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Exercise and Weight Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644877/patient-experienced-burden-of-treatment-in-patients-with-multimorbidity-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-data
#1
Michael Rosbach, John Sahl Andersen
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize existing qualitative literature on patient-experienced burden of treatment in multimorbid patients. METHODS: A literature search identified available qualitative studies on the topic of burden of treatment in multimorbidity and meta-ethnography was applied as method. The authors' original findings were preserved, but also synthesized to new interpretations to investigate the concept of the burden of treatment using the Cumulative Complexity Model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642855/knowledge-on-osteoporosis-among-nurses
#2
Chan-Ho Park, Young-Kyun Lee, Kyung-Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: It is crystal clear how important healthcare providers are well-aware of reasonable knowledge on osteoporosis, because they are at the forefront of such management. However, no study has been yet assessed in the knowledge on osteoporosis among healthcare providers particularly in nurse. Therefore, we evaluated the knowledge on osteoporosis of nurses. METHODS: In April 2017, 67 nurses were evaluated using a modified Facts on Osteoporosis Quiz (FOOQ). RESULTS: Although nurses grasped some points of osteoporosis, their knowledge was insufficient concerning effects of weight, physical exercise and calcium intake during adolescence...
May 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636490/creating-inclusive-physical-activity-spaces-the-case-of-body-positive-yoga
#3
Andrew C Pickett, George B Cunningham
PURPOSE: Within the modern cultural climate, those in larger bodies face high levels of weight stigma, particularly in sport and physical activity spaces, which serves as a strong barrier to their participation. However, given the strong link between physical activity and general health and well-being for participants, it is important to explore strategies that encourage participation of these individuals. Thus, the current research examined strategies that physical activity instructors use to develop inclusive exercise spaces for all body sizes...
June 21, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636076/prevalence-and-impact-of-obesity-in-people-with-haemophilia-review-of-literature-and-expert-discussion-around-implementing-weight-management-guidelines
#4
REVIEW
S Kahan, A Cuker, R F Kushner, J Maahs, M Recht, T Wadden, T Willis, S Majumdar, D Ungar, D Cooper
Obesity affects more than 35% of Americans, increasing the risk of more than 200 comorbid conditions, impaired quality of life and premature mortality. This review aimed to summarize literature published over the past 15 years regarding the prevalence and impact of obesity in people with haemophilia (PWH) and to discuss implementing general guidelines for weight management in the context of the haemophilia comprehensive care team. Although few studies have assessed the effects of obesity on haemophilia-specific outcomes, existing evidence indicates an important impact of weight status on lower extremity joint range of motion and functional disability, with potentially important effects on overall quality of life...
June 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635909/-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-concurrent-with-metabolic-syndrome-pathophysiological-and-clinical-features
#5
A V Budnevsky, E S Ovsyannikov, N B Labzhania
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) still remains a serious public health problem, which is a common cause of disability and death in the able-bodied population. Furthermore, the number of patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) is steadily increasing worldwide. Recently, there is also an increase in the number of patients with COPD concurrent with MS, which is a mutually confounding risk factor for concomitant cardiovascular disease and adversely affects prognosis in these patients. Systemic subclinical inflammation is a common link between COPD and the components of MS...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633627/effectiveness-of-a-motivational-intervention-on-overweight-obese-patients-in-the-primary-healthcare-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Juan Jose Rodriguez-Cristobal, Carlos Alonso-Villaverde, Jose Ma Panisello, Pere Travé-Mercade, Francisca Rodriguez-Cortés, Josep Ramon Marsal, Esther Peña
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are common health problems which increase the risk of developing several serious health conditions. The main difficulty in the management of weight-loss lies in its maintenance, once it is achieved. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a motivational intervention, together with current clinical practice, was more efficient than a traditional intervention, in the treatment of overweight and obesity and whether this intervention reduces cardiovascular risk factors associated with overweight and obesity...
June 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#7
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624677/cardiorespiratory-benefits-of-group-exercise-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#8
Gerald J Jerome, Deborah Rohm Young, Arlene T Dalcin, Nae-Yuh Wang, Joseph Gennusa, Stacy Goldsholl, Lawrence J Appel, Gail L Daumit
This study examined cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among adults with serious mental illness (SMI) participating in group exercise classes. Overweight and obese adults with SMI were randomized to either a control condition or a weight management condition with group exercise classes (n = 222). Submaximal bicycle ergometry was used to assess CRF at baseline, 6 and 18 months. Those with ≥ 66% participation in the exercise classes had a lower heart rate response at 6 and 18 month follow-up. Participation in group exercise classes was associated with improved short and long term cardiovascular fitness among adults with SMI...
June 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618860/the-effects-of-the-lactobacillus-casei-strain-on-obesity-in-children-a-pilot-study
#9
S Nagata, Y Chiba, C Wang, Y Yamashiro
There are few data regarding the role of probiotics as a dietary intervention in the management of obesity in children. An open prospective examination was conducted to clarify the effects of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS)-containing beverages in obese children. We compared the intestinal microbiota and organic acid levels between 12 obese (average age, 10.8 years; body mass index (BMI) Z score, 2.7±1.7) and 22 control children(average age, 8.5 years; BMI Z score, 0.1±0.7), and pre- and post-intervention in the obese children...
June 16, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614627/a-randomized-phase-ii-feasibility-trial-of-a-multimodal-intervention-for-the-management-of-cachexia-in-lung-and-pancreatic-cancer
#10
Tora S Solheim, Barry J A Laird, Trude Rakel Balstad, Guro B Stene, Asta Bye, Neil Johns, Caroline H Pettersen, Marie Fallon, Peter Fayers, Kenneth Fearon, Stein Kaasa
BACKGROUND: Cancer cachexia is a syndrome of weight loss (including muscle and fat), anorexia, and decreased physical function. It has been suggested that the optimal treatment for cachexia should be a multimodal intervention. The primary aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and safety of a multimodal intervention (n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid nutritional supplements, exercise, and anti-inflammatory medication: celecoxib) for cancer cachexia in patients with incurable lung or pancreatic cancer, undergoing chemotherapy...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609642/micronutrient-deficiencies-after-bariatric-surgery-an-emphasis-on-vitamins-and-trace-minerals
#11
Jayshil J Patel, Manpreet S Mundi, Ryan T Hurt, Bruce Wolfe, Robert G Martindale
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic with a disproportionate increase in grade III obesity. Bariatric surgery offers an attractive option for sustained weight loss compared with traditional methods such as exercise and diet. Micronutrient deficiencies are common and clinically significant after bariatric surgery. These deficiencies are related to a combination of patient and surgical variables. A thorough understanding of specific micronutrient deficiencies is necessary for early recognition and optimal management...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592704/the-added-value-of-exhaled-breath-temperature-in-respiratory-medicine
#12
Todor A Popov, Tanya Kralimarkova, Marina Labor, Davor Plavec
Recognition of the huge economic burden chronic respiratory diseases pose for society motivated fundamental and clinical research leading to insight into the role of airway inflammation in various disease entities and their phenotypes. However, no easy, cheap and patient-friendly methods to assess it have found a place in routine clinical practice. Measurement of exhaled breath temperature (EBT) has been suggested as a non-invasive method to detect inflammatory processes in the airways as a result of increased blood flow within the airway walls...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591564/effect-of-a-model-consultation-informed-by-guidelines-on-recorded-quality-of-care-of-osteoarthritis-mosaics-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#13
K P Jordan, J J Edwards, M Porcheret, E L Healey, C Jinks, J Bedson, K Clarkson, E M Hay, K S Dziedzic
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a model osteoarthritis (OA) consultation (MOAC) informed by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommendations compared with usual care on recorded quality of care of clinical OA in general practice. DESIGN: Two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Eight general practices in Cheshire, Shropshire, or Staffordshire UK. PARTICIPANTS: General practitioners and nurses with patients consulting with clinical OA...
June 4, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583222/maternal-perception-of-child-overweight-status-and-its-association-with-weight-related-parenting-practices-their-children-s-health-behaviours-and-weight-change-in-china
#14
Jungwon Min, Vivian Hc Wang, Hong Xue, Jie Mi, Youfa Wang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity has increased rapidly in China, but understanding is limited on how parents perceive their child's weight status and how this perception affects weight-related parenting practices. We examined maternal perception of her child's weight status and its association with demographics, subsequent weight-related parenting practices, the child's health behaviours and weight change. Design/Setting/Subjects Maternal perception of child's weight status and health behaviours from the China Health and Nutrition Surveys were assessed at baseline and in follow-up surveys for 816 children aged 6-18 years during 2004-2011...
June 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577705/nonoperative-options-for-management-of-articular-cartilage-disease
#15
REVIEW
Sourav K Poddar, Luke Widstrom
Nonoperative options for articular cartilage injury are pervasive but have not shown to be curative. Recommendations for low-impact exercise and weight loss provide benefit and are a foundation for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Judicious use of NSAIDs and acetaminophen can be appropriate for pain management. Topical NSAIDs may be a treatment option with fewer side effects than its oral counterpart. Additionally, viscosupplementation injections are useful for mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis, whereas short-term pain relief is provided by intra-articular corticosteroid injections...
July 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577395/investigating-the-social-behavioral-dynamics-and-differentiation-of-skill-in-a-martial-arts-technique
#16
Robert R Caron, Charles A Coey, Ashley N Dhaim, R C Schmidt
Coordinating interpersonal motor activity is crucial in martial arts, where managing spatiotemporal parameters is emphasized to produce effective techniques. Modeling arm movements in an Aikido technique as coupled oscillators, we investigated whether more-skilled participants would adapt to the perturbation of weighted arms in different and predictable ways compared to less-skilled participants. Thirty-four participants ranging from complete novice to veterans of more than twenty years were asked to perform an Aikido exercise with a repeated attack and response, resulting in a period of steady-state coordination, followed by a take down...
May 31, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576326/examination-and-physical-therapy-management-of-a-young-gymnast-with-bilateral-wrist-pain-a-case-report
#17
Brenda Boucher, Brandi Smith-Young
BACKGROUND: Wrist pain associated with weight-bearing gymnastic activities may be linked to musculoskeletal impairments, faulty movement patterns, and poor training techniques. Inadequate proximal control may adversely impact the loading mechanics throughout the upper extremities and contribute to a gymnast's complaint of wrist pain. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a young gymnast with primary complaint of bilateral wrist pain associated with upper extremity weight-bearing activities...
March 14, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576270/conservative-management-of-hip-dysplasia
#18
REVIEW
Tisha A M Harper
Hip dysplasia (HD) is a common orthopedic condition seen in small animal patients that leads to osteoarthritis of the coxofemoral joint. The disease can be managed conservatively or surgically. The goals of surgical treatment in the immature patient are to either prevent the clinical signs of HD or to prevent or slow the progression of osteoarthritis. In mature patients surgery is used as a salvage procedure to treat debilitating osteoarthritis. Conservative management can be used in dogs with mild or intermittent clinical signs and includes nutritional management and weight control, exercise modification, physical rehabilitation, pain management and disease-modifying agents...
July 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545937/treatment-of-nafld-with-diet-physical-activity-and-exercise
#19
REVIEW
Manuel Romero-Gómez, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Michael Trenell
Lifestyle intervention can be useful across all the spectrum of NAFLD patients. Losing weight decreases cardiovascular / diabetes risk and also regresses liver disease. Weight reductions of ≥ 10% are required for inducing near universal NASH resolution or fibrosis improvement by at least one stage. However, modest weight losses (>5%) also produce important benefits on NAS and its components. In addition, to improve the success of this intervention we need to explore, beyond total calories and type of weight loss diet, the role of micro and macronutrients, evidence-based benefits of physical activity and exercise and finally supporting these modifications through established behaviour change models and techniques...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544465/correlates-of-nocturia-and-relationships-of-nocturia-with-sleep-quality-and-glycemic-control-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Chun-Jen Chang, Dee Pei, Chien-Chih Wu, Mary H Palmer, Ching-Chieh Su, Shu-Fen Kuo, Yuan-Mei Liao
PURPOSES: To explore correlates of nocturia, compare sleep quality and glycemic control for women with and without nocturia, and examine relationships of nocturia with sleep quality and glycemic control in women with diabetes. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional, correlational study with data collected from 275 women with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify correlates...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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