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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212560/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-in-cancer-patients-an-italian-multicenter-survey
#1
Massimiliano Berretta, Chiara Della Pepa, Paolo Tralongo, Alberto Fulvi, Ferdinando Martellotta, Arben Lleshi, Guglielmo Nasti, Rossella Fisichella, Carmela Romano, Chiara De Divitiis, Rosaria Taibi, Francesco Fiorica, Raffaele Di Francia, Anna Di Mari, Lino Del Pup, Anna Crispo, Paolo De Paoli, Adriano Santorelli, Vincenzo Quagliariello, Rosario Vincenzo Iaffaioli, Umberto Tirelli, Gaetano Facchini
INTRODUCTION: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) include a wide range of products (herbs, vitamins, minerals, and probiotics) and medical practices, developed outside of the mainstream Western medicine. Patients with cancer are more likely to resort to CAM first or then in their disease history; the potential side effects as well as the costs of such practices are largely underestimated. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We conducted a descriptive survey in five Italian hospitals involving 468 patients with different malignancies...
December 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211050/the-care-approach-to-reducing-diagnostic-errors
#2
Jess L Rush, Stephen E Helms, Eliot N Mostow
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic errors appear to be the most common, costly, and dangerous of all medical mistakes. There has been a notable increase on the focus of error prevention as part of a growing patient safety movement. However, diagnostic errors have received less attention than other types of error. Our goal is to present a short mnemonic that can act as a checklist or posted reminder to help practitioners in dermatology or any field of medicine to avoid diagnostic errors. METHODS: To meet this goal, the authors reviewed the literature and discussed errors and potential errors they have experienced over 55 years of combined practice, to create a short mnemonic...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210931/serotonin-syndrome-from-5-hydroxytryptophan-supplement-ingestion-in-a-9-month-old-labrador-retriever
#3
Hopkins Jennifer, Pardo Mariana, Bischoff Karyn
INTRODUCTION: 5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) supplements are available over the counter and labeled as sleeping aids and anxiolytics for human use. 5-HTP is a serotonin precursor and overdose can lead to serotonin syndrome. CASE REPORT: A 9-month-old female Labrador retriever was evaluated after ingestion of a 5-HTP supplement. Signs of agitation developed within 1 h of ingestion, and emesis was attempted by the owner with  3% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) orally. On presentation, the dog was obtunded, bilaterally mydriatic and salivating...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210760/-risk-management-in-anesthesia-and-critical-care-medicine
#4
C Eisold, A R Heller
Throughout its history, anesthesia and critical care medicine has experienced vast improvements to increase patient safety. Consequently, anesthesia has never been performed on such a high level as it is being performed today. As a result, we do not always fully perceive the risks involved in our daily activity. A survey performed in Swiss hospitals identified a total of 169 hot spots which endanger patient safety. It turned out that there is a complex variety of possible errors that can only be tackled through consistent implementation of a safety culture...
February 16, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210368/academic-primer-series-five-key-papers-about-team-collaboration-relevant-to-emergency-medicine
#5
Michael Gottlieb, Catherine Grossman, Emily Rose, William Sanderson, Felix Ankel, Anand Swaminathan, Teresa M Chan
INTRODUCTION: Team collaboration is an essential for success both within academics and the clinical environment. Often, team collaboration is not explicitly taught during medical school or even residency, and must be learned during one's early career. In this article, we aim to summarize five key papers about team collaboration for early career clinician educators. METHODS: We conducted a consensus-building process among the writing team to generate a list of key papers that describe the importance or significance of team collaboration, seeking input from social media sources...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210367/academic-primer-series-eight-key-papers-about-education-theory
#6
Michael Gottlieb, Megan Boysen-Osborn, Teresa M Chan, Sara M Krzyzaniak, Nicolas Pineda, Jordan Spector, Jonathan Sherbino
INTRODUCTION: Many teachers adopt instructional methods based on assumptions of best practices without attention to or knowledge of supporting education theory. Familiarity with a variety of theories informs education that is efficient, strategic, and evidence-based. As part of the Academic Life in Emergency Medicine Faculty Incubator Program, a list of key education theories for junior faculty was developed. METHODS: A list of key papers on theories relevant to medical education was generated using an expert panel, a virtual community of practice synthetic discussion, and a social media call for resources...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210366/blog-and-podcast-watch-cutaneous-emergencies
#7
Andrew Grock, Eric J Morley, Lynn Roppolo, Jay Khadpe, Felix Ankel, Michelle Lin
INTRODUCTION: The WestJEM Blog and Podcast Watch presents high quality open-access educational blogs and podcasts in emergency medicine (EM) based on the ongoing Academic Life in Emergency Medicine (ALiEM) Approved Instructional Resources (AIR) and AIR-Professional series. Both series critically appraise resources using an objective scoring rubric. This installment of the Blog and Podcast Watch highlights the topic of cutaneous emergencies from the AIR series. METHODS: The AIR series is a continuously building curriculum that follows the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors (CORD) annual testing schedule...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210357/a-survey-of-emergency-medicine-residents-use-of-educational-podcasts
#8
Jeff Riddell, Anand Swaminathan, Monica Lee, Abdiwahab Mohamed, Rob Rogers, Salim R Rezaie
INTRODUCTION: Emergency medicine (EM) educational podcasts have become increasingly popular. Residents spend a greater percentage of their time listening to podcasts than they do using other educational materials. Despite this popularity, research into podcasting in the EM context is sparse. We aimed to determine EM residents' consumption habits, optimal podcast preferences, and motivation for listening to EM podcasts. METHODS: We created a survey and emailed it to EM residents at all levels of training at 12 residencies across the United States from September 2015 to June 2016...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210356/twelve-years-since-importance-of-cross-cultural-competency-recognized-where-are-we-now
#9
Remi A Kessler, Wendy C Coates, Arjun Chanmugam
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to analyze the content and volume of literature that has been written on cultural competency in emergency medicine (EM) since its educational imperative was first described by the Institute of Medicine in 2002. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature search through the PubMed portal in January 2015 to identify all articles and reviews that addressed cultural competency in EM. Articles were included in the review if cultural competency was described or if its impact on healthcare disparities or curriculum development was described...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209661/non-topical-management-of-recalcitrant-paediatric-atopic-dermatitis
#10
REVIEW
Jin Ho Chong, Mark Jean Aan Koh
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic, pruritic skin disease in children. As the incidence of AD increases, especially in high-income countries, paediatricians may see an increasing number of recalcitrant AD cases in their practice. Although these cases are principally managed by paediatric dermatologists, it is important for paediatricians to be aware of the use and side effects of non-topical treatment like phototherapy and systemic agents as well as the evidence for alternative treatment, which caregivers may ask about...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209501/comparing-surgical-clerkship-performance-of-medical-and-physician-assistant-students
#11
Nasser N Alamiri, Charles Miles Maliska, Heather Chancellor-McIntosh, Guido Sclabas
OBJECTIVE: Third-year medical students (MS-III) and second-year physician assistant students (PA-S) have similar core clinical rotations during their education. Uniquely at our institution, both groups rotate together and are assessed by the same evaluation and grading standards. This study compares the performance of MS-III and PA-S during their combined surgical clerkship rotation. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis on students' final clerkship grades, individual grades for clinical performance evaluation, objective structured clinical examination, faculty tutorials, and National Board of Medical Education (NBME) general surgery examination for academic years 2013 and 2014...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#12
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207581/the-impact-of-an-interprofessional-oral-health-curriculum-on-trainees
#13
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207415/attitudes-skill-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-among-us-western-herbal-medicine-providers-a-national-survey
#14
James E Snow, Matthew J Leach, Bevin A Clare
Background Evidence-based practice (EBP) has been the focus of increasing attention in the teaching and delivery of both complementary and conventional healthcare. Western herbal medicine (WHM) is a system of complementary healthcare rooted in tradition. How WHM practitioners perceive, are prepared for, and use EBP, has to date been largely ignored. We therefore examined the use, opinion, skills, and training in EBP, and barriers and facilitators of EBP uptake, among herbal practitioners in the United States (US)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206834/study-of-the-levels-of-human-human-and-human-animal-empathy-in-veterinary-medical-students-from-chile
#15
Javiera Calderón-Amor, Daniela Luna-Fernández, Tamara Tadich
Social relationships are based on our ability to put ourselves in the place of others, and from there to react appropriately and logically. This empathic ability can be extended to other species, based on the human ability to develop techniques to understand and communicate with animals. In education, the benefits of training professionals with ethical and empathic tools are known. Gender, diet, past experiences, and other factors can modify a person's levels of empathy toward humans and animals, and a relationship exists between both types of empathy...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206830/medical-student-beliefs-about-disclosure-of-mental-health-issues-a-qualitative-study
#16
Peter Winter, Andrew Rix, Andrew Grant
In 2012 the United Kingdom's General Medical Council (GMC) commissioned research to develop guidance for medical schools on how best to support students with mental illness. One of the key findings from medical student focus groups in the study was students' strong belief that medical schools excluded students on mental health grounds. Students believed mental illness was a fitness to practice matter that led to eventual dismissal, although neither personal experience nor empirical evidence supported this belief...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206672/assessment-of-a-novel-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-s-effect-on-competency-measures-in-family-medicine-graduate-medical-education
#17
Paul Bornemann
OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care ultrasound has been shown to decrease the use of expensive diagnostic studies and improve quality outcome measures. Currently, there is a large desire for training in family medicine residencies, but very few programs have established curricula. We sought to develop a family medicine residency curriculum and evaluate it with tools we developed. We wanted our curriculum to be easy to adopt by other residency programs, even if they did not have many well-trained ultrasound faculty...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202496/the-new-medtech-europe-directive-implications-for-educational-activities-in-pathology-and-laboratory-medicine
#18
EDITORIAL
Tahir S Pillay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199052/the-flipped-classroom-approach-stimulating-positive-learning-attitudes-and-improving-mastery-of-histology-among-medical-students
#19
Xin Cheng, Kenneth Ka Ho Lee, Eric Y Chang, Xuesong Yang
Traditional medical education methodologies have been dramatically impacted by the introduction of new teaching approaches over the past few decades. In particular, the "flipped classroom" format has drawn a great deal of attention. However, evidence regarding the effectiveness of the flipped model remains limited due to a lack of outcome-based studies. In the present study, a pilot histology curriculum of the organ systems was implemented among 24 Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) students in a flipped classroom format at Jinan University...
November 4, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198924/the-issue-of-race-in-the-work-of-domingos-guedes-cabral
#20
Juanma Sánchez Arteaga, Ronnie Jorge Tavares de Almeida, Charbel Niño El-Hani
In 1875 Bahia, medicine and evolutionism were used by the physician, journalist, and republican militant Domingos Guedes Cabral as ideological weapons to propose a radical program of social reforms in Brazil in the areas of education, marriage control, medical care to the alienated, changes in the penal system, etc., all of which were based on the scientific knowledge of that time. Among the social ideas of Guedes Cabral, the question of race will be the main focus of this analysis. In this sense, Domingos Guedes Cabral is a particularly significant example for understanding the initial steps in the peculiar alliance between evolutionism, medicine, and scientific racism in Brazil since the 1870s, when Darwinism first arrived in the country...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
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