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Exercise and Weight Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326901/short-term-effects-of-theracurmin-dose-and-exercise-type-on-pain-walking-ability-and-muscle-function-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#1
Yun-A Shin, Min-Hwa Suk, Hee-Seung Jang, Hye-Jung Choi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term of Theracurmin dose and exercise type on pain, walking ability, and muscle function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Twenty-five patients with knee osteoarthritis randomly selected to Theracurmin intake (T) group and Theracurmin in combined with exercise (T+E) group. T group (n= 13) was taken orally a capsule of 700 mg, 3 times per day, (total 2,100 mg, 35 mg/kg-body weight). T+E group (n= 12) performed aerobic training of 30-min walking and weight training for increasing leg muscular strength...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325839/the-effect-of-low-load-exercise-on-joint-pain-function-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#2
Jason Peeler, Jacquie Ripat
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis has a lifetime risk of nearly one in two, with obese individuals being most susceptible. While exercise is universally recognized as a critical component for management, unsafe or ineffective exercise frequently leads to exacerbation of joint symptoms. AIM: Evaluate the effect of a 12week lower body positive pressure (LBPP) supported low-load treadmill walking program on knee pain, joint function, and performance of daily activities in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)...
January 8, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324808/a-novel-prescription-pedometer-assisted-walking-intervention-and-weight-management-for-chinese-occupational-population
#3
Yingxiang Yu, Yiran Lv, Bin Yao, Liguang Duan, Xiaoyuan Zhang, Lan Xie, Cuiqing Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Information technology has been previously used for the research and practice of health promotion. Appropriate and effective health promotion methods used by professional groups remain to be investigated. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a weight management program among the Chinese occupational population using and a novel information technology exercise prescription. STUDY DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A 3-month open, self-monitored intervention trial, involving individualized pedometer-assisted exercise prescription and a one-time targeted dietary guidance prior to exercise was conducted on the Chinese occupational population aged 18-65 years in China from 2015 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316345/factors-related-to-frailty-among-the-elderly-in-south-korea-a-3-year-longitudinal-study
#4
Jin-Kyoung Park, Jong-Eun Lee
PURPOSE: To examine factors associated with frailty among the young-old elderly (YOE) and old-old elderly (OOE). METHODS: This longitudinal study with a 3-year follow-up included 486 participants who received home care services. FINDINGS: Precipitous weight loss and depression in the YOE and worsening of complex mobility and depression in the OOE were associated with worsened frailty over the 3-year period. CONCLUSIONS: To prevent frailty, we suggest weight-loss prevention programs for the YOE, lower-limb exercise programs for the OOE, and depression management programs for both groups...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316189/acute-lumbar-paraspinal-compartment-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
William Alexander, Nelson Low, George Pratt
While still a rare entity, acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome has an increasing incidence. Similar to other compartment syndromes, acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome is defined by raised pressure within a closed fibro-osseous space, limiting tissue perfusion within that space. The resultant tissue ischaemia presents as acute pain, and if left untreated, it may result in permanent tissue damage. A literature search of 'paraspinal compartment syndrome' revealed 21 articles. The details from a case encountered by the authors are also included...
January 8, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313752/recent-science-and-clinical-application-of-nutrition-to-coronary-heart-disease
#6
Mark Houston, Deanna Minich, Stephen T Sinatra, Joel K Kahn, Mimi Guarneri
One of the greatest threats to mortality in industrialized societies continues to be coronary heart disease (CHD). Moreover, the ability to decrease the incidence of CHD has reached a limit utilizing traditional diagnostic evaluations and prevention and treatment strategies for the top five cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, obesity, and smoking). It is well known that about 80% of CHD can be prevented with optimal nutrition, coupled with exercise, weight management, mild alcohol intake, and smoking cessation...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289942/patterns-of-routine-primary-care-for-osteoarthritis-in-the-uk-a-cross-sectional-electronic-health-records-study
#7
Holly Jackson, Lauren A Barnett, Kelvin P Jordan, Krysia S Dziedzic, Elizabeth Cottrell, Andrew G Finney, Zoe Paskins, John J Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To determine common patterns of recorded primary care for osteoarthritis (OA), and patient and provider characteristics associated with the quality of recorded care. DESIGN: An observational study nested within a cluster-randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Eight UK general practices who were part of the Management of Osteoarthritis in Consultations study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients recorded as consulting within the eight general practices for clinical OA...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287963/prevention-of-tamoxifen-related-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-breast-cancer-patients
#8
Hong-Tai Chang, Hsiang-Ju Pan, Chien-Hung Lee
BACKGROUND: Tamoxifen is commonly used to prevent breast cancer recurrence. Studies have confirmed the association between tamoxifen and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), with the results indicating the need for aggressive management of this side effect. We assessed the potential risk factors for and identified the possible protective factors of tamoxifen-related fatty liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled patients with a history of breast cancer, aged 20 to 70 years, who had received with tamoxifen treatment within the past 5 years...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276539/triceps-tendon-rupture-repair-and-rehabilitation
#9
Cezary Kocialkowski, Rebecca Carter, Chris Peach
Triceps tendon ruptures are rare injuries and are frequently missed on initial presentation to the emergency department. In cases of complete rupture, surgical repair is recommended but no guidelines exist on the optimum reconstructive technique or rehabilitation. We present a surgical technique and rehabilitation programme for the management of these injuries. A midline posterior incision is performed, the ruptured triceps tendon is identified and mobilized, and the tendon footprint is prepared. The tendon is then repaired using bone suture anchors, with a parachute technique, and held in 40° of flexion...
January 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258868/when-exercise-does-not-pay-counterproductive-effects-of-impending-exercise-on-energy-intake-among-restrained-eaters
#10
Aaron Y Sim, Li Ling Lee, Bobby K Cheon
Evidence suggests people may overestimate the effectiveness of future positive behaviour, leading to counterproductive behaviours in the present. Applied to weight-management, we hypothesize that inaccurate expectations about impending exercise may impede weight management by promoting overconsumption prior to exercise. This study aimed to determine how expectations about impending exercise and its potential ability to expend energy may influence i) energy intake before exercise and ii) overall energy balance (energy intake minus energy expended via exercise)...
December 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247962/vulnerability-to-exercise-addiction-socio-demographic-behavioral-and-psychological-characteristics-of-runners-at-risk-for-eating-disorders
#11
Laura Di Lodovico, Caroline Dubertret, Aurely Ameller
BACKGROUND: Excessive exercise is frequently associated with eating disorders and may degenerate into exercise addiction. We still don't know whether runners at risk for eating disorders are at risk for exercise addiction. Our aim is to assess: 1) risk for exercise addiction in runners at risk for eating disorders and 2) socio-demographic, behavioral and psychological characteristics distinguishing runners at-risk from not-at-risk for eating disorders. METHODS: We assessed risk for eating disorders and exercise addiction using the SCOFF questionnaire and the Exercise Addiction Inventory personality traits with the Big-Five Inventory Test, socio-demographic data, eating and training habits in a sample of 154 healthy runners...
November 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225899/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-child-and-parent-weight-management-children-and-parents-randomized-to-the-intervention-group-have-correlated-changes-in-adiposity
#12
Diane C Berry, Robert G McMurray, Todd A Schwartz, Emily G Hall, Madeline N Neal, Reuben Adatorwover
Background: Studies have suggested that obesity is linked within families and that successful interventions involve both the parent and child with obesity. However little information exists regarding similarities in adiposity and weight loss between the parent and child, especially in low socio-economic ethnically diverse households. Methods: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the changes from baseline over time in adiposity, weight, health behaviors, and self-efficacy in children (n = 184) and parents (n = 184) participating in an 18-month weight loss program...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224232/physical-activity-and-family-based-obesity-treatment-a-review-of-expert-recommendations-on-physical-activity-in-youth
#13
REVIEW
C Foster, J B Moore, C R Singletary, J A Skelton
Targeting physical inactivity in children is pertinent to aiding in the decrease of childhood obesity rates. Only 33% of adolescents are obtaining the recommended goal of at least 60 min of physical activity per day. The objectives of this review are to summarize professional recommendations for physical activity and exercise in children and adolescents, and identify family-centred strategies that can be implemented by weight management clinicians. Clinically oriented recommendations and policy statements from professional organizations were identified through literature and internet searches, summarized using rubrics of aerobic, muscle strengthening and bone strengthening exercise, then examined for details on family-based focus, inclusion of child developmental stage and age, and application to the prevention and treatment of obesity...
February 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222399/pediatric-disorders-of-orthostatic-intolerance
#14
REVIEW
Julian M Stewart, Jeffrey R Boris, Gisela Chelimsky, Phillip R Fischer, John E Fortunato, Blair P Grubb, Geoffrey L Heyer, Imad T Jarjour, Marvin S Medow, Mohammed T Numan, Paolo T Pianosi, Wolfgang Singer, Sally Tarbell, Thomas C Chelimsky
Orthostatic intolerance (OI), having difficulty tolerating an upright posture because of symptoms or signs that abate when returned to supine, is common in pediatrics. For example, ∼40% of people faint during their lives, half of whom faint during adolescence, and the peak age for first faint is 15 years. Because of this, we describe the most common forms of OI in pediatrics and distinguish between chronic and acute OI. These common forms of OI include initial orthostatic hypotension (which is a frequently seen benign condition in youngsters), true orthostatic hypotension (both neurogenic and nonneurogenic), vasovagal syncope, and postural tachycardia syndrome...
December 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215970/energy-expenditure-in-professional-flat-jockeys-using-doubly-labelled-water-during-the-racing-season-implications-for-body-weight-management
#15
George Wilson, Daloni Lucas, Catherine Hambly, John R Speakman, James P Morton, Graeme L Close
To formulate individualized dietary strategies for jockeys, it is vital that energy requirements are quantified. We measured total energy expenditure (TEE) over two separate weeks in spring and summer using doubly labelled water in a group of male flat jockeys (n = 8, 36.9 ± 5.7 years, 164 ± 8 cm, 54.6 ± 2.5 kg). Total energy intake (TEI) was self-recorded, as were all riding and structured exercise activity. Mean daily TEE was 10.83 (±2.3) and 10.66 (±1.76) MJ, (p = .61) respectively...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214863/impact-of-a-weight-management-intervention-on-eating-competence-importance-of-measurement-interval-in-protocol-design
#16
Barbara Lohse, Jodi Stotts Krall, Tricia Psota, Penny Kris-Etherton
PURPOSE: To examine changes in eating competence (EC) in 12-month weight loss intervention. DESIGN: Randomized, parallel-arm with weight loss phase (baseline to month 4) and weight-maintenance phase (months 4-12). SETTING: Face-to-face in University classrooms, supervised and self-directed fitness sessions at University fitness center, and home. PARTICIPANTS: Premenopausal, mostly college-educated Pennsylvania women, body mass index >25 (n = 101)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214820/weight-management-behaviors-among-mexican-american-youth-cross-sectional-variation-by-timing-of-growth-and-maturation
#17
Jennifer L Gay, Eva V Monsma, Katie Darby Hein
PURPOSE: To assess the association between growth and maturation with weight management behaviors (WMBs) among Mexican American youth. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was used to measure timing of growth and maturation as well as WMBs. SAMPLE: Students were recruited through physical education classes in south Texas schools. The sample included 623 participants (52.3% female; 49.8% with weight ≥85th percentile) in grades 4 through 12. Students in middle school were purposely oversampled to examine questions around timing of growth and maturation...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214814/barriers-to-engagement-in-a-workplace-weight-management-program-a-qualitative-study
#18
Shayna M Clancy, Marissa Stroo, Ashley Schoenfisch, Thushani Dabrera, Truls Østbye
PURPOSE: To investigate (1) why some participants in a workplace weight management program were more engaged in the program, (2) specific barriers and facilitators for engagement and weight loss, and (3) suggest how workplaces may better engage employees in these programs to improve their effectiveness. DESIGN: Qualitative study (8 focus groups). SETTING: A large academic university and medical system. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six (5%) of the 550 employees who participated in a weight management program as part of the Steps to Health study...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214023/assessment-and-clinical-management-of-bone-disease-in-adults-with-eating-disorders-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Anne Drabkin, Micol S Rothman, Elizabeth Wassenaar, Margherita Mascolo, Philip S Mehler
Aim: To review current medical literature regarding the causes and clinical management options for low bone mineral density (BMD) in adult patients with eating disorders. Background: Low bone mineral density is a common complication of eating disorders with potentially lifelong debilitating consequences. Definitive, rigorous guidelines for screening, prevention and management are lacking. This article intends to provide a review of the literature to date and current options for prevention and treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211681/effect-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-short-term-weight-loss-and-eating-behaviors-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Kathleen C Spadaro, Kelliann K Davis, Susan M Sereika, Bethany B Gibbs, John M Jakicic, Susan M Cohen
Background There is a significant health crisis with rates of obesity continuing to increase despite research and clinical standard behavioral weight loss programs (SBWP). Mindfulness meditation (MM), with demonstrated benefits on physical, psychological health, and self-regulation behaviors was explored with SBWP. Methods Forty-six adults (BMI=32.5±3.7 kg/m2; age=45.2±8.2 years, 87 % female, 21.7 % African American) were randomly assigned to a 6-month SBWP only (n=24) or SBWP+MM (n=22) at a university-based physical activity and weight management research center in a northeastern US city...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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