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Stanford type A

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516101/early-spontaneous-resolution-of-an-iatrogenic-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection
#1
Mohammad A Zafar, Philip Y K Pang, Glen A Henry, Bulat A Ziganshin, Maryann Tranquilli, John A Elefteriades
Acute aortic dissection is a rare but devastating complication during cardiac catheterization. We present the case of an elderly female who incurred a Stanford Type A/DeBakey Type I acute aortic dissection extending into the arch vessels and descending aorta likely occurring during right coronary artery engagement for angioplasty. The patient was treated successfully by immediately sealing the entrance of the dissection via the placement of a stent and anti-impulse therapy. Follow-up computed tomography scan showed complete resolution of the dissection within one month...
December 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511806/st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-could-be-the-primary-presentation-of-acute-aortic-dissection
#2
Qing-Yi Zhu, Shi Tai, Liang Tang, Wen Peng, Sheng-Hua Zhou, Zhen-Guo Liu, Xin-Qun Hu
BACKGROUND: Stanford type A aortic dissection (TAAD) may lead to coronary artery occlusion and malfunction. However, TAAD manifesting as acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has not been studied. In the present study, we reported 8 TAAD cases with STEMI as the primary presentation, and analyzed their clinical characteristics and outcome. METHODS: The records were reviewed for patients admitted to the large comprehensive university hospital for PCI due to STEMI from January 1, 2002 to January 1, 2017...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505365/allograft-inflammatory-factor-1-links-t-cell-activation-interferon-response-and-macrophage-activation-in-chronic-kawasaki-disease-arteritis
#3
Anne H Rowley, Susan C Baker, Kwang-Youn A Kim, Stanford T Shulman, Amy Yang, David Arrollo, Matthew DeBerge, Shuling Han, Nicholas E S Sibinga, Adam J Pink, Edward B Thorp
Background.: Kawasaki disease (KD) is widely viewed as an acute arteritis. However, our pathologic studies show that chronic coronary arteritis can persist long after disease onset and is closely linked with arterial stenosis. Transcriptome profiling of acute KD arteritis tissues revealed upregulation of T lymphocyte, type I interferon, and allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF1) genes. We determined whether these immune responses persist in chronic KD arteritis, and we investigated the role of AIF1 in these responses...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504356/bronchoscopy-in-children-with-tetralogy-of-fallot-pulmonary-atresia-and-major-aortopulmonary-collaterals
#4
Douglas R Sidell, Andrew M Koth, Holly Bauser-Heaton, Doff B McElhinney, Lisa Wise-Faberowski, Michael C Tracy, Frank L Hanley, Ritu Asija
OBJECTIVE: Children with Tetralogy of Fallot, Pulmonary Atresia, and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals (TOF/PA/MAPCAs) undergoing unifocalization surgery are at risk for developing more postoperative respiratory complications than children undergoing other types of congenital heart surgery. Bronchoscopy is used in the perioperative period for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. In this study, we describe bronchoscopic findings and identify factors associated with selection for bronchoscopy...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499801/the-effect-of-admission-serum-potassium-levels-on-in-hospital-and-long-term-mortality-in-type-a-acute-aortic-dissection
#5
Zhaoran Chen, Bi Huang, Haisong Lu, Zhenhua Zhao, Rutai Hui, Shu Zhang, Yanmin Yang, Xiaohan Fan
BACKGROUND: Mild fluctuations in serum potassium (K(+)) levels are related to the prognosis of cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to determine the effect of admission serum potassium levels on in-hospital and long-term mortality in patients with Stanford type A acute aortic dissection (AAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 588 consecutive patients with type A AAD were enrolled, and they were grouped according to admission serum potassium level: <3.5, 3...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499667/insight-into-the-incidence-of-acute-aortic-dissection-in-the-german-region-of-berlin-and-brandenburg
#6
S D Kurz, V Falk, J Kempfert, M Gieb, T M Ruschinski, M Kukucka, M Tsokos, H Grubitzsch, H Herbst, J Semmler, C Buschmann
BACKGROUND: Stanford acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) is a potentially lethal condition. Epidemiology studies show a statistical incidence in Europe of approximately 2-16 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year. In Germany, the estimated incidence (here subsumed under "thoracic aortic dissection" with 4.63 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year) is mainly extracted from medical death certificates by the German Federal Statistical Office. The prehospital incidence of ATAAD deaths is largely unknown...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496084/-redissection-of-the-aortic-root-three-months-after-replacement-of-the-ascending-aorta-for-acute-stanford-type-a-dissection-report-of-a-case
#7
Takeshi Someya, Kiyotoshi Oishi, Toshizumi Shirai
We report a case of redissection of the aortic root after graft replacement for acute aortic dissection using BioGlue to approximate the false lumen. A 49-year-old man underwent graft replacement of the ascending aorta for acute aortic dissection. In this operation, BioGlue was applied to the false lumen of the aortic root. Three months later, computed tomography revealed an ulcer-like projection and an intramural hematoma in the aortic root. Aortic root replacement was performed, in which operative findings showed a new intimal tear and a patent false lumen contained with hematomas and a fragment of BioGlue...
May 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475566/aortic-remodeling-following-sun-s-procedure-for-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection
#8
Jiawen Luo, Xianming Fu, Yangzhao Zhou, Hao Tang, Guobao Song, Tao Tang, Xiaobo Liao, Xinmin Zhou
BACKGROUND Sun's procedure is a surgical technique widely used in type A aortic dissection. The purpose of this study was to analyze clinical outcomes and morphologic changes in true and false lumen by computed tomography (CT) angiography after Sun's procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 51 patients who underwent Sun's procedure for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection extending down to iliac bifurcation between January 2013 and December 2014. The images of preoperative, one-month, three-month, and six-month follow-up were analyzed by CT angiography to measure the area and diameter of true and false lumen...
May 5, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445305/a-case-report-of-painless-type-a-aortic-dissection-with-intermittent-convulsive-syncope-as-initial-presentation
#9
Chun-Hsien Chen, Kuan-Ting Liu
RATIONALE: The initial presenting symptoms and signs of acute aortic dissection are so diverse that it makes early and accurate diagnosis arduous. Painless and convulsive syncope due to cardiac arrhythmia were not typical presentations of acute aortic dissection. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old male presenting with transient consciousness loss and suspected seizure attack was sent to emergency room (ER) by ambulance. Consciousness loss accompanying with upward gaze and limb convulsion was noted in ER, and electrocardiogram monitor recorded a transient cardiac asystole then spontaneous recovery of sinus rhythm...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411526/endovascular-repair-of-a-ruptured-thoracic-aortic-dissection-with-a-right-sided-aortic-arch-a-case-report
#10
Jeremy L Irvan, James R Elmore, Sarah L Flora, Evan J Ryer
BACKGROUND: Emergency treatment of complex aortic pathology is challenging in the setting of a right-sided aortic arch. We report the successful treatment of a ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) in the setting of a Stanford type B aortic dissection (TBAD) and right-sided aortic arch. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 66-year-old male with chronic kidney disease (CKD) admitted with right sided chest pain and hypotension. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed a 5cm ruptured TAA in the setting of a TBAD and right-sided aortic arch...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390767/management-and-outcomes-of-carotid-artery-extension-of-aortic-dissections
#11
Adriana Laser, Charles B Drucker, Donald G Harris, Tanya Flohr, Shahab Toursavadkohi, Rajabrata Sarkar, Bradley Taylor, Robert S Crawford
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection (AD) is the most common aortic catastrophe. Carotid artery dissection due to extension of AD (CAEAD) is one severe complication of this condition. Despite years of refinement in the techniques for repair of AD, the optimal management strategy for CAEAD remains yet to be described. We hypothesized that CAEAD eventually resolves on antiplatelet therapy with a low but not insignificant risk of cerebrovascular accident (CVA). METHODS: This was a single-institution retrospective review of patients admitted with nontraumatic coincident aortic and carotid dissection between 2001 and 2013...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386043/nongated-cardiac-computed-tomographic-angiograms-for-detection-of-embolic-sources-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#12
Leonard L L Yeo, Staffan Holmin, Tommy Andersson, Erik Lundström, Anil Gopinathan, Er Luen Lim, Benjamin S H Leong, Win Sen Kuan, Eric Ting, Benjamin Y Q Tan, Sterling Ellis Eide, Edgar L K Tay
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We assessed the feasibility of obtaining diagnostic quality images of the heart and thoracic aorta by extending the z axis coverage of a non-ECG-gated computed tomographic angiogram performed in the primary evaluation of acute stroke without increasing the contrast dose. METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke within the 4.5 hours of symptom onset were prospectively recruited. We increased the longitudinal coverage to the domes of the diaphragm to include the heart...
April 6, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380574/dynamic-model-improves-agronomic-and-environmental-outcomes-for-maize-nitrogen-management-over-static-approach
#13
Shai Sela, Harold M van Es, Bianca N Moebius-Clune, Rebecca Marjerison, Daniel Moebius-Clune, Robert Schindelbeck, Keith Severson, Eric Young
Large temporal and spatial variability in soil nitrogen (N) availability leads many farmers across the United States to over-apply N fertilizers in maize ( L.) production environments, often resulting in large environmental N losses. Static Stanford-type N recommendation tools are typically promoted in the United States, but new dynamic model-based decision tools allow for highly adaptive N recommendations that account for specific production environments and conditions. This study compares the Corn N Calculator (CNC), a static N recommendation tool for New York, to Adapt-N, a dynamic simulation tool that combines soil, crop, and management information with real-time weather data to estimate optimum N application rates for maize...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379830/fertility-treatment-use-of-in-vitro-fertilization-and-time-to-live-birth-based-on-initial-provider-type
#14
Mandy W Boltz, Jessica N Sanders, Sara E Simonsen, Joseph B Stanford
PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between the type of clinician (generalist vs subspecialist) initially seen by infertile women, the treatment received, and the time to pregnancy. METHODS: We analyzed mixed-mode questionnaire data from 867 women with primary infertility enrolled into a retrospective cohort through population- and fertility clinic-based sampling. We compared women presenting first to generalist providers with women presenting first to fertility subspecialists, with the main outcomes of receiving in vitro fertilization (IVF), time to pregnancy, and live birth...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379514/outcomes-of-patients-who-declined-surgery-for-acute-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection-with-patent-false-lumen-of-the-ascending-aorta%C3%A2
#15
Tadashi Kitamura, Shinzo Torii, Tetsuya Horai, Koichi Sughimoto, Yusuke Irisawa, Hidenori Hayashi, Takuya Matsushiro, Yurie Miyata, Yuta Tsuchida, Kagami Miyaji
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of patients who did not undergo initial aortic surgery for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection with a patent false lumen of the ascending aorta. METHODS: Inpatient and outpatient records were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: We identified 195 patients with acute type A aortic dissection with a patent ascending false lumen between January 1998 and March 2016. Of these, 137 underwent aortic surgery, 16 died before surgery and 42 declined aortic surgery...
April 3, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360261/computed-tomography-imaging-features-in-acute-uncomplicated-stanford-type-b-aortic-dissection-predict-late-adverse-events
#16
Anna M Sailer, Sander M J van Kuijk, Patricia J Nelemans, Anne S Chin, Aya Kino, Mark Huininga, Johanna Schmidt, Gabriel Mistelbauer, Kathrin Bäumler, Peter Chiu, Michael P Fischbein, Michael D Dake, D Craig Miller, Geert Willem H Schurink, Dominik Fleischmann
BACKGROUND: Medical treatment of initially uncomplicated acute Stanford type-B aortic dissection is associated with a high rate of late adverse events. Identification of individuals who potentially benefit from preventive endografting is highly desirable. METHODS AND RESULTS: The association of computed tomography imaging features with late adverse events was retrospectively assessed in 83 patients with acute uncomplicated Stanford type-B aortic dissection, followed over a median of 850 (interquartile range 247-1824) days...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356265/programmatic-approach-to-management-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-with-major-aortopulmonary-collateral-arteries-a-15-year-experience-with-458-patients
#17
Holly Bauser-Heaton, Alejandro Borquez, Brian Han, Michael Ladd, Ritu Asija, Laura Downey, Andrew Koth, Claudia A Algaze, Lisa Wise-Faberowski, Stanton B Perry, Andrew Shin, Lynn F Peng, Frank L Hanley, Doff B McElhinney
BACKGROUND: Tetralogy of Fallot with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries is a complex and heterogeneous condition. Our institutional approach to this lesion emphasizes early complete repair with the incorporation of all lung segments and extensive lobar and segmental pulmonary artery reconstruction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed all patients who underwent surgical intervention for tetralogy of Fallot and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford (LPCHS) since November 2001...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355764/-prognostic-factors-for-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-undergoing-surgery-for-acute-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#18
R Jiao, N Liu
Objective: To evaluate prognostic factors for in-hospital mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) undergoing surgery for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection. Methods: Retrospective analysis were conducted for 60 patients diagnosed with AKI requiring CRRT undergoing surgery for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 2015 to September 2016. There were 43 male and 17 female patients with an mean age of (50±14) years...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355763/-late-reoperations-after-repaired-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#19
F H Huang, L P Li, C H Su, W Qin, M Xu, L M Wang, Y S Jiang, Z B Qiu, L Q Xiao, C Zhang, H W Shi, X Chen
Objective: To summarize the experience of reoperations on patients who had late complications related to previous aortic surgery for Stanford type A dissection. Methods: From August 2008 to October 2016, 14 patients (10 male and 4 female patients) who underwent previous cardiac surgery for Stanford type A aortic dissection accepted reoperations on the late complications at Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Nanjing Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University. The range of age was from 41 to 76 years, the mean age was (57±12) years...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355762/-clinical-analysis-of-different-root-treatment-methods-in-acute-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#20
Y X Xue, Q Zhou, J Pan, Q Wang, H L Cao, F D Fan, D J Wang
Objective: To discuss the perioperative and follow-up results of different surgical methods for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection patients and analyzed the results. Methods: The clinic data of 351 acute Stanford type A aortic dissection patients received surgical therapy at Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Nanjing University Medical School Affiliated Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2008 to December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 272 male and 79 female patients, aging from 22 to 83 years with a mean age of (52±13) years...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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