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high light stress

Wei Huang, Shuaidan Huang, Ming Zhang, Yancong Chen, Gui-Lin Zhuang, Yao Li, Ming-Liang Tong, Juan Yong, Yujie Li, Dayu Wu
Magnetic cooling is a highly efficient refrigeration technique with the potential of replacing expensive and rare helium-3 in the field of ultra-low temperature cooling. However, the visualization of a cryogen at an extremely low temperature and in a strong magnetic field is challenging, but it is crucial for the precise positioning and in situ thermal probe measurements in potential practical applications. Here, the activation of a red-emissive Mn(ii) ion using 3d/4f chemistry produces a luminescent molecule cooler, [Gd 5 Mn 2 (L OMe ) 2 (OH) 4 (Ac) 6 (MeOH) 10 Cl 2 ]Cl 3 ·2MeOH (1), with the core of an Mn(ii)-anchored heptanuclear [GdMn] pyramid...
February 16, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
T A Lebedkina, D A Zhemchuzhnikova, M A Lebyodkin
Jerky flow in solids results from collective dynamics of dislocations which gives rise to serrated deformation curves and a complex evolution of the strain heterogeneity. A rich example of this phenomenon is the Portevin-Le Chatelier effect in alloys. The corresponding spatiotemporal patterns showed some universal features which provided a basis for a well-known phenomenological classification. Recent studies revealed peculiar features in both the stress serration sequences and the kinematics of deformation bands in Al-based alloys containing fine microstructure elements, such as nanosize precipitates and/or submicron grains...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
Patrick J Dickinson, Manoj Kumar, Claudia Martinho, Seong Jeon Yoo, Hui Lan, George Artavanis, Varodom Charoensawan, Mark Aurel Schöttler, Ralph Bock, Katja E Jaeger, Philip A Wigge
Temperature is a key environmental variable influencing plant growth and survival. Protection against high temperature stress in eukaryotes is coordinated by heat shock factors (HSFs), transcription factors that activate the expression of protective chaperones such as HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN 70 (HSP70); however, the pathway by which temperature is sensed and integrated with other environmental signals into adaptive responses is not well understood. Plants are exposed to considerable diurnal variation in temperature, and we have found that there is diurnal variation in thermotolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana, with maximal thermotolerance coinciding with higher HSP70 expression during the day...
February 13, 2018: Cell Reports
B Netterstrøm, Å M Hansen, D Isaacson, A M Simonsen, P Weihe
Background: Fishing in distant waters for months may induce physiological stress. Aims: To assess the physiological stress reactions in fishermen working for 2-3 months continuously in 6-h shifts on trawlers in the Barents Sea. Methods: The crew of five trawlers fishing in the Barents Sea from January to April 2004 were invited to participate. In the week before and 5-7 days after the trip, the following measures were collected: salivary cortisol four times a day, 24-h urinary cortisol, blood pressure, heart rate, serum cholesterol, serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL-cholesterol), HbA1c (glycosylated haemoglobin) and weight...
February 10, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Benjamin Pommerrenig, Frank Ludewig, Jelena Cvetkovic, Oliver Trentmann, Patrick A W Klemens, H Ekkehard Neuhaus
The sessile lifestyle of higher plants is accompanied by their remarkable ability to tolerate unfavourable environmental conditions. This is, because during evolution plants developed a sophisticated repertoire of molecular and metabolic reactions to cope with changing biotic and abiotic challenges. In particular, the abiotic factors light intensity and ambient temperature are characterized by altering their amplitude within comparably short periods of time and are causative for onset of dynamic plant responses...
February 10, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
Elizabeth M Corteselli, James M Samet, Eugene A Gibbs-Flournoy
While oxidative stress is a commonly cited toxicological mechanism, conventional methods to study it suffer from a number of shortcomings, including destruction of the sample, introduction of potential artifacts, and a lack of specificity for the reactive species involved. Thus, there is a current need in the field of toxicology for non-destructive, sensitive, and specific methods that can be used to observe and quantify intracellular redox perturbations, more commonly referred to as oxidative stress. Here, we present a method for the use of two genetically-encoded fluorogenic sensors, roGFP2 and HyPer, to be used in live-cell imaging studies to observe xenobiotic-induced oxidative responses...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Daniel Millar, Larry Murphy, Audrey Labrie, Elisabeth Maurer-Spurej
Platelet inventory management based on screening microparticle content in platelet concentrates is a new quality improvement initiative for hospital blood banks. Cells fragment off microparticles (MP) when they are stressed. Blood and blood components may contain cellular fragments from a variety of cells, most notably from activated platelets. When performing their roles as innate immune cells and major players in coagulation and hemostasis, platelets change shape and generate microparticles. With dynamic light scattering (DLS)-based microparticle detection, it is possible to differentiate activated (high microparticle) from non-activated (low microparticle) platelets in transfusions, and optimize the use of this scarce blood product...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Reena Kamal, Triveni Dutt, Manjunath Patel, Amitava Dey, Panch Kishore Bharti, Poolangulam Chinnakkan Chandran
In tropical countries, at high temperatures, several physiological rearrangements occur in cows as they attempt to facilitate heat dissipation and/or reduce metabolic heat production. Following exposure to heat, cattle appear to acclimatize within 2-7 weeks. The failure of homeostasis at high temperatures may lead to reduced productivity or even death. The situation is even worse when humidity adds to high temperature. Livestock with elevated body temperature exhibit lower DMI and growth with less efficiency, reducing profitability for dairy farms in hot and humid climates...
February 13, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
S Huang, M Podgórski, X Zhang, J Sinha, M Claudino, J W Stansbury, C N Bowman
Step-growth thiol-Michael photopolymerizable resins, constituting an alternative chemistry to the current methacrylate-based chain-growth polymerizations, were developed and evaluated for use as dental restorative materials. The beneficial features inherent to anion-mediated thiol-Michael polymerizations were explored, such as rapid photocuring, low stress generation, ester content tunability, and improved mechanical performance in a moist environment. An ester-free tetrafunctional thiol and a ultraviolet-sensitive photobase generator were implemented to facilitate thiol-Michael photopolymerization...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Zhi-Yan Du, Ben Franklin Lucker, Krzysztof Zienkiewicz, Tarryn E Miller, Agnieszka Zienkiewicz, Barbara B Sears, David M Kramer, Christoph Benning
Photosynthesis occurs in the thylakoid membrane, where the predominant lipid is monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG). As environmental conditions change, photosynthetic membranes have to adjust. In this study, we used a loss-of-function Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutant deficient in the MGDG-specific lipase PGD1 (PLASTID GALACTOGLYCEROLIPID DEGRADATION1) to investigate the link between MGDG turnover, chloroplast ultrastructure, and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in response to different adverse environmental conditions...
February 5, 2018: Plant Cell
Kosuke Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Kuwae, Naofumi Kobayashi, Atsuki Nobori, Shuichi Shoji, Jun Mizuno
We developed highly bendable transparent indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes with a mesh pattern for use in flexible electronic devices. The mesh patterns lowered tensile stress and hindered propagation of cracks. Simulations using the finite element method confirmed that the mesh patterns decreased tensile stress by over 10% because of the escaped strain to the flexible film when the electrodes were bent. The proposed patterned ITO electrodes were simply fabricated by photolithography and wet etching. The resistance increase ratio of a mesh-patterned ITO electrode after bending 1000 times was at least two orders of magnitude lower than that of a planar ITO electrode...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Bruna B Simas, Everson A Nunes, Carlos C Crestani, Guilherme F Speretta
Obesity and chronic stress are considered independent risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases and changes in autonomic system activity. However, the cardiovascular consequences induced by the association between high-fat diet (HFD) and chronic stress are not fully understood. We hypothesized that the association between HFD and exposure to a chronic variable stress (CVS) protocol for four weeks might exacerbate the cardiovascular and metabolic disturbances in rats when compared to these factors singly...
February 10, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Jennifer L J Heaney, Sophie C Killer, Ida S Svendsen, Michael Gleeson, John P Campbell
Periods of short-term intensified training (IT) are often used by athletes during training cycles over the season and undergoing phases of increased physical stress may impact upon the immune system. This study investigated the effects of a period of IT on free light chains (FLCs) in saliva - an emerging immune biomarker of oral inflammation - and matched serum samples in well-trained athletes. It also examined if IT influences basal FLC levels and FLC flux during acute exercise. Highly trained male cyclists (n = 10) underwent a 9-day period of IT; before and after IT participants performed a 1 h time trial (TT) on a cycle ergometer, with blood and saliva samples collected pre- and post-exercise...
February 7, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Frank J Attenello, Ian A Buchanan, Timothy Wen, Daniel A Donoho, Shirley McCartney, Steven Y Cen, Alexander A Khalessi, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol, Joseph S Cheng, William J Mack, Clemens M Schirmer, Karin R Swartz, J Adair Prall, Ann R Stroink, Steven L Giannotta, Paul Klimo
OBJECTIVE Excessive dissatisfaction and stress among physicians can precipitate burnout, which results in diminished productivity, quality of care, and patient satisfaction and treatment adherence. Given the multiplicity of its harms and detriments to workforce retention and in light of the growing physician shortage, burnout has garnered much attention in recent years. Using a national survey, the authors formally evaluated burnout among neurosurgery trainees. METHODS An 86-item questionnaire was disseminated to residents in the American Association of Neurological Surgeons database between June and November 2015...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Sharon Pochron, Jacqueline Nikakis, Kyra Illuzzi, Andrea Baatz, Loriana Demirciyan, Amritjot Dhillon, Thomas Gaylor, Alexa Manganaro, Nicholas Maritato, Michael Moawad, Rajwinder Singh, Clara Tucker, Daniel Vaughan
Solid waste management struggles with the sustainable disposal of used tires. One solution involves shredding used tires into crumb rubber and using the material as infill for artificial turf. However, crumb rubber contains hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and heavy metals, and it travels into the environment. Earthworms living in soil contaminated with virgin crumb rubber gained 14% less body weight than did earthworms living in uncontaminated soil, but the impact of aged crumb rubber on the earthworms is unknown...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Gregory V Barnett, Julia M Perhacs, Tapan K Das, Sambit R Kar
PURPOSE: Characterizing submicron protein particles (approximately 0.1-1μm) is challenging due to a limited number of suitable instruments capable of monitoring a relatively large continuum of particle size and concentration. In this work, we report for the first time the characterization of submicron protein particles using the high size resolution technique of resistive pulse sensing (RPS). METHODS: Resistive pulse sensing, dynamic light scattering and size-exclusion chromatography with in-line multi-angle light scattering (SEC-MALS) are performed on protein and placebo formulations, polystyrene size standards, placebo formulations spiked with silicone oil, and protein formulations stressed via freeze-thaw cycling, thermal incubation, and acid treatment...
February 8, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
Hongyun Xu, Xinxin Shi, Lin He, Yong Guo, Dandan Zang, Hongyan Li, Wenhui Zhang, Yucheng Wang
Trihelix transcription factors are characterized by containing a conserved trihelix (helix-loop-helix-loop-helix) domain that bind to GT elements required for light response, play roles in light stress, and also in abiotic stress responses. However, only few of them have been functionally characterised. In the present study, we characterized the function of AST1 (Arabidopsis SIP1 clade Trihelix1) in response to salt and osmotic stress. AST1 shows transcriptional activation activity, and its expression is induced by osmotic and salt stress...
February 6, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
Benedikt Junglas, Dirk Schneider
While Vipp1 (also known as IM30) clearly is essential for proper biogenesis of thylakoid membranes in chloroplasts and cyanobacteria, the exact function of Vipp1/IM30 still remains unclear. The recent in vivo study of Gutu et al. now demonstrates that Vipp1/IM30 forms localized puncta specifically at highly curved membrane regions at the cell periphery. These Vipp1/IM30 puncta were found being highly dynamic under normal growth conditions, while it has recently been shown that they stably associate with membranes under high-light conditions...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Microbiology
Jill D Pruetz
OBJECTIVES: I report on the nocturnal behavior of Fongoli chimpanzees in a savanna mosaic during different seasons and lunar phases and test the hypothesis that hot daytime temperatures influence activity at night. I predicted that apes would be more active at night during periods of greater lunar illuminosity given diurnal primates' lack of visual specializations for low-light conditions and in dry season months when water scarcity exacerbated heat stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: I observed chimpanzees for 403 hrs on 40 nights between 2007 and 2013 and categorized their activity as social, movement, or vocalization...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
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