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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345493/genetic-risk-scores-sex-and-dietary-factors-interact-to-alter-serum-uric-acid-trajectory-among-african-american-urban-adults
#1
May A Beydoun, Jose-Atilio Canas, Marie T Fanelli-Kuczmarski, Salman M Tajuddin, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
Serum uric acid (SUA), a causative agent for gout among others, is affected by both genetic and dietary factors, perhaps differentially by sex. We evaluated cross-sectional (SUAbase) and longitudinal (SUArate) associations of SUA with a genetic risk score (GRS), diet and sex. We then tested the interactive effect of GRS, diet and sex on SUA. Longitudinal data on 766 African-American urban adults participating in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhood of Diversity across the Lifespan study were used. In all, three GRS for SUA were created from known SUA-associated SNP (GRSbase (n 12 SNP), GRSrate (n 3 SNP) and GRStotal (n 15 SNP))...
March 27, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342607/meta-analysis-of-effects-of-inoculation-with-homofermentative-and-facultative-heterofermentative-lactic-acid-bacteria-on-silage-fermentation-aerobic-stability-and-the-performance-of-dairy-cows
#2
André S Oliveira, Zwi G Weinberg, Ibukun M Ogunade, Andres A P Cervantes, Kathy G Arriola, Yun Jiang, Donghyeon Kim, Xujiao Li, Mariana C M Gonçalves, Diwakar Vyas, Adegbola T Adesogan
Forages are usually inoculated with homofermentative and facultative heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to enhance lactic acid fermentation of forages, but effects of such inoculants on silage quality and the performance of dairy cows are unclear. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to examine the effects of LAB inoculation on silage quality and preservation and the performance of dairy cows. A second objective was to examine the factors affecting the response to silage inoculation with LAB. The studies that met the selection criteria included 130 articles that examined the effects of LAB inoculation on silage quality and 31 articles that investigated dairy cow performance responses...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341459/does-where-you-shop-or-who-you-are-predict-what-you-eat-the-role-of-stores-and-individual-characteristics-in-dietary-intake
#3
Christine A Vaughan, Rebecca Collins, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Tamara Dubowitz
Interventions to address diet, a modifiable risk factor for diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease, have increasingly emphasized the influence of the physical environment on diet, while more traditional approaches have focused on individual characteristics. We examined environmental and individual influences on diet to understand the role of both. Household interviews were conducted in 2011 with 1372 individuals randomly selected from two low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in Pittsburgh, PA...
March 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340627/the-contribution-of-dietary-restriction-to-extended-longevity-in-the-malaria-vector-anopheles-coluzzii
#4
Roy Faiman, Samantha Solon-Biet, Margery Sullivan, Diana L Huestis, Tovi Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Variation in longevity has long been of interest in vector biology because of its implication in disease transmission through vectorial capacity. Recent studies suggest that Anopheles coluzzii adults persist during the ~7 month dry season via aestivation. Recently there has been a growing body of evidence linking dietary restriction and low ratio of dietary protein to carbohydrate with extended longevity of animals. Here, we evaluated the effects of dietary restriction and the protein : carbohydrate ratio on longevity of An...
March 24, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340555/rna-seq-transcriptomics-and-pathway-analyses-reveal-potential-regulatory-genes-and-molecular-mechanisms-in-high-and-low-residual-feed-intake-in-nordic-dairy-cattle
#5
M S Salleh, G Mazzoni, J K Höglund, D W Olijhoek, P Lund, P Løvendahl, H N Kadarmideen
BACKGROUND: The selective breeding of cattle with high-feed efficiencies (FE) is an important goal of beef and dairy cattle producers. Global gene expression patterns in relevant tissues can be used to study the functions of genes that are potentially involved in regulating FE. In the present study, high-throughput RNA sequencing data of liver biopsies from 19 dairy cows were used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between high- and low-FE groups of cows (based on Residual Feed Intake or RFI)...
March 24, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335441/dietary-intake-of-individual-free-and-intrinsic-sugars-and-food-sources-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#6
Emma Ruiz, Paula Rodriguez, Teresa Valero, José M Ávila, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
The consumption of total and individual sugars is controversial and little is known about consumption and dietary sources in Spain. The purpose was to examine free and intrinsic sugar intake and food and beverage sources. The ANIBES Study (Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 years old; n = 2009) carried out in 2013, was used. Food and beverage records were obtained by a three-day dietary record by using a tablet device...
March 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333357/dietary-patterns-foods-and-nutrients-in-male-fertility-parameters-and-fecundability-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#7
Albert Salas-Huetos, Mònica Bulló, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a global public health issue, affecting 15% of all couples of reproductive age. Male factors, including decreased semen quality, are responsible for ~25% of these cases. The dietary pattern, the components of the diet and nutrients have been studied as possible determinants of sperm function and/or fertility. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: Previous systematic reviews have been made of the few heterogeneous low-quality randomized clinical trials (RCTs) conducted in small samples of participants and investigating the effect of specific nutrients and nutritional supplements on male infertility...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325079/dietary-guidelines-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#8
Colin W Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Masaharu Kagawa, Wah Yun Low, Qiu Liqian, Georgia S Guldan, Tomiko Hokama, Keiko Nanishi, Sreymom Oy, Li Tang, Alfred Zerfas
Nutrition is a major determinant of health throughout all stages of life and together with smoking is the most important risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the Asia Pacific Region. The workshop participants examined Dietary Guidelines and Food Guides that are in use in our region, together with additional materials from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Cancer Research Foundation. The resulting set of guidelines is meant as a reminder of the main issues to be covered in a general public health education program...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321031/role-of-ketotifen-on-metabolic-profiles-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-diabetic-rats
#9
Zimiao Chen, Hongwei Sun, Jian Wang, Liansong Ni, Xuejiang Gu, Shengjie Ge, Qiong Chen, Liangshan Mu, Xingbo Cheng
We aim to explore effects of Ketotifen on metabolic profiles, inflammation and oxidative stress. Sprague Dawley (SD) male rats were randomly divided into normal control group (NC) and experimental groups, and experimental group rats were fed with high-sugar and fat diet for 6 weeks. Then, experimental group rats were divided into diabetes group (DM) and ketotifen treatment group (KT). KT group was given ketotifen via Intragastric for 8 weeks with the dosage of 0.09 mg/kg•d. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was measured using glucose oxidase-phenol amino phenazone method...
March 17, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304147/relation-of-dietary-carbohydrates-intake-to-circulating-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-levels-in-postmenopausal-women
#10
Mengna Huang, Jinjie Liu, Xiaochen Lin, Atsushi Goto, Yiqing Song, Lesley F Tinker, Kei-Hang Katie Chan, Simin Liu
BACKGROUND: Low circulating levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) have been shown to be a direct and strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and hormone-dependent cancers, although the relation between various aspects of dietary carbohydrates and SHBG levels remains unexplored in population studies. METHODS: Among postmenopausal women with available SHBG measurements at baseline (n = 11,159) in the Women's Health Initiative, we conducted a comprehensive assessment of total dietary carbohydrates, glycemic load (GL), glycemic index (GI), fiber, sugar, and various carbohydrate-abundant foods in relation to circulating SHBG using multiple linear regressions adjusting for potential covariates...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304103/utilization-of-potato-peels-and-sugar-beet-pulp-with-and-without-enzyme-supplementation-in-broiler-chicken-diets-effects-on-performance-serum-biochemical-indices-and-carcass-traits
#11
H M Abdel-Hafeez, E S E Saleh, S S Tawfeek, I M I Youssef, A S A Abdel-Daim
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of including potato peels (PP) and sugar beet pulp (SBP), as unconventional feeds, with and without enzyme in broiler diets from 1 to 42 days of age by observing the growth performance, blood parameters and carcass characteristics. A total of 150, 1-day old, chicks were randomly assigned into five groups, each with 30 chicks. Birds in group 1 were fed on the control diet. Chicks in groups 2 and 3 were offered diets containing PP and SBP at the rate of 15% and 7...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303698/dietary-habits-of-wroclaw-medical-university-students-poland
#12
Rafał Ilow, Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Dorota Różańska
Background: The World Health Organization considers an unhealthy diet to be related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases development. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary habits among Wroclaw Medical University students with a view towards the nutritional risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Material and Methods: The study was conducted between the years 2004-2012. The study group consisted of 892 women and 276 men...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294959/the-addition-of-liquid-fructose-to-a-western-type-diet-in-ldl-r-mice-induces-liver-inflammation-and-fibrogenesis-markers-without-disrupting-insulin-receptor-signalling-after-an-insulin-challenge
#13
Gemma Sangüesa, Miguel Baena, Natalia Hutter, José Carlos Montañés, Rosa María Sánchez, Núria Roglans, Juan Carlos Laguna, Marta Alegret
A high consumption of fat and simple sugars, especially fructose, has been related to the development of insulin resistance, but the mechanisms involved in the effects of these nutrients are not fully understood. This study investigates the effects of a Western-type diet and liquid fructose supplementation, alone and combined, on insulin signalling and inflammation in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-deficient mice (LDL-R(-/-)). LDL-R(-/-) mice were fed chow or Western diet ±15% fructose solution for 12 weeks...
March 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275149/o-acyl-sugars-protect-a-wild-tobacco-from-both-native-fungal-pathogens-and-a-specialist-herbivore
#14
Van Thi Luu, Alexander Weinhold, Chhana Ullah, Stefanie Dressel, Matthias Schoettner, Klaus Gase, Emmanuel Gaquerel, Shuqing Xu, Ian T Baldwin
O-acyl sugars (O-AS) are abundant trichome-specific metabolites that function as indirect defenses against herbivores of the wild tobacco Nicotiana attenuata; whether they also function as generalized direct defenses against herbivores and pathogens remains unknown. We characterized natural variation in O-AS among 26 accessions and examined their influence on two native fungal pathogens, Fusarium brachygibbosum U4 and Alternaria sp. U10, and the specialist herbivore, Manduca sexta. At least 15 different O-AS structures belonging to three classes were found in N...
March 8, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267855/association-between-dietary-factors-and-mortality-from-heart-disease-stroke-and-type-2-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#15
Renata Micha, Jose L Peñalvo, Frederick Cudhea, Fumiaki Imamura, Colin D Rehm, Dariush Mozaffarian
Importance: In the United States, national associations of individual dietary factors with specific cardiometabolic diseases are not well established. Objective: To estimate associations of intake of 10 specific dietary factors with mortality due to heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes (cardiometabolic mortality) among US adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: A comparative risk assessment model incorporated data and corresponding uncertainty on population demographics and dietary habits from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1999-2002: n = 8104; 2009-2012: n = 8516); estimated associations of diet and disease from meta-analyses of prospective studies and clinical trials with validity analyses to assess potential bias; and estimated disease-specific national mortality from the National Center for Health Statistics...
March 7, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264492/lifestyle-and-dietary-determinants-of-serum-apolipoprotein-a1-and-apolipoprotein-b-concentrations-cross-sectional-analyses-within-a-swedish-cohort-of-24-984-individuals
#16
Kasper Frondelius, Madelene Borg, Ulrika Ericson, Yan Borné, Olle Melander, Emily Sonestedt
Low serum apolipoprotein (Apo) A1 concentrations and high serum ApoB concentrations may be better markers of the risk of cardiovascular disease than high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). However, the associations between modifiable lifestyle factors and Apo concentrations have not been investigated in detail. Therefore, this study investigated the associations between Apo concentrations and education, lifestyle factors and dietary intake (macronutrients and 34 food groups). These cross-sectional associations were examined among 24,984 individuals in a Swedish population-based cohort...
February 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262323/soft-drink-consumption-and-gestational-diabetes-risk-in-the-sun-project
#17
Mikel Donazar-Ezcurra, Cristina Lopez-Del Burgo, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez, Francisco J Basterra-Gortari, Jokin de Irala, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing worldwide. To the best of our knowledge the specific evaluation of soft drink consumption as a risk factor for developing GDM has only been conducted in the Nurses' Health Study II. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of GDM according to soft drink consumption in the SUN project. DESIGN: The "Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra" (SUN) project is a prospective and dynamic cohort which included data of 3396 women who notified at least one pregnancy between December 1999 and March 2012...
February 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261164/impact-of-westernized-diet-on-gut-microbiota-in-children-on-leyte-island
#18
Jiro Nakayama, Azusa Yamamoto, Ladie A Palermo-Conde, Kanako Higashi, Kenji Sonomoto, Julie Tan, Yuan-Kun Lee
Urbanization has changed life styles of the children in some towns and cities on Leyte island in the Philippines. To evaluate the impact of modernization in dietary habits on gut microbiota, we compared fecal microbiota of 7 to 9-year-old children from rural Baybay city (n = 24) and urban Ormoc city (n = 19), and assessed the correlation between bacterial composition and diet. A dietary survey indicated that Ormoc children consumed fast food frequently and more meat and confectionary than Baybay children, suggesting modernization/westernization of dietary habits...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251536/ecotoxicological-survey-of-mnei-and-y65r-mnei-proteins-as-new-potential-high-intensity-sweeteners
#19
Michele Fortunato Rega, Antonietta Siciliano, Renato Gesuele, Giusy Lofrano, Andrea Carpentieri, Delia Picone, Marco Guida
Low-calorie sweeteners are widespread. They are routinely introduced into commonly consumed food such as diet sodas, cereals, and sugar-free desserts. Recent data revealed the presence in considerable quantities of some of these artificial sweeteners in water samples qualifying them as a class of potential new emerging contaminants. This study aimed at evaluating the ecotoxicity profile of MNEI and Y65R-MNEI, two engineered products derived from the natural protein monellin, employing representative test organism such as Daphnia magna, Ceriodaphnia dubia, and Raphidocelis subcapitata...
March 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249935/an-adolescent-and-early-adulthood-dietary-pattern-associated-with-inflammation-and-the-incidence-of-breast-cancer
#20
Holly R Harris, Walter C Willett, Rita L Vaidya, Karin B Michels
Adolescence is a highly susceptible period for mammary carcinogenesis, but few prospective studies have examined the role of adolescent diet in breast cancer risk. Reduced rank regression has previously been used to identify a dietary pattern associated with markers of inflammation (C-reactive protein, IL6, and TNFα receptor 2). We investigated whether an adolescent and early adulthood inflammatory dietary pattern was associated with breast cancer among 45,204 women in the Nurses' Health Study II using reduced rank regression...
March 1, 2017: Cancer Research
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