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Exercise and Weight Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534177/european-guidelines-on-lifestyle-changes-for-management-of-hypertension-awareness-and-implementation-of-recommendations-among-german-and-european-physicians
#1
J Bolbrinker, L Zaidi Touis, H Gohlke, B Weisser, R Kreutz
BACKGROUND: In the 2013 European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension, six lifestyle changes for treatment are recommended for the first time with class I, level of evidence A. We initiated a survey among physicians to explore their awareness and consideration of lifestyle changes in hypertension management. METHODS: The survey included questions regarding demographics as well as awareness and implementation of the recommended lifestyle changes...
May 22, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530142/a-targeted-self-management-approach-for-reducing-stroke-risk-factors-in-african-american-men-who-have-had-a-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack
#2
Martha Sajatovic, Curtis Tatsuoka, Elisabeth Welter, Kari Colon-Zimmermann, Carol Blixen, Adam T Perzynski, Shelly Amato, Jamie Cage, Johnny Sams, Shirley M Moore, Svetlana Pundik, Sophia Sundararajan, Charles Modlin, Cathy Sila
PURPOSE: This study compared a novel self-management (TargetEd MAnageMent Intervention [TEAM]) versus treatment as usual (TAU) to reduce stroke risk in African American (AA) men. DESIGN: Six-month prospective randomized controlled trial with outcomes evaluated at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. SETTING: Academic health center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight (age < 65) AA men who had a stroke or transient ischemic attack and a Barthel index score of >60 were randomly assigned to TEAM (n = 19) or TAU (n = 19)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514618/aerobic-or-resistance-exercise-or-both-in-dieting-obese-older-adults
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dennis T Villareal, Lina Aguirre, A Burke Gurney, Debra L Waters, David R Sinacore, Elizabeth Colombo, Reina Armamento-Villareal, Clifford Qualls
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes frailty in older adults; however, weight loss might accelerate age-related loss of muscle and bone mass and resultant sarcopenia and osteopenia. METHODS: In this clinical trial involving 160 obese older adults, we evaluated the effectiveness of several exercise modes in reversing frailty and preventing reduction in muscle and bone mass induced by weight loss. Participants were randomly assigned to a weight-management program plus one of three exercise programs - aerobic training, resistance training, or combined aerobic and resistance training - or to a control group (no weight-management or exercise program)...
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#4
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504048/the-penn-state-heart-assistant-a-pilot-study-of-a-web-based-intervention-to-improve-self-care-of-heart-failure-patients
#5
Tom Lloyd, Harleah Buck, Andrew Foy, Sara Black, Antony Pinter, Rosanne Pogash, Bobby Eismann, Eric Balaban, John Chan, Allen Kunselman, Joshua Smyth, John Boehmer
The Penn State Heart Assistant, a web-based, tablet computer-accessed, secure application was developed to conduct a proof of concept test, targeting patient self-care activities of heart failure patients including daily medication adherence, weight monitoring, and aerobic activity. Patients (n = 12) used the tablet computer-accessed program for 30 days-recording their information and viewing a short educational video. Linear random coefficient models assessed the relationship between weight and time and exercise and time...
May 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501537/effects-of-exercise-on-liver-fat-and-metabolism-in-alcohol-drinkers
#6
David Houghton, Kate Hallsworth, Christian Thoma, Sophie Cassidy, Timothy Hardy, Sarah Heaps, Kieren G Hollingsworth, Roy Taylor, Christopher P Day, Steve Masson, Stuart McPherson, Quentin M Anstee, Michael I Trenell
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Exercise is an important component of obesity associated disorders and has been shown to reduce markers of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, little is known about how these effects are influenced by alcohol intake. We performed a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of exercise on hepatic triglyceride content (HTGC) and metabolism in overweight or obese patients who consume alcohol. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 27 patients (mean age 54±11years, body mass index [BMI], 31±4kg/m2) with >5% HTGC in the United Kingdom, consuming alcohol (mean 221±75 g/week)...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495040/overweight-and-obesity-weight-perception-and-weight-management-practices-among-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-education-snap-ed-participants-in-georgia-a%C3%A2-needs-assessment
#7
Claudette Bailey, Jung Sun Lee
OBJECTIVE: Examine associations among weight status, weight perception, and weight management practices of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) participants in Georgia. METHODS: Self-reported weight, height, and weight-related practices were assessed and analyzed in 270 SNAP-Ed participants. RESULTS: Almost three quarters of the sample self-reported overweight or obesity. Among overweight and obese subjects, 39% and 69%, respectively, accurately perceived themselves as overweight...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493659/self-management-of-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorders-through-physical-activity-exercise
#8
Louise Pelletier, Shamila Shanmugasegaram, Scott B Patten, Alain Demers
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity/exercise is regarded as an important self-management strategy for individuals with mental illness. The purpose of this study was to describe individuals with mood and/or anxiety disorders who were exercising or engaging in physical activity to help manage their disorders versus those who were not, and the facilitators for and barriers to engaging in physical activity/exercise. METHODS: For this study, we used data from the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada-Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component...
May 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471492/oscillating-devices-for-airway-clearance-in-people-with-cystic-fibrosis
#9
REVIEW
Lisa Morrison, Stephanie Innes
BACKGROUND: Chest physiotherapy is widely prescribed to assist the clearance of airway secretions in people with cystic fibrosis. Oscillating devices generate intra- or extra-thoracic oscillations orally or external to the chest wall. Internally they create variable resistances within the airways, generating controlled oscillating positive pressure which mobilises mucus. Extra-thoracic oscillations are generated by forces outside the respiratory system, e.g. high frequency chest wall oscillation...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469495/psychological-responses-to-acute-aerobic-resistance-or-combined-exercise-in-healthy-and-overweight-individuals-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Thomas J Elkington, Samantha Cassar, André R Nelson, Itamar Levinger
INTRODUCTION: Psychological distress and depression are risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). As such, a reduction in psychological distress and increase in positive well-being may be important to reduce the risk for future development of CVD. Exercise training may be a good strategy to prevent and assist in the management of psychological disorders. The psychological effects of the initial exercise sessions may be important to increase exercise adherence. The aims of this systematic review were (a) to examine whether acute aerobic, resistance, or a combination of the 2 exercises improves psychological well-being and reduces psychological distress in individuals with healthy weight and those who are overweight/obese but free from psychological disorders, and (b) if so, to examine which form of exercise might yield superior results...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467004/chances-and-limitations-of-video-games-in-the-fight-against-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Isabelle Mack, Carolin Bayer, Norbert Schäffeler, Nadine Reiband, Ellen Brölz, Guido Zurstiege, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Caterina Gawrilow, Stephan Zipfel
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted to assess the chances and limitations of video games to combat and prevent childhood obesity. This search included studies with video or computer games targeting nutrition, physical activity and obesity for children between 7 and 15 years of age. RESULTS: The study distinguished between games that aimed to (i) improve knowledge about nutrition, eating habits and exercise; (ii) increase physical activity; or (iii) combine both approaches...
May 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462569/exercise-induced-median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome-in-athletes-case-series
#12
Yasmin Grant, Sarah Onida, Brahman Dharmarajah, Emma B Davies, Alun H Davies
The median arcuate ligament (MAL) is a fibrous arch connecting the right and left diaphragmatic crura; this usually lies superior to the origin of the coeliac axis. Occasionally, the ligament crosses anterior to the aorta, at the level of the coeliac trunk; leading to mechanical compression of the coeliac artery, resulting in the clinical condition of MAL syndrome (MALS). Symptomatic patients characteristically present with post-prandial pain associated with unintentional weight loss, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459027/long-term-efficacy-and-safety-of-empagliflozin-monotherapy-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-indian-subgroup-results-from-a-76-week-extension-trial-of-phase-iii-double-blind-randomized-study
#13
Sunil Gupta, Shehla Shaikh, Pooja Joshi, Shraddha Bhure, Viraj Suvarna
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Empagliflozin, a sodium glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor, was recently evaluated in a randomized, controlled trial (RCT) in drug-naïve Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients managed on diet and exercise therapy. Efficacy and safety of empagliflozin in Indian subgroup of patients from a 76-week extension study of the initial multicentric RCT are reported in this article. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, patients were randomized to empagliflozin 10 mg (E10, n = 24), empagliflozin 25 mg (E25, n = 29), placebo (n = 28) and sitagliptin 100 mg (S100, n = 27)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457982/permissive-flexibility-in-successful-lifelong-weight-management-a-qualitative-study-among-finnish-men-and-women
#14
Anu Joki, Johanna Mäkelä, Mikael Fogelholm
Maintaining normal weight in the current obesogenic environment is a challenge. However, some people can do it. More insight is needed to understand how and why some people succeed in long-term weight maintenance. This study uses a rare, qualitative approach by describing the thoughts of successful weight management and self-perceived requirements for success in weight maintenance. We interviewed 39 individuals who have maintained normal weight for their entire lives (men and women). The content analysis revealed a main theme: flexible, permissive and conscious self-regulation, which was divided into two subthemes (eating-related behavior and weight-related behavior)...
April 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442452/homestyles-a-web-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-families-with-preschool-children-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Mallory Koenings, Virginia Quick, Nobuko Hongu, John Worobey
BACKGROUND: The home environment is where young children spend most of their time, and is critically important to supporting behaviors that promote health and prevent obesity. However, the home environment and lifestyle patterns remain understudied, and few interventions have investigated parent-led makeovers designed to create home environments that are supportive of optimal child health and healthy child weights. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the HomeStyles randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to determine whether the Web-based HomeStyles intervention enables and motivates parents to shape the weight-related aspects of their home environments and lifestyle behavioral practices (diet, exercise, and sleep) to be more supportive of their preschool children's optimal health and weight...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429555/management-of-mineral-and-bone-disorders-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#16
Matthew J Damasiewicz, Peter R Ebeling
The management of post-transplantation bone disease is a complex problem that remains under-appreciated in clinical practice. In these patients, pre-existing metabolic bone disorder is further impacted by the use of immunosuppressive medications (glucocorticoids and calcineurin-inhibitors), variable post-transplantation renal allograft function and post-transplantation diabetes mellitus. The treatment of post-transplantation bone loss should begin pre-transplantation. All patients active on transplant waiting lists should be screened for bone disease...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418204/modeling-aesthetics-to-support-an-ecosystem-services-approach-for-natural-resource-management-decision-making
#17
Pieter N Booth, Sheryl A Law, Jane Ma, John Buonogurio, James Boyd, Jessica Turnley
This paper reviews literature on aesthetics and describes the development of vista and landscape aesthetics models. Spatially explicit variables were chosen to represent physical characteristics of natural landscapes that are important to aesthetic preferences. A vista aesthetics model evaluates the aesthetics of natural landscapes viewed from distances over 1,000 m. and a landscape aesthetics model evaluates the aesthetic value of wetlands and forests within 1,000 m from the viewer. Each of the model variables is quantified using spatially-explicit metrics on a pixel-specific basis within EcoAIM™, a GIS-based ecosystem services decision analysis support tool...
April 18, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416496/long-term-cost-reduction-of-routine-medications-following-a-residential-programme-combining-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Charlotte Lanhers, Guillaume Walther, Robert Chapier, Bruno Lesourd, Geraldine Naughton, Bruno Pereira, Martine Duclos, Agnès Vinet, Philippe Obert, Daniel Courteix, Frédéric Dutheil
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that lifestyle modifications will reduce the cost of routine medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), through a mechanism involving glycaemic control. DESIGN: A within-trial cost-medication analysis with a 1-year time horizon. SETTING: Controlled environment within the spa resort of Chatel-Guyon, France. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine participants (aged 50-70 years) with T2D. INTERVENTIONS: A 1-year follow-up intervention, beginning with a 3-week residential programme combining high exercise volume (15-20 hours/week), restrictive diet (-500 kcal/day) and education...
April 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411964/understanding-what-matters-an-exploratory-study-to-investigate-the-views-of-the-general-public-for-priority-setting-criteria-in-health-care
#19
Julie Ratcliffe, Emily Lancsar, Ruth Walker, Yuanyuan Gu
Health care policy makers internationally are increasingly expressing commitment to consultation with, and incorporation of, the views of the general public into the formulation of health policy and the process of setting health care priorities. In practice, however, there are relatively few opportunities for the general public to be involved in health care decision-making. In making resource allocation decisions, funders, tasked with managing scarce health care resources, are often faced with difficult decisions in balancing efficiency with equity considerations...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403830/effectiveness-of-progressive-resistive-exercise-pre-in-the-context-of-hiv-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-using-the-cochrane-collaboration-protocol
#20
REVIEW
Kelly K O'Brien, Anne-Marie Tynan, Stephanie A Nixon, Richard H Glazier
BACKGROUND: HIV is increasingly considered a chronic illness. More individuals are living longer and aging with the health-related consequences associated with HIV and multi-morbidity. Exercise is a self-management approach that can promote health for people aging with HIV. We examined the safety and effectiveness of progressive resistive exercise (PRE) interventions on immunological, virological, cardiorespiratory, strength, weight, body composition, and psychological outcomes in adults living with HIV...
April 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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