keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hypervigilance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794976/general-and-emotion-specific-alterations-to-cognitive-control-in-women-with-a-history-of-childhood-abuse
#1
Kristen L Mackiewicz Seghete, Roselinde H Kaiser, Anne P DePrince, Marie T Banich
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the literature suggests alterations in activation of cognitive control regions in adults and adolescents with a history of childhood abuse. The current study examined whether such alterations are increased in the face of emotionally-distracting as compared to emotionally neutral information, and whether such alterations occur in brain regions that exert cognitive control in a more top-down sustained manner or a more bottom-up transient manner. METHODS: Participants were young adult women (ages 23-30): one group with a history of childhood physical or sexual abuse (N = 15) and one with no trauma exposure (N = 17), as assessed through the Trauma History Questionnaire and a two-stage interview adapted from the National Crime Victims Survey...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793807/-stuck-in-a-loop-of-fear-a-phenomenological-exploration-of-carers-experiences-supporting-a-spouse-with-acquired-brain-injury
#2
Benjamin J Lond, Iain R Williamson
PURPOSE: Family caregivers are important to facilitating the rehabilitation of individuals with brain injury. However, research shows spousal carers often reporting poorer health and well-being with psychosocial challenges including increased marital dissatisfaction. This study explores the accounts of participants caring for a spouse with brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study used semi-structured interviewing and interpretative phenomenological analysis...
August 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790960/the-impact-of-top-down-prediction-on-emotional-face-processing-in-social-anxiety
#3
Guangming Ran, Xu Chen
There is evidence that people with social anxiety show abnormal processing of emotional faces. To investigate the impact of top-down prediction on emotional face processing in social anxiety, brain responses of participants with high and low social anxiety (LSA) were recorded, while they performed a variation of the emotional task, using high temporal resolution event-related potential techniques. Behaviorally, we reported an effect of prediction with higher accuracy for predictable than unpredictable faces...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754179/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-attenuates-the-enhanced-early-facial-stimuli-processing-in-social-anxiety-disorders-an-erp-investigation
#4
Jianqin Cao, Quanying Liu, Yang Li, Jun Yang, Ruolei Gu, Jin Liang, Yanyan Qi, Haiyan Wu, Xun Liu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of patients with social anxiety have demonstrated abnormal early processing of facial stimuli in social contexts. In other words, patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) tend to exhibit enhanced early facial processing when compared to healthy controls. Few studies have examined the temporal electrophysiological event-related potential (ERP)-indexed profiles when an individual with SAD compares faces to objects in SAD. Systematic comparisons of ERPs to facial/object stimuli before and after therapy are also lacking...
July 28, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698828/a-case-of-pediatric-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-presenting-as-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-case-report
#5
Muhammad A Tahir, Nida R Gujar, Nusrat Jahan
In the past few years, there has been increased recognition that children, who have faced traumatic incidences, can develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), just like in adults. We present a case of PTSD in a 6-year-old child who endured three surgical procedures because he was suffering from a congenital cranial stenosis (Pfeiffer) syndrome. Because of repetitive painful episodes, resulting from the syndrome, and then post-surgical complications, the child developed behavioral outbursts, hypervigilence, concentration problems, and irritability...
May 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694679/a-clinical-perspective-on-a-pain-neuroscience-education-approach-to-manual-therapy
#6
Adriaan Louw, Jo Nijs, Emilio J Puentedura
In recent years, there has been an increased interest in pain neuroscience education (PNE) in physical therapy. There is growing evidence for the efficacy of PNE to decrease pain, disability, fear-avoidance, pain catastrophization, limited movement, and health care utilization in people struggling with pain. PNE teaches people in pain more about the biology and physiology of their pain experience including processes such as central sensitization, peripheral sensitization, allodynia, inhibition, facilitation, neuroplasticity and more...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681920/how-do-foster-carers-manage-the-oral-health-of-children-in-foster-care-a-qualitative-study
#7
Vanessa Muirhead, Sri-Kavi Subramanian, Desmond Wright, Ferranti S L Wong
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored how the foster family environment influenced children's oral health. It also aimed to better understand foster carers' oral health knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing foster children's oral health behaviours and oral health care. METHODS: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) study design was used to recruit a purposive sample of foster carers in Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom, from a range of backgrounds (maximum variation sampling)...
July 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670127/suicide-and-lyme-and-associated-diseases
#8
Robert C Bransfield
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to investigate the association between suicide and Lyme and associated diseases (LAD). No journal article has previously performed a comprehensive assessment of this subject. INTRODUCTION: Multiple case reports and other references demonstrate a causal association between suicidal risk and LAD. Suicide risk is greater in outdoor workers and veterans, both with greater LAD exposure. Multiple studies demonstrate many infections and the associated proinflammatory cytokines, inflammatory-mediated metabolic changes, and quinolinic acid and glutamate changes alter neural circuits which increase suicidality...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649489/brain-functional-connectivity-is-associated-with-visceral-sensitivity-in-women-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#9
Adriane Icenhour, Suzanne T Witt, Sigrid Elsenbruch, Mats Lowén, Maria Engström, Kirsten Tillisch, Emeran A Mayer, Susanna Walter
Increased perception of visceral stimuli is a key feature of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). While altered resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) has been also reported in IBS, the relationship between visceral hypersensitivity and aberrant rsFC is unknown. We therefore assessed rsFC within the salience, sensorimotor and default mode networks in patients with and without visceral hypersensitivity and in healthy controls (HCs). An exploratory resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging study was performed in 41 women with IBS and 20 HCs...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637525/eye-tracking-evidence-of-a-maintenance-bias-in-social-anxiety
#10
Catarina Fernandes, Susana Silva, Joana Pires, Alexandra Reis, Antónia Jimenez Ros, Luís Janeiro, Luís Faísca, Ana Teresa Martins
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms and triggers of the attentional bias in social anxiety are not yet fully determined, and the modulating role of personality traits is being increasingly acknowledged. AIMS: Our main purpose was to test whether social anxiety is associated with mechanisms of hypervigilance, avoidance (static biases), vigilance-avoidance or the maintenance of attention (dynamic biases). Our secondary goal was to explore the role of personality structure in shaping the attention bias...
June 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617143/does-ethno-cultural-betrayal-in-trauma-affect-asian-american-pacific-islander-college-students-mental-health-outcomes-an-exploratory-study
#11
Jennifer M Gómez
OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal trauma has deleterious effects on mental health (1) , with college students experiencing relatively high rates of lifetime trauma (2) . Asian American/Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have the lowest rate of mental health care utilization (4) . According to cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) (9, 10, 11) , societal inequality may impact within-group violence in minority populations, thus having implications for mental health. In the current exploratory study, between-group (interracial) and within-group (ethno-cultural betrayal) trauma and mental health outcomes were examined in AAPI college students...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583211/parenting-a-child-at-home-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-experiences-of-commitment-of-stress-and-of-love
#12
Annie M Cantwell-Bartl, James Tibballs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the experiences of parenting a child with hypoplastic left heart syndrome after the child has been discharged home from hospital. DESIGN: A study of the parents' experiences using face-to-face interviews and psychometric measures with parents whose child had survived stage surgery. SETTING: Parents were interviewed within the home environment or within the hospital if that was their choice. SUBJECTS: A total of 29 parents (16 mothers and 13 fathers) of surviving children...
September 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582479/restless-rest-intrinsic-sensory-hyperactivity-and-disinhibition-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Kevin Clancy, Mingzhou Ding, Edward Bernat, Norman B Schmidt, Wen Li
Post-traumatic stress disorder is characterized by exaggerated threat response, and theoretical accounts to date have focused on impaired threat processing and dysregulated prefrontal-cortex-amygdala circuitry. Nevertheless, evidence is accruing for broad, threat-neutral sensory hyperactivity in post-traumatic stress disorder. As low-level, sensory processing impacts higher-order operations, such sensory anomalies can contribute to widespread dysfunctions, presenting an additional aetiological mechanism for post-traumatic stress disorder...
June 3, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556998/sometimes-less-is-more-establishing-the-core-symptoms-of-ptsd
#14
Jessica L Walton, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Amanda M Raines, Desirae N Vidaurri, Nicholas P Allan, Kelly P Maieritsch, C Laurel Franklin
Historically, the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have garnered attention and controversy due to symptom overlap with other disorders. To improve diagnostic specificity, researchers have proposed to reformulate PTSD symptoms into a parsimonious set of core criteria. The core symptoms consisted of recurrent distressing dreams or flashbacks; internal or external avoidance; and hypervigilance or exaggerated startle. The purpose of this study was to examine a previously proposed set of "core" PTSD criteria in identifying cases of PTSD within a veteran sample...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555565/threat-of-shock-increases-excitability-and-connectivity-of-the-intraparietal-sulcus
#15
Nicholas L Balderston, Elizabeth Hale, Abigail Hsiung, Salvatore Torrisi, Tom Holroyd, Frederick W Carver, Richard Coppola, Monique Ernst, Christian Grillon
Anxiety disorders affect approximately 1 in 5 (18%) Americans within a given 1 year period, placing a substantial burden on the national health care system. Therefore, there is a critical need to understand the neural mechanisms mediating anxiety symptoms. We used unbiased, multimodal, data-driven, whole-brain measures of neural activity (magnetoencephalography) and connectivity (fMRI) to identify the regions of the brain that contribute most prominently to sustained anxiety. We report that a single brain region, the intraparietal sulcus (IPS), shows both elevated neural activity and global brain connectivity during threat...
May 30, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547577/pramipexole-overdose-associated-with-visual-hallucinations-agitation-and-myoclonus
#16
Adeline Cardon-Dunbar, Tom Robertson, Michael S Roberts, Geoffrey K Isbister
INTRODUCTION: Pramipexole is a dopamine D2 receptor agonist used to treat idiopathic Parkinson's disease and primary restless legs syndrome. There is limited information on pramipexole overdose. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old male ingested 3 mg pramipexole, 2250 mg venlafaxine, 360 mg mirtazapine, with suicidal intent. He presented alert, had normal vital observations and normal pupillary reflexes. He was mildly agitated, reported visual hallucinations and was given 5 mg diazepam...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543920/uncertainty-increases-neural-indices-of-attention-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
Raoul Dieterich, Tanja Endrass, Norbert Kathmann
BACKGROUND: Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experience abnormally high levels of uncertainty, and unpredictability is evaluated negatively and not well tolerated. The current study examined neural correlates of attentional processing in response to experimentally induced uncertainty in OCD. METHODS: Twenty-four OCD patients and 24 healthy controls performed a task where neutral and negative pictures were preceded by a cue, either being predictive (certain condition) or nonpredictive (uncertain condition) of subsequent picture valence...
May 25, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524893/compassion-fatigue-exploring-early-career-oncology-nurses-experiences%C3%A2
#18
Brooke A Finley, Kate G Sheppard
BACKGROUND: Oncology nurses have a higher risk and rate of compassion fatigue (CF) compared to professionals in other specialties. CF exhibits tangible negative outcomes, affecting nurses' health and professional practice.
. OBJECTIVES: Early-career oncology nurses' unique CF experiences lack thorough scientific exploration. This secondary analysis seeks to qualitatively augment this paucity and illuminate targeted interventions.
. METHODS: Open-ended interviews were conducted with five early-career inpatient oncology nurses...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514640/digital-disruption-syndromes
#19
Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib
The digital transformation of hospitals in Australia is occurring rapidly in order to facilitate innovation and improve efficiency. Rapid transformation can cause temporary disruption of hospital workflows and staff as processes are adapted to the new digital workflows. The aim of this paper is to outline various types of digital disruption and some strategies for effective management. A large tertiary university hospital recently underwent a rapid, successful roll-out of an integrated electronic medical record (EMR)...
May 18, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506014/experiencing-violence-in-a-psychiatric-setting-generalized-hypervigilance-and-the-influence-of-caring-in-the-fear-experienced
#20
Lydia Forté, Nathalie Lanctôt, Steve Geoffrion, André Marchand, Stéphane Guay
BACKGROUND: Exposure to violence in the mental health sector both affects employees and has implications for the quality of care provided. OBJECTIVE: This phenomenological study aims to describe and understand the ways in which acts of aggression from a patient might affect workers in a psychiatric institute, their relationships with the patients and the services offered. METHODS: Two semi-structured interviews were conducted with each of the 15 participants from various professions within a psychiatric hospital...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
98517
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"