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Helmut Trimmel, Christoph Beywinkler, Sonja Hornung, Janett Kreutziger, Wolfgang G Voelckel
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital airway management is a major challenge for emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. Despite convincing evidence that the rescuer's qualifications determine efficacy of tracheal intubation, in-hospital airway management training is not mandatory in Austria, and often neglected. Thus we sought to prove that airway management competence of EMS physicians can be established and maintained by a tailored training program. METHODS: In this descriptive quality control study we retrospectively evaluated all in- and pre-hospital airway cases managed by EMS physicians who underwent a structured in-hospital training program in anesthesia at General Hospital Wiener Neustadt...
April 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Danielle Cipres, Amanda Rodriguez, Janette Alvarez, Lisa Stern, Jody Steinauer, Dominika Seidman
PURPOSE: Young women of color in the United States are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We characterize the protective behaviors used by young women to reduce their vulnerability to STI acquisition and examine how STI prevention strategies differ by race/ethnicity. METHODS: From 2015 to 2016, women aged 13-24 years presenting to five Northern California family planning clinics were surveyed about their STI prevention strategies...
May 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
William D Winkelman, Alison J Huang, Michael Schembri, Rebecca G Rogers, Holly Richter, Deborah L Myers, Stephen R Kraus, Karen C Johnson, Rachel Hess, Tomas Gregory, Catherine S Bradley, Lily Arya, Janette S Brown, Leslee L Subak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify clinical and demographic characteristics that moderate response to treatment with fesoterodine among women with a diagnosis of urgency-predominant urinary incontinence. METHODS: A multicenter, double-blinded, 12-week randomized controlled trial of pharmacologic therapy for urgency-predominant urinary incontinence in community-dwelling women diagnosed by the 3-item Incontinence Questionnaire (3IQ) was previously performed...
March 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Aoife Hayes, Áine Hennessy, Janette Walton, Breige A McNulty, Alice J Lucey, Máiréad Kiely, Albert Flynn, Kevin D Cashman
BACKGROUND: Data from a nationally representative sample of 18- to 64-y-old Irish adults conducted in 1999 highlighted low phylloquinone intakes. That survey, however, did not include older adults (aged ≥65 y), a subgroup that is potentially at higher risk of low phylloquinone intakes, or a biomarker of vitamin K status. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this work were to measure the phylloquinone intake and its adequacy and the serum percentage of undercarboxylated osteocalcin (%ucOC), a vitamin K status biomarker, in a nationally representative sample of Irish adults aged 18-90 y, and to compare these newer data on dietary phylloquinone in adults aged 18-64 y with those from the previous survey...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Janette McDougall, David J DeWit, Megan Nichols, Linda Miller, F Virginia Wright
PURPOSE: Objectives of this longitudinal study were to examine 3-year trajectories of global perceived quality of life (QOL) for youth with chronic health conditions, as obtained from youth and parent reports, and to identify personal and environmental factors associated with the trajectory groups for each perspective. METHODS: Youth with various chronic conditions aged 11-17 years and one of their parents were recruited from eight children's treatment centers...
December 2016: Quality of Life Research
Janett Fischer, Alexander N R Weber, Stephan Böhm, Sabine Dickhöfer, Souhayla El Maadidi, Danilo Deichsel, Viola Knop, Hartwig Klinker, Bernd Möller, Jens Rasenack, Lisa Wang, Manu Sharma, Holger Hinrichsen, Ulrich Spengler, Peter Buggisch, Christoph Sarrazin, Michael Pawlita, Tim Waterboer, Manfred Wiese, Elsbeth Probst-Müller, Raffaele Malinverni, Pierre-Yves Bochud, Clair Gardiner, Cliona O'Farrelly, Thomas Berg
OBJECTIVE: As pathogen sensors, Toll-like receptors (TLR) play a role in the first defence line during HCV infection. However, the impact of the DNA sensor TLR9 on the natural course of HCV infection is unknown. To address this, TLR9 promoter polymorphisms (single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)) rs187084 and rs5743836 were investigated for their effect on disease progression. DESIGN: Therefore, the TLR9 SNPs and the interferon lambda 4 (IFNL4) rs12979860 were genotyped in chronically HCV type 1 infected (n=333), in patients who spontaneously cleared the infection (n=161), in the Swiss HCV cohort (n=1057) and the well-characterised German (n=305) and Irish (n=198) 'anti-D' cohorts...
April 21, 2016: Gut
Lieke Gijsbers, Eric L Ding, Vasanti S Malik, Janette de Goede, Johanna M Geleijnse, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu
BACKGROUND: A growing number of cohort studies suggest a potential role of dairy consumption in type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevention. The strength of this association and the amount of dairy needed is not clear. OBJECTIVE: We performed a meta-analysis to quantify the associations of incident T2D with dairy foods at different levels of intake. DESIGN: A systematic literature search of the PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases (from inception to 14 April 2015) was supplemented by hand searches of reference lists and correspondence with authors of prior studies...
April 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Joan M O'Connell, Douglas K Novins, Janette Beals, Nancy R Whitesell, Paul Spicer
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationships between early and combined use of alcohol and marijuana with diagnoses of alcohol and marijuana use disorders in two American Indian (AI) populations. METHOD: Data were drawn from a psychiatric epidemiologic study of 3084 AIs living on or near two reservations. We analysed data for adults aged 18-54 years at the time of interview (n = 2739). Logistic regression models were estimated to examine associations between early and combined use of alcohol and marijuana with lifetime diagnoses of abuse and dependence...
2011: Journal of Substance Use
Vincent C Reyes, Melissa R Spitzmiller, Anne Hong-Hermesdorf, Janette Kropat, Robert D Damoiseaux, Sabeeha S Merchant, Shaily Mahendra
Although interactions of metallic nanoparticles (NPs) with various microorganisms have been previously explored, few studies have examined how metal sensitivity impacts NP toxicity. The present study investigated the effects of copper NPs (Cu-NP) exposure on the model alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in the presence and absence of the essential micronutrient copper. The toxic ranges for Cu-NPs and the ionic control, CuCl2 , were determined using a high-throughput adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-based fluorescence assay...
May 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Ritu Mogra, Rahmah Saaid, Greg Kesby, Janette Hayward, Jessica Malkoun, Jon Hyett
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence that most of the major cardiac abnormalities can be diagnosed at 14-15 weeks of gestation. We present our experience of early fetal echocardiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of women referred for early fetal echocardiography at 13-16 weeks of gestation at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and Sydney Ultrasound for Women between August 2011 and March 2014. Findings of early fetal echocardiography, details of subsequent ultrasound examinations and pregnancy outcome were recorded...
December 2015: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Clare M McCann, Neil D Gray, Janette Tourney, Russell J Davenport, Matthew Wade, Nina Finlay, Karen A Hudson-Edwards, Karen L Johnson
A natural Mn oxide (NMO) waste was assessed as an in situ remediation amendment for Pb contaminated sites. The viability of this was investigated using a 10 month lysimeter trial, wherein a historically Pb contaminated soil was amended with a 10% by weight model NMO. The model NMO was found to have a large Pb adsorption capacity (qmax 346±14 mg g(-1)). However, due to the heterogeneous nature of the Pb contamination in the soils (3650.54-9299.79 mg kg(-1)), no treatment related difference in Pb via geochemistry could be detected...
November 2015: Chemosphere
Simone Janett, Pietro Camozzi, Gabriëlla G A M Peeters, Sebastiano A G Lava, Giacomo D Simonetti, Barbara Goeggel Simonetti, Mario G Bianchetti, Gregorio P Milani
In 2006, hypomagnesemia was first described as a complication of proton-pump inhibitors. To address this issue, we systematically reviewed the literature. Hypomagnesemia, mostly associated with hypocalcemic hypoparathyroidism and hypokalemia, was reported in 64 individuals on long-term proton-pump inhibitors. Hypomagnesemia recurred following replacement of one proton-pump inhibitor with another but not with a histamine type-2 receptor antagonist. The association between proton-pump inhibitors and magnesium metabolism was addressed in 14 case-control, cross-sectional studies...
2015: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Janette de Goede, Johanna M Geleijnse, Eric L Ding, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu
CONTEXT: Cheese may affect lipids and lipoproteins differently than other high-fat dairy foods.  OBJECTIVE: The present systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate randomized controlled trials that examined the effect of cheese consumption compared with another food product on blood lipids and lipoproteins.  DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search of the MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, CAB Abstracts, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and the clinicaltrials...
May 2015: Nutrition Reviews
Ueli Braun, Monika Hilbe, Fredi Janett, Michael Hässig, Reto Zanoni, Sandra Frei, Matthias Schweizer
BACKGROUND: This study describes the transmission of border disease virus (BDV) from a persistently infected calf to seronegative heifers in early pregnancy, resulting in persistently infected fetuses. On day 50 of pregnancy (= day 0 of the infection phase), six heifers were co-housed in a free stall with a bull calf persistently infected with BDV (pi BVD) for 60 days. The heifers underwent daily clinical examination, and blood samples were collected regularly for detection of pestiviral RNA and anti-pestivirus antibodies...
2015: BMC Veterinary Research
U Braun, S Frei, M Schweizer, R Zanoni, F Janett
The goal of this study was to investigate the transmissibility of border disease (BD) virus to seronegative cows via artificial insemination with cryopreserved semen from a bull persistently infected with BD virus. Five pestivirus naive cows were inseminated with BD virus-infected semen. Blood was collected for detection of pestivirus antibody by means of an ELISA on day 0 (day of insemination) and then every 7 days until day 56, at which time a serum neutralisation test (SNT) for differentiation of BD and BVD virus was carried out...
June 2015: Research in Veterinary Science
Ueli Braun, Monika Hilbe, Fredi Janett, Michael Hässig, Reto Zanoni, Sandra Frei, Matthias Schweizer
BACKGROUND: This study describes the transmission of border disease virus (BDV) from a persistently infected calf to seronegative heifers in early pregnancy, resulting in persistently infected fetuses. On day 50 of pregnancy (= day 0 of the infection phase), six heifers were co-housed in a free stall with a bull calf persistently infected with BDV (pi BVD) for 60 days. The heifers underwent daily clinical examination, and blood samples were collected regularly for detection of pestiviral RNA and anti-pestivirus antibodies...
December 2015: BMC Veterinary Research
Rebecca Bromley, Jennifer Weston, Naghme Adab, Janette Greenhalgh, Anna Sanniti, Andrew J McKay, Catrin Tudur Smith, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests an association between prenatal exposure to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and increased risk of both physical anomalies and neurodevelopmental impairment. Neurodevelopmental impairment is characterised by either a specific deficit or a constellation of deficits across cognitive, motor and social skills and can be transient or continuous into adulthood. It is of paramount importance that these potential risks are identified, minimised and communicated clearly to women with epilepsy...
October 30, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jean-Claude Cutz, Kenneth J Craddock, Emina Torlakovic, Guilherme Brandao, Ronald F Carter, Gilbert Bigras, Jean Deschenes, Iyare Izevbaye, Zhaolin Xu, Wenda Greer, Yasushi Yatabe, Diana Ionescu, Aly Karsan, Sungmi Jung, Richard S Fraser, Miriam Blumenkrantz, Josee Lavoie, Flechere Fortin, Anna Bojarski, Gilbert B Côté, Janette A van den Berghe, Fariborz Rashid-Kolvear, Martin Trotter, Harmanjatinder S Sekhon, Roula Albadine, Danh Tran-Thanh, Isabelle Gorska, Joan H M Knoll, Jie Xu, Ben Blencowe, A John Iafrate, David M Hwang, Melania Pintilie, Rania Gaspo, Christian Couture, Ming-Sound Tsao
INTRODUCTION: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is currently the standard for diagnosing anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged (ALK+) lung cancers for ALK inhibitor therapies. ALK immunohistochemistry (IHC) may serve as a screening and alternative diagnostic method. The Canadian ALK (CALK) study was initiated to implement a multicenter optimization and standardization of laboratory developed ALK IHC and FISH tests across 14 hospitals. METHODS: Twenty-eight lung adenocarcinomas with known ALK status were used as blinded study samples...
September 2014: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Susan Liersch-Sumskis, Lorna Moxham, Janette Curtis
PURPOSE: The use of medication is an important aspect within the experience of schizophrenia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Interviews with 14 people with schizophrenia were analyzed using van Kaam's psychophenomenological method, and findings revealed two opposing and important attitudes toward medication. FINDINGS: Adopting an attitude of choosing to use prescribed medication means autonomously self-managing medication and taking prescribed medication means feeling challenged and being under external pressure through being told or forced by others and therefore having no personal connection to the details or purpose of medication...
April 2015: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Francesca L Beaudoin, Steven Straube, Jason Lopez, Michael J Mello, Janette Baird
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of prescription opioid misuse in a cohort of discharged emergency department (ED) patients who received prescription opioids and to examine factors predictive of misuse. METHODS: This prospective observational study enrolled a sample of ED patients aged 18 to 55 years who were discharged with a prescription opioid. Participants completed surveys at baseline in the ED, then 3 and 30 days later...
June 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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