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H Fenaux, M Chassaing, S Berger, H Jeulin, A Gentilhomme, M Bensenane, J P Bronowicki, C Gantzer, I Bertrand, E Schvoerer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is emerging but its circulation between humans and the environment remains misunderstood. HEV ORF2 gene encodes the capsid playing a key role in viral interactions with surfaces, ORF3 products are involved in the viral cycle. Our aim was to study the molecular characteristics of ORF2 and ORF3 which could favor HEV fitness in patients and the environment. STUDY DESIGN: Samples from 69 patients with hepatitis (blood/stools), 20 urban wastewaters, 20 effluents of a pig slaughterhouse, 22 farm pigs (stools), 20 wild boars (liver/stools) were collected in North-Eastern France...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Mengcha Tian, Hong Xia, Zhishan Zhang, Yanhui Jin, Kankan Su, Mingshan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the molecular pathogenesis for a pedigree affected with coagulation factor Ⅴ (FⅤ) deficiency. METHODS: Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), coagulation factor Ⅱ activity (FⅡ: C), FⅤ activity (FⅤ: C), coagulation factor Ⅶ activity (FⅦ: C), and coagulation factor Ⅹ activity (FⅩ: C) were determined with a STAGO automatic coagulometer. FⅤ antigen (FⅤ: Ag) was detected with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
Bainan Liu, Qianqian Kong, Dong Zhang, Lingli Yan
37-kDa immature laminin receptor protein (iLRP), the precursor of 67-kDa laminin receptor protein (LRP), is overexpressed on the surface of most cancer cells and recognized as a universal tumor antigen. The role makes it a potential target for cancer immunotherapy, which has been well-studied. Our study aimed to produce high quality of human iLRP in bacteria so that the needs in research of its clinical application could be met. The powerful system for heterologous protein expression, pET system was used. Two types of DNA sequences encoding the same amino acid sequences were separately cloned into the vector pET30a(+)...
April 2018: 3 Biotech
Yanpeng Zhao, Yi Huang, Yumei Wang, Yupeng Cui, Zhengjie Liu, Jinping Hua
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPCase) mainly produces oxaloacetic acid for tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. Here we reported that GhPEPC2 silencing with PEPC2-RNAi vector could regulate oil and protein accumulation in cottonseeds. In GhPEPC2 transgenic plants, PEPCase activities in immature embryos were significantly reduced, and the oil content in seed kernel was increased 7.3 percentages, whereas total proteins decreased 5.65 percentages. Compared to wild type, agronomical traits of transgenic plant were obviously unaffected...
June 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Muhammad Tanveer Khan, Sussie Dalvin, Qaiser Waheed, Frank Nilsen, Rune Male
The Salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) is a marine ectoparasite of salmonid fish in the Northern Hemisphere and considered as a major challenge in aquaculture and a threat to wild populations of salmonids. Adult female lice produce a large number of lipid-rich eggs, however, the mechanism of maternal lipid transport into developing eggs during salmon louse reproduction has not been described. In the present study, a full-length L. salmonis lipophorin receptor (LsLpR) consisting of 16 exons was obtained by RACE and RT-PCR...
2018: PloS One
Emily C Hartman, Christopher M Jakobson, Andrew H Favor, Marco J Lobba, Ester Álvarez-Benedicto, Matthew B Francis, Danielle Tullman-Ercek
Self-assembling proteins are critical to biological systems and industrial technologies, but predicting how mutations affect self-assembly remains a significant challenge. Here, we report a technique, termed SyMAPS (Systematic Mutation and Assembled Particle Selection), that can be used to characterize the assembly competency of all single amino acid variants of a self-assembling viral structural protein. SyMAPS studies on the MS2 bacteriophage coat protein revealed a high-resolution fitness landscape that challenges some conventional assumptions of protein engineering...
April 11, 2018: Nature Communications
Moustafa Sakr, Xiao-Yan Li, Farideh Sabeh, Tamar Y Feinberg, John J G Tesmer, Yi Tang, Stephen J Weiss
Following ENU mutagenesis, a phenodeviant line was generated, termed the 'Cartoon mouse', that exhibits profound defects in growth and development. Cartoon mice harbor a single S466P point mutation in the MT1-MMP hemopexin domain, a 200 amino acid segment that is thought to play a critical role in regulating MT1-MMP collagenolytic activity. Herein, we demonstrate that the MT1-MMPS466P mutation replicates the phenotypic status of Mt1-mmp-null animals as well as the functional characteristics of MT1-MMP-/- cells...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Qianqian Shi, Zhenchuan Mao, Xiaoping Zhang, Jian Ling, Runmao Lin, Xi Zhang, Rui Liu, Yunsheng Wang, Yuhong Yang, Xinyue Cheng, Bingyan Xie
Meloidogyne incognita is highly specialized parasite that interacts with host plants using a range of strategies. The effectors are synthesized in the esophageal glands and secreted into plant cells through a needle-like stylet during parasitism. In this study, based on RNA-seq and bioinformatics analysis, we predicted 110 putative Meloidogyne incognita effectors that contain nuclear localization signals (NLSs). Combining the Burkholderia glumae -pEDV based screening system with subcellular localization, from 20 randomly selected NLS effector candidates, we identified an effector MiISE6 that can effectively suppress B...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Daqiang Pan, Caroline Lindau, Simon Lagies, Nils Wiedemann, Bernd Kammerer
Introduction: Subcellular compartmentalization enables eukaryotic cells to carry out different reactions at the same time, resulting in different metabolite pools in the subcellular compartments. Thus, mutations affecting the mitochondrial energy metabolism could cause different metabolic alterations in mitochondria compared to the cytoplasm. Given that the metabolite pool in the cytosol is larger than that of other subcellular compartments, metabolic profiling of total cells could miss these compartment-specific metabolic alterations...
2018: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
Yasmeen Yousif Ahmed Elyas, Kazusa Miyatani, Tomohiro Bito, Misugi Uraji, Tadashi Hatanaka, Katsuhiko Shimizu, Jiro Arima
d-Stereospecific amidohydrolase from Streptomyces sp. 82F2 (DAH) recognizes d-amino acyl ester derivatives as substrates and catalyzes hydrolysis and aminolysis to yield d-amino acids and d-amino acyl peptides or amide derivatives, respectively. Crystallographic analysis has revealed that DAH possesses a large cavity with a small pocket at the bottom. Because the pocket is close to the catalytic center and is thought to interact with substrates, we examined the function of the eight residues that form the pocket in terms of substrate recognition and aminolysis via mutational analysis...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Yao Sun, Hong Lu, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Qing Wu, Wenzi Bi, Haiyang Liu, Jianming Cao, Tieli Zhou
The current worldwide emergence of resistance to antibiotics in bacteria constitutes an important growing public health threat. The mechanisms of the emergence and dissemination of resistance remain to be elucidated. Adaptation laboratory evolution provide an approach to investigate the acquisition of de novo mutations that confers drug resistance. In our study, 3 Enterococcus faecalis clinical isolates and E. faecalis ATCC29212 were evolved resistant to 8 kinds of antimicrobials spanning five chemical classes, including ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, penicillin, imipenem, vancomycin, chloramphenicol and gentamicin...
April 3, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Ahmed M L Bedewy, Salah Showeta, Mostafa Hasan Mostafa, Lamia Saeed Kandil
Warfarin is the most commonly used drug for chronic prevention of thromboembolic events, it also ranks high among drugs that cause serious adverse events. The variability in dose requirements has been attributed to inter-individual differences in medical, personal, and genetic factor. Cytochrome P-450 2C9 is the principle enzyme that terminates the anticoagulant effect of warfarin by catalyzing the conversion of the pharmacologically more potent S-enantiomer to its inactive metabolites. Warfarin exerts its effect by inhibition of vitamin K epoxide reductase...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Sara Guzzetti, Luciano Calzari, Lucia Buccarello, Valentina Cesari, Ivan Toschi, Stefania Cattaldo, Alessandro Mauro, Francesca Pregnolato, Silvia Michela Mazzola, Silvia Russo
Angelman syndrome (AS, MIM 105830) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder affecting 1:10-20,000 children. Patients show moderate to severe intellectual disability, ataxia and absence of speech. Studies on both post-mortem AS human brains and mouse models revealed dysfunctions in the extra synaptic gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors implicated in the pathogenesis. Taurine is a free intracellular sulfur-containing amino acid, abundant in brain, considered an inhibiting neurotransmitter with neuroprotective properties...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Rui Yang, Li Han, Xiantie Zeng
The roles of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)9 in the control of pressure ulcers (PU) after hip fracture as well as how the rs1056629 in MMP9 3'UTR compromises the interaction between MMP9 and miR‑491 were explored. Online miRNA database ( was utilized to explore gene polymorphism in MMP9 3'UTR that might break the interaction between MMP9 and miRNA. Luciferase assay was utilized to confirm the miRNA targeted MMP9. Real‑time PCR, western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry were carried out to understand the roles of MMP9 in PU as well as how rs1056629 in MMP9 3'UTR compromises the interaction between MMP9 and miR‑491...
March 28, 2018: Oncology Reports
Victor A Becerra-Rivera, Ed Bergström, Jane Thomas-Oates, Michael F Dunn
Polyamines (PAs) are ubiquitous polycations derived from basic l-amino acids whose physiological roles are still being defined. Their biosynthesis and functions in nitrogen-fixing rhizobia such as Sinorhizobium meliloti have not been extensively investigated. Thin layer chromatographic and mass spectrometric analyses showed that S. meliloti Rm8530 produces the PAs, putrescine (Put), spermidine (Spd) and homospermidine (HSpd), in their free forms and norspermidine (NSpd) in a form bound to macromolecules. The S...
April 2018: Microbiology
Yaqian Wang, Chan Cao, Yi-Lun Ying, Shuang Li, Mingbo Wang, Jin Huang, Yi-Tao Long
Selectivity and sensitivity are two key parameters utilized to describe the performance of a sensor. In order to investigate selectivity and sensitivity of the aerolysin nanosensor, we manipulated its surface charge at different locations via single site-directed mutagenesis. To study the selectivity, we replaced the positively charged R220 at the entrance of the pore with negatively charged Glutamic acid, resulting in barely no current blockages for sensing negatively charged oligonucleotides. For the sensitivity, we substituted the positively charged lumen-exposed amino acid K238 located at trans-ward third of the β-barrel stem with Glutamic acid...
April 5, 2018: ACS Sensors
Meital Abayev, João Pglm Rodrigues, Gautam Srivastava, Boris Arshava, Łukasz Jaremko, Mariusz Jaremko, Fred Naider, Michael Levitt, Jacob Anglister
The inflammatory chemokine CCL5, which binds the chemokine receptor CCR5 in a two-step mechanism so as to activate signaling pathways in hematopoetic cells, plays an important role in immune surveillance, inflammation, and development, as well as in several immune system pathologies. The recently published crystal structure of CCR5 bound to a high-affinity variant of CCL5 lacks the N-terminal segment of the receptor that is post-translationally sulfated and is known to be important for high-affinity binding...
April 4, 2018: FEBS Journal
Kazuyuki Abe, Yutaka Nakamura, Kohei Yamauchi, Makoto Maemondo
Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in chitinase 3 - like 1 ( CHI3L1 ) are associated with bronchial severity and pulmonary function. CHI3L1 proteins are involved in both innate and adaptive immune responses; however, to date, the correlation of these SNPs and their age of onset of bronchial asthma has not been demonstrated. Methods: To address the role of these genetic variations, 390 patients with well-controlled bronchial asthma and living in Japan were recruited, genotyped, and had a pulmonary function test performed on them in this study...
2018: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
Adam Lister, Soline Bourgeois, Pedro H Imenez Silva, Isabel Rubio-Aliaga, Philippe Marbet, Joanne Walsh, Luke M Shelton, Bettina Keller, Francois Verrey, Olivier Devuyst, Pieter Giesbertz, Hannelore Daniel, Christopher E Goldring, Ian M Copple, Carsten A Wagner, Alex Odermatt
Expression of the glutamine transporter SNAT3 increases in kidney during metabolic acidosis, suggesting a role during ammoniagenesis. Microarray analysis of Nrf2 knock-out (KO) mouse kidney identified Snat3 as the most significantly down-regulated transcript compared to wild-type (WT). We hypothesized that in the absence of NRF2 the kidney would be unable to induce SNAT3 under conditions of metabolic acidosis and therefore reduce the availability of glutamine for ammoniagenesis. Metabolic acidosis was induced for 7 days in WT and Nrf2 KO mice...
April 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mu Yang, Yingye Liu, Jian Dai, Lin Li, Xin Ding, Zhe Xu, Masayuki Mori, Hiroki Miyahara, Jinko Sawashita, Keiichi Higuchi
During acute-phase response (APR), there is a dramatic increase in serum amyloid A (SAA) in plasma high density lipoproteins (HDL). Elevated SAA leads to reactive AA amyloidosis in animals and humans. Herein, we employed apolipoprotein A-II (ApoA-II) deficient (Apoa2-/- ) and transgenic (Apoa2Tg) mice to investigate the potential roles of ApoA-II in lipoprotein particle formation and progression of AA amyloidosis during APR. AA amyloid deposition was suppressed in Apoa2-/- mice compared with wild type (WT) mice...
April 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
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