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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461544/-a-phd-completed-bilateral-sagittal-split-osteotomy-risk-factors-for-complications-and-predictability-of-the-splitter-separator-technique
#1
J P Verweij
Bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) is a surgical technique to correct hypoplasia, hyperplasia or asymmetry of the mandible. The risk of complications associated with BSSO with splitter and separators, the so-called splitter-separator technique, and the predictability of this technique were analysed. The average incidence of complications associated with classic BSSO techniques was determined by a review of the literature. With classic techniques, a bad split occurred in 2.3% of the operated sides, removal of osteosynthesis material on account of complaints in 11...
February 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451219/low-frequency-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-pretreated-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-promote-the-regeneration-of-crush-injured-rat-mental-nerve
#2
NaRi Seo, Sung-Ho Lee, Kyung Won Ju, JaeMan Woo, BongJu Kim, SoungMin Kim, Jeong Won Jahng, Jong-Ho Lee
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been shown to promote the regeneration of injured peripheral nerves. Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) reportedly promotes the proliferation and neuronal differentiation of BMSCs. Low-frequency PEMF can induce the neuronal differentiation of BMSCs in the absence of nerve growth factors. This study was designed to investigate the effects of low-frequency PEMF pretreatment on the proliferation and function of BMSCs and the effects of low-frequency PEMF pre-treated BMSCs on the regeneration of injured peripheral nerve using in vitro and in vivo experiments...
January 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442088/morphological-and-morphometric-analysis-of-accessory-mental-foramen-in-dry-human-mandibles-of-south-indian-population
#3
J Rajkohila, Priyanka Daniel, Sakunthala Ambikaipakan, Suganthy Rabi
Background: Mental foramen (MF) is an important landmark for administration of local anesthesia in surgical procedures involving the mandible. Additional mental foramina, called accessory mental foramina (AMF) transmitting branches of mental nerve, have been reported. Detection of AMFs in presurgical imaging may reduce postoperative pain in dental surgical procedures. Aim: The aim of the study was to study the incidence and morphometric analysis of accessory MF in the dry human mandibles of South Indian population...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436643/neuroprotective-effect-of-lurasidone-via-antagonist-activities-on-histamine-in-a-rat-model-of-cranial-nerve-involvement
#4
Baoming He, Liang Yu, Suping Li, Fei Xu, Lili Yang, Shuai Ma, Yi Guo
Cranial nerve involvement frequently involves neuron damage and often leads to psychiatric disorder caused by multiple inducements. Lurasidone is a novel antipsychotic agent approved for the treatment of cranial nerve involvement and a number of mental health conditions in several countries. In the present study, the neuroprotective effect of lurasidone by antagonist activities on histamine was investigated in a rat model of cranial nerve involvement. The antagonist activities of lurasidone on serotonin 5‑HT7, serotonin 5‑HT2A, serotonin 5‑HT1A and serotonin 5‑HT6 were analyzed, and the preclinical therapeutic effects of lurasidone were examined in a rat model of cranial nerve involvement...
February 13, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426644/targeted-endodontic-microsurgery-a-novel-approach-to-anatomically-challenging-scenarios-using-3-dimensional-printed-guides-and-trephine-burs-a-report-of-3-cases
#5
C Michelle Giacomino, Jarom J Ray, James A Wealleans
Endodontic microsurgery (EMS) techniques have increased success rates over traditional approaches. Despite surgical advances, anatomically challenging scenarios can preclude EMS in certain cases. The aim of this article was to introduce targeted EMS, which uses 3-dimensional-printed surgical guides (3DSGs) and trephine burs to achieve single-step osteotomy, root-end resection, and biopsy in complex cases. In each of 3 cases, a 3DSG with a trephine port was printed using computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing implant planning software...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424758/a-6-year-follow-up-study-of-vagus-nerve-stimulation-effect-on-quality-of-life-in-treatment-resistant-depression-a-pilot-study
#6
François Trottier-Duclos, Véronique Desbeaumes Jodoin, Marie-Pierre Fournier-Gosselin, François Richer, Nathalie Desjardins, Sylvie Tieu, Paul Lespérance
OBJECTIVES: Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) carries a major burden on those affected by this disease and significantly impacts their quality of life (QOL). Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has showed promising results on symptoms, but its impact on QOL remains underresearched. This study aims to evaluate the long-term effects of VNS on both QOL and clinical symptoms for TRD patients, through a naturalistic 6-year follow-up. METHOD: Outpatients with confirmed TRD were enrolled to receive VNS...
February 7, 2018: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397282/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-for-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Caio Osoegawa, July Silveira Gomes, Ruth Bartelli Grigolon, Elisa Brietzke, Ary Gadelha, Acioly L T Lacerda, Álvaro Machado Dias, Quirino Cordeiro, Ronaldo Laranjeira, Danilo de Jesus, Zafiris Jeff Daskalakis, Jerome Brunelin, Joachim Cordes, Alisson Paulino Trevizol
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a mental disorder with significant socioeconomic burden. Although current pharmacological treatments are effective for treating positive symptoms, medications have little-to-no effect in the treatment of negative symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) for negative symptoms in schizophrenia in randomized clinical trials (RCTs). METHODS: A systematic review in Medline and Cochrane Library databases was performed up to May 31, 2017...
January 31, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389814/a-systemic-review-of-transoral-thyroidectomy
#8
Liqun Shan, Jianing Liu
BACKGROUND: Transoral thyroidectomy is a kind of "natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES)" which is now being performed in increasing frequency. However, the safety and feasibility have not been concluded yet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systemic literature search was performed in Pubmed, Cochrane, and Embase databases to identify all studies written in English and published up to April 2017. The keywords used were "transoral endoscopic," "transoral robotic," "oral vestibular endoscopic," and "oral vestibular robotic" combined with "thyroidectomy" or "thyroid surgery...
January 31, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378300/assessment-of-brain-oxygenation-imbalance-following-soman-exposure-in-rats
#9
Kevin Lee, Sara Bohnert, Ying Wu, Cory Vair, John Mikler, G Campbell Teskey, Jeff F Dunn
Nerve agents (NAs) are potent organophosphorus (OP) compounds with applications in chemical warfare. OP compounds act by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Soman (O-pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate) is one of the most potent NAs. It is well known that small doses of NAs can be lethal, and that even non-lethal exposure leads to long-term mental debilitation/neurological damage. However, the neuropathology following exposure to sub-lethal nerve agents is not well understood. In this study we examined changes in tissue oxygenation (pO2) in the cortex and hippocampus after a sub-lethal dose of soman [80-90 μg/kg; subcutaneous]...
January 26, 2018: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372954/treatment-options-for-amelobastic-carcinoma-of-the-mandible-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
G A Sheridan, M A Nusrath, M Toner, L Fa Stassen
We retrospectively review the only three cases in the Irish National Maxillofacial Unit over a 12-year period. Methods involved retrospectively reviewing clinical notes, radiology and histopathology of three cases. Case one was an 80-year-old male presenting with mandibular swelling, who received radiotherapy alone. Case two was a 26-year-old male with swelling and odynophagia. He underwent left hemimandibulectomy and fibular free flap reconstruction. Case three was a 64-year-old female with mental nerve involvement who underwent a right hemimandibulectomy...
September 18, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356216/treatment-gap-for-anxiety-disorders-is-global-results-of-the-world-mental-health-surveys-in-21-countries
#11
Jordi Alonso, Zhaorui Liu, Sara Evans-Lacko, Ekaterina Sadikova, Nancy Sampson, Somnath Chatterji, Jibril Abdulmalik, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Laura H Andrade, Ronny Bruffaerts, Graça Cardoso, Alfredo Cia, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep M Haro, Yanling He, Peter de Jonge, Elie G Karam, Norito Kawakami, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, Daphna Levinson, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Margreet Ten Have, Zahari Zarkov, Ronald C Kessler, Graham Thornicroft
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are a major cause of burden of disease. Treatment gaps have been described, but a worldwide evaluation is lacking. We estimated, among individuals with a 12-month DSM-IV (where DSM is Diagnostic Statistical Manual) anxiety disorder in 21 countries, the proportion who (i) perceived a need for treatment; (ii) received any treatment; and (iii) received possibly adequate treatment. METHODS: Data from 23 community surveys in 21 countries of the World Mental Health (WMH) surveys...
January 22, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333369/assessment-of-the-anterior-loop-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-via-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#12
Baratollah Shaban, Amin Khajavi, Nasim Khaki, Yones Mohiti, Tahere Mehri, Hamed Kermani
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate different anatomical variants of the anterior loop of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) via cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: CBCT images of 71 patients (36 males and 35 females) were evaluated. We used the classification described by Solar for IAN evaluation. In this classification, three different types of IAN loops were introduced prior to emerging from the mental foramen. We classified patients according to this system and introduced a new, fourth type...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328454/resveratrol-ameliorates-depressive-disorder-through-the-netrin1-mediated-extracellular%C3%A2-signal-regulated-kinase-camp-signal-transduction-pathway
#13
Feifei Wang, Jinhui Wang, Jinghong An, Guoming Yuan, Xiaolei Hao, Yi Zhang
Depressive disorder is a mental health disorder caused by the dysfunction of nerve regeneration, neuroendocrine and neurobiochemistry, which frequently results in cognitive impairments and disorder. Evidence has shown that resveratrol offers benefits for the treatment of depressive disorder. In the present study, the therapeutic effects of resveratrol were investigated and the potential mechanisms mediated by resveratrol were analyzed in hippocampal neuron cells. The anti‑oxidative stress and anti‑inflammatory properties of resveratrol were also examined in vitro and in vivo...
January 5, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304808/prospective-longitudinal-outcomes-of-quality-of-life-after-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-compared-with-retropubic-radical-prostatectomy
#14
Katsuyoshi Hashine, Toshio Kakuda, Shunsuke Iuchi, Tadanori Hosokawa, Iku Ninomiya
BACKGROUND: There have been few reports on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) in Japanese patients. The aim of this study is to assess changes in HRQOL during 36 months after LRP compared with retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS: The subjects were 105 consecutive patients treated with LRP between 2011 and 2012. HRQOL was evaluated using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Medical Outcome Study 8-Items Short Form Health Survey (SF-8), and Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) at baseline and 1, 3, 6, 12 and 36 months after surgery...
January 5, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302495/modified-transoral-endoscopic-thyroid-surgery-for-treatment-of-thyroid-cancer-operative-steps-and-video
#15
Xiao-Wei Peng, Hui Li, Zan Li, Xiao Zhou, Da-Jiang Song, Bo Zhou, Chun-Liu Lv, Wen Peng
In this video we describe a kind of modified transoral endoscopic thyroid surgery involving meticulous dissection of mental nerve. Inclusion criteria are: the diameter of benign tumors such as thyroid cyst, nodular goiter were limited less than 50 mm; the malignant thyroid tumors including follicular and papillary microcarcinoma were defined as a papillary carcinoma <2 cm in diameter and endoscopic surgery required for the patient. A 6 cm arc-shaped incision was designed at oral vestibule. The branches of mental nerves at both sides were identified and exposed carefully...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290128/short-term-outcomes-of-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-without-decompression-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-at-l4-5
#16
Peter G Campbell, Pierce D Nunley, David Cavanaugh, Eubulus Kerr, Philip Andrew Utter, Kelly Frank, Marcus Stone
OBJECTIVE Recently, authors have called into question the utility and complication index of the lateral lumbar interbody fusion procedure at the L4-5 level. Furthermore, the need for direct decompression has also been debated. Here, the authors report the clinical and radiographic outcomes of transpsoas lumbar interbody fusion, relying only on indirect decompression to treat patients with neurogenic claudication secondary to Grade 1 and 2 spondylolisthesis at the L4-5 level. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective evaluation of 18 consecutive patients with Grade 1 or 2 spondylolisthesis from a prospectively maintained database...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280113/-relationship-between-functional-constipation-and-brain-gut-microbiota-axis
#17
Qiyi Chen, Jun Jiang
Although with the higher prevalence, the overall treatment result of functional constipation is still not satisfied at home and abroad. The diagnosis and treatment of functional constipation are still to focus on colon itself. Functional constipation has complex interactions among intestinal flora, intestinal autonomic nerve and central nervous system. Patients with functional constipation have different degrees of mental and psychological dysfunction, and abnormal brain function can result in disorders of colon dynamics, secretion and immune function...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276734/stress-the-gut-brain-axis-regulation-by-the-microbiome
#18
REVIEW
Jane A Foster, Linda Rinaman, John F Cryan
The importance of the gut-brain axis in regulating stress-related responses has long been appreciated. More recently, the microbiota has emerged as a key player in the control of this axis, especially during conditions of stress provoked by real or perceived homeostatic challenge. Diet is one of the most important modifying factors of the microbiota-gut-brain axis. The routes of communication between the microbiota and brain are slowly being unravelled, and include the vagus nerve, gut hormone signaling, the immune system, tryptophan metabolism, and microbial metabolites such as short chain fatty acids...
December 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273251/outcomes-and-complications-following-endoscopically-assisted-percutaneous-achilles-tendon-repair
#19
Chamnanni Rungprai, Phinit Phisitkul
PURPOSE: To review functional and clinical outcomes as well as complications in patients who underwent endoscopically assisted percutaneous Achilles tendon repair using 4-strand core suture configuration via a 6-portal technique. METHODS: A retrospective chart review with prospectively collected data was performed in 23 consecutive patients who underwent endoscopically assisted percutaneous Achilles tendon repair between 2008 and 2015. The minimum follow-up to be included in the study was 24 months...
December 19, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262476/-short-stature-optic-nerve-atrophy-and-pelger-hu%C3%A3-t-anomaly-syndrome-with-antibody-immunodeficiency-and-aplastic-anemia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
T Y He, N Zhang, Y Xia, Y Luo, C R Li, J Yang
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and genetic characteristics of cases with NBAS gene defects. Method: Characteristics of clinical materials, immunological data and gene mutation of the first case in China with NBAS gene mutation were retrospectively analyzed. The related literature was searched by using search terms'NBAS'. Result: A 2-year-four-month old girl, was admitted due to 'fever and pallor for one day'. There was an intrauterine growth retardation at her fetal stage. Since her birth, she had suffered from recurrent infections and development delay was accompanied by persistent liver dysfunction...
December 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
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