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David S Olshan, Daniel J Rader
The angiopoietin-like proteins are a family of proteins that share structural similarities to the angiopoietins. These proteins have been described to play a key role in the regulation of a myriad of physiologic processes, including serving as essential modulators of lipid and glucose metabolism. Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) is a key regulator of lipoprotein lipase, and its modulation has been shown to significantly impact the body's processing and distribution of triglycerides and cholesterol. Although more research remains to elucidate the full range of mechanisms through which ANGPTL4 affects triglyceride and cholesterol homeostasis, current research has associated decreased ANGPTL4 function with a beneficial effect on lipid parameters and overall cardiovascular disease risk, opening the possibility of ANGPTL4 as a new therapeutic target for the treatment of cardiovascular disease...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Jun Morinaga, Jiabin Zhao, Motoyoshi Endo, Tsuyoshi Kadomatsu, Keishi Miyata, Taichi Sugizaki, Yusuke Okadome, Zhe Tian, Haruki Horiguchi, Kazuya Miyashita, Nobuhiro Maruyama, Masashi Mukoyama, Yuichi Oike
PURPOSE: Angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs) 3, 4, and 8 reportedly contribute to progression of metabolic disease, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether circulating ANGPTL levels are associated with CVD risk after adjustment for potential confounding factors. METHODS: We conducted a single center, cross-sectional study of 988 Japanese subjects undergoing routine health checks. Serum ANGPTL3, 4, and 8 levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
2018: PloS One
Aafke W F Janssen, Saeed Katiraei, Barbara Bartosinska, Daniel Eberhard, Ko Willems van Dijk, Sander Kersten
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) is an important regulator of triacylglycerol metabolism, carrying out this role by inhibiting the enzymes lipoprotein lipase and pancreatic lipase. ANGPTL4 is a potential target for ameliorating cardiometabolic diseases. Although ANGPTL4 has been implicated in obesity, the study of the direct role of ANGPTL4 in diet-induced obesity and related metabolic dysfunction is hampered by the massive acute-phase response and development of lethal chylous ascites and peritonitis in Angptl4-/- mice fed a standard high-fat diet...
March 3, 2018: Diabetologia
Mohamed Abu-Farha, Preethi Cherian, Mohamed G Qaddoumi, Irina AlKhairi, Devarajan Sriraman, Muath Alanbaei, Jehad Abubaker
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a risk factor for both cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs), mainly ANGPTL3, ANGPTL4 and ANGPTL8, are associated with increased plasma lipid content due to their role in regulating the activity of lipoprotein lipase, a key enzyme in metabolism of the lipoprotein in circulation. Dyslipidaemia is a risk factor for hypertension development; however, the roles of ANGPTL3, ANGPTL4 and ANGPTL8 in subjects with hypertension have not yet been established...
March 1, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Mikael Larsson, Christopher M Allan, Patrick J Heizer, Yiping Tu, Norma P Sandoval, Rachel S Jung, Rosemary L Walzem, Anne P Beigneux, Stephen G Young, Loren G Fong
GPIHBP1, an endothelial cell protein, binds lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in the subendothelial spaces and transports it to the capillary lumen. In Gpihbp1-/- mice, LPL remains stranded in the subendothelial spaces, causing hypertriglyceridemia, but how Gpihbp1-/- mice respond to metabolic stress (e.g., cold exposure) has never been studied. In wild-type mice, cold exposure increases LPL-mediated processing of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) in brown adipose tissue (BAT), providing fuel for thermogenesis and leading to lower plasma triglyceride levels...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
Jin-Wu Chen, Ying-Jia Luo, Zheng-Fei Yang, Li-Qiang Wen, Lin Huang
Human gastric cancer (GC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide and is one of the most common metastatic cancers. Tumor proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis and invasion are important predictors of the invasiveness of GC and are key factors in cancer-induced death. Angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) is a secreted protein that belongs to the angiopoietin (ANGPTL) family and is involved in the regulation of cancer metastasis. However, whether ANGPTL4 plays a role in the progression of GC remain unclear...
February 7, 2018: Oncology Reports
Zhandong Qiu, Jia Yang, Gang Deng, Yu Fang, Dayong Li, Suming Zhang
BACKGROUND Angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) is neuroprotective when administered acutely for the treatment of cerebral ischemia. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the preventive effects of ANGPTL4 on the formation of brain edema and to determine whether it promotes the recovery of neurological function following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). MATERIAL AND METHODS Recombinant human ANGPTL4 (rhANGPTL4; 40 µg/kg) or a vehicle was administered intraperitoneally 5 min prior to bacterial collagenase-induced ICH in male C57/B6J mice...
February 12, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Linda Saxe Einbond, Fabiana Manservisi, Hsan-Au Wu, Michael Balick, Victoria Antonetti, Andrea Vornoli, Ilaria Menghetti, Fiorella Belpoggi, Stephen Redenti, Alan Roter
The spice turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) has a long history of use as an anti-inflammatory agent. The active component curcumin induces a variety of diverse biological effects and forms a series of degradation and metabolic products in vivo. Our hypothesis is that the field of toxicogenomics provides tools that can be used to characterize the mode of action and toxicity of turmeric components and to predict turmeric-drug interactions. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated for 4 days with turmeric root containing about 3% curcumin (comparable to what people consume in the fresh or dried root) or a fraction of turmeric enriched for curcumin (∼74%) and liver tissue collected for gene expression analysis...
February 3, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Juan Alberto Pérez-Valencia, Francisco Prosdocimi, Italo M Cesari, Igor Rodrigues da Costa, Carolina Furtado, Michelle Agostini, Franklin David Rumjanek
Metastasis of head and neck tumors is responsible for a high mortality rate. Understanding its biochemistry may allow insights into tumorigenesis. To that end we carried out RNA-Seq analyses of 5 SCC9 derived oral cancer cell lines displaying increased invasive potential. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were annotated based on p-values and false discovery rate (q-values). All 292 KEGG pathways related to the human genome were compared in order to pinpoint the absolute and relative contributions to the invasive process considering the 8 hallmarks of cancer plus 2 new defined categories, as well as we made with our transcriptomic data...
January 31, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rick L Evans, James V Pottala, Satoshi Nagata, Kristi A Egland
BACKGROUND: Metastatic breast cancer (BCa) is most often diagnosed months after completion of treatment of the primary tumor when a patient reports physical symptoms. Besides a physical examination, no other alternative recurrence screening method is recommended for routine follow-up care. Detection of autoantibodies against tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) has demonstrated promise for distinguishing healthy women from patients diagnosed with primary BCa. However, it is unknown what changes occur to patient autoantibody levels during and after treatment...
January 31, 2018: BMC Cancer
Madalina Duta-Mare, Vinay Sachdev, Christina Leopold, Dagmar Kolb, Nemanja Vujic, Melanie Korbelius, Dina C Hofer, Wenmin Xia, Katharina Huber, Martina Auer, Benjamin Gottschalk, Christoph Magnes, Wolfgang F Graier, Andreas Prokesch, Branislav Radovic, Juliane G Bogner-Strauss, Dagmar Kratky
Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is the only known enzyme, which hydrolyzes cholesteryl esters and triacylglycerols in lysosomes of multiple cells and tissues. Here, we explored the role of LAL in brown adipose tissue (BAT). LAL-deficient (Lal-/-) mice exhibit markedly reduced UCP1 expression in BAT, modified BAT morphology with accumulation of lysosomes, and mitochondrial dysfunction, consequently leading to regular hypothermic events in mice kept at room temperature. Cold exposure resulted in reduced lipid uptake into BAT, thereby aggravating dyslipidemia and causing life threatening hypothermia in Lal-/- mice...
January 24, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Li Yuhong, Wuren Tana, Bai Zhengzhong, Tang Feng, Ga Qin, Yang Yingzhong, Guan Wei, Wang Yaping, Charles Langelier, Matthew T Rondina, Ri-Li Ge
OBJECTIVE: High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a life threatening condition occurring in otherwise healthy individuals who rapidly ascend to high altitude. However, the molecular mechanisms of its pathophysiology are not well understood. The objective of this study is to evaluate differential gene expression in patients with HAPE during acute illness and subsequent recovery. METHODS: Twenty-one individuals who ascended to an altitude of 3780 m were studied, including 12 patients who developed HAPE and 9 matched controls without HAPE...
January 20, 2018: Gene
Gabriela Berg, Magali Barchuk, Graciela Lopez, Daniel Yñon, Laura Schreier, Miguel Rubio, Veronica Miksztowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Markus Jabs, Adam J Rose, Lorenz H Lehmann, Jacqueline Taylor, Iris Moll, Tjeerd P Sijmonsma, Stefanie E Herberich, Sven W Sauer, Gernot Poschet, Giuseppina Federico, Carolin Mogler, Eva-Maria Weis, Hellmut G Augustin, Minhong Yan, Norbert Gretz, Roland M Schmid, Ralf H Adams, Hermann-Joseph Gröne, Rüdiger Hell, Jürgen G Okun, Johannes Backs, Peter P Nawroth, Stephan Herzig, Andreas Fischer
Background -Nutrients are transported through endothelial cells before being metabolized in muscle cells. However, little is known about the regulation of endothelial transport processes. Notch signaling is a critical regulator of metabolism and angiogenesis during development. Here, we studied how genetic and pharmacological manipulation of endothelial Notch signaling in adult mice affects endothelial fatty acid transport, cardiac angiogenesis, and heart function. Methods -Endothelial-specific Notch inhibition was achieved by conditional genetic inactivation of Rbp-jκ in adult mice to analyze fatty acid metabolism and heart function...
January 20, 2018: Circulation
Kathryn Glaser, Peter Dickie, Derek Neilson, Alexander Osborn, Belinda Hsi Dickie
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) derived from lymphatic malformations (LMs) bear activated PIK3CA alleles yet display an inflammatory gene expression profile. A basis for the inflammatory phenotype was sought by screening for coexisting somatic mutations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fourteen independent LEC populations bearing activated PIK3CA alleles were isolated from LM. These were characterized by the expression of growth and inflammatory genes (VEGFC, IL-6, COX-2, IL-8, HO-1, E-SEL) by qRT-PCR...
January 18, 2018: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Yu Sun, Yi Li, Chen Liu, Ruicong Xue, Bin Dong, Huiling Huang, Longyun Peng, Jun Liu, Yugang Dong
Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) is a multifunctional secreted protein that can be induced by fasting, hypoxia and glucocorticoids. ANGPTL4 has been associated with a variety of diseases, however, the role of ANGPTL4 in cardiac hypertrophy remains poorly understood. In our study, we aimed to explore the effect of ANGPTL4 on phenylephrine (PE)-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Our results showed that knockdown of ANGPTL4 expression significantly exacerbated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, as demonstrated by increased hypertrophic marker expression, including ANP and cell surface area...
January 16, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Andrzej Lange, Emilia Jaskula, Janusz Lange, Grzegorz Dworacki, Dorota Nowak, Aleksandra Simiczyjew, Monika Mordak-Domagala, Mariola Sedzimirska
We studied three FLT3 ITD acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who relapsed after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) and received multikinase inhibitor (MKI) sorafenib as part of salvage therapy. MKI was given to block the effect of FLT3 ITD mutation which powers proliferation of blast cells. However, the known facts that sorafenib is more effective in patents post alloHSCT suggested that this MKI can augment the immune system surveillance on leukaemia. In the present study, we investigated in depth the effect of sorafenib on the alloreactivity seen post-transplant including that on leukaemia...
2018: PloS One
Sarafroz A Erkinova, Ekaterina A Sokolova, Kirill Y Orlov, Vitaly S Kiselev, Nikolay V Strelnikov, Andrey V Dubovoy, Elena N Voronina, Maxim L Filipenko
BACKGROUND: Brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) are formed by hypertrophied arterial vessels (afferents, feeders), a large number of arteriovenous shunts which become tangled to form a body (nidus) of malformation, which then expands draining proximal veins. The aim of this study was a replication of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs11672433 association with BAVM development with the subsequent meta-analysis of published data. METHODS: A total of 252 Russian patients with brain BAVMs and 480 control subjects were included in the present study...
April 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Yetao Xu, Yifan Lian, Yuanyuan Zhang, Shiyun Huang, Qing Zuo, Nana Yang, Yanzi Chen, Dan Wu, Lizhou Sun
Despite progress in diagnostics and treatment for preeclampsia, it remains the foremost cause of maternal and foetal perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Over recent years, various lines of evidence have emphasized long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) which function as an innovative regulator of biological behaviour, as exemplified by proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis. However, the role of lncRNAs has not been well described in preeclampsia. Here, we identified a lncRNA, PVT1, whose expression was down-regulated in qRT-PCR analyses in severe preeclampsia...
February 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Gabor Gäbel, Bernd H Northoff, Irina Weinzierl, Stefan Ludwig, Irene Hinterseher, Wolfgang Wilfert, Daniel Teupser, Stefan A Doderer, Hendrik Bergert, Frank Schönleben, Jan H N Lindeman, Lesca M Holdt
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision making in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) relies completely on diameter. At this point, improved decision tools remain an unmet medical need. Our goal was to identify changes at the molecular level specifically leading up to AAA rupture. METHODS AND RESULTS: Aortic wall tissue specimens were collected during open elective (eAAA; n=31) or emergency repair of ruptured AAA (rAAA; n=17), and gene expression was investigated using microarrays...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
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