keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351738/oscillometric-blood-pressure-by-age-and-height-for-non-overweight-children-and-adolescents-in-lubumbashi-democratic-republic-of-congo
#1
Emmanuel Kiyana Muyumba, Dophra Ngoy Nkulu, Clarence Kaut Mukeng, Jacques Mbaz Musung, Placide Kambola Kakoma, Christian Ngama Kakisingi, Oscar Numbi Luboya, Françoise Kaj Malonga, Justin Kalungwe Kizonde, Olivier Mukuku, Weili Yan
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of hypertension in children is complex because based on normative values by sex, age and height, and these values vary depending on the environment. Available BP references used, because of the absence of local data, do not correspond to our pediatric population. Accordingly, our study aimed to provide the BP threshold for children and adolescents in Lubumbashi (DRC) and to compare them with German (KIGGS study), Polish (OLAF study) and Chinese (CHNS study) references...
January 19, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351715/the-impact-of-migration-background-on-the-health-outcomes-of-preschool-children-linking-a-cross-sectional-survey-to-the-school-entrance-health-examination-database-in-bavaria-germany
#2
Thu Giang Le Thi, Annette Heißenhuber, Thomas Schneider, Rebekka Schulz, Caroline Eva Wella Herr, Uta Nennstiel-Ratzel, Gabriele Hölscher
AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated the impact of migration background on the health outcomes of preschool children from families of various social status levels. METHODS: During the school entrance health examination (Schuleingangsuntersuchung (SEU)) from October 2012 to August 2013, the parents of 5052 preschool children (62% response rate) participated in a cross-sectional health survey within the framework of health-monitoring units (Gesundheits-Monitoring-Einheiten (GME)) in Bavaria, Germany...
January 19, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350758/obesity-and-pediatric-drug-development
#3
Janelle D Vaughns, Laurie S Conklin, Ying Long, Panli Zheng, Fahim Faruque, Dionna J Green, John N van den Anker, Gilbert J Burckart
There is a lack of dosing guidelines for use in obese children. Moreover, the impact of obesity on drug safety and clinical outcomes is poorly defined. The paucity of information needed for the safe and effective use of drugs in obese patients remains a problem, even after drug approval. To assess the current incorporation of obesity as a covariate in pediatric drug development, the pediatric medical and clinical pharmacology reviews under the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Amendments Act of 2007 and the FDA Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA) of 2012 were reviewed for obesity studies...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349100/vitamin-d-deficiency-associated-with-markers-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-children-with-obesity
#4
Marisa Censani, Hoda T Hammad, Paul J Christos, Tiffany Schumaker
Adult studies have reported associations of low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) with dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease; however, there are scarce pediatric data regarding relationships between vitamin D status and specific lipid markers affecting cardiovascular risk. In this cross-sectional study of children evaluated at university-based pediatric endocrinology clinics, 178 patients meeting criteria for overweight or obesity had 25OHD levels assessed over a 2-year period; 60 of 178 had non-HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol and fasting lipid parameters performed...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347948/prenatal-exposure-to-persistent-organic-pollutants-and-child-overweight-obesity-at-5-year-follow-up-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Hilde B Lauritzen, Tricia L Larose, Torbjørn Øien, Torkjel M Sandanger, Jon Ø Odland, Margot van de Bor, Geir W Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs), may influence offspring weight gain. More prospective epidemiological studies are needed to compliment the growing body of evidence from animal studies. METHODS: Serum from 412 pregnant Norwegian and Swedish women participating in a Scandinavian prospective cohort study were collected in 1986-88, and analyses of two perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and five organochlorines (OCs) were conducted...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346793/epicardial-fat-thickness-in-non-obese-neurologically-impaired-children-association-with-unfavorable-cardiometabolic-risk-profile
#6
Valeria Calcaterra, Hellas Cena, Pietro Mariano Casali, Gianluca Iacobellis, Riccardo Albertini, Mara De Amici, Annalisa de Silvestri, Calogero Comparato, Gloria Pelizzo
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk is reported in disabled children and epicardial fat (EF) is considered an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). No data on the EF thickness (EFT) evaluation in disabled children have been published. OBJECTIVE: We investigated EFT in neurologically impaired (NI) children; its relationship with their metabolic profile was also considered. METHODS: Clinical data, body composition estimation, biochemical profile, and ultrasound-measured EFT were performed in 32 disabled patients (12...
January 18, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346357/type-of-cows-milk-consumption-and-relationship-to-health-predictors-in-new-zealand-preschool-children
#7
Hajar Mazahery, Carlos A Camargo, Carolyn Cairncross, Lisa A Houghton, Cameron C Grant, Jane Coad, Cathryn A Conlon, Pamela R von Hurst
AIMS: New Zealand dietary guidelines recommend children from two years of age consume low- or reduced-fat milk. We aimed to investigate the predictors of type of milk consumption in preschool children. METHODS: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional study which enrolled preschool children (2-<5 years, n=1,329) from throughout New Zealand. RESULTS: Cows' milk was consumed regularly by 88% of children. Of these, 26% consumed plain low- or reduced-fat milk, while 74% consumed full-fat milk...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346302/smart-device-based-notifications-to-promote-healthy-behavior-related-to-childhood-obesity-and-overweight
#8
Gustavo López, Iván González, Elitania Jimenez-Garcia, Jesús Fontecha, Jose A Brenes, Luis A Guerrero, José Bravo
Obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century and it is a threat to the life of people according to World Health Organization. In this scenario, family environment is important to establish healthy habits which help to reduce levels of obesity and control overweight in children. However, little efforts have been focused on helping parents to promote and have healthy lifestyles. In this paper, we present two smart device-based notification prototypes to promote healthy behavior with the aim of avoiding childhood overweight and obesity...
January 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346138/obesity-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Edward Nehus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent advances in the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical features, and treatment of obesity-related kidney disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have confirmed that obesity is associated with increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD). This risk extends to those who are metabolically healthy, indicating that obesity per se contributes to CKD independent of the metabolic syndrome. Recent developments in the pathophysiology of obesity-related kidney disease indicate that chronic inflammation and abnormal lipid metabolism contribute to kidney cell injury...
January 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345113/intervention-for-childhood-obesity-based-on-parents-only-or-parents-and-child-compared-with-follow-up-alone
#10
M Yackobovitch-Gavan, D Wolf Linhard, N Nagelberg, I Poraz, S Shalitin, M Phillip, J Meyerovitch
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the effects of family-based interventions targeted to parents only or to parents-and-child for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity. METHOD: An open-label randomized study was conducted in 247 children (166 girls, 5-11 years) with body mass index (BMI) in the 85-98th percentile. Participants were allocated to three groups: parents-only (n = 89), parents-and-child (n = 84) and follow-up alone (n = 74). The intervention consisted of 12 once-weekly meetings with a dietician and psychologist...
January 17, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344632/factors-associated-with-outcomes-and-costs-after-pediatric-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#11
Gileh-Gol Akhtar-Danesh, Aristithes G Doumouras, Cecily Bos, Helene Flageole, Dennis Hong
Importance: The prevalence of pediatric cholelithiasis is increasing with the epidemic of childhood obesity. With this rise, the outcomes and costs of pediatric laparoscopic cholecystectomy become an important public health and economic concern. Objective: To assess patient and health system factors associated with the outcomes and costs after laparoscopic cholecystectomy among Canadian children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a retrospective, population-based study of children 17 years and younger undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy from April 1, 2008, until March 31, 2015...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344032/neck-circumference-percentiles-of-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-caspian-iv-study
#12
Mostafa Hosseini, Mohammad Esmail Motlagh, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Mostafa Qorbani, Neamatollah Ataei, Hamid Asayesh, Mehdi Yaseri, Rasool Mohammadi, Masoud Baikpour, Arash Abbasi, Roya Kelishadi
Background: Neck circumference (NC), emerging as a key morphological index for pediatric obesity, is associated with obesity- and overweight-related detrimental conditions in children. In this study, we aimed to provide the age- and sex-specific percentile reference values for neck circumference of the Iranian children and adolescents. Methods: We used the data gathered through the weight disorders survey of CASPIAN IV study conducted in 2011 - 2012 in Iran, including a total of 21954 Iranian children and adolescents, composed of 10750 girls and 11204 boys, aged 7 - 18 years old...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344031/age-period-cohort-analysis-of-obesity-and-overweight-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents
#13
Mostafa Hosseini, Roya Kelishadi, Masoud Baikpour, Neamatollah Ataei, Mostafa Qorbani, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad-Esmail Motlagh, Behnaz Bazargani, Arash Abbasi, Kazem Mohammad
Background: To date, few studies looked upon obesity and overweight in children and adolescents through the 3 different temporal dimensions of age, period, and cohort. The current study aimed at evaluating the trends of these health issues among children under 19 years old using the age-period-cohort (APC) analysis. Methods: Data gathered through 5 cross sectional studies including 2 national health surveillance (1990 - 91 and 1999), and 3 CASPIAN surveys (2003, 2009, and 2011)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343227/associations-among-maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-gestational-weight-gain-and-risk-of-autism-in-the-han-chinese-population
#14
Yidong Shen, Huixi Dong, Xiaozi Lu, Nan Lian, Guanglei Xun, Lijuan Shi, Lu Xiao, Jingping Zhao, Jianjun Ou
BACKGROUND: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an unclear etiology. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) have been suggested to play a role in the etiology of autism. The current study explores the associations among maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, GWG and the risk of autism in the Han Chinese population. METHODS: Demographic information, a basic medical history and information regarding maternal pre-pregnancy and pregnancy conditions were collected from the parents of 705 Han Chinese children with autism and 2236 unrelated typically developing children...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343161/addressing-the-social-determinants-of-health-a-call-to-action-for-school-nurses
#15
Krista Schroeder, Susan Kohl Malone, Ellen McCabe, Terri Lipman
Social determinants of health (SDOH), the conditions in which children are born, grow, live, work or attend school, and age, impact child health and contribute to health disparities. School nurses must consider these factors as part of their clinical practice because they significantly and directly influence child well-being. We provide clinical guidance for addressing the SDOH when caring for children with three common health problems (obesity, insufficient sleep, and asthma). Given their unique role as school-based clinical experts, care coordinators, and student advocates, school nurses are well suited to serve as leaders in addressing SDOH...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342981/current-evidence-on-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-what-does-the-evidence-from-saudi-arabia-tell-us
#16
Asma M Alaklabi, Naser A Alsharairi
Obesity and vitamin D deficiency represent major health problems among Saudi children, and have been linked to chronic diseases. Obese children are at risk of developing vitamin D deficiency, which appears to have negative influences on energy homeostasis, impeded bone mineralisation, insulin resistance and inflammation. Evidence supporting the association between vitamin D deficiency of obese children and metabolic syndrome has not specifically been studied in early childhood. The mechanisms through which vitamin D deficiency is associated with metabolic syndrome in obese children needs further elucidation...
January 15, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341395/health-of-southern-tasmanian-4-to-6-year-old-children-in-out-of-home-care-compared-to-peers
#17
Marie Rauter, Anagha Jayakar, Tom Clemens, Zaharenia Galanos, Louise Newbery, Andrew Whelan
AIM: To compare the health of 4- to 6-year-old children in out-of-home care (OOHC) in Southern Tasmania with their peers. METHODS: Demographic and health data collection and prospective health assessment of all 4- to 6-year olds in OOHC in Southern Tasmania on 30 August 2011 was undertaken. Data were compared to Tasmanian and/or Australian peers. RESULTS: A total of 109 of 129 children aged 4 to 6 years were included in the study. Time in OOHC was on average 38 (range 0-76) months...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341385/biological-and-behavioral-correlates-of-body-weight-status-among-rural-northeast-brazilian-schoolchildren
#18
Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, Marcos André Moura Dos Santos, Marcelus Brito Almeida, Isabele Goes Nobre, Gabriela Goes Nobre, Wylla Tatiana Ferreira E Silva, Thayse Natacha Gomes, José António Ribeiro Maia, Carol Góis Leandro
OBJECTIVES: The increase in the prevalence of overweight/obesity in youth is a public health problem worldwide; however, few studies have investigated its prevalence and correlates in children from the Brazilian Northeast region rural zone. The purpose of this study was (1) to estimate the prevalence of children's weight status according to sex, age, and birth weight categories; and (2) to investigate the links between biological and behavioral factors and weight categories. METHODS: The sample comprises 501 children (248 girls), aged 7-10 years, classified as low weight, normal weight, overweight, and obese using body mass index cut-points...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341046/reduced-growth-hormone-secretion-is-associated-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-obese-children
#19
Shuang Liang, Zhen Yu, Xiaobo Song, Yu Wang, Meng Li, Jiang Xue
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between arginine-levodopa-induced growth hormone (GH) secretion and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese children. This study includes a total of 84 obese and 43 normal weight children. The obese subjects are divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of NAFLD. Clinical examination, anthropometric and laboratory examinations, and liver ultrasonography are assessed for all participants. The obese group had significantly lower peak stimulated GH (p<0...
January 16, 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340906/an-exploratory-study-on-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-obesity-and-dieting-proneness
#20
Elizabeth A Claydon, Keith J Zullig, Christa L Lilly, Stephanie C Zerwas, Danielle M Davidov, Lesley Cottrell, Marney A White
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research exploring individuals' memories of parental dieting behavior, engagement in "fat talk", or criticism of weight or eating behavior in childhood. This exploratory study utilized a community sample to further characterize the retrospective report of parenting dieting behavior. METHODS: A total of 507 participants (78.1% females; 20.7% males; and 1.2% transgender) were recruited to participate in an online, self-administered survey...
January 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
keyword
keyword
98477
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"