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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679952/injuries-to-cyclists-due-to-a-dog-bicycle-interaction
#1
Randall T Loder, Alan P Yaacoub
BACKGROUND:  Both dogs and bicycles are common in our society and thus a dog-bicycle interaction resulting in an injury to a cyclist is possible. It was the purpose of this study to investigate such injuries. METHODS:  The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data for the 10-year period from 2006 through 2015 associated with bicycles were accessed. Injuries involving dogs were identified and the mechanism of injury determined. Due to the stratified and weighted nature of the NEISS data, statistical analyses were performed with SUDAAN 10 software (RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States)...
April 21, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679942/radiocesium-concentrations-in-soil-and-leaf-after-decontamination-practices-in-a-forest-plantation-highly-polluted-by-the-fukushima-accident
#2
Manuel López-Vicente, Yuichi Onda, Junko Takahashi, Hiroaki Kato, Shinya Chayama, Keigo Hisadome
Owing to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident a vast amount of radiocesium was released polluting the land. Afterwards, a variety of decontamination practices has been done, reducing the ambient dose rates. In this study we evaluated the effectiveness of eight forest decontamination practices by means of monitoring the radiocesium (137 Cs) concentration in soil and leaf samples, and the daily discharge rates in ten plots during 27 months (May 2013-July 2015). A forest plantation located 16 km southwest to the FDNPP and within the exclusion area was selected...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679726/late-presenting-dural-tear-incidence-risk-factors-and-associated-complications
#3
Wesley M Durand, J Mason DePasse, Eren O Kuris, JaeWon Yang, Alan H Daniels
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Unrecognized and inadequately repaired intraoperative durotomies may lead to cerebrospinal fluid leak, pseudomeningocele, and other complications. Few studies have investigated durotomy that is unrecognized intraoperatively and requires additional postoperative management (hereafter, late-presenting dural tear [LPDT]), though estimates of LPDT range from 0.6 - 8.3 per 1,000 spinal surgeries. These single-center studies are based on relatively small sample sizes for an event of this rarity, all with <10 patients experiencing LPDT...
April 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679637/recent-stimulant-use-and-leukocyte-gene-expression-in-methamphetamine-users-with-treated-hiv-infection
#4
Adam W Carrico, Annesa Flentje, Kord Kober, Sulggi Lee, Peter Hunt, Elise D Riley, Steven Shoptaw, R N Elena Flowers, Samantha E Dilworth, Savita Pahwa, Bradley E Aouizerat
Stimulant use may accelerate HIV disease progression through biological and behavioral pathways. However, scant research with treated HIV-positive persons has examined stimulant-associated alterations in pathophysiologic processes relevant to HIV pathogenesis. In a sample of 55 HIV-positive, methamphetamine-using sexual minority men with a viral load less than 200 copies/mL, we conducted RNA sequencing to examine patterns of leukocyte gene expression in participants who had a urine sample that was reactive for stimulants (n = 27) as compared to those who tested non-reactive (n = 28)...
April 18, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679553/potential-diagnostic-role-of-circulating-mirnas-in-breast-cancer-implications-on-clinicopathological-characters
#5
Menha Swellam, Hekmat M El Magdoub, Naglaa M Hassan, Mona M Hefny, Mohamed Emam Sobeih
BACKGROUND: Circulating miRNAs are stable in body fluids and resembles their levels in cancer tissue/cells. They have been expressed in many cancers among them is breast cancer. Authors aimed to investigate the expression level of three circulating oncomiRNAs (miRNA-21, miRNA-222 and miRNA-373) in serum samples as a minimally non-invasive method for early detection of breast cancer, and study their relation with clinicopathological characters. METHODS: MiRNAs expression levels were determined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in serum samples from three groups: primary breast cancer patients (n = 137), benign breast lesion patients (n = 60), and healthy individuals as control group (n = 38)...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679427/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-peri-implant-and-kinesiograph-parameters-in-wearers-of-one-or-two-implant-mandibular-overdentures
#6
Vivian Barnabé Policastro, André Gustavo Paleari, Andressa Rosa Perin Leite, Danny Omar Mendoza-Marin, Ana Flávia Balestrero Cassiano, Luciana Machion Shaddox, Marco Antonio Compagnoni, Ana Carolina Pero
PURPOSE: The present randomized clinical trial compared the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), peri-implant parameters, mandible movements, and maxillary complete denture movement during chewing between wearers of single- (1-IOD) and wearers of two-implant overdentures (2-IODs) for a period of 12 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one complete denture wearers were randomly allocated into two parallel groups: 1-IOD (n = 11) or 2-IODs (n = 10). The validated Brazilian version of the OHIP-EDENT was used to evaluate the OHRQoL...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679418/family-involvement-in-rehabilitation-coronary-artery-disease-patients-perspectives
#7
Sonja Tuomisto, Meeri Koivula, Päivi Åstedt-Kurki, Mika Helminen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe CAD -patients' perceptions of family involvement in rehabilitation and the connection between background factors and family involvement. BACKGROUND: CAD-patients hospital stays can be very concise. Family members can support rehabilitation, but many challenges can emerge. There is a need to nurture patients and family members in an individual way and to recognize their concerns. More accurate patient education should be available for patients and their family members...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679367/a-systematic-review-of-the-quality-of-reporting-of-simulation-studies-about-methods-for-the-analysis-of-complex-longitudinal-patient-reported-outcomes-data
#8
REVIEW
Aynslie M Hinds, Tolulope T Sajobi, Véronique Sebille, Richard Sawatzky, Lisa M Lix
PURPOSE: This study describes the characteristics and quality of reporting for published computer simulation studies about statistical methods to analyze complex longitudinal (i.e., repeated measures) patient-reported outcomes (PROs); we included methods for longitudinal latent variable measurement and growth models and response shift. METHODS: Scopus, PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, and Social Science Citation Index were searched for English-language studies published between 1999 and 2016 using selected keywords...
April 20, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679302/association-of-abnormal-serum-potassium-levels-with-arrhythmias-and-cardiovascular-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#9
REVIEW
Liesa K Hoppe, Dana C Muhlack, Wolfgang Koenig, Prudence R Carr, Hermann Brenner, Ben Schöttker
PURPOSE: To provide the first systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies on the association of abnormal serum potassium and cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: Medline and ISI Web of Knowledge were systematically searched from inception until November 24, 2017. Data synthesis of relevant studies was performed using random effects model meta-analyses. RESULTS: Meta-analyses included 310,825 participants from 24 studies. In the older general population, low serum potassium was associated with a 1...
April 20, 2018: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679213/increased-unenhanced-bowel-wall-attenuation-a-specific-sign-of-bowel-necrosis-in-closed-loop-small-bowel-obstruction
#10
Camille Rondenet, Ingrid Millet, Lucie Corno, Isabelle Boulay-Coletta, Patrice Taourel, Marc Zins
OBJECTIVES: To identify computed tomography (CT) findings associated with bowel necrosis in patients with surgically confirmed strangulating closed-loop small-bowel obstruction (CL-SBO) due to adhesions or internal hernia. METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review board, and informed consent was waived. To identify CT signs of bowel necrosis, two gastrointestinal radiologists performed blinded, independent, retrospective reviews of 41 CT studies from consecutive patients who had CL-SBO due to adhesions or internal hernias and who underwent surgery within 48 h...
April 20, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678990/chemoattractant-receptor-homologous-molecule-expressed-on-th2-cells-crth2-antagonists-in-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#11
Wei Liu, Jie Min, Hongli Jiang, Bing Mao
INTRODUCTION: More than 20 orally bioavailable chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells (CRTH2) antagonists have moved forward to clinical development in recent years for the treatment of asthma. However, evidence from individual randomised controlled trials (RCTs) has demonstrated inconsistent results in their efficacy and safety. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Global Index Medicus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Scopus will be searched from inception to 30 December 2017 for eligible RCTs, with additional studies being identified by manual searches...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678454/top-100-cited-articles-on-radiation-exposure-in-medical-imaging-a-bibliometric-analysis
#12
Jason Kinnin, Tarek N Hanna, Marc Jutras, Babar Hasan, Rick Bhatia, Faisal Khosa
BACKGROUND: Bibliometric analyses by highest number of citations can help researchers and funding agencies in determining the most influential articles in a field. The main objective of this analysis was to identify the top 100 cited articles addressing radiation exposure from medical imaging and assess their characteristics. METHODS: Relevant articles were extracted from the Scopus database after a systematic search by researchers using an iteratively defined Boolean search string...
March 20, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678370/the-response-of-the-central-and-peripheral-tremor-component-to-octanoic-acid-in-patients-with-essential-tremor
#13
Hongmei Cao, Johanna Thompson-Westra, Mark Hallett, Dietrich Haubenberger
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of octanoic acid (OA) on the peripheral component of tremor, as well as OA's differential effects on the central and peripheral tremor component in essential tremor (ET) patients. METHODS: We analyzed postural tremor accelerometry data from a double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over study evaluating the effect of 4 mg/kg OA in ET. The weighted condition was used to identify tremor power for both the central and peripheral tremor components...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678317/elective-surgery-cancellations-during-the-time-between-scheduling-and-operation
#14
Elina Turunen, Merja Miettinen, Leena Setälä, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen
PURPOSE: Surgery cancellations cause harm to patients, extra work for preoperative staff, and financial loss for organizations. Day of surgery cancellations are a widely used indicator for operative effectiveness, but there is a lack of knowledge concerning the effects of cancellations during earlier stages of a patient's preoperative waiting period. The purpose of this study was to measure the reasons, frequencies, and timing of elective surgery cancellations after scheduling. DESIGN: Qualitative prospective follow-up study...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678151/analysis-of-human-es-cell-differentiation-establishes-that-the-dominant-isoforms-of-the-lncrnas-rmst-and-firre-are-circular
#15
Osagie G Izuogu, Abd A Alhasan, Carla Mellough, Joseph Collin, Richard Gallon, Jonathon Hyslop, Francesco K Mastrorosa, Ingrid Ehrmann, Majlinda Lako, David J Elliott, Mauro Santibanez-Koref, Michael S Jackson
BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are predominantly derived from protein coding genes, and some can act as microRNA sponges or transcriptional regulators. Changes in circRNA levels have been identified during human development which may be functionally important, but lineage-specific analyses are currently lacking. To address this, we performed RNAseq analysis of human embryonic stem (ES) cells differentiated for 90 days towards 3D laminated retina. RESULTS: A transcriptome-wide increase in circRNA expression, size, and exon count was observed, with circRNA levels reaching a plateau by day 45...
April 20, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678127/a-health-economic-model-to-assess-the-cost-effectiveness-of-optifast-%C3%A2-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-usa
#16
Mark Nuijten, Agnieszka Marczewska, Krysmaru Araujo Torress, Bahareh Rasouli, Moreno Perugini
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is associated with high direct medical costs and indirect costs resulting from productivity loss. High prevalence of obesity generates a justified need to identify cost-effective weight loss approaches from a payer's perspective. Within the variety of weight management techniques, OPTIFAST® is a clinically recognized and scientifically proven total meal replacement Low Calorie Diet that provides meaningful results in terms of weight loss and reduction in comorbidities...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678109/two-dimensional-liquid-chromatography-analysis-of-polystyrene-polybutadiene-block-copolymers
#17
Sanghoon Lee, Heejae Choi, Taihyun Chang, Bastiaan B P Staal
A detailed characterization of a commercial polystyrene/polybutadiene block copolymer material (StyroluxTM) was carried out using two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2D-LC). The Styrolux is prepared by statistical linking reaction of two different polystyrene-block-polybutadienyl anion precursors with a multivalent linking agent. Therefore, it is a mixture of a number of branched block copolymers different in molecular weight, composition and chain architecture. While individual LC analysis including size exclusion chromatography, interaction chromatography or liquid chromatography at critical condition is not good enough to resolve all the polymer species, 2D-LC separations coupling two chromatography methods were able to resolve all polymer species present in the sample; at least 13 block copolymer species and a homo-polystyrene blended...
April 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678090/a-system-for-supporting-development-and-update-of-the-international-classification-of-health-interventions-ichi
#18
Marc Donada, Vincenzo Della Mea, Megan Cumerlato, Nicole Rankin, Richard Madden
The International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI) is a member of the WHO Family of International Classifications, being developed to provide a common tool for reporting and analysing health interventions for statistical purposes. A web-based platform for classification development and update has been specifically developed to support the initial development step and then, after final approval, the continuous revision and update of the classification. The platform provides features for classification editing, versioning, comment management and URI identifiers...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677983/the-importance-of-data-quality-and-context-information-in-indicator-production-proof-of-concept-in-a-metropolitan-paediatric-emergency-department
#19
João Viana, Almeida Santos, Alberto Freitas
In the Paediatric emergency department scenario there were considerable efforts developing indicators over the past decade, specially referring to process, e.g. timeliness. Nevertheless, to fully characterize quality in Paediatric emergency department, indicators are developed but require further assessment and a more complete validation. This paper's aim is to emphasise the importance of data quality, data cleaning and the indicator choice in indicator production. The dataset provided for this analysis is from the São João Hospital Centre's information system and is composed by records of all the visits to the paediatrics emergency department from the 1st of January of 2014 to the 31st of December 2016...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677919/from-data-extraction-to-analysis-proposal-of-a-methodology-to-optimize-hospital-data-reuse-process
#20
Antoine Lamer, Grégoire Ficheur, Louis Rousselet, Marine van Berleere, Emmanuel Chazard, Alexandre Caron
In the Lille University Hospital (North of France), data from the Anesthesia Information Management System (Diane® are linked to the Hospital Information System and stored in a dedicated data warehouse since 2010. These electronic medical records need to be reused and analyzed for observational studies. The aim of this paper is to describe the framework developed to structure the operation of that anesthesia data warehouse for research purposes. The presented framework is structured around three meetings between clinicians, computer scientists, and statisticians...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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