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A Patel, C P Gyawali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Jan H Kamphuis, Stephen E Finn
Research evidence suggests Therapeutic Assessment positively affects clients with problems in living, including clients with personality disorders, who are typically quite resistant to change. Importantly, this change takes place quickly, in relatively few sessions. This article draws on a relatively new evolutionary-based theory of epistemic trust (ET) and epistemic hypervigilance (EH) as a lens to plausibly explain the efficacy of TA, and especially its influence on PD clients' alliance and motivation for subsequent psychotherapy (Fonagy, Luyten, & Alison, 2015 )...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Richard Ohrbach, Ambra Michelotti
Oral parafunction during waking comprises possible behaviors that can be measured with a comprehensive checklist or behavioral monitoring. Multiple studies lead to largely consistent findings: stressful states can trigger parafunctional episodes that contribute to myofascial pain. However, this simple causal pathway coexists with at least 3 other pathways: anxiety and stress are potent direct contributors to pain, pain results in maladaptive behaviors such as parafunction, and parafunction may be a coping response to potential threat coupled with hypervigilance and somatosensory amplification...
June 1, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Chiara De Panfilis, Camilla Antonucci, Kevin B Meehan, Nicole M Cain, Antonio Soliani, Carlo Marchesi, John F Clarkin, Fabio Sambataro
Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is associated with both seeming indifference and hypersensitivity to social feedback. This study evaluated whether rejection sensitivity and empathic difficulties in NPD are accounted for by altered facial emotion recognition (FER). Two-hundred non-clinical individuals self-reported NPD features, rejection sensitivity, and empathy and performed an FER task assessing the ability to determine the presence or absence of an emotion when viewing neutral and negative facial stimuli presented at varying emotional intensities (25%, 50%, 75%)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
Annmarie MacNamara, T Bryan Jackson, Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, Greg Hajcak, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Internalizing disorders such as anxiety may be characterized by an imbalance between bottom-up (stimulus-driven) and top-down (goal-directed) attention. The late positive potential (LPP) can be used to assess these processes when task-irrelevant negative and neutral pictures are presented within a working memory paradigm. Prior work using this paradigm has found that working memory load reduces the picture-elicited LPP across participants; however, anxious individuals showed a reduced effect of working memory load on the LPP, suggesting increased distractibility...
April 22, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Hanna Edebol-Carlman, Martien Schrooten, Brjánn Ljótsson, Katja Boersma, Steven Linton, Robert Jan Brummer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), is a common multifactorial gastrointestinal disorder linked to disturbances in the microbe gut-brain axis. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), in face-to-face format has showed promising results on IBS and its associated psychological symptoms. The present study explored for the first time if CBT for IBS affects the autonomic nervous system (ANS) during experimentally induced visceral pain and cognitive stress, respectively. The levels of state and trait anxiety, current and perceived stress were also evaluated...
January 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Asad Jehangir, Rany T Abdallah, Henry P Parkman
INTRODUCTION: The cause of abdominal pain (AP) in gastroparesis (Gp) is often not known; hence, its treatment can be challenging. Preoccupation with or increased attention (hypervigilance) to pain is associated with perceived pain severity and psychosocial disability. The aims of this study were to (1) characterize AP in Gp patients into neuropathic and nociceptive pain components; (2) assess these patients for hypervigilance to pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gp patients with AP as an important symptom, seen from June 2017 to November 2017 were given validated questionnaires to characterize their AP...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Chloe O Huelsnitz, Allison K Farrell, Jeffry A Simpson, Vladas Griskevicius, Ohad Szepsenwol
Jealousy is a complex, dynamic experience that unfolds over time in relationship-threatening situations. Prior research has used retrospective reports that cannot disentangle initial levels and change in jealousy in response to escalating threat. In three studies, we examined responses to the Response Escalation Paradigm (REP)-a 5-stage hypothetical scenario in which individuals are exposed to increasing levels of relationship threat-as a function of attachment orientations. Highly anxious individuals exhibited hypervigilant, slow escalation response patterns, interfered earlier in the REP, felt more jealousy, sadness, and worry when they interfered, and wanted to engage in more vigilant, destructive, and passive behaviors aimed at their partner...
April 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Wan-Sen Yan, Ran-Ran Zhang, Yan Lan, Zhi-Ming Li, Yong-Hui Li
Binge Eating Disorder (BED), considered a public health problem because of its impact on psychiatric, physical, and social functioning, merits much attention given its elevation to an independent diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Similar with substance use disorders, some neuropsychological and personality constructs are potentially implicated in the onset and development of BED, in which poor decision-making has been suggested to facilitate overeating and BED...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Mira Meeus, Lieven Danneels, Barbara Cagnie, Nathalie Roussel, Jo Nijs
BACKGROUND: Pain neuroscience education is effective in chronic pain management. Central sensitization (i.e. generalized hypersensitivity) is often explained as underlying mechanism for chronic pain, because of its clinical relevance and influence on pain severity, prognosis, and treatment outcome. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether patients with more or fewer symptoms of central sensitization respond differently to pain neuroscience education. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of a multicentre, triple-blind randomized controlled trial SETTING: University hospital Ghent and University Hospital Brussels, Belgium...
May 9, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
David Forbes, Angela Nickerson, Richard A Bryant, Mark Creamer, Derrick Silove, Alexander C McFarlane, Miranda Van Hooff, Andrea Phelps, Kim L Felmingham, Gin S Malhi, Zachary Steel, Julia Fredrickson, Nathan Alkemade, Meaghan O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: It is unclear which specific symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder are related to poor perceived quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of post-traumatic stress disorder symptomatology on quality of life in traumatic injury survivors. METHOD: Traumatic injury survivors completed questionnaires on post-traumatic stress disorder symptomatology and quality of life at 3 months ( n = 987), 12 months ( n = 862), 24 months ( n = 830) and 6 years ( n = 613) post trauma...
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Scott P Stumbo, Micah T Yarborough, Ashli Owen-Smith, Carla A Green
OBJECTIVE: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are increasingly seeking service dogs to help them manage trauma-related symptoms, yet literature describing service dog use in this population is scant. The goal of this study was to document the benefits and challenges experienced by veterans with service dogs trained to assist with PTSD-related needs. METHOD: Participants were veterans (N = 41) with service dogs, and their caregivers (n = 8), recruited through community-based service dog training agencies...
June 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Flávia L Osório, Juliana M de Paula Cassis, João P Machado de Sousa, Omero Poli-Neto, Rocio Martín-Santos
Background: We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the influence of sex hormones on facial emotion processing (FEP) in healthy women at different phases of life. Methods: Searches were performed in PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, LILACS , and SciELO . Twenty-seven articles were included in the review and allocated into five different categories according to their objectives and sample characteristics (menstrual cycle, oral contraceptives, pregnancy/postpartum, testosterone, and progesterone)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Ketlin Helenise Dos Santos Ribas, Valdenilson Ribeiro Ribas, Silano Souto Mendes Barros, Valéria Ribeiro Ribas, Maria da Glória Nogueira Filizola, Renata de Melo Guerra Ribas, Paulo César da Silva, Carlos Augusto Cardoso Kucera, Hugo André de Lima Martins
Young's early maladaptive schemas questionnaire (YSQ-S3) is used to understand psychological aspects. Objective: EMSs were evaluated in patients with migraine. Methods: Sixty-five subjects were evaluated using the YSQ-S3 under standard conditions in a room with air conditioning at 22 ± 2°C. The subjects were stratified by morbidity (migraine), gender (male/female) and age (18-29 / 30-39 / 40-55). Controls (without migraine), n = 27 and patients (with migraine), n = 38, men (n = 19) and women (n = 46); participants aged 18-29 years, n = 34, aged 30-39 years, n = 14 and aged 40-55 years, n = 17...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
Randi L Wolf, Benjamin Lebwohl, Anne R Lee, Patricia Zybert, Norelle R Reilly, Jennifer Cadenhead, Chelsea Amengual, Peter H R Green
The original version of the article unfortunately contained formatting errors in Table 3. The correct version of Table 3 is given below.
April 11, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Hayato Shigetoh
[Purpose] Hypervigilance to pain is an important aspect of the fear-avoidance model of pain that may be associated with disability more than other psychological factors examined. The aim of the study was to investigate how hypervigilance to pain influences disability compared with other psychological factors examined. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 50 elderly patients with chronic pain (7 men and 43 women, 80.3 ± 7.8 years). To assess the pain level, the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) was used...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Gisèle Apter, Anne E Sved Williams
BACKGROUND: Knowledge has increased regarding the developmental needs and capabilities of infants, and parental behaviours that support optimum infant development. Despite a better understanding of the emotional dysregulation in borderline personality disorder (BPD) and its effects on infants, general practitioners have had few guidelines for how to recognise and help emotionally dysregulated mother-infant dyads. OBJECTIVE: This article focuses on the behaviours and needs of infants whose mothers have BPD, including knowledge and skills for primary care practitioners to help these troubled families...
April 2018: Australian journal of general practice
Xue Jin, Xiaoxia Shi, Jintian Gao, Tongbin Xu, Kedong Yin
Storm surge has become an important factor restricting the economic and social development of China's coastal regions. In order to improve the scientific judgment of future storm surge damage, a method of model groups is proposed to refine the evaluation of the loss due to storm surges. Due to the relative dispersion and poor regularity of the natural property data (login center air pressure, maximum wind speed, maximum storm water, super warning water level, etc.), storm surge disaster is divided based on eight kinds of storm surge disaster grade division methods combined with storm surge water, hypervigilance tide level, and disaster loss...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Robert C Bransfield
Background: No study has previously analyzed aggressiveness, homicide, and Lyme disease (LD). Materials and methods: Retrospective LD chart reviews analyzed aggressiveness, compared 50 homicidal with 50 non-homicidal patients, and analyzed homicides. Results: Most aggression with LD was impulsive, sometimes provoked by intrusive symptoms, sensory stimulation or frustration and was invariably bizarre and senseless. About 9.6% of LD patients were homicidal with the average diagnosis delay of 9 years...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Yituo Wang, Yuyang Zhu, Pinhong Chen, Feng Yan, Shanshan Chen, Gongjie Li, Xiangjun Hu, Lubin Wang, Zheng Yang
The amygdala, a subcortical structure responsible for fear and vigilance, is central to the stress circuitry. Aberrant amygdala connectivity with the cortical and subcortical regions is found in patients with stress-related disorders, and in healthy subjects following acute stress exposure. However, the extent to which the stress-induced alteration of amygdala functional connectivity correlates with risk-related personality measures remains unclear. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, we evaluated the effect of acute stress, induced by aversive movies accompanied by a mild electric shock, on the functional connectivity of the basolateral amygdala (BLA) and centromedial amygdala (CMA) in 35 healthy men, and assessed the association between changes in amygdala functional connectivity and individual differences in neuroticism...
March 17, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
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