keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

retained placenta

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434752/effects-of-intrauterine-infusion-of-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide-on-uterine-health-resolution-of-purulent-vaginal-discharge-and-reproductive-performance-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#1
João G N Moraes, Paula R B Silva, Luís G D Mendonça, Alexandre A Scanavez, Joseane C C Silva, Ricardo C Chebel
The objectives of the current experiment were to evaluate the effects of intrauterine infusion of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in cows diagnosed with purulent vaginal discharge (PVD) on intrauterine cell population, resolution of PVD, uterine health, and reproductive performance. Jersey cows (n = 3,084) were examined using the Metricheck device to diagnose PVD at 35 ± 6 d postpartum. Purulent vaginal discharge was defined as the presence of purulent (≥50% pus) discharge detectable in the vagina...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422330/genetic-relationships-among-female-fertility-disorders-female-fertility-traits-and-productivity-of-holstein-dairy-cows-in-the-early-lactation-period
#2
E Gernand, S König
Fertility health disorders from the early lactation period including retained placenta (REPLA), metritis (MET), corpus luteum persistence (CLP), anoestria/acyclia (AOEAC) and ovarial cysts (OC), as well as overall disease categories (disorders during the postpartal period (DPP), ovary infertility (OINF), overall trait definition "fertility disorders" (FD)), were used to estimate genetic (co)variance components with female fertility and test-day traits. The disease data set comprised 25,142 Holstein cows from parities 1, 2 and 3 resulting in 43,584 lactations...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412999/generation-of-an-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-line-from-chorionic-villi-of-a-turner-syndrome-spontaneous-abortion
#3
Shagufta Parveen, M M Panicker, Pawan Kumar Gupta
A major cause of spontaneous abortions is chromosomal abnormality of foetal cells. We report the generation of an induced pluripotent stem cell line from the fibroblasts isolated from chorionic villi of an early spontaneously aborted foetus with Turner syndrome. The Turner syndrome villus induced pluripotent stem cell line is transgene free, retains the original XO karyotype, expresses pluripotency markers and undergoes trilineage differentiation. This pluripotent stem cell model of Turner syndrome should serve as a tool to study the developmental abnormalities of foetus and placenta that lead to early embryo lethality and profound symptoms like infertility in 45 XO survivors...
March 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409600/postpartum-hemorrhage-prevention-and-treatment
#4
Ann Evensen, Janice M Anderson, Patricia Fontaine
Postpartum hemorrhage is common and can occur in patients without risk factors for hemorrhage. Active management of the third stage of labor should be used routinely to reduce its incidence. Use of oxytocin after delivery of the anterior shoulder is the most important and effective component of this practice. Oxytocin is more effective than misoprostol for prevention and treatment of uterine atony and has fewer adverse effects. Routine episiotomy should be avoided to decrease blood loss and the risk of anal laceration...
April 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398928/anesthetic-management-of-mitochondrial-encephalopathy-with-lactic-acidosis-and-stroke-like-episodes-melas-syndrome-in-a-high-risk-pregnancy-a-case-report
#5
Josh D Bell, Kushlin Higgie, Mital Joshi, Joshua Rucker, Sahar Farzi, Naveed Siddiqui
MELAS syndrome (mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like symptoms) is a rare and complex mitochondrial disorder. We present the in-hospital course of a 36-year-old gravida 2, para 0 with MELAS syndrome and severe preeclampsia, complicated by hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and diabetes. A retained placenta with postpartum hemorrhage required urgent instrumental delivery under spinal anesthesia, transfusion, and intensive care unit admission for pulmonary edema, effusions, and atelectasis. Postpartum endometritis and sepsis also were encountered...
April 10, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391772/intrapartum-fever-and-the-risk-for-perinatal-complications-the-effect-of-fever-duration-and-positive-cultures
#6
Eran Ashwal, Lina Salman, Yossi Tzur, Amir Aviram, Tali Ben-Mayor Bashi, Yariv Yogev, Liran Hiersch
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between intrapartum fever and adverse perinatal outcome. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of women attempting vaginal delivery at term in a tertiary hospital (2012-2015). Perinatal outcome of deliveries complicated by intrapartum fever (≥38.0 °C) were compared to women with no intrapartum fever matched by parity and gestational age at delivery in a 1:2 ratio. Maternal outcome included cesarean section (CS), operative vaginal delivery (OVD), retained placenta or post-partum hemorrhage...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378361/misoprostol-use-for-second-trimester-termination-of-pregnancy-among-women-with-one-or-more-previous-cesarean-deliveries
#7
Martin Cuellar Torriente, Wilhelm J Steinberg, Gina Joubert
OBJECTIVE: To establish the safety and efficacy of misoprostol for second-trimester termination of pregnancy among women with one or more previous cesarean deliveries. METHODS: In a retrospective study, data were reviewed from women attending a reproductive health clinic in Bloemfontein, South Africa, for second-trimester termination between 2010 and 2013. The study group, comprising women with one or more previous cesareans, was compared with a control group, comprising women with no previous cesarean or uterine scarring...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365121/effects-of-dry-period-length-and-dietary-energy-source-on-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-oxidative-stress-in-dairy-cows
#8
N Mayasari, J Chen, A Ferrari, R M Bruckmaier, B Kemp, H K Parmentier, A T M van Knegsel, E Trevisi
Negative energy balance in dairy cows in early lactation has been associated with increased inflammation and oxidative stress in these cows. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of dry period (DP) length and dietary energy source on inflammatory biomarkers and oxidative stress in dairy cows. Holstein-Friesian dairy cows (60 primiparous and 107 multiparous) were assigned randomly to a 3 × 2 factorial design with 3 DP length (0, 30, or 60 d) and 2 early lactation rations (glucogenic or lipogenic)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357560/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-after-induction-of-labor-a-population-based-study
#9
Christoph Zenzmaier, Hermann Leitner, Christoph Brezinka, Willi Oberaigner, Martina König-Bachmann
PURPOSE: To evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes at and beyond term associated with induction of labor compared to spontaneous onset of labor stratified by week of gestational age. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, data form 402,960 singleton pregnancies from the Austria Perinatal Registry were used to estimate odds ratios of secondary cesarean delivery, operative vaginal delivery, epidural analgesia, fetal scalp blood testing, episiotomy, 3rd/4th-degree lacerations, retained placenta, 5-min APGAR <7, umbilical artery pH <7...
March 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341050/development-of-genetic-and-genomic-evaluation-for-wellness-traits-in-us-holstein-cows
#10
N Vukasinovic, N Bacciu, C A Przybyla, P Boddhireddy, S K DeNise
In March 2016, Zoetis Genetics offered the first commercially available evaluation for wellness traits of Holstein dairy cattle. Phenotypic data on health events, pedigree, and genotypes were collected directly from producers upon obtaining their permission. Among all recorded health events, 6 traits were chosen to be included in the evaluation: mastitis, metritis, retained placenta, displaced abomasum, ketosis, and lameness. Each trait was defined as a binary event, having a value of 1 if a cow has been recorded with a disorder at any point during the lactation and zero otherwise...
January 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272244/management-of-patients-with-placenta-accreta-in-association-with-fever-following-vaginal-delivery
#11
Liuying Zhong, Dunjin Chen, Mei Zhong, Yutian He, Chunhong Su
This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics and to manage patients with retained placenta left in situ accompanied by fever following vaginal delivery.Twenty-one patients with retained placenta in association with fever following vaginal delivery were enrolled and managed at the maternity department of our university hospital between 2012 and 2014.All patients had risk factors for development of placenta accreta: previous cesarean sections (4/21), previous curettage (15/21), or uterine malformations (7/21)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246515/efficacy-of-prophylactic-uterine-artery-embolization-before-obstetrical-procedures-with-high-risk-for-massive-bleeding
#12
Heung Kyu Ko, Ji Hoon Shin, Gi Young Ko, Dong Il Gwon, Jin Hyung Kim, Kichang Han, Shin-Wha Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of prophylactic uterine artery embolization (UAE) before obstetrical procedures with high risk for massive bleeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 29 female patients who underwent prophylactic UAE from June 2009 to February 2014 was performed. Indications for prophylactic UAE were as follows: dilatation and curettage (D&C) associated with ectopic pregnancy (cesarean scar pregnancy, n = 9; cervical pregnancy, n = 6), termination of pregnancy with abnormal placentation (placenta previa, n = 8), D&C for retained placenta with vascularity (n = 5), and D&C for suspected gestational trophoblastic disease (n = 1)...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237340/the-effect-of-litter-size-parity-and-farrowing-duration-on-placenta-expulsion-and-retention-in-sows
#13
S Björkman, C Oliviero, P J Rajala-Schultz, N M Soede, O A T Peltoniemi
The hypothesis was that a prolonged parturition impairs placenta expulsion and can lead to retained placentas in sows. Furthermore, we hypothesized that application of oxytocin around the time of expulsion of the first placental part improves placenta expulsion. We recorded 142 parturitions of 101 Yorkshire x Large White sows. We determined parity, gestation length, number of liveborn and stillborn piglets, farrowing duration (time between first and last piglet) and the outcome variables: number of expelled placental parts, placenta expulsion duration (time between first and last placental part), first placental part expulsion (time between last piglet and first placental part) and last placental part expulsion (time between last piglet and last placental part)...
April 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196553/association-between-body-energy-content-in-the-dry-period-and-post-calving-production-disease-status-in-dairy-cattle
#14
G L Smith, N C Friggens, C J Ashworth, M G G Chagunda
The transition from gestation to lactation is marked by significant physiological changes for the individual cow such that disease incidence is highest in early lactation. Around the time of calving, cows rely on mobilisation of body energy reserves to fill the energy deficit created by an increase in nutrient demands at a time of restricted feed intake. It is well established that monitoring of body energy reserves in lactation is an important component of herd health management. However, despite their influence on future health and productivity, monitoring of body energy reserves in the dry period is often sparse...
February 15, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181672/endometriosis-increases-the-risk-of-obstetrical-and-neonatal-complications
#15
Janne Foss Berlac, Dorthe Hartwell, Charlotte Wessel Skovlund, Jens Langhoff-Roos, Øjvind Lidegaard
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to assess obstetrical complications and neonatal outcomes in women with endometriosis as compared to women without endometriosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National cohort including all delivering women and their newborns in Denmark 1997-2014. Data were extracted from the Danish Health Register and the Medical Birth Register. Logistic regression analysis provided odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Sub-analyses were made for primiparous women with a singleton pregnancy and for women with endometriosis who underwent gynecological surgery before pregnancy...
February 9, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162915/simple-in-vitro-generation-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-g-expressing-t-regulatory-cells-through-pharmacological-hypomethylation-for-adoptive-cellular-immunotherapy-against-graft-versus-host-disease
#16
Panagiota Stamou, Dimitra Marioli, Alexandra L Patmanidi, Argyro Sgourou, Angeliki Vittoraki, Efthymia Theofani, Chryso Pierides, Stavros Taraviras, Paul A Costeas, Alexandros Spyridonidis
BACKGROUND: Major barriers in using classical FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in clinical practice are their low numbers in the circulation, the lack of specific cell surface markers for efficient purification and the loss of expression of Treg signature molecules and suppressive function after in vitro expansion or in a pro-inflammatory microenviroment. A surface molecule with potent immunosuppressive function is the human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G), which is normally expressed in placenta protecting the "semi-allogeneic" fetus from maternal immune attack...
February 2, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161186/a-dairy-herd-level-study-of-postpartum-diseases-and-their-association-with-reproductive-performance-and-culling
#17
J Dubuc, J Denis-Robichaud
The objectives of this study were to quantify the herd-level prevalence of postpartum diseases in a large number of dairy farms, and to identify prevalence alarm levels of these diseases based on association with a low prevalence of success at first service, with a high prevalence of pregnancy loss following pregnancy diagnosis at first service, and with a high prevalence of postpartum culling. A total of 126 commercial dairy herds were enrolled in this cohort study, and the herd was the unit of interest. Twenty cows from every herd were enrolled during the study period (a total of 2,520 lactating cows in the study)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161183/investigation-of-the-effect-of-pegbovigrastim-on-some-periparturient-immune-disorders-and-performance-in-mexican-dairy-herds
#18
R Ruiz, L O Tedeschi, A Sepúlveda
This study analyzed the efficacy of pegbovigrastim (Imrestor, Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN) on some health and production parameters in lactating dairy cows. Primiparous and multiparous Holsteins from 17 Mexican dairy herds (n = 10,238) were included in this study, which was conducted in 2015. Treated cows (n = 5,025) received Imrestor approximately 7 d before expected calving and again within 24 h after calving; control cows (n = 5,213) did not receive a placebo. Clinical mastitis (MAS; 0 to 30 DIM), retained placenta (RP), and clinical metritis (MET; 0 to 21 DIM) occurrences were recorded, as well as the number of medication days, medical treatments needed, and the number of days that milk was discarded due to medication administered for disease...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161176/association-among-gestation-length-and-health-production-and-reproduction-in-holstein-cows-and-implications-for-their-offspring
#19
A Vieira-Neto, K N Galvão, W W Thatcher, J E P Santos
Objectives were to evaluate associations among gestation length (GL) and performance in Holstein cows and their offspring. A total of 8,095 Holstein cows and 3,635 female offspring born alive on 2 farms using only artificial insemination (AI) were evaluated. Gestation length averaged 276 ± 6 d in the 8,095 dams, and it was categorized as short (SGL; at least 1 SD below the population mean; mean = 266 d, range 256 to 269 d), average (AGL; population mean ± 1 SD; mean = 276 d, range 270 to 282 d), or long (LGL; at least 1 SD above the population mean; mean = 285 d, range 283 to 296 d)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161057/extracellular-matrix-proteins-in-healthy-and-retained-placentas-comparing-hemochorial-and-synepitheliochorial-placentas
#20
M Franczyk, M Lopucki, N Stachowicz, D Morawska, M Kankofer
The placenta expresses structural and biologically active proteins. Their synthesis is mainly regulated by genomic or nongenomic signals and modulated by hormones. These protein profiles are altered during different stages of pregnancy. The biological properties of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins were defined and described in a number of tissues including placenta. These properties enable them to be the main players in the processes of attachment or invasion into the endometrium during initial placenta formation and its timely separation after delivery and detachment...
February 2017: Placenta
keyword
keyword
98469
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"