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Exercise and Weight Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429555/management-of-mineral-and-bone-disorders-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#1
Matthew J Damasiewicz, Peter R Ebeling
The management of post-transplantation bone disease is a complex problem that remains under-appreciated in clinical practice. In these patients, pre-existing metabolic bone disorder is further impacted by the use of immunosuppressive medications (glucocorticoids and calcineurin-inhibitors), variable post-transplantation renal allograft function and post-transplantation diabetes mellitus. The treatment of post-transplantation bone loss should begin pre-transplantation. All patients active on transplant waiting lists should be screened for bone disease...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418204/modeling-aesthetics-to-support-an-ecosystem-services-approach-for-natural-resource-management-decision-making
#2
Pieter N Booth, Sheryl A Law, Jane Ma, John Buonogurio, James Boyd, Jessica Turnley
This paper reviews literature on aesthetics and describes the development of vista and landscape aesthetics models. Spatially explicit variables were chosen to represent physical characteristics of natural landscapes that are important to aesthetic preferences. A vista aesthetics model evaluates the aesthetics of natural landscapes viewed from distances over 1,000 m. and a landscape aesthetics model evaluates the aesthetic value of wetlands and forests within 1,000 m from the viewer. Each of the model variables is quantified using spatially-explicit metrics on a pixel-specific basis within EcoAIM™, a GIS-based ecosystem services decision analysis support tool...
April 18, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416496/long-term-cost-reduction-of-routine-medications-following-a-residential-programme-combining-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Charlotte Lanhers, Guillaume Walther, Robert Chapier, Bruno Lesourd, Geraldine Naughton, Bruno Pereira, Martine Duclos, Agnès Vinet, Philippe Obert, Daniel Courteix, Frédéric Dutheil
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that lifestyle modifications will reduce the cost of routine medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), through a mechanism involving glycaemic control. DESIGN: A within-trial cost-medication analysis with a 1-year time horizon. SETTING: Controlled environment within the spa resort of Chatel-Guyon, France. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine participants (aged 50-70 years) with T2D. INTERVENTIONS: A 1-year follow-up intervention, beginning with a 3-week residential programme combining high exercise volume (15-20 hours/week), restrictive diet (-500 kcal/day) and education...
April 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411964/understanding-what-matters-an-exploratory-study-to-investigate-the-views-of-the-general-public-for-priority-setting-criteria-in-health-care
#4
Julie Ratcliffe, Emily Lancsar, Ruth Walker, Yuanyuan Gu
Health care policy makers internationally are increasingly expressing commitment to consultation with, and incorporation of, the views of the general public into the formulation of health policy and the process of setting health care priorities. In practice, however, there are relatively few opportunities for the general public to be involved in health care decision-making. In making resource allocation decisions, funders, tasked with managing scarce health care resources, are often faced with difficult decisions in balancing efficiency with equity considerations...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403830/effectiveness-of-progressive-resistive-exercise-pre-in-the-context-of-hiv-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-using-the-cochrane-collaboration-protocol
#5
Kelly K O'Brien, Anne-Marie Tynan, Stephanie A Nixon, Richard H Glazier
BACKGROUND: HIV is increasingly considered a chronic illness. More individuals are living longer and aging with the health-related consequences associated with HIV and multi-morbidity. Exercise is a self-management approach that can promote health for people aging with HIV. We examined the safety and effectiveness of progressive resistive exercise (PRE) interventions on immunological, virological, cardiorespiratory, strength, weight, body composition, and psychological outcomes in adults living with HIV...
April 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401638/the-effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-vs-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-on-body-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
M Wewege, R van den Berg, R E Ward, A Keech
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) for improvements in body composition in overweight and obese adults. METHODS: Trials comparing HIIT and MICT in overweight or obese participants aged 18-45 years were included. Direct measures (e.g. whole-body fat mass) and indirect measures (e.g. waist circumference) were examined. RESULTS: From 1,334 articles initially screened, 13 were included...
April 11, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394547/influence-of-male-obesity-on-fertility
#7
Miro Kasum, Sonja Anić-Jurica, Ermin Čehić, Tajana Klepac-Pulanić, Josip Juras, Kristina Žužul
The aim of this review is to analyze current diagnostic approaches to obesity in adult men, the potential mechanisms linking obesity to infertility, and treatment options aimed at improving reproductive health. Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic with the estimated prevalence increasing from 28.8% to 36.9% between 1980 and 2013. In terms of diagnosis, numerous simple techniques have been developed including body mass index, waist to hip ratio, waist circumference, bioelectrical impedance analysis, ultrasound and skinfold measurements...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389056/effects-of-adipokines-and-obesity-on-uterine-contractility
#8
REVIEW
Henri Azaïs, Audrey Leroy, Louise Ghesquiere, Philippe Deruelle, Sandy Hanssens
Obesity is a major public health problem. The prevalence of obesity has significantly increased in developed countries, particularly in France with an overall increase of 76% over the last 15 years. In pregnant women, obesity is associated with alterations in the quality of labor, such as delayed onset of labor, a higher rate of prolonged pregnancies, prolonged labor, and higher oxytocin requirements. There is also an increased prevalence of Cesarean sections, particularly during the active phase of labor, and perinatal complications (postpartum hemorrhage)...
January 13, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388998/menopause-and-exercise-intolerance
#9
REVIEW
Ann R Lurati
Central adiposity and weight gain are common among postmenopausal women. Because of the metabolic changes that many postmenopausal women experience, there can be a decrease in exercise tolerance related to the loss of potent estrogens. This can lead to the development of insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. Despite the challenges that exercise intolerance may pose for some postmenopausal women, evidence suggests that regular exercise and caloric restriction are crucial for weight management after menopause...
April 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388727/progesterone-receptors-and-proliferation-of-the-endometrium-in-obese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-lifestyle-intervention-study
#10
Mariana Paulson, Lena Sahlin, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
Context: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with increased risk of endometrial cancer. This is usually explained by chronic anovulation and deficient progesterone activity. However, the role of progesterone receptors (PRs) in endometrial proliferation is unclear. Objective: To evaluate PRs in relation to endometrial proliferation in women with PCOS. Design: Cross-sectional study and lifestyle intervention. Setting: Clinical and laboratory research unit at a university hospital...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387447/withdrawn-interventions-for-fatigue-and-weight-loss-in-adults-with-advanced-progressive-illness
#11
REVIEW
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386912/neuropsychiatric-safety-with-liraglutide-3-0%C3%A2-mg-for-weight-management-results-from-randomized-controlled-phase-2-and-3a-trials
#12
P M O'Neil, V R Aroda, A Astrup, R Kushner, D C W Lau, T A Wadden, J Brett, A Cancino, J P H Wilding
AIMS: Liraglutide, a GLP-1 receptor agonist, regulates appetite via receptors in the brain. Due to concerns over the potential of centrally-acting anti-obesity medications to affect mental health, pooled neuropsychiatric safety data from all phase 2 and 3a randomized, double-blind trials with liraglutide 3.0 mg were evaluated post hoc. METHODS: Data from the liraglutide weight-management programme were pooled. Across trials, individuals with a body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2) or ≥27 kg/m(2) with weight-related comorbidities were randomized to once-daily subcutaneous liraglutide 3...
April 6, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384076/ehealth-literacy-patient-engagement-in-identifying-strategies-to-encourage-use-of-patient-portals-among-older-adults
#13
Eboni G Price-Haywood, Jewel Harden-Barrios, Robin Ulep, Qingyang Luo
Innovations in chronic disease management are growing rapidly as advancements in technology broaden the scope of tools. Older adults are less likely to be willing or able to use patient portals or smartphone apps for health-related tasks. The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of older adults (ages ≥50) with hypertension or diabetes to examine relationships between portal usage, interest in health-tracking tools, and eHealth literacy, and to solicit practical solutions to encourage technology adoption...
April 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366413/adverse-effects-of-female-obesity-and-interaction-with-race-on-reproductive-potential
#14
REVIEW
Barbara Luke
Across the reproductive spectrum, obesity is associated with greater risks for adverse health outcomes, including higher rates of infertility, subfertility, early pregnancy loss, fetal deaths and stillbirths, congenital anomalies, and pregnancy complications. The excess reproductive morbidity associated with obesity may increase with longer duration, making the current trends among children and young adults particularly critical in terms of their future reproductive potential. Obese women have a lower chance of pregnancy following in vitro fertilization (IVF), require higher dosages of gonadotropins, and have reduced rates of implantation, clinical intrauterine gestation, and live birth rates and increased rates of pregnancy loss, as well as greater risks for prematurity and preeclampsia even when stratified by plurality...
April 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360981/association-between-the-awareness-of-dyslipidemia-and-health-behavior-for-control-of-lipid-levels-among-korean-adults-with-dyslipidemia
#15
In Young Cho, Hwa Yeon Park, Kiheon Lee, Woo Kyung Bae, Se Young Jung, Hye Jin Ju, Jae Kyeong Song, Jong Soo Han
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor contributing to cardiovascular disease and its prevalence is steadily rising. Although screening tests are readily accessible, dyslipidemia remains undertreated. Evaluating health behavior patterns after diagnosis may help improve lifestyle interventions for the management of dyslipidemia. METHODS: Data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012 were used. A total of 6,624 dyslipidemia patients over 20 years old were included according to National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359235/halving-your-cake-and-eating-it-too-a-case-based-discussion-and-review-of-metabolic-rehabilitation-for-obese-adults-with-diabetes
#16
R Bishay, N Kormas
BACKGROUND: The global epidemic of obesity will see normal weight adults constituting a mere one-third of the global population by 2025. Although appetite and weight are regulated by a complex integration of neurological, endocrine and gastrointestinal feedback mechanisms, there is a constant interaction between psychological state, physical impairment, presence of comorbid chronic disease and medications. METHODS: We discuss two cases and reveal a practical approach to investigating and managing patients with obesity and diabetes in the 'real world'...
March 29, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344764/atypical-antipsychotics-recent-research-findings-and-applications-to-clinical-practice-proceedings-of-a-symposium-presented-at-the-29th-annual-european-college-of-neuropsychopharmacology-congress-19-september-2016-vienna-austria
#17
REVIEW
Robin Murray, Christoph U Correll, Gavin P Reynolds, David Taylor
Available evidence suggests that second-generation atypical antipsychotics are broadly similar to first-generation agents in terms of their efficacy, but may have a more favourable tolerability profile, primarily by being less likely to cause extrapyramidal symptoms. However, atypical antipsychotics are variably associated with disturbances in the cardiometabolic arena, including increased body weight and the development of metabolic syndrome, which may reflect differences in their receptor binding profiles...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342901/the-sympathetic-neuro-adipose-connection-and-the-control-of-body-weight
#18
REVIEW
Inês Mahú, Ana I Domingos
In recent decades, obesity has become a global public health crisis irrespective of age or gender [20]. But according to historic records, concerns over appropriate maintenance of body size have been long established. For more than to 2 millennia, the main therapeutic approach to curb excess weight has been to recommend dietary restrictions and regular exercise (Haslam, 2016). Nevertheless, more contemporary studies indicate that the employment of such approaches in the treatment of severely obese patients causes metabolic adaptions which impair their long-term success in weight management [8]...
March 22, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331454/family-based-behavioral-treatment-for-childhood-obesity-caretaker-reported-barriers-and-facilitators
#19
Amanda E Staiano, Arwen M Marker, James Comeaux, Johannah M Frelier, Daniel S Hsia, Stephanie T Broyles
BACKGROUND: Family-based behavioral treatments are effective ways to promote children's weight management through healthy eating and exercise. However, programs typically have high attrition and low attendance. The aim of this study was to obtain in-depth caregiver input on barriers and facilitators to participate in a family-based, behavioral childhood obesity treatment program. METHODS: Three focus groups were facilitated among 21 parents/guardians at 2 school-based health centers and 1 federally qualified health center...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325117/psychometric-summary-of-the-technology-delivered-tension-scales-for-weight-management
#20
Kelli L Kramer-Jackman, Sue Popkess-Vawter
The purpose of this article is to summarize the psychometric results from studies of the last 25 years of the Overeating Tension Scale, Exercise Tension Scale, Feelings Tension Scale, and Feelings About Weight Tension Scale. These reliable and valid technology-delivered weight management scales can be used by clinicians independently or in combination to longitudinally identify specific triggers of overeating, skipping exercise, feeling low or down, and strong feelings about one's body weight; motivational states, and related tension levels...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
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