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Cochrane subfertility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534597/metabolomics-for-improving-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#1
REVIEW
Charalampos S Siristatidis, Eleni Sertedaki, Dennis Vaidakis
BACKGROUND: In order to overcome the low effectiveness of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and the high incidence of multiple births, metabolomics is proposed as a non-invasive method to assess oocyte quality, embryo viability, and endometrial receptivity, and facilitate a targeted subfertility treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of metabolomic assessment of oocyte quality, embryo viability, and endometrial receptivity for improving live birth or ongoing pregnancy rates in women undergoing ART, compared to conventional methods of assessment...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472862/three-dimensional-saline-infusion-sonography-compared-to-two-dimensional-saline-infusion-sonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-focal-intracavitary-lesions
#2
REVIEW
Lotte L Nieuwenhuis, Frederik Jr Hermans, A J Marjolein Bij de Vaate, Mariska Mg Leeflang, Hans Am Brölmann, Wouter Jk Hehenkamp, Ben Willem J Mol, T Justin Clark, Judith Af Huirne
BACKGROUND: Focal abnormalities most commonly acquired within the uterine cavity include endometrial polyps (arising from the endometrium) and submucous fibroids (arising from the myometrium). These benign abnormalities can cause several problems, including abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) and subfertility. Two-dimensional saline infusion sonography (2D SIS) is a minimally invasive test that can be used to diagnose these pathologies, but it is less accurate than hysteroscopy, which is a more invasive procedure by which an endoscope allows direct visualisation of the uterine cavity...
May 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194755/withdrawn-exercise-for-dysmenorrhoea
#3
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Stephen Brown
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhoea is characterised by cramping lower abdominal pain that may radiate to the lower back and upper thighs and is commonly associated with nausea, headache, fatigue and diarrhoea. Physical exercise has been suggested as a non-medical approach to the management of these symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence for the effectiveness of exercise in the treatment of dysmenorrhoea. SEARCH METHODS: A search was conducted using the methodology of the Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group (August 2009)...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118681/metformin-during-ovulation-induction-with-gonadotrophins-followed-by-timed-intercourse-or-intrauterine-insemination-for-subfertility-associated-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
REVIEW
Esmée M Bordewijk, Marleen Nahuis, Michael F Costello, Fulco Van der Veen, Leopoldo O Tso, Ben Willem J Mol, Madelon van Wely
BACKGROUND: Clomiphene citrate (CC) is generally considered first-line treatment in women with anovulation due to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Ovulation induction with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH; gonadotrophins) is second-line treatment for women who do not ovulate or conceive while taking CC. Metformin may increase the effectiveness of ovulation induction with gonadotrophins and may promote safety by preventing multiple pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of metformin co-treatment during ovulation induction with gonadotrophins with respect to rates of live birth and multiple pregnancy in women with PCOS...
January 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111738/interventions-for-the-prevention-of-ohss-in-art-cycles-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#5
REVIEW
Selma Mourad, Julie Brown, Cindy Farquhar
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles is a treatment-induced disease that has an estimated prevalence of 20% to 33% in its mild form and 3% to 8% in its moderate or severe form. These numbers might even be higher for high-risk women such as those with polycystic ovaries or a high oocyte yield from ovum pickup. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this overview is to identify and summarise all evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews on interventions for prevention or treatment of moderate, severe and overall OHSS in couples with subfertility who are undergoing ART cycles...
January 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102546/ataluren-and-similar-compounds-specific-therapies-for-premature-termination-codon-class-i-mutations-for-cystic-fibrosis
#6
REVIEW
Aisha A Aslam, Colin Higgins, Ian P Sinha, Kevin W Southern
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a common life-shortening genetic disorder in the Caucasian population (less common in other ethnic groups) caused by the mutation of a single gene that codes for the production of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein. This protein coordinates the transport of salt (and bicarbonate) across cell surfaces and the mutation most notably affects the airways. In the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis, defective protein results in a dehydrated surface liquid and compromised mucociliary clearance...
January 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093720/septum-resection-for-women-of-reproductive-age-with-a-septate-uterus
#7
REVIEW
Judith Fw Rikken, Claudia R Kowalik, Mark H Emanuel, Ben Willem J Mol, Fulco Van der Veen, Madelon van Wely, Mariëtte Goddijn
BACKGROUND: Women with a septate uterus are at increased risk for subfertility, recurrent miscarriage, and preterm birth. Restoration of the anatomy of the uterus by hysteroscopic septum resection is an established intervention. This treatment has been assessed mainly in retrospective cohort studies, which suggested a positive effect on pregnancy outcomes. The major flaw in these studies is the before/after design, which will always favour the tested intervention. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether hysteroscopic septum resection in women of reproductive age with a septate uterus improves live birth rates and to assess the safety of this procedure...
January 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976369/clomiphene-and-other-antioestrogens-for-ovulation-induction-in-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Cindy Farquhar
BACKGROUND: Subfertility due to anovulation is a common problem in women. First-line oral treatment is with antioestrogens such as clomiphene citrate, but resistance may be apparent with clomiphene. Alternative and adjunctive treatments have been used including tamoxifen, dexamethasone, and bromocriptine. The effectiveness of these is to be determined. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relative effectiveness of antioestrogen agents including clomiphene alone or in combination with other medical therapies in women with subfertility associated with anovulation, possibly caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome...
December 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852101/human-chorionic-gonadotrophin-priming-for-fertility-treatment-with-in-vitro-maturation
#9
REVIEW
Jane Reavey, Katy Vincent, Timothy Child, Ingrid E Granne
BACKGROUND: In vitro maturation (IVM) is a fertility treatment that involves the transvaginal retrieval of immature oocytes, and their subsequent maturation and fertilisation. Although the live birth rate is lower than conventional in vitro fertilisation (IVF) with ovarian stimulation, it is a useful treatment, as it avoids the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Women with polycystic ovaries (PCO) or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are at an increased risk of OHSS. Thus, IVM may be a more useful treatment in this patient group...
November 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731904/chinese-herbal-medicine-for-subfertile-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Kunyan Zhou, Jing Zhang, Liangzhi Xu, Taixiang Wu, Chi Eung Danforn Lim
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common reproductive endocrinology abnormalities, and affects 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age. Western medicines, such as oral contraceptives, insulin sensitizers and laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD), have been used to treat PCOS. Recently, many studies have been published that consider Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) as an alternative treatment for women with PCOS. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of CHM for subfertile women with PCOS...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664205/iui-and-ivf-for-unexplained-subfertility-where-did-we-go-wrong
#11
R I Tjon-Kon-Fat, A J Bensdorp, I Scholten, S Repping, M van Wely, B W J Mol, F van der Veen
IUI is a first-line treatment for couples with unexplained or mild male subfertility and has become one of the most widely used fertility-enhancing treatments. The results of a recent trial comparing IVF to IUI, demonstrating similar live birth rates, have been used to build a case supporting the effectiveness of IUI. Yet, this conclusion might be somewhat premature, as the superiority of neither IUI nor IVF over no treatment has ever been proven. The evidence on the effectiveness and safety of IUI and IVF has been evaluated in two Cochrane reviews which both suggested that there is insufficient evidence to conclude that IUI or IVF is effective compared to sexual intercourse in couples with unexplained subfertility...
December 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622779/there-were-large-discrepancies-in-risk-of-bias-tool-judgments-when-a-randomized-controlled-trial-appeared-in-more-than-one-systematic-review
#12
Vanessa M B Jordan, Sarah F Lensen, Cynthia M Farquhar
OBJECTIVES: To assess the consistency in risk of bias (RoB) judgments across Cochrane reviews for studies appearing in more than one Cochrane review in the field of subfertility. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We retrieved any study that had been used more than once in systematic reviews present on the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews in the area of subfertility. We then retrieved the recorded RoB assessments for these studies and looked at the consistency of judgments made between different authoring teams on the same trials...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393283/laparoscopic-imaging-techniques-in-endometriosis-therapy-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Stijn L Vlek, M C I Lier, M Ankersmit, Johannes C F Ket, J J M L Dekker, V Mijatovic, J B Tuynman
Endometriosis is a common disease associated with pelvic pain and subfertility. Laparoscopic surgical treatment has proven effective in endometriosis, but is hampered by a high rate of recurrence. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the intraoperative identification of endometriosis by enhanced laparoscopic imaging techniques, focusing on sensitivity and specificity. A systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. Published prospective studies reporting on enhanced laparoscopic imaging techniques during endometriosis surgery were included...
September 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296541/endometrial-injury-for-pregnancy-following-sexual-intercourse-or-intrauterine-insemination
#14
REVIEW
Sarah F Lensen, Marlies Manders, Carolina O Nastri, Ahmed Gibreel, Wellington P Martins, Gabriella E Templer, Cindy Farquhar
BACKGROUND: Intentional endometrial injury is currently being proposed as a technique to improve the probability of pregnancy in women undergoing assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Endometrial injury is often performed by pipelle biopsy or a similar technique, and is a common, simple, gynaecological procedure that has an established safety profile. However, it is also known to be associated with a moderate degree of discomfort/pain and requires an additional pelvic examination...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261985/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-gynecology-and-obstetrics-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Nuria Ruffini, Giandomenico D'Alessandro, Lucia Cardinali, Franco Frondaroli, Francesco Cerritelli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the review was to evaluate the effects of the osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) on women with gynaecological and obstetric disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive search from inception to April 2014 was conducted on MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane library using MeSH and free terms. Clinical studies investigating the effect of OMT in gynaecologic and obstetric conditions were included as well as unpublished works. Reviews and personal contributions were excluded...
June 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195724/intrauterine-administration-of-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-hcg-for-subfertile-women-undergoing-assisted-reproduction
#16
REVIEW
Laurentiu Craciunas, Nikolaos Tsampras, Arri Coomarasamy, Nick Raine-Fenning
BACKGROUND: Subfertility affects 15% of couples and represents the inability to conceive naturally following 12 months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Assisted reproduction refers to procedures involving the in vitro handling of both human gametes and represents a key option for many subfertile couples. Most women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment will reach the stage of embryo transfer (ET) but the proportion of embryos that successfully implant following ET has remained small since the mid-1990s...
May 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132058/blood-biomarkers-for-the-non-invasive-diagnosis-of-endometriosis
#17
REVIEW
Vicki Nisenblat, Patrick M M Bossuyt, Rabia Shaikh, Cindy Farquhar, Vanessa Jordan, Carola S Scheffers, Ben Willem J Mol, Neil Johnson, M Louise Hull
BACKGROUND: About 10% of reproductive-aged women suffer from endometriosis, a costly chronic disease causing pelvic pain and subfertility. Laparoscopy is the gold standard diagnostic test for endometriosis, but is expensive and carries surgical risks. Currently, there are no non-invasive or minimally invasive tests available in clinical practice to accurately diagnose endometriosis. Although other reviews have assessed the ability of blood tests to diagnose endometriosis, this is the first review to use Cochrane methods, providing an update on the rapidly expanding literature in this field...
May 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126581/gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone-antagonists-for-assisted-reproductive-technology
#18
REVIEW
Hesham G Al-Inany, Mohamed A Youssef, Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke, Julie Brown, Wai Sun Lam, Frank J Broekmans
BACKGROUND: Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists can be used to prevent a luteinizing hormone (LH) surge during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) without the hypo-oestrogenic side-effects, flare-up, or long down-regulation period associated with agonists. The antagonists directly and rapidly inhibit gonadotrophin release within several hours through competitive binding to pituitary GnRH receptors. This property allows their use at any time during the follicular phase...
April 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106604/recombinant-versus-urinary-human-chorionic-gonadotrophin-for-final-oocyte-maturation-triggering-in-ivf-and-icsi-cycles
#19
REVIEW
Mohamed A Youssef, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Wai Sun Lam
BACKGROUND: For the last few decades urinary human chorionic gonadotrophin (uhCG) has been used to trigger final oocyte maturation in cycles of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Recombinant technology has allowed the production of two drugs, recombinant human chorionic gonadotrophin (rhCG) and recombinant luteinising hormone (rLH), that can be used for the same purpose, to mimic the endogenous luteinising hormone (LH) surge. This allows commercial manufacturers to adjust production according to market requirements and to remove all urinary contaminants, facilitating the safe subcutaneous administration of a compound with less batch-to-batch variation...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094925/endometrial-biomarkers-for-the-non-invasive-diagnosis-of-endometriosis
#20
REVIEW
Devashana Gupta, M Louise Hull, Ian Fraser, Laura Miller, Patrick M M Bossuyt, Neil Johnson, Vicki Nisenblat
BACKGROUND: About 10% of reproductive-aged women suffer from endometriosis, which is a costly, chronic disease that causes pelvic pain and subfertility. Laparoscopy is the gold standard diagnostic test for endometriosis, but it is expensive and carries surgical risks. Currently, there are no non-invasive tests available in clinical practice that accurately diagnose endometriosis. This is the first diagnostic test accuracy review of endometrial biomarkers for endometriosis that utilises Cochrane methodologies, providing an update on the rapidly expanding literature in this field...
April 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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