as treatment, overcome Western interpretations of research, and apply culturally appropriate research methodologies...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#18
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771391/gender-differences-in-receipt-of-national-institutes-of-health-r01-grants-among-junior-faculty-at-an-academic-medical-center-the-role-of-connectivity-rank-and-research-productivity
#19
Erica T Warner, René Carapinha, Griffin M Weber, Emorcia V Hill, Joan Y Reede
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there were gender differences in likelihood of receiving a first National Institutes of Health (NIH) R01 award among 5445 instructors and assistant professors at Harvard Medical School (HMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on R01 award principal investigators were obtained from NIH ExPORTER and linked with faculty data. Using Cox proportional hazard regression, we examined the association of gender with receipt of first R01 award between 2008 and 2015 accounting for demographics, research productivity metrics, and professional characteristics...
October 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697422/the-relationship-between-trauma-centrality-self-efficacy-posttraumatic-stress-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-among-syrian-refugees-is-gender-a-moderator
#20
Man Cheung Chung, Nowf AlQarni, Shamsa Al Muhairi, Britt Mitchell
This study examined the inter-relationship between trauma centrality, self-efficacy, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychiatric co-morbidity among a group of Syrian refugees living in Turkey, and whether gender would moderate the mediational effect of self-efficacy on the impact of trauma centrality on distress. Seven hundred and ninety-two Syrian refugees completed the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire-28, Centrality of Event Scale and Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale. The results showed that 52% met the cutoff for PTSD...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
keyword
keyword
98528
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"