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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187059/clinical-and-microbiologic-characteristics-of-early-onset-sepsis-among-vlbw-infants-opportunities-for-antibiotic-stewardship
#1
Sagori Mukhopadhyay, Karen M Puopolo
BACKGROUND: Most very-low birth weight (birth weight <1500 grams, VLBW) infants receive empiric antibiotics for risk of early-onset sepsis (EOS). The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of VLBW infants with culture-confirmed EOS at a single center during 25 years, to identify opportunities for antibiotic stewardship. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study including VLBW infants admitted from 1990-2015. EOS was defined as isolation of a pathogen in blood or cerebrospinal fluid culture obtained < 72 hours of age...
February 9, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178310/diversity-and-composition-of-vaginal-microbiota-of-pregnant-women-at-risk-for-transmitting-group-b-streptococcus-treated-with-intrapartum-penicillin
#2
Luiz Fernando Wurdig Roesch, Rita C Silveira, Andréa L Corso, Priscila Thiago Dobbler, Volker Mai, Bruna S Rojas, Álvaro M Laureano, Renato S Procianoy
BACKGROUND: Administering intravenous antibiotics during labor to women at risk for transmitting Group B Streptococcus (GBS) can prevent infections in newborns. However, the impact of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis on mothers' microbial community composition is largely unknown. We compared vaginal microbial composition in pregnant women experiencing preterm birth at ≤ 32 weeks gestation that received intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis with that in controls. METHODS: Microbiota in vaginal swabs collected shortly before delivery from GBS positive women that received penicillin intravenously during labor or after premature rupture of membranes was compared to controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174626/maternal-undernutrition-and-excessive-body-weight-and-risk-of-birth-and-health-outcomes
#3
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Md Mizanur Rahman, Asma Ahmad Shariff, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing in low- and middle-income countries, while underweight remains a significant health problems. However, the association between double burden of nutrition and risk of adverse birth and health outcomes is still unclear in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of maternal undernutrition and excessive body weight on a range of maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 and 2014 data sets to cover the maternal, child and non-communicable diseases related health outcomes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168779/impact-of-risk-factors-for-perinatal-events-in-japan-introduction-of-a-newly-created-perinatal-event-score
#4
Yoshio Matsuda, Kemal Sasaki, Kaoru Kakinuma, Toshiyuki Kakinuma, Miki Tagawa, Ken Imai, Hiroaki Nonaka, Michitaka Ohwada, Shoji Satoh
AIM: A cohort study was performed to clarify the influence of risk factors on perinatal events (obstetric complications and/or perinatal deaths). METHODS: This cohort study reviewed 395 785 births from 2011 to 2013. Women with singleton pregnancies delivered after 22 weeks of gestation were included. The OR were determined on multivariate analysis. The perinatal event score (PES) for risk factors, which is the product of the OR of risk factors for obstetric complications, OR of risk factors for perinatal death, and OR of obstetric complications for perinatal death, was introduced to clarify the impact of each risk combination...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151804/pregnancy-loss-in-women-with-von-willebrand-disease-a-single-center-pilot-study
#5
Leslie Skeith, Natalia Rydz, Maeve O'Beirne, Dawn Goodyear, Haocheng Li, Man-Chiu Poon
The risk of pregnancy loss in von Willebrand disease (VWD) has been inconsistently reported. Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a known regulator of angiogenesis, so has the potential to affect placental function. We sought to determine the risk of pregnancy loss and placenta-mediated pregnancy complications in women with VWD, compared with women without VWD. Women with VWD followed in the Southern Alberta Rare Blood and Bleeding Disorders Clinic were invited to participate in a questionnaire (February-June 2014)...
February 1, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138914/obstetric-and-perinatal-outcome-in-anti-ro-ssa-positive-pregnant-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Nuria Martínez-Sánchez, Sergio Pérez-Pinto, Ángel Robles-Marhuenda, Francisco Arnalich-Fernández, María Martín Cameán, Edurne Hueso Zalvide, Jose Luis Bartha
: Anti-Ro/SS-A is one specific type of antinuclear antibodies. They are in the majority of cases associated with primary Sjögren syndrome (SS) but also in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and in healthy people. During pregnancy, they are mainly associated to congenital heart block (CHB) and neonatal lupus (NL). The aim of this study was to compare the rate of maternal and fetal complications between a series of anti-Ro/SS-A positive pregnant women prospectively followed...
January 30, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114513/risk-factors-and-risk-stratification-for-adverse-obstetrical-outcomes-after-appendectomy-or-cholecystectomy-during-pregnancy
#7
Adam Sachs, Jean Guglielminotti, Russell Miller, Ruth Landau, Richard Smiley, Guohua Li
Importance: Identification of risk factors for adverse obstetrical outcomes after appendectomy and cholecystectomy during pregnancy is necessary for evidence-based risk reduction and adequate patient counseling. Objectives: To identify risk factors for adverse obstetrical outcomes after appendectomy and cholecystectomy during pregnancy and stratify the risk of such outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cohort study was conducted using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, a nationally representative sample of patients discharged from community hospitals in the United States, from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2012...
January 18, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104401/leading-causes-of-preterm-delivery-as-risk-factors-for-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-very-preterm-infants-results-of-the-epipage-2-cohort-study
#8
Marie Chevallier, Thierry Debillon, Veronique Pierrat, Pierre Delorme, Gilles Kayem, Mélanie Durox, François Goffinet, Stephane Marret, Pierre Yves Ancel
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular hemorrhage is a major risk factor for neurodevelopmental disabilities in preterm infants. However, few studies have investigated how pregnancy complications responsible for preterm delivery are related to intraventricular hemorrhage. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the main causes of preterm delivery and intraventricular hemorrhage in very preterm infants born in France during 2011 between 22 and 31 weeks of gestation...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098674/diethylstilbestrol-potential-health-risks-for-women-exposed-in-utero-and-their-offspring
#9
J Leocadia Conlon
Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a synthetic estrogen given to pregnant women to prevent miscarriages and preterm labor; the drug was used between 1941 and 1971 in the United States and into the 1980s in other countries. DES exposure is associated with significant long-term health effects, including increased risk for breast cancer, cervical and vaginal clear cell adenocarcinoma, reproductive tract abnormalities, infertility, poor pregnancy outcomes, and early menopause. This article reviews the potential health risks associated with DES exposure, how to assess which patients are at risk, and management recommendations for patients exposed to DES...
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094234/association-between-preterm-labor-and-genitourinary-tract-infections-caused-by-trichomonas-vaginalis-mycoplasma-hominis-gram-negative-bacilli-and-coryneforms
#10
Alaa El-Dien M S Hosny, Waleed El-Khayat, Mona T Kashef, Mohsen N Fakhry
BACKGROUND: Preterm labor (PTL) is responsible for most cases of neonatal death. In most of these cases, the causes of PTL have not been established although several risk factors have been described. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for PTL before 37 gestational weeks among Egyptian women. METHODS: In this case-control study, 117 pregnant women without risk factors for PTL were chosen. The control group (n=45) had term labor (gestational weeks≥37 weeks), and the case group (n=72) had PTL (gestational weeks < 37 weeks)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068594/prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#11
REVIEW
Loïc Sentilhes, Marie-Victoire Sénat, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Elie Azria, Guillaume Benoist, Julie Blanc, Gilles Brabant, Florence Bretelle, Stéphanie Brun, Muriel Doret, Chantal Ducroux-Schouwey, Anne Evrard, Gilles Kayem, Emeline Maisonneuve, Louis Marcellin, Stéphane Marret, Nicolas Mottet, Sabine Paysant, Didier Riethmuller, Patrick Rozenberg, Thomas Schmitz, Héloïse Torchin, Bruno Langer
In France, 60,000 neonates are born preterm every year (7.4%), half of them after the spontaneous onset of labor. Among preventable risk factors of spontaneous prematurity, only cessation of smoking is associated with decreased prematurity (level of evidence [LE]1). It is therefore recommended (Grade A). Routine screening and treatment of vaginal bacteriosis is not recommended in the general population (Grade A). The only population for which vaginal progesterone is recommended is that comprising asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies, no history of preterm delivery, and a short cervix at 16-24 weeks of gestation (Grade B)...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063263/three-dimensional-ultrasound-first-trimester-fetal-volume-measurement-and-its-relation-to-pregnancy-outcome
#12
Haitham A Torky, Asem A Moussa, Ali M Ahmad, Osama Dief, Manar A Eldesoouky, Ahmed S El-Gayed
AIM OF WORK: To determine whether fetal volume (FV) measured by three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound was able to detect fetuses at risk of low birth weight (primary outcome) and/or preterm labor (secondary outcome). METHODS: One hundred pregnant women carrying a singleton living pregnancy who were sure of dates, and had a dating scan, with gestational age between 11 weeks and 13 weeks+6 days coming for routine first trimester nuchal translucency (NT) were examined by both two-dimensional (2D) and 3D ultrasound (Vocal System) for crown-rump length (CRL) and FV then followed up regularly every 4 weeks until 28 weeks then biweekly until 36 weeks then weekly until delivery both clinically and by ultrasound biometry...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052083/pregnancy-outcomes-after-treatment-for-cervical-cancer-precursor-lesions-an-observational-study
#13
Sheila Weinmann, Allison Naleway, Geeta Swamy, Girishanthy Krishnarajah, Bhakti Arondekar, Jovelle Fernandez, Evan Myers
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether surgical procedures involving the uterine cervix were associated with pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth, low birth weight, cesarean delivery and pregnancy loss. DESIGN: Population-based observational study nested in retrospective matched cohort. SETTING: Kaiser Permanente Northwest integrated health plan in Oregon/Washington, U.S.A. POPULATION: Female health plan members age 14-53 years with documented pregnancies from 1998-2009...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034657/failure-of-physiologic-transformation-of-spiral-arteries-endothelial-and-trophoblast-cell-activation-and-acute-atherosis-in-the-basal-plate-of-the-placenta
#14
Carlos A Labarrere, Hector L Dicarlo, Elaine Bammerlin, James W Hardin, Yeon M Kim, Piya Chaemsaithong, David M Haas, Ghassan S Kassab, Roberto Romero
BACKGROUND: Failure of physiologic transformation of spiral arteries has been reported in preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, fetal death, and spontaneous preterm labor with intact or ruptured membranes. Spiral arteries with failure of physiologic transformation are prone to develop atherosclerotic-like lesions of atherosis. There are striking parallels between preeclampsia and atherosclerotic disease, and between lesions of atherosis and atherosclerosis. Endothelial activation, identified by intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression, is present in atherosclerotic-like lesions of heart transplantation, and is considered a manifestation of rejection...
December 26, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029462/-prediction-of-preterm-delivery-in-symptomatic-women-preterm-labor
#15
G Benoist
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictors of spontaneous preterm birth in case of preterm labor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature search in Medline and Cochrane databases and recommendations of international societies. Selection of studies in symptomatic women (with preterm labor). RESULTS: Preterm labor is defined as a clinical situation occurring between 22 and 36 weeks + 6 days, in which cervical changes are observed associated with uterine contractions, evolving spontaneously or not to preterm delivery (Professional consensus)...
October 28, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009330/failure-to-initiate-breastfeeding-among-high-risk-obstetrical-patients-who-intended-to-breastfeed
#16
L Cordero, R Oza-Frank, M Moore-Clingenpeel, M B Landon, C A Nankervis
BACKGROUND: In the US, at the time of discharge from the hospital, 79% of women had initiated breastfeeding. Intention to breastfeed is a strong predictor of breastfeeding initiation; however, we reported initiation failure in 45% of women with pregestational diabetes who intended to breastfeed. Information regarding intention and initiation among women with other high risk obstetrical conditions (HROB) remains scarce. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain demographic and clinical factors associated with breastfeeding initiation failure among women with HROB conditions who intended to breastfeed...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997053/cervical-length-screening-for-prevention-of-preterm-birth-in-singleton-pregnancies-with-threatened-preterm-labor-a-cochrane-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-using-individual-patient-level-data
#17
REVIEW
Vincenzo Berghella, Montse Palacio, Amen Ness, Zarko Alfirevic, Kypros Nicolaides, Gabriele Saccone
OBJECTIVE: Cervical length screening by transvaginal ultrasound has been shown to be a good predictive test for spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) in symptomatic singleton pregnancies with threatened preterm labor (PTL). The aim of this Cochrane review and meta-analysis of individual participant data was to evaluate the effect of using knowledge of transvaginal ultrasound cervical length (TVU CL) in preventing PTB in singleton pregnancies presenting with threatened PTL. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register and the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field's Trials Register (May 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies...
December 20, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990085/the-association-between-level-of-maternal-serum-leptin-in-the-third-trimester-and-the-occurrence-of-moderate-preterm-labor
#18
Fereshteh Fakor, Seyedeh Hajar Sharami, Forozan Milani, Fariba Mirblouk, Sodabeh Kazemi, Davoud Pourmarzi, Hannan Ebrahimi, Seyedeh Fatemeh Dalil Heirati
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between the level of maternal serum leptin and the occurrence of moderate preterm labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a case control study conducted on pregnant women referred to Al-Zahra Hospital in Rasht, north of Iran in 2013. Cases included 30 moderate preterm delivering women and 30 control pregnant women with the same gestational age. The maternal serum leptin was measured for each mother at the time of entering the study...
2016: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926659/macroprolactinomas-and-nonfunctioning-pituitary-adenomas-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#19
Kimberley Lambert, Kate Rees, Paul T Seed, Mandish K Dhanjal, Marian Knight, David R McCance, Catherine Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the monitoring, management, and outcomes of pituitary tumors in pregnancy. METHODS: A national, prospective, observational, population-based case series study was conducted in all U.K. consultant-led obstetric units over 3 years using the U.K. Obstetric Surveillance System. To evaluate rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes, women with a macroprolactinoma (10 mm or greater) or nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma, diagnosed before or during pregnancy, were compared with two comparison groups: 1) a U...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925622/relation-between-amniotic-fluid-infection-or-cytokine-levels-and-hearing-screen-failure-in-infants-at-32-wk-gestation-or-less
#20
Eun Young Jung, Byung Yoon Choi, Jihye Rhee, Jaehong Park, Soo-Hyun Cho, Kyo Hoon Park
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the presence of intra-amniotic infection and elevated proinflammatory cytokine levels in amniotic fluid (AF) are associated with failure in the newborn hearing screen (NHS) test in very preterm neonates. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 112 premature singleton neonates born to women with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes at ≤32 wk. AF obtained through amniocentesis was cultured, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8 levels were determined...
December 7, 2016: Pediatric Research
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