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Shoulder injection therapy

Hamit Göksu, Figen Tuncay, Pınar Borman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic effects of kinesio taping (KT) and local subacromial injection in patients with subacromial impingement, syndrome (SIS) with regard to pain, range of motion (ROM) and disability. METHODS: Sixty-one patients (48 females and 13 males; mean age: 43.04 ± 6.31, years) with SIS were enrolled into the study. The patients were randomized into two treatment groups receiving either a single corticosteroid and local anesthetic (LA) injection, or kinesio taping performed three times by intervals of 3 day...
September 23, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Sherman O Canapp, Debra A Canapp, Victor Ibrahim, Brittany Jean Carr, Catherine Cox, Jennifer G Barrett
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical findings and outcomes for 55 dogs with supraspinatus tendinopathy (ST) treated with adipose-derived progenitor cells and platelet-rich plasma (ADPC-PRP) therapy. METHODS: Medical records of client-owned dogs diagnosed with ST that were treated with ADPC-PRP combination therapy were reviewed from 2006 to 2013. Data collected included signalment, medical history, limb involvement, prior treatments, physical and orthopedic examination, objective temporospatial gait analysis findings, diagnostic imaging results (radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, musculoskeletal ultrasonography), arthroscopy findings, and outcome...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Kwang-Il Kwak, Eun-Kyung Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to develop a clinical protocol for the treatment of frozen shoulder using applied hydraulic distension plus manual therapy. [Subjects and Methods] Patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups: 60 patients in group A were treated with hydraulic distension plus manual therapy, and 61 in group B were treated with hydraulic distension alone. Treatment effects were assessed using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) (pain and satisfaction), and active range of motion of the shoulder (forward flexion, internal and external rotation) before treatments and at 2, 6, 12, 24 weeks, and 1 year after the last injections...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
A E Sahin, Y Cayir, A Imerci, H Uzkeser, F Akcay
Heel spur is also known as a result of plantar calcaneal bone spur which is a common complaint associated with pain at heel. Heel spur is more common in females. Anti-inflammatory drugs, local steroid injections, physical therapy, low-dose radiotherapy and shock wave therapy are the commonly used treatment choices. There is no evidence that acupuncture is an effective method for heel spur in the literature. However, we know that acupuncture can be used for many orthopaedic diseases like frozen shoulder, tennis elbow, sciatic pain, joint sprains, several forms of bursitis and arthritis...
November 11, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Alisara Arirachakaran, Manusuk Boonard, Sarunpong Yamaphai, Akom Prommahachai, Suraphol Kesprayura, Jatupon Kongtharvonskul
: Treatment of calcific tendinitis using extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT), ultrasound-guided percutaneous lavage (UGPL or barbotage), subacromial corticosteroid injection (SAI) and combined treatment is still controversial. This systematic review and meta-regression aimed to compare clinical outcomes between treatments. Relevant RCTs were identified using PubMed and Scopus search engines to date of September 23, 2015. Seven of 920 studies identified were eligible. Compared to the other treatments, the results of this study indicate that ESWT significantly improved CMS and VAS when compared to placebo...
August 23, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Ahmed Shams, Mohamed El-Sayed, Osama Gamal, Waled Ewes
OBJECTIVE: Rotator cuff tears are one of the most common causes of chronic shoulder pain and disability. They significantly affect the quality of life. Reduced pain and improved function are the goals of conventional therapy, which includes relative rest, pain therapy, physical therapy, corticosteroid injections and surgical intervention. Tendons have a relative avascular nature; hence, their regenerative potential is limited. There is some clinical evidence that the application of autologous platelets may help to revascularize the area of injury in rotator cuff pathologies...
August 20, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Rachel Patrick, Josh McGinty, Ann Lucado, Beth Collier
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears and associated Tommy Johns surgical intervention from excessive and poor quality pitching has increased immensely-with more college and professional pitchers undergoing the surgery in 2014 alone than in the 1990s as a whole.(1) Faulty mechanics developed at young ages are often well-engrained by the late adolescent years and the minimal healing ability of the largely avascular UCL often leads to delayed safe return to sport.(2). PURPOSE: The purpose of this case study was to describe an innovative, multimodal approach to conservative management of a chronic UCL injury in a college-aged baseball pitcher...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Soo-Hong Han, Jun-Ku Lee, Hyeong-Jong Kim, Soo-Hyun Lee, Ji-Woong Kim, Tae-Seob Kim
BACKGROUND: Angiofibroblastic changes of a musculotendinous origin at the medial epicondyle characterize medial epicondylitis of the elbow. Although nonsurgical treatment is the primary approach for medial epicondylitis, surgical treatment should be considered when conservative therapy fails. This study reports the results of surgical treatment of medial epicondylitis monitored for more than 5 years. METHODS: This study included 55 patients with 63 cases of medial epicondylitis between 2000 and 2010...
October 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Ryan C Xiao, Kempland C Walley, Joseph P DeAngelis, Arun J Ramappa
OBJECTIVE: Adhesive capsulitis is a self-limiting condition in a majority of patients and is often treated nonoperatively. However, symptoms may take 2 to 3 years to resolve fully. A small, but significant, portion of patients require surgical intervention. The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the efficacy of corticosteroid injections for the treatment of adhesive capsulitis (AC). DATA SOURCES: A review of articles indexed by the United States National Library of Medicine was conducted by querying the PubMed database for studies involving participants with AC, frozen shoulder, stiff shoulder, or painful shoulder...
July 18, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Michael Campbell
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) causes a progressive loss of photoreceptors in the macula. It is the most common cause of legal blindness in the United States, and some form of AMD is thought to affect more than 9 million individuals. Risk factors include older age, smoking, dyslipidemia, obesity, white race, female sex, and a family history of AMD. There are two types of advanced AMD: nonexudative (dry or geographic atrophy) and exudative (wet or neovascular). Both cause progressive central vision loss with intact peripheral vision...
July 2016: FP Essentials
Jiong Jiong Guo, Kailun Wu, Huaqing Guan, Lei Zhang, Cheng Ji, Huilin Yang, Tiansi Tang
Little is known about the mid-term results of nonsurgical treatment for shoulder osteoarthritis (OA), especially in a Chinese population. This study sought to determine the efficacy of nonsurgical management in older patients with shoulder OA. A total of 129 conservatively treated unilateral shoulder OA patients who were older than 65 years were evaluated prospectively at the initial office visit and then subsequently at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months later. During the 36-month follow-up period, all patients could receive conventional therapy, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, corticosteroid injection, sodium hyaluronate, and education, at the discretion of treating physicians...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Matthew J Page, Sally Green, Marshall A Mrocki, Stephen J Surace, Jessica Deitch, Brodwen McBain, Nicolette Lyttle, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Management of rotator cuff disease may include use of electrotherapy modalities (also known as electrophysical agents), which aim to reduce pain and improve function via an increase in energy (electrical, sound, light, or thermal) into the body. Examples include therapeutic ultrasound, low-level laser therapy (LLLT), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), and pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF). These modalities are usually delivered as components of a physical therapy intervention...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Matthew J Page, Sally Green, Brodwen McBain, Stephen J Surace, Jessica Deitch, Nicolette Lyttle, Marshall A Mrocki, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Management of rotator cuff disease often includes manual therapy and exercise, usually delivered together as components of a physical therapy intervention. This review is one of a series of reviews that form an update of the Cochrane review, 'Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain'. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise available evidence regarding the benefits and harms of manual therapy and exercise, alone or in combination, for the treatment of people with rotator cuff disease...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Karen Ellegaard, Robin Christensen, Sara Rosager, Cecilie Bartholdy, Søren Torp-Pedersen, Thomas Bandholm, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Henning Bliddal, Marius Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) accounts for around 50 % of all cases of shoulder pain. The most commonly used treatments are glucocorticosteroid (steroid) injections and exercise therapy; however, despite treatment SAPS patients often experience relapse of their symptoms. Therefore the clinical effect of combining steroid and exercise therapy is highly relevant to clarify. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate if exercise therapy added to steroid injection in patients with SAPS will improve the effect of the injection therapy on shoulder pain...
2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Jae Hyung Kim, Sang Kwang Lee, Seong Kyu Lee, Joo Heon Kim, Michael Fredericson
Numerous musculoskeletal disorders are caused by thickened ligament, tendon stiffness, or fibrosis of joint capsule. Relaxin, a peptide hormone, can exert collagenolytic effect on ligamentous and fibrotic tissues. We hypothesized that local injection of relaxin could be used to treat entrapment neuropathy and adhesive capsulitis. Because hormonal effect depends on the receptor of the hormone on the target cell, it is important to confirm the presence of such hormonal receptor at the target tissue before the hormone therapy is initiated...
June 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Eiji Itoi, Guillermo Arce, Gregory I Bain, Ronald L Diercks, Dan Guttmann, Andreas B Imhoff, Augustus D Mazzocca, Hiroyuki Sugaya, Yon-Sik Yoo
UNLABELLED: Shoulder stiffness can be caused by various etiologies such as immobilization, trauma, or surgical interventions. The Upper Extremity Committee of ISAKOS defined the term "frozen shoulder" as idiopathic stiff shoulder, that is, without a known cause. Secondary stiff shoulder is a term that should be used to describe shoulder stiffness with a known cause. The pathophysiology of frozen shoulder is capsular fibrosis and inflammation with chondrogenesis, but the cause is still unknown...
July 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Marc A Childress, Blair A Becker
Cervical radiculopathy describes pain in one or both of the upper extremities, often in the setting of neck pain, secondary to compression or irritation of nerve roots in the cervical spine. It can be accompanied by motor, sensory, or reflex deficits and is most prevalent in persons 50 to 54 years of age. Cervical radiculopathy most often stems from degenerative disease in the cervical spine. The most common examination findings are painful neck movements and muscle spasm. Diminished deep tendon reflexes, particularly of the triceps, are the most common neurologic finding...
May 1, 2016: American Family Physician
Marie A Badalamente, Edward D Wang
BACKGROUND: Conservative and even surgical management of adhesive capsulitis often is prolonged and painful. Management of adhesive capsulitis is lacking evidence-based controlled clinical trials. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked: (1) Does a collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection lyse shoulder capsule collagen in adhesive capsulitis and at what dose? (2) Can a shoulder capsule injection be administered extraarticularly? (3) Do CCH injections result in better scores for pain and function than can be achieved with physical therapy among patients with adhesive capsulitis? METHODS: First, 60 patients with adhesive capsulitis were evaluated by clinical examination...
May 9, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Olivia Samotus, Fariborz Rahimi, Jack Lee, Mandar Jog
OBJECTIVE: Effective treatment for functional disability caused by essential tremor is a significant unmet need faced by many clinicians today. Current literature regarding focal therapy by botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections uses fixed dosing regimens, which cannot be individualized, provides only limited functional benefit and unacceptable muscle weakness commonly occurs. This 38-week open label study, the longest to-date, demonstrates how kinematic technology addressed all these issues by guiding muscle selection...
2016: PloS One
Merisa Piper, Isabella Guajardo, Keith Denkler, Hani Sbitany
BACKGROUND: Axillary web syndrome (AWS) is a poorly understood but common cause of significant morbidity after axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer. It is characterized by painful scar tissue formation and contracture extending from the axilla down the medial arm which limits shoulder and arm mobility. We sought to gain a better understanding of its pathophysiology and available treatments. Additionally, we present our preliminary experience with 2 novel treatment methods: (1) percutaneous needle cord disruption with fat grafting, (2) Xiaflex injection to the cording...
May 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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