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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634565/home-based-telepsychiatry-in-us-urban-area
#1
Alireza Amirsadri, Jaclynne Burns, Albert Pizzuti, Cynthia L Arfken
Telepsychiatry expands access to psychiatric care. However, telepsychiatry for elderly adults is only reimbursed in the US if the patient is assessed while in a clinical setting. This case study presents a homebound older woman previously hospitalized for schizophrenia who had not seen a psychiatrist in over 20 years. Care was provided with hybrid telepsychiatry (team-based practice with social worker traveling to the home with electronic tablet for connection with psychiatrist). The intervention resulted in detecting unrecognized depression and complex trauma...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630646/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-psychosomatic-problems-in-dental-settings
#2
REVIEW
Hirofumi Matsuoka, Itsuo Chiba, Yuji Sakano, Akira Toyofuku, Yoshihiro Abiko
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Little information comparing the different types of CBTs in the dental setting is currently available. Because dental professionals are often expected to conduct CBTs in the dental setting, it is important to develop proper training programs for dental professionals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626295/restoring-effective-sleep-tranquility-rest-a-feasibility-and-pilot-study
#3
Aaron M Eakman, Arlene A Schmid, Kimberly L Henry, Natalie R Rolle, Catherine Schelly, Christine E Pott, Joshua E Burns
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this pilot study was to establish the feasibility of completing a future controlled trial of a multi-component cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia program for military veterans with sleep disturbance. METHOD: This was a single-arm feasibility and pilot study. Participants were United States post-9/11 veterans with service-connected injuries, university students, and had self-reported sleep disturbances. Restoring Effective Sleep Tranquility was a multi-component cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia intervention consisting of seven sessions of group therapy and eight 1:1 sessions delivered by occupational therapists...
June 2017: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626103/-study-on-lifestyle-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-%C3%A2-reflux-disease
#4
Lingzhi Yuan, Dan Tang, Jin Peng, Nanfang Qu, Chun Yue, Fen Wang
To investigate the correlation between certain unhealthy lifestyles and the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), thus to provide the lifestyle guidelines for GERD patients.
 Methods: Retrospective study were conducted for 402 GERD and 276 non-GERD out-patients in Department of Gastroenterology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from August, 2014 to August, 2015 based on questionnaire survey, then the correlation of unhealthy lifestyles with GERD were analyzed.
 Results: The top 10 common symptoms for GERD were as follows: reflux, acid regurgitation, postprandial fullness, heartburn, swallow obstruction or pain, epigastric burning sensation, paraesthesia pharynges, poststernal pain, chronic laryngopharyngitis, and chronic cough...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624761/factors-influencing-psychological-social-and-health-outcomes-after-major-burn-injuries-in-adults-cohort-study-protocol
#5
Martha Druery, Peter A Newcombe, Cate M Cameron, Jeffrey Lipman
INTRODUCTION: The goal of burn care is that 'the quality of the outcome must be worth the pain of survival'. More research is needed to understand how best to deliver care for patients with burns to achieve this aim. Loss of independence, function as well as loss of income for patients with burns and carers cause a significant burden at both individual and societal levels. Much is being done to advance knowledge in the clinical care field; however, there has been a paucity of research exploring psychosocial outcomes...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622208/duloxetine-plasma-concentrations-and-its-effectiveness-in-the-treatment-of-nonorganic-chronic-pain-in-the-orofacial-region
#6
Yuka Kobayashi, Wataru Nagashima, Tatsuya Tokura, Keizo Yoshida, Eri Umemura, Tomoya Miyauchi, Munetaka Arao, Mikiko Ito, Hiroyuki Kimura, Kenichi Kurita, Norio Ozaki
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the pain-relieving effects of duloxetine and its plasma concentrations in patients with burning mouth syndrome and atypical odontalgia characterized by chronic nonorganic pain in the orofacial region. METHODS: We administered duloxetine to 77 patients diagnosed as having burning mouth syndrome or atypical odontalgia for 12 weeks. The initial dose of duloxetine was established as 20 mg/d and was increased to 40 mg/d after week 2...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616956/tramadol-for-neuropathic-pain-in-adults
#7
REVIEW
Rudolf Martin Duehmke, Sheena Derry, Philip J Wiffen, Rae F Bell, Dominic Aldington, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a review of tramadol for neuropathic pain, published in 2006; updating was to bring the review in line with current standards. Neuropathic pain, which is caused by a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system, may be central or peripheral in origin. Peripheral neuropathic pain often includes symptoms such as burning or shooting sensations, abnormal sensitivity to normally painless stimuli, or an increased sensitivity to normally painful stimuli...
June 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614189/a-dose-response-study-of-topical-allyl-isothiocyanate-mustard-oil-as-human-surrogate-model-of-pain-hyperalgesia-and-neurogenic-inflammation
#8
H H Andersen, S Lo Vecchio, P Gazerani, L Arendt-Nielsen
Despite being a ubiquitous animal pain model, the natural TRPA1-agonist allyl-isothiocyanate (AITC, also known as "mustard oil") has only been sparsely investigated as a potential human surrogate model of pain, sensitization, and neurogenic inflammation. Its dose-response as an algogenic, sensitizing irritant remains to be elucidated in human skin. Three concentrations of AITC (10%, 50%, 90%) and vehicle (paraffin) were applied for 5 min to 3x3 cm areas on the volar forearms in 14 healthy volunteers, and evoked pain intensity (visual analog scale 0-100 mm) and pain quality were assessed...
June 9, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609640/assessment-of-disability-related-to-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-by-use-of-the-patient-reported-outcome-measure-information-system-promis-and-objective-measures-of-physical-performance
#9
Andrew J Sheean, Matthew R Schmitz, Catherine L Ward, Aaron E Barrow, David J Tennent, Christopher J Roach, Travis C Burns, Jason M Wilken
BACKGROUND: The National Institutes of Health (NIH)-sponsored Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement System (PROMIS) has been described as a valuable tool for characterizing outcomes among patients with specific musculoskeletal conditions. Additionally, previously proposed objective measures of physical performance among patients with nonarthritic hip abnormalities are costly and not practically incorporated into routine clinical practice. PURPOSE: (1) To determine the ability of the PROMIS to differentiate between patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and asymptomatic controls, (2) to determine the effect of FAI on subjects' completion of timed physical performance measures, and (3) to determine whether associations exist between established patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures and subjects' completion of physical performance measures...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602628/overexpression-of-fibulin-5-attenuates-burn-induced-inflammation-via-trpv1-cgrp-pathway
#10
Xiaoqian Hou, Hui Li, Chunhua Zhang, Junling Wang, Xiuli Li, Xin Li
Fibulin-5, a multifunctional extracellular matrix protein, is up-regulated in response to mechanical injury and can promote dermal wound healing. This study aimed to explore the role and mechanism of Fibulin-5 in the pathogenesis of post-burn inflammation in thermally-injured mice. Here, we found that Fibulin-5 was up-regulated in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of burn-injured mice. After nociceptive behavioral testing, DRG was isolated and cultured to detect the mechanism of Fibulin-5 in thermal injury models by recombinant adenovirus overexpressing Fibulin-5, RT-qPCR, Western Blot, ELISA, AP20187 (an activator of one kind of kinase phosphorylating the α subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2, eIF2α), capsaicin (an agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV)-1), and an anti-CGRP neutralizing antibody...
June 8, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602587/surgical-management-of-leukoderma-after-burn-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Eric L Maranda, Mindy X Wang, Shahjahan Shareef, Bryon A Tompkins, Christopher Emerson, Evangelos V Badiavas
Burns are a common and sometimes devastating injury causing a significant amount of pain, disability, and occasionally death. Burns can have serious aesthetic and functional consequences such as pigmentary changes and formation of scar tissue. Hypopigmentation or depigmentation is often a result of partial- or full-thickness burns, which is referred to as leukoderma after burn. Thus, this study is aimed at systematically reviewing the surgical options for treating leukoderma after burn in order to gain insight into the advantages, disadvantages, and future implications of each surgical technique...
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598952/a-pediatric-burn-outpatient-short-stay-program-decreases-patient-length-of-stay-with-equivalent-burn-outcomes
#12
Tiffany Zens, Amy Yan, Christina Lee, Cindy Schmitz, Lee Faucher, Angela Gibson
Traditionally, small pediatric burns are managed with inpatient admission and daily dressing changes. In 2011, our burn center implemented an outpatient short stay (OSS) program in which small pediatric burns were managed as an outpatient utilizing Mepilex Ag dressings changed under moderate sedation every 5 to 7 days. Pediatric burn cases were queried for 2 time periods: before the OSS program (2009-2010) and after the OSS program (2013-2014). Burns > 15% TBSA, children with polytrauma, and children > 10 years old were excluded...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598907/treating-pain-on-skin-graft-donor-sites-review-and-clinical-recommendations
#13
Sarthak Sinha, Amanda J Schreiner, Jeff Biernaskie, Duncan Nickerson, Vincent A Gabriel
Split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) is the most common reconstructive procedure in managing burn injuries. Harvesting split-thickness skin creates a new partial thickness wound referred to as the donor site. Pain at the donor site is reported to be one of the most distressing symptoms during the early post-operative period. Here, we a) identify strategies for managing donor site pain, b) assess the quality of individual studies and c) formulate evidence-based recommendations based on the amount and consistency of evidence...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598760/the-use-of-modern-dressings-in-managing-split-thickness-skin-graft-donor-sites-a-single-centre-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
M Kazanavičius, A Cepas, V Kolaityte, R Simoliuniene, R Rimdeika
OBJECTIVE: To identify the most appropriate, most suitable and most efficient dressing for split-thickness skin graft (STSG) donor sites. Comparing the wound healing rate, pain severity and duration, as well as the dressing change frequency in four randomised patient groups. METHODS: A single-centre non-blinded randomised controlled trial was carried out during 2010-2014. All patients treated for skin defects/lesions (due to burns, trauma or ulcers) using STSG were included in the study...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597554/clinical-outcomes-in-a-specialist-male-genital-skin-clinic-prospective-follow-up-of-600-patients
#15
M Shah
It is important to assess outcomes for medical interventions in order to focus scarce resources on outcomes with a known positive benefit. An open, observational study was performed to assess the clinical outcomes of 600 male patients with a genital skin problem attending a specialist secondary care dermatology facility. Patients were mainly referred by general practitioners and genitourinary medicine physicians. Outcome was measured at 3 and 6 months, and was determined by clinical examination and assessment of patient symptoms...
June 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594763/patterns-of-opioid-prescription-and-use-after-cesarean-delivery
#16
Brian T Bateman, Naida M Cole, Ayumi Maeda, Sara M Burns, Timothy T Houle, Krista F Huybrechts, Caitlin R Clancy, Stephanie B Hopp, Jeffrey L Ecker, Holly Ende, Kasey Grewe, Beatriz Raposo Corradini, Robert E Schoenfeld, Keerthana Sankar, Lori J Day, Lynnette Harris, Jessica L Booth, Pamela Flood, Melissa E Bauer, Lawrence C Tsen, Ruth Landau, Lisa R Leffert
OBJECTIVE: To define the amount of opioid analgesics prescribed and consumed after discharge after cesarean delivery. METHODS: We conducted a survey at six academic medical centers in the United States from September 2014 to March 2016. Women who had undergone a cesarean delivery were contacted by phone 2 weeks after discharge and participated in a structured interview about the opioid prescription they received on discharge and their oral opioid intake while at home...
June 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594762/a-shared-decision-making-intervention-to-guide-opioid-prescribing-after-cesarean-delivery
#17
Malavika Prabhu, Emily McQuaid-Hanson, Stephanie Hopp, Sara M Burns, Lisa R Leffert, Ruth Landau, Julie C Lauffenburger, Niteesh K Choudhry, Anjali Kaimal, Brian T Bateman
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a shared decision-making intervention decreases the quantity of oxycodone tablets prescribed after cesarean delivery. TECHNIQUE: A tablet computer-based decision aid formed the basis of a shared decision-making session to guide opioid prescribing after cesarean delivery. Women first received information on typical trajectories of pain resolution and expected opioid use after cesarean delivery and then chose the number of tablets of 5 mg oxycodone they would be prescribed up to the institutional standard prescription of 40 tablets...
June 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592936/grafting-both-acute-wound-site-and-adjacent-donor-site-with-the-same-graft-an-easy-and-safe-procedure-to-improve-healing-and-minimize-pain-in-elderly-and-bedridden-patients
#18
C Keilani, D Agard, A Duhoux, A Lakhel, O Giraud, M Brachet, P Duhamel, E Bey
In harvesting skin to cover the defect caused by a burn, a second wound is created, the donor site wound. We propose an alternative method to manage the donor site: taking a split-thickness skin graft (STSG) from a donor site adjacent to the burn wound to be treated, and meshing at a 3:1 ratio to cover both sites at once. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of covering both burn wound and adjacent donor site with the same STSG in elderly and bedridden patients. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 6 patients over 60 years old or/and bedridden presenting with a small burn wound who underwent STSG of both burn wound and adjacent donor site between April 2016 and November 2016 in the Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Treatment at Percy Military Hospital (France)...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590164/care-of-the-critically-ill-burn-patient-an-overview-from-the-perspective-of-optimizing-palliative-care
#19
Daniel E Ray, Mohana B Karlekar, Donnelle L Crouse, Margaret Campbell, J Randall Curtis, Jeffrey Edwards, Dana R Lustbader, Anne C Mosenthal, Colleen Mulkerin, Kathleen A Puntillo, David E Weissman, Renee D Boss, Karen J Brasel, Judith E Nelson
Burn specialists have long recognized the need for and role modeled a comprehensive approach incorporating relief of distress as part of care during critical illness. More recently, palliative care specialists have become part of the healthcare team in many US hospitals, especially larger academic institutions that are more likely to have designated burn centers. No current literature describes the intersection of palliative care and burn care or integration of primary and specialist palliative care in this unique context...
June 7, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579825/durapain-in-symptomatic-treatment-of-severe-acute-pain-a-post-marketing-prospective-multicenter-observational-study-prime-study
#20
Kshitij Shah, Omvijay B Chaudhari, Palash Gupta, R Hom Chaudhuri, Ranjan Kamilya, Shreedhar S Kulkarni, S Subbaiah, Zubair H Sorathia, Gauri Billa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness, overall tolerability, and gastrointestinal (GI) tolerability of Durapain (fixed dose combination of tramadol hydrochloride immediate release [50 mg] and diclofenac sodium sustained release [75 mg]) in symptomatic treatment of severe acute pain in physician's routine clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter, observational, post-marketing study, adult patients (aged 18-60 years) with severe acute pain were treated with tramadol hydrochloride/diclofenac sodium as per approved prescribing information...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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