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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933093/-effect-of-protein-intervention-on-amino-acid-metabolism-spectrum-of-qi-and-yin-deficiency-type-2-diabetic-rats
#1
Li-Na Ma, Xin-Min Mao, Xiao-Li Ma, Lin-Lin Li, Ye Wang, Yi-Cun Tao, Jing-Wei Wang, Jia-Jia Guo, Yi Lan
To study the effect of plant protein and animal protein on amino acid metabolism spectrum of Qi and Yin deficiency type 2 diabetic rats. 110 male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group (n=10), diabetic model group (n=20), disease-symptoms group (n=80). The rats of blank group received ordinary feeding, while other groups were fed with high sugar and fat diets. During the whole process of feeding, rats of disease-symptoms group were given with Qingpi-Fuzi (15.75 g•kg⁻¹) once a day through oral administration...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931586/urinary-excretion-of-sodium-nitrogen-and-sugar-amounts-are-valid-biomarkers-of-dietary-sodium-protein-and-high-sugar-intake-in-nonobese-adolescents
#2
Lori B Moore, Sarah V Liu, Tanya M Halliday, Andrew P Neilson, Valisa E Hedrick, Brenda M Davy
Background: Objective indicators of dietary intake (e.g., biomarkers) are needed to overcome the limitations of self-reported dietary intake assessment methods in adolescents. To our knowledge, no controlled feeding studies to date have evaluated the validity of urinary sodium, nitrogen, or sugar excretion as dietary biomarkers in adolescents.Objective: This investigation aimed to evaluate the validity of urinary sodium, nitrogen, and total sugars (TS) excretion as biomarkers for sodium, protein, and added sugars (AS) intake in nonobese adolescents...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923880/impact-of-liver-fat-on-the-differential-partitioning-of-hepatic-triacylglycerol-into-vldl-subclasses-on-high-and-low-sugar-diets
#3
A Margot Umpleby, Fariba Shojaee-Moradie, Barbara Fielding, Xuefei Li, Andrea Marino, Najlaa Alsini, Cheryl Isherwood, Nicola Jackson, Aryati Ahmad, Michael Stolinski, Julie Anne Lovegrove, Sigurd Johnsen, Jeewaka Mendis, John Wright, Malgorzata E Wilinska, Roman Hovorka, Jimmy Bell, Louise E Thomas, Gary Frost, Bruce Arthur Griffin
Dietary sugars are linked to the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and dyslipidaemia, but it is unknown if NAFLD itself influences the effects of sugars on plasma lipoproteins. To study this further, men with NAFLD (n=11) and low liver fat 'controls' (n= 14) were fed two iso-energetic diets, high or low in sugars (26% or 6% total energy) for 12 weeks, in a randomised, cross-over design. Fasting plasma lipid and lipoprotein kinetics were measured after each diet by stable isotope trace-labelling...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917230/energy-restriction-combined-with-green-coffee-bean-extract-affects-serum-adipocytokines-and-the-body-composition-in-obese-women
#4
Fatemeh Haidari, Mehnoosh Samadi, Majid Mohammadshahi, Mohammad Taha Jalali, Kambiz Ahmadi Engali
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a public health problem and is a cause of some preventable illnesses. Among several methods for treating obesity, the use of food supplements is highly common. A commonly used food supplement is green coffee bean extract. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of green coffee bean extract combined with an energy-restricted diet on the body composition and serum adipocytokines in obese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this randomised clinical trial, 64 obese women aged 20-45 years were selected and divided into two groups: an intervention group (receiving 400 mg green coffee bean extract for 8 weeks) and control group (receiving placebo)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916403/a-case-of-severe-acquired-hypertriglyceridemia-in-a-7-year-old-girl
#5
Jessica S Lilley, MacRae F Linton, Jennifer C Kelley, T Brent Graham, Sergio Fazio, Hagai Tavori
We report a case of severe type I hyperlipoproteinemia caused by autoimmunity against lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in the context of presymptomatic Sjögren's syndrome. A 7-year-old mixed race (Caucasian/African American) girl was admitted to the intensive care unit at Vanderbilt Children's Hospital with acute pancreatitis and shock. She was previously healthy aside from asthma and history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Admission triglycerides (TGs) were 2191 mg/dL but returned to normal during the hospital stay and in the absence of food intake...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910246/waiting-room-time-an-opportunity-for-parental-oral-health-education
#6
Randa Soussou, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Rosamund Harrison
OBJECTIVES: The UBC Children's Dental Program (CDP) has provided free dental treatments to underserved low-income children, but its preventive component needs to be enhanced. The study aims were: 1) to develop a "waiting-room based" dental education program engaging caregivers of these children, and 2) to assess the program's feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness. METHODS: In preparation, a situational analysis (SA) included structured interviews with caregivers, and with various stakeholders (e...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904060/early-exposure-to-a-high-fat-high-sugar-diet-increases-the-mammary-stem-cell-compartment-and-mammary-tumor-risk-in-female-mice
#7
Isabel U Lambertz, Linjie Luo, Thomas R Berton, Scott L Schwartz, Stephen D Hursting, Claudio J Conti, Robin Fuchs-Young
Obesity and alterations in metabolic programming from early diet exposures can affect the propensity to disease in later life. Through dietary manipulation, developing mouse pups were exposed to a hyperinsulinemic, hyperglycemic milieu during three developmental phases: gestation, lactation and post-weaning. Analyses showed that a post-weaning high fat/high sugar (HF/HS) diet had the main negative effect on adult body weight, glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. However, dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced carcinogenesis revealed that animals born to a mother fed a HF/HS gestation diet, nursed by a mother on a mildly diet-restricted, low fat/low sugar diet (DR) and weaned onto a HF/HS diet (HF/DR/HF) had the highest mammary tumor incidence, while HF/HF/DR had the lowest tumor incidence...
September 13, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903112/savoring-sweet-sugars-in-infant-and-toddler-feeding
#8
Robert D Murray
During the first years of life, the sweetness of sugars has a capacity to hinder or to help in laying a strong nutritional foundation for food preferences that often extend over a lifetime. Aside from supplying 4 g/kcal of energy, sugars are non-nutritive. However, sugars have a powerful attribute, sweetness, which strongly influences human food preference. A child's first relationship with sweet taste begins even before birth and continues to evolve throughout complementary feeding. The sweetness of breastmilk encourages consumption and soothes the neonate...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902316/dietary-intake-and-adequacy-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-mexican-older-adults-results-from-two-national-health-and-nutrition-surveys
#9
Vanessa De la Cruz-Góngora, Brenda Martínez-Tapia, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Mario Flores-Aldana, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Objective: To describe energy and nutrient intakes and their adequacies in older Mexican adults participating in the National Health and Nutrition Survey (Ensanut) 2006 and 2012. Materials and methods: Dietary information was obtained through a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) from 526 adults 60 y and older participating in Ensanut 2012 and 3 326 in Ensanut 2006 in Mexico. Quantile and logistic regression models were used to obtain medians and marginal effects of each nutrient, adjusting by confounders and survey design...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898509/what-do-we-know-about-the-diets-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-peoples-in-australia-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Sarah Whalan, Sara Farnbach, Lena Volk, Josephine Gwynn, Mark Lock, Kathy Trieu, Julie Brimblecombe, Jacqui Webster
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of published research on the dietary intake of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. METHODS: Peer-reviewed literature from 1990 to October 2016 was searched to identify studies that measured the dietary intake of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Study quality was assessed using a purposely devised quality appraisal tool. Meta-analysis was not possible due to the heterogeneity in dietary intake assessment methods...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879831/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-for-swedish-adults-across-categories-of-greenhouse-gas-emissions-from-food
#11
Camilla Sjörs, Fredrik Hedenus, Arvid Sjölander, Annika Tillander, Katarina Bälter
OBJECTIVE: To explore associations between diet-related greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE), nutrient intakes and adherence to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations among Swedish adults. DESIGN: Diet was assessed by 4d food records in the Swedish National Dietary Survey. GHGE was estimated by linking all foods to carbon dioxide equivalents, using data from life cycle assessment studies. Participants were categorized into quartiles of energy-adjusted GHGE and differences between GHGE groups regarding nutrient intakes and adherence to nutrient recommendations were explored...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879820/effects-of-the-healthy-start-randomized-intervention-on-dietary-intake-among-obesity-prone-normal-weight-children
#12
Jeanett F Rohde, Sofus C Larsen, Lars Ängquist, Nanna J Olsen, Maria Stougaard, Erik L Mortensen, Berit L Heitmann
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of a 15-month intervention on dietary intake conducted among obesity-prone normal-weight pre-school children. DESIGN: Information on dietary intake was obtained using a 4 d diet record. A diet quality index was adapted to assess how well children's diet complied with the Danish national guidelines. Linear regression per protocol and intention-to-treat analyses of differences in intakes of energy, macronutrients, fruit, vegetables, fish, sugar-sweetened beverages and diet quality index between the two groups were conducted...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856164/the-relationship-between-clinical-parameters-and-lifestyle-variables-among-patients-with-severity-of-coronary-artery-stenosis-a-cross-sectional-analysis-based-on-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-stenosis
#13
Hossein Mohseni Pouya, Sima Esmaeili Shahmirzadi, Khadijeh Hajimiri, Fereshteh Majlessi, Mohsen Bagheri
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death all over the world. Lifestyle can have an important role not only in reducing risk factors but also in the prevention and treatment of coronary heart diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between clinical parameters and various aspects of patients' lifestyles according to the severity of their coronary artery stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a descriptive, analytic study carried out on 220 patients undergoing coronary angiography at Mazandaran Heart Center...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838765/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-incidence-of-nephrolithiasis-in-the-seguimiento-universidad-de-navarra-follow-up-sun-cohort
#14
Alessandro Leone, Alejandro Fernández-Montero, Carmen de la Fuente-Arrillaga, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Simona Bertoli, Alberto Battezzati, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
BACKGROUND: Diet plays an important role in the pathogenesis of nephrolithiasis. Limited data are available to investigate the association between a Mediterranean dietary pattern and risk for nephrolithiasis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 16,094 men and women without a history of nephrolithiasis who participated in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Follow-up (SUN) Project. PREDICTORS: A validated 136-item food frequency questionnaire was used to assess baseline adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern that is high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, fish, and legumes, but moderate in alcohol and low in meats, saturated fats, and sugars...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837090/a-vote-for-school-lunches-school-lunches-provide-superior-nutrient-quality-than-lunches-obtained-from-other-sources-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-children
#15
Jacqueline A Vernarelli, Brady O'Brien
Childhood obesity is an ongoing public health program. As such, a major public health research objective is to identify potential targets for intervention; one such area is school lunches (SL). The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) serves over 31 million children each day; the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is uniquely positioned to allow researchers to assess diet quality in federal nutrition assistance programs. The objective of the study was to investigate whether lunches provided by schools provide different nutritional value than lunches obtained elsewhere...
August 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832647/transcriptional-responses-of-ecologically-diverse-drosophila-species-to-larval-diets-differing-in-relative-sugar-and-protein-ratios
#16
Nestor O Nazario-Yepiz, Mariana Ramirez Loustalot-Laclette, Javier Carpinteyro-Ponce, Cei Abreu-Goodger, Therese Ann Markow
We utilized three ecologically diverse Drosophila species to explore the influence of ecological adaptation on transcriptomic responses to isocaloric diets differing in their relative proportions of protein to sugar. Drosophila melanogaster, a cosmopolitan species that breeds in decaying fruit, exemplifies individuals long exposed to a Western diet higher in sugar, while the natural diet of the cactophilic D. mojavensis, is much lower in carbohydrates. Drosophila arizonae, the sister species of D. mojavensis, is largely cactophilic, but also utilizes rotting fruits that are higher in sugars than cacti...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820080/diet-quality-and-its-implications-on-the-cardio-metabolic-physical-and-general-health-of-older-men-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project-champ
#17
Rosilene V Ribeiro, Vasant Hirani, Alistair M Senior, Alison K Gosby, Robert G Cumming, Fiona M Blyth, Vasi Naganathan, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Hal Kendig, Markus J Seibel, Stephen J Simpson, Fiona Stanaway, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, David G Le Couteur
The revised Dietary Guideline Index (DGI-2013) scores individuals' diets according to their compliance with the Australian Dietary Guideline (ADG). This cross-sectional study assesses the diet quality of 794 community-dwelling men aged 74 years and older, living in Sydney, Australia participating in the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project; it also examines sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with DGI-2013 scores; it studies associations between DGI-2103 scores and the following measures: homoeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, TAG, blood pressure, waist:hip ratio, BMI, number of co-morbidities and medications and frailty status while also accounting for the effect of ethnicity in these relationships...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805916/the-reduction-of-starch-in-finishing-diets-supplemented-with-oil-does-not-prevent-the-accumulation-of-trans-10-18-1-in-lamb-meat
#18
M Costa, S P Alves, A Francisco, J Almeida, C M Alfaia, S V Martins, J A M Prates, J Santos-Silva, O Doran, R J B Bessa
The experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the replacement of cereal with low-starch feed ingredients in lambs' finishing diets supplemented with oils could prevent the accumulation of -10-18:1 in meat. Forty lambs were fed 1 of 4 diets supplemented with soybean oil (5.9%) and fish oil (1%) for 6 wk before slaughter. The control (CON) diet contained 43% barley, and in the other diets, barley was completely replaced by dehydrated citrus pulp (DCP), dehydrated sugar beet pulp (DBP), or soybean hulls (SH)...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800772/endurance-training-lowers-ribosome-density-despite-increasing-ribosome-biogenesis-markers-in-rodent-skeletal-muscle
#19
Matthew A Romero, C Brooks Mobley, Melissa A Linden, Grace Margaret-Eleanor Meers, Jeffrey S Martin, Kaelin C Young, R Scott Rector, Michael D Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine if: (a) high sugar/high fat Western diet (WD)-feeding affects skeletal muscle ribosome biogenesis markers in hyperphagic, diabetic-prone Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, and (b) 12 weeks of treadmill training rescued potential detriments that WD feeding exerted on these markers. METHODS: Eight week-old male OLETF rats were fed a low-fat control diet (O-CON, n = 10) or high/sucrose/cholesterol Western diet (WD)...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776604/the-role-of-diet-physical-activity-body-fatness-and-breastfeeding-in-breast-cancer-in-young-women-epidemiological-evidence
#20
I Isabelle Romieu, A Amadou, V Chajes
The incidence of breast cancer (BC) is rising worldwide, with an increase in aggressive neoplasias in young women. Traditionally, BC in young women has been thought to be etiologically driven, primarily by genetic/hereditary factors. However, these factors explain only a small proportion of BCs, pointing to a role of the environment. Suspected factors responsible for this increase include lifestyle changes, notably alcohol consumption, diet with high intake of refined carbohydrates and saturated fat and low intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), fiber and vitamins (such as folate, vitamin D, and carotenoids), low physical activity, and body fatness, all of which may act from childhood and adolescent years through adulthood...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
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