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Exercise and Weight Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922692/phosphodiesterase-4-inhibitors-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
REVIEW
Jimmy Chong, Bonnie Leung, Phillippa Poole
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with cough, sputum production or dyspnoea and a reduction in lung function, quality of life and life expectancy. Apart from smoking cessation, there are no other treatments that slow lung function decline. Roflumilast and cilomilast are oral phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors proposed to reduce the airway inflammation and bronchoconstriction seen in COPD. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2011 and updated in 2013...
September 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915838/gout-and-comorbidity-a-nominal-group-study-of-people-with-gout
#2
Jasvinder A Singh
BACKGROUND: Comorbidities are common in patients with gout, yet qualitative research is lacking. The study objective was to examine the impact of gout on comorbidities. METHODS: Nine nominal groups were conducted. Patients with gout discussed and rank-ordered their concerns in response to the question, "How does gout or its treatment affect your other conditions and their treatment?" RESULTS: Nine nominal groups had 45 gout patients, with mean age 61 years (standard deviation (SD) 10...
September 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911936/exercise-training-in-patients-with-pulmonary-and-systemic-hypertension-a-unique-therapy-for-two-different-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Massimo Leggio, Augusto Fusco, Giorgio Limongelli, Luca Sgorbini
Pulmonary hypertension is a potentially life-threatening condition. Given its evolving definition, the incidence and prevalence of the disease is difficult to define, but registries suggest an increased global awareness. The management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension is highly specialised and requires multi-disciplinary input from a range of healthcare professionals, including cardiologists, respiratory physicians, rheumatologists, rehabilitation physicians and cardio-pulmonary physiotherapists...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902639/the-role-of-specialized-prevention-clinics-for-the-short-term-follow-up-of-acute-coronary-syndromes
#4
Salih Kılıç, Evrim Şimşek, Hatice Soner Kemal, Elif İlkay Yüce, Cüneyt Türkoğlu, Meral Kayıkçıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of specialized prevention clinics and standard clinics follow-ups on secondary protection after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) on cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: A total of 118 patients who received thrombolytic therapy after being diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were followed up for 6 months. After ACS, patients in a specialized prevention clinic (Group 1) (n=67) and those in a standard clinic (Group 2) (n=51) were compared in terms of the change in their lifestyle, management of risk factors, and drug compliance...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900573/the-effects-of-a-multimodal-rehabilitation-program-on-pain-kinesiophobia-and-function-in-a-runner-with-patellofemoral-pain
#5
Samuele Passigli, Pietro Capacci, Emanuele Volpi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multimodal interventions possess the strongest evidence in the long-term management of patellofemoral pain, but despite receiving evidence-based treatments that are initially effective many patients report recurrent or persistent symptoms for years after the initial diagnosis. Untreated psychological factors could be a possible explanation for persistent symptoms and poor treatment outcome. The purpose of this case report was to describe and evaluate the effects of a multimodal rehabilitation program that included pain education, a graded program of lower limb strengthening, and running retraining on pain, kinesiophobia, and function in a runner with patellofemoral pain...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894513/diagnostic-methods-risk-factors-prevention-and-management-of-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-past-present-and-future-directions
#6
Hoda E Sayegh, Maria S Asdourian, Meyha N Swaroop, Cheryl L Brunelle, Melissa N Skolny, Laura Salama, Alphonse G Taghian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is a chronic, adverse, and much feared complication of breast cancer treatment, which affects approximately 20% of patients following breast cancer treatment. BCRL has a tremendous impact on breast cancer survivors, including physical impairments and significant psychological consequences. The intent of this review is to discuss recent studies and analyses regarding the risk factors, diagnosis, prevention through early screening and intervention, and management of BCRL...
June 2017: Current Breast Cancer Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885930/therapeutic-lifestyle-changes-impact-on-weight-quality-of-life-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-veterans-with-mental-illness
#7
Jillian M Tessier, Zachary D Erickson, Hilary B Meyer, Matthew R Baker, Hollie A Gelberg, Irina Y Arnold, Crystal Kwan, Valery Chamberlin, Jennifer A Rosen, Chandresh Shah, Gerhard Hellemann, Melissa M Lewis, Charles Nguyen, Neena Sachinvala, Binyamin Amrami, Joseph M Pierre, Donna Ames
INTRODUCTION: Veterans with mental illness tend to have shorter life spans and suboptimal physical health because of a variety of factors. These factors include poor nutrition, being overweight, and smoking cigarettes. Nonphysical contributors that may affect quality of life are the stigma associated with mental illness, social difficulties, and spiritual crises. Current mental health treatment focuses primarily on the delivery of medication and evidence-based psychotherapies, which may not affect all the above areas of a Veteran's life as they focus primarily on improving psychological symptoms...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883731/antipsychotic-associated-weight-gain-management-strategies-and-impact-on-treatment-adherence
#8
REVIEW
Madhubhashinee Dayabandara, Raveen Hanwella, Suhashini Ratnatunga, Sudarshi Seneviratne, Chathurie Suraweera, Varuni A de Silva
Antipsychotic-induced weight gain is a major management problem for clinicians. It has been shown that weight gain and obesity lead to increased cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality, reduced quality of life and poor drug compliance. This narrative review discusses the propensity of various antipsychotics to cause weight gain, the pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions available to counteract this effect and its impact on adherence. Most antipsychotics cause weight gain. The risk appears to be highest with olanzapine and clozapine...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882108/general-practitioners-perspectives-on-a-proposed-new-model-of-service-delivery-for-primary-care-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-qualitative-study
#9
Thorlene Egerton, Rachel Nelligan, Jenny Setchell, Lou Atkins, Kim L Bennell
BACKGROUND: Effective management of people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) requires development of new models of care, and successful implementation relies on engagement of general practitioners (GPs). This study used a qualitative methodology to identify potential factors influencing GPs' engagement with a proposed new model of service delivery to provide evidence-based care for patients with knee OA and achieve better patient outcomes. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews with 11 GPs were conducted...
September 7, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871630/changes-in-psychosocial-health-during-a-7-week-paediatric-weight-management-program
#10
J M Tucker, K Howard, K DeLaFuente, A Cadieux, K E Yee
Youth with obesity are at increased risk of psychosocial symptoms; however, little is known regarding the impact of paediatric weight management (PWM) on psychosocial health. The aim of the study was to investigate changes in psychosocial health among children who completed a 7-week PWM program. Participants aged 5 to 16 years with a BMI ≥85th percentile completed a 7-week, family-centred PWM program focused on health behaviour education, exercise and mentored goal setting. The Paediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC) was assessed via parent report to evaluate psychosocial symptoms before and after the program, and subscales were calculated for internalizing (PSC-IS), externalizing (PSC-ES) and attention symptoms (PSC-AS)...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860800/effectiveness-of-a-diabetes-mellitus-pictorial-diary-handbook-program-for-middle-aged-and-elderly-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-quasi-experimental-study-at-taladnoi-primary-care-unit-saraburi-thailand
#11
Rapat Eknithiset, Ratana Somrongthong
AIM: The research question is "How does a diabetes mellitus (DM) pictorial diary handbook (PDHB) affect the knowledge, practice, and HbA1c among patients with DM type 2?" The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a PDHB program among middle-aged and elderly patients with DM type 2 in primary care units in Thailand. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental study design was applied. DM type 2 patients were recruited in the PDHB program by a simple random sampling method...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836234/weight-management-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-and-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Adham Mottalib, Megan Kasetty, Jessica Y Mar, Taha Elseaidy, Sahar Ashrafzadeh, Osama Hamdy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are typically viewed as lean individuals. However, recent reports showed that their obesity rate surpassed that of the general population. Patients with T1D who show clinical signs of type 2 diabetes such as obesity and insulin resistance are considered to have "double diabetes." This review explains the mechanisms of weight gain in patients with T1D and how to manage it. RECENT FINDINGS: Weight management in T1D can be successfully achieved in real-world clinical practice...
August 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825615/dynamic-energy-balance-an-integrated-framework-for-discussing-diet-and-physical-activity-in-obesity-prevention-is-it-more-than-eating-less-and-exercising-more
#13
Melinda M Manore, D Enette Larson-Meyer, Anne R Lindsay, Nobuko Hongu, Linda Houtkooper
Understanding the dynamic nature of energy balance, and the interrelated and synergistic roles of diet and physical activity (PA) on body weight, will enable nutrition educators to be more effective in implementing obesity prevention education. Although most educators recognize that diet and PA are important for weight management, they may not fully understand their impact on energy flux and how diet alters energy expenditure and energy expenditure alters diet. Many nutrition educators have little training in exercise science; thus, they may not have the knowledge essential to understanding the benefits of PA for health or weight management beyond burning calories...
August 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815987/health-related-quality-of-life-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-lorcaserin-for-obesity-management-what-mediates-improvement
#14
R L Kolotkin, R D Crosby, Z Wang
Lorcaserin, plus diet and exercise, has demonstrated significant weight loss and improved cardiometabolic parameters vs. placebo in patients with overweight/obesity in three randomized, placebo-controlled trials. We examined whether lorcaserin is also associated with greater improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and whether these improvements are wholly attributable to weight loss. Pooled data from Behavioral Modification and Lorcaserin for Overweight and Obesity Management (BLOOM), Behavioral Modification and Lorcaserin Second Study for Obesity Management (BLOSSOM) and BLOOM-Diabetes Mellitus (BLOOM-DM) trials were analysed (n = 5624)...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810972/when-military-fitness-standards-no-longer-apply-the-high-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-recent-air-force-retirees
#15
Marcus M Cranston, Mark W True, Jana L Wardian, Rishawn M Carriere, Tom J Sauerwein
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease. With MetS prevalence rates increasing in the U.S. population, prevention efforts have largely focused on diet and exercise interventions. Before retirement, military service members have met fitness requirements for at least 20 years, and have lower MetS rates compared to age-matched U.S. population controls (23.4% vs. 39.0%), which suggests a protective effect of the lifestyle associated with military service...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810433/ultra-brief-non-expert-delivered-defusion-and-acceptance-exercises-for-food-cravings-a-partial-replication-study
#16
Lee Hulbert-Williams, Nick J Hulbert-Williams, Wendy Nicholls, Sian Williamson, Jivone Poonia, Kevin D Hochard
Food cravings are a common barrier to losing weight. This article presents a randomised comparison of non-expert group-delivered ultra-brief defusion and acceptance interventions against a distraction control. A total of 63 participants were asked to carry a bag of chocolates for a week while trying to resist the temptation to eat them. A behavioural rebound measure was administered. Each intervention out-performed control in respect of consumption, but not cravings. These techniques may have a place in the clinical management of food cravings...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805581/nonmotor-parkinson-s-and-future-directions
#17
Nataliya Titova, K Ray Chaudhuri
Nonmotor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson's disease (PD) are integral to the condition largely regarded as a motor syndrome. A range of NMS underpin the prodromal stage of Parkinson's and are present with variable frequency, range, and nature across the whole journey of a patient with Parkinson's from the onset of the motor disease to palliative stage. These symptoms also are key determinants of quality of life of the patient as well as the carer. Despite this, recognition management and focused treatment of NMS of PD remain poor...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801940/examining-the-association-between-depression-and-obesity-during-a-weight-management-programme
#18
N R Fuller, J Burns, A Sainsbury, S Horsfield, F da Luz, S Zhang, G Denyer, T P Markovic, I D Caterson
The prevalence of depression in those with obesity is reported to be as high as double that in individuals of normal weight. There is potentially a bi-directional relationship between obesity and depression. Some research has suggested that depression results in weight gain and obesity, and other studies have suggested that those with obesity are more likely to develop depression at a later stage. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of depression symptoms with weight change over a 12-month study...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797359/primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular%C3%A2-disease-in-diabetes-mellitus
#19
REVIEW
Jonathan D Newman, Arthur Z Schwartzbard, Howard S Weintraub, Ira J Goldberg, Jeffrey S Berger
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), the most common cause of death in T2D. Yet, <50% of U.S. adults with T2D meet recommended guidelines for CVD prevention. The burden of T2D is increasing: by 2050, approximately 1 in 3 U.S. individuals may have T2D, and patients with T2D will comprise an increasingly large proportion of the CVD population. The authors believe it is imperative that we expand the use of therapies proven to reduce CVD risk in patients with T2D...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762507/increasing-physical-activity-for-veterans-in-the-mental-health-intensive-case-management-program-a-community-based-intervention
#20
S Akeya Harrold, Julian Libet, Charlene Pope, Joy A Lauerer, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), experience increased mortality-20 years greater disparity for men and 15 years greater disparity for women-compared to the general population (Thornicroft G. Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. Br J Psychiatr. 2011;199:441-442). Numerous factors contribute to premature mortality in persons with SMI, including suicide and accidental death (Richardson RC, Faulkner G, McDevitt J, Skrinar GS, Hutchinson D, Piette JD...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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