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Obesity in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783222/-analysis-of-the-extension-of-childhood-expectations-and-evaluation-of-the-risks-of-the-development-of-diseases-associated-with-overweight
#1
Dmytro D Dyachuk, Iryna E Zabolotna, Yuri B Yaschenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Prevention of obesity in childhood is considered one of the main areas of primary prevention of non-infectious diseases. The aim: determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school-age children, and analyze the risk of developing concomitant excess body weight and obesity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study was conducted among 1103 schoolchildren aged 7-17 years, of which 552 girls (50.1%) and 551 boys (49...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781227/body-mass-index-standard-deviation-score-and-obesity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-nordic-countries-hba-1c-and-other-predictors-of-increasing-bmisds
#2
N H Birkebaek, J Kahlert, R Bjarnason, A K Drivvoll, A Johansen, E Konradsdottir, A Pundziute-Lyckå, U Samuelsson, T Skrivarhaug, J Svensson
BACKGROUND: Intensified insulin therapy may increase body weight and cause obesity. This study compared body mass index standard deviation score (BMISDS) and obesity rate in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, and uncovered predictors for increasing BMISDS. METHODS: Data registered in the Nordic national childhood diabetes databases during the period 2008-2012 on children below 15 years with T1D for more than three months were compiled, including information on gender, age, diabetes duration, HbA1c , insulin dose, severe hypoglycemia (SH), treatment modality, height and weight...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780825/changes-in-cholinesterase-activity-in-blood-of-adolescent-with-metabolic-syndrome-after-supplementation-with-extract-from-aronia-melanocarpa
#3
Piotr Duchnowicz, Anna Ziobro, Elżbieta Rapacka, Maria Koter-Michalak, Bożena Bukowska
Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are growing problems among children and adolescents. There are no reports of changes in the activity of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) in children and adolescents with metabolic syndrome especially after supplementation with extract from Aronia melanocarpa . Materials studied included plasma and erythrocytes isolated from peripheral blood of patients with MetS and healthy subjects. We have estimated the following parameters: acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity, lipid peroxidation and lipids levels in plasma, and erythrocytes membrane...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780809/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-adults-with-children-in-the-home
#4
Ashley H White, Shirley A James, Sjonna W Paulson, Laura A Beebe
Introduction: Consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSB)s has been linked with adult and childhood obesity, an increasing health burden in the United States. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with the consumption of SSBs among Oklahoma adults with children in the home. Methods: A random sample of 1,118 Oklahoma adults with children in the home participated in a survey about their SSB consumption between August and October, 2015. We calculated weighted prevalence estimates and examined the relationship between types of SSBs consumed and covariates of interest using logistic regression techniques appropriate for survey data...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780761/a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-in-barcelona-poiba-project-study-protocol-of-the-intervention
#5
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Olga Juárez, Gemma Serral, Sara Valmayor, Rosa Puigpinós, María Isabel Pasarín, Élia Díez, Carles Ariza
Background: Childhood obesity preventive interventions should promote a healthy diet and physical activity at home and school. This study aims to describe a school-based childhood obesity preventive programme (POIBA Project) targeting 8-to-12- year-olds. Design and methods: Evaluation study of a school-based intervention with a pre-post quasi-experimental design and a comparison group. Schools from disadvantaged neighbourhoods are oversampled. The intervention consists of 9 sessions, including 58 activities of a total duration between 9 and 13 hours, and the booster intervention of 2 sessions with 8 activities lasting 3 or 4 hours...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780741/estimation-of-dental-and-bone-age-in-obese-children-of-south-india
#6
Shaji T Varghese, Vinod Kumar, Sam Paul, Lijo K Jose, Tom Mathew, Sabin Siddique
Aim: Determination of skeletal and dental age is very essential for Pediatric dentist and orthodontist to formulate a treatment plan, and it is a source of supplemental information for Pediatrics, Orthopedics, and Forensics. There are no available studies in the literature about the comparison of dental and bone age with chronological age in obese children of south India. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate and compare dental age, bone age, and chronological age in obese children of south India...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779834/economic-evaluation-of-a-multi-disciplinary-community-based-intervention-programme-for-new-zealand-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#7
Yvonne C Anderson, William Leung, Cameron C Grant, Tami L Cave, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Nicola M Pereira, Paul L Hofman, Trudy A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Whānau Pakari, a home-based, 12-month multi-disciplinary child obesity intervention programme was cost-effective when compared with the prior conventional hospital-based model of care. METHODS: Whānau Pakari trial participants were recruited January 2012-August 2014, and randomised to either a high-intensity intervention (weekly sessions for 12 months with home-based assessments and advice, n=100) or low-intensity control (home-based assessments and advice only, n=99)...
May 17, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779266/associations-of-mental-health-with-cardiovascular-risk-phenotypes-and-adiposity-in-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study
#8
Kate Lycett, Clare McNamara, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, Jessica A Kerr, Josh Muller, Melissa Wake
AIM: Cardiovascular disease and mental illness commonly co-occur in later life, but it is unknown how early these associations arise. We aimed to determine the extent to which: (i) childhood mental health is associated with functional and structural cardiovascular risk phenotypes and adiposity in late childhood/adolescence, and (ii) associations between mental health and cardiovascular phenotypes may be explained by differential body mass index. METHODS: This cross-sectional study drew on three longitudinal community-based cohort studies (two enriched for overweight/obesity) in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, with harmonized follow-up in 2014...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778907/association-of-the-fto-fat-mass-and-obesity-associated-gene-rs9939609-polymorphism-with-rewarding-value-of-food-and-eating-behavior-in-chilean-children
#9
Ana Maria Obregón Rivas, Jose L Santos, Macarena A Valladares, Jameson Cameron, Gary Goldfield
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the single-nucleotide polymorphism rs9939609 in the FTO gene and homeostatic/non-homeostatic eating behavior patterns in Chilean children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 258 children (44% female; 8-14 y of age). Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, Z-score of height, body mass index, and waist circumference) were performed. Eating behavior was assessed using the Eating in Absence of Hunger Questionnaire; the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire; the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire, and the Food Reinforcement Value Questionnaire...
March 27, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778496/ascorbic-acid-co-administered-with-rosuvastatin-reduces-reproductive-impairment-in-the-male-offspring-from-male-rats-exposed-to-the-statin-at-pre-puberty
#10
Gabriel Adan Araújo Leite, Thamiris Moreira Figueiredo, Marina Trevizan Guerra, Cibele Dos Santos Borges, Fábio Henrique Fernandes, Janete Aparecida Anselmo-Franci, Wilma De Grava Kempinas
Obesity during childhood and adolescence is closely related to dysfunctions on lipid profile in children. Rosuvastatin is a statin that decreases serum total cholesterol. Ascorbic acid is an important antioxidant compound for male reproduction. Pre-pubertal male rats were distributed into six experimental groups that received saline solution 0.9% (vehicle), 3 or 10 mg/kg/day of rosuvastatin, 150 mg/day of ascorbic acid, or 3 or 10 mg/kg/day of rosuvastatin co-administered with 150 mg/day of ascorbic acid by gavage from post-natal day (PND)23 until PND53...
May 17, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777245/growth-assessment-and-monitoring-during-childhood
#11
Fabian Yap, Yung Seng Lee, Marion Margaret Hy Aw
Growth is an indicator of the health and nutritional status of infants and children. Health organisations and professionals worldwide advocate monitoring the growth of children with the primary aim of identifying and preventing malnutrition and/or obesity. Growth monitoring should be part of every health care consultation for children. However, physicians during health care consultations are often so busy addressing acute health issues, that they miss the opportunity to monitor the child's growth and provide anticipatory guidance...
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777231/dietary-protein-intake-in-school-age-children-and-detailed-measures-of-body-composition-the-generation-r-study
#12
Vincent Jen, Leonidas G Karagounis, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Trudy Voortman
BACKGROUND: A high-protein diet in infancy increases the risk of obesity, but the effects of dietary protein intake in mid-childhood on body composition are unclear. Therefore, we studied associations of protein intake (total, animal and plant-sourced) at 8 years of age with anthropometric measures and body composition up to age 10 years. METHODS: We included 3991 children of the Generation R Study, a prospective cohort in the Netherlands. Dietary protein intake was assessed at 8 years of age using a food-frequency questionnaire and is expressed in energy percentage (E%)...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777226/genetic-contribution-to-waist-to-hip-ratio-in-mexican-children-and-adolescents-based-on-12-loci-validated-in-european-adults
#13
Michelle Turcotte, Arkan Abadi, Jesus Peralta-Romero, Fernando Suarez, Hudson Reddon, Jaime Gomez-Zamudio, Ana I Burguete-Garcia, Miguel Cruz, David Meyre
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of abdominal obesity in Mexican children has risen dramatically in the past decade. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) performed predominantly in European descent adult  populations have identified multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with larger effects in women. The contribution of these SNPs to WHR in non-European children is unknown. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Mexican children and adolescents (N = 1421, 5-17 years) were recruited in Mexico City...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776476/institute-of-medicine-early-infant-feeding-recommendations-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-implementation-by-immigrant-mothers-from-central-america
#14
Kathleen F Gaffney, Albert V Brito, Panagiota Kitsantas, Deborah A Kermer, Graciela Pereddo, Katya M Ramos
PURPOSES: Describe implementation of Institute of Medicine (IOM) early infant feeding recommendations for child obesity prevention by immigrant mothers from Central America; examine potential relationships with food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional, descriptive design, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 318 mothers of 2month old infants at a large pediatric setting for low income families. Logistic regression models assessed feeding practices, food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776347/stabilization-of-the-obesity-epidemic-and-increasing-thinness-in-children-in-caribbean-bonaire
#15
Joana Kist-van Holthe, Tirza Blom, Laura Melchers, Alcira Janga-Jansen, Tahirih van Kanten, Marian Luinstra-Passchier, Teatske Altenburg, Remy HiraSing, Mai Chinapaw
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children in Bonaire was twice as high as the prevalence in northern Europe but comparable to that of other Caribbean islands and the United States. The aim of this study was to examine change in the body mass index status of children in Bonaire and report children's energy balance-related behaviours (EBRB) in 2015. METHODS: Two school-based cross sectional surveys of children age 4-14 years were conducted in 2008 and 2015...
May 17, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775456/maternal-obesogenic-diet-induces-endometrial-hyperplasia-an-early-hallmark-of-endometrial-cancer-in-a-diethylstilbestrol-mouse-model
#16
Theresa O Owuor, Michaela Reid, Lauren Reschke, Ian Hagemann, Suellen Greco, Zeel Modi, Kelle H Moley
Thirty-eight percent of US adult women are obese, meaning that more children are now born of overweight and obese mothers, leading to an increase in predisposition to several adult onset diseases. To explore this phenomenon, we developed a maternal obesity animal model by feeding mice a diet composed of high fat/ high sugar (HF/HS) and assessed both maternal diet and offspring diet on the development of endometrial cancer (ECa). We show that maternal diet by itself did not lead to ECa initiation in wildtype offspring of the C57Bl/6J mouse strain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774708/-communicating-data-of-the-italian-ninfea-birth-cohort
#17
Lorenzo Richiardi, Maja Popovic, Daniela Zugna, Franca Rusconi, Franco Merletti, Costanza Pizzi
"In March 2016, the website of the NINFEA project (an Internet-based cohort set up to investigate the effects of exposures acting early in life) was enriched with the section «Data», which reports aggregated data for selected variables of the cohort. This article discusses the rationale for this new section, available data and their possible uses are described, and some results are compared with figures accessible from surveillance studies. The Italian birth cohort NINFEA includes 7,500 pregnant women, recruited through the Internet from 2005 to June 2016, and of their children, followed up with repeated questionnaires...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774210/hypertension-in-children-role-of-obesity-simple-carbohydrates-and-uric-acid
#18
REVIEW
Antonina Orlando, Emanuela Cazzaniga, Marco Giussani, Paola Palestini, Simonetta Genovesi
Over the past 60 years there has been a dramatic increase in the prevalence of overweight in children and adolescents, ranging from 4% in 1975 to 18% in 2016. Recent estimates indicate that overweight or obese children and adolescents are more than 340 million. Obesity is often associated with hypertension, which is an important cardiovascular risk factor. Recent studies show that the presence of hypertension is a frequent finding in the pediatric age. Hypertensive children easily become hypertensive adults...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771759/finding-treatable-genetic-obesity-strategies-for-success
#19
Kristin Dayton, Jennifer Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Genetic obesity is responsible for up to 7% of severe childhood obesity. Although current Pediatric Endocrine Society guidelines recommend assessment of children with early-onset morbid obesity and hyperphagia for underlying genetic disorders, a vast majority of patients are not being appropriately screened for genetic obesity syndromes. RECENT FINDINGS: With advances in genetic testing, more genetic causes of obesity are being identified. Treatments are likely to be individualized, depending on the cause of the obesity, and must be targeted at addressing the underlying cause...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771599/clinical-characterization-of-children-with-resistant-airflow-obstruction-a-multicenter-study
#20
Sankaran Krishnan, Allen J Dozor, Leonard Bacharier, Jason E Lang, Charles G Irvin, David Kaminsky, Harold J Farber, Lynn Gerald, Mark Brown, Janet T Holbrook, Robert A Wise, Julie Ryu, Sonali Bose, Yasin Razan, Joy Saams, Robert J Henderson, William G Teague
OBJECTIVE: To characterize a cohort of children with airflow limitation resistant to bronchodilator (BD) therapy. METHODS: Pulmonary function tests performed in children 6-17 years of age at 15 centers in a clinical research consortium were screened for resistant airflow limitation, defined as a post-BD FEV1 and/or an FEV1 /FVC less than the lower limits of normal. Demographic and clinical data were analyzed for associations with pulmonary function. RESULTS: 582 children were identified...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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