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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152245/metabolic-syndrome-and-inflammation-in-adipose-tissue-occur-at-different-times-in-animals-submitted-to-a-high-sugar-fat-diet
#1
Fabiane Valentini Francisqueti, André Ferreira Nascimento, Igor Otávio Minatel, Marcos Correa Dias, Renata de Azevedo Melo Luvizotto, Carolina Berchieri-Ronchi, Ana Lúcia A Ferreira, Camila Renata Corrêa
Obesity is associated with low-grade inflammation, triggered in adipose tissue, which may occur due to an excess of SFA from the diet that can be recognised by Toll-like receptor-4. This condition is involved in the development of components of the metabolic syndrome associated with obesity, especially insulin resistance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the manifestation of the metabolic syndrome and adipose tissue inflammation as a function of the period of time in which rats were submitted to a high-sugar/fat diet (HSF)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150284/the-displacing-foods-of-modern-commerce-are-the-primary-and-proximate-cause-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-unifying-singular-hypothesis
#2
Chris A Knobbe, Marija Stojanoska
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss and blindness in developed nations. AMD is anticipated to affect 196 million people worldwide, by 2020. However, the etiology of this disease remains unknown. Aging, genetic, and environmental influences have generally been implicated as major etiologic factors. We sought to examine the hypothesis that consumption of the 'displacing foods of modern commerce,' which equate to processed, nutrient-deficient and potentially toxic foods, may be the primary and proximate cause of AMD...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140275/old-fashioned-vs-ultra-processed-based-current-diets-possible-implication-in-the-increased-susceptibility-to-type-1-diabetes-and-celiac-disease-in-childhood
#3
REVIEW
Sandra V Aguayo-Patrón, Ana M Calderón de la Barca
Ultra-processed foods are ready-to-heat and ready-to-eat products created to replace traditional homemade meals and dishes due to convenience and accessibility. Because of their low-fiber and high-fat and sugar composition, these foodstuffs could induce a negative impact on health. They are partially responsible for obesity and chronic non-transmissible diseases; additionally, they could impact in the prevalence of autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and celiac disease. The rationale is that the nutritional composition of ultra-processed foodstuffs can induce gut dysbiosis, promoting a pro-inflammatory response and consequently, a "leaky gut"...
November 15, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130068/diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-in-primary-care-patients-with-recent-intentional-weight-loss
#4
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Dana Tudorascu, Cindy L Bryce, Diane Comer, Gary S Fischer, Rachel Hess, Kimberly A Huber, Kathleen M McTigue, Laurey R Simkin-Silverman, Molly B Conroy
Purpose: Lifestyle habits of primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss are unclear and need to be better understood to aid in translational health promotion efforts. We aimed to characterize diet and exercise habits in primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss, comparing those with greater (≥10%) vs. lesser (5 to <10%) weight loss. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized trial comparing weight loss maintenance interventions...
2017: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112780/associations-of-lifestyle-factors-with-serum-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-concentration-in-prepubertal-children
#5
Aino Mäntyselkä, Jarmo Jääskeläinen, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Juuso Väistö, Raimo Voutilainen, Ken Ong, Soren Brage, Timo A Lakka, Virpi Lindi
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the relationships of dietary factors, physical activity, and sedentary behavior to dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) concentrations among prepubertal children. Therefore, we studied the associations of these lifestyle factors with serum DHEAS and IGF-1 in children. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Cross-sectional analysis of a population sample of 431 prepubertal children aged 6-9 years. MEASUREMENTS: Assessment of dietary factors by food records and physical activity and sedentary behavior by a combined heart rate and movement monitor and a questionnaire...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107872/inflammation-and-gut-brain-axis-link-obesity-to-cognitive-dysfunction-plausible-pharmacological-interventions
#6
REVIEW
Maite Solas, Fermin I Milagro, María J Ramírez, J Alfredo Martínez
Obesity prevalence is increasing steadily throughout the world's population in most countries and in parallel the prevalence of metabolic disorders including cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes is also rising, but less is reported about excessive adiposity relationship with poorer cognitive performance, cognitive decline and dementia. Some human clinical studies have evidenced that obesity is related to the risk of the development of mild cognitive impairment, in the form of short-term memory and executive function deficits, as well as dementia and Alzheimer's disease...
November 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102534/food-and-beverage-consumption-and-food-addiction-among-women-in-the-nurses-health-studies
#7
Adina R Lemeshow, Eric B Rimm, Deborah S Hasin, Ashley N Gearhardt, Alan J Flint, Alison E Field, Jeanine M Genkinger
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have not addressed a fundamental component of a food addiction disorder: the compulsive relationship between eating and potentially positively reinforcing foods. We aimed to evaluate the association between food consumption and food addiction. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses merging data from the Nurses' Health Study (n = 58,625) and Nurses' Health Study II (n = 65,063), two prospective cohort studies of female nurses in the United States...
November 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072154/where-are-the-low-calorie-sweeteners-an-analysis-of-the-presence-and-types-of-low-calorie-sweeteners-in-packaged-foods-sold-in-brazil-from-food-labelling
#8
Luiza Dos Santos Figueiredo, Tailane Scapin, Ana Carolina Fernandes, Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proença
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) may be associated with harmful health effects. The current study investigated the presence and types of LCS added to packaged foods. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study analysing the presence and types of LCS in the ingredients lists of packaged foods sold at a major Brazilian supermarket. To identify types of LCS allowed for use in foods in Brazil, current legislation was consulted. Data were organised and analysed through descriptive statistics, presenting simple and relative frequencies of LCS presence categorised by food group...
October 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071974/-effect-of-spleen-stomach-harmonizing-needling-on-insulin-resistance-and-expression-of-insulin-receptor-substrate-1-2-and-glucose-transporter-4-in-insulin-resistance-type-2-diabetes-rats
#9
Hong Chen, Zhi-Long Zhang, Xu Wang, Yuan-Qing Yang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of manual acupuncture stimulation of "Quchi" (LI 11), "Hegu" (LI 4), "Zusanli" (ST 36), etc. with "spleen-stomach harmonizing" technique on insulin resistance index (ISI) and the expression of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), IRS-2 (two upstream key proteins) and glucose transporter-4 (GluT-4, downstream key protein) of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3 K)/Akt signaling pathway in insulin resistance type 2 diabetes (IRT 2 D) rats, so as to explore its mechanism underling improvement of type 2 diabetes...
June 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064442/enhanced-glucose-uptake-in-human-liver-cells-and-inhibition-of-carbohydrate-hydrolyzing-enzymes-by-nordic-berry-extracts
#10
Giang Thanh Thi Ho, Thi Kim Yen Nguyen, Eili Tranheim Kase, Margey Tadesse, Hilde Barsett, Helle Wangensteen
A Western lifestyle with low physical activity and a diet rich in sugar, fat and processed food contribute to higher incidences of diabetes and obesity. Enhanced glucose uptake in human liver cells was observed after treatment with phenolic extracts from different Nordic berries. All berry extracts showed higher inhibition against α-amylase and α-glucosidase than the anti-diabetic agent acarbose. Total phenolic content and phenolic profiles in addition to antioxidant activities, were also investigated. The berries were extracted with 80% methanol on an accelerated solvent extraction system (ASE) and then purified by C-18 solid phase extraction (SPE)...
October 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053604/nutritional-and-acquired-deficiencies-in-inositol-bioavailability-correlations-with-metabolic-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Simona Dinicola, Mirko Minini, Vittorio Unfer, Roberto Verna, Alessandra Cucina, Mariano Bizzarri
Communities eating a western-like diet, rich in fat, sugar and significantly deprived of fibers, share a relevant increased risk of both metabolic and cancerous diseases. Even more remarkable is that a low-fiber diet lacks some key components-as phytates and inositols-for which a mechanistic link has been clearly established in the pathogenesis of both cancer and metabolic illness. Reduced bioavailability of inositol in living organisms could arise from reduced food supply or from metabolism deregulation. Inositol deregulation has been found in a number of conditions mechanistically and epidemiologically associated to high-glucose diets or altered glucose metabolism...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043354/lipidomic-profiles-of-drosophila-melanogaster-and-cactophilic-fly-species-models-of-human-metabolic-diseases
#12
Daniel Cázarez-García, Mariana Ramírez Loustalot-Laclette, Therese Ann Markow, Robert Winkler
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with serious diseases and represents an important threat for global public health. The common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) has served as a model organism to study physiological processes of the MetS, because central metabolic pathways are conserved among species, and because the flies are easy to cultivate in a laboratory. In nature, D. melanogaster is a fruit generalist, feeding on diets rich in simple carbohydrates. Other Drosophilids, however, have specialized on distinct resources...
November 13, 2017: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021286/pomegranate-juice-but-not-an-extract-confers-a-lower-glycemic-response-on-a-high-glycemic-index-food-randomized-crossover-controlled-trials-in-healthy-subjects
#13
Asimina Kerimi, Hilda Nyambe-Silavwe, Julia S Gauer, Francisco A Tomás-Barberán, Gary Williamson
Background: Low-glycemic index diets have demonstrated health benefits associated with a reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes.Objectives: We tested whether pomegranate polyphenols could lower the glycemic response of a high-glycemic index food when consumed together and the mechanism by which this might occur.Design: We compared the acute effect of a pomegranate juice and a polyphenol-rich extract from pomegranate (supplement) on the bread-derived postprandial blood glucose concentration in 2 randomized, crossover, controlled studies (double-blinded for the supplements), each on 16 healthy volunteers...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994511/relationships-of-family-conflict-cohesion-and-chaos-in-the-home-environment-on-maternal-and-child-food-related-behaviours
#14
Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Virginia Quick, Man Zhang, Yanhong Jin, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
This study examined how food-related behaviours differed in mothers and their preschool children by levels of family functioning (cohesion and conflict) and household disorganization (chaos). A nationally representative sample of mothers of preschoolers completed an online survey assessing food-related behaviours of themselves and their children. Maternal and child diet, eating behaviours, and health status; household availability of fruits/vegetables, salty/fatty snacks, and sugar-sweetened beverages; family mealtime atmosphere; and family conflict, cohesion, and household chaos were assessed with valid, reliable scales...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989572/effects-of-ingredients-of-korean-brown-rice-cookies-on-attenuation-of-cholesterol-level-and-oxidative-stress-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#15
Sun Hee Hong, Mijeong Kim, Minji Woo, Yeong Ok Song
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Owing to health concerns related to the consumption of traditional snacks high in sugars and fats, much effort has been made to develop functional snacks with low calorie content. In this study, a new recipe for Korean rice cookie, dasik, was developed and its antioxidative, lipid-lowering, and anti-inflammatory effects and related mechanisms were elucidated. The effects were compared with those of traditional rice cake dasik (RCD), the lipid-lowering effect of which is greater than that of traditional western-style cookies...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988839/trends-in-fast-food-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-and-their-association-with-social-environmental-status-in-south-korea
#16
Hyunjung Lim, Hae Jeoung Lee, Ryowon Choue, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: As South Korea has enjoyed rapid economic development, Koreans' diet, particularly consumption of fast food (FF) and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), has changed. OBJECTIVE: To examine time trends in FF and SSB consumption and their associations with social environmental status (SEnS) in South Korea. DESIGN: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) were a series of population-based cross-sectional surveys...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988760/the-effects-of-overnight-nutrient-intake-on-hypothalamic-inflammation-in-a-free-choice-diet-induced-obesity-rat-model
#17
Evita Belegri, Leslie Eggels, Unga A Unmehopa, Joram D Mul, Anita Boelen, Susanne E la Fleur
Consumption of fat and sugar induces hyperphagia and increases the prevalence of obesity and diabetes type 2. Low-grade inflammation in the hypothalamus, a key brain area involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis is shown to blunt signals of satiety after long term high fat diet. The fact that this mechanism can be activated after a few days of hyperphagia before apparent obesity is present led to our hypothesis that hypothalamic inflammation is induced with fat and sugar consumption. Here, we used a free-choice high-fat high-sugar (fcHFHS) diet-induced obesity model and tested the effects of differential overnight nutrient intake during the final experimental night on markers of hypothalamic inflammation...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976929/simple-vs-complex-carbohydrate-dietary-patterns-and-the-global-overweight-and-obesity-pandemic
#18
Fabrizio Ferretti, Michele Mariani
Nowadays, obesity and being overweight are among the major global health concerns. Many, diet-related diseases impose high tangible and intangible costs, and threaten the sustainability of health-care systems worldwide. In this study, we model, at the macroeconomic level, the impact of energy intake from different types of carbohydrates on the population's BMI (body mass index). We proceed in three steps. First, we develop a framework to analyse both the consumption choices between simple and complex carbohydrates and the effects of these choices on people health conditions...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972610/fat-1-mice-prevent-high-fat-plus-high-sugar-diet-induced-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#19
Xiao-Fei Guo, Jin-Long Gao, Jiao-Mei Li, Duo Li
High-fat and high-sugar (HFS) diets have been suggested to play a causal role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aimed to investigate whether fat-1 transgenic mice with a higher tissue content of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) could prevent HFS diet-induced NAFLD, compared with wild-type mice. The fat-1 and wild-type littermates had free access to a 15% fructose solution plus high-fat diet, a 15% glucose solution plus high-fat diet, or a 15% sucrose solution plus high-fat diet, respectively...
October 3, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966049/child-feeding-style-and-dietary-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-latino-farmworker-families
#20
Edward H Ip, Sarah A Marshall, Thomas A Arcury, Cynthia K Suerken, Grisel Trejo, Joseph A Skelton, Sara A Quandt
BACKGROUND: The high level of obesity in Latino children, especially in farmworker families, may be partly attributed to feeding styles of parents. Feeding styles used in Latino farmworker families have not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to identify and describe feeding styles used by mothers in farmworker families with 2.5- to 3.5-year-old children, describe how styles change over time, and characterize the relationship of feeding styles to dietary outcomes and measures of overweight and obesity...
September 29, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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