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high light stress

Tsu-Wei Chen, Hartmut Stützel, Katrin Kahlen
Background and Aims: Most crop species are glycophytes, and salinity stress is one of the most severe abiotic stresses reducing crop yields worldwide. Salinity affects plant architecture and physiological functions by different mechanisms, which vary largely between crop species and determine the susceptibility or tolerance of a crop species to salinity. Methods: Experimental data from greenhouse cucumber (Cucumis sativus), a salt-sensitive species, grown under three salinity levels were interpreted by combining a functional-structural plant model and quantitative limitation analysis of photosynthesis...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Botany
Min Zhang, Jiaxu Zhu, Lei Wang, Miaoyun Xu
Plants tend to flower earlier if placed under stress conditions. Those stress factors include drought, high salinity, low temperature, high- or low-intensity light, and ultraviolet light. This phenomenon has been called stress-induced flowering. Stress-induced plant flowering might be helpful for species preservation. Thus, stress-induced flowering might have biological significance and should be considered as important as other plant flowering control strategy. Here, history of stress-induced flowering, metabolic regulation and molecular regulation mechanisms in plants were reviewed...
October 25, 2016: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Ya-Fei Zhao, Yang Gao, Xin-Fang Wu, Jian-Gang Wang, Leng-Xin Duan
To study the protective effect of earthworm active ingredients(EWAs) against endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS)-induced acute liver injury in mice. The model of liver injury was induced through intraperitoneal injection of 10%CCl4. Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase(ALT), glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase(AST), superoxide dismutase(SOD) and glutathione peroxidase(GSH-PX) activity and malondialdehyde(MDA) concentration were detected by colorimetric method. Histological examination was performed through hematoxylin-eosin staining and light microscopy, and apoptosis was detected using terminal transferase dUTP nick end labeling...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Andrea Natali, Lorenzo Nesti, Iacopo Fabiani, Enrico Calogero, Vitantonio Di Bello
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is highly prevalent in type 2 diabetes patients. Unlike the other hypoglycemic drugs, SGLT2 inhibitors have shown potential benefits for reducing cardiovascular death and risk factors, aside from lowering plasma glucose levels. With this study we aim at determining whether the treatment with empagliflozin is associated with an improvement in LV functions in diabetic patients with asymptomatic LV dysfunction against Sitagliptin, which is presumably neutral on myocardial function...
October 12, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Ensieh M Poursani, Majid Mehravar, Bahram Mohammad Soltani, Seyed Javad Mowla
OCT4 is a crucial transcription factor that maintains self-renewal and pluripotency of embryonic stem and embryonic carcinoma cells. The human OCT4 gene can generate at least three variants (OCT4A, OCT4B, and OCTB1) via alternative splicing and alternative promoters. It has been previously reported that OCT4A is the main isoform, retaining stemness state in embryonic stem and embryonic carcinoma cells. There are several reports on the expression of OCT4A, OCT4B, and OCT4B1 in some cancers and tumor cells. The expression of OCT4 in cancer tissues and cell lines appeared to be highly controversial since it was believed that OCT4 is exclusively expressed in embryonic stem/embryonic carcinoma cells...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Hong Jiang, Guang-Lei Liu, Zhe Chi, Zhong Hu, Zhen-Ming Chi
Melanin plays an important role in the stress adaptation of Aureobasidium melanogenum XJ5-1 isolated from the Taklimakan desert. A trehalose-6-phosphate synthase gene (TPS1 gene) was cloned from K5, characterized, and then deleted to determine the role of trehalose in the stress adaptation of the albino mutant K5. No stress response element and heat shock element were found in the promoter of the TPS1 gene. Deletion of the TPS1 gene in the albino mutant rendered a strain DT43 unable to synthesize any trehalose, but DT43 still could grow in glucose, suggesting that its hexokinase was insensitive to inhibition by trehalose-6-phosphate...
October 10, 2017: Current Genetics
Shahar Bitton, Rivka Tuval-Mashiach, Sara Freedman
Objective: Military service is a highly stressful period both for the soldiers serving and for their parents. Surprisingly, parents' experience has been mostly ignored in the research. This study's goal is to shed light on the experience and distress levels of parents of active duty combat soldiers during Operation Protective Edge, a military operation carried out by the Israel Defense Forces during July and August of 2014. Methods: During the advanced stages of the operation, 69 parents of Israeli male combat soldiers (55 mothers and 14 fathers) completed an online survey measuring symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD-Checklist-5) and distress (Brief Symptom Inventory-18)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Ludwik Wiktor Bielczynski, Mateusz Krzysztof Łącki, Iris Hoefnagels, Anna Gambin, Roberta Croce
In this work, we studied the changes in high light tolerance and photosynthetic activity in leaves of the Arabidopsis thaliana rosette throughout the vegetative stage of growth. We implemented an image analysis workflow to analyze the capacity of both the whole plant and individual leaves to cope with excess excitation energy by following the changes in the absorbed light energy partitioning. The data show that leaf and plant age are both important factors influencing the fate of excitation energy. During the dark-to-light transition, the age of the plant affects mostly steady state levels of photochemical and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), leading to an increased photosynthetic performance of its leaves...
October 10, 2017: Plant Physiology
Zahava Solomon, Yafit Levin, Einor Ben Assayag, Orit Furman, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty, Shlomo Berliner, Avi Ohry
OBJECTIVE: This study sheds light on the importance of long-term follow-up of trauma survivors, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trajectories, and early detection of health risk factors in trauma survivors. The present study prospectively assessed the following over 23 years: (1) the association of psychological and physiologic stress during captivity with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS), which includes hypertension; elevated levels of insulin, triglycerides, and fasting glucose; decreased levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and obesity and (2) the implication of PTSD trajectories in elevated CRP levels and MetS...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Pritesh Gokhale, Dana Mitra, Enrico Sowade, Kalyan Mitra, Henrique L Gomes, Eloi Ramon, Ammar Al-Hamry, Olfa Kanoun, Reinhard R Baumann
During the last years, intense pulsed light (IPL) processing has been employed and studied intensively for the drying and sintering of metal nanoparticle layers deposited by means of printing methods on flexible polymer substrates. IPL was found to be a very fast and substrate-gentle approach qualified for the field of flexible and large-area printed electronics, i.e. manufactured via roll-to-roll (R2R) processing. In this contribution, IPL is used for the fine-patterning of printed silver nanoparticle layers...
October 10, 2017: Nanotechnology
Federico Bella, Jelena Popovic, Andrea Lamberti, Elena Tresso, Claudio Gerbaldi, Joachim Maier
With the purpose of achieving stable dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with high efficiency, a new type of soft matter electrolyte is tested in which specific amounts of nanosized silica particles are finely dispersed in short-chained polyethylene glycol dimethylether encompassing iodide/triiodide redox mediator. It results in a solid-liquid composite having synergistic electrical and favorable mechanical properties. The combination of interfacial effects and particle network formation promotes enhanced ion transport, which directly impacts the short-circuit photocurrent density...
October 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Souad Mroue, Andrea Simeunovic, Hélène S Robert
Being sessile organisms, plants have evolved mechanisms allowing them to control their growth and development in response to environmental changes. This occurs by means of complex interacting signalling networks that integrate diverse environmental cues into co-ordinated and highly regulated responses. Auxin is an essential phytohormone that functions as a signalling molecule, driving both growth and developmental processes. It is involved in numerous biological processes ranging from control of cell expansion and cell division to tissue specification, embryogenesis, and organ development...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Mohammad Y Ansari, Nazir M Khan, Tariq M Haqqi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of joint dysfunction, disability and poor quality of life in the affected population. The underlying mechanism of joint dysfunction involves increased oxidative stress, inflammation, high levels of cartilage extracellular matrix degrading proteases and decline in autophagy-a mechanism of cellular defense. There is no disease modifying therapies currently available for OA. Different parts of the Butea monosperma (Lam.) plant have widely been used in the traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine system for the treatment of various human diseases including inflammatory conditions...
October 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Tapas C Nag, Pankaj Kumar, Shashi Wadhwa
The retina is prone to be damaged by oxidative stress (OS), owing to its constant exposure to light, high rate of oxygen consumption and high membrane lipid content. Lipid peroxidation in aging human retina has been shown by biochemical means. However, information on the cellular sites of OS and antioxidant responses in aging human retina remains limited. Here, we show distribution of immunoreactivity (IR) to a marker of lipid peroxidation (4-hydroxy 2-nonenal [HNE] and antioxidant enzymes involved in counteracting lipid peroxidation (glutathione S-transferase-π1 and glutarexoxin-1) in donor human retinas at different ages (35-91 years; N = 24)...
October 3, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
Michael Einhorn, Nicholas DuVall, Michael Wajdowicz, John Brewster, Howard Roberts
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of preparation ferrule inclusion with fracture resistance of mandibular molar endocrowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Recently extracted mandibular third molars were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 12) with the coronal tooth structure removed perpendicular to the root long axis approximately 2 mm above the cemento-enamel junction with a slow-speed diamond saw. The pulp chamber was exposed using a diamond bur in a high-speed handpiece with pulpal remnants removed and canals instrumented using endodontic hand instruments...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Vivek Dhiman, Dilip Kumar Singh, Mayurbhai Kathadbhai Ladumor, Saranjit Singh
The degradation behavior of amodiaquine dihydrochloride, an antimalarial drug, was investigated in solution as well as solid states. The drug was subjected to hydrolytic, photolytic, oxidative and thermal stress conditions, according to International Conference on Harmonization guideline Q1A(R2). It showed extensive hydrolysis in acidic, alkaline and neutral solutions both with and without light, while it proved to be stable to thermal and oxidative conditions. In total, six degradation products were formed, which were separated on a C8 column, employing a gradient reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method in which acetonitrile and 10 mM ammonium formate (pH 3...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Do Hyeong Gwon, Tae Woong Hwang, Ju-Ye Ro, Yoon-Joong Kang, Jin Young Jeong, Do-Kyung Kim, Kyu Lim, Dong Woon Kim, Dae Eun Choi, Jwa-Jin Kim
Regulated autophagy is involved in the repair of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Fat-1 transgenic mice produce ω3-Polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFAs) from ω6-Polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω6-PUFAs) without a dietary ω3-PUFAs supplement, leading to a high accumulation of omega-3 in various tissues. ω3-PUFAs show protective effects against various renal injuries and it has recently been reported that ω3-PUFAs regulate autophagy. We assessed whether ω3-PUFAs attenuated IR-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) and evaluated its associated mechanisms...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Eunchul Kim, Seiji Akimoto, Ryutaro Tokutsu, Makio Yokono, Jun Minagawa
In green algae, light-harvesting complex stress-related 3 (LHCSR3) is responsible for the pH-dependent dissipation of absorbed light energy, a function vital for survival under high-light conditions. LHCSR3 binds the photosystem II and light-harvesting complex II (PSII-LHCII) supercomplex and transforms it into an energy-dissipative form under acidic conditions, but the molecular mechanism remains unclear. Here we show that in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, LHCSR3 modulates the excitation energy flow and dissipates the excitation energy within the light-harvesting complexes of the PSII supercomplex...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
François Léonard, Wenlong Yu, Kimberlee C Collins, Douglas L Medlin, Joshua D Sugar, A Alec Talin, Wei Pan
The family of three-dimensional topological insulators opens new avenues to discover novel photophysics and to develop novel types of photodetectors. ZrTe5 has been shown to be a Dirac semimetal possessing unique topological, electronic, and optical properties. Here, we present spatially resolved photocurrent measurements on devices made of nanoplatelets of ZrTe5, demonstrating the photothermoelectric origin of the photoresponse. Because of the high electrical conductivity and good Seebeck coefficient, we obtain noise-equivalent powers as low as 42 pW/Hz(1/2), at room temperature for visible light illumination, at zero bias...
October 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Antonius M C Schoutens, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Judith K Sluiter
BACKGROUND: Chronic work-related stress is quite prevalent in the working population and is in some cases accompanied by long-term sick leave. These stress complaints highly impact employees and are costly due to lost productivity and medical expenses. A new treatment platform with light therapy plus Pulsed Electro Magnetic Fields (PEMF) in combination with coaching was used to assess whether more positive effects on return to work, stress, work-related fatigue, and quality of life could be induced compared to coaching alone...
October 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
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