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Exercise and Weight Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776897/reach-and-acceptability-of-a-mobile-reminder-strategy-and-facebook-group-intervention-for-weight-management-in-less-advantaged-adolescents-insights-from-the-pralimap-in%C3%A3-s-trial
#1
Laura Saez, Johanne Langlois, Karine Legrand, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Edith Lecomte, Abdou Y Omorou, Serge Briançon
BACKGROUND: Although information and communication technology interventions appear to be a promising means of reducing the health inequality gap in overweight and obesity prevention, research on information and communication technology interventions is lacking outside the Anglo-Saxon world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reach and acceptability of 2 information and communication technology interventions delivered as part of a French nutritional program: an SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) attendance-reminder for collective sessions strategy and a Facebook challenge group...
May 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759883/minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-for-tibial-derotation-osteotomies-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Ilker Abdullah Sarikaya, Ali Seker, Ozan Ali Erdal, Mehmet Ali Talmac, Muharrem Inan
OBJECTIVE: Tibial derotation osteotomy can be used in the treatment of rotational deformities in case of ineffective conservative management. Our aim was to evaluate the results of the patients who underwent minimal invasive plate osteosynthesis for tibial derotation osteotomies. METHODS: Total of 16 patients (17 procedures) were included in this study. Mean age was 11.5 (3-25) years. We clinically assessed the tibial torsion by measuring the thigh-foot angle (TFA)...
May 11, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742963/dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-results-from-cluster-analysis-and-market-basket-analysis
#3
Hui-Peng Liew
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity remains a major public health concern and there has been a significant increase in childhood obesity in the USA. AIM: This study seeks to uncover the major patterns of dietary habits in relation to physical activity, together with students' opinions about the quality of food in the school's cafeteria and vending machines. METHODS: The empirical work of this study is based on the 2011 Healthy School Program (HSP) Evaluation...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741296/assessment-and-management-of-bone-health-in-women-with-oestrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-receiving-endocrine-therapy-position-statement-of-the-endocrine-society-of-australia-the-australian-and-new-zealand-bone-mineral-society-the-australasian-menopause
#4
Mathis Grossmann, Sabashini Ramchand, Frances Milat, Amanda Vincent, Elgene Lim, Mark A Kotowicz, Jill Hicks, Helena Teede
OBJECTIVE: To formulate clinical consensus recommendations on bone health assessment and management of women with oestrogen receptor-positive early breast cancer receiving endocrine therapy. METHODS: Representatives appointed by relevant Australian Medical Societies used a systematic approach for adaptation of guidelines (ADAPTE) to derive an evidence-informed position statement addressing five key questions. RESULTS: Women receiving adjuvant aromatase inhibitors and the subset of premenopausal woman on tamoxifen have accelerated bone loss and increased fracture risk...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736958/benefits-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-pediatric-asthma
#5
Stephen Kirkby, Allison Rossetti, Don Hayes, Elizabeth Allen, Shahid Sheikh, Benjamin Kopp, Alpa Patel
INTRODUCTION: There are limited studies evaluating the role of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in pediatric asthma. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all pediatric patients with a diagnosis of asthma enrolled in PR. Demographics, medications, and clinical records were reviewed. In addition, PFTs, 6-min walk test (6MWT), and patient/parent symptom and quality of life surveys before and after PR were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 38 patients were enrolled in PR; 18 (47%) female and 20 (53%) male...
May 7, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736571/clinical-management-in-early-oa
#6
Rita Grazina, Renato Andrade, Ricardo Bastos, Daniela Costa, Rogério Pereira, José Marinhas, António Maestro, João Espregueira-Mendes
Knee osteoarthritis affects an important percentage of the population throughout their life. Several factors seem to be related to the development of knee osteoarthritis including genetic predisposition, gender, age, meniscal deficiency, lower limb malalignments, joint instability, cartilage defects, and increasing sports participation. The latter has contributed to a higher prevalence of early onset of knee osteoarthritis at younger ages with this active population demanding more consistent and durable outcomes...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734256/assessing-information-needs-regarding-metabolic-syndrome-among-gynecological-cancer-survivors-a-concurrent-mixed-method
#7
Insil Jang, Ji-Su Kim, Minhae Kim, Eunkyung Lee
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have an increased risk of non-cancer-related deaths, particularly metabolic syndrome (MetS). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess knowledge deficits regarding metabolism-related diseases among gynecological cancer survivors and the preferred source of health information. METHODS: Using a mixed methods approach, 70 participants responded to a structured modified version of the MetS questionnaire. We conducted 28 semistructured interviews of gynecological cancer survivors with MetS...
April 27, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725875/obesity-and-migraine-in-childhood
#8
REVIEW
Tal Eidlitz Markus, Irene Toldo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this work was to review the current literature on the epidemiology and pathophysiology of pediatric obesity and migraine, underlying pathogenic mechanisms that may explain the association between the two disorders, and the effects of treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: In children and adolescents, the bulk of the available data support an association between obesity and headache disorders in general, though a small number of studies contradict these findings...
May 3, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724726/eular-recommendations-for-the-health-professional-s-approach-to-pain-management-in-inflammatory-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis
#9
Rinie Geenen, Cécile L Overman, Robin Christensen, Pernilla Åsenlöf, Susana Capela, Karen L Huisinga, Mai Elin P Husebø, Albère J A Köke, Zoe Paskins, Irene A Pitsillidou, Carine Savel, Judith Austin, Afton L Hassett, Guy Severijns, Michaela Stoffer-Marx, Johan W S Vlaeyen, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Sarah J Ryan, Stefan Bergman
Pain is the predominant symptom for people with inflammatory arthritis (IA) and osteoarthritis (OA) mandating the development of evidence-based recommendations for the health professional's approach to pain management. A multidisciplinary task force including professionals and patient representatives conducted a systematic literature review of systematic reviews to evaluate evidence regarding effects on pain of multiple treatment modalities. Overarching principles and recommendations regarding assessment and pain treatment were specified on the basis of reviewed evidence and expert opinion...
May 3, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720185/exercise-training-and-endothelial-function-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#10
Shanhu Qiu, Xue Cai, Han Yin, Zilin Sun, Martina Zügel, Jürgen Michael Steinacker, Uwe Schumann
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise training is considered a cornerstone in the management of type 2 diabetes, which is associated with impaired endothelial function. However, the association of exercise training with endothelial function in type 2 diabetes patients has not been fully understood. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate their associations with focus on exercise types. METHODS: Databases were searched up to January 2018 for studies evaluating the influences of exercise training with durations ≥ 8 weeks on endothelial function assessed by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) among type 2 diabetes patients or between type 2 diabetics and non-diabetics...
May 2, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708035/gender-differences-in-outcomes-after-aortic-aneurysm-surgery-should-foster-further-research-to-improve-screening-and-prevention-programmes
#11
Francesco Nicolini, Antonella Vezzani, Francesco Corradi, Riccardo Gherli, Filippo Benassi, Tullio Manca, Tiziano Gherli
Background Gender-related biases in outcomes after thoracic aortic surgery are an important factor to consider in the prevention of potential complications related to aortic diseases and in the analysis of surgical results. Methods The aim of this study is to provide an up-to-date review of gender-related differences in the epidemiology, specific risk factors, outcome, and screening and prevention programmes in aortic aneurysms. Results Female patients affected by aortic disease still have worse outcomes and higher early and late mortality than men...
June 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707530/shape-up-and-eat-right-families-pilot-program-feasibility-of-a-weight-management-shared-medical-appointment-model-in-african-americans-with-obesity-at-an-urban-academic-medical-center
#12
Gitanjali Srivastava, Kenya D Palmer, Kathy A Ireland, Ashley C McCarthy, Kate E Donovan, Aaron J Manders, Juhee McDougal, Carine M Lenders, Caroline M Apovian
Objectives: Disparities in obesity care exist among African-American children and adults. We sought to test the feasibility of a pilot program, a 1-year family-based intervention for African-American families with obesity [shape up and eat right (SUPER)], adopting the shared medical appointment model (SMA) at an urban safety net hospital. Outcomes: Primary outcomes: (1) family attendance rate and (2) program satisfaction. Secondary outcomes: change in body mass index (BMI), eating behaviors, and sedentary activity...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690917/health-consequences-for-mother-and-baby-of-substantial-pre-conception-weight-loss-in-obese-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Sarah Price, Alison Nankervis, Michael Permezel, Luke Prendergast, Priya Sumithran, Joseph Proietto
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy suggest lifestyle modification before conception. However, there is little evidence that lifestyle modification alters pregnancy outcomes. Bariatric surgery results in significant weight loss. This appears to reduce the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes for the mother but may increase the risk of adverse outcomes for the infant. In order to reduce the risks of obesity-related adverse pregnancy outcomes for both mother and offspring, alternative approaches to the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy are needed...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686449/does-time-in-range-matter-perspectives-from-people-with-diabetes-on-the-success-of-current-therapies-and-the-drivers-of-improved-outcomes
#14
Ava S Runge, Lynn Kennedy, Adam S Brown, Abigail E Dove, Brian J Levine, Sophie P Koontz, Varun S Iyengar, Sarah A Odeh, Kelly L Close, Irl B Hirsch, Richard Wood
IN BRIEF After assessing patient perspectives on the success of current diabetes therapies and the factors that have the greatest impact on daily life, we show that time-in-range is a crucial outcome for people with diabetes and that current therapies are falling short on this metric. We also show that patients feel significant stress and worry, and they believe they are falling short in diet, exercise, and weight maintenance. In addition, they believe diet and exercise and in-range blood glucose are the biggest drivers of improved diabetes management and mindset...
April 2018: Clinical Diabetes: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685868/development-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-mobile-app-for-overweight-pregnant-women-qualitative-study
#15
Ying Lau, Ling Jie Cheng, Claudia Chi, Cammy Tsai, Kai Wen Ong, Sarah Su Tin Ho-Lim, Wei Wang, Kian-Lee Tan
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps are becoming an increasingly ubiquitous platform for delivery of health behavior interventions among overweight and obese perinatal women. However, only a few methodological guidelines on integrating theory, evidence, and qualitative research for their designs are available. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a theory-based, evidence-driven, and user-centered healthy lifestyle app targeting overweight and obese multiethnic pregnant women...
April 23, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684218/what-is-the-evidence-for-a-role-for-diet-and-nutrition-in-osteoarthritis
#16
Sally Thomas, Heather Browne, Ali Mobasheri, Margaret P Rayman
As current treatment options in OA are very limited, OA patients would benefit greatly from some ability to self-manage their condition. Since diet may potentially affect OA, we reviewed the literature on the relationship between nutrition and OA risk or progression, aiming to provide guidance for clinicians. For overweight/obese patients, weight reduction, ideally incorporating exercise, is paramount. The association between metabolic syndrome, type-2 diabetes and OA risk or progression may partly explain the apparent benefit of dietary-lipid modification resulting from increased consumption of long-chain omega-3 fatty-acids from oily fish/fish oil supplements...
May 1, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683979/lifestyle-interventions-for-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-network-meta-analysis
#17
Tian-Tian Zou, Chao Zhang, Yi-Fan Zhou, Yi-Jing Han, Jiao-Jiao Xiong, Xi-Xi Wu, Yong-Ping Chen, Ming-Hua Zheng
Lifestyle interventions remain the first-line therapy for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aims to evaluate the individual impact of exercise and/or dietary interventions on the level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), and BMI. Randomized-controlled trials from patients diagnosed with NAFLD were included in the meta-analysis if they reported the associations between changes in ALT, AST, HOMA-IR, or BMI and types of lifestyle interventions...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680707/mice-selectively-bred-for-high-voluntary-wheel-running-behavior-conserve-more-fat-despite-increased-exercise
#18
Layla Hiramatsu, Theodore Garland
Physical activity is an important component of energy expenditure, and acute changes in activity can lead to energy imbalances that affect body composition, even under ad libitum food availability. One example of acute increases in physical activity is four replicate, selectively-bred High Runner (HR) lines of mice that voluntarily run ~3-fold more wheel revolutions per day over 6-day trials and are leaner, as compared with four non-selected control (C) lines. We expected that voluntary exercise would increase food consumption, build lean mass, and reduce fat mass, but that these effects would likely differ between HR and C lines or between the sexes...
April 19, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673244/changes-in-body-composition-blood-lipid-profile-and-growth-factor-hormone-in-a-patient-with-prader-willi-syndrome-during-24-weeks-of-complex-exercise-a-single-case-study
#19
Hee Joung Joung, In Soo Lim
PURPOSE: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder characterized by excessive appetite with progressive obesity and growth hormone (GH) deficiency. Excessive eating causes progressive obesity with increased risk of morbidities and mortality. Although GH treatment has beneficial effects on patients with PWS, adverse events have occurred during GH treatment. Exercise potentially has a positive effect on obesity management. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of 24-week complex exercise program on changes in body composition, blood lipid profiles, and growth factor hormone levels in a patient with PWS...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671538/stable-coronary-artery-disease-treatment
#20
Michael M Braun, William A Stevens, Craig H Barstow
Stable coronary artery disease refers to a reversible supply/demand mismatch related to ischemia, a history of myocardial infarction, or the presence of plaque documented by catheterization or computed tomography angiography. Patients are considered stable if they are asymptomatic or their symptoms are controlled by medications or revascularization. Treatment involves risk factor management, antiplatelet therapy, and antianginal medications. Tobacco cessation, exercise, and weight loss are the most important lifestyle modifications...
March 15, 2018: American Family Physician
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