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Diabetic nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050650/glycaemic-response-after-intake-of-a-high-energy-high-protein-diabetes-specific-formula-in-older-malnourished-or-at-risk-of-malnutrition-type-2-diabetes-patients
#1
Hamid Laksir, Mirian Lansink, Sophie C Regueme, Johan de Vogel-van den Bosch, Andreas F H Pfeiffer, Isabelle Bourdel-Marchasson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several studies with diabetes-specific formulas (DSFs) for hyperglycaemic patients in need of nutritional support have been conducted in non-malnourished patients, mainly comparing products with varying macronutrient compositions. Here, the effect of a high energy, high protein DSF on postprandial responses was compared to a product with a similar macronutrient composition in malnourished or at risk of malnutrition patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind cross-over study, 20 patients were included...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049309/validation-of-surrogate-markers-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factor-clustering-in-children-and-adolescents-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#2
Ji-Young Seo, Jae Hyun Kim
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children is increasing and identifying the risk factors for MetS during childhood is an important first step to prevent chronic diseases later in life. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and cardiometabolic risk factor (CMRF) clustering among Korean children and adolescents and to validate the associated anthropometric and laboratory surrogate markers. We used data from the 2011-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049303/a-mediterranean-diet-with-additional-extra-virgin-olive-oil-and-pistachios-reduces-the-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-st-carlos-gdm-prevention-study
#3
Carla Assaf-Balut, Nuria García de la Torre, Alejandra Durán, Manuel Fuentes, Elena Bordiú, Laura Del Valle, Cristina Familiar, Ana Ortolá, Inés Jiménez, Miguel A Herraiz, Nuria Izquierdo, Noelia Perez, María J Torrejon, María I Ortega, Francisco J Illana, Isabelle Runkle, Maria P de Miguel, Carmen Montañez, Ana Barabash, Martín Cuesta, Miguel A Rubio, Alfonso L Calle-Pascual
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing and becoming a major public health concern. Whether a Mediterranean diet can help prevent GDM in unselected pregnant women has yet to be studied. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the incidence of GDM with two different dietary models. All consecutive normoglycemic (<92 mg/dL) pregnant women at 8-12 gestational weeks (GW) were assigned to Intervention Group (IG, n = 500): MedDiet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and pistachios; or Control Group (CG, n = 500): standard diet with limited fat intake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048714/high-genetic-risk-scores-for-impaired-insulin-secretory-capacity-doubles-the-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-in-asians-and-is-exacerbated-by-western-type-diets
#4
Da Sol Kim, Byoung Chul Kim, James W Daily, Sunmin Park
BACKGROUND: Asians have among the highest incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the world, partly due to low β-cell function, causing them to rapidly develop T2DM when insulin resistant. This study tested the hypothesis that genetic polymorphisms are responsible for the low β-cell function and that dietary factors interact with the genes to exacerbate their risk of T2DM. METHODS: We selected 10 genetic variants of 5 genes involved in insulin secretion (CDKAL1, KCNQ1, IDE, HHEX, and ABCA1) from the genome-wide association studies to calculate the genetic risk scores (GRSs) in 8842 Korean adults in the Ansan/Ansung cohort in the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study...
September 5, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046327/time-trends-of-dietary-and-lifestyle-factors-and-their-potential-impact-on-diabetes-burden-in-china
#5
Yanping Li, Dong D Wang, Sylvia H Ley, Malik Vasanti, Annie Green Howard, Yuna He, Frank B Hu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the secular trends in risk factors, estimate their impact on type 2 diabetes burden from 1991 to 2011, and project trends in the next 20 years. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Risk factor distributions were based on data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 1991-2011. Diabetes cases attributable to all nonoptimal levels of each risk factor were estimated by applying the comparative risk assessment method. RESULTS: In 2011, high BMI was the leading individual attributable factor for diabetes cases in China responsible for 43...
October 18, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040177/providing-self-management-education-to-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-addressing-basic-nutrition-and-hypoglycemia
#6
Carrie Palmer
NPs and other primary care providers will continue to encounter a growing population of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Helping patients engage in self-care behaviors is essential to achieve blood glucose control and prevent diabetes-related complications. This article explores opportunities to provide education to patients with diabetes mellitus on the important self-care topics of nutrition and hypoglycemia during a primary care visit.
November 16, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039450/insulin-restores-ucp3-activity-and-decreases-energy-surfeit-to-alleviate-lipotoxicity-in-skeletal-muscle
#7
Wenjuan Tang, Sunyinyan Tang, Hongdong Wang, Zhijuan Ge, Dalong Zhu, Yan Bi
An early insulin regimen ameliorates glucotoxicity but also lipotoxicity in type 2 diabetes; however, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In the present study, we investigated the role of mitochondria in lipid regulation following early insulin administration in insulin-resistant skeletal muscle cells. Male C57BL/6 mice, fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks, were treated with insulin for 3 weeks, and L6 myotubes cultured with palmitate (PA) for 24 h were incubated with insulin for another 12 h. The results showed that insulin facilitated systemic glucose disposal and attenuated muscular triglyceride accumulation in vivo...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038694/dietary-habits-physical-activity-and-diabetes-perception-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-tabuk-city-saudi-arabia
#8
Nadiyah Abdullah Al-Mountashiri, Amal Mohammad Al-Zhrani, Shereen Fawzy Hafez Ibrahim, Hyder Othman Mirghani
BACKGROUND: Medical nutritional therapy is an important aspect of diabetes care, there is an increasing awareness of breakfast skipping, late dinner and meal contents on diabetes control. AIM: To assess dietary habits, physical activity and diabetes perception among patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted among patients with diabetes mellitus at the diabetes center in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia during the period from March through June 2017...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038669/body-composition-is-altered-in-pre-diabetic-patients-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-tolerance-results-from-the-nhanes-survey
#9
Valerie Julian, Romain Blondel, Bruno Pereira, David Thivel, Yves Boirie, Martine Duclos
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with a loss of muscle mass but the impact of fasting blood glucose (FBG) on body composition remains underappreciated in pre-diabetic subjects. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of FBG on lean mass (LM), fat mass (FM) and their distribution (trunk vs. appendicular), separately in middle-aged men and women. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred and eleven (1,911) men (63...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035175/lifestyle-medicine-a-brief-review-of-its-dramatic-impact-on-health-and-survival
#10
Balazs I Bodai, Therese E Nakata, William T Wong, Dawn R Clark, Steven Lawenda, Christine Tsou, Raymond Liu, Linda Shiue, Neil Cooper, Michael Rehbein, Benjamin P Ha, Anne Mckeirnan, Rajiv Misquitta, Pankaj Vij, Andrew Klonecke, Carmelo S Mejia, Emil Dionysian, Sean Hashmi, Michael Greger, Scott Stoll, Thomas M Campbell
By ignoring the root causes of disease and neglecting to prioritize lifestyle measures for prevention, the medical community is placing people at harm. Advanced nations, influenced by a Western lifestyle, are in the midst of a health crisis, resulting largely from poor lifestyle choices. Epidemiologic, ecologic, and interventional studies have repeatedly indicated that most chronic illnesses, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes, are the result of lifestyles fueled by poor nutrition and physical inactivity...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033938/early-life-nutritional-factors-and-mucosal-immunity-in-the-development-of-autoimmune-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Ling Xiao, Belinda Van't Land, Wouter R P H van de Worp, Bernd Stahl, Gert Folkerts, Johan Garssen
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an immune-mediated disease with a strong genetic basis but might be influenced by non-genetic factors such as microbiome development that "programs" the immune system during early life as well. Factors influencing pathogenesis, including a leaky intestinal mucosal barrier, an aberrant gut microbiota composition, and altered immune responsiveness, offer potential targets for prevention and/or treatment of T1D through nutritional or pharmacologic means. In this review, nutritional approaches during early life in order to protect against T1D development have been discussed...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033312/higher-serum-albumin-was-related-with-diabetes-incidence-and-the-impact-of-bmi-changes-based-on-cohort-study-of-18-384-chinese-male-elderly
#12
Miao Liu, Jingping Tang, Jing Zeng, Yao He
AIMS: Albumin (ALB) was a useful marker of nutrition and general health status. However, the conclusion about the association between ALB and diabetes was inconsistent, and little information was known about the elderly. METHODS: A cohort study based on 18,384 army cadres was conducted Beijing, from 2009 to 2013. RESULTS: The mean age of the total 18,384 participants was 71±14years, and the mean ALB concentration was 44.33±3.94g/L at baseline...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031006/the-kidney-and-cvots
#13
EDITORIAL
Zachary Bloomgarden
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects a substantial minority of persons with type 2 diabetes. Analysis of US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) datasets from 2007 through 2012 showed stage 3 or worse disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) ) in nearly one in five patients, with increasing age, blood pressure, obesity and levels of glycemia all associated with higher likelihood ((1) ), comparable to findings from surveys from many other areas, which also show micro- or macroalbuminuria to be present in one sixth to one third of diabetic persons ((2) )...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030699/prematurity-and-biliary-atresia-a-30-year-observational-study
#14
Natalie Durkin, Maesha Deheragoda, Mark Davenport
AIM OF STUDY: The diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA) remains challenging and delay can lead to significant morbidity with time to surgery a key factor in determining outcome. Prematurity may impact on outcome potentially delaying diagnosis. We sought to assess whether the premature BA infants (PBA) have a delayed time to surgery and as such, worse outcomes? METHODS: Review of a single-centre prospectively maintained database. Prematurity was defined as delivery < 37/40 gestation...
October 13, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029780/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-after-stoma-closure-comparison-between-pursestring-wound-closure-and-conventional-linear-wound-closure-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#15
Masashi Yamamoto, Keitaro Tanaka, Shinsuke Masubuchi, Masatsugu Ishii, Hiroki Hamamoto, Shigenori Suzuki, Yasuhiko Ueda, Junji Okuda, Kazuhisa Uchiyama
PURPOSE: Stoma closure has been associated with a high rate of surgical site infection (SSI) and the optimal skin closure method is still controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes between the conventional linear closure (CC) and the persestring closure (PC) using propensity score matching analysis. METHODS: We analysed the data of 360 patients who underwent stoma closure with CC or PC between January 2000 and December 2014...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025531/-endocrinology-in-portugal-census-2016-board-of-the-portuguese-college-of-endocrinology-and-nutrition-of-the-portuguese-medical-association
#16
Joana Guimarães, António Afonso, Davide Carvalho, Ana Paula Marques, Teresa Martins, Mário Rui Mascarenhas, Conceição Pereira, Dírcea Rodrigues, Catarina Saraiva, Helena Cardoso
INTRODUCTION: On September 2016, the Board of the College of Endocrinology and Nutrition of the Portuguese Medical Association carried out a national survey, about all Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Departments of the public hospitals included in the Portuguese National Health Service and a simplified version of this survey was sent to all endocrinologists working in Portugal and registered with the Portuguese Medical Association. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data related to organizational and human resources were collected, reporting the situation by the end of year 2015...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025080/exposure-to-perchlorate-nitrate-and-thiocyanate-and-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Klodian Dhana, Yang Hu, Benjamin C Blount, Maria Morel-Espinosa, Qi Sun
Background: It is known that perchlorate, nitrate and thiocyanate have the property of inhibiting sodium iodide symporter. Animal studies have suggested that these compounds, especially perchlorate, might also interfere with insulin secretion. However, the association between their exposure and diabetes risk is largely unknown in humans. Methods: Among 11 443 participants (mean age 42.3 years) from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2001-14, urinary perchlorate, nitrate and thiocyanate were measured by using ion chromatography coupled with electrospray tandem mass spectrometry...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023081/frailty-predicts-adverse-outcomes-in-older-people-with-diabetes
#18
Joanna Ulley, Ahmed H Abdelhafiz
The greatest proportional increase in the number of people with diabetes by age group is predicted to occur in those aged 60 to 79. In older people living with diabetes, geriatric syndromes, which indicate frailty, are emerging as a third category of complications in addition to the traditional microvascular and macrovascular sequelae. Frailty is defined by the presence of three or more phenotypes (weight loss, weakness, decreased physical activity, exhaustion and slow gait speed). The presence of one or two phenotypes describes a pre-frail state, and the absence of phenotypes describes a non-frail person...
January 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022606/zinc-supplementation-mitigates-its-dyshomeostasis-in-experimental-diabetic-rats-by-regulating-the-expression-of-zinc-transporters-and-metallothionein
#19
Susmita Barman, Seetur R Pradeep, Krishnapura Srinivasan
Zinc depletion during diabetes projects a role for zinc nutrition in this condition. This study explored whether zinc supplementation annuls diabetes-induced zinc dyshomeostasis through modulation of zinc transporters and metallothionein. Groups of hyperglycemic rats were exposed for six weeks to supplemental zinc (5 or 10-times the normal level). Intracellular zinc concentration and zinc transporter and metallothionein expression levels in different tissues were analysed. Depleted zinc concentrations in different organs were restored by zinc supplementation...
October 12, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022562/ketogenic-diet-in-endocrine-disorders-current-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
L Gupta, D Khandelwal, S Kalra, P Gupta, D Dutta, S Aggarwal
Ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that leads to nutritional ketosis, long known for antiepileptic effects and has been used therapeutically to treat refractory epilepsy. This review attempts to summarize the evidence and clinical application of KD in diabetes, obesity, and other endocrine disorders. KD is usually animal protein based. An empiric vegetarian Indian variant of KD has been provided keeping in mind the Indian food habits. KD has beneficial effects on cardiac ischemic preconditioning, improves oxygenation in patients with respiratory failure, improves glycemic control in diabetics, is associated with significant weight loss, and has a beneficial impact on polycystic ovarian syndrome...
October 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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