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Premature rupture of membrane

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209998/cervical-pessary-for-prevention-of-preterm-birth-a-meta-analysis
#1
Xin-Hang Jin, Dan Li, Li-Li Huang
To investigate the efficacy of cervical pessary placement in preventing preterm birth and perinatal morbidity and mortality in asymptomatic women with a singleton pregnancy and a short cervix, we searched literature in relevant databases. The meta-analysis of the 3 included trials (1412 women) showed cervical pessary placement did not reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm birth <34 weeks in these women (risk ratio (RR), 0.71; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.21-2.43, P = 0.59; I(2) = 90%). The sensitivity analyses by excluding one trial at one time showed the same results...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209491/the-preterm-cervix-reveals-a-transcriptomic-signature-in-the-presence-of-premature-pre-labor-rupture-of-membranes
#2
Sofia Makieva, Aurelija Dubicke, Sara F Rinaldi, Emma Fransson, Gunvor Ekman-Ordeberg, Jane E Norman
BACKGROUND: Premature Pre-labor Rupture of Fetal Membranes (PPROM) accounts for 30% of all premature births and is associated with detrimental long-term infant outcomes. Premature cervical remodeling, facilitated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), may trigger rupture at the zone of the fetal membranes overlying the cervix. The similarities and differences underlying cervical remodeling in PPROM and spontaneous preterm labor with intact membranes (PTL) are unexplored. OBJECTIVES: We aimed a) to perform the first transcriptomic assessment of the preterm human cervix to identify differences between PPROM and PTL and b) to compare the enzymatic activities of MMP-2 and 9 between PPROM and PTL...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202378/neonatology-oxidative-status-in-preterm-infants-with-premature-preterm-rupture-of-membranes-and-fetal-inflammatuar-response-syndrome
#3
Elif Özalkaya, Güner Karatekin, Sevilay Topçuoğlu, Hande Özgün Karatepe, Taner Hafızoğlu, Pervin Baran, Fahri Ovalı
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study, to determine an index of oxidative stress index in preterm infants less than 34 weeks gestational age with premature preterm rupture of membrane (PPROM) and fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS). METHODS: This study was designed as a prospective study. Fifty-one premature infants less than 35 weeks of gestational age were included in the study. The umbilical cord blood concentrations of IL-6, TAC (total antioxidant capacity) and PON-1 (paraoxonase-1) levels and TOS (total oxidative stress) were studied...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202111/-mortality-rate-and-cause-of-death-in-hospitalized-neonates-an-analysis-of-480-cases
#4
Feng-Dan Xu, Xiang-Yong Kong, Zhi-Chun Feng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mortality rate and the cause of death of hospitalized neonates. METHODS: The clinical data of 480 neonates who died between January 2008 and December 2014 were collected. The mortality rates of neonates with different gestational ages, birth weights, sexes, and ages in days were analyzed. The abnormal perinatal factors, cause of death, and death grade were summarized. RESULTS: Among the 41 910 hospitalized neonates, 480 (1...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182768/clinical-validation-of-a-model-predicting-the-risk-of-preterm-delivery
#5
Yohann Dabi, Sophie Nedellec, Claire Bonneau, Blandine Trouchard, Roman Rouzier, Alexandra Benachi
OBJECTIVES: To validate a model predicting the risk of threatened preterm delivery and to establish the optimal threshold for this risk scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two cohorts were studied: one of singleton pregnancies without preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and no cervical cerclage (cohort 1) and one of twin pregnancies without PPROM and no cervical cerclage (cohort 2). Patients were included from January 1st 2013 until December 31st 2013 by the Regional Perinatal Network of Ile de France with patients transferred because of threatened preterm delivery at 22 to 32 weeks of gestation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181672/endometriosis-increases-the-risk-of-obstetrical-and-neonatal-complications
#6
Janne Foss Berlac, Dorthe Hartwell, Charlotte Wessel Skovlund, Jens Langhoff-Roos, Øjvind Lidegaard
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to assess obstetrical complications and neonatal outcomes in women with endometriosis as compared to women without endometriosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National cohort including all delivering women and their newborns in Denmark 1997-2014. Data were extracted from the Danish Health Register and the Medical Birth Register. Logistic regression analysis provided odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Sub-analyses were made for primiparous women with a singleton pregnancy and for women with endometriosis who underwent gynecological surgery before pregnancy...
February 9, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178310/diversity-and-composition-of-vaginal-microbiota-of-pregnant-women-at-risk-for-transmitting-group-b-streptococcus-treated-with-intrapartum-penicillin
#7
Luiz Fernando Wurdig Roesch, Rita C Silveira, Andréa L Corso, Priscila Thiago Dobbler, Volker Mai, Bruna S Rojas, Álvaro M Laureano, Renato S Procianoy
BACKGROUND: Administering intravenous antibiotics during labor to women at risk for transmitting Group B Streptococcus (GBS) can prevent infections in newborns. However, the impact of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis on mothers' microbial community composition is largely unknown. We compared vaginal microbial composition in pregnant women experiencing preterm birth at ≤ 32 weeks gestation that received intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis with that in controls. METHODS: Microbiota in vaginal swabs collected shortly before delivery from GBS positive women that received penicillin intravenously during labor or after premature rupture of membranes was compared to controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176327/women-treated-for-epilepsy-during-pregnancy-outcomes-from-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Miia Artama, Jemina Ahola, Jani Raitanen, Jukka Uotila, Mika Gissler, Jouko Isojärvi, Anssi Auvinen
INTRODUCTION: Women with epilepsy (WWE) are generally treated as a risk group during pregnancy, but over 90% of pregnant WWE have favorable pregnancies. However, the risk of some pregnancy and delivery complications may be increased among WWE, especially regarding those on antiepileptic drugs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This nationwide, retrospective population-based cohort study includes WWE who gave birth in Finland during 1987-2008 (n=1737) and the reference cohort of random sample of women without epilepsy (n=4357)...
February 7, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168779/impact-of-risk-factors-for-perinatal-events-in-japan-introduction-of-a-newly-created-perinatal-event-score
#9
Yoshio Matsuda, Kemal Sasaki, Kaoru Kakinuma, Toshiyuki Kakinuma, Miki Tagawa, Ken Imai, Hiroaki Nonaka, Michitaka Ohwada, Shoji Satoh
AIM: A cohort study was performed to clarify the influence of risk factors on perinatal events (obstetric complications and/or perinatal deaths). METHODS: This cohort study reviewed 395 785 births from 2011 to 2013. Women with singleton pregnancies delivered after 22 weeks of gestation were included. The OR were determined on multivariate analysis. The perinatal event score (PES) for risk factors, which is the product of the OR of risk factors for obstetric complications, OR of risk factors for perinatal death, and OR of obstetric complications for perinatal death, was introduced to clarify the impact of each risk combination...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168638/the-relationship-between-the-latency-period-infection-markers-and-oxidant-and-antioxidant-states-in-women-with-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#10
N Ilhan, B K Aygun, H Gungor
BACKGROUND: A major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality has been reported to be preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Our objective was to evaluate oxidant-antioxidant balance, infection parameters, time interval between rupture of membranes and delivery (latency period), and the relationship among all these parameters. METHODS: Seventy-five cases with PPROM between 24 and 34 gestational weeks were included in the study. A control group of 41 women who gave birth at term were considered as the control group...
February 6, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166923/-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-excluding-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-%C3%A2-introduction
#11
B Langer, M-V Sénat, L Sentilhes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165444/correlation-between-cervical-infection-and-preterm-labor
#12
Larisa Mešić Ðogić, Nenad Lučić, Dragana Mićić, Feđa Omeragić, Enes Hodžić, Seid Fazlagić, Refka Kovač, Nevenka Pavlović
Aim To investigate a correlation between cervical canal infection and imminent preterm labor and to identify most frequent pathogens. Methods A prospective study was conducted in obstetrics/gynecology departments of Health Center and the University Clinical Center Tuzla, and General Hospital Tešanj (Bosnia and Herzegovina, B&H) between October 2013 and May 2014. An examined group included 50 healthy pregnant women with singleton pregnancy of the gestation age between the 28th and 37th week, with cervical changes that are related to imminent preterm labor...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160689/predictive-value-of-vaginal-il-6-and-tnf%C3%AE-bedside-tests-repeated-until-delivery-for-the-prediction-of-maternal-fetal-infection-in-cases-of-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#13
Gilles Kayem, Frederic Batteux, Noémie Girard, Thomas Schmitz, Marion Willaime, Francoise Maillard, Pierre Henri Jarreau, Francois Goffinet
OBJECTIVE: Examine the predictive value for maternal-fetal infection of routine bedside tests detecting the proinflammatory cytokines, TNFα and IL-6, in the vaginal secretions of women with premature rupture of the membranes (PROM). STUDY DESIGN: This prospective two-center cohort study included all women hospitalized for PROM over a 2-year period. A bedside test assessed IL-6 and TNFα in vaginal secretions. Both centers routinely tested CRP and leukocytes, assaying both in maternal serum, and analyzed vaginal bacterial flora; all samples were repeated twice weekly until delivery...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133615/pregnancy-during-adolescence-and-associated-risks-an-8-year-hospital-based-cohort-study-2007-2014-in-romania-the-country-with-the-highest-rate-of-teenage-pregnancy-in-europe
#14
Demetra-Gabriela Socolov, Magdalena Iorga, Alexandru Carauleanu, Ciprian Ilea, Iolanda Blidaru, Lucian Boiculese, Razvan-Vladimir Socolov
Aim. To determine pregnancy and delivery outcomes among teenagers. Materials and Methods. An 8-year retrospective comparative hospital-based cohort study is analysing singleton pregnancy comorbidities and delivery parameters of a teenage group under the age of 20 compared with a young adult group 20-24 years of age in a university hospital. Results. Teenage is a risk factor for preterm birth <37 weeks (1.21 [1.08-1.35]), foetal growth restriction (1.34 [1.21-1.48]), episiotomy (1.27 [1.21-1.34]), uterine revision (1...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130929/use-of-antenatal-corticosteroids-in-special-circumstances-a-comprehensive-review
#15
Everett F Magann, Kjell Haram, Songthip Ounpraseuth, Jan Helge Mortensen, Horace J Spencer, John C Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To determine in pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), hypertension, intrauterine growth restriction, multi-fetal gestations and pregnancies 23- 26 weeks≥ 34 weeks gestation whether antenatal corticosteroids benefit the fetus. DATA SOURCES: Literature review using PubMed, Web of Science, Clinical trials. gov, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1990 - 2015). METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Search terms linked special circumstances with corticosteroids...
January 28, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121831/committee-opinion-no-687-approaches-to-limit-intervention-during-labor-and-birth
#16
(no author information available yet)
Obstetrician-gynecologists, in collaboration with midwives, nurses, patients, and those who support them in labor, can help women meet their goals for labor and birth by using techniques that are associated with minimal interventions and high rates of patient satisfaction. Many common obstetric practices are of limited or uncertain benefit for low-risk women in spontaneous labor. For women who are in latent labor and are not admitted, a process of shared decision making is recommended. Admission during the latent phase of labor may be necessary for a variety of reasons...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121830/committee-opinion-no-687-summary-approaches-to-limit-intervention-during-labor-and-birth
#17
(no author information available yet)
Obstetrician-gynecologists, in collaboration with midwives, nurses, patients, and those who support them in labor, can help women meet their goals for labor and birth by using techniques that are associated with minimal interventions and high rates of patient satisfaction. Many common obstetric practices are of limited or uncertain benefit for low-risk women in spontaneous labor. For women who are in latent labor and are not admitted, a process of shared decision making is recommended. Admission during the latent phase of labor may be necessary for a variety of reasons...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120913/mechanisms-and-functions-of-nuclear-envelope-remodelling
#18
REVIEW
Rosemarie Ungricht, Ulrike Kutay
As a compartment border, the nuclear envelope (NE) needs to serve as both a protective membrane shell for the genome and a versatile communication interface between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Despite its important structural role in sheltering the genome, the NE is a dynamic and highly adaptable boundary that changes composition during differentiation, deforms in response to mechanical challenges, can be repaired upon rupture and even rapidly disassembles and reforms during open mitosis. NE remodelling is fundamentally involved in cell growth, division and differentiation, and if perturbed can lead to devastating diseases such as muscular dystrophies or premature ageing...
January 25, 2017: Nature Reviews. Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112691/positive-clinical-outcomes-derived-from-using-a-proprietary-mixture-of-selected-strains-during-pregnancy
#19
Francesco Di Pierro, Annamaria Parolari, Benedetta Brundu, Raffaele Nigro
BACKGROUND: While the use of antibiotic prophylaxis is clearly advantageous to prevent streptococcal infection, it alters the composition of the gut microbiota in mothers and infants. Enterococcus faecium L3 is one of the best studied probiotic strains and shows strong antagonistic activity against Streptococcus agalactiae due to the production of bacteriocins able to inhibit common gut and vaginal pathogens. METHODS: We tested an L3-based probiotic formula (iNatal®) on 127 pregnant women attending our gynaecological unit in 2015...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104401/leading-causes-of-preterm-delivery-as-risk-factors-for-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-very-preterm-infants-results-of-the-epipage-2-cohort-study
#20
Marie Chevallier, Thierry Debillon, Veronique Pierrat, Pierre Delorme, Gilles Kayem, Mélanie Durox, François Goffinet, Stephane Marret, Pierre Yves Ancel
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular hemorrhage is a major risk factor for neurodevelopmental disabilities in preterm infants. However, few studies have investigated how pregnancy complications responsible for preterm delivery are related to intraventricular hemorrhage. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the main causes of preterm delivery and intraventricular hemorrhage in very preterm infants born in France during 2011 between 22 and 31 weeks of gestation...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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