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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334727/apob-apoa-i-ratio-is-independently-associated-with-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-well-controlled-ldl-cholesterol-levels
#1
Ji Eun Jun, Young Ju Choi, Yong-Ho Lee, Dae Jung Kim, Seok Won Park, Byung Wook Huh, Eun Jig Lee, Sun-Ha Jee, Kyu Yeon Hur, Sung Hee Choi, Kap Bum Huh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate whether the apolipoprotein (Apo) B/ApoA-I ratio is associated with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects with low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels less than 100 mg/dL. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 845 subjects aged with T2DM 40 to 75 years who had visited Huh's Diabetes Center in Seoul, Republic of Korea for CIMT measurement. Traditional fasting lipid profiles, ApoB and ApoA-I levels were examined...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334719/-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-vaccination
#2
Z H He, Z Q Kou, A Q Xu
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is an infection that can be sexually transmitted and result in health consequences. Persistent high-risk HPV infection can lead to various cancers and is the essential cause of cervical cancer. HPV vaccine can prevent the HPV infection and thus the incidence of cervical cancer. In this review we introduced the prevalence of HPV infection and vaccination, and the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer. We also introduced the present knowledge and awareness of HPV infection and HPV vaccine in Chinese...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#3
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334713/-prevalence-and-influential-factors-of-stroke-in-jiangxi-province-in-2014
#4
W Zhou, B Zhang, X Huang, C J You, B M Zhan, R Q Yang, Y F Dong, J X Li, P Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, Q H Wu, H Su, H H Bao, X S Cheng
Objective: To discuss the prevalence and influential factors of stroke among population in Jiangxi Province. Methods: Four cities in urban areas and four counties in rural areas were selected firstly, in which two districts or townships were selected; and then three communities or villages were chosen from each district and township, respectively, using the simple random sampling (SRS) method. Finally 15 269 subjects aging 15 years old or above, living in Jiangxi Province ≥6 months were randomly selected to participate in this survey from November 2013 to August 2014...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334704/-status-and-related-factors-for-gestational-weight-gain-of-chinese-pregnant-women-during-2010-2012
#5
Y Bi, Y F Duan, J Wang, S Jiang, X H Pang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To examine the status and related factors for gestational weight gain of Chinese pregnant women at different trimesters in 2010-2012. Methods: Participants were from Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. Using a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, we recruited 2 805 singleton pregnant women with gestational age 13 weeks or more from 31 provinces of China. A standard questionnaire was used to collect general information and pre-pregnancy weight; body weight and height of pregnant women were measured using a unified weighing scale and stadiometer, dietary intake during the previous year was collected using a food frequency questionnaire...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334703/-the-influencing-factors-of-anemia-for-pregnant-women-between-2010-2012-in-china
#6
S Jiang, X H Pang, Y F Duan, Y Bi, J Wang, S A Yin, L C Yang, Z Y Yang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of anemia and related risk factors for pregnant women in China. Method: Based on Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance 2010-2012, a total of 3 501 pregnant women were investigated from 150 counties of 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China, using a multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method. General information of pregnant women, health status, and food intake during the gestation, was collected through a questionnaire investigation...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334702/-prevalence-of-calf-muscle-cramps-and-influencing-factors-for-pregnant-women-in-china-during-2010-2012
#7
Y F Duan, J Wang, S Jiang, Y Bi, X H Pang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of calf muscle cramps and possible influencing factors for pregnant women in China. Methods: Using a multi-stage stratified probability proportional to size cluster randomization sampling method during 2010-2012. A total of 3 582 pregnant women were investigated at 150 counties from 31 provinces in China mainland. Information on calf muscle cramps, demographic socio-economic status, pregnancy information, and the physical activities was collected through questionnaires...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334676/statins-in-the-treatment-of-copd-and-asthma-where-do-we-stand
#8
REVIEW
Jennifer Y So, Santosh Dhungana, Joanna J Beros, Gerard J Criner
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are the two most prevalent obstructive lung diseases that account for tremendous morbidity and mortality throughout the world. These diseases have strong inflammatory components, with multiple prior studies showing elevated levels of various inflammatory markers and cells in those with COPD and asthma. Therefore, efforts to target inflammation in management of these diseases are of great interest. Statins, which define a class of drugs that are HMG-CoA inhibitors, are used to decrease cholesterol levels and have also been described to have many pleotropic effects that include anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties...
January 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334642/examining-the-latent-structure-mechanisms-for-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Margo C Hurlocker, Desirae N Vidaurri, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Kelly Maieritsch, C Laurel Franklin
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric illness that can be difficult to diagnose, due in part to its comorbidity with major depressive disorder (MDD). Given that researchers have found no difference in prevalence rates of PTSD and MDD after accounting for overlapping symptoms, the latent structures of PTSD and MDD may account for the high comorbidity. In particular, the PTSD Negative Alterations in Cognition and Mood (NACM) and Hyperarousal factors have been characterized as non-specific to PTSD...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334606/the-association-of-acquired-t790m-mutation-with-clinical-characteristics-after-resistance-to-first-line-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#10
Yen-Hsiang Huang, Kuo-Hsuan Hsu, Jeng-Sen Tseng, Kun-Chieh Chen, Chia-Hung Hsu, Kang-Yi Su, Jeremy J W Chen, Huei-Wen Chen, Sung-Liang Yu, Tsung-Ying Yang, Gee-Chen Chang
Purpose: The main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship among the clinical characteristics and the frequency of T790M mutation in advanced epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients with acquired resistance after first-line EGFR‒tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. Materials and Methods: We enrolled EGFR-mutant stage IIIB-IV lung adenocarcinoma patients, who had progressed to prior EGFR-TKI therapy, and evaluated their rebiopsy EGFR mutation status...
January 4, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334542/medial-buttressing-in-orbital-blowout-fractures
#11
Sathyadeepak Ramesh, Christine Bokman, Hamzah Mustak, Christopher Lo, Robert Goldberg, Daniel Rootman
PURPOSE: To study whether ethmoidectomy predisposes the orbit to medial wall fracture with lesser trauma. METHODS: An interventional cadaver study of 5 heads (10 orbits); the left or right orbit was randomized to undergo endoscopic complete ethmoidectomy with the fellow orbit as control. Fractures were induced with direct globe trauma, and heads underwent CT scanning. Energy to induce fracture, peak orbital pressure at time of fracture, fracture pattern, and volume of herniated tissue were measured and analyzed...
January 12, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334524/leveraging-linkage-of-cohort-studies-with-administrative-claims-data-to-identify-individuals-with-cancer
#12
Mackenzie R Bronson, Nirav S Kapadia, Andrea M Austin, Qianfei Wang, Diane Feskanich, Julie P W Bynum, Francine Grodstein, Anna N A Tosteson
BACKGROUND: In an effort to overcome quality and cost constraints inherent in population-based research, diverse data sources are increasingly being combined. In this paper, we describe the performance of a Medicare claims-based incident cancer identification algorithm in comparison with observational cohort data from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS). METHODS: NHS-Medicare linked participants' claims data were analyzed using 4 versions of a cancer identification algorithm across 3 cancer sites (breast, colorectal, and lung)...
January 12, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334521/new-educational-model-to-promote-breast-cancer-preventive-behaviors-assists-development-and-first-evaluation
#13
Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Tahereh Pashaei, Rashin Alizadeh, Koen Ponnet
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of breast cancer in Iran has increased. An effective approach to decrease the burden of breast cancer is prevention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate an educational model, called the ASSISTS, for promoting breast cancer-preventive behaviors in women. METHODS: A multiphase method was used to develop the model designed to promote breast cancer prevention behaviors. A conceptual model was generated based on a secondary analysis of qualitative data...
January 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334514/monitoring-depression-rates-in-an-urban-community-use-of-electronic-health-records
#14
Arthur J Davidson, Stanley Xu, Carlos Irwin A Oronce, M Josh Durfee, Emily V McCormick, John F Steiner, Edward Havranek, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVES: Depression is the most common mental health disorder and mediates outcomes for many chronic diseases. Ability to accurately identify and monitor this condition, at the local level, is often limited to estimates from national surveys. This study sought to compare and validate electronic health record (EHR)-based depression surveillance with multiple data sources for more granular demographic subgroup and subcounty measurements. DESIGN/SETTING: A survey compared data sources for the ability to provide subcounty (eg, census tract [CT]) depression prevalence estimates...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334513/opioid-use-disorders-attributed-to-tramadol-among-egyptian-university-students
#15
Medhat M Bassiony, Mohamed Abdelghani, Ghada M Salah El-Deen, Mervat S Hassan, Hayam El-Gohari, Usama M Youssef
BACKGROUND: Tramadol use is an overwhelming problem in Egypt with tremendous medical and social consequences especially among youth. Use liability among Egyptian university students is underevaluated. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and associated correlates of tramadol use among students from Zagazig University, Egypt. METHODS: A cross-sectional study included a total of 1135 undergraduate students, from 10 colleges in Zagazig University. Participants were randomly selected and assessed for tramadol use using The Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) and The Drug Use Disorders Identification Test-Extended (DUDIT-E)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334499/cognitive-function-and-its-risk-factors-among-older-us-adults-living-at-home
#16
William Dale, Ashwin A Kotwal, Joseph W Shega, L Philip Schumm, David W Kern, Jayant M Pinto, Kelly M Pudelek, Linda J Waite, Martha K McClintock
BACKGROUND: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) has not been administered to a representative national sample, precluding comparison of patient scores to the general population and for risk factor identification. METHODS: A validated survey-based adaptation of the MoCA (MoCA-SA) was administered to a probability sample of home-dwelling US adults aged 62 to 90, using the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (n=3129), yielding estimates of prevalence in the United States...
January 12, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334498/evidence-based-interpretation-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-pet-results-a-clinician-s-tool
#17
David Bergeron, Rik Ossenkoppele, Robert Jr Laforce
BACKGROUND: Amyloid-β positron emission tomography (PET) allows for in vivo detection of fibrillar amyloid plaques, a pathologic hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, amyloid-β PET interpretation is limited by the imperfect correlation between PET and autopsy, and the fact that it is positive in about 20% to 30% of cognitively normal individuals and non-AD dementias, especially when older or carrying the ε4 allele of apolipoprotein E (ApoE4). When facing a positive amyloid PET, clinicians have to evaluate the probability of a pathologic false positive as well as the probability of amyloid positivity being age-related, comorbid to a primary non-AD dementia (clinicopathologic false positive)...
January 12, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334418/antimicrobial-and-stress-responses-to-increased-temperature-and-bacterial-pathogen-challenge-in-the-holobiont-of-a-reef-building-coral
#18
Jeroen A J M van de Water, Maryam Chaib De Mares, Groves B Dixon, Jean-Baptiste Raina, Bette L Willis, David G Bourne, Madeleine J H van Oppen
Global increases in coral disease prevalence have been linked to ocean warming through changes in coral-associated bacterial communities, pathogen virulence and immune system function. However, the interactive effects of temperature and pathogens on the coral holobiont are poorly understood. Here, we assessed three compartments of the holobiont (host, Symbiodinium, bacterial community) of the coral Montipora aequituberculata challenged with the pathogen Vibrio coralliilyticus and the commensal bacterium Oceanospirillales sp...
January 15, 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334329/predictive-value-of-metabolic-syndrome-definitions-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-with-st-segment-elevation-are-they-all-the-same
#19
Milan Branko Lovic, Lidija Savic, Dragan Matic, Dragan Djordjevic, Ivana Nedeljkovic, Ivan Tasic
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the predictive power of metabolic syndrome (MS) definitions on the prognosis in patients with myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation (STEMI). METHODS: We prospectively included 507 patients with STEMI who were admitted for primary percutaneous coronary intervention and could be identified for MS using the AHA-NHLBI, NCEP-ATP III and IDF definitions. After applying these criteria, we divided the group in patients with MS and without MS; we compared baseline characteristics, clinical findings and outcomes among these patients...
January 15, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334291/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hyperprolactinemia-among-patients-with-various-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medications
#20
Fahad D Alosaimi, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Mohammed Abalhassan, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Nasser Alzain, Bandar Alhaddad, Mohammed Z Alassiry
OBJECTIVES: Hyperprolactinemia is a common adverse event associated with psychotropic medications (mainly antipsychotics) used in the management of schizophrenia and bipolar disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hyperprolactinemia in psychiatric patients and to evaluate its association with various psychiatric diagnoses and the use of various psychotropic medications. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted between July 2012 and June 2014...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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