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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823123/carcass-characteristics-of-lambs-fed-spineless-cactus-as-a-replacement-for-sugarcane
#1
Juliana Paula Felipe de Oliveira, Marcelo de Andrade Ferreira, Adryanne Marjorie Souza Vitor Alves, Ana Caroline Cerqueira de Melo, Ida Barbosa de Andrade, Stela Antas Urbano, Juraci Marcos Alves Suassuna, Leonardo José Assis de Barros, Tobias Tobit de Barros Melo
Objective: The fresh sugarcane has been a new roughage source for ruminant's in semiarid region, in function of the decadence of sugar and alcohol industry in the last years. However, the date published for lambs fed sugarcane associated with spineless cactus is scared. This study evaluated the effect of sugarcane replacement with spineless cactus (0, 33, 66, and 100%) in the diet of Santa Inês lambs on carcass characteristics. Methods: Thirty-six non-castrated Santa Ines lambs at four months of age and an initial body weight of 22 ± 2...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821313/the-influence-of-the-position-of-palmitate-in-infant-formula-triacylglycerols-on-health-outcomes
#2
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Miles, Philip C Calder
The purpose of this review is to discuss recent studies reporting on the influence of the position of palmitic acid in triacylglycerols in infant formula and relevant animal studies. Earlier experiments in rodents show that a diet with a higher proportion of palmitate at the sn-2 position of triacylglycerols improves dietary fat and calcium absorption compared with a diet with a lower sn-2 palmitate content. A high-sn-2 palmitate diet increased fecal short-chain fatty acids, reduced gut inflammation in a colitis model, and altered tissue endocannabinoid concentrations in laboratory rodents...
August 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806296/the-risk-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-differs-among-preterm-pigs-fed-formulas-with-either-lactose-or-maltodextrin
#3
Randal K Buddington, Samantha L Davis, Karyl K Buddington
OBJECTIVES: When breast milk is unavailable for preterm infants, formulas are needed that won't increase the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Adding novel ingredients to formula to reduce NEC has not been effective clinically. Instead, we tested the prediction that NEC can be reduced by removing the maltodextrin now included in preterm formulas. METHODS: The preterm pig model of spontaneous NEC was used to evaluate growth, health, and intestinal responses to 6-7 days of feeding formulas that were identical except for the source of carbohydrate; either 100% lactose or maltodextrin; colostrum was used as the control...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789730/iodine-status-of-postpartum-women-and-their-infants-in-australia-after-the-introduction-of-mandatory-iodine-fortification
#4
Dao Huynh, Dominique Condo, Robert Gibson, Beverly Muhlhausler, Philip Ryan, Sheila Skeaff, Maria Makrides, Shao J Zhou
Mandatory I fortification in bread was introduced in Australia in 2009 in response to the re-emergence of biochemical I deficiency based on median urinary I concentration (UIC)<100 µg/l. Data on the I status of lactating mothers and their infants in Australia are scarce. The primary aim of this study was to assess the I status, determined by UIC and breast milk I concentration (BMIC), of breast-feeding mothers in South Australia and UIC of their infants. The secondary aim was to assess the relationship between the I status of mothers and their infants...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789728/circadian-feeding-patterns-of-12-month-old-infants
#5
Poh Hui Wee, See Ling Loy, Jia Ying Toh, Elaine Kwang Hsia Tham, Yin Bun Cheung, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Seang Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Ngee Lek, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Daniel Yam Thiam Goh, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Fabian Yap
Early life nutrition and feeding practices are important modifiable determinants of subsequent obesity, yet little is known about the circadian feeding pattern of 12-month-old infants. We aimed to describe the 24-h feeding patterns of 12-month-old infants and examine their associations with maternal and infant characteristics. Mothers from a prospective birth cohort study (n 431) reported dietary intakes of their 12-month-old infants and respective feeding times using 24-h dietary recall. Based on their feeding times, infants were classified into post-midnight (00...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789713/vitamin-d-supplementation-and-vitamin-d-status-in-children-of-immigrant-background-in-norway
#6
Ahmed A Madar, Thomas E Gundersen, Anne M Haug, Haakon E Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Sufficient vitamin D status during infancy is important for child health and development. Several initiatives for improving vitamin D status among immigrant children have been implemented in Norway. The present study aimed to evaluate the vitamin D status and its determinants in children of immigrant background in Oslo. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Child health clinics in Oslo. SUBJECTS: Healthy children with immigrant background (n 102) aged 9-16 months were recruited at the routine one-year check-up from two child health clinics with high proportions of immigrant clients...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777736/a-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-human-breast-milk-on-urinary-metabolome-analysis-in-infants
#7
Hiromichi Shoji, Hikari Taka, Naoko Kaga, Naho Ikeda, Tomohiro Kitamura, Yoshiki Miura, Toshiaki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the nutritional effect of breast feeding on healthy term infants by using urinary metabolome analysis. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from 19 and 14 infants at 1 and 6 months, respectively. Infants were separated into two groups: the breast-fed group receiving <540 mL/week of their intake from formula (n=13 at 1 month; n=9 at 6 months); and the formula-fed group receiving no breast milk (BM) (n=6 at 1 month; n=5 at 6 months)...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777295/soymilk-improves-muscle-weakness-in-young-ovariectomized-female-mice
#8
Yuriko Kitajima, Shizuka Ogawa, Shintaro Egusa, Yusuke Ono
Estrogens play a key role in an extensive range of physiological functions in various types of tissues throughout the body in females. We previously showed that estrogen insufficiency caused muscle weakness that could be rescued by estrogen administration in a young female ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model. However, long-term estrogen replacement therapy increases risks of breast cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Soymilk contains plant-based protein and isoflavones that exert estrogen-like activity. Here we examined the effects of prolonged soymilk intake on muscle and its resident stem cells, called satellite cells, in the estrogen-insufficient model...
August 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777016/threonine-supplementation-reduces-dietary-protein-and-improves-lipid-metabolism-in-pekin-ducks
#9
Y Jiang, J Tang, M Xie, Z G Wen, S Y Qiao, S-S Hou
1. This study was conducted to investigate the efficiency of threonine (Thr) supplementation on reducing dietary crude protein (CP) content and the effects of Thr on lipid metabolism in Pekin ducks. The effects of dietary CP concentration (160, 190, and 220 g/kg) and Thr supplemental concentration (0, 0.7, 1.4, 2.1, and 2.8 g/kg) on growth performance, carcass, liver lipid, and plasma profiles was determined in Pekin ducks from 1-21 d of age. 2. A total of 720 day-old male Pekin ducks were randomly allotted to 1 of 15 dietary treatments with 6 replicate cages of 8 birds per cage for each treatment according to average body weight...
August 4, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768563/infant-feeding-decisions-and-behaviours-among-low-income-smoke-exposed-women-timing-and-change-during-pregnancy
#10
Patricia Markham Risica, Kristen McCausland
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to describe change in feeding intentions and predictors of breast-feeding intentions during the course of pregnancy. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data from a larger randomized controlled trial of a health education intervention to reduce environmental smoke exposure among women during and after pregnancy. SETTING: Participants were recruited from prenatal clinics, but all further communication occurred with participating women living in the community...
August 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766520/-the-peculiarities-of-the-relationship-between-the-effector-cells-of-the-local-immune-system-in-the-broncho-vascular-barrier-of-the-breast-fed-infants-presenting-with-certain-acute-respiratory-viral-infections
#11
O D Yagmurov, S N Litus
The acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) are ranked among the most widespread diseases affecting the children in the early infancy. They account for 60 to 85.4% of all infections recorded in the young children. AIM: The objective of the present study was to elucidate the peculiar features of the accumulation of the effector cells of the local immunity system and intercellular interplay in the broncho-vascular barrier of the breast-fed infants presenting with various ARVIs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We undertook the analysis of 32 cases of infections caused by influenza A and B viruses and of the adenovirus infection verified by the immunofluorescence assay...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754184/malocclusions-in-young-children-does-breast-feeding-really-reduce-the-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Esma J Doğramacı, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Craig W Dreyer
BACKGROUND: Researchers have purported that breast-feeding can decrease the risk of malocclusions. The authors studied the relationship of breast-feeding on malocclusions in young children by means of conducting a systematic review of association (etiology). TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors used a 3-step search strategy, including electronic searches. They considered studies whose investigators included healthy children with primary dentition with a history of breast-feeding and in which the study investigators had assessed specific malocclusion outcomes to be eligible for inclusion in this review...
August 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750038/low-calcium-diet-increases-4t1-mammary-tumor-carcinoma-cell-burden-and-bone-pathology-in-mice
#13
Wendan Wang, Jody L Gordon, Kenneth A Philbrick, Xujuan Yang, Adam J Branscum, Christiane V Löhr, Wanda M Haschek, Russell T Turner, Urszula T Iwaniec, William G Helferich
Breast cancer metastasizes to bone in the majority of patients with advanced disease. We investigated the effects of inadequate dietary calcium (Ca) on bone turnover, tumor growth, and bone response to tumor in tibia inoculated with 4T1 mammary carcinoma cells. Nine-month-old female Balb/c mice were placed on an adequate Ca (5 g/kg diet, n = 30) or low Ca (80 mg/kg diet, n = 31) diet for 14 days, then injected intratibially with 1,000 4T1 cells (transfected with luciferase for bioluminescence imaging), and sacrificed at 5, 10, or 21 days post-inoculation (n = 7-10 mice/group)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749825/a-fortified-donor-milk-policy-is-associated-with-improved-in-hospital-head-growth-and-weight-gain-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#14
Gemma Ginovart, Ignasi Gich, Antonio Gutiérrez, Sergio Verd
BACKGROUND: Previous research has reported that infants fed donor milk grow slower than those fed formula. However, most of the trials used unfortified donor milk, which limits the ability to generalize the results to current clinical practice. PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of early human milk feeding (donor milk and/or mother's own milk) with standard fortification on in-hospital growth of very low-birth-weight infants. METHODS: This pre-/postretrospective study included selected newborn infants less than 1500 g admitted to a level IV neonatal intensive care unit before and after the introduction of a policy providing donor milk when mother's own milk was not available in sufficient quantity to meet her infant's need...
August 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748079/oxidative-stability-of-chilled-broiler-breast-meat-as-affected-by%C3%A2-dietary-supplementation-with-rosemary-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-powder-and-vitamin-e
#15
Hossein Rostami, Alireza Seidavi, Mohammad Dadashbeiki, Yadollah Asadpour, João Simões, Vito Laudadio, Chrysostomos Milis, Vincenzo Tufarelli
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) powder and vitamin E, as feed additives combined at different levels, on oxidative stability of broiler meat up to 14th day after chilling. A total of 270 1-day-old male chicks of Ross 308 strain were randomly assigned to nine dietary groups with three replicates having 10 birds each. Diets were supplemented with 0, 0.5, or 1.0% of rosemary (R) powder and 0, 100, or 200 mg/kg of vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol acetate; VitE) according to the following treatments: T1 - control basal diet (0R + 0VitE); T2 - 0R + 100VitE; T3 - 0R + 200VitE; T4 - 0...
July 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746325/effect-of-maternal-socio-demographic-factors-and-child-feeding-practice-on-wasting-among-under-five-years-children-in-slum-area-of-rupandehi-district-in-nepal
#16
S Gautam, S Ruchal, B Timalsina, D Acharya, B Khadka, V Gautam, J K Singh
INTRODUCTION: Childhood wasting although well studied elsewhere, it has not been well understood about in slum area of Nepal. This study aimed to assess effect of socio-demographic factors and child feeding practice in the determination of wasting among the children under five years of age in slum area of Nepal. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was performed among 150 children under five years of age from the slum area of Nepal between 1st January and 28th February 2013 using simple random sampling techniques...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744259/development-of-human-breast-milk-microbiota-associated-mice-as-a-method-to-identify-breast-milk-bacteria-capable-of-colonizing-gut
#17
Xiaoxin Wang, Huifang Lu, Zhou Feng, Jie Cao, Chao Fang, Xianming Xu, Liping Zhao, Jian Shen
Human breast milk is recognized as one of multiple important sources of commensal bacteria for infant gut. Previous studies searched for the bacterial strains shared between breast milk and infant feces by isolating bacteria and performing strain-level bacterial genotyping, but only limited number of milk bacteria were identified to colonize infant gut, including bacteria from Bifidobacterium, Staphylococcus, Lactobacillus, and Escherichia/Shigella. Here, to identify the breast milk bacteria capable of colonizing gut without the interference of bacteria of origins other than the milk or the necessity to analyze infant feces, normal chow-fed germ-free mice were orally inoculated with the breast milk collected from a mother 2 days after vaginal delivery...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737571/breast-feeding-and-infant-hospitalization-for-infections-large-cohort-and-sibling-analysis
#18
Ketil Størdal, Karen M Lundeby, Anne L Brantsæter, Margaretha Haugen, Britt Nakstad, Nicolai A Lund-Blix, Lars C Stene
OBJECTIVES: Breast-feeding may protect against infections, but its optimal duration remains controversial. We aimed to study the association of the duration of full and any breast-feeding with infections the first 18 months of life. METHODS: The Norwegian Mother and Child study (MoBa) is a prospective birth cohort which recruited expecting mothers giving birth from 2000 to 2009. We analyzed data from the full cohort (n = 70,511) and sibling sets (n = 21,220) with parental report of breast-feeding and infections...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737427/the-effect-of-different-dietary-levels-of-dl-methionine-and-dl-methionine-hydroxy-analogue-on-the-antioxidant-and-immune-status-of-young-turkeys
#19
Zenon Zduńczyk, Jan Jankowski, Magdalena Kubińska, Katarzyna Ognik, Anna Czech, Jerzy Juśkiewicz
The hypothesis postulating that the antioxidant and immunological effects of dietary methionine (Met) in young turkeys (1-8 weeks of age) can be differentiated by level and source of Met was investigated in this study. A total of 544 female Hybrid Converter turkeys were divided into four groups and fed diets in which Met content was tailored through supplementation with dl-methionine (dl-Met) or dl-methionine hydroxy analogue (MHA) to levels recommended by NRC (1994) (Groups dl-MetL and MHAL) and exceeding them by 50% (Groups dl-MetH and MHAH)...
July 24, 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735587/black-soldier-fly-as-dietary-protein-source-for-broiler-quails-meat-proximate-composition-fatty-acid-and-amino-acid-profile-oxidative-status-and-sensory-traits
#20
M Cullere, G Tasoniero, V Giaccone, G Acuti, A Marangon, A Dalle Zotte
In the perspective of improving the sustainability of meat production, insects have been rapidly emerging as innovative feed ingredient for some livestock species, including poultry. However, at present, there is still limited knowledge regarding the quality and sensory traits of the derived meat. Therefore, the present study tested the effect of a partial substitution of soya bean meal and oil with defatted black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae meal (H) in the diet for growing broiler quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) on meat proximate composition, cholesterol, amino acid and mineral contents, fatty acid profile, oxidative status and sensory characteristics...
July 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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