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Valve durability

Giordano Tasca, Matteo Selmi, Emiliano Votta, Paola Redaelli, Francesco Sturla, Alberto Redaelli, Amando Gamba
BACKGROUND: Aortic root aneurysm can be treated with valve-sparing procedures. The David and Yacoub techniques have shown excellent long-term results but are technically demanding. Recently, a new and simpler procedure, the Sleeve technique, was proposed with encouraging results. We aimed to quantify the biomechanics of the initially aneurysmal aortic root (AR) after the Sleeve procedure to assess whether it induces abnormal stresses, potentially undermining its durability. METHODS: Two finite element (FE) models of the physiologic and aneurysmal AR were built, accounting for the anatomical asymmetry and the nonlinear and anisotropic mechanical properties of human AR tissues...
October 15, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Richard Cheng, Emily Tat, Robert J Siegel, Reza Arsanjani, Asma Hussaini, Moody Makar, Yukiko Mizutani, Alfredo Trento, Saibal Kar
AIMS: Mitral annular calcification (MAC) negatively influences outcomes in surgical mitral valve (MV) repair for mitral regurgitation (MR). However, there are no data on whether MAC impacts on outcomes of MitraClip percutaneous MV edge-to-edge repair. This study sought to investigate whether the presence of MAC impacts on the procedural success and durability of percutaneous transcatheter repair of MR using the MitraClip. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-three patients undergoing MitraClip repair for significant MR were studied...
October 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
Francesco Nappi, Cristiano Spadaccio, Jean Louis Sablayrolles
The recent literature on transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is shedding new light on the perspective to extend this procedure to other lower risk-category of patients, leading in fact to a potential erosion of the current guidelines. Notwithstanding the warnings provided in the literature regarding the risk of severely impairing complications, unclear survival advantage and cost-inefficiency, many observational studies, especially performed in high-volume centers, support a general drive toward the recruitment of intermediate-low risk patients in the expectation of clinical advantages versus standard surgical replacement...
October 6, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Lars Sondergaard
During the last decade transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has been established as a treatment for patients with severe aortic stenosis, who are at particularly high surgical risk. As compared with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), TAVR has been associated with lower early risk of mortality, atrial fibrillation, acute kidney injury and bleeding. Furthermore, device and peri-procedural improvements have addressed most of the initial limitations for TAVR, including the Achilles' heel, paravalvular leakage...
October 6, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Caitlin Martin, Wei Sun
Transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) implantation within a failed bioprosthetic valve is a growing trend for high-risk patients. The non-compliant stent of the previous prosthesis may prevent full expansion of the TAV, which has been shown to distort the leaflet configuration, and has been hypothesized to adversely affect durability. In this study, TAV leaflet fatigue damage under cyclic pressurization in the setting of stent underexpansion by 0 (fully expanded), 1, 2 and 3 mm was simulated using finite element analysis to test this hypothesis...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Sten Lyager Nielsen
Transcatheter mitral valve (MV) intervention has emerged as an effective treatment option for symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients considered to be inoperable or at high operative risk for surgical MV surgery. In primary mitral regurgitation, surgical repair is the standard of care. Transcatheter edge-to-edge MV repair with the MitraClip system has the largest clinical experience to date, and offers a sustained clinical benefit in selected surgical high-risk patients. Surgery for secondary MR remains a challenge...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
Napachanok Mongkoldhumrongkul, Najma Latif, Magdi H Yacoub, Adrian H Chester
Responses of valve endothelial cells (VECs) to shear stresses are important for the regulation of valve durability. However, the effect of flow patterns subjected to VECs on the opposite surfaces of the valves on the production of extracellular matrix (ECM) has not yet been investigated. This study aims to investigate the response of side-specific flow patterns, in terms of ECM synthesis and/or degradation in porcine aortic valves. Aortic and ventricular sides of aortic valve leaflets were exposed to oscillatory and laminar flow generated by a Cone-and-Plate machine for 48 h...
October 5, 2016: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Ezzeldin A Mostafa, Ashraf A H El Midany, Yasser Elnahas, Ahmed Helmy, Sherif A Mansour
OBJECTIVES: Favourable outcomes in the repair of Ebstein's anomaly are predicated on tricuspid valve competence, right ventricular function and presence of arrhythmia. We report our experience with a single-stage, three-fold repair of Ebstein's anomaly, namely, cone reconstruction of the tricuspid valve supplemented by bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis and right atrial electrocautery maze. METHODS: From 2010 to 2014, 37 consecutive patients with Ebstein's anomaly, median age 17...
October 4, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Amedeo Anselmi, Vito Giovanni Ruggieri, Bernard Lelong, Erwan Flecher, Hervé Corbineau, Thierry Langanay, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Alain Leguerrier
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the mid-term durability of the Trifecta bioprosthesis for aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the prospectively collected data of 824 consecutive implants of the Trifecta valve at a single institution. A 100% complete follow-up was available (average duration, 2.2 ± 1.3 years; range, 0.03-6.9 years; 1747.6 patient-years). Echocardiography data at discharge were recorded prospectively. RESULTS: Operative mortality was 3...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
W Brent Keeling, Bradley G Leshnower, Jose Binongo, Yi Lasanajak, LaRonica McPherson, Edward P Chen
BACKGROUND: The David V valve-sparing aortic root replacement (VSRR) is an established and durable method of root reconstruction for varying pathologies. However, the impact of the severity of preoperative aortic regurgitation (AR) on long-term durability remains unclear. The purpose of this research was to investigate the impact of the degree of preoperative AR on midterm durability following VSRR. METHODS: A retrospective review of the adult cardiac surgical database at a single academic center was undertaken from 2005 to 2015 for 223 adult patients who underwent VSRR...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Herko Grubitzsch, Marco Galloni, Volkmar Falk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ulrich Schneider, Christopher Hofmann, Diana Aicher, Hiroaki Takahashi, Yujiro Miura, Hans-Joachim Schäfers
BACKGROUND: Isolated repair of the regurgitant bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) has yielded suboptimal durability, with annular dilatation being important risk factor for recurrent aortic regurgitation. We hypothesized that adding a suture annuloplasty (SA) should lead to improved repair stability. METHODS: Between July 1999 and September 2014, 268 patients (mean age, 41 ± 13 years, 249 male) underwent isolated BAV repair. From January 2009 to September 2014, 164 consecutive patients (study group) underwent SA using either braided polyester (n = 37) or expanded polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) (n = 127)...
September 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Zahra Mosala Nezhad, Alain Poncelet, Laurent de Kerchove, Caroline Fervaille, Xavier Banse, Xavier Bollen, Jean-Paul Dehoux, Gebrine El Khoury, Pierre Gianello
OBJECTIVES: Porcine small intestinal submucosa extracellular matrix (CorMatrix; CorMatrix Cardiovascular, Rosewell, GA) is a relatively novel tissue substitute used in cardiovascular applications. We investigated the biological reaction and remodelling of CorMatrix as a tri-leaflet valved conduit in a pig model. We hypothesized that CorMatrix maintains a durable architecture as a valved conduit and remodels to resemble surrounding tissues. METHODS: We fashioned the valved conduit using a 7 × 10 cm 4-ply CorMatrix sheet and placed it in the thoracic aorta of seven landrace pigs for 3, 4, 5 and 6 months...
September 22, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Mohammad Abdelghani, Patrick W Serruys
The earliest evidence supporting transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was derived from its comparison with conservative therapy in inoperable patients and with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in extremely high risk patients. TAVI had a relative advantage in these situations being less invasive and hence less prone to the classic early postoperative devastating complications. To prove as effective in less fragile and less morbid patients, the long-term durability of the haemodynamic and clinical gains from TAVI needs to be confirmed...
September 18, 2016: EuroIntervention
Marco Barbanti, Corrado Tamburino
There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating the durability of current transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) devices up to 5 years. However, it is well known that transcatheter aortic valves can degenerate in a manner similar to surgical bioprostheses. In this review we briefly discuss the modes of failure of trans-catheter aortic valves and their potential management.
September 18, 2016: EuroIntervention
Benyamin Rahmani, Spyros Tzamtzis, Rose Sheridan, Michael J Mullen, John Yap, Alexander M Seifalian, Gaetano Burriesci
AIMS: The aim of this study was to introduce and demonstrate the feasibility in an acute preclinical model of a new transcatheter heart valve concept with a self-expanding wire frame, polymeric leaflets and a sealing component. METHODS AND RESULTS: The TRISKELE valve was developed based on a previously validated polymeric leaflet design, an adaptive sealing cuff and a novel nitinol wire frame which reduces stress on the leaflets and radial pressure on the surrounding tissue...
September 18, 2016: EuroIntervention
Davide Capodanno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2016: EuroIntervention
Bernard Prendergast, Corrado Tamburino, Nicolo Piazza, Michael Haude, Stephan Windecker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2016: EuroIntervention
Taichi Sakaguchi
Since its introduction in the mid-1990s, minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MIMVS) has been shown to be a feasible alternative to a conventional full-sternotomy approach, and several studies have reported excellent clinical outcomes with low perioperative morbidity and mortality. As a result, MIMVS is being increasingly employed as a routine procedure worldwide. On the other hand, several issues have been raised, including complications specific to this technique and its steep learning curve, while there are also concerns regarding the durability of a mitral valve repair through a limited access...
September 16, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ulrich Schneider, Wolfram Schmied, Diana Aicher, Christian Giebels, Lena Winter, Hans-Joachim Schäfers
BACKGROUND: Previous experience with repair of the regurgitant bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) has shown a strong influence of commissural orientation on repair durability. We have modified commissural orientation by asymmetric plication of the fused sinuses. We analyzed the results of the modified technique. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, 35 patients with BAV and commissural orientation of no more than 160° underwent aortic valve repair, including plication of the fused sinuses and circular annuloplasty...
September 9, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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