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Type2 diabetes

Ivo Quack, Ralf Westenfeld
Patients with kidney disease have a significantly increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Especially diabetics have an increased risk to develop renal insufficiency and cardiovascular events. Two recent studies show that the SGLT2 inhibitor Empagliflozin and the GLP1 agonist Liraglutid are able to lower the cardiovascular risk of type2 diabetics with renal insufficiency. Recent observations suggest that bradycardia and asystole are main triggers for sudden cardiac death in patients with chronic kidney disease...
November 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Piyush Mishra, Aarati Lalchandani, J S Kushwaha, Rakesh Chandra, Sakshi Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Sarvepalli Partha Saradhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Gurram Sreeram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Oberoi M, Chandrasekhar Ap, Lakhshmi A, Chowdhary As, Singh R
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Biswanath Dinda, Anthony M Kyriakopoulos, Subhajit Dinda, Vassilis Zoumpourlis, Nikolaos S Thomaidis, Aristea Velegraki, Charlambos Markopoulos, Manikarna Dinda
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus mas L. (cornelian cherry) fruits have been used for centuries as traditional cuisine and folk medicine in various countries of Europe and Asia. In folk medicines, the fruits and other parts of the plant have been used for prevention and treatment of a wide range of diseases such as diabetes, diarrhea, gastrointestinal disorders, fevers, rheumatic pain, skin and urinary tract infections, kidney and liver diseases, sunstroke, among others. This review provides a systematic and constructive overview of ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of this plant as well as future research need for its commercial utilization as nutraceutical food supplement and medicine...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
M Mar Roca-Rodríguez, María Teresa Muros de Fuentes, Gonzalo Piédrola-Maroto, Miguel Quesada-Charneco, Silvia Maraver-Selfa, Francisco J Tinahones, Isabel Mancha-Doblas
AIM: To evaluate tolerance to lixisenatide and its effects on weight and metabolic control in type2 diabetes and obese patients. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Endocrinology clinics in Almeria, Granada and Malaga. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with type2 diabetes and obesity. INTERVENTIONS: Response and tolerance to lixisenatide treatment. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Clinical and analytical data of the subjects were evaluated at baseline and after treatment...
September 22, 2016: Atencion Primaria
Junping Wen, Ting Xue, Ying Huang, Xiaoyan Chen, Ying Xue, Wei Lin, Lizhen Zhang, Jin Yao, Huibin Huang, Jixing Liang, Liantao Li, Lixiang Lin, Lidan Shi, Liangchun Cai, Zhuangli Zhu, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: Beta-cells in different stages have different function and capacity of proliferation, regenerative and apoptosis. We conducted this study to investigate whether there are changes in beta-cell phonotype in the development of diabetes to identify potential beta cell targets for preventing the progression of diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of pancreatic tissues obtained from 80 patients classified into three groups: 25 type2 diabetes, 25 impaired fasting glucose, and 30 non-diabetes...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
Sergio Cinza Sanjurjo, Miguel Ángel Prieto Díaz, José Luis Llisterri Caro, Vicente Pallarés Carratalá, Alfonso Barquilla García, Luis Rodríguez Padial, Ángel Díaz Rodríguez, José Polo García, Jesús Vergara Martín, Rafael Vidal Pérez, Gustavo Cristóbal Rodríguez Roca
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and incidence of cardiovascular risk factors in Spain, as well as cardiovascular events, in Spanish adult population attended in primary care. METHODOLOGY: IBERICAN is a longitudinal, observational, multicenter study in which patients aged 18 to 85years attended in primary care health center in Spain are being included. The obtained cohort will be followed annually for at least 5years. The estimated final sample is 7,000 patients...
August 23, 2016: Semergen
N Nibouche, N Lanasri, A Chibane, F Zeraoulia, A Bachir-Cherif, A Dahak, L Makhlouf, A Medjahed, A Biad
OBJECTIVE: we aim to study clinical characteristics of normotensive, newly diagnosed type 2 diabetics whom present OHT and to determine the evolution of BP after one year of follow-up. DESIGN AND METHOD: it's a prospective, observational, monocentric, cohort study. The prevalence of OHT was investigated in 327 patients, 122 men and 205 women aged from 40 to 70 years with newly diagnosed type2 diabetes. Arterial hypertension was defined and classified according to OMS and JNC7 recommendations...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Azar Pirdehghan, Nafise Poortalebi
BACKGROUND: Despite the effectiveness of drug therapy in diabetes management high rates of poor adherence persist. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors influencing the medication adherence and dietary regiment in type2 diabetic patients. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted on 300 type2 diabetic patients referred to General Internal Medicine Clinic, Yazd Shohdaye Kargar Hospital,Yazd City, central Iran between September and December 2013...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Q Su, F Sun, J Li, H Zhang, M Wang, H Zhou, L Qiao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between Type 2 diabetes and primary liver cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the period from December 2008 to December 2014, all blood sugar data of patients in our hospital was collected, and the total number is 18213. Except for repeatedly hospitalized diabetic person, newborn stress status, or venous transfusion blood glucose, gestational diabetes, etc., By retrieving the medical record information of patients in the hospital, and using telephone or letter follow-up the patients, we collected 127 people with type 1 diabetes and found no liver cancer patients; Type 2 diabetes, 10,794 cases of patient information, 59 with primary liver cancer...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Cancer
J Díez-Espino, F J Basterra-Gortari, J Salas-Salvadó, P Buil-Cosiales, D Corella, H Schröder, R Estruch, E Ros, E Gómez-Gracia, F Arós, M Fiol, J Lapetra, L Serra-Majem, X Pintó, N Babio, L Quiles, M Fito, A Marti, E Toledo
BACKGROUND: Eggs are a major source of dietary cholesterol and their consumption has been sometimes discouraged. A relationship between egg consumption and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been suggested to be present exclusively among patients with type2 diabetes. AIMS: To assess the association between egg consumption and CVD in a large Mediterranean cohort where approximately 50% of participants had type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We prospectively followed 7216 participants (55-80 years old) at high cardiovascular risk from the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) study for a mean of 5...
June 29, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Behzad Najafi, Farshad Farzadfar, Hossein Ghaderi, Mohammad Hadian
BACKGROUND: Although studies reported diabetes mellitus screening cost effective, the mass screening for type2 diabetes remains controversial. In this study we reviewed the recently evidence about the cost effectiveness of mass screening systematically. METHODS: We reviewed the MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science (WOS), and Cochrane library databases by MeSH terms to identify relevant studies from 2000 to 2013. We had 4 inclusion and 6 exclusion criteria and used the Drummond's checklist for appraising the quality of studies...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Takanori Fukushima, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Eiichi Yoshikawa, Fuminori Katsukawa, Satoru Yamada, Mikiya Tokui, Osamu Funae, Edward L Melanson, Kazunori Ohkawara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Hossein Ebrahimi, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Hossein Namdar Areshtanab, Leila Jouybari
INTRODUCTION: Several adjustment scales are available for Diabetes, but, unfortunately most of them focused on the limited dimensions of diabetes and are not specific for type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to develop a multidimensional scale for Diabetes type 2 Adjustment Assessment and to test preliminary validity, reliability and clinical utility of the scale for this population. METHODS: In this methodological design study, the Diabetes Adjustment Assessment Scale was developed and the psychometric properties of this scale was assessed in patients with Type 2 diabetes...
2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
Jose T Real, José Folgado, Mercedes Molina Mendez, Sergio Martinez-Hervás, Marta Peiro, Juan F Ascaso
AIM: To study new risk factors for peripheral macroangiopathy (PM) in patients with diabetes, as oxidative stress (OS) and its interaction with classical risk factors: age, Lp(a), plasma homocysteine values and HbA1c. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We studied 204 type2 diabetic (T2DM) patients, consecutive selected form a reference hospital and a secondary hospital form our Community (2009-2010). Design was a case (ABI<0.89) control (ABI0.9-1.2) study. PM was defined using ankle brachial index (ABI)...
July 2016: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
Kawsar Ahmed, Papia Jahan, Israt Nadia, Farzana Ahmed, Abdullah-Al-Emran
OBJECTIVES: Every physical abnormal criterion has an impact on the health. Late menopause causes different physiological problems which alike early menopause. The research interest is associated with both early and late menopausal women of Bangladesh as only few menopausal studies available in South East Asia especially in Bangladesh. The aims of this study are not only to assess the symptoms of menopausal abnormality but also to determine the impact of these symptoms on the quality of life (QOL) of the female society in Bangladesh...
April 2016: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
Fatemeh Toorang, Abolghassem Djazayery, Mahmoud Djalali
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a major cause of death. Oxidative stress mainly caused by hyperglycemia is the primary reason of related complications. Omega-3 fatty acids are prescribed in diabetes but the effect on antioxidant defense is controversial. This study investigated effects of omega-3 supplementation on antioxidant enzymes activity in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: A randomized, placebo controlled, double blind clinical trial was performed on 90 type2 diabetic patients...
March 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Faisal Aziz
Since their discovery of more than a decade ago, microRNAs have been demonstrated to have profound effects on almost every aspect of biology. Specific microRNAs have emerged as key players in disease biology by playing crucial role in disease development and progression. This review draws attention to miR-223 that has been reported to be abnormally expressed in several diseases like diabetes-type2, sepsis, rheumatoid arthritis, viral infections likes' human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) and inflammatory disorders...
May 2016: Cellular Immunology
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