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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631539/regional-nerve-blocks-for-equine-dentistry
#1
Molly K Rice
Regional nerve blocks are necessary to facilitate equine oral surgery in the standing sedated patient. Step-by-step instruction on how to perform common regional nerve blocks are discussed, including infraorbital, maxillary, middle mental, and inferior alveolar nerve blocks. Regional nerve blocks are critical when performing dental procedures in the standing horse.(1) The infraorbital and maxillary nerve blocks provide anesthesia of the infraorbital nerve, which is a branch of the maxillary nerve. Both nerve blocks provide adequate anesthesia for all maxillary dental procedures...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620379/neuroimmune-interactions-in-schizophrenia-focus-on-vagus-nerve-stimulation-and-activation-of-the-alpha-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor
#2
REVIEW
Fabiana Maria das Graças Corsi-Zuelli, Fernanda Brognara, Gustavo Fernando da Silva Quirino, Carlos Hiroji Hiroki, Rafael Sobrano Fais, Cristina Marta Del-Ben, Luis Ulloa, Helio Cesar Salgado, Alexandre Kanashiro, Camila Marcelino Loureiro
Schizophrenia is one of the most debilitating mental disorders and is aggravated by the lack of efficacious treatment. Although its etiology is unclear, epidemiological studies indicate that infection and inflammation during development induces behavioral, morphological, neurochemical, and cognitive impairments, increasing the risk of developing schizophrenia. The inflammatory hypothesis of schizophrenia is also supported by clinical studies demonstrating systemic inflammation and microglia activation in schizophrenic patients...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608136/early-impairment-of-intracranial-conduction-time-predicts-mortality-in-deeply-sedated-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-observational-pilot-study
#3
Eric Azabou, Benjamin Rohaut, Nicholas Heming, Eric Magalhaes, Régine Morizot-Koutlidis, Stanislas Kandelman, Jeremy Allary, Guy Moneger, Andrea Polito, Virginie Maxime, Djillali Annane, Frederic Lofaso, Fabrice Chrétien, Jean Mantz, Raphael Porcher, Tarek Sharshar
BACKGROUND: Somatosensory (SSEP) and brainstem auditory (BAEP) evoked potentials are neurophysiological tools which, respectively, explore the intracranial conduction time (ICCT) and the intrapontine conduction time (IPCT). The prognostic values of prolonged cerebral conduction times in deeply sedated patients have never been assessed. Sedated patients are at risk of developing new neurological complications, undetected. In this prospective observational bi-center pilot study, we investigated whether early impairment of SSEP's ICCT and/or BAEP's IPCT could predict in-ICU mortality or altered mental status (AMS), in deeply sedated critically ill patients...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594303/self-inflicted-enucleations-clinical-features-of-seven-cases
#4
Mamta Shah, Lucy Sun, Solly Elmann, Ivan Vrcek, Ronald Mancini, Hee Joon Kim, Jacqueline Carrasco, Roman Shinder
We report the clinical presentation, radiography, and management outcomes of autoenucleations (AE). Charts of 7 patients evaluated at 4 institutions with AE were reviewed. Four males and three females had a mean age of 50 years (range 26-72 years). The etiologies were psychosis secondary to underlying mental illness (6, 88%) and substance use (1, 12%), and the mechanism was largely blunt digital injury (6, 88%). Three (43%) AE patients suffered bilateral enucleations. Common concomitant injuries included eyelid lacerations (5, 71%) and optic nerve avulsion (3, 43%)...
June 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570867/evoked-potentials-recorded-during-routine-eeg-predict-outcome-after-perinatal-asphyxia
#5
Päivi Nevalainen, Viviana Marchi, Marjo Metsäranta, Tuula Lönnqvist, Sanna Toiviainen-Salo, Sampsa Vanhatalo, Leena Lauronen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the added value of somatosensory (SEPs) and visual evoked potentials (VEPs) recorded simultaneously with routine EEG in early outcome prediction of newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy under modern intensive care. METHODS: We simultaneously recorded multichannel EEG, median nerve SEPs, and flash VEPs during the first few postnatal days in 50 term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. EEG background was scored into five grades and the worst two grades were considered to indicate poor cerebral recovery...
July 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570409/microsurgical-decompression-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-endodontic-treatment-complications
#6
Bernardo Bianchi, Andrea Ferri, Andrea Varazzani, Michela Bergonzani, Enrico Sesenna
Iatrogenic injury in oral surgery is the most frequent cause of sensory disturbance in the distribution of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and mental nerve.Inferior alveolar nerve damage can occur during third molar extraction, implant location, orthognathic surgery, preprosthetic surgery, salivary gland surgery, local anesthetic injections or during the resection of benign or malignant tumors.Injuries to the IAN can be caused also by endodontic treatment of mandibular molars and premolars when filling material is forced into the tooth and mandibular canal...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555499/dangerous-sadness-nervoza-among-first-and-second-generation-macedonian-immigrants-to-australia
#7
Aleksandar Misev, Christine B Phillips
OBJECTIVE: Nervoza is a commonly-used illness category among Macedonian Australians. Although nervoza belongs broadly to the category of 'nerve illnesses' little is known of its meaning among Macedonian immigrants, and whether there is intergenerational attrition in its meaning and use. We aimed to explore how nervoza and its treatment are perceived by members of the Macedonian community in Australia. DESIGN: In-depth interviews in Macedonian with 18 participants from the Macedonian community in Melbourne, Australia...
May 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553857/the-position-of-the-mental-foramen-in-dentate-and-edentulous-mandibles-clinical-and-surgical-relevance
#8
Antonios Charalampakis, Georgios Kourkoumelis, Christina Psari, Vassilios Antoniou, Maria Piagkou, Theano Demesticha, Evangelos Kotsiomitis, Theodore Troupis
BACKGROUND: The knowledge of the exact location of the mental foramen (MF) in dentate and edentulous mandibles is clinically important when constructing complete dentures, performing anaesthetic block of the lower-anterior teeth area and intervening in the MF nearby area. In edentulous mandibles, the bone resorption after teeth loss makes the mental nerve (MN) prone to damage due to the extreme location of the MF very close to the alveolar crest (AC). Chronic compression on the MN may result in pain in the area of MN distribution (ipsilateral face and cheek area) and numbness at the lower lip...
May 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553345/recombinant-human-fibroblast-growth-factor-2-promotes-nerve-regeneration-and-functional-recovery-after-mental-nerve-crush-injury
#9
Sung Ho Lee, Wei-Peng Jin, Na Ri Seo, Kang-Mi Pang, Bongju Kim, Soung-Min Kim, Jong-Ho Lee
Several studies have shown that fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) can directly affect axon regeneration after peripheral nerve damage. In this study, we performed sensory tests and histological analyses to study the effect of recombinant human FGF-2 (rhFGF2) treatment on damaged mental nerves. The mental nerves of 6-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were crush-injured for 1 minute and then treated with 10 or 50 μg/mL rhFGF2 or PBS in crush injury area with a mini Osmotic pump. Sensory test using von Frey filaments at 1 week revealed the presence of sensory degeneration based on decreased gap score and increased difference score...
April 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537429/core-outcome-measures-for-clinical-research-in-acute-respiratory-failure-survivors-an-international-modified-delphi-consensus-study
#10
Dale M Needham, Kristin A Sepulveda, Victor D Dinglas, Caroline M Chessare, Lisa Aronson Friedman, Clifton O Bingham Iii, Alison E Turnbull
RATIONALE: Research evaluating acute respiratory failure (ARF) survivors' outcomes after hospital discharge has substantial heterogeneity in measurement instruments used, creating barriers to synthesizing study data. OBJECTIVES: To identify a minimum set of core outcome measures that are essential to include in all clinical research studies evaluating ARF survivors after discharge. METHODS: A three-round modified Delphi consensus process with 77 participants (47% female, 55% outside USA), including clinical researchers from >16 countries across 6 continents, patients/caregivers, clinicians, and research funders...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529151/comparison-of-ozone-and-photo-biomodulation-therapies-on-mental-nerve-injury-in-rats
#11
Turker Yucesoy, Nukhet Kutuk, Dilek Gunay Canpolat, Alper Alkan
PURPOSE: This study compared photo-biomodulation (PBM) and ozone therapy (OT) for mental nerve injury by counting Schwann cells (SCs) and fasciculated nerve branches and measuring fascicular nerve areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of OT and PBM on mental nerve injury were evaluated. Mental nerves of 27 rats were partly sutured and allocated into 3 groups. Group 1 received no treatment, group 2 received OT, and group 3 received PBM. The number of fascicules beyond nerve branches and the number of SCs before and after nerve injury were evaluated histologically...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511899/signaling-pathways-to-and-from-the-hypophysial-pars-tuberalis-an-important-center-for-the-control-of-seasonal-rhythms
#12
REVIEW
Horst-Werner Korf
Seasonal (circannual) rhythms play an important role for the control of body functions (reproduction, metabolism, immune responses) in nearly all living organisms. Also humans are affected by the seasons with regard to immune responses and mental functions, the seasonal affective disorder being one of the most prominent examples. The hypophysial pars tuberalis (PT), an important interface between the hypophysial pars distalis and neuroendocrine centers in the brain, plays an essential role in the regulation of seasonal functions and may even be the seat of the circannual clock...
May 13, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503726/baroreflex-dysfunction-and-augmented-sympathetic-nerve-responses-during-mental-stress-in-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd
#13
Jeanie Park, Paul J Marvar, Peizhou Liao, Melanie L Kankam, Seth D Norrholm, Ryan M Downey, S Ashley McCullough, Ngoc-Anh Le, Barbara O Rothbaum
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. We tested the hypothesis that PTSD patients have augmented sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and hemodynamic reactivity during mental stress, and impaired arterial baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). 14 otherwise healthy Veterans with combat-related PTSD were compared to 14 matched Controls without PTSD.  Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), continuous blood pressure (BP), and electrocardiography were measured at baseline, and during two types of mental stress:  combat-related mental stress using virtual reality combat exposure (VRCE); and noncombat related stress using mental arithmetic (MA)...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503328/phrenic-pacing-compared-with-mechanical-ventilation
#14
Morten Packert Andersen, Michael Laub, Fin Biering-Sørensen
STUDY DESIGN: Comparable case series. OBJECTIVES: High-cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) may disrupt the ability to breathe sufficiently. To restore respiration a phrenic nerve pacer can be implanted. The aims of this study were to describe the use of phrenic nerve pacing in tetraplegics in Denmark and compare the users with a population of ventilator dependent tetraplegics. SETTING: Clinics for Spinal Cord Injuries, and Respiratory Centre East, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496368/self-management-and-psychological-sexological-interventions-in-patients-with-endometriosis-strategies-outcomes-and-integration-into-clinical-care
#15
REVIEW
Laura Buggio, Giussy Barbara, Federica Facchin, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Giorgio Aimi, Nicola Berlanda
Endometriosis has a multifactorial etiology. The onset and progression of the disease are believed to be related to different pathogenic mechanisms. Among them, the environment and lifestyle may play significant roles. Diet, dietary supplements, physical exercise, osteopathy, massage, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and Chinese herbal medicine may represent a complementary and feasible approach in the treatment of symptoms related to the disease. In this narrative review, we aimed to examine the most updated evidence on these alternative approaches implicated in the self-management of the disease...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492423/a-survey-of-the-opinion-and-experience-of-uk-dentists-part-3-an-evidence-based-protocol-of-surgical-risk-management-strategies-in-the-mandible
#16
Cemal Ucer, Zehra Yilmaz, Edwin Scher, Jon Suzuki, Tara Renton
BACKGROUND: Implant surgery in the mandible can cause serious complications that can be life threatening. The incidence and cause of iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury (TNI) related to dental implant surgery was investigated in a survey of the opinion and experience of the UK dentists and reported by the authors in part 1 of this series of articles. Part 2 reported on the risk assessment and management of implant-related inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), mental nerve (MN), and lingual nerve (LN) injuries...
May 10, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488382/neuron-specific-knockdown-of-the-drosophila-fat-induces-reduction-of-life-span-deficient-locomotive-ability-shortening-of-motoneuron-terminal-branches-and-defects-in-axonal-targeting
#17
Aya Nakamura, Ryo Tanaka, Kazushige Morishita, Hideki Yoshida, Yujiro Higuchi, Hiroshi Takashima, Masamitsu Yamaguchi
Mutations in FAT4 gene, one of the human FAT family genes, have been identified in Van Maldergem syndrome (VMS) and Hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome (HS). The FAT4 gene encodes a large protein with extracellular cadherin repeats, EGF-like domains and Laminin G-like domains. FAT4 plays a role in tumor suppression and planar cell polarity. Drosophila contains a human FAT4 homologue, fat. Drosophila fat has been mainly studied with Drosophila eye and wing systems. Here, we specially knocked down Drosophila fat in nerve system...
May 9, 2017: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479699/intraoral-neurilemmoma-of-mental-nerve-mimicking-as-traumatic-fibroma-an-unusual-presentation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
C Ravindran, Pearlcid Siroraj, C Deepak, Malathi Narasimhan
Neurilemmoma, neurinoma or schwannoma is a benign tumor of neurogenic origin, arising from the myelin sheath of a neuron. Head and neck region accounts for 25%-48% of these tumors reported till date. On the contrary, intraoral sites form only 1% of the cases accounted. Although a few cases of intraoral neurilemoma of mental nerve has been reported in English literature, none has been reported to arise from the terminal fibers of the mental nerve. In this particular article, we present a case were the tumor was noted in the lower labial mucosa...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472701/optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#19
Mohamed A Khalil, Alia A Saleh, Sherif M Gohar, Dalia Hamed Khalil, Mohamed Said
BACKGROUND: Research in bipolar disorder suggests the presence of structural brain abnormalities. It is not clear whether these findings are trait markers or operate with the onset and progress with disease severity and duration. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive technique that detects degenerative changes in the retina reflecting brain degeneration. This study aimed at detecting these changes and relating them to disease severity and clinical characteristics. METHODS: A case-control study conducted in Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine hospital, Faculty of Medicine at Cairo University...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468162/postoperative-three-dimensional-evaluation-of-mandibular-contouring-surgery-using-computer-assisted-simulation-planning-and-a-three-dimensional-printed-surgical-guide
#20
Hyun Seok, Seong-Gon Kim, Young-Wook Park, Yong-Chan Lee
Mandibular contouring surgery was performed using computer-assisted simulation planning (CASP) and 3-dimensional printed surgical guide. The outcome of the surgery was evaluated by overlapping preoperative image. The patient underwent mandibular contouring surgery according to CASP for his residual facial asymmetry of the mandibular angle and mental area. The overall facial aesthetic of the patient was improved. In the overlapping image, the left mandibular border area was slightly overcorrected. However, the other portion was operated as planned...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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