keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226307/racial-ethnic-and-weight-status-disparities-in-dieting-and-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-among-early-adolescents
#1
Rachel F Rodgers, Karen E Peterson, Anne T Hunt, Jennifer L Spadano-Gasbarro, Tracy K Richmond, Mary L Greaney, S Bryn Austin
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether racial/ethnic minority early adolescents with overweight/obesity are at increased risk of disordered weight control behaviors, defined as unhealthy behaviors aiming to control or modify shape and weight, ranging from self-induced vomiting to the use of dietary supplements. METHODS: U.S. Middle school children (n=12.511) provided self-report of gender, race/ethnicity, height, and weight as well as dieting and disordered weight control behaviors...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226031/evaluation-of-clinical-and-laboratory-markers-of-cardiometabolic-risk-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#2
Heloísa Marcelina da Cunha Palhares, Adriana Paula da Silva, Daniela Cristina Silva Resende, Gilberto de Araújo Pereira, Virmondes Rodrigues, Maria de Fátima Borges
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the frequency of cardiometabolic risk markers and metabolic syndrome occurrence in overweight and obese children and adolescents. METHODS: The participants included 161 overweight (n=65) and obese (n=96) individuals aged between 5 and 19 years. Clinical markers were assessed (body mass index, body fat percentage, waist circumference, acanthosis, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, laboratory parameters [glucose, insulin, cholesterol (total and fractions) and triglyceride levels and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index] and leptin and adiponectin levels)...
January 1, 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224090/vitamin-d-deficiency-insufficiency-from-childhood-to-adulthood-insights-from-a-sunny-country
#3
REVIEW
Motti Haimi, Richard Kremer
Vitamin D is known to be a key regulator of bone metabolism and is associated with muscle strength. Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent worldwide. In adults, vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in numerous health conditions including osteoporosis, cancer, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases. Considerable changes have occurred in lifestyles and childhood activities in the past years. Studies have shown that the children population is at high risks of vitamin D deficiency. The objective of this study was to learn about the extent of vitamin D deficiency in children worldwide and especially in sunny country like Israel...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223816/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents-living-in-mthatha-south-africa
#4
Morongwe Annah Sekokotla, Nandu Goswami, Constance Rufaro Sewani-Rusike, Jehu Erapu Iputo, Benedicta Ngwenchi Nkeh-Chungag
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), defined as the clustering of three of five risk factors (hypertension, obesity, triglyceridemia, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia), is being increasingly mentioned among children and adolescents despite there being no consensus on how it should be defined in this set of population. Furthermore, very few studies have focused on MetS in children and adolescents in sub-Saharan populations. This study, therefore, aimed at determining the prevalence of the MetS and contributing risk in adolescents living in Mthatha, South Africa...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223085/self-perception-of-weight-status-and-its-association-with-weight-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-chinese%C3%A2-children-in-guangzhou
#5
Li Cai, Ting Zhang, Jun Ma, Lu Ma, Jin Jing, Yajun Chen
BACKGROUND: How weight perception influences weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in Chinese children is unknown. We investigated self-perception of body weight and its correlates, and analyzed the relationship between weight perception and weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in children in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: We assessed self-reported weight perception, weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in 3752 children aged 7-12 years...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222484/overweight-obese-underweight-and-frequency-of-sugar-consumption-as-risk-indicators-for-early-childhood-caries-in-brazilian-preschool-children
#6
Cecilia Claudia Costa Ribeiro, Mariana Carvalho Batista da Silva, Ana Margarida Melo Nunes, Erika Bárbara de Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Cadidja Dayane Sousa Carmo, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
BACKGROUND: A possible association between being overweight or obese and early childhood caries (ECC) remains controversial. AIM: To investigated this association in a developing country testing the confounding effects of socioeconomic factors and frequency of sugar consumption. METHODS: Historical cohort study, 388 children (aged 24-71 months) living in São Luís, Brazil. A theoretical model adjusted according to income, birthweight, and nutritional status at twelve months and frequency of sugar consumption was generated with directed acyclic graphs to analyze this association...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222101/costs-and-effects-of-a-state-wide-health-promotion-program-in-primary-schools-in-germany-the-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg-study-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Reinhold Kilian, Jürgen M Steinacker
AIM: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the state-wide implementation of the health promotion program "Join the Healthy Boat" in primary schools in Germany. METHODS: Cluster-randomized intervention trial with wait-list control group. Anthropometric data of 1733 participating children (7.1 ± 0.6 years) were taken by trained staff before and after a one year intervention period in the academic year 2010/11. Parents provided information about the health status, and the health behaviour of their children and themselves, parental anthropometrics, and socio-economic background variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221266/body-mass-index-and-the-association-with-vaso-occlusive-crises-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease
#8
Andrea Zivot, Nataly Apollonsky, Edward Gracely, Deepti Raybagkar
BACKGROUND: Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) historically have been underweight and have poor overall growth. Recent studies have demonstrated a trend toward obesity in pediatric SCD populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through retrospective chart review of patients with SCD followed at our center, we collected patient's data, including body mass index (BMI), weight percentiles, sickle cell genotype, baseline hemoglobin, medical and psychiatric comorbidities, 25-hydroxy vitamin D level, treatment with hydroxyurea, and chronic transfusions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220585/sleep-duration-is-associated-with-body-fat-and-muscle-mass-and-waist-to-height-ratio-beyond-conventional-obesity-parameters-in-korean-adolescent-boys
#9
Ga Eun Nam, Kyungdo Han, Do Hoon Kim, Jee Hyun Lee, Won Hee Seo
While evidence has supported a strong association between sleep duration and obesity globally, results from studies of children and adolescents have been conflicting, and information about a sex-specific association has been limited. This study aimed to investigate the association of sleep duration with various parameters of obesity among South Korean adolescents. This population-based, cross-sectional study analysed the data obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) 2009 and 2010...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220456/obesity-in-children-and-the-myth-of-psychological-maladjustment-self-esteem-in-the-spotlight
#10
REVIEW
Andrew J Hill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are contrasting views regarding the psychological well-being of children with obesity. Responding to limitations of existing evidence, Jane Wardle in 2005 argued for a 'myth of psychological maladjustment'. This review looks again at self-esteem. RECENT FINDINGS: The different characterisations of self-esteem each offer value. Global self-esteem is reduced in nearly all studies of youth with obesity. Dimensional self-esteem reveals physical appearance, athletic and social competence as the most affected areas, confirmed by research that has operationalised low self-competence...
February 20, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219402/validation-of-the-comprehensive-feeding-practice-questionnaire-among-school-aged-children-in-jordan-a-factor-analysis-study
#11
Walid A Al-Qerem, Jonathan Ling, Abdul Qader AlBawab
BACKGROUND: Obesity has become a significant worldwide contributor to morbidity with an alarming increase in the incidence of childhood obesity. Few studies have evaluated parental feeding practices and their impact on child obesity in the Middle East. The Comprehensive Feeding Practice questionnaire (CFPQ; Musher-Eizenman & Holub, 2007) has been validated in different age groups and in different countries, however no previous studies have validated the questionnaire in the Middle East...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218636/lobular-distribution-and-variability-in-hepatic-atp-binding-cassette-protein-b1-abcb1-p-gp-ontogenetic-differences-and-potential-for-toxicity
#12
Ngu Njei Abanda, Zoe Riches, Abby C Collier
The ATP Binding Cassette B1 (ABCB1) transporter has critical roles in endo- and xenobiotic efficacy and toxicity. To understand population variability in hepatic transport we determined ABCB1 mRNA and protein levels in total liver lysates sampled from 8 pre-defined sites (n = 24, 18-69 years), and in S9 from randomly acquired samples (n = 87, 7 days-87 years). ABCB1 levels did not differ significantly throughout individual livers and showed 4.4-fold protein variation between subjects. Neither mRNA nor protein levels varied with sex, ethnicity, obesity or triglycerides in lysates or S9 (that showed the same relationships), but protein levels were lower in pediatric S9 (p < 0...
February 17, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218628/childhood-obesity-screening-and-treatment-practices-of-pediatric-healthcare-providers
#13
Amanda Staiano, Arwen Marker, Michelle Liu, Ellery Hayden, Daniel Hsia, Stephanie Broyles
This study evaluated physicians' childhood obesity screening and treatment practices. A 26-question survey was delivered to pediatric providers in-person or via mail, e-mail, or fax throughout Louisiana. Fifty-seven providers completed the survey, the majority in primary care clinics. Five providers met at least four of seven clinical guidelines, but no provider met all of the guidelines. Whereas 88% of providers screened for obesity, 7% met guidelines for referring patients with obesity to weight management services...
January 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218164/prevalence-of-obesity-and-overweight-and-their-comparison-by-three-growth-standards-among-affluent-school-students-aged-8-18-years-in-rajkot
#14
T K M Eshwar, Rajesh K Chudasama, Subhasini T Eshwar, Dhara Thakrar
Obesity and overweight emerged as an important public health problem in India. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of obesity and overweight and compare it using three different standards among affluent school students aged 8-18 years from Rajkot, Gujarat. Anthropometric measurements of students of four schools from 3rd to 12th standards were taken. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was assessed using three standards - revised Indian Association of Pediatrics (IAP) 2015, WHO 2007, and International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) standards...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218067/melanocortin-4-receptor-gene-mutations-in-a-group-of-turkish-obese-children-and-adolescents
#15
Selma Tunç, Korcan Demir, Fatma Ajlan Tükün, Cihan Topal, Filiz Hazan, Burcu Sağlam, Özlem Nalbantoğlu, Melek Yıldız, Behzat Özkan
OBJECTIVE: Melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) mutations are the most common known cause of monogenic obesity but there is limited data regarding MC4R mutations in Turkish subjects. To determine the prevalence of MC4R mutations in a group of Turkish morbid obese children and adolescents. METHODS: MC4R was sequenced in 47 consecutive morbidly obese children and adolescents (28 girls and 19 boys, aged 1-18 years) who presented during a 1-year period. Inclusion criterion was a BMI ≥120% of the 95th percentile or ≥35 kg/m2...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217587/is-small-town-india-falling-into-the-nutritional-trap-of-metro-cities-a-study-in-school-going-adolescents
#16
Tabassum Nawab, Zulfia Khan, Iqbal Mohammed Khan, Mohammed Athar Ansari
INTRODUCTION: There has been an increasing secular trend in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in developing countries. The prevalence reported among children and adolescents of some metro cities in India are comparable to that in some developed countries. Westernization of culture, rapid mushrooming of fast food joints, lack of physical activity, and increasing sedentary pursuits in the metro cities are some of the reasons implicated for this. The nutritional changes in small town school children might be following the same pattern of larger cities...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217584/physical-activity-correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-school-going-children-of-dehradun-uttarakhand
#17
Madhavi Bhargava, S D Kandpal, Pradeep Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important for prevention of overweight and obesity in growing children. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to explore the association of overweight and obesity in school children of the district of Dehradun with physical activity, sports, and recreation at home and school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 1266 schoolchildren of select private and government schools in urban and rural areas was done...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217266/methodology-and-early-findings-of-the-fifth-survey-of-childhood-and-adolescence-surveillance-and-prevention-of-adult-noncommunicable-disease-the-caspian-v-study
#18
Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hasan Ziaodini, Mostafa Qorbani, Majzoubeh Taheri, Tahereh Aminaei, Azam Goodarzi, Asal Ataie-Jafari, Fatemeh Rezaei, Zeinab Ahadi, Gita Shafiee, Ali Shahsavari, Ramin Heshmat, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the methodology and early findings of the fifth survey of a school-based surveillance program in Iran. METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted in 2015 as the fifth survey of a surveillance program entitled "Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and PreventIon of Adult Non- communicable disease" (CASPIAN-V) study. The protocol was mainly based on the World Health Organization-Global School student Health Survey. We studied 14400 students, aged 7-18 years, and their parents living in 30 provinces in Iran...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216994/the-obesity-prevention-initiative-a-statewide-effort-to-improve-child-health-in-wisconsin
#19
Alexandra K Adams, Brian Christens, Amy Meinen, Amy Korth, Patrick L Remington, Sara Lindberg, Dale Schoeller
BACKGROUND/SIGNIFICANCE: Obesity rates have increased dramatically, especially among children and disadvantaged populations. Obesity is a complex issue, creating a compelling need for prevention efforts in communities to move from single isolated programs to comprehensive multisystem interventions. To address these issues, we have established a childhood Obesity Prevention Initiative (Initiative) for Wisconsin. This Initiative seeks to test community change frameworks that can support multisystem interventions and provide data for local action as a means for influencing policies, systems, and environments that support individuals' healthy eating and physical activity...
November 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216643/effect-of-an-obesity-prevention-program-focused-on-motivating-environments-in-childhood-a-school-based-prospective-study
#20
Y Yang, B Kang, E Y Lee, H K Yang, H-S Kim, S-Y Lim, J-H Lee, S-S Lee, B K Suh, K-H Yoon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There has been an increasing global recognition of the need for effective strategies to prevent and control childhood obesity. In this study, we aimed to identify the effectiveness of an obesity prevention program focused on motivating environments in school. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this school-based, prospective, quasi-experimental study, we enrolled three elementary (4th graders) and two middle (7th graders) schools located in Chungju, Korea...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
keyword
keyword
98477
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"