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Exercise and Weight Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166409/post-weaning-high-fat-diet-results-in-growth-cartilage-lesions-in-young-male-rats
#1
Samuel S Haysom, Mark H Vickers, Lennex H Yu, Clare M Reynolds, Elwyn C Firth, Sue R McGlashan
To determine if a high-fat diet (HF) from weaning would result in a pro-inflammatory state and affect joint cartilage, we fed male rats either HF or Chow diet post-weaning, and voluntary wheel exercise (EX) or cage only activity (SED) after 9 weeks of age. At 17 weeks body composition, plasma biomarkers and histomorphology scores of femoro-tibial cartilages of HF-SED, HF-EX, Chow-SED and Chow-EX groups were compared. Food intake and activity were not significantly different between groups. HF diet resulted in significantly higher weight gain, %fat, fat:lean ratio, and plasma leptin, insulin and TNFα concentrations, with significant interactions between diet and exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146657/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-sleeve-device-endobarrier-compared-with-standard-medical-therapy-for-the-management-of-obese-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Michael Alan Glaysher, Aruchuna Mohanaruban, Christina Gabriele Prechtl, Anthony P Goldstone, Alexander Dimitri Miras, Joanne Lord, Navpreet Chhina, Emanuela Falaschetti, Nicholas Andrew Johnson, Werd Al-Najim, Claire Smith, Jia V Li, Mayank Patel, Ahmed R Ahmed, Michael Moore, Neil Poulter, Stephen Bloom, Ara Darzi, Carel Le Roux, James P Byrne, Julian P Teare
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), is increasing. Exclusion of the foregut, as occurs in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, has a key role in the metabolic improvements that occur following bariatric surgery, which are independent of weight loss. Endoscopically placed duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve devices, such as the EndoBarrier (GI Dynamics, Lexington, Massachusetts, USA), have been designed to create an impermeable barrier between chyme exiting the stomach and the mucosa of the duodenum and proximal jejunum...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128651/design-and-rationale-of-the-medical-students-learning-weight-management-counseling-skills-msweight-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Judith K Ockene, Karen M Ashe, Rashelle B Hayes, Linda C Churchill, Sybil L Crawford, Alan C Geller, Denise Jolicoeur, Barbara C Olendzki, Maria Theresa Basco, Jyothi A Pendharkar, Kristi J Ferguson, Thomas P Guck, Katherine L Margo, Catherine A Okuliar, Monica A Shaw, Taraneh Soleymani, Diane D Stadler, Sarita S Warrier, Lori Pbert
Physicians have an important role addressing the obesity epidemic. Lack of adequate teaching to provide weight management counseling (WMC) is cited as a reason for limited treatment. National guidelines have not been translated into an evidence-supported, competency-based curriculum in medical schools. Weight Management Counseling in Medical Schools: A Randomized Controlled Trial (MSWeight) is designed to determine if a multi-modal theoretically-guided WMC educational intervention improves observed counseling skills and secondarily improve perceived skills and self-efficacy among medical students compared to traditional education (TE)...
November 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120192/weight-stigma-and-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-responses
#4
Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Diane M Quinn
OBJECTIVE: Considerable evidence has documented links between weight stigma and poor health, independent of weight. However, little research has assessed how individuals cope with weight stigma, and how stigma-specific coping responses contribute to health. The present study examined multiple stigma-specific coping responses as mediators of the relationship between experienced weight stigma and health. METHOD: A diverse national sample of 912 adults (53.9% female, Mage = 40...
November 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119193/outpatient-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Yiyang Liow, Wilson Wang, Victor Weng Keong Loh
Osteoarthritis of the knee is a common disease that causes significant disability. Most patients can be managed conservatively in the outpatient setting. A small minority require surgery. The cornerstones of treatment are weight loss, exercise and analgesia. Walking aids, medial patellar taping, acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation are useful management adjuncts. Current evidence does not support routine prescription of glucosamine and chondroitin supplements. Early consultation with an orthopaedic surgeon should be made when conservative measures fail...
October 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119130/addressing-pediatric-obesity-in-clinic
#6
George G A Pujalte, Isabella Ahanogbe, McKennan J Thurston, Richard O White, Alva Roche-Green
There is an epidemic of pediatric obesity in the United States. In most cases, there is an excess in the amount of calories consumed, compared with the amount of calories expended. Numerous body systems are affected by pediatric obesity, with complications varying between boys and girls. Behavioral, genetic, and environmental factors affect the ability of children to avoid becoming obese. Primary care physicians should screen for obesity in children as much as possible. Associated risk factors for obesity should be uncovered...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117472/text-messaging-approach-improves-weight-loss-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-study
#7
Page Axley, Sudha Kodali, Yong-Fang Kuo, Sujan Ravi, Toni Seay, Nina M Parikh, Ashwani K Singal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as the most common liver disease. The only effective treatment is 7-10% weight loss. Mobile technology is increasingly used in weight management. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of text messaging intervention on weight loss in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: 30 well-defined NAFLD patients (mean age 52 yrs., 67% females, mean BMI 38) were randomized 1:1 to control group: counseling on healthy diet and exercise, or intervention group: text messages in addition to healthy life style counseling...
November 8, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112280/characterization-and-correlates-of-exercise-among-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#8
Jason M Nagata, Jennifer L Carlson, Jessica M Kao, Neville H Golden, Stuart B Murray, Rebecka Peebles
OBJECTIVE: To characterize exercise behaviors among adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN), atypical AN, or bulimia nervosa (BN), and determine associations between exercise and medical risk. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic medical records of all patients evaluated by the Eating Disorder Program at Stanford between January 1997 and February 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: 1,083 subjects (961 females, 122 males; mean age 15...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110187/outcomes-from-a-community-based-hypertension-educational-programme-the-west-of-ireland-hypertension-study
#9
M Darrat, A Houlihan, I Gibson, M Rabbitt, G Flaherty, F Sharif
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a leading modifiable risk factor for premature cardiovascular disease. Research indicates a growing prevalence of hypertension among adults worldwide, with accompanying low levels of patient knowledge, and sub-optimal clinical management. AIMS: This study aims to explore the impact of a structured hypertension educational intervention on patient knowledge, lifestyle behaviours and blood pressure control. DESIGN: An observational, prospective cohort design was selected...
November 6, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104693/exercise-participation-motives-and-engaging-in-sports-activity-among-university-of-ljubljana-students
#10
Katja Cerar, Miran Kondrič, Nicolae Ochiana, Joško Sindik
AIM: The main aim of this study was to examine differences in sport participation motives, the frequency of engaging in sports activities according to gender, region and field of study, but also the association between the incidence of engaging in sports activity and the motivation for sports activity of students at the University of Ljubljana. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five thousand two hundred seventy-one students completed The Exercise Motivations Inventory (EMI-2), with additional questions about 12 socio-demographic parameters...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102370/characteristics-of-postoperative-weight-bearing-and-management-protocols-for-tibial-plateau-fractures-findings-from-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
John B Arnold, Chen Gang Tu, Tri M Phan, Mark Rickman, Viju Daniel Varghese, Dominic Thewlis, Lucian B Solomon
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe the characteristics of existing practices for postoperative weight bearing and management of tibial plateau fractures (TPFs), identify gaps in the literature, and inform the design of future research. METHODS: Seven electronic databases and clinical trial registers were searched from inception until November 17th 2016. Studies were included if they reported on the surgical management of TPFs, had a mean follow-up time of ≥1year and provided data on postoperative management protocols...
October 31, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080827/clinical-importance-of-non-participation-in-a-maximal-graded-exercise-test-on-risk-of-non-fatal-and-fatal-cardiovascular-events-and-all-cause-mortality-cardia-study
#12
Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Kara M Whitaker, Daniel Duprez, Barbara Sternfeld, Cora E Lewis, Steve Sidney, Gregory Knell, David R Jacobs
While poor performance during a maximal graded exercise test (GXT) predicts cardiovascular events and premature mortality, the potential clinical importance of non-participation in a GXT, either for medical or non-medical reasons, is currently unknown. Data are from 4086 and 3547 Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) participants who attended the Year 7 (ages 25-37years) and/or 20 exams (ages 38-50years), respectively, which included a GXT. Cox proportional hazard models were used to examine the effect of GXT disposition (at Year 7 and 20, separately) on risk of non-fatal and fatal cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality obtained through 28years of follow-up...
October 25, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068433/diet-and-exercise-interventions-for-pediatric-cancer-patients-during-therapy-tipping-the-scales-for-better-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Keri L Schadler, Eugenie S Kleinerman, Joya Chandra
Obesity at diagnosis is a negative prognostic indicator for several pediatric cancers including acute leukemia and bone tumors. Incidence of obesity in children has increased three-fold over the past 2 decades, and causes for this include poor diet, excessive caloric intake, and lack of physical activity, which are collectively referred to as energy balance-related behaviors. Few energy balance interventions have been implemented in pediatric cancer patients during treatment, and here we will probe the rationale for pursuing such studies...
October 25, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058620/powers-forid-personalized-online-weight-and-exercise-response-system-for-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
William H Neumeier, Nichole Guerra, Mohanraj Thirumalai, Betty Geer, David Ervin, James H Rimmer
BACKGROUND: Intellectual disability (ID) is characterized by limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. Adults with ID exhibit higher rates of obesity and poorer health status compared to the general population. Continuity of care and barriers to health-related activities may contribute to the poorer health status observed in this population. To address this problem, a tailored weight management online health information and communication technology platform, known as POWERSforID, was developed and is being tested to determine if this delivery mechanism can improve weight maintenance/weight loss in adults with ID...
October 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053575/the-impact-of-a-weight-loss-intervention-on-diet-quality-and-eating-behaviours-in-people-with-obesity-and-copd
#15
Rebecca F McLoughlin, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter G Gibson, Hayley A Scott, Michael J Hensley, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks, Lisa G Wood
There is a paucity of evidence to guide clinicians about appropriate management strategies for people with obesity and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We have recently published results from the first weight loss intervention in adults (>18 years) with obesity (body mass index; BMI ≥ 30 kg/m²) and COPD, using a low-calorie diet coupled with a partial meal replacement plan and resistance exercise training, which resulted in a 6.4% reduction in weight while maintaining skeletal muscle mass and improving health status...
October 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049180/the-effect-of-care-intervention-for-obese-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Xuelian Jiang, Xiyun Fan, Rui Wu, Fengqin Geng, Chenping Hu
The incidence of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide and affecting the quality of people's life. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of care intervention on body weight and glycemic parameters in obese T2DM patients.One hundred twenty-six obese T2DM cases were randomly divided into 2 groups. Patients in control group received conventional care, while patients in the intervention group received dietary, exercise, and psychology interventions on the basis of conventional care. Twelve months follow-up was performed to compare the changes of body weight and glycemic parameters in the 2 groups...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035677/effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-application-for-the-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-components-focusing-on-weight-loss-a-preliminary-study
#17
Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Dong-Hwa Lee, Youngin Kim, Andreas Michaelides, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Hak Chul Jang, Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: There are inconsistent results for the effectiveness of using smartphone applications (apps) or websites on weight loss. We investigated the efficacy of a smartphone intervention using a designated app that utilizes a lifestyle intervention-focused approach, including a human coaching element, toward weight loss in overweight or obese Korean adults. METHODS: One hundred four adults aged 20-60 years with a body mass index ≥23 kg/m(2), who signed up for a smartphone program for weight loss (using the Noom app), were recruited...
November 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022288/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-general-dietary-advice-versus-a-very-low-energy-diet-in-an-obese-outpatient-population-in-australia
#18
Rebecca L Venchiarutti, Karen Byth, Jonathan L Marks, Ashwini Chand, Caron S Blumenthal
PURPOSE: Obesity is a major public health burden. Outpatient clinics are an essential resource for individuals with obesity to access advice for weight loss management. The aim of this study was to compare anthropometric and weight loss outcomes between participants receiving general dietary (GD) advice, and those on a very low energy diet (VLED) under non-trial conditions. METHODS: Data from 276 adults with obesity attending a multidisciplinary weight management clinic were analysed...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022103/antidiabetic-plant-derived-nutraceuticals-a-critical-review
#19
REVIEW
Jayapal Naveen, Vallikannan Baskaran
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the major health problems in the world, especially amongst the urban population. Chemically synthesized drugs used to decrease the ill effects of DM and its secondary complications cause adverse side effects, viz., weight gain, gastrointestinal disturbances, and heart failure. Currently, various other approaches, viz., diet control, physical exercise and use of antidiabetic plant-derived molecules/foods are advocated to manage DM, as they are economical with fewer or no side effects...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020674/obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-two-diseases-with-a-need-for-combined-treatment-strategies-easo-can-lead-the-way
#20
Deborah R Leitner, Gema Frühbeck, Volkan Yumuk, Karin Schindler, Dragan Micic, Euan Woodward, Hermann Toplak
Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease affecting adults and children worldwide. It has become one of the leading causes of death, as obesity is known to be the main risk factor for a number of non-communicable diseases, in particular type 2 diabetes. This close relationship led to the connotation 'diabesity', highlighting the fact that the majority of individuals with diabetes are overweight or obese. Until today the BMI is still used to classify overweight and obesity. Since reduced muscle mass is highly prevalent throughout the BMI range, the measurement of body composition is strongly recommended...
October 12, 2017: Obesity Facts
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