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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532196/fetal-and-neonatal-involvement-in-maternal-rheumatologic-disease
#1
Shigeo Iijima
A pregnancy complicated with rheumatologic diseases can have various influences on the fetus and/or neonate. Maternal systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may cause preterm and/or small for gestational age (SGA) delivery and neonatal lupus (NL). Some neonates with NL have congenital heart block (CHB) with increased morbidity and mortality, even requiring pacemakers. Antiphospholipid syndrome may occur with SLE and affect fetal and/or neonatal outcomes. Pregnancy involving primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) tends to result in preterm delivery and low birthweight infants...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531098/increase-in-weight-in-low-birth-weight-and-very-low-birth-weight-infants-fed-fortified-breast-milk-versus-formula-milk-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Pui Hing Chau, Heidi Sze Lok Fan, Kam Ming Chan, Bill H Chan, Genevieve P C Fung, Marie Tarrant
There has been a dramatic rise in preterm births in developed countries owing to changes in clinical practices and greater use of assisted reproductive techniques. However, few studies have examined the growth and outcomes of preterm infants according to the type of feeding (with fortified breast milk or formula). The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of breast milk feedings and formula on the growth and short-term outcomes of preterm infants in Hong Kong. In a single-center retrospective cohort study, we included 642 preterm infants at gestational age <37 weeks with birth weights <2200 g...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521318/breastfeeding-childhood-asthma-and-allergic-disease
#3
Wendy H Oddy
The worldwide prevalence of childhood asthma has been increasing considerably, and the protection afforded by breastfeeding in its development has been the subject of controversy for more than 80 years. Previous systematic reviews have generally found a protective effect of breastfeeding on allergic outcomes, although many studies have methodological limitations. Although breastfeeding is protective against lower respiratory tract infection during infancy, such protection has not been demonstrated for asthma in all studies...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516388/effects-of-different-selenium-sources-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-capacity-and-meat-quality-of-local-chinese-subei-chickens
#4
J L Li, L Zhang, Z Y Yang, Z Y Zhang, Y Jiang, F Gao, G H Zhou
Despite increasing evidence indicating the essential involvement of selenium (Se) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and meat quality of commercial broilers, the effects of different Se sources on local Chinese Subei chickens is unclear. A total of 360 50-day-old male chickens were individually weighed and randomly allocated to four treatment groups. Chickens in each of the four groups were fed diets supplemented with 0.3 mg Se/kg as sodium Se (SS), Se-enriched yeast (SY), selenomethionine (Met-Se), or nano red element Se (Nano-Se) for 40 days...
May 17, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513265/perturbing-status-of-vitamin-b12-in-indian-infants-and-their-mothers
#5
Medha Mittal, Vijayashri Bansal, Rahul Jain, Pradeep Kumar Dabla
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency in early life can adversely affect the growth of developing brain with myriad of neurodevelopmental manifestations. At this age, the deficiency is usually the result of low maternal levels. OBJECTIVES: To assess the vitamin B12 status of healthy exclusively breast-fed Indian infants aged 1 to 6 months and their mothers. METHODS: One hundred term exclusively breast-fed infants aged 1 to 6 months attending pediatric outpatient department were recruited...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512033/bifidobacterium-cect-7765-modulates-early-stress-induced-immune-neuroendocrine-and-behavioral-alterations-in-mice
#6
A Moya-Pérez, A Perez-Villalba, A Benítez-Páez, I Campillo, Y Sanz
Emerging evidence suggests that there is a window of opportunity within the early developmental period, when microbiota-based interventions could play a major role in modulating the gut-brain axis and, thereby, in preventing mood disorders. This study aims at evaluating the effects and mode of action of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum CECT 7765 in a murine model of chronic stress induced by maternal separation (MS). C57Bl/6J male breast-fed pups were divided into four groups, which were subjected or not to MS and supplemented with placebo or B...
May 13, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507408/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-fermented-fish-silage-on-serum-biochemical-parameters-of-broiler-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#7
Sasmita Panda, Laxman Kumar Babu, Arun Kumar Panda, Tanuja S, Anurag Mohanty, Kuldeep Kumar Panigrahy, Pinaki Samal
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented fish silage (FFS) on serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192, 7-day-old broiler Japanese quail chicks of either sex, were randomly distributed into four dietary treatments with four replicates in each group having 12 chicks in each replicate pen. The dietary treatments were T1 - Control diet, T2 - Diet containing 5% FFS, T3 - Diet containing 10% FFS, and T4 - Diet containing 15% FFS...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507406/evaluation-of-different-agroindustrial-waste-on-the-effect-of-different-carcass-characteristics-and-physiological-and-biochemical-parameters-in-broilers-chicken
#8
Y Sánchez-Roque, Y D C Pérez-Luna, E Pérez-Luna, R Berrones Hernández, S Saldaña-Trinidad
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the physiological and biochemical effect in chickens of the Ross breed of a food enriched with agroindustrial waste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The food is one of the main components of the total cost for the production of chickens. Rations should be formulated to provide the correct balance of energy, protein, amino acids, minerals, vitamins and essential fatty acids, to allow optimal growth and performance. This study was intended to evaluate a natural feed for chicken, made from corn, yucca meal, eggshells, orange peel, soybean meal, salt and garlic, enriched with agroindustrial waste (molasses, milk whey and ferment of coffee)...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504574/gut-dysbiosis-following-c-section-instigates-higher-colonisation-of-toxigenic-clostridium-perfringens-in-infants
#9
R Nagpal, H Tsuji, T Takahashi, K Nomoto, K Kawashima, S Nagata, Y Yamashiro
Herein we investigated the intestinal carriage of α-toxigenic and enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens during infancy, focusing on its association with other gut microbes and mode of delivery and feeding. Faecal samples from 89 healthy term infants were collected at age 7 days, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 3 years. C. perfringens was quantified by qPCR; other gut bacteria were quantified by reverse-transcription-qPCR. Alpha-toxigenic C. perfringens was detected in 3.4% infants at day 7 but was present in 35-40% infants at subsequent time-points, with counts ranging from 10(3)-10(7) cells/g faeces...
May 15, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502695/selective-activation-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-activation-function-1-is-sufficient-to-prevent-obesity-steatosis-and-insulin-resistance-in-mouse
#10
Maeva Guillaume, Sandra Handgraaf, Aurélie Fabre, Isabelle Raymond-Letron, Elodie Riant, Alexandra Montagner, Alexia Vinel, Melissa Buscato, Natalia Smirnova, Coralie Fontaine, Hervé Guillou, Jean-François Arnal, Pierre Gourdy
Estrogen receptor α (ERα) regulates gene transcription through two activation functions (ERα-AF1 and ERα-AF2). We recently found that the protection conferred by 17β-estradiol against obesity and insulin resistance requires ERα-AF2 but not ERα-AF1. However, the interplay between the two ERα-AFs is poorly understood in vivo and the metabolic influence of a specific ERα-AF1 action remains to be explored. To this end, wild-type, ERα-deficient, or ERα-AF1-deficient ovariectomized female mice were fed a high-fat diet and concomitantly administered with vehicle or tamoxifen, a selective ER modulator that acts as a ERα-AF1 agonist/ERα-AF2 antagonist...
June 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497348/evaluation-of-dietary-palygorskite-supplementation-on-growth-performance-mineral-accumulations-antioxidant-capacities-and-meat-quality-of-broilers-fed-lead-contaminated-diet
#11
Y F Cheng, Y P Chen, C Wen, W B Wang, A Q Wang, Y M Zhou
The objective of this study was to evaluate influence of dietary palygorskite (Pal) supplementation on growth performance, mineral accumulations in the tissues (livers, kidneys, and muscles), antioxidant capacities, and meat quality of broilers fed lead (Pb)-contaminated diet. One-hundred forty-four male broiler chicks were randomly divided into three treatment groups, receiving a corn-soybean meal basal diet (the control group), the basal diet contaminated with 10 mg/kg Pb (the Pb group), and the basal diet with 10-g/kg Pal supplementation and 10-mg/kg Pb contamination (the Pal/Pb group) from 1 to 42 days of age, respectively...
May 12, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490053/prebiotic-effect-of-xylooligosaccharides-produced-from-birchwood-xylan-by-a-novel-fungal-gh11-xylanase
#12
Manuel Nieto-Domínguez, Laura I de Eugenio, María J York-Durán, Barbara Rodríguez-Colinas, Francisco J Plou, Empar Chenoll, Ester Pardo, Francisco Codoñer, María Jesús Martínez
A fungal endoxylanase belonging to the glycoside hydrolase gene family 11 (GH11) was obtained from the ascomycete Talaromyces amestolkiae. The enzyme was purified, characterized and used to produce a mixture of xylooligosaccharides (XOS) from birchwood xylan. A notable yield of neutral XOS was obtained (28.8%) upon enzyme treatment and the mixture contained a negligible amount of xylose, having xylobiose, xylotriose and xylotetraose as its main components. The prebiotic potential of this mixture was demonstrated upon analyzing the variations in microorganisms' composition and organic acids profile in breast-fed child faeces fermentations...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464736/incorporation-of-relative-biological-effectiveness-uncertainties-into-proton-plan-robustness-evaluation
#13
Jakob Ödén, Kjell Eriksson, Iuliana Toma-Dasu
BACKGROUND: The constant relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of 1.1 is typically assumed in proton therapy. This study presents a method of incorporating the variable RBE and its uncertainties into the proton plan robustness evaluation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The robustness evaluation was split into two parts. In part one, the worst-case physical dose was estimated using setup and range errors, including the fractionation dependence. The results were fed into part two, in which the worst-case RBE-weighted doses were estimated using a Monte Carlo method for sampling the input parameters of the chosen RBE model...
June 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464176/breast-feeding-leptin-adiponectin-ratio-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#14
Nicole L Mihalopoulos, Brittney M Urban, Julie M Metos, Alfred H Balch, Paul C Young, Kristine C Jordan
OBJECTIVES: Increased adiposity increases leptin and decreases adiponectin concentrations, resulting in an increased leptin:adiponectin ratio (LAR). In adults, components of the metabolic syndrome and other cardiometabolic risk factors, what we classify here as "metabolic dysfunction," are associated with both a high LAR and a history of being breast-fed. The relation among breast-feeding, LAR, and degree of metabolic dysfunction in obese youth is unknown. The purpose of our pilot study was to explore this relation and estimate the effect size of the relations to determine the sample size needed to power future prospective studies...
May 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462729/nutritional-aspects-of-commercially-prepared-infant-foods-in-developed-countries-a-narrative-review
#15
Kate Maslin, Carina Venter
Nutritional intake during infancy is a critical aspect of child development and health that is of significant public health concern. Although there is extensive research on breast-feeding and timing of solid food introduction, there is less evidence on types of solid foods fed to infants, specifically commercially prepared infant foods. The consumption of commercially prepared infant foods is very prevalent in many developed countries, exceeding the consumption of homemade foods in some situations. Although these food products may have practical advantages, there are concerns about their nutritional composition, sweet taste, bioavailability of micronutrients, diversity of ingredients and long-term health effects...
May 2, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458452/a-high-fat-diet-increases-the-incidence-of-mammary-cancer-inc-ha-ras-proto-oncogene-transgenic-rats
#16
Mie Magaki, Hiroko Ishii, Aya Yamasaki, Yurika Kitai, Saeda Kametani, Reiko Nakai, Alexander Dabid, Hiroyuki Tsuda, Takamasa Ohnishi
Mammary cancer is the most common type of cancer and the fifth most common cause of cancer-related deaths among Japanese women. The recent sharp increase in the number of women diagnosed with mammary cancer per year is thought to be associated with increased fat intake resulting from changes in the dietary habits of contemporary Japanese citizens. In this study, human c-Ha-ras proto-oncogene transgenic (Hras128) rats, which are highly susceptible to mammary carcinogens, were fed high- or low-fat diets to examine the relationship between fat consumption and the development of mammary cancer...
April 2017: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455873/exogenous-protease-supplementation-of-poultry-by-product-meal-based-diets-for-broilers-effects-on-growth-carcass-characteristics-and-nutrient-digestibility
#17
T Mahmood, M A Mirza, H Nawaz, M Shahid
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of three levels (0%, 3% and 6%) of poultry by-product meal (PBM) with or without protease on broiler growth, carcass characteristics and nutrient digestibility from 1 to 35 days. Two hundred and forty birds (n = 240) were fed equi-caloric and equi-nitrogenous (ME 2850 kcal/kg; CP 20%) diets throughout the experiment. The enzyme supplementation increased feed intake (p < .01) and body weight gain (p < .01), but feed:gain remained unaffected (p > ...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444789/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-hemp-seed-cannabis-sativa-l-on-meat-quality-and-egg-fatty-acid-composition-of-japanese-quail-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#18
H Yalcin, Y Konca, F Durmuscelebi
This study was conducted in two separate experiments. Experiment I was conducted to investigate the effects of hemp seed (HS) on meat quality traits, and experiment II was designed to determine egg fatty acid (FA) composition in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). In experiment I and experiment II treatments, groups were as follows: (i) control (not included HS0), (ii) 5% HS inclusion to diets, (iii) 10% HS inclusion to diets and (iv) 20% HS inclusion to diets. In experiment I, a total of 192 7-day-old-quail were fed with HS diets for 5 weeks, and end of the experiment I, a total of 64 quail (16 each) slaughtered and meat samples were analysed for meat colour, pH, cooking and thawing loss and FA composition...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431158/effects-of-supplementation-level-and-feeding-schedule-of-butyrate-glycerides-on-the-growth-performance-and-carcass-composition-of-broiler-chickens
#19
A Bedford, H Yu, E J Squires, S Leeson, J Gong
Mixed mono- and tributyrate glycerides have been used for effective delivery of butyrate to the gut to benefit broilers. However, limited information is available on the efficacy of butyrate glycerides individually and in combination with different levels and feeding schedules. The present study has first investigated the effects of monobutyrin at inclusion levels of zero, 500, 1,000, 2,000, and 3,000 ppm on the performance of broilers, and second, the effects of its combination with tributyrin. In the monobutyrin trial, there were no overall significant differences in average daily gain or feed efficiency...
April 20, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428026/dietary-cyanidin-3-glucoside-from-purple-corn-ameliorates-doxorubicin-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-mice
#20
K Petroni, M Trinei, M Fornari, V Calvenzani, A Marinelli, L A Micheli, R Pilu, A Matros, H-P Mock, C Tonelli, M Giorgio
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anthracyclines are effective anticancer drugs that have improved prognosis of hundred thousand cancer patients worldwide and are currently the most common chemotherapeutic agents used for the treatment of blood, breast, ovarian and lung cancers. However, their use is limited because of a cumulative dose-dependent and irreversible cardiotoxicity that can cause progressive cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure. Aim of the present study was to determine the cardioprotective activity of a dietary source of cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G), such as purple corn, against doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity in mice...
February 21, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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