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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805916/the-reduction-of-starch-in-finishing-diets-supplemented-with-oil-does-not-prevent-the-accumulation-of-trans-10-18-1-in-lamb-meat
#1
M Costa, S P Alves, A Francisco, J Almeida, C M Alfaia, S V Martins, J A M Prates, J Santos-Silva, O Doran, R J B Bessa
The experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the replacement of cereal with low-starch feed ingredients in lambs' finishing diets supplemented with oils could prevent the accumulation of -10-18:1 in meat. Forty lambs were fed 1 of 4 diets supplemented with soybean oil (5.9%) and fish oil (1%) for 6 wk before slaughter. The control (CON) diet contained 43% barley, and in the other diets, barley was completely replaced by dehydrated citrus pulp (DCP), dehydrated sugar beet pulp (DBP), or soybean hulls (SH)...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800772/endurance-training-lowers-ribosome-density-despite-increasing-ribosome-biogenesis-markers-in-rodent-skeletal-muscle
#2
Matthew A Romero, C Brooks Mobley, Melissa A Linden, Grace Margaret-Eleanor Meers, Jeffrey S Martin, Kaelin C Young, R Scott Rector, Michael D Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine if: (a) high sugar/high fat Western diet (WD)-feeding affects skeletal muscle ribosome biogenesis markers in hyperphagic, diabetic-prone Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, and (b) 12 weeks of treadmill training rescued potential detriments that WD feeding exerted on these markers. METHODS: Eight week-old male OLETF rats were fed a low-fat control diet (O-CON, n = 10) or high/sucrose/cholesterol Western diet (WD)...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776604/the-role-of-diet-physical-activity-body-fatness-and-breastfeeding-in-breast-cancer-in-young-women-epidemiological-evidence
#3
I Isabelle Romieu, A Amadou, V Chajes
The incidence of breast cancer (BC) is rising worldwide, with an increase in aggressive neoplasias in young women. Traditionally, BC in young women has been thought to be etiologically driven, primarily by genetic/hereditary factors. However, these factors explain only a small proportion of BCs, pointing to a role of the environment. Suspected factors responsible for this increase include lifestyle changes, notably alcohol consumption, diet with high intake of refined carbohydrates and saturated fat and low intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), fiber and vitamins (such as folate, vitamin D, and carotenoids), low physical activity, and body fatness, all of which may act from childhood and adolescent years through adulthood...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759939/effects-of-a-low-calorie-low-carbohydrate-soy-containing-diet-on-systemic-inflammation-among-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-parallel-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Ali Hashemi Kani, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Peyman Adibi, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Leila Azadbakht
Few studies have focused on the effects of a soy containing diet on inflammation and serum leptin level among patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Therefore, we aimed to determine the effects of such a diet in patients with NAFLD. Forty-five patients with NAFLD participated in this parallel randomized clinical trial for 8 weeks. Patients were randomly allocated to these 3 groups: 1) a low-calorie diet, 2) low-calorie low-carbohydrate diet, and 3) low-calorie low-carbohydrate soy containing diet...
July 31, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755694/better-cold-tolerance-of-bt-resistant-spodoptera-exigua-strain-and-the-corresponding-cold-tolerant-mechanism
#5
Honghua Su, Jincheng Zou, Qiuxia Zhou, Qi Yu, Yong Yang, Yizhong Yang
Spodoptera exigua is a secondary target pest of Bt cotton commercialized in China. With the continuous adoption of Bt cotton, populations of S. exigua have gradually increased. However, the cold tolerance ability of Bt-resistant S. exigua and the effect of continuous Bt diet on anti-cold materials are unknown. In our study, it was found that Bt-resistant S. exigua (Bt10) developed better with shorter larval and pupal duration and higher pupation rate compared to CK at the suboptimal low temperature. The supercooling points and freezing points of the Bt-resistant S...
August 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752053/dietary-sugars-not-lipids-drive-hypothalamic-inflammation
#6
Yuanqing Gao, Maximilian Bielohuby, Thomas Fleming, Gernot F Grabner, Ewout Foppen, Wagner Bernhard, Mara Guzmán-Ruiz, Clarita Layritz, Beata Legutko, Erwin Zinser, Cristina García-Cáceres, Ruud M Buijs, Stephen C Woods, Andries Kalsbeek, Randy J Seeley, Peter P Nawroth, Martin Bidlingmaier, Matthias H Tschöp, Chun-Xia Yi
OBJECTIVE: The hypothalamus of hypercaloric diet-induced obese animals is featured by a significant increase of microglial reactivity and its associated cytokine production. However, the role of dietary components, in particular fat and carbohydrate, with respect to the hypothalamic inflammatory response and the consequent impact on hypothalamic control of energy homeostasis is yet not clear. METHODS: We dissected the different effects of high-carbohydrate high-fat (HCHF) diets and low-carbohydrate high-fat (LCHF) diets on hypothalamic inflammatory responses in neurons and non-neuronal cells and tested the hypothesis that HCHF diets induce hypothalamic inflammation via advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) using mice lacking advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) receptor (RAGE) and/or the activated leukocyte cell-adhesion molecule (ALCAM)...
August 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751464/effects-of-electroacupuncture-stimulation-at-different-spinal-segmental-levels-in-a-rat-model-of-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Huan-Huan Tian, Bing-Yan Cao, Rui Li, Yan-Jia Ma, Xiao-Gang Hu, Ning Jia, Yue-Ying Wang
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with high morbidity, mortality and economic cost. Studies have shown that acupuncture can improve many symptoms of DM. OBJECTIVES: To examine for differences in effects of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation at Weiwanxiashu, BL15 and BL23 in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DM rat model, to help guide clinical selection of acupuncture points. METHODS: 90 male rats weighing 160±5 g were used...
July 27, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731553/trends-in-fluid-consumption-and-beverage-choices-among-adults-reveal-preferences-for-ayran-and-black-tea-in-central-turkey
#8
Reyhan Nergiz-Unal, Emine Akal Yildiz, Gülhan Samur, H Tanju Besler, Neslisşah Rakicioğlu
AIM: Beverages are globally significant sources of water in the diet. There is a lack of knowledge about fluid intake from beverage and water consumption in Turkey. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the type of drinks preferred at meals and snacks as well as the daily fluid, beverage and water intakes based on age and gender. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 3411 randomly chosen adult participants (n = 1522 male, n = 1919 female) representing the general profile of central Turkey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729327/dietary-intake-and-factors-influencing-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-south-asian-men-living-in-the-uk-mixed-method-study
#9
Amir Emadian, Clare Y England, Janice L Thompson
OBJECTIVE: It is widely recognised that South Asian men living in the UK are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) than their white British counterparts. Despite this, limited data have been published quantifying current dietary intake patterns and qualitatively exploring eating behaviours in this population. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess diet, (2) explore perceptions of T2DM, (3) investigate factors influencing eating behaviours in overweight/obese South Asian men and (4) determine the suitability of the UK Diet and Diabetes Questionnaire (UKDDQ) for use in this population...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724910/investigating-glycemic-potential-of-rice-by-unraveling-compositional-variations-in-mature-grain-and-starch-mobilization-patterns-during-seed-germination
#10
Maria Krishna de Guzman, Sabiha Parween, Vito M Butardo, Crisline Mae Alhambra, Roslen Anacleto, Christiane Seiler, Anthony R Bird, Chung-Ping Chow, Nese Sreenivasulu
Rice lines with slower starch digestibility provide opportunities in mitigating the global rise in type II diabetes and related non-communicable diseases. However, screening for low glycemic index (GI) in rice breeding programs is not possible due to time and cost constraints. This study evaluated the feasibility of using in vitro cooked grain amylolysis, starch mobilization patterns during seed germination, and variation in starch structure and composition in the mature seed to differentiate patterns of starch digestibility...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724270/synergistic-effects-of-ad-libitum-low-dose-fructose-drinking-and-low-dose-streptozotocin-treatment-in-wistar-rats-a-mild-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#11
Asie Sadeghi, Maani Beigy, Samira Alizadeh, Hossein Mazloom, Sanaz Vakili, Saideh Ahmadi, Reza Meshkani
To develop a convenient animal model of T2D by pretreatment with low-dose 10% w/v fructose (FRC) solution followed by the injection of low doses of streptozotocin (STZ) in Wistar rats. For this 8-week experimental study; rats were first fed a standard chow ad-libitum diet and either tap water (n=40) or 10% w/v FRC solution (n=40) for 4 weeks. Next, rats in each category were randomly allocated to 4 subgroups (n=10 each) of low-dose STZ (25,35, and 45 mg/kg). The final mean fasting blood sugar (FBG) of FRC+STZ45 (197±55...
May 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718681/partial-substitution-of-glucose-with-xylitol-suppressed-the-glycolysis-and-selectively-inhibited-the-proliferation-of-oral-cancer-cells
#12
Dunyaporn Trachootham, Pimjai Chingsuwanrote, Penkhair Yoosadiang, Duangsamon Mekkriangkrai, Tanapat Ratchawong, Nicha Buraphacheep, Siripa Kijanukul, Sumrit Saekhow, Orawan Pongpitchayadej, Kittituch Vongvachvasin, Paknisa Sittikornpaiboon, Siriporn Tuntipopipat
Suitable diet for cancer survivors remains an unresolved challenge. Increased glucose utilization is a hallmark of various cancers. Therefore, alternative carbohydrate supplying normal tissue but retarding cancer growth is needed. This study investigated the effect of sugar alcohols on the proliferation of oral cancer cells compared to nontransformed cells and explored the mechanism. Six oral squamous cell carcinoma (CAL-27, FaDu, SCC4, SCC9, SCC15, and SCC25) and one nontransformed oral keratinocyte (OKF6/TERT2) lines were cultured in media containing 1 mg/ml glucose and 5...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717381/patterns-and-dynamics-of-neutral-lipid-fatty-acids-in-ants-implications-for-ecological-studies
#13
Félix B Rosumek, Adrian Brückner, Nico Blüthgen, Florian Menzel, Michael Heethoff
BACKGROUND: Trophic interactions are a fundamental aspect of ecosystem functioning, but often difficult to observe directly. Several indirect techniques, such as fatty acid analysis, were developed to assess these interactions. Fatty acid profiles may indicate dietary differences, while individual fatty acids can be used as biomarkers. Ants are among the most important terrestrial animal groups, but little is known about their lipid metabolism, and no study so far used fatty acids to study their trophic ecology...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714425/the-share-of-ultra-processed-foods-determines-the-overall-nutritional-quality-of-diets-in-brazil
#14
Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Camila Zancheta Ricardo, Euridice Martinez Steele, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Geoffrey Cannon, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the dietary share of ultra-processed foods and to determine its association with the overall nutritional quality of diets in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Brazil. SUBJECTS: A representative sample of 32 898 Brazilians aged ≥10 years was studied. Food intake data were collected. We calculated the average dietary content of individual nutrients and compared them across quintiles of energy share of ultra-processed foods...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713285/amiloride-improves-endothelial-function-and-reduces-vascular-stiffness-in-female-mice-fed-a-western-diet
#15
Luis A Martinez-Lemus, Annayya R Aroor, Francisco I Ramirez-Perez, Guanghong Jia, Javad Habibi, Vincent G DeMarco, Brady Barron, Adam Whaley-Connell, Ravi Nistala, James R Sowers
Obese premenopausal women lose their sex related cardiovascular disease protection and develop greater arterial stiffening than age matched men. In female mice, we have shown that consumption of a Western diet (WD), high in fat and refined sugars, is associated with endothelial dysfunction and vascular stiffening, which occur via activation of mineralocorticoid receptors and associated increases in epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) activity on endothelial cells (EnNaC). Herein our aim was to determine the effect that reducing EnNaC activity with a very-low-dose of amiloride would have on decreasing endothelial and arterial stiffness in young female mice consuming a WD...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711416/association-of-carbohydrate-and-fat-intake-with-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Yu-Jin Kwon, Hye-Sun Lee, Ji-Won Lee
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In Asia, dietary pattern has been changed with increased intake of refined carbohydrates, sugar, and saturated fat, while the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is on the rise. However, it remains unclear whether a high-carbohydrate or a high-fat diet is more metabolically harmful, and the optimal amount of carbohydrates and fat has not been determined. The aim of our study was to examine the role of carbohydrate and fat intake in MetS in a Korean population. METHODS: Data were obtained from a large, population-based, cross-sectional study (6737 males and 8845 females)...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710145/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-polyols-on-gastrointestinal-health-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Adrienne Lenhart, William D Chey
Polyols are sugar alcohols found in certain fruits, vegetables, and sugar-free sweeteners. They make up a component of the diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols, which is gaining popularity in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effects of polyols on the gastrointestinal tract in healthy men and women and in patients with IBS. Utilizing PubMed, Ovid, and Embase databases, we conducted a search on individual polyols and each of these terms: fermentation, absorption, motility, permeability, and gastrointestinal symptoms...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708089/effects-of-consuming-xylitol-on-gut-microbiota-and-lipid-metabolism-in-mice
#18
Takashi Uebanso, Saki Kano, Ayumi Yoshimoto, Chisato Naito, Takaaki Shimohata, Kazuaki Mawatari, Akira Takahashi
The sugar alcohol xylitol inhibits the growth of some bacterial species including Streptococcus mutans. It is used as a food additive to prevent caries. We previously showed that 1.5-4.0 g/kg body weight/day xylitol as part of a high-fat diet (HFD) improved lipid metabolism in rats. However, the effects of lower daily doses of dietary xylitol on gut microbiota and lipid metabolism are unclear. We examined the effect of 40 and 200 mg/kg body weight/day xylitol intake on gut microbiota and lipid metabolism in mice...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698480/comparison-of-dietary-intakes-of-7-year-old-children-enrolled-in-observational-birth-cohort-studies-on-the-isle-of-man-and-in-south-west-england
#19
Ellen M Tweney, Pauline M Emmett, Jean Golding, Stephanie Goodfellow, Caroline M Taylor
There is concern regarding the amount of fruit and vegetables consumed and high sugar intakes in children's diets. Regional dietary differences in the British Isles could underlie variations in health outcomes, but little is known about these differences. Our aim was to compare diets of children enrolled in observational birth cohort studies in the Isle of Man (IoM-ELSPAC) and in south-west England (ALSPAC). Dietary intakes were assessed by 3-day food records in IoM and ALSPAC at an age of 7 years. Comparisons of mean daily nutrient, and food and food group intakes were made between the studies and with UK national dietary guidelines...
July 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698350/efficacy-of-nanocurcumin-supplementation-on-insulin-resistance-lipids-inflammatory-factors-and-nesfatin-among-obese-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-a-trial-protocol
#20
Seyed Ali Jazayeri-Tehrani, Seyed Mahdi Rezayat, Siavash Mansouri, Mostafa Qorbani, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Milad Daneshi-Maskooni, Mohammad-Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar
OBJECTIVES: Different studies have been conducted on the role of curcumin in health since having multiple properties, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Due to the lack of studies regarding curcumin effects on obese patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), our protocol was designed to assess nanocurcumin impacts on blood sugar, lipids, inflammatory indices, insulin resistance and liver function, especially by nesfatin. SETTING: This trial will be conducted in the Oil Company central hospital of Tehran, Iran with a primary level of care...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
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