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Silvia Vincenzetti, Alberto Felici, Giorgio Ciarrocchi, Stefania Pucciarelli, Massimo Ricciutelli, Ambra Ariani, Valeria Polzonetti, Paolo Polidori
Clams have long been a fisheries and aquaculture sector of great importance in Italy, the main resource of fisheries is the Chamelea gallina of indigenous origin, whereas clams breeding is supported almost entirely by the Tapes philippinarum, a species of Indo-Pacific origin. Bivalve molluscs quality depends mainly on the water quality, and then by a series of factors such as water temperature and salinity, gametogenic cycle, food availability, and environmental conditions, that affect the Condition Index. In this work crude extracts obtained from the edible part of Chamelea gallina and Tapes philippinarum were analyzed by a proteomic approach based on a two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, in order to detect biomarkers useful for identification of the two kinds of clams and to assess their nutritional characteristics...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Raffaella Sordella, Nitin H Shirole, Debjani Pal, Edward R Kastenhuber, Serif Senturk, Joseph Boroda, Paola Pisterzi, Madison Miller, Gustavo Munoz, Marko Anderluh, Marc Ladanyi, Scott W Lowe
TP53 truncating mutations are common in human tumors and are thought to give rise to p53-null alleles. Here, we show that TP53 exon-6 truncating mutations occur at higher than expected frequencies and produce proteins that lack canonical p53 tumor suppressor activities but promote cancer cell proliferation, survival, and metastasis. Functionally and molecularly, these p53 mutants resemble the naturally occurring alternative p53 splice variant, p53-psi. Accordingly, these mutants can localize to mitochondria where they promote tumor phenotypes by binding and activating the mitochondria inner pore permeability regulator, Cyclophilin D (CypD)...
October 19, 2016: ELife
Wenwen Wang, Yanqin Yang, Zhewen Xiong, Jiamin Kong, Xinlu Fu, Feihai Shen, Zhiying Huang
Triptolide (TP), a diterpene triepoxide, is a major active component of Tripterygium wilfordii extracts, which are prepared as tablets and has been used clinically for the treatment of inflammation and autoimmune disorders. However, TP's therapeutic potential is limited by severe adverse effects. In a previous study, we reported that TP induced mitochondria dependent apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) is a multifunctional serine/threonine kinase that plays important roles in the necrosis and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes...
October 14, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Lorrain Jin, Dongyu Wang, David M Gooden, Carol Ball, Michael C Fitzgerald
The characterization of protein folding stability changes on the proteomic scale is useful for protein-target discovery and for the characterization of biological states. The Stability of Proteins from Rates of Oxidation (SPROX) technique is one of several mass spectrometry-based techniques recently established for the making proteome-wide measurements of protein folding and stability. A critical part of proteome-wide applications of SPROX is the identification and quantitation of methionine-containing peptides...
October 14, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Bin Wang, Lilu Lin, Haidong Wang, Honglei Guo, Yong Gu, Wei Ding
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is overactivated in patients with chronic kidney disease. Oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) are two major mechanisms responsible for aldosterone-induced kidney injury. Cyclophilin (CYP) B is a chaperone protein that accelerates the rate of protein folding through its peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) activity. We report that overexpression of wild-type CYPB attenuated aldosterone-induced oxidative stress (evidenced by reduced production of reactive oxygen species and improved mitochondrial dysfunction), ERS (indicated by reduced expression of the ERS markers glucose-regulated protein 78 [GRP78] and C/-EBP homologous protein [CHOP]), and tubular cell apoptosis in comparison with aldosterone-induced human kidney-2 (HK-2) cells...
October 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Fang Ye, Xiaoyi Li, Fen Li, Jianxin Li, Wei Chang, Jing Yuan, Jun Chen
Mitochondria play a key role in the process of lead (Pb)-induced impairment in nervous system. To further clarify the underlying mechanism of Pb neurotoxicity, this study was designed to investigate the role of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) and cyclophilin D (CyPD), a component of MPT pore (MPTP), in Pb-induced mitochondrial apoptosis in nerve cells. In SH-SY5Y and PC12 cells, Cyclosporin A (CSA), a special inhibitor of CyPD, could alleviate cell death, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage and adenosine 5 triphosphate (ATP) decrease caused by PbAc...
October 7, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Jon Andoni Sánchez, Amparo Alfonso, Olivier P Thomas, Luís M Botana
Previous works with autumnalamide reported that Store Operated Calcium (SOC) channels were blocked through mitochondrial modulation. In the present paper we studied the effect of autumnalamide on ionomycin Ca(2+) fluxes. Thus, autumnalamide did not modify ionomycin-sensitive intracellular pools while the ionomycin-induced Ca(2+) influx was blocked with similar potency whether the incubation was done before or after ionomycin-sensitive pools depletion. Nevertheless, autumnalamide was not able to inhibit ionomycin-induced Ca(2+) influx once the membrane channels were activated...
September 28, 2016: Immunobiology
Alessandra Zulian, Marco Schiavone, Valentina Giorgio, Paolo Bernardi
The hypothesis that mitochondrial dysfunction can be a general mechanism for cell death in muscle diseases is 40 years old. The key elements of the proposed pathogenetic sequence (cytosolic Ca(2+) overload followed by excess mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake, functional and then structural damage of mitochondria, energy shortage, worsened elevation of cytosolic Ca(2+) levels, hypercontracture of muscle fibers, cell necrosis) have been confirmed in amazing detail by subsequent work in a variety of models. The explicit implication of the hypothesis was that it "may provide the basis for a more rational treatment for some conditions even before their primary causes are known" (Wrogemann and Pena, 1976, Lancet, 1, 672-674)...
September 30, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Brett A Granger, Dean G Brown
The efficient assembly of an 18-membered macrocyclic peptide core was realized by a straightforward and convergent approach utilizing ring-closing metathesis of the corresponding linear tetrapeptides as the key transformation. This approach allowed for the facile preparation of a focused library of novel macrocycles that culminated in the discovery of a cyclophilin A inhibitor with a Kd=5.4μM.
September 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Piet Kramer, Alexander T Jung, Andrea Hamann, Heinz D Osiewacz
The mitochondrial permeability transition pore plays a key role in programmed cell death and the induction of autophagy. Opening of the pore is regulated by the mitochondrial peptidyl prolyl-cis, trans-isomerase cyclophilin D (CYPD). Previously it was shown in the aging model organism Podospora anserina that PaCYPD abundance increases during aging and that PaCypD overexpressors are characterized by accelerated aging. Here, we describe a role of PaCYPD in the regulation of autophagy. We found that the accelerated aging phenotype observed in a strain overexpressing PaCypD is not metacaspase-dependent but is accompanied by an increase of general autophagy and mitophagy, the selective autophagic degradation of mitochondria...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
Marianne Ngure, Moheshwarnath Issur, Nikoloz Shkriabai, Hsiao-Wei Liu, Gonzalo Cosa, Mamuka Kvaratskhelia, Matthias Götte
Domain II of the nonstructural protein 5 (NS5A) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is involved in intermolecular interactions with the viral RNA genome, the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase NS5B, and the host factor cyclophilin A (CypA). However, domain II of NS5A (NS5A(DII)) is largely disordered, which makes it difficult to characterize the protein-protein or protein-nucleic acid interfaces. Here we utilized a mass spectrometry-based protein footprinting approach in attempts to characterize regions forming contacts between NS5A(DII) and its binding partners...
October 5, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
Farinoosh Fakharnia, Fariba Khodagholi, Leila Dargahi, Abolhassan Ahmadiani
The mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) is a complex channel of the inner membrane, the opening of which leads to mitochondrial swelling and dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Here, we aimed to evaluate the role of the cyclophilin D (CypD) as a prominent mediator of mPTP, on necroptosis and autophagy as well as apoptosis, beyond the global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. We showed that while cerebral I/R injury is accompanied by loss of MMP, mitochondrial swelling and programmed cell death, pretreatment with cyclosporine-A (CsA) as a potent inhibitor of CypD, led to partial but significant reduction in necroptosis markers, RIP1 and RIP3 as well as activity of glutamate-ammonia ligase (GLUL) and glutamate dehydrogenase 1 (GLUD1), downstream enzymes of RIP3...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Yang-Yang Dong, Yi-Huang Zhuang, Wen-Jie Cai, Yan Liu, Wen-Bing Zou
The development of novel anti-pancreatic cancer agents is extremely important. Here, we investigated the anti-pancreatic cancer activity by NPC-26, a novel mitochondrion interfering compound. We showed that NPC-26 was anti-proliferative and cytotoxic to human pancreatic cancer cells, possibly via inducing caspase-9-dependent cell apoptosis. Pharmacological inhibition or shRNA-mediated silence of caspase-9 attenuated NPC-26-induced pancreatic cancer cell death and apoptosis. Further, NPC-26 treatment led to mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening in the cancer cells, which was evidenced by mitochondrial depolarization, ANT-1(adenine nucleotide translocator-1)-Cyp-D (cyclophilin-D) association and oxidative phosphorylation disturbance...
September 22, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Yun Jeong Kim, Jae Yoon Kim, Jin Seok Yoon, Dae Yeon Kim, Min Jeong Hong, Yong Weon Seo
Gibberellic acid (GA) is involved in the regulation of plant growth and development. We defined GA-stimulated transcript (GAST) gene family and characterized its four members (TaGAST1, 2, 3, and 4) in wheat spikes. Triticum aestivum whole spikes were collected at ten developmental stages and dehulled spikelets were obtained at various days after flowering. Expression of TaGAST1, 2, 3, and 4 was analyzed using RT-PCR at inflorescence development stages, in different tissues, and after phytohormones application...
September 20, 2016: Molecular Biology Reports
Jun Xiao, Xin Song, Jiang Deng, Liping Lv, Ping Ma, Bo Gao, Xipeng Zhou, Yanyu Zhang, Jinbo Xu
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection can be accelerated by intracellular and extracellular hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) stimulation, mediated by the activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. However, it remains unknown whether host gene expression is involved in H2O2-upregulated HCMV replication. Here, we show that the expression of the host gene, cyclophilin A (CyPA), could be facilitated by treatment with H2O2 in a dose-dependent manner. Experiments with CyPA-specific siRNA, or with cyclosporine A, an inhibitor of CyPA, confirmed that H2O2-mediated upregulation of HCMV replication is specifically mediated by upregulation of CyPA expression...
September 2016: FEBS Open Bio
Ignacio Amigo, Sergio Luiz Menezes-Filho, Luis Alberto Luévano-Martínez, Bruno Chausse, Alicia J Kowaltowski
Caloric restriction (CR) protects against many cerebral pathological conditions that are associated with excitotoxic damage and calcium overload, although the mechanisms are still poorly understood. Here we show that CR strongly protects against excitotoxic insults in vitro and in vivo in a manner associated with significant changes in mitochondrial function. CR increases electron transport chain activity, enhances antioxidant defenses, and favors mitochondrial calcium retention capacity in the brain. These changes are accompanied by a decrease in cyclophilin D activity and acetylation and an increase in Sirt3 expression...
September 13, 2016: Aging Cell
Yusuke Nakatsu, Yasuka Matsunaga, Takeshi Yamamotoya, Koji Ueda, Yuki Inoue, Keiichi Mori, Hideyuki Sakoda, Midori Fujishiro, Hiraku Ono, Akifumi Kushiyama, Tomoichiro Asano
Prolyl isomerases are divided into three groups, the FKBP family, Cyclophilin and the Parvulin family (Pin1 and Par14). Among these isomerases, Pin1 is a unique prolyl isomerase binding to the motif including pSer/pThr-Pro that is phosphorylated by kinases. Once bound, Pin1 modulates the enzymatic activity, protein stability or subcellular localization of target proteins by changing the cis- and trans-formations of proline. Several studies have examined the roles of Pin1 in the pathogenesis of cancers and Alzheimer's disease...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Richard Gordan, Nadezhda Fefelova, Judith K Gwathmey, Lai-Hua Xie
In the present study, we have used a genetic mouse model that lacks cyclophilin D (CypD KO) to assess the cardioprotective effect of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) inhibition on Ca(2+) waves and Ca(2+) alternans at the single cell level, and cardiac arrhythmias in whole-heart preparations. The protonophore carbonyl cyanide p-(trifluoromethoxy) phenylhydrazone (FCCP) caused mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization to the same extent in cardiomyocytes from both WT and CypD KO mice, however, cardiomyocytes from CypD KO mice exhibited significantly less mPTP opening than cardiomyocytes from WT mice (p<0...
September 2, 2016: Cell Calcium
Beenu Moza Jalali, Pawel Likszo, Dariusz J Skarzynski
Conceptus attachment is a time-sensitive process that requires a synchronized uterine environment created by molecular changes in the endometrium in response to ovarian hormones and conceptus signals. Porcine conceptuses undergo rapid elongation and differentiation, and secrete estrogens that serve as maternal-recognition-of-pregnancy signals during the peri-implantation period (Days 11-12). Pregnancy-induced proteomic changes in the porcine endometrium were measured during this period using two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis of endometrial protein lysates from Day-12 pregnant versus non-pregnant animals (n = 4 each)...
September 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Fernando José de Oliveira Nóbrega, Denise Hélen Imaculada Pereira de Oliveira, Rodrigo Gadelha Vasconcelos, Cassiano Francisco Weege Nonaka, Lélia Maria Guedes Queiroz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Periodontal disease is an infectious disease resulting from the immunoinflammatory response of the host to microorganisms present in the dental biofilm which causes tissue destruction. The objective of this study was to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP-7), extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) and cyclophilin A (CypA) in periodontal disease. DESIGN: Gingival tissue samples were divided as follows: clinically healthy gingiva (n=32), biofilm-induced gingivitis (n=28), and chronic periodontitis (n=30)...
August 26, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
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