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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044790/acute-appendicitis
#1
REVIEW
Mark D Stringer
Acute appendicitis is the most common reason for abdominal surgery in children. Luminal obstruction of the appendix progresses to suppurative inflammation and perforation, which causes generalised peritonitis or an appendix mass/abscess. Classical features include periumbilical pain that migrates to the right iliac fossa, anorexia, fever, and tenderness and guarding in the right iliac fossa. Atypical presentations are particularly common in preschool children. A clinical diagnosis is possible in most cases, after a period of active observation if necessary; inflammatory markers and an ultrasound scan are useful investigations when the diagnosis is uncertain...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043693/-post-appendectomy-intra-abdominal-abscesses-six-years-experience-in-a-pediatric-surgery-department
#2
A Coelho, C Sousa, A S Marinho, J Barbosa-Sequeira, M Recaman, F Carvalho
OBJECTIVES: Post-appendectomy intra-abdominal abscesses are estimated to complicate up to 4.2% of acute non-perforated appendicitis and between 6.7% and 28% acute perforated appendicitis. This study was performed with the aim to review and characterize post-appendectomy intra-abdominal abscesses in our Pediatric Surgery department; to calculate their incidence and to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment modality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients, under 18 years and with the diagnosis of intra-abdominal abscess post-appendectomy, between January 2010 and December 2015 was performed, taking in account initial surgical approach, type of acute appendicitis, length of hospital stay and the treatment applied...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043692/-appendicitis-versus-nonspecific-acute-abdominal-pain-diagnostic-accuracy-of-ultrasound
#3
M Prada Arias, J L Vázquez, A Salgado Barreira, J Gómez Veiras, S García Saavedra, P Fernández Eire, M Montero Sánchez, J R Fernández Lorenzo
PURPOUSE: The aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound to differentiate appendicitis from nonspecific acute abdominal pain, that is the most common process requiring differential diagnosis in clinical practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients admitted for suspicion of appendicitis were prospectively evaluated in our hospital during two years (2013-2014). Cases of nonspecific acute abdominal pain and appendicitis assessed by ultrasound were enrolled in the study...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042700/preoperative-risk-factors-for-conversion-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-to-open-cholecystectomy-and-the-usefulness-of-the-2013-tokyo-guidelines
#4
Masashi Utsumi, Hideki Aoki, Tomoyoshi Kunitomo, Yutaka Mushiake, Isao Yasuhara, Fumitaka Taniguchi, Takashi Arata, Koh Katsuda, Kohji Tanakaya, Hitoshi Takeuchi
To identify predictive factors for conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to open cholecystectomy performed for mixed indications as an acute or elective procedure. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 236 consecutive cases of LC performed in our department between January 2012 and January 2015, and evaluated preoperative risk factors for conversion and the usefulness of the 2013 Tokyo guidelines (TG2013) for diagnosing acute cholecystitis. The conversion rate in our series was 8% (19/236 cases)...
October 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041910/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-in-a-patient-with-ileus-a-case-report
#5
Chen-Yu C Guo, Nan-Sung Chou
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a form of stress-induced cardiomyopathy featured by the dilatation of the apex of the left ventricle during systole. Whereas the pathogenesis of this disorder is not well understood, it usually occurs after an emotional or physical stress such as acute asthma, surgery, chemotherapy, and stroke. However, its occurrence in ileus patients is rarely reported. We hereby report probably the first case of TCM after ileus in the literature and discuss its implications...
October 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038776/torsion-of-an-accessory-hepatic-lobe-with-embedded-gallbladder-in-an-11-month-old-boy
#6
Chiman Lal Thakral, Ganji Shivalingam, Faizan Manzoor Dar, Nimish Thakral
An accessory lobe of the liver is a rare entity in clinical practice which is diagnosed incidentally. Infrequently, it may present as torsion with a clinical picture of an acute abdomen, a palpable mass, and may be associated with liver function abnormalities. Many of these patients have a history of previous surgery for congenital abdominal wall defects such as omphalocele. We present an extremely rare case of torsion of an accessory hepatic lobe in an 11-month-old male patient who presented in a state of shock...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038191/obstructive-uropathy-as-initial-presentation-of-genitourinary-tuberculosis-and-masquerading-as-a-postsurgical-complication
#7
Grace Igiraneza, Theobald Hategekimana, Olivier M Manzi, Onyema Ogbuagu
A 46-year-old woman who had a recent total abdominal hysterectomy presented with a 1 month history of lower abdominal pain, 1 week of nausea and vomiting as well as decreased urinary output preceded by a year of significant unintentional weight loss. On renal imaging, she was found to have bilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureters in the setting of bilateral distal ureteric obstruction complicated with acute kidney injury and severe hyperkalaemia requiring haemodialysis. The initial concern was for ureteric injury, a known complication of abdominal hysterectomy procedures, however, a urological intervention, performed 9 months later to relieve the ureteric obstruction, revealed purulent material within the left ureter that was smear positive for acid fast bacilli...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035926/damage-control-surgery-current-state-and-future-directions
#8
Daniel Benz, Zsolt J Balogh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Damage control surgery (DCS) represents a staged surgical approach to the treatment of critically injured trauma patients. Originally described in the context of hepatic trauma and postinjury-induced coagulopathy, the indications for DCS have expanded to the management of extra abdominal trauma and to the management of nontraumatic acute abdominal emergencies. Despite being an accepted treatment algorithm, DCS is based on a limited evidence with current concerns of the variability in practice indications, rates and adverse outcomes in poorly selected patient cohorts...
October 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033359/immediate-postoperative-plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-to-predict-acute-kidney-injury-after-major-open-abdominal-aortic-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study
#9
Philippe Guerci, Jean-Louis Claudot, Emmanuel Novy, Nicla Settembre, Jean-Marc Lalot, Marie-Reine Losser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030346/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-aortic-dissection-detection-risk-score-plus-d-dimer-for-acute-aortic-syndromes-the-advised-prospective-multicenter-study
#10
Peiman Nazerian, Christian Mueller, Alexandre de Matos Soeiro, Bernd A Leidel, Sibilla Anna Teresa Salvadeo, Francesca Giachino, Simone Vanni, Karin Grimm, Múcio T Oliveira, Emanuele E Pivetta, Enrico Lupia, Stefano Grifoni, Fulvio Morello
Background -Acute aortic syndromes (AAS) are rare and severe cardiovascular emergencies with unspecific symptoms. For AAS, both misdiagnosis and over-testing are key concerns, and standardized diagnostic strategies may help physicians to balance these risks. D-dimer (DD) is highly sensitive for AAS, but is inadequate as a standalone test. Integration of pre-test probability assessment (PPA) with D-dimer (DD) testing is feasible, but the safety and efficiency of such diagnostic strategy are currently unknown...
October 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026834/conservative-approach-to-the-acute-management-of-a-large-mesenteric-cyst
#11
Billy C Leung, Ruth Sankey, Matteo Fronza, Mohamed Maatouk
Mesenteric cysts are rare, benign gastrointestinal cystic lesions, which are often non-troublesome and present as an incidental radiological finding. However, surgery is often performed in the acute setting to remove lesions that are symptomatic. This report highlights the case of a large, symptomatic mesenteric cyst managed successfully with initial conservative measures followed by planned elective surgery. A 44-year-old female presented with a four-day history of generalised abdominal pain associated with distension, fever, diarrhoea and vomiting...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024841/complicated-acute-appendicitis-presenting-as-an-abscess-in-the-abdominal-wall-in-an-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#12
Ibrahim Massuqueto Andrade Gomes de Souza, Diego Antonio De Almeida Nunes, Carolina Morandim Granito Massuqueto, Marcos Alberto de Mendonça Veiga, Horacio Tamada
INTRODUCTION: Appendicitis is a common cause of acute abdomen; however, the classic clinical signs are not often present, and it has unusual presentations. Thus, its diagnosis can be challenging. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe the case of an elderly man who presented with right abdominal wall abscess with spontaneous drainage in the emergency department. Since we suspected a subjacent abdominal pathology, we performed surgery, and intraoperatively, we observed that the Appendix tip had invaded the abdominal wall...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016446/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-acute-pancreatitis-following-scoliosis-surgery-a-prospective-study
#13
Fan Feng, Haining Tan, Xingye Li, Yi Qiao, Chong Chen, Youxi Lin, Zheng Li, Jianxiong Shen
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of acute pancreatitis after scoliosis surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pancreatitis has been recognized as a possible complication of extra-abdominal surgeries. However, there were few reports on the incidence and risk factors of acute pancreatitis following scoliosis surgery. METHODS: A prospective clinical study was performed at our center from September 2014 to October 2015...
October 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016218/impact-of-resident-performed-laparoscopic-appendectomy-on-patient-outcomes-and-safety
#14
Wonkyeong Lee, Sun Jin Park, Min-Su Park, Kil Yeon Lee
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic appendectomy is a training model for surgical residents to begin their surgical experience. However, there is concern about worse outcomes of surgery performed by inexperienced residents. We investigated surgical outcomes and patient safety in laparoscopic appendectomy performed by residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all consecutive patients operated on for acute appendicitis in a single tertiary hospital...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988019/acute-intermittent-porphyria-after-right-hemi-colectomy
#15
Shadi Alshammary, Reem Al Dulaijan, Khaldoon Saleh, Hazem Zakaria, Ahmed Eldamati, Norah Alwakeel, Abdulmohsen Al-Mulhim
INTRODUCTION: Acute intermittent porphyria is a rare autosomal dominant metabolic disease. It is caused by a genetic mutation that results in deficiency of porphobilinogen deaminase enzyme, the third enzyme in heme biosynthesis. Acute intermittent porphyria precipitated by surgery is very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 24 year-old woman who developed acute intermittent porphyria five days after right hemi-colectomy. Her presentation included neuro-visceral and psychiatric manifestations, and severe hyponatremia...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986551/towards-remote-assessment-and-screening-of-acute-abdominal-pain-using-only-a-smartphone-with-native-accelerometers
#16
David R Myers, Alexander Weiss, Margo R Rollins, Wilbur A Lam
Smartphone-based telehealth holds the promise of shifting healthcare from the clinic to the home, but the inability for clinicians to conduct remote palpation, or touching, a key component of the physical exam, remains a major limitation. This is exemplified in the assessment of acute abdominal pain, in which a physician's palpation determines if a patient's pain is life-threatening requiring emergency intervention/surgery or due to some less-urgent cause. In a step towards virtual physical examinations, we developed and report for the first time a "touch-capable" mHealth technology that enables a patient's own hands to serve as remote surrogates for the physician's in the screening of acute abdominal pain...
October 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985640/-prophylactic-appendectomy-yes-or-no
#17
Sabine Kersting, Periklis Dimasis, Siri Wiesmann, Ulrich Mittelkötter
Background At more than 50%, appendicitis is the leading cause of acute intra-abdominal disease requiring surgery. In the course of various other operations, prophylactic appendectomy (PA) is frequently performed. Objectives This study examines to what extent PA is justified. Patients and Methods A prospective study was performed in all patients (n = 173) undergoing prophylactic appendectomy in Katharinen Hospital Unna between January 2010 and October 2013. The following variables were analysed: age, gender, type of primary surgery, emergency or elective surgery, complications, lethality, intraoperative and histopathological evaluation of the appendix...
October 6, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981568/assessment-of-dynamic-variables-of-fluid-responsiveness-to-predict-desufflation-induced-hypotension-during-paediatric-laparoscopic-surgery
#18
E-H Kim, J-H Lee, I-K Song, H-G Ryu, H-S Kim, J-T Kim
Background: During laparoscopic surgery in paediatric patients, sudden hypotension may occur following peritoneal desufflation due to hypovolaemia or an acute increase in gastrointestinal venous capacitance by the release of intra-abdominal pressure. This study examined whether dynamic variables of fluid responsiveness during pneumoperitoneum can predict the occurrence of hypotension following desufflation. Methods: A total of 120 paediatric subjects were prospectively enrolled...
July 28, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981493/acute-abdominal-pain-changes-in-the-way-we-assess-it-over-a-decade
#19
Kirsten de Burlet, Anna Lam, Peter Larsen, Elizabeth Dennett
AIMS: Acute abdominal pain accounts for 5-10% of all emergency department visits. Rapid and accurate diagnosis is critical to ensure optimal outcomes. In the last decade, increased use of CT scans and the introduction of surgical short stay units has changed the way this group of patients is managed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of these changes on patient management. METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was undertaken including all patients admitted with abdominal pain under general surgery in the years 2004, 2009 and 2014...
October 6, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974903/drainage-fluid-and-serum-amylase-levels-accurately-predict-development-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula
#20
Shuo Jin, Xiao-Ju Shi, Si-Yuan Wang, Ping Zhang, Guo-Yue Lv, Xiao-Hong Du, Guang-Yi Wang
AIM: To investigate potential biomarkers for predicting postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: We prospectively recruited 83 patients to this study. All patients underwent PD (Child's procedure) at the Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery at the First Bethune Hospital of Jilin University between June 2011 and April 2015. Data pertaining to demographic variables, clinical characteristics, texture of pancreas, surgical approach, histopathological results, white blood cell count, amylase and choline levels in the serum, pancreatic/gastric drainage fluid, and choline and amylase levels in abdominal drainage fluid were included in the analysis...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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