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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161801/impact-of-sarcopenia-on-long-term-mortality-and-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#1
Jwa-Kyung Kim, Sung Gyun Kim, Ji-Eun Oh, Young-Ki Lee, Jung-Woo Noh, Hyung Jik Kim, Young Rim Song
Background/Aims: A high body mass index (BMI) is known to correlate with better survival in patients on hemodialysis (HD). However, the impacts of body composition and sarcopenia on survival have not been well studied in this population. Methods: One hundred and forty-two prevalent HD patients were recruited and followed prospectively for up to 4.5 years. Low muscle mass (measured using a portable, whole-body, bioimpedance spectroscopic device) was defined as a lean tissue index (LTI) two standard deviations (SD) or more below the normal gender-specific mean for young people...
November 23, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161789/current-status-of-thyroid-fine-needle-aspiration-practice-in-thailand
#2
REVIEW
Somboon Keelawat, Samreung Rangdaeng, Supinda Koonmee, Tikamporn Jitpasutham, Andrey Bychkov
Thyroid carcinoma is one of the leading malignancies in Thailand increasingly prevalent in the female population. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is a widely used diagnostic tool for evaluation of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. Thyroid FNA is a routine procedure universally performed in Thai hospitals by a variety of clinical specialists. Manual guidance is the first-line choice complemented by ultrasound assistance in selected cases. Despite national guidelines recommendations, the diagnostic criteria and terminology of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) was slowly adopted in the local settings...
November 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161780/assessment-of-relationship-of-abo-blood-groups-among-tobacco-induced-oral-cancer-patients-of-kanpur-population-uttar-pradesh
#3
Gayathri Ramesh, Anuradha Katiyar, Amrita Raj, Amit Kumar, Ramesh Nagarajappa, Amit Pandey
Background: The possibility of association between ABO blood groups and malignancy was first discussed by Anderson DE & Haas C. The association between blood group and oral cancer is least explored and hence this study was undertaken to evaluate relationship of ABO blood groups with an increased risk for oral cancer. Materials and method: The present study was conducted at various cancer hospitals in Kanpur. The study samples comprised 100 oral cancer patients and 50 controls with tobacco chewing habit...
November 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161745/resting-autonomic-function-in-active-and-insufficiently-active-people-living-with-hiv
#4
Norberto Quiles, Carol Garber, Joseph Ciccolo
Autonomic dysfunction appears to be prevalent in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). However, there are limited data on the resting autonomic responses to exercise in active and insufficiently active PLWHA. We aimed to determine whether active PLWHA have better autonomic responses compared with insufficiently active PLWHA. Active PLWHA receiving anti-retroviral therapy (n=13) and insufficiently active PLWHA (n=10) were recruited. A 10-min recording of the supine electrocardiogram was taken. Resting heart rate variability was analyzed from this electrocardiogram...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161743/pharmacological-foundations-of-cannabis-chemovars
#5
Mark A Lewis, Ethan B Russo, Kevin M Smith
An advanced Mendelian Cannabis breeding program has been developed utilizing chemical markers to maximize the yield of phytocannabinoids and terpenoids with the aim to improve therapeutic efficacy and safety. Cannabis is often divided into several categories based on cannabinoid content. Type I, Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol-predominant, is the prevalent offering in both medical and recreational marketplaces. In recent years, the therapeutic benefits of cannabidiol have been better recognized, leading to the promotion of additional chemovars: Type II, Cannabis that contains both Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, and cannabidiol-predominant Type III Cannabis...
November 21, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161710/distribution-of-hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-and-subtypes-in-the-metropolitan-area-of-naples-italy-in-the-era-of-interferon-free-regimens
#6
Elena Grimaldi, Maria Elena Della Pepa, Francesca Martora, Pasqualino Magliocca, Maria Rosaria Iovene, Nicola Coppola, Giovanna Donnarumma, Massimiliano Galdiero
AIMS: The objective of this work was to study the distribution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and subtypes from 2010 to 2015 in 1,221 anti-HCV/HCV-RNA-positive specimens from patients living in the metropolitan area of Naples, since HCV genotypes and subtypes remain cornerstones in the management of chronic HCV infection even in the directly acting antivirals era. METHODS: The study was carried out on 1,221 anti-HCV/HCV-RNA-positive plasma samples collected between April 2010 and December 2015...
November 22, 2017: Intervirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161692/association-between-extreme-values-of-markers-of-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder-and-5-year-mortality-among-prevalent-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Jin-Gang Zhu, Jin-Bor Chen, Ben-Chung Cheng, Chih-Hsiung Lee, Gang Long, Yu-Shu Chien
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We examined the association between markers of chronic kidney disease - mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the association between markers of CKD-MBD and mortality in 1,126 HD patients from 2009 to 2013 with baseline (B), time-average (TA), and time-dependent (TD) Cox regression models. RESULTS: Hypercalcemia (10.9-11.9 mg/dL) indicated an increased risk of all-cause mortality (TA: hazard ratio [HR] 3...
November 22, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161688/plasma-beta-trace-protein-as-a-marker-of-residual-renal-function-the-effect-of-different-hemodialysis-modalities-and-intra-individual-variability-over-time
#8
Amaryllis H van Craenenbroeck, Ann-Christin Bragfors-Helin, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Bengt Lindholm, Bodil Sjöberg, Björn Anderstam, Olof Heimburger, Peter Stenvinkel, Peter Bárány
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Beta-trace protein (BTP) is a low-molecular-weight molecule, which may be used to assess residual renal function (RRF) in dialysis patients. Here we evaluated the influence of hemodialysis (HD) and hemodiafiltration (HDF) on plasma BTP, and analyzed the inter- and intra-individual variability of plasma BTP over time in HD and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: In 12 prevalent HD patients, the effect of a single session of low-flux HD, high-flux HD and HDF on plasma BTP was studied...
November 22, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161685/intergenotype-recombination-among-new-norovirus-gii-4-variants-in-the-complete-genome
#9
Jinfeng Xu, Tingjun Liu, Hua Wang, Hongxing Shen
GII.4 noroviruses (NoVs) are a major cause of acute gastroenteritis in humans. A new variant of GII.4, the Sydney variant, has recently become more prevalent on a global scale. Intragenotype recombinations are widespread within the pandemic NoV GII.4 lineage, and are likely to be important forces driving the evolution and emergence of novel GII.4 viruses. In this study, we sought to examine the role that intergenotype recombination has played in the emergence of GII.4 Sydney 2012 variants. The results show that the GII...
November 22, 2017: Intervirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161654/prevalence-of-various-environmental-intolerances-in-a-swedish-and-finnish-general-population
#10
Kirsi Karvala, Markku Sainio, Eva Palmquist, Maj-Helen Nyback, Steven Nordin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of various environmental intolerances (EIs), using several criteria in a Swedish and a Finnish general population. Ill-health attributed to low-level environmental exposures is a commonly encountered challenge in occupational and environmental medicine. METHODS: In population-based questionnaire surveys, the Västerbotten Environmental Health Study (Sweden) and the Österbotten Environmental Health Study (Finland), EI was inquired by one-item questions on symptom attribution to chemicals, certain buildings, or electromagnetic fields (EMFs), and difficulties tolerating sounds...
November 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161631/perceived-epilepsy-stigma-mediates-relationships-between-personality-and-social-well-being-in-a-diverse-epilepsy-population
#11
Seth A Margolis, Luba Nakhutina, Sarah G Schaffer, Arthur C Grant, Jeffrey S Gonzalez
INTRODUCTION: Perceived epilepsy stigma and reduced social well-being are prevalent sources of distress in people with epilepsy (PWE). Yet, research on patient-level correlates of these difficulties is lacking, especially among underserved groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Racially/ethnically diverse adults with intractable seizures (N=60, 62% female; 79% Black, 20% Hispanic/Latino, 8% White) completed validated measures of personality (NEO Five Factor Inventory, NEO-FFI-3), perceived epilepsy stigma (Epilepsy Stigma Scale, ESS), and quality of life (Quality of Life Inventory in Epilepsy, QOLIE-89)...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161630/active-epilepsy-prevalence-the-treatment-gap-and-treatment-gap-risk-profile-in-eastern-china-a-population-based-study
#12
Xiaoyan Ding, Yang Zheng, Yi Guo, Chunhong Shen, Shan Wang, Feng Chen, Shengqiang Yan, Meiping Ding
We measured the prevalence of active epilepsy and investigated the treatment gap and treatment gap risk profile in eastern China. This was a cross-sectional population-based survey conducted in Zhejiang, China, from October 2013 to March 2014. A total 54,976 people were selected using multi-stage cluster sampling. A two-stage questionnaire-based process was used to identify patients with active epilepsy and to record their demographic, socioeconomic, and epilepsy-related features. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze risk factors of the treatment gap in eastern China, as adjusted for age and sex...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161609/cancers-in-france-in-2015-attributable-to-high-body-mass-index
#13
Melina Arnold, Marina Touillaud, Laure Dossus, Heinz Freisling, Freddie Bray, Irène Margaritis, Valérie Deschamps, Isabelle Soerjomataram
BACKGROUND: Overweight, as defined by high body mass index (BMI), is an established risk factor for various morbidities including cancer. Globally, its prevalence has increased markedly over the past decades. The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion and number of cancers that were attributable to high BMI in France in 2015. METHODS: Population attributable fractions (PAFs) and numbers of cancer cases attributable to high BMI (a population mean BMI above the optimum of 22kg/m(2)) were estimated by age and sex, for cancer sites with convincing or probable evidence of an established causal link...
November 18, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161540/delirium-symptoms-are-associated-with-decline-in-cognitive-function-between-ages-53-and-69-years-findings-from-a-british-birth-cohort-study
#14
A Tsui, D Kuh, M Richards, D Davis
INTRODUCTION: Few population studies have investigated whether longitudinal decline after delirium in mid-to-late life might affect specific cognitive domains. METHODS: Participants from a birth cohort completing assessments of search speed, verbal memory, and the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination at age 69 were asked about delirium symptoms between ages 60 and 69 years. Linear regression models estimated associations between delirium symptoms and cognitive outcomes...
November 18, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161536/multiple-health-conditions-and-barriers-to-healthcare-among-older-australians-prevalence-reasons-and-types-of-barriers
#15
Jeromey B Temple, Ruth Williams
Accompanying population ageing is an increase in the number of older Australians living with multiple health conditions and disabilities (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2014). This study sought to examine the barriers to accessing healthcare faced by older Australians. Utilising the 2014 Australian Bureau of Statistics General Social Survey, it was found that 6% of respondents aged 50 years and over reported experiencing a barrier to accessing healthcare within the previous 12 months. Those with multiple health conditions are at a considerably higher risk of experiencing a barrier to healthcare (21% with four or more disabilities) compared with people with no or fewer health conditions, and this risk persists once wide-ranging control variables are included...
November 22, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161526/individualism-collectivism-social-self-control-and-adolescent-substance-use-and-risky-sexual-behavior
#16
Pallav Pokhrel, Brooke L Bennett, Sakshi Regmi, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Leila Akhmadeeva, Steve Sussman
Individualism and collectivism are cultural syndromes that have been associated with adolescent problem behavior in studies conducted in the U.S. and Southeast Asia. However, research investigating the mechanisms of how cultural orientation impacts health risk behaviors has been limited. This study tested a new model explaining the relationship between cultural orientation (i.e., individualism, collectivism) and adolescent problem behavior (i.e., substance use and risky sex) in terms of interpersonal self-regulation (i...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161523/does-acute-propranolol-treatment-prevent-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-in-children-with-burns
#17
Laura Rosenberg, Marta Rosenberg, Sherri Sharp, Christopher R Thomas, Helen F Humphries, Charles E Holzer, David N Herndon, Walter J Meyer
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether acute propranolol treatment prevented posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression in children hospitalized in the pediatric intensive care unit for large burns. We hypothesized that the prevalence of PTSD, anxiety, and depression would be significantly less in the propranolol than nonpropranolol groups. METHODS: Children who had previously participated in a randomized controlled clinical trial of acute propranolol and nonpropranolol controls were invited to participate in long-term follow-up interviews...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161522/development-of-a-measure-to-assess-parent-perceptions-of-barriers-to-child-weight-management
#18
Katherine E Darling, Amy F Sato, Manfred van Dulmen, Christopher Flessner, Geoffrey Putt
BACKGROUND: Families face many barriers related to creating or maintaining a healthy lifestyle, which likely contributes to the prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States; however, no measure currently exists to examine these barriers. This study developed a quantitative measure of parents' perceptions of barriers to family healthy lifestyle. METHODS: Parents of children between the ages of 7-17 were recruited using Amazon Mturk (n = 812). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and preliminary convergent validity analyses were conducted...
November 21, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161491/dengue-virus-detection-in-aedes-aegypti-larvae-and-pupae-collected-in-rural-areas-of-anapoima-cundinamarca-colombia
#19
Myriam Lucía Velandia-Romero, Víctor Alberto Olano, Carolina Coronel-Ruiz, Laura Cabezas, María Angélica Calderón-Peláez, Jaime Eduardo Castellanos, María Inés Matiz
INTRODUCTION: There is a high incidence and prevalence of dengue in the department of Cundinamarca, and recently Aedes aegypti, the main vector of dengue virus (DENV), was detected in some of its rural areas. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate viral transovarial transmission in larvae and pupae collected in rural areas of the municipality of Anapoima, Cundinamarca. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Live larvae and pupae were collected from 53 homes and later they were taken to the laboratory in Anapoima, where they were classified, pooled and frozen...
March 29, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161459/ageing-impairs-parasite-specific-antibody-responses-in-cystic-echinococcosis
#20
Gustavo Mourglia-Ettlin, Sebastián Miles, Ana Hernández, Sylvia Dematteis
Humoral immunity wanes during healthy ageing, increasing susceptibility to infections in the elderly. In this sense, information about parasite infections and human immunosenescence is scarce. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an infectious disease caused by the larval stage of the cestode parasite Echinococcus granulosus, whose prevalence in humans shows an increase with host age. Susceptibility to human CE has been associated with humoral immunity to some extent; and therefore, we have here analyzed the influence of host age on the serological profile of young, middle-aged, and aged patients...
November 21, 2017: Parasite Immunology
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