keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Low flow

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732286/development-of-liquid-chromatographic-methods-for-enantioseparation-and-sensitive-detection-of-%C3%AE-adrenolytics-%C3%AE-2-agonists-in-human-plasma-using-a-single-enantiomer-reagent
#1
Poonam Malik, Ravi Bhushan
Enantioseparation of four commonly used β-adrenolytics (bisoprolol, salbutamol, and carvedilol, marketed as racemic mixtures) has been achieved by both TLC and RPHPLC via an indirect approach. A new chiral reagent, (S)-naproxen benzotriazole ester, was synthesized and it was characterized by UV, IR, (1)HNMR, elemental analysis and polarimetry. It was used to synthesize diastereomeric derivatives of the three β-adrenolytics under microwave irradiation. TLC separation of diastereomeric derivatives was achieved which were then isolated by preparative approach; these were characterized and were used as standard reference for determining absolute configuration of diastereomeric derivatives and for establishing validated HPLC method for enantioseparation and sensitive detection of the three β-adrenolytics in human plasma...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732228/a-facile-method-for-preparation-of-emulsion-using-the-high-gravity-technique
#2
Yan Li, Ran Andy Mei, Zhongqiang Yang
This study demonstrates a new process for preparation of oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion using the high gravity technique. This involves a mixture of oil and water that are passed through a rotating packed bed, under a high shear force, from which oil is emulsified into tiny droplets and subsequently dispersed in water. The process is cycled in order to break the droplets repeatedly and achieve an emulsion with small size and low polydispersity index (PDI). The advantage of the high gravity technique is that the emulsions with a desired size and polydispersity can be rapidly obtained by tuning experimental parameters, such as relative centrifugal force (RCF), cycle times (CT), liquid flow rate (VL) and surfactant concentration (Csurfactant)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732173/exploring-the-potential-of-gametic-reconstruction-of-parental-genotypes-by-f-sub-1-sub-hybrids-as-a-bridge-for-rapid-introgression
#3
Charles H Cannon, C Lane Scher
Interspecific hybridization and genetic introgression are commonly observed in natural populations of many species, especially trees. Among oaks, gene flow between closely-related species has been well documented. And yet, hybridization does not lead to a 'melting pot', i.e. the homogenization of phenotypic traits. Here, we explore how the combination of several common reproductive traits and genomic biology could create an avenue for interspecific gene flow that partially explains this apparent paradox. During meiosis, F<sub>1</sub> hybrids will produce approximately (½)<sup>n</sup> 'reconstructed' parental gametes, where n equals the number of chromosomes...
July 21, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731756/stochastic-chaos-in-a-turbulent-swirling-flow
#4
D Faranda, Y Sato, B Saint-Michel, C Wiertel, V Padilla, B Dubrulle, F Daviaud
We report the experimental evidence of the existence of a random attractor in a fully developed turbulent swirling flow. By defining a global observable which tracks the asymmetry in the flux of angular momentum imparted to the flow, we can first reconstruct the associated turbulent attractor and then follow its route towards chaos. We further show that the experimental attractor can be modeled by stochastic Duffing equations, that match the quantitative properties of the experimental flow, namely, the number of quasistationary states and transition rates among them, the effective dimensions, and the continuity of the first Lyapunov exponents...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731151/meg3-is-a-prognostic-factor-for-crc-and-promotes-chemosensitivity-by-enhancing-oxaliplatin-induced-cell-apoptosis
#5
Lixia Li, Jian Shang, Yupeng Zhang, Shi Liu, Yanan Peng, Zhou Zhou, Huaqing Pan, Xiaobing Wang, Lipng Chen, Qiu Zhao
A major reason for the failure of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment is the occurrence of chemoresistance to oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Recently, studies have shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in drug resistance. Using HiSeq sequencing methods, we identified that lncRNAs show differential expression levels in oxaliplatin-resistant (OxR) and non-resistant CRC patients. RT-qPCR was then performed in tissues and serum samples, and lncRNA MEG3 was verified to be downregulated in non-responding patients and to have considerable discriminating potential to identify responding patients from non-responding patients...
July 17, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731147/beclin-1-overexpression-inhibits-chondrocyte-apoptosis-and-downregulates-extracellular-matrix-metabolism-in-osteoarthritis
#6
Bin Song, Hong Song, Weiguo Wang, Hongru Wang, Hanyuan Peng, Jing Cui, Rong Wang, Hua Huang, Wei Wang, Lili Wang
In the present study, the expression of Beclin 1 in osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage tissue was investigated, and also its role in proliferation, apoptosis and expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in chondrocytes obtained from patients with OA. Beclin 1 expression in cartilage tissue from OA patients, and in the age- and sex-matched controls, was detected by immunohistochemistry, semi-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Chondrocytes were divided into control and Beclin 1-overexpressed groups...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731131/assessment-of-the-antioxidant-activity-of-an-olive-oil-total-polyphenolic-fraction-and-hydroxytyrosol-from-a-greek-olea%C3%A2-europea-variety-in-endothelial-cells-and-myoblasts
#7
Paraskevi Kouka, Alexandros Priftis, Dimitrios Stagos, Apostolis Angelis, Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Nikos Xinos, Alexios-Léandros Skaltsounis, Charalampos Mamoulakis, Aristides M Tsatsakis, Demetrios A Spandidos, Demetrios Kouretas
Olive oil (OO) constitutes the basis of the Mediterranean diet, and it seems that its biophenols, such as hydroxytyrosol (HT) may scavenge free radicals, attracting distinct attention due to their beneficial effects in many pathological conditions, such as cancer. To the best of our knowedge, this is the first study in which the functional properties of an OO total polyphenolic fraction (TPF) and pure HT were examined in order to determine their antioxidant effects at a cellular level in endothelial cells and myoblasts...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730311/aptamer-based-fluorescence-quenching-lateral-flow-strip-for-rapid-detection-of-mercury-ii-ion-in-water-samples
#8
Ze Wu, Haicong Shen, Junhui Hu, Qiangqiang Fu, Cuize Yao, Shiting Yu, Wei Xiao, Yong Tang
Divalent mercury ion (Hg(2+)) is one of the most common and stable forms of mercury pollution. In this study, a skillfully designed lateral flow strip (LFS) was developed for sensitive detection of Hg(2+) in river water samples. Aptamer, a specific oligonucleotide probe, was used to selectively identify and target Hg(2+) instead of antibody in traditional immunechromatographic strips; and the fluorescence-quenching system was used to generate positive and low background florescence signals in the competitive-likely LFS...
July 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729864/synechococcus-assemblages-across-the-salinity-gradient-in-a-salt-wedge-estuary
#9
Xiaomin Xia, Wang Guo, Shangjin Tan, Hongbin Liu
Synechococcus are the most abundant and widely distributed picocyanobacteria in the ocean. The salt-wedge type of estuary possesses the complete horizontal and vertical gradient of salinity together with other physical and chemical parameters. In order to reveal whether such a complex environmental gradient harbors a high diversity of Synechococcus, we investigated the abundance, taxonomic composition and pigment genetic diversity of Synechococcus in surface and bottom waters across the salinity gradient in a salt-wedge estuary by flow cytometric analysis and pyrosequencing of the rpoC1 gene and cpcBA operon (encoding phycocyanin)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729613/effects-of-sintering-temperature-on-crystallization-and-fabrication-of-porous-bioactive-glass-scaffolds-for-bone-regeneration
#10
E P Erasmus, O T Johnson, I Sigalas, J Massera
In this work the sintering ability of borosilicate (S53B50), borophosphate (P40B10) and phosphate (Sr) bioactive glasses was investigated. The glass powders were crushed and sintered in air at a heating rate of 10 °C/min for 2 hours at sintering temperatures between 480 °C-600 °C. The aim was to define the optimum sintering temperature prior to glass crystallization. The density of the samples was found to decrease when the temperature was increased up to 580 °C; probably due to the inhibition of the viscous flow of the particles during sintering thereby reducing the densification of the material...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729545/genetic-differentiation-of-the-schizothorax-species-complex-cyprinidae-in-the-nujiang-river-upper-salween
#11
Weitao Chen, Xingjian Yue, Shunping He
Phenotypically diverse species from recently evolved groups always share allele/haplotype due to insufficient differentiation in the early process. In this study, we performed population genetics analyses using sequences from the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene, and two nuclear genes to investigate the genetic differentiation of the closely related Schizothorax species complex, comprising a group of alpine fish living in the Nujiang River. The results from both mtDNA and nDNA markers revealed relatively low but pronounced genetic differentiation among the three Schizothorax species, i...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729354/continuous-flow-lvad-support-causes-a-distinct-form-of-intestinal-angiodysplasia
#12
Jooeun Kang, Samson Hennessy-Strahs, Pawel Kwiatkowski, Christian Bermudez, Michael A Acker, Pavan Atluri, Patrick McConnell, Carlo R Bartoli
Rationale: The objective of this autopsy study was to determine whether abnormal gastrointestinal vascularity develops during continuous-flow LVAD support. Objective: Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support causes pathologic degradation of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and bleeding from gastrointestinal angiodysplasia at an alarming rate. It has been speculated that LVAD support, itself may cause angiodysplasia. The relationship to abnormal vWF metabolism is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that abnormal gastrointestinal vascularity develops during continuous-flow LVAD support...
July 20, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729293/3d-pseudocontinuous-arterial-spin-labeling-mr-imaging-in-the-preoperative-evaluation-of-gliomas
#13
Q Zeng, B Jiang, F Shi, C Ling, F Dong, J Zhang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies showed conflicting results concerning the value of CBF maps obtained from arterial spin-labeling MR imaging in grading gliomas. This study was performed to investigate the effectiveness of CBF maps derived from 3D pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling in preoperatively assessing the grade, cellular proliferation, and prognosis of gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with pathologically confirmed gliomas underwent preoperative 3D pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling...
July 20, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728866/deformability-and-size-based-microcapsule-sorting
#14
Doriane Vesperini, Oriane Chaput, Nadège Munier, Pauline Maire, Florence Edwards-Lévy, Anne-Virginie Salsac, Anne Le Goff
Biomedical applications often require to sort cells according to their physical properties, such as size, density or deformability. In recent years, microfluidics has provided a variety of tools to sort micro-objects. We present here a simple microfluidic device consisting of a channel containing a semi-cylindrical obstacle against which capsules are squeezed by the flow, followed by a diverging chamber where streamlines separate. We demonstrate that this basic system is capable of sorting elastic microcapsules according to their size at low flow strength, and according to the stiffness of their membrane at high flow strength...
July 17, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728822/a-microfluidic-approach-for-studying-piezo-channels
#15
M M Maneshi, P A Gottlieb, S Z Hua
Microfluidics is an interdisciplinary field intersecting many areas in engineering. Utilizing a combination of physics, chemistry, biology, and biotechnology, along with practical applications for designing devices that use low volumes of fluids to achieve high-throughput screening, is a major goal in microfluidics. Microfluidic approaches allow the study of cells growth and differentiation using a variety of conditions including control of fluid flow that generates shear stress. Recently, Piezo1 channels were shown to respond to fluid shear stress and are crucial for vascular development...
2017: Current Topics in Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728588/genetic-structure-and-gene-flow-of-the-flea-xenopsylla-cheopis-in-madagascar-and-mayotte
#16
Mireille Harimalala, Sandra Telfer, Hélène Delatte, Phillip C Watts, Adélaïde Miarinjara, Tojo Rindra Ramihangihajason, Soanandrasana Rahelinirina, Minoarisoa Rajerison, Sébastien Boyer
BACKGROUND: The flea Xenopsylla cheopis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) is a vector of plague. Despite this insect's medical importance, especially in Madagascar where plague is endemic, little is known about the organization of its natural populations. We undertook population genetic analyses (i) to determine the spatial genetic structure of X. cheopis in Madagascar and (ii) to determine the potential risk of plague introduction in the neighboring island of Mayotte. RESULTS: We genotyped 205 fleas from 12 sites using nine microsatellite markers...
July 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728567/settings-and-artefacts-relevant-for-doppler-ultrasound-in-large-vessel-vasculitis
#17
REVIEW
L Terslev, A P Diamantopoulos, U Møller Døhn, W A Schmidt, S Torp-Pedersen
Ultrasound is used increasingly for diagnosing large vessel vasculitis (LVV). The application of Doppler in LVV is very different from in arthritic conditions. This paper aims to explain the most important Doppler parameters, including spectral Doppler, and how the settings differ from those used in arthritic conditions and provide recommendations for optimal adjustments. This is addressed through relevant Doppler physics, focusing, for example, on the Doppler shift equation and how angle correction ensures correctly displayed blood velocity...
July 20, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728449/efficiency-and-cytotoxicity-analysis-of-cationic-lipids-mediated-gene-transfection-into-ags-gastric-cancer-cells
#18
Nasrin Gharaati-Far, Mohammad Reza Tohidkia, Alireza Dehnad, Yadollah Omidi
In this effort, we provided comparative study on optimization of transfection conditions for AGS human gastric cancer cell line using two commercial non-liposomal cationic lipids. Using reporter vector pEGFP-N1, transfection efficiency of Attractene™ and X-tremeGENE HP™ transfection reagents in terms of cell densities and DNA/reagent ratios was determined in AGS cells by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy. In addition, influence of transfection reagents on direct cytotoxicity and cell viability was respectively, measured using lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage and MTT assays...
July 20, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728443/functional-assessment-of-coronary-artery-disease-by-cardiac-computed-tomography
#19
T A Treibel, A Rossi, F Pugliese, C Davies
Rapid technological advances in computed tomography (CT) have allowed CT coronary angiography (CTCA) to be delivered at low radiation dose and high diagnostic accuracy. Due to its high negative predictive value for coronary artery disease, it has become a gatekeeper for the assessment of patients with chest pain of recent onset. Second line functional assessment of a detected coronary stenosis relies mostly on other imaging modalities. Functional assessment of coronary artery disease by CT is therefore an attractive addition to CTCA...
July 21, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728410/microbial-electrolytic-capture-separation-and-regeneration-of-co2-for-biogas-upgrading
#20
Xiangdan Jin, Yifeng Zhang, Xiaohu Li, Nannan Zhao, Irini Angelidaki
Biogas upgrading to natural gas quality is essential for the efficient use of biogas in various applications. Carbon dioxide (CO2) which constitutes a major part of the biogas is generally removed by physicochemical methods. However, most of the methods are expensive and often present environmental challenges. In this study, an innovative microbial electrolytic system was developed to capture, separate and regenerate CO2 for biogas upgrading without external supply of chemicals, and potentially to treat wastewater...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
keyword
keyword
98492
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"