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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865498/the-effects-of-periparturient-administration-of-flunixin-meglumine-on-the-health-and-production-of-dairy-cattle
#1
N C Newby, K E Leslie, H D Putnam Dingwell, D F Kelton, D M Weary, L Neuder, S T Millman, T F Duffield
Research on the assessment and management of pain in cows following difficult or assisted calving is still limited, especially on the effects of analgesics intended to mitigate this pain. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of flunixin meglumine on the health and production of Holstein cows after calving. In total, 34 flunixin-treated and 38 placebo-treated animals were enrolled in a precalving treatment trial. A total of 633 animals given flunixin and 632 animals administered a placebo were enrolled in a postcalving treatment trial...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862405/decidualization-of-the-canine-uterus-from-early-until-late-gestational-in-vivo-morphological-observations-and-functional-characterization-of-immortalized-canine-uterine-stromal-cell-lines
#2
F R Graubner, I M Reichler, N A Rahman, R Payan-Carreira, A Boos, M P Kowalewski
The apparent lack of classical mechanisms for maternal recognition of pregnancy is one of the most intriguing features of canine reproduction. Consequently, similar levels of circulating luteal steroids are observed in pregnant and non-pregnant dogs. However, the early pre-implantation canine embryo locally modulates uterine responses to its presence, facilitating the successful onset of pregnancy. As a part of this interaction, the canine uterus undergoes a species-specific decidualization. Maternal stroma-derived decidual cells develop, the only cells of the canine placenta expressing progesterone receptor (PGR)...
November 15, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802134/from-the-stem-of-the-placental-tree-trophoblast-stem-cells-and-their-progeny
#3
REVIEW
Paulina Anna Latos, Myriam Hemberger
Trophoblast stem cells (TSCs) retain the capacity to self-renew indefinitely and harbour the potential to differentiate into all trophoblast subtypes of the placenta. Recent studies have shown how signalling cascades integrate with transcription factor circuits to govern the fine balance between TSC self-renewal and differentiation. In addition, breakthroughs in reprogramming strategies have enabled the generation of TSCs from fibroblasts, opening up exciting new avenues that may allow the isolation of this stem cell type from other species, notably humans...
October 15, 2016: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793454/the-association-of-plasma-glucose-bhba-and-nefa-with-postpartum-uterine-diseases-fertility-and-milk-production-of-holstein-dairy-cows
#4
M L S Bicalho, E C Marques, R O Gilbert, R C Bicalho
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between the metabolic indicators such as nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), and glucose during the transition period and the development of uterine diseases. In total, 181 Holstein dairy cows were enrolled in the study. Plasma glucose, NEFA, and BHBA concentrations were measured at -50, -6, 3, 7, and 14 days relative to parturition. All cows enrolled in the study were evaluated for retained placenta (RP), metritis, and endometritis...
January 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762056/parturition-effects-on-reproductive-health-in-the-gilt-and-sow
#5
Oat Peltoniemi, S Björkman, C Oliviero
In this review, we address significant characteristics of parturition in the pig and their connection to post-partum reproductive health and fertility. We discuss the normal physiology and behaviour around parturition and the effect of the second phase (expulsion of foetuses) on the third phase of parturition (expulsion of foetal membranes). In addition, we intend to cover retained placenta, and the connection to post-partum uterine health and fertility in the contemporary prolific sow. We also explore factors that support successful parturition or can cause potential problems...
October 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694537/microangiopathic-antiphospholipid-antibody-associated-syndrome-in-a-pregnant-lady
#6
G S Kew, J Cho, A Lateef
We describe a gravid 37-year-old Chinese lady with known triple positive primary antiphospholipid syndrome with previous recurrent deep vein thrombosis and early spontaneous miscarriages. She was managed with low-molecular weight heparin, aspirin, hydroxychloroquine, prednisolone and monthly intravenous immunoglobulin.She presented with recurrent per-vaginal bleeding at 22 weeks of gestation and was found to have abruptio placentae. Anti-coagulation was held off. She subsequently delivered a stillborn at 24 weeks and anti-coagulation was restarted...
October 1, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677547/different-routes-and-forms-of-uterotonics-for-treatment-of-retained-placenta-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Mohammad Ahmed Maher, Tarek Mohammad Sayyed, Nabih Ibrahim Elkhouly
OBJECTIVES: To compare between three different utertonics (oxytocin, carbetocin, and misoprostol) given via three different routes (intra-umbilical, intravenous, and sublingual, respectively) in reducing the need for manual removal of placenta. METHODS: A randomized trial for cases with retained placenta 30 minutes following vaginal delivery. They received intraumbilical oxytocin, intravenous carbetocin, or sublingual misoprostol. Main outcome measures were delivery of the placenta within 30 minutes following drug administration, and need for manual removal of placenta...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668209/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-combined-with-hysteroscopic-resection-to-treat-retained-placenta-accreta
#8
Jae-Seong Lee, Gi-Youn Hong, Byung-Joon Park, Hyejin Hwang, Rayon Kim, Tae-Eung Kim
We present a case of retained placenta accreta treated by high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation followed by hysteroscopic resection. The patient was diagnosed as submucosal myoma based on ultrasonography in local clinic. Pathologic examination of several pieces of tumor mass from the hysteroscopic procedure revealed necrotic chorionic villi with calcification. HIFU was performed using an ultrasound-guided HIFU tumor therapeutic system. The ultrasound machine had been used for real-time monitoring of the HIFU procedure...
September 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663364/periparturient-immunosuppression-and-strategies-to-improve-dairy-cow-health-during-the-periparturient-period
#9
REVIEW
J W Aleri, B C Hine, M F Pyman, P D Mansell, W J Wales, B Mallard, A D Fisher
Common health problems observed during peripartum include milk fever, mastitis, fatty liver disease, ketosis, dystocia, retained placenta, metritis, hypomagnesaemia and abomasal displacements. The increased incidence of health problems observed during the periparturient period can be partly attributed to suboptimal immune responses. Factors contributing to decreased periparturient immunity include the act of parturition itself, impaired leukocytic activity, effects of colostrogenesis and lactogenesis, and associated hypocalcemia and negative energy balance...
October 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638261/better-postpartal-performance-in-dairy-cows-supplemented-with-rumen-protected-methionine-compared-with-choline-during-the-peripartal-period
#10
Z Zhou, M Vailati-Riboni, E Trevisi, J K Drackley, D N Luchini, J J Loor
The onset of lactation in dairy cows is characterized by high output of methylated compounds in milk when sources of methyl group are in short supply. Methionine and choline (CHOL) are key methyl donors and their availability during this time may be limiting for milk production, hepatic lipid metabolism, and immune function. Supplementing rumen-protected Met and CHOL may improve overall performance and health of transition cows. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of supplemental rumen-protected Met and CHOL on performance and health of transition cows...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628065/bovine-and-caprine-brucellosis-in-bangladesh-bayesian-evaluation-of-four-serological-tests-true-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-in-household-animals
#11
Md Shamim Ahasan, Md Siddiqur Rahman, A K M Anisur Rahman, Dirk Berkvens
A cross-sectional study was carried out to estimate the true prevalence of Brucella spp. and identify allied risk factors/indicators associated with brucellosis in the Dinajpur and Mymensingh districts of Bangladesh. A total 320 stratified random blood samples were collected and tested in parallel for Brucella antibodies using Rose Bengal (RBT), slow agglutination (SAT), and indirect and competitive ELISA. In addition, a structured questionnaire was administered to each household herd owner to gather information regarding potential risk factors...
September 15, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597948/association-between-prepartum-feeding-behavior-and-periparturient-health-disorders-in-dairy-cows
#12
Karen M Luchterhand, Paula R B Silva, Ricardo C Chebel, Marcia I Endres
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between prepartum feeding behavior, measured as time spent feeding per day, and periparturient health disorders, milk yield, milk composition, and milk somatic cell count in Jersey cows. Pregnant Jersey cows were marked with unique alphanumeric symbols and were moved into a prepartum group 4 weeks prior to their expected calving date. At enrollment, cows with a body condition score <2 or >4 or a locomotion score >3 were not included...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592442/clinical-response-after-chitosan-microparticle-administration-and-preliminary-assessment-of-efficacy-in-preventing-metritis-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#13
R Daetz, F Cunha, J H Bittar, C A Risco, F Magalhaes, Y Maeda, J E P Santos, K C Jeong, R F Cooke, K N Galvão
The objectives were to evaluate the clinical response to intrauterine administration of chitosan microparticles (CM) and to assess efficacy for preventing metritis in dairy cows. Holstein cows (n = 104; 40 primiparous and 64 multiparous) at increased risk for metritis (cows that had abortion, dystocia, twins, stillbirth, or retained placenta) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatments at 1 d in milk (DIM; 24 h postpartum): CM group (n = 52), daily intrauterine infusion of 8 g of CM dissolved in 40 mL of sterile water for 5 d; control (CON) group (n = 52), daily intrauterine infusion of 40 mL of sterile water for 5 d...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578054/postpartum-ultrasound-postpartum-assessment-using-ultrasonography
#14
Tomohiro Oba, Junichi Hasegawa, Akihiko Sekizawa
Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a potential cause of maternal mortality, and obstetricians must be prepared to rapidly diagnose and treat this condition. Optimal treatment is dependent upon the underlying cause of haemorrhage. Ultrasonography is the most helpful tool for prompt diagnosis of PPH aetiology and obstetricians must have a strong understanding of postpartum ultrasonography. In our previous report, we demonstrated the utility of ultrasonography using the focused assessment with sonography for obstetrics (FASO) technique (a modified version of FAST) as the primary postpartum obstetric survey...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560802/potentially-avoidable-peripartum-hysterectomies-in-denmark-a-population-based-clinical-audit
#15
Lotte Berdiin Colmorn, Lone Krebs, Jens Langhoff-Roos
OBJECTIVE: To audit the clinical management preceding peripartum hysterectomy and evaluate if peripartum hysterectomies are potentially avoidable and by which means. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We developed a structured audit form based on explicit criteria for the minimal mandatory management of the specific types of pregnancy and delivery complications leading to peripartum hysterectomy. We evaluated medical records of the 50 Danish women with peripartum hysterectomy identified in the Nordic Obstetric Surveillance Study 2009-2012 and made short narratives of all cases...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517050/delivery-after-operation-for-deeply-infiltrating-endometriosis
#16
Christina Allerstorfer, Peter Oppelt, Simon H Enzelsberger, Andreas Shamiyeh, Wolfgang Schimetta, Omar Josef Shebl, Richard Bernhard Mayer
Background. It has been suggested that, during pregnancy, endometriosis can cause a variety of disease-related complications. Objectives. The purpose of the study was to find out if women with histologically confirmed endometriosis do have a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcome and if they suffer from a higher rate of complications during labor. Study Design. 51 women who underwent surgery because of deeply infiltrating endometriosis in the General Hospital Linz and the Women's General Hospital Linz and who gave birth in the Women's General Hospital Linz after the surgery were included in our survey...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500445/protocol-for-the-direct-conversion-of-murine-embryonic-fibroblasts-into-trophoblast-stem-cells
#17
Caroline Kubaczka, Hubert Schorle
Trophoblast stem cells (TSCs) arise as a consequence of the first cell fate decision in mammalian development. They can be cultured in vitro, retaining the ability to self-renew and to differentiate into all subtypes of the trophoblast lineage, equivalent to the in vivo stem cell population giving rise to the fetal portion of the placenta. Therefore, TSCs offer a unique model to study placental development and embryonic versus extra-embryonic cell fate decision in vitro. From the blastocyst stage onwards, a distinct epigenetic barrier consisting of DNA methylation and histone modifications tightly separates both lineages...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473997/fluctuation-of-neutrophil-counts-around-parturition-in-holstein-dairy-cows-with-and-without-retained-placenta
#18
Pierangelo Moretti, Monica Probo, Andrea Cantoni, Saverio Paltrinieri, Alessia Giordano
Retained placenta (RP) is often diagnosed in high-yielding dairy cows and can negatively affect reproductive performances. The objective of the present study was to investigate the hematological and biochemical profile of cows with RP before and immediately after parturition, with particular emphasis on neutrophil counts, since a previous study demonstrated the presence of peripheral neutropenia in dairy cows with RP sampled a few days after parturition. Results from 12 Holstein cows affected by RP and from 17 clinically healthy controls sampled one week pre-partum, within 12h after calving and between 48 and 72h after parturition were compared between groups and over time...
August 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455000/-research-on-biological-and-genetic-characteristics-of-human-placenta-mesenchymal-stem-cells-cultured-in-vitro
#19
Dongming Zheng, Xiaorui Li, Yue Liu, Haiyan Li, Ming Ma, Yin Deng, Jianglin Li, Shuangqing Cen, Rong Zhang, Quan Hai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the biological characteristics and genetic features of human placenta mesenchymal stem cells (hPA-MSCs) cultured in vitro in order to assess its safety for clinical use. METHODS: The shapes of the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 10th, 13th, 17th and 20th generation hPA-MSCs cultured in vitro using serum-free culture medium were observed. Their cell cycle, cell surface markers, and karyotype were analyzed, and relevant genes and cytokines were measured...
August 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449689/reproductive-outcomes-following-hysteroscopic-resection-of-retained-products-of-conception
#20
Deborah E Ikhena, Pietro Bortoletto, Angela K Lawson, Rafael Confino, Erica E Marsh, Magdy P Milad, Marissa L Steinberg, Edmond Confino, Mary Ellen G Pavone
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to characterize pregnancy outcomes following hysteroscopic resection of retained products of conception (RPOC), especially as it relates to abnormal placentation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study DESIGN: Classification: Canadian Task Force classification II-2 SETTING: Academic Medical Center PATIENTS: All women who underwent hysteroscopic resection of retained products of conception at Northwestern Prentice Women's Hospital between January 2004 and December 2014 INTERVENTIONS: Hysteroscopic resection of retained products of conception MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The medical records of all cases of hysteroscopic resection of RPOCs between January 2004 and December 2014 were reviewed...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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