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Margo J H van Campenhout, Florian van Bömmel, Maria Pfefferkorn, Janett Fischer, Danilo Deichsel, André Boonstra, Anneke J van Vuuren, Thomas Berg, Bettina E Hansen, Harry L A Janssen
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) RNA in serum is a novel biomarker for intrahepatic HBV replication and treatment response. For its proper use it is essential to identify factors influencing serum HBV RNA level. Using a RACE PCR technique (lower limit of detection 800 copies/mL [c/mL]), serum HBV RNA levels were measured in samples of 488 untreated individuals with chronic HBV infection who were eligible to treatment according to currently used recommendations. We explored the association of serum levels of HBV RNA with patient and virus associated factors...
March 7, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Vanessa Xue-Ling Tan, Janette Graetz Simmonds
This research explored parents' perceptions of the psychosocial outcomes of their children's experience of receiving equine-assisted interventions (EAI). Participants were the parents of six children (aged 3-14) diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Five semi-structured interviews were conducted and the transcript data was analysed using Interpretative phenomenological analysis. Four super-ordinate themes emerged from the analysis: (1) child's improved self-concept and enhanced emotional well-being, (2) child's improved self-regulatory ability, (3) social benefits for the child, and (4) unexpected outcomes...
March 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Ramin Vismeh, Diane Haddad, Janette Moore, Chandra Nielson, Bryan Bals, Tim Campbell, Allen Julian, Farzaneh Teymouri, A Daniel Jones, Venkataraman Bringi
Acetamide has been classified as a possible human carcinogen, but uncertainties exist about its levels in foods. This report presents evidence that thermal decomposition of N-acetylated sugars and amino acids in heated gas chromatograph injectors contributes to artifactual acetamide in milk and beef. An alternative gas chromatography/mass spectrometry protocol based on derivatization of acetamide with 9-xanthydrol was optimized and shown to be free of artifactual acetamide formation. The protocol was validated using a surrogate analyte approach based on d3 -acetamide and applied to analyze 23 pasteurized whole milk, 44 raw sirloin beef, and raw milk samples from 14 different cows, and yielded levels about 10-fold lower than those obtained by direct injection without derivatization...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Jacob Gratten, Qiongyi Zhao, Beben Benyamin, Fleur Garton, Ji He, Paul J Leo, Marie Mangelsdorf, Lisa Anderson, Zong-Hong Zhang, Lu Chen, Xiang-Ding Chen, Katie Cremin, Hong-Weng Deng, Janette Edson, Ying-Ying Han, Jessica Harris, Anjali K Henders, Zi-Bing Jin, Zhongshan Li, Yong Lin, Xiaolu Liu, Mhairi Marshall, Bryan J Mowry, Shu Ran, David C Reutens, Sharon Song, Li-Jun Tan, Lu Tang, Robyn H Wallace, Lawrie Wheeler, Jinyu Wu, Jian Yang, Huji Xu, Peter M Visscher, Perry F Bartlett, Matthew A Brown, Naomi R Wray, Dongsheng Fan
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurological disease characterised by the degeneration of motor neurons, which are responsible for voluntary movement. There remains limited understanding of disease aetiology, with median survival of ALS of three years and no effective treatment. Identifying genes that contribute to ALS susceptibility is an important step towards understanding aetiology. The vast majority of published human genetic studies, including for ALS, have used samples of European ancestry...
November 17, 2017: Genome Medicine
V H Cap, P J Hug, T Echtermann, S Von Ah, I Nussbaumer, F Janett, R Bettschart-Wolfensberger
In this study dose rate combinations of ketamine, azaperone and romifidine were tested in 3-4 (G3-4) and 5-6 weeks (G5-6) old piglets according to a dose rate decision tree (DRT) to provide calm anaesthesia induction, reaction-free anaesthesia for castration and smooth recovery within 2 hours. When a combination failed to meet those criteria in 2 piglets, the next dosage of the DRT was tested. In G3-4 four combinations were tested in 14 piglets with dose rates of 10-20 mg/kg ketamine, 3 mg/kg azaperone and 0...
November 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Mark R Zonfrillo, Mackenzie L Ramsay, Janette E Fennell, Amber Andreasen
OBJECTIVE: There have been substantial reductions in motor vehicle crash-related child fatalities due to advances in legislation, public safety campaigns, and engineering. Less is known about non-traffic injuries and fatalities to children in and around motor vehicles. The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of various non-traffic incidents, injuries, and fatalities to children using a unique surveillance system and database. METHODS: Instances of non-traffic injuries and fatalities in the United States to children 0-14 years were tracked from January 1990 to December 2014 using a compilation of sources including media reports, individual accounts from families of affected children, medical examiner reports, police reports, child death review teams, coroner reports, medical professionals, legal professionals, and other various modes of publication...
September 21, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
Joshua Feinberg, Emil Eik Nielsen, Janette Greenhalgh, Juliet Hounsome, Naqash J Sethi, Sanam Safi, Christian Gluud, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.7 million people died from acute coronary syndrome worldwide in 2012. Acute coronary syndrome, also known as myocardial infarction or unstable angina pectoris, is caused by a sudden blockage of the blood supplied to the heart muscle. Percutaneous coronary intervention is often used for acute coronary syndrome, but previous systematic reviews on the effects of drug-eluting stents compared with bare-metal stents have shown conflicting results with regard to myocardial infarction; have not fully taken account of the risk of random and systematic errors; and have not included all relevant randomised clinical trials...
August 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ewelina Rogozińska, Nadine Marlin, Louise Jackson, Girish Rayanagoudar, Anneloes E Ruifrok, Julie Dodds, Emma Molyneaux, Mireille Nm van Poppel, Lucilla Poston, Christina A Vinter, Fionnuala McAuliffe, Jodie M Dodd, Julie Owens, Ruben Barakat, Maria Perales, Jose G Cecatti, Fernanda Surita, SeonAe Yeo, Annick Bogaerts, Roland Devlieger, Helena Teede, Cheryce Harrison, Lene Haakstad, Garry X Shen, Alexis Shub, Nermeen El Beltagy, Narges Motahari, Janette Khoury, Serena Tonstad, Riitta Luoto, Tarja I Kinnunen, Kym Guelfi, Fabio Facchinetti, Elisabetta Petrella, Suzanne Phelan, Tânia T Scudeller, Kathrin Rauh, Hans Hauner, Kristina Renault, Christianne Jm de Groot, Linda R Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad, Signe Nilssen Stafne, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Å Salvesen, Dorte M Jensen, Márcia Vitolo, Arne Astrup, Nina Rw Geiker, Sally Kerry, Pelham Barton, Tracy Roberts, Richard D Riley, Arri Coomarasamy, Ben Willem Mol, Khalid S Khan, Shakila Thangaratinam
BACKGROUND: Diet- and physical activity-based interventions in pregnancy have the potential to alter maternal and child outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether or not the effects of diet and lifestyle interventions vary in subgroups of women, based on maternal body mass index (BMI), age, parity, Caucasian ethnicity and underlying medical condition(s), by undertaking an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis. We also evaluated the association of gestational weight gain (GWG) with adverse pregnancy outcomes and assessed the cost-effectiveness of the interventions...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Hugo Juárez Olguín, Hector Osnaya Martínez, Carmen Flores Pérez, Blanca Ramírez Mendiola, Liliana Rivera Espinosa, Juan Luis Chávez Pacheco, Janett Flores Pérez, Ignacio Mora Magaña
BACKGROUND: Recently, sildenafil was introduced to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH); however, there are currently few studies on the pharmacokinetics of sildenalfil in children. Therefore, we aimed to carry out a pharmacokinetic study of sildenafil in children with PAH using a single dose. METHODS: Twelve children diagnosed with PAH, consisting of with ten males and two females, were recruited for the study after obtaining written consent from their parents or guardians...
December 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Christina M Mitchell, Carol E Kaufman, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Janette Beals, Ellen M Keane
For adolescents, normative development encompasses learning to negotiate challenges of sexual situations; of special importance are skills to prevent early pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted diseases. Disparities in sexual risk among American Indian youth point to the importance of intervening to attenuate this risk. This study explored the impact of Circle of Life (COL), an HIV prevention intervention based on social cognitive theory, on trajectories of self-efficacy (refusing sex, avoiding sexual situations) among 635 students from 13 middle schools on one American Indian reservation...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Peter N Lee, John S Fry, Janette S Hamling
We present analyses relating cigarette type to lung cancer based on a case-control study in five European countries. The analyses involved 3561 cases and 2301 controls with diseases not associated with smoking. Subjects completed a detailed questionnaire, including a lifetime smoking history. Analyses included never smokers, and those who smoked for at least 80% of the "critical period" from 2 to 20 years before diagnosis, ignoring those who ever smoked pipes or cigars, or chewed tobacco. The main analysis compares risk in those who, in the critical period, smoked ultra-low tar (ULT) cigarettes (machine yield ≤3 mg tar/cigarette) for 8 + years, with those who only smoked full flavour (FF) cigarettes (≥10 mg tar/cigarette)...
July 25, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Janette B Myers, Vincent Zaegel, Steven J Coultrap, Adam P Miller, K Ulrich Bayer, Steve L Reichow
The Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) assembles into large 12-meric holoenzymes, which is thought to enable regulatory processes required for synaptic plasticity underlying learning, memory and cognition. Here we used single particle electron microscopy (EM) to determine a pseudoatomic model of the CaMKIIα holoenzyme in an extended and activation-competent conformation. The holoenzyme is organized by a rigid central hub complex, while positioning of the kinase domains is highly flexible, revealing dynamic holoenzymes ranging from 15-35 nm in diameter...
June 7, 2017: Nature Communications
Yoana Hristova, Janett Köhn, Stefanie Preuß, Claus Rödel, Panagiotis Balermpas
INTRODUCTION: Considering that the number of malignant diseases in patients over 65 years of age is increasing, it often occurs that patients who carry a cardiac implanted electronic device must undergo radiotherapy. Ionizing radiation can disturb the function of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). As a result of this, an update of the DEGRO/DKG guidelines for radiotherapy of this patient group has been published. METHODS: We report the case of a patient with an ICD and T‑lymphoblastic lymphoma with cardiac involvement, who received i...
September 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Janette L Vardy, Cindy Tan, Jane D Turner, Haryana Dhillon
INTRODUCTION: The care of cancer survivors after primary adjuvant treatment is recognised as a distinct phase of the cancer journey. Recent research highlights the importance of lifestyle factors in treating symptoms, potentially decreasing risk of a cancer recurrence and modifying the risk of developing other chronic illnesses that are increased in the cancer population. Survivorship services aim to deliver care that addresses these issues. The overall aims are to determine the health status of cancer survivors and to evaluate the services offered by the Sydney Survivorship Centre (SSC)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
Sonia Rawal, Stephen Harrington, S Janette Williams, Karthik Ramachandran, Lisa Stehno-Bittel
Preservation of pancreatic islets for long-term storage of islets used for transplantation or research has long been a goal. Unfortunately, few studies on long-term islet cryopreservation (1 month and longer) have reported positive outcomes in terms of islet yield, survival and function. In general, single cells have been shown to tolerate the cryopreservation procedure better than tissues/multicellular structures like islets. Thus, we optimized a method to cryopreserve single islet cells and, after thawing, reaggregated them into islet spheroids...
June 2017: Cryobiology
Helmut Trimmel, Christoph Beywinkler, Sonja Hornung, Janett Kreutziger, Wolfgang G Voelckel
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital airway management is a major challenge for emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. Despite convincing evidence that the rescuer's qualifications determine efficacy of tracheal intubation, in-hospital airway management training is not mandatory in Austria, and often neglected. Thus we sought to prove that airway management competence of EMS physicians can be established and maintained by a tailored training program. METHODS: In this descriptive quality control study we retrospectively evaluated all in- and pre-hospital airway cases managed by EMS physicians who underwent a structured in-hospital training program in anesthesia at General Hospital Wiener Neustadt...
April 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Danielle Cipres, Amanda Rodriguez, Janette Alvarez, Lisa Stern, Jody Steinauer, Dominika Seidman
PURPOSE: Young women of color in the United States are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We characterize the protective behaviors used by young women to reduce their vulnerability to STI acquisition and examine how STI prevention strategies differ by race/ethnicity. METHODS: From 2015 to 2016, women aged 13-24 years presenting to five Northern California family planning clinics were surveyed about their STI prevention strategies...
May 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
William D Winkelman, Alison J Huang, Michael Schembri, Rebecca G Rogers, Holly Richter, Deborah L Myers, Stephen R Kraus, Karen C Johnson, Rachel Hess, Tomas Gregory, Catherine S Bradley, Lily Arya, Janette S Brown, Leslee L Subak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify clinical and demographic characteristics that moderate response to treatment with fesoterodine among women with a diagnosis of urgency-predominant urinary incontinence. METHODS: A multicenter, double-blinded, 12-week randomized controlled trial of pharmacologic therapy for urgency-predominant urinary incontinence in community-dwelling women diagnosed by the 3-item Incontinence Questionnaire (3IQ) was previously performed...
March 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Aoife Hayes, Áine Hennessy, Janette Walton, Breige A McNulty, Alice J Lucey, Máiréad Kiely, Albert Flynn, Kevin D Cashman
BACKGROUND: Data from a nationally representative sample of 18- to 64-y-old Irish adults conducted in 1999 highlighted low phylloquinone intakes. That survey, however, did not include older adults (aged ≥65 y), a subgroup that is potentially at higher risk of low phylloquinone intakes, or a biomarker of vitamin K status. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this work were to measure the phylloquinone intake and its adequacy and the serum percentage of undercarboxylated osteocalcin (%ucOC), a vitamin K status biomarker, in a nationally representative sample of Irish adults aged 18-90 y, and to compare these newer data on dietary phylloquinone in adults aged 18-64 y with those from the previous survey...
November 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Janette McDougall, David J DeWit, Megan Nichols, Linda Miller, F Virginia Wright
PURPOSE: Objectives of this longitudinal study were to examine 3-year trajectories of global perceived quality of life (QOL) for youth with chronic health conditions, as obtained from youth and parent reports, and to identify personal and environmental factors associated with the trajectory groups for each perspective. METHODS: Youth with various chronic conditions aged 11-17 years and one of their parents were recruited from eight children's treatment centers...
December 2016: Quality of Life Research
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