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Type2 diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866115/association-between-promoter-polymorphism-108c-t-of-paraoxonase1-gene-and-it-s-paraoxonase-activity-in-patients-with-type2-diabetes-in-northern-iran
#1
Raheleh Shakeri, Safoura Khajeniazi, Abdoljalal Marjani
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the diseases which depend on the obesity associated with insulin resistance. Various factors, such as a reduction in the activity of paraoxonase-1 enzyme (PON1), could affect T2DM. PON1 is a multifunctional enzyme with paraoxonase and arylesterase activities. The Activity of PON1 is influenced by various SNPs. The aim of presence study is to investigate the association between promoter polymorphism (-108C>T) of PON1 gene and its paraoxonase activity in patients suffering from Type 2 diabetes in Golestan Province, north of Iran...
September 1, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841665/prevalence-and-pattern-of-co-morbidity-among-type2-diabetics-attending-urban-primary-healthcare-centers-at-bhubaneswar-india
#2
Sandipana Pati, F G Schellevis
OBJECTIVE: India has the second largest diabetic population in the world. The chronic nature of the disease and high prevalence of co-existing chronic medical conditions or "co morbidities" makes diabetes management complex for the patient and for health care providers. Hence a strong need was felt to explore the problem of co morbidity among diabetics and its dimensions in primary health care practices. METHOD: This cross sectional survey was carried out on 912 type 2 diabetes patients attending different urban primary health care facilities at Bhubaneswar...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818268/-metformin-resistant-folic-acid-producing-probiotics-or-folic-acid-against-metformin-s-adverse-effects-like-diarrhea
#3
Abdullah Olgun
Metformin, first line medication in the treatment of type2 diabetes by millions of patients worldwide, causes gastrointestinal adverse effects (i.e. diarrhea) in approximately 30% of patients, frequently leading to discontinuation. Interestingly, metformin was reported to increase life span in a microscopic worm, Caenorhabditis elegans, by decreasing folate and methionine production of bacteria that this worm uses as a food source. Metformin can be expected to have a similar effect on some microorganisms of human gut microbiota...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812216/an-overview-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-glycation-of-albumin-a-potential-disease-marker-in-diabetes-mellitus
#4
REVIEW
Km Neelofar, Jamal Ahmad
Non-enzymatic glycation of macromolecules, especially proteins leading to their oxidation is increased in diabetes mellitus due to hyperglycaemia and play an important role in associated complications of the disease. Protein glycation mostly occurs in intra chain lysine residues resulting in the formation of early stage Amadori products which are finally converted to advance glycation end products (AGEs). This review deals with the structural studies of in vitro and in vivo glycated human serum albumin (HSA)...
August 15, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732655/assessing-variability-in-compliance-with-recommendations-given-by-the-international-diabetes-federation-idf-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care-using-electronic-records-the-apna-study
#5
Antonio Brugos-Larumbe, Pablo Aldaz-Herce, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Francisco Javier Garjón-Parra, Francisco Javier Bartolomé-Resano, María Teresa Arizaleta-Beloqui, Ignacio Pérez-Ciordia, Ana María Fernández-Navascués, María José Lerena-Rivas, Jesús Berjón-Reyero, Luisa Jusué-Rípodas, Ines Aguinaga-Ontoso
OBJECTIVE: Assess compliance with the IDF recommendations for patients with Diabetes Type2 (DM2), and its variability, by groups of doctors and nurses who provide primary care services in Navarre (Spain). MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGIES: A cross-sectional study of a population of 462,568 inhabitants, aged ≥18 years in 2013, attended by 381 units of doctor/nurse (quota). Clinical data were collected retrospectively through electronic records. Using cluster analysis, we identified two groups of units according to the score for each indicator...
July 18, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712186/glycaemic-control-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-during-ramazan-fasting
#6
Uzma Malik, Nasir Mahmood, Khurshid Ahmed Khan, Maliha Hameed, Fawad Ahmed Randhawa, Sadia Salman, Amna Riaz, Khadija Waheed, Aqeela Rasheed
BACKGROUND: Among five main pillars of Islam Fasting is one of the key elements, all healthy adult Muslims have to observe fast from dawn till dusk during the holy month of Ramadan. According to a 2009 demographic study, Islam has 1.57 billion believers, making up 23% of the world population of 6.8 billion, and is growing by 3% per year. EPIDIAR (epidemiology of diabetes and Ramadan) study showed that 43% patients with type 1 and 79% patients with type2 diabetes observe fast during the month of Ramadan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701285/association-of-divalent-cations-and-insulin-resistance-with-thyroid-hormones-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Rajendran Jayanthi, Abu Raghavan Srinivasan, Niranjan Gopal, Ramesh Ramaswamy
AIM: The study was primarily aimed at investigating the association of Magnesium and Zinc levels in the serum of adult Non- obese and Obese type 2 diabetic patients, with particular reference to thyroid comorbidity. METHODS: 108 patients with T2DM of both genders (24 Non obese and 84 Obese) were enrolled from a tertiary health care unit in Puducherry. The cardio-metabolic risk factors were assessed through body mass index, Waist hip ratio, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile and glycated haemoglobin...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666031/the-association-between-the-number-of-office-visits-and-the-control-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-iranian-patients-with-type2-diabetes
#8
Sedighe Moradi, Zeinab Sahebi, Ameneh Ebrahim Valojerdi, Farzaneh Rohani, Hooman Ebrahimi
INTRODUCTION: Patients with diabetes type2 should receive regular medical care. We aimed at investigating the association between the number of office visits and improvement of their cardiovascular-risk factors. METHODS: Four hundred and ninety patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were followed in a tertiary center were enrolled in this longitudinal study. The minimum follow up period was 3 years. Patient data were extracted from manual or electronic records...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654853/association-of-matrix-%C3%AE-carboxyglutamic-acid-protein-levels-with-insulin-resistance-and-lp-a-in-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Stavros Antonopoulos, Maria Mylonopoulou, Angeliki M Angelidi, Antonis A Kousoulis, Nicholas Tentolouris
AIMS: The risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality is increased in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), with a background role of vascular calcification in the development of CVD also reported. Studies have demonstrated that high lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) levels accelerate the development of atherosclerolsis and are potentially involved in the vascular calcification. Matrix Gla Protein (MGP) seems to play an important role in vascular calcification. The aim of the study was to examine the potential association of MGP concentrations with Lp(a) and insulin resistance...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622686/alpha-glucosidase-inhibitor-use-is-associated-with-decreased-colorectal-neoplasia-risk-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-receiving-colonoscopy-a-retrospective-study
#10
Yohei Horibe, Seiji Adachi, Tomohiko Ohno, Naoe Goto, Mitsuru Okuno, Midori Iwama, Osamu Yamauchi, Takao Kojima, Koshiro Saito, Takashi Ibuka, Ichiro Yasuda, Hiroshi Araki, Hisataka Moriwaki, Masahito Shimizu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the factors that influence the incidence of colorectal neoplasia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Among a total of 1176 patients who underwent total colonoscopy at our hospital, we retrospectively analyzed 168 patients with type 2 DM. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were then performed to identify the risk factors associated with colorectal neoplasia...
June 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588099/age-dependent-decline-in-the-coordinated-ca-2-and-insulin-secretory-dynamics-in-human-pancreatic-islets
#11
Matthew J Westacott, Nikki L Farnsworth, Joshua R St Clair, Greg Poffenberger, Audrey Heintz, Nurin W Ludin, Nathaniel J Hart, Alvin C Powers, Richard K P Benninger
Aging is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes, resulting from reduced insulin sensitivity and secretion. Reduced insulin secretion can result from reduced proliferative capacity and reduced islet function. Mechanisms underlying altered β-cell function in aging are poorly understood in mouse and human islets, and the impact of aging on intraislet communication has not been characterized. Here, we examine how β-cell [Ca(2+)] and electrical communication are impacted during aging in mouse and human islets...
September 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505155/oxidative-stress-and-expression-of-insulin-signaling-proteins-in-the-brain-of-diabetic-rats-role-of-nigella-sativa-oil-and-antidiabetic-drugs
#12
Mahmoud Balbaa, Shaymaa A Abdulmalek, Sofia Khalil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Insulin resistance of the brain is a specific form of type2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the active insulin-signaling pathway plays a neuroprotective role against damaging conditions and Alzheimer's progression. The present study identifies the mediated emerging effects of the Nigella sativa oil (NSO) on the memory enhancing process, its anti-oxidative, acetylcholinestrase (AChE) inhibition, anti-brain insulin resistance and anti-amyloidogenic activities. In addition, the possible role of some anti-diabetic drugs in the neuro-protection processes and their effect in combination with NSO and/or the insulin receptor inhibitor IOMe-AG538 were investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480721/a-rare-cause-of-emphysematous-infectious-gastritis
#13
Jorge Galván Fernández, Maria Isabel Jiménez Cuenca, Isabel Molpeceres Martínez, María Luisa Álvarez-Quiñones
A 61 year-old man with a history of hypertension, type2 diabetes, chronic renal failure, tuberculosis and peripheral arterial disease presented with gangrene in the right leg. A right supracondylar amputation was performed, despite which the patient continued with a high fever, oliguria and hypotension (90/50). Laboratory work-up showed neutrophilic leukocytosis and metabolic acidosis. CT revealed pneumoperitoneum, emphysema and thickening of the gastric wall. Changing the CT window we can appreciate air dissecting the layers of the gastric wall...
May 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452726/-nesfatin-1-activity-in-patients-with-essential-hypertension-and-prediabetes-type-2-diabetes
#14
O Kovalyova, T Ashcheulova, A Demydenko, M Vizir, O Kochubiei
Essential hypertension (EH) is one of the important problems and comorbidity negatively affects the prognosis of the disease. Substantial thing is investigation of metabolic substances that influence the carbohydrate profile. Aim - investigation of the nesfatin-1 activity in patients with Essential hypertension and prediabetes/type2 diabetes. 83 patients with EH were examined and divided into groups according to dysglicemia and abdominal obesity. Significant increasing of nesfatin-1 in patients with EH 7,81±0,26 ng/ml was found comparing to controls 4,54±0,13 ng/ml, p<0,05...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443501/testicular-dysfunction-is-a-common-feature-in-men-with-type2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#15
Onung Samuel Inih, Young Ekenechukwu Esther, Fasanmade Olufemi Adetola, Anyanwu Anthony Chinedu, Nwatu Chidinma Brenda, Ohwovoriole Augustine Efedaye
BACKGROUND: Hypogonadism in male patients with diabetes mellitus is associated with older age, obesity and poor glycaemic control. The patterns of sperm count, testicular volume, sperm motility and morphology have also been reported to be abnormal in these patients, though reports are conflicting. The objectives of this study were to assess gonadal function and sperm parameters in Nigerian males with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A study sample of 150 males consisting of 108 patients and 56 age-matched controls were recruited...
April 25, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422560/effect-of-physical-activity-intervention-in-prediabetes-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#16
Radhika Aditya Jadhav, Animesh Hazari, Ashma Monterio, Sampath Kumar, Arun G Maiya
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is a strong risk factor for the development of Type2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Modification in lifestyle plays an important role to avoid the prognosis of T2DM and its complications in future. The aim of our study was to focus on the effectiveness of physical activity (PA) intervention program on different outcome measures in individuals with prediabetes. The effort of the present review was to contribute to the existing literature by strengthening the evidence pointing towards the positive impact of physical activity in individuals with prediabetes...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393626/in-silico-modelling-and-molecular-dynamics-simulation-studies-of-thiazolidine-based-ptp1b-inhibitors
#17
Manoj Kumar Mahapatra, Krishnendu Bera, Durg Vijay Singh, Rajnish Kumar, Manoj Kumar
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) has been identified as a negative regulator of insulin and leptin signalling pathway; hence, it can be considered as a new therapeutic target of intervention for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Inhibition of this molecular target takes care of both diabetes and obesity, i.e. diabestiy. In order to get more information on identification and optimization of lead, pharmacophore modelling, atom-based 3D QSAR, docking and molecular dynamics studies were carried out on a set of ligands containing thiazolidine scaffold...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392356/serum-chitotriosidase-enzyme-activity-is-closely-related-to-hba1c-levels-and-the-complications-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#18
Emre Turan, Bulent Sozmen, Mine Eltutan, Eser Y Sozmen
AIMS: Chitotriosidase, is a macrophage sourced enzyme which shows high activity during the course of various storage disorders such as Gaucher's Disease. The aforementioned macrophage sourced enzyme, which has a role in basic immune response, is also high in patients with diabetes. This study was designed to determine the chitotriosidase activities in patients with diabetes and the relationship between the complication of diabetes and chitotriosidase activity. MATERIALS METHODS: This study included 76 patients with type2 diabetes mellitus and 76 healthy subjects...
March 31, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348972/antidiabetic-hypolipidemic-and-hepatoprotective-effects-of-arctium-lappa-root-s-hydro-alcoholic-extract-on-nicotinamide-streptozotocin-induced-type-2-model-of-diabetes-in-male-mice
#19
Akram Ahangarpour, Hamid Heidari, Ali Akbar Oroojan, Farhang Mirzavandi, Khalil Nasr Esfehani, Zeinab Dehghan Mohammadi
OBJECTIVE: Arctium lappa (burdock), (A. lappa) root has hypoglycemic and antioxidative effects, and has been used for treatment of diabetes in tradition medicine. This study was conducted to evaluate the antidiabetic and hypolipidemic properties of A. lappa root extract on nicotinamide-streptozotocin (NA-STZ)-induced type2 diabetes in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this investigation, 70 adult male NMRI mice (30-35g) randomly divided into 7 groups (n=10) as follow: 1-control, 2-type 2 diabetic mice, 3-diabetic mice that received glibenclamide (0...
March 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289653/efficacy-of-low-and-moderate-intensity-statins-for-achieving-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-targets-in-thai-type-2-diabetic-patients
#20
Nuntakorn Thongtang, Chaiyut Sitthananun, Sutin Sriussadaporn, Wannee Nitiyanant
BACKGROUND: Low dose statins are commonly used among Asians, because plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reductions similar to those observed in Westerners are achieved at lower doses. We aimed to assess the efficacy of low- and moderate-intensity statins for achieving plasma lipid targets in Thai type2 diabetes (T2D) and to evaluate factors associated with greater LDL-C reduction by statins. METHODS: T2D patients who were treated with low- and moderate-intensity statins at the Siriraj Diabetes Clinic during the January 2013 to December 2014 study period were eligible for inclusion(n = 978), 400 patients were randomly recruited...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
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