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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346552/incorporation-of-vanadium-into-the-framework-of-hydroxyapatites-importance-of-the-vanadium-content-and-ph-conditions-during-the-precipitation-step
#1
Sarah Petit, Thrimurthulu Gode, Cyril Thomas, Stanislaw Dzwigaj, Yannick Millot, Dalil Brouri, Jean-Marc Krafft, Gwenaelle Rousse, Christel Laberty-Robert, Guylène Costentin
Even though vanadium-modified hydroxyapatite (V-HAp) samples are very promising systems for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane, the incorporation of vanadium into the hydroxyapatite framework was reported to be limited and to lead to over-stoichiometric compounds. Here, the synthesis of a Ca10(PO4)6-x(VO4)x(OH)2 stoichiometric solid solution using a co-precipitation method is monitored in the whole composition range (0 ≤ x ≤ 6) by controlling the pH of the precipitation medium, with continuous (the first series of samples) or periodic (the second series of samples) addition of NH4OH during the precipitation step or during the maturation step, respectively...
March 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342047/blood-toxic-metals-and-hemoglobin-levels-in-mexican-children
#2
Guadalupe López-Rodríguez, Marcos Galván, Marco González-Unzaga, Juan Hernández Ávila, M Pérez-Labra
Metal toxicity can cause hematologic abnormalities and hemolysis. To evaluate the relationship of anemia with metal contamination in children, the following elements were quantified in dry blood: silicon, chromium, lead, titanium, vanadium, nickel, arsenic, manganese, and cadmium. A total of 88 samples of anemic children and 208 of non-anemic children aged 6-12 years were analyzed. Lead (35.1%), chromium (24.3%), vanadium (24.3%), nickel (45.6%), and silicon (48.6%) were identified in the samples, with titanium only detected in anemic children...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340772/vanadium-doped-tin-oxide-porous-nanofibers-enhanced-responsivity-for-hydrogen-detection
#3
Xiuru Xu, Min Yin, Na Li, Wei Wang, Bolun Sun, Ming Liu, Dongwei Zhang, Zhenyu Li, Ce Wang
Vanadium (V)-doped tin oxide (SnO2) one-dimensional porous nanofibers (PNFs) were fabricated for the hydrogen detection application. V-doping changes the distances of different facets of the SnO2 crystal in different roles, and therefore deform or distort the SnO2 structure. The modulation effects of V(4+) and V(5+) on hydrogen detecting performance were discussed. With a suitable amount of V-doping, the porous SnO2 nanofibers exhibits ~66% increase of response sensitivity, 33% faster in response (2s) and 50% faster in recovery time (1s), comparing with undoped SnO2 nanofibers...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336970/a-steep-slope-transistor-combining-phase-change-and-band-to-band-tunneling-to-achieve-a-sub-unity-body-factor
#4
Wolfgang A Vitale, Emanuele A Casu, Arnab Biswas, Teodor Rosca, Cem Alper, Anna Krammer, Gia V Luong, Qing-T Zhao, Siegfried Mantl, Andreas Schüler, A M Ionescu
Steep-slope transistors allow to scale down the supply voltage and the energy per computed bit of information as compared to conventional field-effect transistors (FETs), due to their sub-60 mV/decade subthreshold swing at room temperature. Currently pursued approaches to achieve such a subthermionic subthreshold swing consist in alternative carrier injection mechanisms, like quantum mechanical band-to-band tunneling (BTBT) in Tunnel FETs or abrupt phase-change in metal-insulator transition (MIT) devices...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335545/reference-values-of-14-serum-trace-elements-for-pregnant-chinese-women-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-china-nutrition-and-health-survey-2010-2012
#5
Xiaobing Liu, Yu Zhang, Jianhua Piao, Deqian Mao, Yajie Li, Weidong Li, Lichen Yang, Xiaoguang Yang
The development of reference values of trace elements is recognized as a fundamental prerequisite for the assessment of trace element nutritional status and health risks. In this study, a total of 1400 pregnant women aged 27.0 ± 4.5 years were randomly selected from the China Nutrition and Health Survey 2010-2012 (CNHS 2010-2012). The concentrations of 14 serum trace elements were determined by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Reference values were calculated covering the central 95% reference intervals (P2...
March 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335268/optoelectronic-and-electrochemical-properties-of-vanadium-pentoxide-nanowires-synthesized-by-vapor-solid-process
#6
Ko-Ying Pan, Da-Hua Wei
Substantial synthetic vanadium pentoxide (V₂O₅) nanowires were successfully produced by a vapor-solid (VS) method of thermal evaporation without using precursors as nucleation sites for single crystalline V₂O₅ nanowires with a (110) growth plane. The micromorphology and microstructure of V₂O₅ nanowires were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscope (EDS), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The spiral growth mechanism of V₂O₅ nanowires in the VS process is proved by a TEM image...
July 29, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332167/controlled-release-of-vanadium-from-a-composite-scaffold-stimulates-mesenchymal-stem-cell-osteochondrogenesis
#7
S D Schussler, K Uske, P Marwah, F W Kemp, J D Bogden, S S Lin, Treena Livingston Arinzeh
Large bone defects often require the use of autograft, allograft, or synthetic bone graft augmentation; however, these treatments can result in delayed osseous integration. A tissue engineering strategy would be the use of a scaffold that could promote the normal fracture healing process of endochondral ossification, where an intermediate cartilage phase is later transformed to bone. This study investigated vanadyl acetylacetonate (VAC), an insulin mimetic, combined with a fibrous composite scaffold, consisting of polycaprolactone with nanoparticles of hydroxyapatite and beta-tricalcium phosphate, as a potential bone tissue engineering scaffold...
March 22, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330267/treatment-of-landfill-leachate-using-asbr-combined-with-zeolite-adsorption-technology
#8
Chi Kim Lim, Ta Wee Seow, Chin Hong Neoh, Muhamad Hanif Md Nor, Zaharah Ibrahim, Ismail Ware, Siti Hajar Mat Sarip
Sanitary landfilling is the most common way to dispose solid urban waste; however, improper landfill management may pose serious environmental threats through discharge of high strength polluted wastewater also known as leachate. The treatment of landfill leachate to fully reduce the negative impact on the environment, is nowadays a challenge. In this study, an aerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR) was proposed for the treatment of locally obtained real landfill leachate with initial ammoniacal nitrogen and chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration of 1800 and 3200 mg/L, respectively...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327708/facile-embedding-of-single-vanadium-atoms-at-the-anatase-tio2-101-surface
#9
Stig Koust, Logi Arnarson, Poul G Moses, Zheshen Li, Igor Beinik, Jeppe V Lauritsen, Stefan Wendt
To understand the structure-reactivity relationships for mixed-metal oxide catalysts, well-defined systems are required. Mixtures of vanadia and titania (TiO2) are of particular interest for application in heterogeneous catalysis, with TiO2 often acting as the support. By utilizing high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy, we studied the interaction of vanadium (V) with the anatase TiO2(101) surface in the sub-monolayer regime. At 80 K, metallic V nucleates into homogeneously distributed clusters onto the terraces with no preference for nucleation at the step edges...
March 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300185/inorganic-photocatalytic-enhancement-activated-rhb-photodegradation-by-surface-modification-of-sno2-nanocrystals-with-v2o5-like-species
#10
Mauro Epifani, Saulius Kaciulis, Alessio Mezzi, Davide Altamura, Cinzia Giannini, Raül Díaz, Carmen Force, Aziz Genç, Jordi Arbiol, Pietro Siciliano, Elisabetta Comini, Isabella Concina
SnO2 nanocrystals were prepared by precipitation in dodecylamine at 100 °C, then they were reacted with vanadium chloromethoxide in oleic acid at 250 °C. The resulting materials were heat-treated at various temperatures up to 650 °C for thermal stabilization, chemical purification and for studying the overall structural transformations. From the crossed use of various characterization techniques, it emerged that the as-prepared materials were constituted by cassiterite SnO2 nanocrystals with a surface modified by isolated V(IV) oxide species...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287220/a-nav3-po4-3-c-hierarchical-nanofiber-in-high-alignment-exploring-a-novel-high-performance-anode-for-aqueous-rechargeable-sodium-batteries
#11
Linlin Ke, Jing Dong, Bo Lin, Tiantian Yu, Huifeng Wang, Sen Zhang, Chao Deng
The development of aqueous rechargeable sodium batteries (ARSBs) demands high-performance electrode materials, especially anode materials with low operating potential and competent electrochemical properties. The lithium/sodium vanadium phosphate family with good structural stability and abundant vanadium chemistry versatility is a promising series for energy storage applications. Herein, a new member in the sodium vanadium phosphate family, i.e. NaV3(PO4)3, is introduced as a novel anode candidate for ARSBs...
March 13, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284158/synthesis-spectroscopic-dft-and-in-vitro-biological-studies-of-vanadium-iii-complexes-of-aryldithiocarbonates
#12
Savit Andotra, Sandeep Kumar, Mandeep Kour, Vikas, Chayawan, Vishal Sharma, Sundeep Jaglan, Sushil K Pandey
Vanadium(III) tris(dithiocarbonates), [(ROCS2)3V] (R=o-, m-, p-CH3C6H4 and 4-Cl-3-CH3C6H3) and donor stabilized addition complexes [(ROCS2)2V(Cl)·L] [L=NC5H5 or P(C6H5)3] were synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR, mass, TGA/DTA, SEM magnetic susceptibility and heteronuclear NMR ((1)H, (13)C and (31)P) spectroscopic studies. The cytotoxicity of the complexes was measured in vitro using the cultivated human cell lines. In addition, the antioxidant activities of the ligands and its vanadium complexes were also investigated through their scavenging effect on DPPH radicals...
March 6, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282196/charge-order-induced-ferroelectricity-in-lavo_-3-srvo_-3-superlattices
#13
Se Young Park, Anil Kumar, Karin M Rabe
The structure and properties of the 1∶1 superlattice of LaVO_{3} and SrVO_{3} are investigated with a first-principles density-functional-theory-plus-U (DFT+U) method. The lowest energy states are antiferromagnetic charge-ordered Mott-insulating phases. In one of these insulating phases, layered charge ordering combines with the layered La/Sr cation ordering to produce a polar structure with a large nonzero spontaneous polarization normal to the interfaces. This polarization, comparable to that of conventional ferroelectrics, is produced by electron transfer between the V^{3+} and V^{4+} layers...
February 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282094/enhanced-hydrogen-adsorption-on-graphene-by-manganese-and-manganese-vanadium-alloy-decoration
#14
P Pei, M B Whitwick, W L Sun, G Quan, M Cannon, E Kjeang
In this work, two kinds of novel manganese decorated (G + Mn) and manganese-vanadium co-decorated (G + MnV) graphene composites are synthesized by in situ wet chemical reduction, and their hydrogen storage properties and microstructures are characterized by Sievert-type adsorption apparatus, BET, SEM, TEM/STEM, EDX and EELS. Compared with pristine graphene, Mn decoration marginally increases the hydrogen adsorption capacity of graphene at room temperature and 4 MPa hydrogen pressure from 0.25 wt% to 0.36 wt%...
March 10, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281410/overcoming-peak-overlaps-in-titanium-and-vanadium-bearing-materials-with-multiple-linear-least-squares-fitting
#15
Michael Mengason, Nicholas Ritchie
The evolution of the energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) from the lithium-drifted silicon detector [Si(Li)] to the silicon drift detector (SDD) has created new opportunities in the field of electron probe X-ray microanalysis. The SDD permits operation at significantly higher count rates than the Si(Li) and also provides a more stable energy scale. X-ray spectra captured by EDS can now be analyzed qualitatively or quantitatively under the same beam conditions as used for wavelength dispersive spectrometry (WDS)...
March 10, 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278681/in-vitro-assessment-of-the-indirect-antioxidant-activity-of-sulforaphane-in-redox-imbalance-vanadium-induced
#16
Giuseppa Visalli, Alessio Facciolà, Maria Paola Bertuccio, Isa Picerno, Angela Di Pietro
Owing to sulforaphane presence, a dietary consumption of Brassicaceae prevents chronic diseases. This hormetic compound induces adaptive stress response at subtoxic doses, while doses that exceed the cellular defence are toxic. In HepG2, Caco-2 and Vero cells, we investigated the sulforaphane (SFN) (5 μM) role in counteracting redox imbalance induced by VOSO4 [V(IV)]. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) test showed a dose-dependent viability reduction (r < -0.95; p < 0...
February 8, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276196/preparation-and-characterization-of-alloys-of-the-ti-15mo-nb-system-for-biomedical-applications
#17
J R S Martins Júnior, A A Matos, R C Oliveira, M A R Buzalaf, I Costa, L A Rocha, C R Grandini
In the development of new metallic biomaterials, the Ti-15Mo alloy has great prominence because of its excellent corrosion resistance and good combination of mechanical properties. In this study, the element niobium was added to the Ti-15Mo alloy, forming the Ti-15Mo-Nb system for the purpose of improving their properties and promoting its application as a biomaterial. These alloys are very promising to use as biomedical implants, because they integrate a new class of titanium alloys without the presence of aluminum and vanadium, which may cause cytotoxic effects...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275931/the-concentration-of-vanadium-in-pathologically-altered-human-kidneys
#18
Aleksandra Wilk, Barbara Wiszniewska, Dagmara Szypulska-Koziarska, Paulina Kaczmarek, Maciej Romanowski, Jacek Różański, Marcin Słojewski, Kazimierz Ciechanowski, Małgorzata Marchelek-Myśliwiec, Elżbieta Kalisińska
Vanadium has a unique and beneficial effect on both humans and animal organisms; however, excessive amount of the above-mentioned metal can cause many alterations in tissues and organs, including the kidneys. The aim of the study was to determine the concentration of vanadium (V) in the kidneys removed from patients due to lesions of various etiologies, including the rejection of the transplanted kidneys. Additionally, we determined the influence of selected biological and environmental factors on the V concentration...
March 9, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273570/novel-geochemistry-inspired-method-for-the-deep-removal-of-vanadium-from-molybdate-solution
#19
Jialiang Zhang, Yuping Deng, Qiuyue Zhou, Peixin Qin, Yubo Liu, Chengyan Wang
Separation of vanadium from molybdates is an essential task for processing the leaching solution of hazardous spent hydrodesulphurization (HDS) catalyst. In this study, the difference in the main naturally occurring mineral forms of Mo and V inspired us to develop a method for the deep removal of V from molybdate solution using Fe3O4 as an adsorbent. First, the adsorbent was synthesized with coprecipitation method, and then it was characterized by XRD, TEM, and VSM. The synthesized material consisted of pure Fe3O4 nanoparticles that exhibited paramagnetic property, with a saturated magnetization of 68...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271119/molecular-layer-deposition-of-vanadicone-a-vanadium-based-hybrid-material-as-an-electrode-for-lithium-ion-batteries
#20
Kevin Van de Kerckhove, Felix Mattelaer, Jolien Dendooven, Christophe Detavernier
Molecular layer deposition (MLD) of hybrid organic-inorganic thin films called "vanadicones" was investigated using tetrakisethylmethylaminovanadium (TEMAV) as the metal precursor and glycerol (GL) or ethylene glycol (EG) as the organic reactant. Linear and continued growth could only be achieved with GL as the organic reactant. The TEMAV/GL process displayed self-limiting reactions for both precursor and reactant pulses in the temperature range from 80 °C to 180 °C, with growth rates of 1.2 to 0.5 Å per cycle, respectively...
March 8, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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