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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642679/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-a-combination-of-plant-oils-on-performance-meat-quality-and-fatty-acid-deposition-of-broilers
#1
Shenfei Long, Yetong Xu, Chunlin Wang, Changlian Li, Dewen Liu, Xiang-Shu Piao
Objective: This study was to evaluate effects of mixed plant oils [identified as mixed oil 1 (MO1) and mixed oil 2 (MO2)] on performance, serum composition, viscera percentages, meat quality, and fatty acid deposition of broilers. Methods: A total of 126 one-day-old Arbor Acres male broiler chicks (weighing 44.91 ± 0.92 g) were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 treatments with 7 replicate pens per treatment (6 broilers per pen). Dietary treatments included a corn-soybean basal diet supplemented with 3% soybean oil (CTR), basal diet with 3% MO1 (a mixture of 15% corn oil, 10% coconut oil, 15% linseed oil, 20% palm oil, 15% peanut oil and 25% soybean oil; MO1), or basal diet with 3% MO2 (a combination of 50% MO1 and 50% extruded corn; MO2)...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642669/evaluation-of-polyherbal-formulation-and-synthetic-choline-chloride-on-choline-deficiency-model-in-broilers-implications-on-zootechnical-parameters-serum-biochemistry-and-liver-histopathology
#2
Ramasamy Selvam, Marimuthu Saravanakumar, Subramniyam Suresh, C V Chandrasekaran, D'Souza Prashanth
Objective: The study was designed to establish choline deficiency model (CDM) in broilers for evaluating efficacy of polyherbal formulation (PHF) in comparison with synthetic choline chloride (SCC). Methods: A total of 2550 one-day-old Cobb 430 broiler chicks were randomly assigned to different groups in three experiments. In experiment 1, G1 and G2 served as normal controls and were fed a basal diet with 100% soybean meal (SBM) as a major protein source supplemented with and without SCC, respectively...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622907/sub-optimal-breastfeeding-and-its-associated-factors-in-rural-communities-of-hula-district-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Shibru Hoche, Berhan Meshesha, Negash Wakgari
Background: Sub-optimal breast feeding contributed a significant number of infants' death. Although breast feeding is universal in Ethiopia, the practice is not optimal. Hence, this study assessed the prevalence of sub-optimal breast feeding practice and its associated factors in rural communities of Hula District, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 634 women with infants aged 6 to 12 months. Multistage sampling technique was employed to select study subjects...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613973/genetic-relatedness-of-staphylococcus-haemolyticus-in-gut-and-skin-of-preterm-neonates-and-breast-milk-of-their-mothers
#4
Hiie Soeorg, Hanna Kadri Metsvaht, Evamaria Elisabet Keränen, Imbi Eelmäe, Mirjam Merila, Mari-Liis Ilmoja, Tuuli Metsvaht, Irja Lutsar
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus haemolyticus is a common colonizer and cause of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in preterm neonates. By describing genetic relatedness, we aimed to determine whether mother's breast milk (BM) is a source of S. haemolyticus colonizing neonatal gut and skin and/or causing LOS. METHODS: S. haemolyticus was isolated from stool and skin swabs of 49 BM-fed preterm neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care unit, 20 healthy BM-fed term neonates and BM of mothers once a week and typed by multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
April 2, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603407/nutrition-support-team-guide-to-maternal-diet-for-the-human-milk-fed-infant
#5
Kathleen Copp, Emily A DeFranco, Jeanne Kleiman, Lynette K Rogers, Ardythe L Morrow, Christina J Valentine
BACKGROUND: Human milk feeding is encouraged for all infants; however, the mammary gland depends on maternal dietary intake of vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12, D, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), choline, and iodine. Nutrition support team knowledge of maternal feeding guidelines for these nutrient sources can therefore impact infant intake. We hypothesized that these key nutrients for lactation in the mother's diet would be less than the dietary guidelines in the United States. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of nutrition data collected during a randomized, controlled trial...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603403/comparison-of-calorie-and-protein-intake-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-receiving-mother-s-own-milk-or-donor-milk-when-the-nutrient-composition-of-human-milk-is-measured-with-a-breast-milk-analyzer
#6
Melanie Newkirk, Fauzia Shakeel, Prabhu Parimi, Pamela Rothpletz-Puglia, Rachael Patusco, Andrea Fleisch Marcus, Rebecca Brody
BACKGROUND: In premature infants, donor breast milk (DBM) is assumed to provide reduced nutrients vs. mother's own milk (MOM). This study examined calorie and protein delivery when very low birth weight infants were fed fortified MOM or DBM, with a known nutrient composition, relative to established nutrition recommendations and to determine if there were differences between the groups. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was conducted in 29 very low birth weight infants receiving MOM or DBM...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603266/source-and-quality-of-enteral-nutrition-influences-oxidative-stress-in-preterm-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Gerhard Fusch, Souvik Mitra, Heinrich Topp, Arnav Agarwal, So Hon Yiu, Josefin Bruhs, Niels Rochow, Anja Lange, Matthias Heckmann, Christoph Fusch
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at risk of oxidative stress from neonatal intensive care interventions. 8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), generated by oxygen radical attack on DNA, is a potential marker of oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of quality and source of enteral nutrition (EN) on renal excretion of 8-oxodG in preterm infants. METHODS: Spontaneous urine samples were collected on postnatal days 26-31 in 33 preterm infants...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579345/the-effects-of-prebiotic-supplementation-on-weight-gain-diarrhoea-constipation-fever-and-respiratory-tract-infections-in-the-first-year-of-life
#8
Iraj Shahramian, Gholamreza Kalvandi, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Manijeh Khalili, Noor Mohammad Noori, Mojtaba Delaramnasab, Ali Bazi
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of prebiotics on some common clinical ailments in healthy term infants. METHODS: Sixty healthy-term, breastfed (BF) infants were included. Along with these infants, 120 healthy-term formula-fed infants were randomly assigned to either the prebiotic formula (PF, n = 60) or regular formula (RF, n = 60) groups. Ready-to-use prebiotic-supplemented formula containing galacto-oligosaccharides and polydextrose (ratio 1:1) was used...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575348/the-tempo-of-human-childhood-a-maternal-foot-on-the-accelerator-a-paternal-foot-on-the-brake
#9
Jennifer Kotler, David Haig
Relative to the life history of other great apes, that of humans is characterized by early weaning and short interbirth intervals (IBIs). We propose that in modern humans, birth until adrenarche, or the rise in adrenal androgens, developmentally corresponds to the period from birth until weaning in great apes and ancestral hominins. According to this hypothesis, humans achieved short IBIs by subdividing ancestral infancy into a nurseling phase, during which offspring fed at the breast, and a weanling phase, during which offspring fed specially prepared foods...
March 25, 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569538/serum-metabolomics-study-of-nutrient-metabolic-variations-in-chronic-heat-stressed-broilers
#10
Zhuang Lu, Xiaofang He, Bingbing Ma, Lin Zhang, Jiaolong Li, Yun Jiang, Guanghong Zhou, Feng Gao
To investigate the effects of heat stress on broiler metabolism, we assigned 144 broilers to normal control (NC), heat stress (HS) or pair-fed (PF) groups and then monitored the effects using growth performance, carcass characteristics, biochemical assays and GC-MS-based metabolomics. The up-regulation of cloacal temperature confirmed that our experiment was successful in inducing chronic heat stress. The average daily gain and average daily feed intake of the HS group were significantly lower than those of the NC group, by 28·76 and 18·42 %, respectively (P1 and P<0·05)...
April 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565735/a-combination-of-lipidomics-ms-imaging-and-pet-scan-imaging-reveals-differences-in-cerebral-activity-in-rat-pups-according-to-the-lipid-quality-of-infant-formulas
#11
Nacima Aidoud, Bernadette Delplanque, Charlotte Baudry, Cyrielle Garcia, Anais Moyon, Laure Balasse, Benjamin Guillet, Claudine Antona, Dominique Darmaun, Karl Fraser, Sega Ndiaye, Pascale Leruyet, Jean-Charles Martin
We evaluated the effect of adding docosahexaenoic:arachidonic acids (3:2) (DHA+ARA) to 2 representative commercial infant formulas on brain activity and brain and eye lipids in an artificially reared rat pup model. The formula lipid background was either a pure plant oil blend, or dairy fat with a plant oil blend (1:1). Results at weaning were compared to breast milk-fed pups. Brain functional activity was determined by positron emission tomography scan imaging, the brain and eye fatty acid and lipid composition by targeted and untargeted lipidomics, and DHA brain regional location by mass-spectrometry imaging...
March 22, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562795/breast-milk-oligosaccharides-effects-of-2-fucosyllactose-and-6-sialyllactose-on-the-adhesion-of-escherichia-coli-and-salmonella-fyris-to-caco-2-cells
#12
Bruna Facinelli, Emanuela Marini, Gloria Magi, Lucia Zampini, Lucia Santoro, Carlo Catassi, Chiara Monachesi, Orazio Gabrielli, Giovanni V Coppa
BACKGROUND: It is well known that human milk oligosaccharides play an important role as prebiotics, anti-inflammatory, and anti-infective agents. In the last few years, several studies have been performed using specific oligosaccharides, such as 2'-fucosyllactose and 6'-sialylactose, to evaluate their biological functions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the anti-adhesive effect of the above oligosaccharides on Escherichia coli and Salmonella fyris...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562703/preterm-infant-feeding-a-mechanistic-comparison-between-a-vacuum-triggered-novel-teat-and-breastfeeding
#13
Donna Geddes, Chooi Kok, Kathryn Nancarrow, Anna Hepworth, Karen Simmer
The goal for preterm infants is to achieve full oral feeds quickly and ultimately progress to full breastfeeding. Supplementary oral feeds are often given when the mother is not available to breastfeed. Bottles typically deliver milk in a different fashion compared to breastfeeding, which is thought to hamper transition to full breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to compare the sucking dynamics of preterm infants fed at the breast to feeding with an experimental novel teat (NT) designed to release milk only upon the application of vacuum...
March 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554327/effects-on-health-performance-and-tissue-residues-of-the-ionophore-antibiotic-salinomycin-in-finishing-broilers-21-to-38-d
#14
Gonzalo J Diaz, Yandy Aguillón, Amparo Cortés
A study was conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding salinomycin at the recommended prophylactic level, and at 2 and 3 times this level, to finishing male broilers (d 21 to 38). Four treatment groups were given the experimental diets containing 0, 60, 120, or 180 parts per million (ppm) salinomycin from d 21 to 38. Performance, relative organ weights, selected serum enzymes, and salinomycin residues in liver, muscle, and serum were determined. Salinomycin supplementation had no effect on body weight, feed intake, or feed conversion, and caused no overt signs of toxicity...
March 15, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551732/physical-exercise-improves-cognitive-function-by-enhancing-hippocampal-neurogenesis-and-inhibiting-apoptosis-in-male-offspring-born-to-obese-mother
#15
Tae-Woon Kim, Hye-Sang Park
Maternal obesity induces hippocampal functional changes and leads to deficits in cognitive functions, such as learning and memory in offspring. We investigated the protective effects of physical exercise against cognitive function deficit in offspring born to obese mothers. Neurotrophic factors, neurogenesis, and apoptosis were analyzed in the hippocampus and dentate gyrus of offspring. Four-week-old female rats were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 20 weeks: 12 weeks prior to mating, and 8 weeks during pregnancy and breast-feeding...
March 15, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549532/high-urinary-iodine-concentration-among-breastfed-infants-and-the-factors-associated-with-iodine-content-in-breast-milk
#16
Oraporn Dumrongwongsiri, Suthida Chatvutinun, Phanphen Phoonlabdacha, Areeporn Sangcakul, La-Or Chailurkit, Atitaya Siripinyanond, Umaporn Suthutvoravut, Nalinee Chongviriyaphan
Iodine deficiency in infants leads to delayed growth and development. Some studies have reported iodine deficiency among infants and lactating women. We assessed iodine status in infants and lactating women, as well as the iodine content in breast milk. A cross-sectional study enrolled mother-infant pairs (infants aged 4-6 months), who visited Well Child Clinic at Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Infants were classified by feeding type as breastfed (BF), mixed breastfed and formula-fed (MF), and formula-fed (FF)...
March 16, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541138/prevalence-of-overweight-in-hong-kong-chinese-children-its-associations-with-family-early-life-development-and-behaviors-related-factors
#17
Jing Jing Wang, Yang Gao, Patrick W C Lau
Background: Childhood overweight is a crucial public health concern. Recognizing its associated factors can facilitate the establishment of effective prevention strategies. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of overweight in Hong Kong Chinese children and explore its influential factors in relation to family, early-life development and behavior-related issues. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 894 primary school students aged 9-12 years (50...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538368/bifidobacterium-longum-subsp-infantis-cect7210-supplemented-formula-reduces-diarrhoea-in-healthy-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Joaquin Escribano, Natalia Ferré, Mariona Gispert-Llaurado, Veronica Luque, Carmen Rubio-Torrents, Marta Zaragoza-Jordana, Isabel Polanco, Francisco M Codoñer, Empar Chenoll, Mireia Morera, Jose Antonio Moreno Muñoz, Montserrat Rivero, Ricardo Closa-Monasterolo
BACKGROUND: Intestinal microbiota of breast-fed infants is plenty of beneficial bifidobacteria. We aimed to determine whether an infant formula supplemented with probiotic Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis CECT7210 (B. infantis IM1®) is effective at reducing diarrhoea incidence in healthy term infants. METHODS: Double-blinded, randomized, multicentre, controlled clinical trial, where formula-fed infants (<3 months) received an infant formula supplemented (Probiotic) or not (Control) with 107 cfu/g of B...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535931/maternal-and-infantile-adiponectin-as-marker-for-anthropometric-parameters-of-lactating-mothers-and-their-breast-fed-infants
#19
Ahmed Ragab Fakhreldin
Background: Breast milk adiponectin could play a role in the regulation of infants' growth during lactation. Aim of Work: The aim is to evaluate adiponectin concentration in human milk and to investigate its relationship with serum adiponectin concentration in lactating mothers and their breastfed infants and with anthropometric parameters of infants and mothers. Materials and Methods: Sixty healthy term infants and their healthy lactating mothers are included at infant age of 1 month then repeated again at the age of 4 months...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534442/food-sources-of-energy-and-macronutrient-intakes-among-infants-from-6-to-12-months-of-age-the-growing-up-in-singapore-towards-healthy-outcomes-gusto-study
#20
Shan-Xuan Lim, Jia-Ying Toh, Linde van Lee, Wee-Meng Han, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok-Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Mary Foong-Fong Chong
Adequate nutrition during complementary feeding is important for the growth, development and well-being of children. We aim to examine the energy and macronutrient intake composition and their main food sources in a mother-offspring cohort study in Singapore. The diets of infants were assessed by 24 h dietary recalls or food diaries collected from mothers when their offspring were 6 (n = 760), 9 (n = 893) and 12 (n = 907) months of age. Food sources of energy and macronutrients were determined using the population proportion methodology...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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