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Hypervigilance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644516/correction-to-hypervigilance-to-a-gluten-free-diet-and-decreased-quality-of-life-in-teenagers-and-adults-with-celiac-disease
#1
Randi L Wolf, Benjamin Lebwohl, Anne R Lee, Patricia Zybert, Norelle R Reilly, Jennifer Cadenhead, Chelsea Amengual, Peter H R Green
The original version of the article unfortunately contained formatting errors in Table 3. The correct version of Table 3 is given below.
April 11, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643581/hypervigilance-to-pain-affects-activities-of-daily-living-an-examination-using-the-japanese-version-of-the-pain-vigilance-awareness-questionnaire
#2
Hayato Shigetoh
[Purpose] Hypervigilance to pain is an important aspect of the fear-avoidance model of pain that may be associated with disability more than other psychological factors examined. The aim of the study was to investigate how hypervigilance to pain influences disability compared with other psychological factors examined. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 50 elderly patients with chronic pain (7 men and 43 women, 80.3 ± 7.8 years). To assess the pain level, the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) was used...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621859/infants-of-emotionally-dysregulated-or-borderline-personality-disordered-mothers-issues-and-management-in-primary-care
#3
Gisèle Apter, Anne E Sved Williams
BACKGROUND: Knowledge has increased regarding the developmental needs and capabilities of infants, and parental behaviours that support optimum infant development. Despite a better understanding of the emotional dysregulation in borderline personality disorder (BPD) and its effects on infants, general practitioners have had few guidelines for how to recognise and help emotionally dysregulated mother-infant dyads. OBJECTIVE: This article focuses on the behaviours and needs of infants whose mothers have BPD, including knowledge and skills for primary care practitioners to help these troubled families...
April 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584628/evaluation-of-loss-due-to-storm-surge-disasters-in-china-based-on-econometric-model-groups
#4
Xue Jin, Xiaoxia Shi, Jintian Gao, Tongbin Xu, Kedong Yin
Storm surge has become an important factor restricting the economic and social development of China's coastal regions. In order to improve the scientific judgment of future storm surge damage, a method of model groups is proposed to refine the evaluation of the loss due to storm surges. Due to the relative dispersion and poor regularity of the natural property data (login center air pressure, maximum wind speed, maximum storm water, super warning water level, etc.), storm surge disaster is divided based on eight kinds of storm surge disaster grade division methods combined with storm surge water, hypervigilance tide level, and disaster loss...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576731/aggressiveness-violence-homicidality-homicide-and-lyme-disease
#5
Robert C Bransfield
Background: No study has previously analyzed aggressiveness, homicide, and Lyme disease (LD). Materials and methods: Retrospective LD chart reviews analyzed aggressiveness, compared 50 homicidal with 50 non-homicidal patients, and analyzed homicides. Results: Most aggression with LD was impulsive, sometimes provoked by intrusive symptoms, sensory stimulation or frustration and was invariably bizarre and senseless. About 9.6% of LD patients were homicidal with the average diagnosis delay of 9 years...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555338/neuroticism-is-associated-with-altered-resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-amygdala-following-acute-stress-exposure
#6
Yituo Wang, Yuyang Zhu, Pinhong Chen, Feng Yan, Shanshan Chen, Gongjie Li, Xiangjun Hu, Lubin Wang, Zheng Yang
The amygdala, a subcortical structure responsible for fear and vigilance, is central to the stress circuitry. Aberrant amygdala connectivity with the cortical and subcortical regions is found in patients with stress-related disorders, and in healthy subjects following acute stress exposure. However, the extent to which the stress-induced alteration of amygdala functional connectivity correlates with risk-related personality measures remains unclear. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, we evaluated the effect of acute stress, induced by aversive movies accompanied by a mild electric shock, on the functional connectivity of the basolateral amygdala (BLA) and centromedial amygdala (CMA) in 35 healthy men, and assessed the association between changes in amygdala functional connectivity and individual differences in neuroticism...
March 16, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553003/maladaptive-behaviours-associated-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-an-item-response-theory-analysis
#7
Alison E J Mahoney, Megan J Hobbs, Jill M Newby, Alishia D Williams, Gavin Andrews
BACKGROUND: Cognitive models of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) suggest that maladaptive behaviours may contribute to the maintenance of the disorder; however, little research has concentrated on identifying and measuring these behaviours. To address this gap, the Worry Behaviors Inventory (WBI) was developed and has been evaluated within a classical test theory (CTT) approach. AIMS: As CTT is limited in several important respects, this study examined the psychometric properties of the WBI using an Item Response Theory approach...
March 19, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548023/post-traumatic-reactions-and-their-predictors-among-workers-who-experienced-serious-violent-acts-are-there-sex-differences
#8
Steve Geoffrion, Jane Goncalves, André Marchand, Richard Boyer, Alain Marchand, Marc Corbière, Stéphane Guay
Background: Serious violent acts (e.g. physical violence, robbery, sexual aggression and death threats) are among the most visible and notable examples of workplace violence. Although women are commonly found to be at higher risk for post-traumatic reactions following workplace violence, little is known as regards sex differences concerning the types of post-traumatic reactions and their predictors. Objective: This study aimed to describe sex differences in the post-traumatic reactions of serious violent acts and the predictors of such reactions...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547073/when-stress-becomes-the-new-normal-alterations-in-attention-and-autonomic-reactivity-in-repeated-traumatization
#9
Sarah Herzog, Wendy D'Andrea, Jonathan DePierro, Vivian Khedari
There is need for further work clarifying attention-physiology interactions by degree of exposure to early victimization, as it is clear that cumulative trauma in childhood, that is, polyvictimization, may have lasting effects on the stress response that differ from those of acute traumatization. The present study examined relationships between baseline and task-related physiology (indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA] and heart rate [HR], respectively), and attention biases (via the dot probe task), in 63 community-dwelling adult women stratified on the basis of self-reported exposure to multiple types of childhood interpersonal victimization (i...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528128/validation-of-the-oesophageal-hypervigilance-and-anxiety-scale-for-chronic-oesophageal-disease
#10
T H Taft, J R Triggs, D A Carlson, L Guadagnoli, K N Tomasino, L Keefer, J E Pandolfino
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal hypervigilance and anxiety can drive symptom experience in chronic oesophageal conditions, including gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, achalasia and functional oesophageal disorders. To date, no validated self-report measure exists to evaluate oesophageal hypervigilance and anxiety. AIMS: This study aims to develop a brief and reliable questionnaire assessing these constructs, the oesophageal hypervigilance and anxiety scale (EHAS). METHODS: Questions for the EHAS were drawn from 4 existing validated measures that assessed hypervigilance and anxiety adapted for the oesophagus...
March 12, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527481/behavioral-and-eeg-responses-to-social-evaluation-a-two-generation-family-study-on-social-anxiety
#11
Anita Harrewijn, Melle J W van der Molen, Irene M van Vliet, Renaud L M Tissier, P Michiel Westenberg
Social anxiety disorder is an invalidating psychiatric disorder characterized by extreme fear and avoidance of one or more social situations in which patients might experience scrutiny by others. The goal of this two-generation family study was to delineate behavioral and electrocortical endophenotypes of social anxiety disorder related to social evaluation. Nine families of patients with social anxiety disorder (their spouse and children, and siblings of these patients with spouse and children) performed a social judgment paradigm in which they believed to be evaluated by peers...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522721/secondary-traumatic-stress-increases-expression-of-proteins-implicated-in-peripheral-and-central-sensitization-of-trigeminal-neurons
#12
J L Hawkins, N J Moore, D Miley, P L Durham
The pathology of migraine, a common neurological disease, involves sensitization and activation of trigeminal nociceptive neurons to promote hyperalgesia and allodynia during an attack. Migraineurs often exhibit characteristics of a hyperexcitable or hypervigilant nervous system. One of the primary reported risk factors for development of a hyperexcitable trigeminal system is chronic, unmanaged stress and anxiety. While primary traumatic stress is a commonly cited risk factor for many pain conditions, exposure to secondary traumatic stress early in life is also thought to be a contributing risk factor...
May 15, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516516/examining-the-visual-processing-patterns-of-lonely-adults
#13
Munirah Bangee, Pamela Qualter
Prior research has shown that loneliness is associated with hypervigilance to social threats, with eye-tracking research showing lonely people display a specific attentional bias when viewing social rejection and social exclusion video footage (Bangee, Harris, Bridges, Rotenberg & Qualter, 2014; Qualter, Rotenberg, Barrett et al., 2013). The current study uses eye-tracker methodology to examine whether that attentional bias extends to negative emotional faces and negative social non-rejecting stimuli, or whether it could be explained only as a specific bias to social rejection/exclusion...
March 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497330/does-pain-hypervigilance-further-impact-the-lack-of-habituation-to-pain-in-individuals-with-chronic-pain-a-cross-sectional-pain-erp-study
#14
Catherine J Vossen, Rosan Luijcks, Jim van Os, Elbert A Joosten, Richel Lousberg
Aim: In chronic pain, habituation is believed to be impaired, and pain hypervigilance can enhance the pain experience. The goal of this study was to determine whether pain hypervigilance further worsens habituation of event-related potentials, measured in a pain-rating protocol of 25 painful somatosensory electrical stimuli, in patients with chronic pain. Methods: Pain hypervigilance was assessed with the Pain Vigilance Awareness Questionnaire and analyzed using the event-related fixed interval areas multilevel technique, which enables one to study within-session habituation...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486811/dynamic-networks-of-ptsd-symptoms-during-conflict
#15
Talya Greene, Marc Gelkopf, Sacha Epskamp, Eiko Fried
BACKGROUND: Conceptualizing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as a dynamic system of causal elements could provide valuable insights into the way that PTSD develops and is maintained in traumatized individuals. We present the first study to apply a multilevel network model to produce an exploratory empirical conceptualization of dynamic networks of PTSD symptoms, using data collected during a period of conflict. METHODS: Intensive longitudinal assessment data were collected during the Israel-Gaza War in July-August 2014...
February 28, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482898/the-voices-of-older-african-american-women-living-with-hiv-disease
#16
Judith C James-Borga, Keville Frederickson
African American women are disproportionately affected by HIV. We used a phenomenological approach to understand the experiences of living with HIV in a group of older African American women. Approvals were obtained, and a criterion sample of 10 participants who self-identified as African American were recruited. Data were collected using unstructured interviews. The emergence of seven essential themes resulted in a textual interpretative statement that indicated that the meaning of living with HIV disease for this group of older African American women was (a) the dynamic interrelated patterning processes of transcending adversity and becoming as they responded to their emotional ebbs and flows, (b) being always hypervigilant to HIV stigma, and (c) managing the paradoxical process of concealing while revealing aspects of their lives with HIV...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433107/alcohol-withdrawal-hallucinations-in-the-general-population-an-epidemiological-study
#17
Massoud Stephane, Bachaar Arnaout, Gihyun Yoon
Hallucinations are sometimes encountered in the course of alcohol withdrawal; however, both the factors predisposing to alcohol withdrawal hallucinations (AWH) and the implications of AWH with respect to the mechanisms of hallucinations remain unclear. To clarify these issues, we used data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) to investigate the demographic correlates, alcohol-use clinical patterns, and psychiatric comorbidities in two groups: drinkers with and without a history of AWH...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413142/biobehavioral-markers-of-attention-bias-modification-in-temperamental-risk-for-anxiety-a-randomized-control-trial
#18
Pan Liu, Bradley C Taber-Thomas, Xiaoxue Fu, Koraly E Pérez-Edgar
OBJECTIVE: Children with behavioral inhibition, a temperament characterized by biologically based hypervigilance to novelty and social withdrawal, are at high risk for developing anxiety. This study examined the effect of a novel attention training protocol, attention bias modification (ABM), on symptomatic, behavioral, and neural risk markers in children with behavioral inhibition. METHOD: Nine- to 12-year-old typically developing children identified as having behavioral inhibition (N = 84) were assigned to a 4-session active ABM training (n = 43) or placebo protocol (n = 41) using a double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial approach...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409632/predictors-of-disability-and-absenteeism-in-workers-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-longitudinal-15-month-study
#19
Arnaud Lardon, Jean-Daniel Dubois, Vincent Cantin, Mathieu Piché, Martin Descarreaux
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify baseline predictors of disability and absenteeism in workers with a history of non-specific low back pain (LBP). METHODS: One hundred workers with a history of non-specific LBP participated in three evaluations (baseline, 7 and 15 months follow-up). Current and past history of LBP, clinical pain intensity, disability, absenteeism, fear-avoidance beliefs, pain catastrophizing, pain hypervigilance, work satisfaction and patient stratification based on "risk of poor clinical outcome assessment" (RPCO) were evaluated using questionnaires and interviews...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387990/hypervigilance-to-a-gluten-free-diet-and-decreased-quality-of-life-in-teenagers-and-adults-with-celiac-disease
#20
Randi L Wolf, Benjamin Lebwohl, Anne R Lee, Patricia Zybert, Norelle R Reilly, Jennifer Cadenhead, Chelsea Amengual, Peter H R Green
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Avoidance of gluten is critical for individuals with celiac disease (CD), but there is also concern that "extreme vigilance" to a strict gluten-free diet may increase symptoms such as anxiety and fatigue, and therefore, lower quality of life (QOL). We examined the associations of QOL with energy levels and adherence to, and knowledge about, a gluten-free diet. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional prospective study of 80 teenagers and adults, all with biopsy-confirmed CD, living in a major metropolitan area...
January 31, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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