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Medical Education, Obstetrics, Gynaecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588158/helicobacter-pylori-stool-antigen-assay-in-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#1
S Kabir, R A Khanam, M S Basher, M S Azam, M A Hossain, T T Mirza, K A Banu, R K Karmoker
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the most severe form of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that seriously affects the pregnancy outcome. It is a disease with unknown etiology and varieties of contributing factors like hormonal changes, psychological and immunological factors. A significantly high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among pregnant women with Hyperemesis gravidarum has been revealed recently. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at antenatal ward, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh for a period of twenty-one months among purposively selected thirty-six patients with Hyperemesis gravidarum with a view to assess the involvement of H...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549464/is-the-delivery-of-a-quality-improvement-education-programme-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-for-final-year-medical-students-feasible-and-still-effective-in-a-shortened-time-frame
#2
Bridget Kool, Michelle R Wise, Roshini Peiris-John, Lynn Sadler, Faith Mahony, Susan Wells
BACKGROUND: Teaching clinical audit skills to nascent health professionals is one strategy to improve frontline care. The undergraduate medical curriculum at the University of Auckland provides improvement science theory and skills in Year 5 teaching, and the opportunity to put this into practice during an Obstetrics and Gynaecology (O&G) clinical attachment in Year 6. In 2015, a revised medical school curriculum at the university resulted in a planned reduction of the O&G attachment from five weeks to four, necessitating revision of the Year 6 Quality Improvement (QI) project...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532631/competency-based-medical-education-and-assessment-of-training-review-of-selected-national-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-curricula
#3
Milena Garofalo, Rajesh Aggarwal
There are global variations in obstetrics and gynaecology (OBGYN) training curricula, both in length and in their structure and content. The ultimate goal for all residency programs is to ensure a skilled, competent physician, capable of independent practice by the end of his or her training. An online search was used for nationally recognized OBGYN training curricula. The curricula of Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States were individually reviewed and evaluated for their use of competency-based medical education and methods of assessment, including simulation...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511380/fungal-profile-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#4
Krishnapriya Kalaiarasan, Rakesh Singh, Latha Chaturvedula
INTRODUCTION: Vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC) is a common medical health problem of adult women. It is most commonly caused by Candida albicans. But there is a change in fungal profile. Sabouraud's Dextrose Agar (SDA) is the most common culture medium used where mixed fungal infection may be missed. It can be detected easily by using chromogenic culture medium. AIM: To know the fungal profile of vulvovaginal candidiasis using Candida CHROMagar and antifungal susceptibility pattern in patients attending tertiary care hospital...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486704/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-lifestyle-intervention-in-obese-infertile-women
#5
A M van Oers, M A Q Mutsaerts, J M Burggraaff, W K H Kuchenbecker, D A M Perquin, C A M Koks, R van Golde, E M Kaaijk, J M Schierbeek, N F Klijn, Y M van Kasteren, J A Land, B W J Mol, A Hoek, H Groen
STUDY QUESTION: What is the cost-effectiveness of lifestyle intervention preceding infertility treatment in obese infertile women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lifestyle intervention preceding infertility treatment as compared to prompt infertility treatment in obese infertile women is not a cost-effective strategy in terms of healthy live birth rate within 24 months after randomization, but is more likely to be cost-effective using a longer follow-up period and live birth rate as endpoint...
May 9, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363607/end-of-rotation-examinations-in-canadian-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-residency-programs-the-perspectives-of-faculty-members-and-residents
#6
Lynn Sterling, Kelsey Mills, Donna Steele, Heather Shapiro
The Royal College Competence by Design curriculum in obstetrics and gynaecology will launch in 2019, and it will depend heavily on multiple tools for accurate resident assessment. Several Canadian obstetrics and gynaecology residency programs use rotation-specific examinations at the end of various rotations for formative feedback. The obstetrics and gynaecology residency program at the University of Toronto adopted end-of-rotation examinations (EOREs) in 2014. We conducted a national survey to assess the current use of EOREs across Canada and to examine the attitudes and beliefs of residents and program directors regarding their use...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110607/predictors-of-caesarean-section-a-cross-sectional-study-in-hungary
#7
Loránd Rénes, Nikoletta Barka, Zita Gyurkovits, Edit Paulik, Gábor Németh, Hajnalka Orvos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyse the factors associated with caesarean section (CS) at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Szeged, Hungary. STUDY DESIGN: Data collection was based on self-administered questionnaire and medical records related to the deliveries in the year of 2014. Maternal age, education level, marital status, pre-gestational body mass index (BMI), infertility treatment, previous CS, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), pre-pregnancy hypertension and pregnancy-induced hypertension (HT/PIH) were examined...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909633/the-hidden-curriculum-exposing-the-unintended-lessons-of-medical-education
#8
Laura Hopkins, Lana Saciragic, Joanna Kim, Glenn Posner
INTRODUCTION:  The hidden curriculum is a set of ethical, moral, and value-based teachings communicated to doctors-in-training, providing a basis for their future interactions with patients, peers, and colleagues. The aim of our study is to introduce the concept of the hidden curriculum to a cohort of third-year medical students and to subsequently evaluate their understanding. In particular, we sought to measure and benchmark the degree of hidden curriculum recognition within a Canadian medical education context...
October 25, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878956/improving-the-medical-school-residency-transition
#9
Helen Morgan, Bethany Skinner, David Marzano, James Fitzgerald, Diana Curran, Maya Hammoud
BACKGROUND: In response to calls to improve the continuum between undergraduate and graduate medical education, many medical schools are creating electives designed to prepare students for residency training. There is a need for data that link improvements from these residency preparation courses to residency itself. Data is needed that links improvements from these residency preparation courses to residency OBJECTIVE: To examine senior medical student performance on the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics (APGO) Preparation for Residency Knowledge Assessment before and after an obstetrics and gynaecology residency preparation elective, and to determine whether the knowledge improvements persisted to the start of the residency...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723552/medical-students-learning-experiences-of-the-labour-ward-a-qualitative-research-study
#10
Danielle Cotter, Michael J Turner, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Mary F Higgins
OBJECTIVE: To study the educational value to medical students of a labour ward rotation. DESIGN: Qualitative research study was performed in two tertiary level obstetric hospitals attached to a large medical school in Dublin. Medical students attending a six-week rotation in Obstetrics and Gynaecology in University College Dublin were invited to participate. As part of this rotation, students spend one week as part of the clinical team working on the labour ward...
November 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720094/optimizing-participation-of-pregnant-women-in-clinical-trials-factors-influencing-decisions-about-participation-in-medication-and-vaccine-trials
#11
Sophie Palmer, Jessica Pudwell, Graeme N Smith, Robert L Reid
OBJECTIVE: To obtain information on women's attitudes and opinions about participation in vaccine and medication trials during pregnancy. METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey was administered to 110 consenting women over a four-week period in the waiting room of an ambulatory obstetrics and gynaecology clinic in Ontario. RESULTS: The final response rate was 74.8%, with the majority of participants agreeing with statements about the importance of obtaining safety data about products in pregnancy and the importance of a woman having the ability to choose whether to participate in such research...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651579/brought-in-dead-an-avoidable-delay-in-maternal-deaths
#12
Aruna Kumar, Neha Agrawal
PURPOSE: Maternal brought in dead are the patient who dies in the need of adequate medical care. These deaths are often not analyzed sincerely as they are not institutional deaths. Our aim is to find out actual life threatening cause of delay leading to death. METHOD: Patients brought dead to casualty were seen by the doctors on duty in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal round the clock. Cause of death was analyzed by verbal autopsy of attendants and referral letter from the institute...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638987/joint-sogc-ccmg-opinion-for-reproductive-genetic-carrier-screening-an-update-for-all-canadian-providers-of-maternity-and-reproductive-healthcare-in-the-era-of-direct-to-consumer-testing
#13
R Douglas Wilson, Isabelle De Bie, Christine M Armour, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Nan Okun, Tanya Nelson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Francois Audibert, Jo-Ann Brock, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Isabelle De Bie, Jo-Ann Johnson, Nan Okun, Melanie Pastruck, Karine Vallée-Pouliot, R Douglas Wilson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Christine Armour, David Chitayat, Isabelle De Bie, Sara Fernandez, Raymond Kim, Josee Lavoie, Norma Leonard, Tanya Nelson, Sherry Taylor, Margot Van Allen, Clara Van Karnebeek
OBJECTIVE: This guideline was written to update Canadian maternity care and reproductive healthcare providers on pre- and postconceptional reproductive carrier screening for women or couples who may be at risk of being carriers for autosomal recessive (AR), autosomal dominant (AD), or X-linked (XL) conditions, with risk of transmission to the fetus. Four previous SOGC- Canadian College of Medical Geneticists (CCMG) guidelines are updated and merged into the current document. INTENDED USERS: All maternity care (most responsible health provider [MRHP]) and paediatric providers; maternity nursing; nurse practitioner; provincial maternity care administrator; medical student; and postgraduate resident year 1-7...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598961/grigoris-lambrakis-1912-1963-a-greek-obstetrician-and-world-renowned-activist
#14
Ioannis D Gkegkes, Marianna Karamanou, Paraskevi-Evangelia Iavazzo, Xanthi-Ekaterini D Gkegke, George Androutsos, Christos Iavazzo
Grigoris Lambrakis was a Greek politician, doctor, athlete, and faculty member of the Medical School of Athens University. As an athlete, Lambrakis held the Greek record for long jump for twenty-three years and he also won several gold medals in the Balkan Athletic Games. Lambrakis received an excellent medical education. As lecturer at the University of Athens, Lambrakis became a pioneer of Gynecological Endocrinology. His philanthropy was always evident during his medical career, but he also consistently attended international pacifist meetings and demonstrations...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348846/paving-the-road-for-a-european-postgraduate-training-curriculum
#15
Jessica E van der Aa, Angelique J Goverde, Pim W Teunissen, Fedde Scheele
The 'Project for Achieving Consensus in Training' has been initiated by the European Board & College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology to harmonise training in Obstetrics and Gynaecology throughout Europe. In this project called the EBCOG-PACT, a state of the art pan-European training curriculum will be developed. Implementation of a pan-European curriculum will enhance harmonisation of both quality standards of women's healthcare practice and standards of postgraduate training. Secondly, it will assure equal quality of training of gynaecologists, promoting mobility throughout Europe...
August 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27023455/an-exploratory-study-into-the-impact-and-acceptability-of-formatively-used-progress-testing-in-postgraduate-obstetrics-and-gynaecology
#16
Marja G K Dijksterhuis, Lambert W T Schuwirth, Didi D M Braat, Fedde Scheele
Part of recent reforms of postgraduate medical training in the Netherlands is the introduction of formatively intended knowledge testing or progress testing. We previously evaluated the construct validity and reliability of postgraduate progress testing. However, when assessment is intended to be formative, the acceptability of the test (scores) and the educational impact that is achieved are at least as important in the utility of this assessment format. We developed a questionnaire targeted at both educational supervisors and postgraduate trainees, containing questions on general acceptability, educational impact and acceptability of test content...
June 2013: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819437/-takeki-kudoh-s-research-on-modern-medical-science-and-japanized-confucianism-in-colonial-korea-chos%C3%A5-n
#17
Jae-Mok Ch'oi, Jeŏng-Gon Kim
This paper reviews Kudoh Takeki's activity critically during the colonial Korea period, regarding his research on Medical Science and Japanized Confucianism. He managed 'The Seoul Gynecological Hospital'for approximately 35 years in the Chosŏn period as a Japanese resident with Chosŏn status. He published medical knowledge about obstetrics through more than 280 articles, and attempted to improve the hygiene and health of 'Korean Women'. He tried to complete his will toward 'One Unity of Chosŏn and Japan'by terminating the Chosŏn culture 'gene'as an intention...
December 2015: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26776314/educational-effectiveness-of-gynaecological-teaching-associates-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J M N Duffy, S Chequer, A Braddy, S Mylan, A Royuela, J Zamora, J Ip, S Hayden, M Showell, P Kinnersley, R Chenoy, O M Westwood, K S Khan, A Cushing
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, among medical students learning the female pelvic examination, the added benefits of training by gynaecological teaching associates compared with training involving a manikin only. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Nine university teaching hospitals. POPULATION: Ninety-four medical students recruited prior to commencing a 4-week obstetrics and gynaecology rotation. METHODS: The control training consisted of lectures, demonstration of the pelvic examination on a manikin, and opportunities to practise on this low-fidelity simulation (n = 40)...
May 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26769777/proliferation-of-gynaecological-scientific-societies-and-their-financial-transparency-an-italian-survey
#19
Paolo Vercellini, Paola Viganò, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Edgardo Somigliana
OBJECTIVES: To determine the number of Italian obstetrical and gynaecological societies, and to ascertain their financial transparency. DESIGN: Internet-based national survey and website content analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Currently active, not privately owned, non-religious, apolitical, obstetrical and gynaecological associations. METHODS: From October 2014 to June 2015, scientific societies were identified using combinations of search terms, and examining the website of the two main Italian obstetrical and gynaecological organisations...
January 13, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26754206/career-preferences-of-final-year-medical-students-at-a-medical-school-in-kenya-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Hussein Dossajee, Nchafatso Obonyo, Syed Masud Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended physician to population ratio is 23:10,000. Kenya has a physician to population ratio of 1.8:10,000 and is among 57 countries listed as having a serious shortage of health workers. Approximately 52% of physicians work in urban areas, 6% in rural and 42% in peri-urban locations. This study explored factors influencing the choice of career specialization and location for practice among final year medical students by gender. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on final year students in 2013 at the University of Nairobi's, School of Medicine in Kenya...
January 11, 2016: BMC Medical Education
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