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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325166/color-perception-differentiates-alzheimer-s-disease-ad-from-vascular-dementia-vad-patients
#1
N A Arnaoutoglou, M Arnaoutoglou, P Nemtsas, V Costa, S J Baloyannis, K P Ebmeier
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and Vascular Dementia (VaD) are the most common causes of dementia in older people. Both diseases appear to have similar clinical symptoms, such as deficits in attention and executive function, but specific cognitive domains are affected. Current cohort studies have shown a close relationship between αβ deposits and age-related macular degeneration (Johnson et al., 2002; Ratnayaka et al., 2015). Additionally, a close link between the thinning of the retinal nerve fiber (RNFL) and AD patients has been described, while it has been proposed that AD patients suffer from a non-specific type of color blindness (Pache et al...
March 22, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317283/radiological-and-microsurgical-anatomy-for-variation-of-the-mandible-comparative-study-of-human-and-macaca-fascicularis
#2
Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Yoko Tabira, Eishi Hirasaki, Christian Fisahn, R Shane Tubbs, Jingo Kusukawa, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
Recent studies using cone-beam computer tomography (CBCT) have added to our understanding of anatomical variation in the mandible of humans. However, the distribution of nerves cannot be revealed by CBCT. There have been investigations of the distribution of nerves relating to the mandible, but some proposed causes of these variations remain controversial. In this study, we observed a total of 10 sides from five mandibles of Macaca fascicularis of unknown age and sex using CBCT and dissection under stereomicroscopy...
March 20, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303761/percutaneous-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-for-treatment-of-shoulder-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-report
#3
Daniela Mehech, Melvin Mejia, Gregory A Nemunaitis, John Chae, Richard D Wilson
CONTEXT: This describes the first person with spinal cord injury (SCI) treated with percutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation for chronic shoulder pain. FINDINGS: From baseline to one-week after treatment, the subject's worst pain in the last week, rated on a 0-10 numerical rating scale (BPI-SF3), decreased by 44%. Pain interference decreased and remained below baseline 12 weeks after the end of treatment. There was an associated improvement in the mental component of quality of life...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299273/guidelines-for-patient-specific-jawline-definition-with-titanium-implants-in-esthetic-deformity-and-malformation-surgery
#4
Maurice Yves Mommaerts
CONTEXT: Asymmetry and unfavorable esthetics of the jawline have become possible to correct in three dimensions using computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing. AIMS: The aim of this study was to provide esthetic, technical, and operative guidelines for mandibular angle and border augmentation using patient-specific titanium implants made by selective laser melting. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: University hospital - prospective registry...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298708/outcomes-of-sacral-nerve-stimulation-for-faecal-incontinence-in-northern-ireland
#5
G W Irwin, B V Dasari, R Irwin, D Johnston, K Khosraviani
BACKGROUND: Sacral nerve root stimulation (SNS) is an effective and developing therapy for faecal incontinence, a debilitating condition that can result in social and personal incapacitation. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to assess the morbidity of the procedure, improvement in the incontinence scores and Quality of Life (QoL) following SNS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were identified from the Northern Ireland regional SNS service from 2006 to 2012...
January 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291971/can-gut-microbes-play-a-role-in-mental-disorders-and-their-treatment
#6
Klara Latalova, Miroslav Hajda, Jan Prasko
The gut microbes, collectively called microbiota, are linked to the brain through a bidirectional system that involves the vagus nerve, the immune system, and various neurotransmitters. Stress response, memory functions, social behavior, and mood are modulated by microbiota. Furthermore, microbiota play a role in the development of the central nervous system. These features, established largely in rodent studies, have informed hypotheses about the role of microbiota in human psychiatric disorders. Microbiota affect phenomena that are known to be parts of the depression phenotype, such as exaggerated response to stress and inflammatory features...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275797/-interforaminal-regions-of-287-han-adults-evaluated-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#7
Ting-Wen Zeng, Qing-Ping Gao, Xiao-Meng Gao, Hui-Min Yu, Yi-Wei Wu
PURPOSE: The mandibular anatomical structures including mental foramen, accessory mental foramina, anterior loop were measured and analyzed by cone-beam CT (cone-beam computed tomography, CBCT) , in order to provide some information during surgical procedures in interforaminal regions. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty-seven Chinese Han patients who visited Stomatological Department of Xiangya Hospital were included in this study. Patients were scanned by cone-beam computed tomography, and the information of interforaminal region was collected from the images...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252484/ventrogluteal-site-injections-in-the-mental-health-setting-a-comprehensive-educational-program
#8
Helen McGee
Adoption of the ventrogluteal site for intramuscular injections has been limited in mental health settings despite its decreased risk of sciatic nerve injury and its promotion as best practice among student nurses. At a center for addiction and mental health in Toronto, Canada, registered practical nurses followed a competency checklist in a simulation setting and then observed and administered supervised ventrogluteal injections in clinical settings. This article describes the comprehensive educational program and its outcomes in practice...
March 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230590/modified-lateral-surgical-approach-to-the-pterygopalatine-fossa
#9
Masataka Uehara, Masaaki Sasaguri, Shunji Shiiba, Kazuhiro Tominaga
Oral cancer, especially that originates in the maxillary tuberosity, buccal mucosa, and maxillary alveolus, is apt to invade the pterygopalatine fossa, where an intraoral approach is nearly impossible. There are 2 main types of extraoral approach to the pterygopalatine fossa; the anterior approach and the lateral approach. Although the lateral approach has an advantage compared with the anterior approach in terms of cosmetics, after the operation numbness of the lower lip occurs due to the sacrifice of the mental nerve...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223158/aminoguanidine-alleviated-mma-induced-impairment-of-cognitive-ability-in-rats-by-downregulating-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-reaction
#10
Qiliang Li, Wenqi Song, Ze Tian, Peichang Wang
Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is the most common organic acidemia in childhood. Many "treated" patients continued to display various degrees of mental retardation and psychomotor delay, which could be caused by brain damage from elevated oxidative stress. Aminoguanidine (AG), a synthetic antioxidant, was tested in a MMA rat model for its potential therapeutic effects on memory impairment. The effects of AG on MMA-induced cognitive impairment in Wistar rats were evaluated with Morris Water Maze. The levels of nerve cell apoptosis and microglial activation were investigated to illustrate the mechanisms of the improvement of cognition with AG treatment in MMA rats...
February 13, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219332/the-assessment-of-accessory-mental-foramen-in-a-selected-polish-population-a-cbct-study
#11
Ewa Zmysłowska-Polakowska, Mateusz Radwański, Michał Łęski, Sławomir Ledzion, Monika Łukomska-Szymańska, Michał Polguj
BACKGROUND: Accessory mental foramen (AMF) is a rare anatomical variation. When accessory mental foramen is present, the nerves and vessels that go through the mental foramen (MF) must follow alternative courses and special care must be taken during dental treatment planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the occurrence and the location of AMF in a selected Polish population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: Two hundred CBCT (105 males and 95 females) examinations were evaluated for the presence of AMFs...
February 20, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216305/severe-functional-debilitations-after-complications-associated-with-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-with-9%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up
#12
Kristoffer Weisskirchner Barfod, Thor Magnus Sveen, Ann Ganestam, Lars Bo Ebskov, Anders Troelsen
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the long-term effect of deep infection, sural nerve injury, and repeat rupture in the treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture. A total of 324 patients had made a claim to the Danish Patient Insurance Association from 1992 to 2010 for a complication after acute Achilles tendon rupture. Of the 324 patients, 119 (77 males and 42 females) returned the Achilles tendon total rupture score and the 36-item short-form survey questionnaires. Patients with deep infection (n = 10), sural nerve injury (n = 10), and repeat rupture (n = 16) participated in a follow-up investigation...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211554/psychiatric-illnesses-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-biological-underpinnings
#13
REVIEW
Jarosław Nowakowski, Adrian Andrzej Chrobak, Dominika Dudek
Inflammatory bowel disease is a group of chronic medical conditions comprising Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis that involves increased frequency of mental disorders. The most common psychiatric disorders in inflammatory bowel disease are depression and anxiety, however, some epidemiologic and biological evidence suggest that other disorders like bipolar disorder occur more often. Biological mechanisms concerning both inflammatory bowel disease and depression or anxiety explain susceptibility to developing mental disorders in inflammatory bowel disease...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206686/nte-pnpla6-is-expressed-in-mature-schwann-cells-and-is-required-for-glial-ensheathment-of-remak-fibers
#14
Janis McFerrin, Bruce L Patton, Elizabeth R Sunderhaus, Doris Kretzschmar
Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) or patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 6 (PNPLA6) was first linked with a neuropathy occurring after organophosphate poisoning and was later also found to cause complex syndromes when mutated, which can include mental retardation, spastic paraplegia, ataxia, and blindness. NTE/PNPLA6 is widely expressed in neurons but experiments with its Drosophila orthologue Swiss-cheese (SWS) suggested that it may also have glial functions. Investigating whether NTE/PNPLA6 is expressed in glia, we found that NTE/PNPLA6 is expressed by Schwann cells in the sciatic nerve of adult mice with the most prominent expression in nonmyelinating Schwann cells...
May 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186477/bilateral-sagittal-split-mandibular-osteotomies-for-enhanced-exposure-of-the-anterior-cervical-spine-in-children-technical-note
#15
Michael Karsy, Neal Moores, Faizi Siddiqi, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Robert J Bollo
The bilateral sagittal split mandibular osteotomy (BSSMO), a common maxillofacial technique for expanding the oropharynx during treatment of micrognathia, is a rarely employed but useful adjunct to improve surgical access to the ventral cervical spine in children. Specifically, it provides enhanced exposure of the craniocervical junction in the context of midface hypoplasia, and of the subaxial cervical spine in children with severe kyphosis. The authors describe their technique for BSSMO and evaluate long-term outcomes in patients...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160432/detection-of-a-novel-sapelovirus-in-central-nervous-tissue-of-pigs-with-polioencephalomyelitis-in-the-usa
#16
P H E Arruda, B L Arruda, K J Schwartz, F Vannucci, T Resende, A Rovira, P Sundberg, J Nietfeld, B M Hause
An approximately 3,000 finishing swine operation in the United States experienced an outbreak of an atypical neurologic disease in 11-weeks-old pigs with an overall morbidity of 20% and case fatality rate of 30%. The clinical onset and progression of signs in affected pigs varied but included inappetence, compromised ambulation, ataxia, incoordination, mental dullness, paresis, paralysis and decreased response to environmental stimuli. Tissues from affected pigs were submitted for diagnostic investigation. Histopathologic examination of the cerebrum, cerebellum and spinal cord revealed severe lymphoplasmacytic and necrotizing polioencephalomyelitis with multifocal areas of gliosis and neuron satellitosis, suggestive of a neurotropic viral infection...
February 3, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155673/cerebral-and-neural-regulation-of-cardiovascular-activity-during-mental-stress
#17
Xiaoni Wang, Binbin Liu, Lin Xie, Xiaolin Yu, Mengjun Li, Jianbao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Mental arithmetic has been verified inducing cerebral and cardiovascular responses. However, the mechanism and sequential responses are still ambiguous. This study aims to reveal the mechanism of cardiovascular and autonomic responses and the related scalp positions that regulate the autonomic nerves system (ANS) during MA task. METHODS: 34 healthy male subjects aged between 19 and 27 years old (mean age 23.6 ± 2.3 years) were recruited in. Electrocardiogram, impedance cardiography, beat-to-beat blood pressure and electroencephalography were measured simultaneously and continuously during the experiments...
December 28, 2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125964/effect-of-admission-fascia-iliaca-compartment-blocks-on-post-operative-abbreviated-mental-test-scores-in-elderly-fractured-neck-of-femur-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Peter M Odor, Irina Chis Ster, Iain Wilkinson, Frederic Sage
BACKGROUND: Post-operative cognitive impairment is common in elderly patients following surgery for hip fracture, with undertreated pain being an important etiological factor. Non-opioid based analgesic techniques, such as nerve blocks, may help reduce the risk of cognitive complications. The aim of this study was to investigate whether receiving a fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) as part of a pre-operative analgesic regime increased the odds of high post-operative abbreviated mental test scores (AMTS) when compared with conventional analgesia without a nerve block...
January 5, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125518/a-survey-of-the-opinion-and-experience-of-uk-dentists-part-2-risk-assessment-strategies-and-the-management-of-iatrogenic-trigeminal-nerve-injuries-related-to-dental-implant-surgery
#19
Zehra Yilmaz, Cemal Ucer, Edwin Scher, Jon Suzuki, Tara Renton
BACKGROUND: Dental implant-related iatrogenic injuries are proportionally increasing with dental implant surgery. This study assessed the experience of implant-related trigeminal nerve (TG) injuries among UK dentists. Risk management strategies and management of implant-related inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), mental nerve (MN), and lingual nerve injuries were investigated. METHODS: A survey was distributed among 405 dentists attending an Association of Dental Implantology (ADI) congress, of which 187 completed the survey...
April 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118193/postoperative-three-dimensional-evaluation-of-mandibular-contouring-surgery-using-computer-assisted-simulation-planning-and-a-three-dimensional-printed-surgical-guide
#20
Hyun Seok, Seong-Gon Kim, Young-Wook Park, Yong-Chan Lee
Mandibular contouring surgery was performed using computer-assisted simulation planning (CASP) and 3-dimensional printed surgical guide. The outcome of the surgery was evaluated by overlapping preoperative image. The patient underwent mandibular contouring surgery according to CASP for his residual facial asymmetry of the mandibular angle and mental area. The overall facial aesthetic of the patient was improved. In the overlapping image, the left mandibular border area was slightly overcorrected. However, the other portion was operated as planned...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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