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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218131/hypocalcemia-associated-with-subcutaneous-fat-necrosis-of-the-newborn-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Alphonsus N Onyiriuka, Theodora E Utomi
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SCFNN) is a rare benign inflammatory disorder of the adipose tissue but may be complicated by hypercalcemia or less frequently, hypocalcemia, resulting in morbidity and mortality. Here we report the case of a neonate with subcutaneous fat necrosis who surprisingly developed hypocalcemia instead of hypercalcemia. A full-term female neonate was delivered by emergency cesarean section for fetal distress and was subsequently admitted to the Special Care Baby Unit. The mother's pregnancy was uncomplicated up to delivery...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214857/feeding-time-can-alleviate-negative-effects-of-heat-stress-on-performance-meat-quality-and-health-status-of-turkey
#2
M F A Farghly, M Alagawany, M E Abd El-Hack
1. A total of 180 one-day-old chickens were randomly assigned to 6 equal groups to investigate the effect of feeding time on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, leg problems and physiological responses of growing turkeys under the high temperature conditions of summer. 2. Birds of the first group were ad libitum fed and were considered as the controls (C). The second group (T1) was given 80% of diet in the morning and 20% of diet in the afternoon, The third group (T2) was given 60% of diet in the morning and 40% of diet in the afternoon, The fourth group (T3) was given 40% of diet in the morning and 60% of diet in the afternoon, The fifth group (T4) was given 20% of diet in the morning and 80% of diet in the afternoon and the sixth group (T5) was given 100% of diet in the afternoon...
December 7, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214706/growth-performance-carcass-traits-and-meat-quality-of-yellow-feathered-broilers-fed-graded-levels-of-alfalfa-meal-with-or-without-wheat
#3
Shouqun Jiang, Zhongyong Gou, Long Li, Xiajing Lin, Zongyong Jiang
The effects of 0, 40 and 80 g/kg alfalfa meal on growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality of Chinese yellow-feathered broilers fed diets containing or lacking wheat (0 or 200 g/kg) as part of the energy source, were examined using random design with a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Dressing percentage and semi-eviscerated proportion were lower, and meat color a* (redness) value was higher in birds fed diets containing wheat than diets lacking wheat (P < 0.05). Drip loss was reduced by the addition of alfalfa meal to diets containing or lacking wheat (P < 0...
December 7, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212851/omics-of-bifidobacteria-research-and-insights-into-their-health-promoting-activities
#4
REVIEW
Francesca Bottacini, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura
Members of the genus Bifidobacterium include gut commensals that are particularly abundant among the microbial communities residing in the gut of healthy breast-fed infants, where their presence has been linked to many beneficial host effects. Next-generation DNA sequencing and comparative and functional genome methodologies have been shown to be particularly useful in exploring the diversity of this genus. These combined approaches have allowed the identification of genetic features related to bifidobacterial establishment in the gut, involving host-microbe as well as microbe-microbe interactions...
December 6, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212325/chronic-heat-stress-impairs-meat-quality-of-breast-muscle-in-broilers-through-affecting-redox-status-and-energy-substances-metabolism
#5
Zhuang Lu, Xiaofang He, Bingbing Ma, Lin Zhang, Jiaolong Li, Yun Jiang, Guanghong Zhou, Feng Gao
We investigated the molecular mechanisms of chronic heat stress impairing broilers breast meat quality. Broilers were assigned to three groups including normal control (NC) group, heat stress (HS) group and pair-fed (PF) group. After 7d of heat exposure (32°C), high temperature caused oxidative stress, and elevated the activity of citrate synthase (CS), mRNA expression of M-CPT1, and phosphorylation level of AMPKα, and reduced the mRNA expression of avUCP. After 14d of heat exposure, heat stress increased lightness and drip loss and decreased pH and shear force of breast meat...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200002/metformin-and-melatonin-inhibit-dmba-induced-mammary-tumorigenesis-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#6
Bianka Bojková, Karol Kajo, Terézia Kisková, Peter Kubatka, Pavol Žúbor, Peter Solár, Martin Péč, Marián Adamkov
The data from in-vitro and in-vivo studies show that both peroral antidiabetic metformin (MF) and pineal hormone melatonin (MT) inhibit the growth of many cancers, including breast cancer. However, most in-vivo studies used standard-type diet with low fat content. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the chemopreventive effect of MF and MT in an in-vivo model of breast cancer in rats on a high-fat diet (10% of total fat). Mammary carcinogenesis was induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) in female Sprague-Dawley rats...
December 1, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190764/selenium-requirements-based-on-muscle-and-kidney-selenoprotein-enzyme-activity-and-transcript-expression-in-the-turkey-poult-meleagris-gallopavo
#7
Rachel M Taylor, Roger A Sunde
The current NRC selenium (Se) requirement for turkeys is 0.2 μg Se/g diet. We previously fed turkey poults a Se-deficient diet (0.005 μg Se/g) supplemented with 10 graded levels of Se (0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 μg Se/g as Na2SeO3, 5/treatment) for 4 wk, and found that the minimum dietary Se requirement was 0.3 μg Se/g based on selenoprotein enzyme activity in blood, liver, gizzard and pancreas. Because the turkey is primarily a production animal, we expanded this analysis to kidney, heart, breast and thigh...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187144/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-its-associations-among-adolescents-in-an-urban-sri-lankan-community
#8
Shaman Rajindrajith, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, Chamilka Jayasinghe, Dulani Kottahachchi, Anuradhani Kasturiratne, Shamila T de Silva, Madunil A Niriella, Anuradha S Dassanayake, Arjuna P de Silva, H Janaka de Silva
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common problem across the world. We aimed to determine the prevalence of NAFLD and its associations in Sri Lankan adolescents living in an urban Sri Lankan community. METHOD: The study population consisted of the birth cohort of the year 2000, residing in the Ragama Medical Officer of Health area. Socio-demographic and anthropometric data [anthropometric measurements, blood pressure and total body fat distribution] of these adolescents were collected by trained data collectors...
November 29, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186215/revisiting-monosaccharide-analysis-quantitation-of-a-comprehensive-set-of-monosaccharides-using-dynamic-multiple-reaction-monitoring
#9
Gege Xu, Matthew J Amicucci, Zhi Cheng, Ace G Galermo, Carlito B Lebrilla
A rapid method for the quantitation of sixteen neutral and acidic monosaccharides, from both animal and plant sources was developed using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC/QqQ-MS) in dynamic multiple reaction monitoring (dMRM) mode. Monosaccharides including three pentoses (ribose, xylose, arabinose), two deoxyhexoses (rhamnose, fucose), five hexoses (fructose, mannose, allose, glucose, galactose), two hexuronic acids (glucuronic acid, galacturonic acid), and two N-acetyl-hexosamines (GlcNAc, GalNAc), were derivatized with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (PMP), while underivatized sialic acids, Neu5Ac and Neu5Gc, were simultaneously analyzed with a 10-minute run...
November 29, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169075/maternal-intention-to-exclusively-breast-feed-among-mainland-chinese-mothers-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Xiao Yang, Wan-Yim Ip, Ling-Ling Gao
OBJECTIVE: to examine postpartum maternal recall of their intentions to exclusively breast feed among breastfeeding women and identify its predictors. DESIGN AND SETTING: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in a regional teaching hospital at Guangzhou, China between April 1 and July 14, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 571 mothers who were within four days after delivery were recruited to the study. MEASUREMENTS: data were collected by four research assistants with maternal intention to breast feed data sheet, the Network Support for Breastfeeding Scale (NSBS), and a socio-demographic data sheet...
November 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167077/the-effects-of-breastfeeding-in-infants-with-phenylketonuria
#11
Engin Kose, Betul Aksoy, Pinar Kuyum, Nilhan Tuncer, Nur Arslan, Yesim Ozturk
PURPOSE: In the early years of phenylketonuria (PKU) treatment, mothers and healthcare professionals often decide to discontinue breastfeeding after the diagnosis of PKU in infants. It was believed to be the only effective way to monitor the infant's intake and allow for precise titration and measurement of the intake of phenylalanine (Phe). In the early 1980s, with the determination of low concentration of Phe in breast milk, breast milk supplemented with Phe-free formula has become an acceptable dietary treatment for infants with PKU...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166382/human-milk-h2o2-content-does-it-benefit-preterm-infants
#12
Monika Cieslak, Cristina H F Ferreira, Yulia Shifrin, Jingyi Pan, Jaques Belik
BACKGROUND: Human milk has a high content of the antimicrobial compound hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). As opposed to healthy full-term infants, preterm neonates are fed previously expressed and stored maternal milk. These practices may favor H2O2 decomposition, thus limiting its potential benefit to preterm infants. The goal of this study was to evaluate the factors responsible for H2O2 generation and degradation in breastmilk. METHODS: Human donors' and rat milk, along with rat mammary tissue were evaluated...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144393/growth-gastrointestinal-tolerance-and-stool-characteristics-of-healthy-term-infants-fed-an-infant-formula-containing-hydrolyzed-whey-protein-63-and-intact-casein-37-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Shang-Ling Wu, Ding Ding, Ai-Ping Fang, Pei-Yan Chen, Si Chen, Li-Peng Jing, Yu-Ming Chen, Hui-Lian Zhu
To investigate whether healthy term infants, fed an infant formula containing hydrolyzed whey protein (HWP-F, hydrolyzed whey/intact casein =63/37), differ in growth, gastrointestinal tolerance and stool characteristics from those fed an infant formula containing intact whey protein (IWP-F, intact whey/intact casein =61/39) or breast milk. Healthy term infants, born within 14 days of the study's commencement, were randomly assigned to be fed IWP-F or HWP-F until 13 weeks of age, and breast-fed (BF) infants were enrolled as a reference group...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121673/influence-of-vitamin-d-on-key-bacterial-taxa-in-infant-microbiota-in-the-koala-birth-cohort-study
#14
Chris E Talsness, John Penders, Eugène H J M Jansen, Jan Damoiseaux, Carel Thijs, Monique Mommers
Vitamin D has immunomodulatory properties giving it the potential to affect microbial colonization of the intestinal tract. We investigated whether maternal vitamin D supplemention, maternal plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration, or direct supplementation of the infant influences key bacterial taxa within microbiota of one month old infants. Infant and maternal vitamin D supplement use was ascertained via questionnaires. Maternal plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D was determined at approximately the 36th week of pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109046/when-should-infants-with-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-use-an-amino-acid-formula-a-practical-guide
#15
Rosan Meyer, Marion Groetch, Carina Venter
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most common food allergy in childhood and its prevalence ranges between 1.9% and 4.9%. Most children present with CMPA at age less than 1 year and therefore may require a hypoallergenic formula in the absence of breast milk. Hypoallergenic formulas include both extensively hydrolyzed formula (EHF) and amino acid formula (AAF). For most children with a CMPA, an EHF will be sufficient for symptom resolution, as reflected in current guidelines, but there is a subset of children with CMPA where an AAF may be indicated...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108055/effects-of-in-ovo-feeding-of-l-arginine-on-hatchability-hatching-time-early-posthatch-development-and-carcass-traits-in-domestic-pigeons-columba-livia
#16
X Y Zhang, X P Wan, L P Miao, X T Zou, X Y Dong
The objective of this research was to test the hypothesis that in ovo feeding of arginine (Arg) may improve hatchability and posthatch performance in domestic pigeons (). A completely randomized design ( = 3) with an Arg feeding treatment (Arg group, 1.14 mg Arg dissolved in 200 μL of 0.75% NaCl buffered saline as 1% concentration compared to total Arg in the egg), a buffered saline feeding treatment (SC group, 7.5 g NaCl dissolved in 1 L sterile distilled water as the concentration of poultry physiological saline), and a nonfeeding treatment (NC group) was used...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103396/prevalence-risk-factors-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-diarrhoeal-infection-among-children-in-thi-qar-governorate-iraq
#17
A Harb, M O'Dea, Z K Hanan, S Abraham, I Habib
We conducted a hospital-based cross-sectional study among children aged <5 years in Thi-Qar Governorate, south-eastern Iraq, in order to examine the prevalence, risk factors and antimicrobial resistance associated with gastroenteritis caused by Salmonella infection. From 320 diarrhoea cases enrolled between March and August 2016, 33 (10·3%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 8·4-12·4) cases were stool culture-positive for non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica. The most commonly identified serovar was Typhimurium (54%)...
November 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103394/very-high-expander-processing-of-maize-on-animal-performance-digestibility-and-product-quality-of-finishing-pigs-and-broilers
#18
R Puntigam, K Schedle, C Schwarz, E Wanzenböck, J Eipper, E-M Lechner, L Yin, M Gierus
The present study investigated the effect of hydrothermic maize processing and supplementation of amino acids (AA) in two experiments. In total, 60 barrows and 384 broilers were fed four diets including either unprocessed (T1), or hydrothermically processed maize, that is short- (T2), or long-term conditioned (LC) (T3), and subsequently expanded maize of the same batch. Assuming a higher metabolizable energy (ME) content after processing, the fourth diet (T4) contains maize processed as treatment T3, but AA were supplemented to maintain the ideal protein value...
November 6, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103383/milk-vitamin-d-in-relation-to-the-adequate-intake-for-0-6-month-old-infants-a-study-in-lactating-women-with-different-cultural-backgrounds-living-at-different-latitudes
#19
Eline Stoutjesdijk, Anne Schaafsma, Nguyen V Nhien, Geok Lin Khor, Ido P Kema, Bruce W Hollis, D A Janneke Dijck-Brouwer, Frits A J Muskiet
Breast-fed infants are susceptible to vitamin D deficiency rickets. The current vitamin D 'adequate intake' (AI) for 0-6-month-old infants is 10 µg/d, corresponding with a human milk antirachitic activity (ARA) of 513 IU/l. We were particularly interested to see whether milk ARA of mothers with lifetime abundant sunlight exposure reaches the AI. We measured milk ARA of lactating mothers with different cultural backgrounds, living at different latitudes. Mature milk was derived from 181 lactating women in the Netherlands, Curaçao, Vietnam, Malaysia and Tanzania...
November 6, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094670/the-french-national-survey-on-food-consumption-of-children-under-3-years-of-age-nutri-b%C3%A3-b%C3%A3-2013-design-methodology-population-sampling-and-feeding-practices
#20
Jean-Pierre Chouraqui, Gabriel Tavoularis, Yves Emery, Aurée Francou, Pascale Hébel, Magali Bocquet, Régis Hankard, Dominique Turck
OBJECTIVE: To update the data on food consumption and practices in children under 3 years of age in metropolitan France. DESIGN: The Nutri-Bébé 2013 cross-sectional study selected a random sample, according to the quota sampling method. After giving their informed consent, parents had to record the food consumption during three non-consecutive days framed by two face-to-face interviews, using for quantitative information different portion size measurement aids...
November 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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