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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096928/spontaneous-uretero-sigmoid-fistula-secondary-to-calculus
#1
Ines Marzouk, Makram Moussa, Lotfi Saadallah, Sami Bouchoucha, Lotfi Hendaoui
A 25-year-old man was referred to the urology department after a subacute history of left back pain, burning micturition associated with pneumaturia and fecaluria. Ultrasonography was performed showing hydronephrosis, and plain film radiography demonstrated a long vertical left pelvic calculi. Uro-computed tomography (CT) combined with a water enema CT showed a 10 cm long calculus with the cranial extremity fistulating the sigmoidal wall. Surgical treatment included left nephroureterectomy and sigmoidectomy with a colorectal anastomosis...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092488/low-level-laser-therapy-in-enhancing-wound-healing-and-preserving-tissue-thickness-at-free-gingival-graft-donor-sites-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#2
Gulbahar Ustaoglu, Esra Ercan, Mustafa Tunali
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on wound healing at free gingival graft (FGG) donor sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients requiring FGG were selected for this randomized, controlled, and double-blinded prospective clinical trial. The FGG donor sites were treated with LLLT and compared with an untreated control group. The Wound-Healing Index (WHI), tissue consistency, color match, and H2O2 bubbling test for the evaluation of complete wound epithelialization were recorded on the 3rd, 7th, 14th and 21st days...
January 12, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089405/use-of-essential-oils-following-traumatic-burn-injury-a-case-study
#3
Kathleen Jopke, Heather Sanders, Rosemary White-Traut
Hospital admissions related to burn injury reach 40,000 annually. Patients who experience extensive burns require longer hospital stays and are at increased risk for infection and hospital acquired conditions. This comparative case study is a two patient matched case control design that follows the hospital course of two children who experienced burn injuries. For one of these patients, with the consent of the child's parents, the grandmother treated her granddaughter with essential oils. Essential oils have the potential to inhibit microbial growth, support treatment of wounds, and facilitate healing...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079549/contemporary-methods-allowing-for-safe-and-convenient-use-of-amniotic-membrane-as-a-biologic-wound-dressing-for-burns
#4
David N Herndon, Ludwik K Branski
Partial-thickness burns involve damage to the upper layer of skin, which leaves nerve endings exposed, and therefore represent the most painful of several categories of thermal injuries. Historically, partial-thickness burns were treated conservatively by debriding the blisters, by daily tubbing and washing, and the application of new bandages with topical medications. Human amniotic membrane has been used for centuries as a biological wound dressing. In the past 20 years, there has been an increasing body of literature addressing the use of amniotic tissue in chronic wounds and burns...
February 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079022/lifitegrast-for-the-treatment-of-dry-eye-disease-results-of-a-phase-iii-randomized-double-masked-placebo-controlled-trial-opus-3
#5
Edward J Holland, Jodi Luchs, Paul M Karpecki, Kelly K Nichols, Mitchell A Jackson, Kenneth Sall, Joseph Tauber, Monica Roy, Aparna Raychaudhuri, Amir Shojaei
PURPOSE: Lifitegrast is a lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 antagonist developed to reduce inflammation in dry eye disease (DED). We report the results of OPUS-3 (NCT02284516), a phase III study evaluating the efficacy and safety of lifitegrast versus placebo in participants with DED. DESIGN: Twelve-week, phase III, randomized, double-masked, multicenter, placebo-controlled study. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged ≥18 years with Schirmer tear test (without anesthesia) ≥1 and ≤10 mm, corneal fluorescein staining score ≥2...
January 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072813/a-case-report-on-red-ear-syndrome-with-tinnitus-successfully-treated-with-transcranial-random-noise-stimulation
#6
Peter M Kreuzer, Veronika Vielsmeier, Timm B Poeppl, Berthold Langguth
BACKGROUND: The red ear syndrome represents a rare symptom complex consisting of auricular erythema associated with painful and burning sensations. It has been described in combination with tinnitus rarely. It has been hypothesized to be etiologically related to altered trigeminal afferent input, temporomandibular disorders, and thalamic dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: The initial objective of applying transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) in a case of red ear syndrome in combination with tinnitus was the alleviation of the phantom sounds...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069916/flight-lieutenant-peach-s-observations-on-burning-feet-syndrome-in-far-eastern-prisoners-of-war-1942-45
#7
N T Roocroft, E Mayhew, M Parkes, W A Frankland, G V Gill, D Bouhassira, A S C Rice
INTRODUCTION: 'Burning Feet Syndrome' affected up to one third of Far Eastern Prisoners of War in World War 2. Recently discovered medical records, produced by RAF Medical Officer Nowell Peach whilst in captivity, are the first to detail neurological examinations of patients with this condition. METHODS: The 54 sets of case notes produced at the time were analysed using modern diagnostic criteria to determine if the syndrome can be retrospectively classed as neuropathic pain...
November 15, 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069193/safety-of-ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation-for-diffuse-adenomyosis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Yujie Feng, Liang Hu, Wenzhi Chen, Rong Zhang, Xi Wang, Jinyun Chen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety of ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for patients with diffuse adenomyosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. The data was collected from 417 symptomatic adenomyosis patients who underwent ultrasound-guided HIFU between January 2012 and December 2015 at 1st Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Among them were 260 patients with diffuse adenomyosis (Group D) and 157 patients with focal adenomyosis (Group F)...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067686/persistent-knee-pain-after-falling-off-of-a-bicycle
#9
Muhammad Waseem, Julissa Garrido-Joyce, Frances Quee, Soula Priovolos
We present the case of an 18-year-old young man with severe persistent knee pain secondary to a popliteal artery thrombosis. This occurred as a result of a fall from a bicycle. Acute compartment syndrome refers to the sequelae that can occur because of increased fascial compartment pressures, such as crush injuries, burns, traumatic or spontaneous hemorrhage, or constrictive casts. Increased pressures in nonelastic fascial compartments result in decreased perfusion distally, leading to ischemia of muscles and neurovascular tissue...
January 6, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057813/neuropathic-pain-in-patients-with-burning-mouth-syndrome-evaluated-using-paindetect
#10
Pia Lopez-Jornet, Diana Molino-Pagan, Paco Parra-Perez, Sara Valenzuela
OBJECTIVE : This study set out to identify the neuropathic component of pain experienced by burning mouth syndrome (BMS) patients evaluated using painDETECT, a diagnostic tool that could easily be introduced into clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS : This study included 64 patients (33 BMS and 31 suffering nociceptive pain). Each completed the painDETECT neuropathic pain questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and pain intensity was also measured using a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
January 4, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057164/role-of-pregabalin-in-management-of-pruritus-a-literature-review
#11
Nazanin Foroutan, Naemeh Nikvarz
Pruritus can be one of the distressing symptoms of many dermatologic, systemic, neurologic or psychiatric disorders. In each case, the origin of itch is in the skin and/or the nervous system. Involvement of the nervous system causes neurogenic, psychogenic or neuropathic itch. Itch sensation is transferred to the central nervous system via unmyelinated C-type nerve fibers, and many mediators and receptors engage in the its induction and transmission. Also it has been demonstrated that there are similarities and interactions between neurotransmitters and pathways of pain and itch sensation...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056209/fractional-co2-laser-from-skin-rejuvenation-to-vulvo-vaginal-reshaping
#12
Maurizio Filippini, Ester Del Duca, Francesca Negosanti, Diletta Bonciani, Luca Negosanti, Mario Sannino, Giovanni Cannarozzo, Steven Paul Nisticò
BACKGROUND: The CO2 laser has become the gold standard treatment in dermatologic surgery for the treatment of a large number of skin and mucosal lesions. The introduction of the fractional micro-ablative technology represented an integration to the ablative resurfacing technique, reducing the healing time and the side effects. OBJECTIVE: Vaginal rejuvenation performed with this technique is a minimally invasive procedure that stimulates internal tissues of the female lower genital tract to regenerate the mucosa, improving tissue trophism and restoring the correct functionality...
December 30, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055124/interventions-for-the-management-of-oral-lichen-planus-a-review-of-the-conventional-and-novel-therapies
#13
REVIEW
Shikha Gupta, Sujoy Ghosh, Sunita Gupta
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review focuses on the rationale & role of conventional and newer therapies in the management of Oral lichen planus with emphasis on randomized controlled trials reported over 2 decades. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature search was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials for management of OLP from 1/1/1995 to 31/12/2015; Medline, and Cochrane databases complemented with manual search was used. Primary outcome as resolution of pain was evaluated with analysis of clinical resolution of erythema and ulceration as secondary outcome...
January 5, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050031/editorial-moving-away-from-focussing-on-gastric-pathophysiology-in-functional-dyspepsia-new-insights-and-therapeutic-implications
#14
Nicholas J Talley
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a prevalent syndrome that affects up to one in six Americans, although misdiagnosis as gastroesophageal reflux disease may be common. Early satiety, postprandial fullness, and epigastric pain or burning are the cardinal symptoms. Traditionally, FD has been blamed on gastric dysfunction and much research effort has focussed on unlocking the gastric pathophysiology. New research suggests gastric dysfunction has only a minor role in the pathogenesis in many cases, and the focus has begun to shift to evaluation of duodenal feedback and subtle inflammation including duodenal eosinophilia...
January 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044002/abdominal-wall-type-i-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-treated-effectively-with-peripheral-nerve-field-stimulation-a-case-report
#15
Linqiu Zhou, Henry Chou, Eric Holder
Chronic abdominal wall pain is a well-documented complication of abdominal surgery. However, abdominal wall complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a rare medical condition. We present a case of abdominal wall CRPS and its treatment with peripheral nerve field stimulation (PNfS). A 34-year-old female presented with right periumbilical pain for 2 years. She developed burning, sharp and stabbing pain with allodynia (extremely sensitive to wind and light touch) and erythema or pallor 2 weeks after an exploratory appendectomy...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043735/a-prospective-intra-individual-evaluation-of-silk-combared-to-biobrane-for-the-treatment-of-superficial-burns-of-the-hand-and-face
#16
Jennifer Lynn Schiefer, Elena Arens, Daniel Grigutsch, Rebekka Rath, Alexandra Hoffmann, Paul Christian Fuchs, Alexandra Schulz
INTRODUCTION: An ever-increasing number of commercially available dressings have been applied to treat superficial burns with the aim to reduce pain and inflammation and lead to a fast wound healing and scar reduction. Nevertheless the search for cheap and effective wound dressing proceeds. Dressilk(®) consisting of silkworm silk showed good results for wound healing in regards to scarring, biocompatibility and reduction of inflammation and pain. Therefore it seemed to be an interesting product for the treatment of superficial burns...
December 30, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043728/acute-compartment-syndrome-caused-by-uncontrolled-hypothyroidism
#17
Anar Modi, Hari Amin, Matthew Salzman, Farah Morgan
Acute compartment syndrome is increased tissue pressure exceeding perfusion pressure in a closed compartment resulting in nerve and muscle ischemia. Common precipitating causes are crush injuries, burns, substance abuse, osseous or vascular limb trauma. This is a case of 42year old female with history of hypothyroidism who presented to emergency room with acute onset of severe pain and swelling in right lower extremity. Physical examination was concerning for acute compartment syndrome of right leg which was confirmed by demonstration of elevated compartmental pressures...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041753/modified-reversed-superficial-peroneal-artery-flap-in-the-reconstruction-of-ankle-and-foot-defects-following-severe-burns-or-trauma
#18
Shi-Ji Li, Hao Cheng, Xu Fang, Jian-Yang Xu, Fei Wang, Sheng Liu, Xu-Lin Chen, Xiong-Wen Lv
OBJECTIVE: Challenges persist in the reconstruction of the ankle and the foot with exposed tendons, joints, and bones as a result of severe burns and trauma. In flap elevation involving the sensitive superficial nerve, the local nerve was always sacrificed to obtain an anesthetic donor site; however, such a procedure introduced the possibility of painful neuromas. In this study, we present a desired clinical application of a modified reversed superficial peroneal artery flap, in which the superficial peroneal nerve is preserved...
December 29, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040371/predictive-validity-of-short-term-scar-quality-on-final-burn-scar-outcome-using-the-patient-and-observer-scar-assessment-scale-in-patients-with-minor-to-moderate-burn-severity
#19
H Goei, C H van der Vlies, W E Tuinebreijer, P P M van Zuijlen, E Middelkoop, M E van Baar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive validity of the Patient and Observer Assessment Scale (POSAS), in order to determine whether it can be used to predict final scar quality. METHODS: Patients with a maximum TBSA burned of 20% who were treated in a Dutch burn center and participated in two scar assessments at 3 months and >18 months post-burn were included. Scar quality assessment consisted of the POSAS, Dermaspectrometer(®) (color) and Cutometer(®) (elasticity)...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040362/role-of-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-in-a-model-of-acute-burn-induced-pain
#20
Jennifer R Deuis, Kathleen Yin, Matthew A Cooper, Kate Schroder, Irina Vetter
The NLRP3 inflammasome is a multi-protein complex that assembles in response to tissue damage or infection, triggering activation of caspase-1, an enzyme that converts interleukin (IL)-1β into its active form. A role for the NLRP3 inflammasome is emerging in inflammatory pain, but its influence in other pain types is largely unexamined. Therefore the aim of this study was to assess the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome and its downstream product caspase-1 in a model of acute burn-induced pain in male mice. A superficial burn was induced on the plantar surface of the left hind paw using a hot plate set at 52...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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