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Medical Education, Obstetrics, Gynaecology

Danielle Cotter, Michael J Turner, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Mary F Higgins
OBJECTIVE: To study the educational value to medical students of a labour ward rotation. DESIGN: Qualitative research study was performed in two tertiary level obstetric hospitals attached to a large medical school in Dublin. Medical students attending a six-week rotation in Obstetrics and Gynaecology in University College Dublin were invited to participate. As part of this rotation, students spend one week as part of the clinical team working on the labour ward...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Sophie Palmer, Jessica Pudwell, Graeme N Smith, Robert L Reid
OBJECTIVE: To obtain information on women's attitudes and opinions about participation in vaccine and medication trials during pregnancy. METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey was administered to 110 consenting women over a four-week period in the waiting room of an ambulatory obstetrics and gynaecology clinic in Ontario. RESULTS: The final response rate was 74.8%, with the majority of participants agreeing with statements about the importance of obtaining safety data about products in pregnancy and the importance of a woman having the ability to choose whether to participate in such research...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Aruna Kumar, Neha Agrawal
PURPOSE: Maternal brought in dead are the patient who dies in the need of adequate medical care. These deaths are often not analyzed sincerely as they are not institutional deaths. Our aim is to find out actual life threatening cause of delay leading to death. METHOD: Patients brought dead to casualty were seen by the doctors on duty in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal round the clock. Cause of death was analyzed by verbal autopsy of attendants and referral letter from the institute...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
R Douglas Wilson, Isabelle De Bie, Christine M Armour, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Nan Okun, Tanya Nelson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Francois Audibert, Jo-Ann Brock, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Isabelle De Bie, Jo-Ann Johnson, Nan Okun, Melanie Pastruck, Karine Vallée-Pouliot, R Douglas Wilson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Christine Armour, David Chitayat, Isabelle De Bie, Sara Fernandez, Raymond Kim, Josee Lavoie, Norma Leonard, Tanya Nelson, Sherry Taylor, Margot Van Allen, Clara Van Karnebeek
OBJECTIVE: This guideline was written to update Canadian maternity care and reproductive healthcare providers on pre- and postconceptional reproductive carrier screening for women or couples who may be at risk of being carriers for autosomal recessive (AR), autosomal dominant (AD), or X-linked (XL) conditions, with risk of transmission to the fetus. Four previous SOGC- Canadian College of Medical Geneticists (CCMG) guidelines are updated and merged into the current document. INTENDED USERS: All maternity care (most responsible health provider [MRHP]) and paediatric providers; maternity nursing; nurse practitioner; provincial maternity care administrator; medical student; and postgraduate resident year 1-7...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Ioannis D Gkegkes, Marianna Karamanou, Paraskevi-Evangelia Iavazzo, Xanthi-Ekaterini D Gkegke, George Androutsos, Christos Iavazzo
Grigoris Lambrakis was a Greek politician, doctor, athlete, and faculty member of the Medical School of Athens University. As an athlete, Lambrakis held the Greek record for long jump for twenty-three years and he also won several gold medals in the Balkan Athletic Games. Lambrakis received an excellent medical education. As lecturer at the University of Athens, Lambrakis became a pioneer of Gynecological Endocrinology. His philanthropy was always evident during his medical career, but he also consistently attended international pacifist meetings and demonstrations...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Jessica E van der Aa, Angelique J Goverde, Pim W Teunissen, Fedde Scheele
The 'Project for Achieving Consensus in Training' has been initiated by the European Board & College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology to harmonise training in Obstetrics and Gynaecology throughout Europe. In this project called the EBCOG-PACT, a state of the art pan-European training curriculum will be developed. Implementation of a pan-European curriculum will enhance harmonisation of both quality standards of women's healthcare practice and standards of postgraduate training. Secondly, it will assure equal quality of training of gynaecologists, promoting mobility throughout Europe...
August 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Marja G K Dijksterhuis, Lambert W T Schuwirth, Didi D M Braat, Fedde Scheele
Part of recent reforms of postgraduate medical training in the Netherlands is the introduction of formatively intended knowledge testing or progress testing. We previously evaluated the construct validity and reliability of postgraduate progress testing. However, when assessment is intended to be formative, the acceptability of the test (scores) and the educational impact that is achieved are at least as important in the utility of this assessment format. We developed a questionnaire targeted at both educational supervisors and postgraduate trainees, containing questions on general acceptability, educational impact and acceptability of test content...
June 2013: Perspectives on Medical Education
Jae-Mok Ch'oi, Jeŏng-Gon Kim
This paper reviews Kudoh Takeki's activity critically during the colonial Korea period, regarding his research on Medical Science and Japanized Confucianism. He managed 'The Seoul Gynecological Hospital'for approximately 35 years in the Chosŏn period as a Japanese resident with Chosŏn status. He published medical knowledge about obstetrics through more than 280 articles, and attempted to improve the hygiene and health of 'Korean Women'. He tried to complete his will toward 'One Unity of Chosŏn and Japan'by terminating the Chosŏn culture 'gene'as an intention...
December 2015: Ŭi Sahak
J M N Duffy, S Chequer, A Braddy, S Mylan, A Royuela, J Zamora, J Ip, S Hayden, M Showell, P Kinnersley, R Chenoy, O M Westwood, K S Khan, A Cushing
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, among medical students learning the female pelvic examination, the added benefits of training by gynaecological teaching associates compared with training involving a manikin only. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Nine university teaching hospitals. POPULATION: Ninety-four medical students recruited prior to commencing a 4-week obstetrics and gynaecology rotation. METHODS: The control training consisted of lectures, demonstration of the pelvic examination on a manikin, and opportunities to practise on this low-fidelity simulation (n = 40)...
May 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Paolo Vercellini, Paola Viganò, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Edgardo Somigliana
OBJECTIVES: To determine the number of Italian obstetrical and gynaecological societies, and to ascertain their financial transparency. DESIGN: Internet-based national survey and website content analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Currently active, not privately owned, non-religious, apolitical, obstetrical and gynaecological associations. METHODS: From October 2014 to June 2015, scientific societies were identified using combinations of search terms, and examining the website of the two main Italian obstetrical and gynaecological organisations...
2016: BMJ Open
Hussein Dossajee, Nchafatso Obonyo, Syed Masud Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended physician to population ratio is 23:10,000. Kenya has a physician to population ratio of 1.8:10,000 and is among 57 countries listed as having a serious shortage of health workers. Approximately 52% of physicians work in urban areas, 6% in rural and 42% in peri-urban locations. This study explored factors influencing the choice of career specialization and location for practice among final year medical students by gender. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on final year students in 2013 at the University of Nairobi's, School of Medicine in Kenya...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Heather Rowe
Prior to and throughout the twentieth century, biomedical understandings of health predominated. Australian obstetrician and gynaecologist, Professor Derek Llewellyn-Jones responded to frustrations with the limitations of this narrow approach from both within and beyond the medical profession. His pioneering research, education and writings re-conceptualised the discipline as encompassing the social and psychological contexts and profoundly influenced women's own understanding of their health and the practice of obstetrics and gynaecology...
2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Nicolette Caccia, Amy Nakajima, Fedde Scheele, Nancy Kent
The development of a Canadian competency-based medical education (CBME) curriculum in obstetrics and gynaecology, slated to begin in 2017, must be rooted in, and aligned with, the principles of CanMEDS 2015 and Competence by Design. It must also reflect the unique realities of the practice of the specialty. The Dutch Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology has been at the forefront of the movement to design and implement competency-based training for obstetrics and gynaecology. The Dutch curriculum represents a practical example of how such a program could be developed...
December 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Jason Kim, Jillian Coolen
OBJECTIVE: Increasing enrolment in medical schools in Canada has necessitated the development of distributed clinical learning sites to provide appropriate clinical experience. The Faculty of Medicine at Dalhousie University has clinical clerkship sites distributed across Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, with diverse educational exposures. This study was designed to examine the influence of online learning modules, developed to standardize learning across education sites during the clinical clerkship, on the acquisition of knowledge by medical students during their obstetrics and gynaecology clerkship rotation...
September 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Lisa M Nathan, Erika H Banks, Erin M Conroy, Aileen P McGinn, Jeny P Ghartey, Sarah A Wagner, Irwin R Merkatz
BACKGROUND: Benefits of exposure to global health training during medical education are well documented and residents' demand for this training is increasing. Despite this, it is offered by few US obstetrics and gynaecology (OBGYN) residency training programmes. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate interest, perceived importance, predictors of global health interest and barriers to offering global health training among prospective OBGYN residents, current OBGYN residents and US OGBYN residency directors...
December 2015: Postgraduate Medical Journal
A A Shmidt, M T Alieva, L V Ivanova, O V Molchanov
The authors presented results of the study concerning human papillomavirus infecting of military students of higher military educational institutions of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. In the Center for Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the Kirov Military-Medical Academy was performed a dynamic examination of 478 female cadets aged 17-25. The high level of high-risk HPV viruses was revealed during the examination what proves the necessity of prophylaxis enhancing with the aim to prevent gynecological diseases and reproductive health promotion...
June 2015: Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ Zhurnal
Nousheen Aziz, Sajida Yousfani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors, management modalities, fetomaternal outcome of uterine rupture cases at University teaching hospital in Pakistan. METHODS: This retrospective descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences (LUMHS) for a period of one year from January 1st to December 31st 2012. Main outcome measures were frequency, age, parity, booking status, risk factors, management modalities, fetal and maternal mortality associated with uterine rupture...
July 2015: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Glenn Posner, Sarah Finlayson, Vilma Luna, Dianne Miller, Michael Fung-Kee-Fung
OBJECTIVE: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada requires that residents demonstrate competence in health advocacy (HA). We sought to develop and implement a national educational module for obstetrics and gynaecology residents to address the role of HA. This pilot program was centred on cervical cancer prevention, which lends itself to applying the principles of advocacy. METHODS: An educational module was developed and disseminated to all obstetrics and gynaecology residency programs in Canada...
July 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
R Douglas Wilson, R Douglas Wilson, François Audibert, Jo-Ann Brock, June Carroll, Lola Cartier, Alain Gagnon, Jo-Ann Johnson, Sylvie Langlois, Lynn Murphy-Kaulbeck, Nanette Okun, Melanie Pastuck, Paromita Deb-Rinker, Linda Dodds, Juan Andres Leon, Hélène L Lowel, Wei Luo, Amanda MacFarlane, Rachel McMillan, Aideen Moore, William Mundle, Deborah O'Connor, Joel Ray, Michiel Van den Hof
OBJECTIVE: To provide updated information on the pre- and post-conception use of oral folic acid with or without a multivitamin/micronutrient supplement for the prevention of neural tube defects and other congenital anomalies. This will help physicians, midwives, nurses, and other health care workers to assist in the education of women about the proper use and dosage of folic acid/multivitamin supplementation before and during pregnancy. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library in January 2011 using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words (e...
June 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Karalyn E McRae, Gregory A L Davies, Ronald A Easteal, Graeme N Smith
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of the gross anatomy of the placenta is fundamental in order to help identify potential complications during pregnancy. The placenta is difficult to study without a three-dimensional appreciation of its structure. The aim of this study was to develop a collection of plastinated placenta specimens and accompanying clinical educational materials to provide learning resources for placental abnormalities and their associated pregnancy outcomes. These plastinates and educational modules were used as teaching resources for both undergraduate and post-graduate medical trainees in Obstetrics and Gynaecology...
September 2015: Placenta
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