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Aurélien Henry, Peter Hesemann, Johan G Alauzun, Bruno Boury
MxOy and MxOy/C composites (M=V, Fe and W) were obtained by mineralization of cellulose with several metal chlorides. Cellulose was used both as a templating agent and as an oxygen and a carbon source. Soluble chloride molecules (VOCl3 and WCl6) and a poorly soluble ionic chloride compound (FeCl3) were chosen as metal oxide precursors. In a first time, primary metal oxide/cellulose composites were obtained via a thermal treatment by reacting urea impregnated filter paper with the corresponding metal chlorides in an autoclave at 150°C after 3days...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Yuyan Chen, Liang Cheng, Ziliang Dong, Yu Chao, Huali Lei, He Zhao, Jian Wang, Zhuang Liu
Multifunctional biodegradable inorganic theranostic nano-agents are of great interests to the field of nanomedicine. Herein, VS2 nanosheets upon lipid modification could be converted into ultra-small VS2 nanodots encapsulated inside polyethylene glycol (PEG) modified lipid micelles. Owing to the paramagnetic property, high near-infrared (NIR) absorbance, and chelator-free 99mTc4+ labeling of VS2, such VS2@lipid-PEG nanoparticles could be used for T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR), photoacoustic (PA),and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) tri-modal imaging guided photothermal ablation of tumors...
August 16, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Vadym V Kulish, Daniel Koch, Sergei Manzhos
Vanadium oxides are among the most promising materials that can be used as electrodes in rechargeable metal-ion batteries. In this work, we systematically investigate thermodynamic, electronic, and kinetic properties associated with the insertion of Li, Mg and Al atoms into rutile VO2. Using first-principles calculations, we systematically study the structural evolution and voltage curves of LixVO2, MgxVO2 and AlxVO2 (0 < x < 1) compounds. The calculated lithium intercalation voltage starts at 3.50 V for single-atom insertion and decreases to 2...
August 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
S M Perren, P Regazzoni, A A Fernandez
BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF STEEL AND TITANIUM AS IMPLANT MATERIAL IN ORTHOPEDIC TRAUMA SURGERY The following case from the ICUC database, where a titanium plate was implanted into a flourishing infection, represents the clinical experience leading to preferring titanium over steel. (Fig. 1) (6). Current opinions regarding biological aspects of implant function. The "street" opinions regarding the biological aspects of the use of steel versus titanium as a surgical trauma implant material differ widely. Statements of opinion leaders range from "I do not see any difference in the biological behavior between steel and titanium in clinical application" to "I successfully use titanium implants in infected areas in a situation where steel would act as foreign body "sustaining" infection...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Ifukibot Levi Usende, Benjamin O Emikpe, James Olukayode Olopade
An assessment of the concentration of heavy metals in the liver, brain, kidney, bone, and lungs of African giant rats (AGRs) from three agro-ecological zones of Nigeria having different industrial activities was carried out using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Twenty adult AGRs from cities in mangrove/freshwater swamp, rainforest, and woodland/tall grass savanna agro-ecological zones of Nigeria were used for this study. AGRs were euthanized, carefully dissected, and the brains, liver, lungs, bone, and kidneys were harvested, digested, and analyzed for concentrations of vanadium (V), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), copper (Cu), and iron (Fe)...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Zhepeng Zhang, Jingjing Niu, Pengfei Yang, Yue Gong, Qingqing Ji, Jianping Shi, Qiyi Fang, Shaolong Jiang, He Li, Xiebo Zhou, Lin Gu, Xiaosong Wu, Yanfeng Zhang
2D metallic transition-metal dichalcogenides (MTMDs) have recently emerged as a new class of materials for the engineering of novel electronic phases, 2D superconductors, magnets, as well as novel electronic applications. However, the mechanical exfoliation route is predominantly used to obtain such metallic 2D flakes, but the batch production remains challenging. Herein, the van der Waals epitaxial growth of monocrystalline, 1T-phase, few-layer metallic VSe2 nanosheets on an atomically flat mica substrate via a "one-step" chemical vapor deposition method is reported...
August 14, 2017: Advanced Materials
Ghada O Alrabeah, Peter Brett, Jonathan C Knowles, Haralampos Petridis
OBJECTIVES: The etiology of the reduced marginal bone loss observed around platform-switched implant-abutment connections is not clear but could be related to the release of variable amounts of corrosion products. The present study evaluated the effect of different concentrations of metal ions released from different implant abutment couples on osteoblastic cell viability, apoptosis and expression of genes related to bone resorption. METHODS: Osteoblastic cells were exposed to five conditions of culture media prepared containing metal ions (titanium, aluminum, vanadium, cobalt, chromium and molybdenum) in different concentrations representing the amounts released from platform-matched and platform-switched implant-abutment couples as a result of an earlier accelerated corrosion experiment...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Lijun He, Heng Zhang, Huanhuan Fan, Xiuming Jiang, Wenjie Zhao, Guo Qiang Xiang
Herein, we propose a simple and effective strategy for designing a ratiometric fluorescent nanosensor. We designed and developed a carbon dots (CDs) based dual-emission nanosensor for vanadium(V) by coating the surface of dye-doped silica nanoparticles with CDs. The fluorescence of dual-emission silica nanoparticles was quenched in acetic acid through potassium bromate (KBrO3) oxidation. V(V) could catalyze KBrO3 oxidation reaction process, resulting in the ratiometric fluorescence quenching of dual-emission silica nanoparticles...
August 4, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Kehinde D Oyeyemi, Ahzegbobor P Aizebeokhai, Hilary I Okagbue
The dataset for this article contains geostatistical analysis of heavy metals contamination from limestone samples collected from Ewekoro Formation in the eastern Dahomey basin, Ogun State Nigeria. The samples were manually collected and analysed using Microwave Plasma Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (MPAS). Analysis of the twenty different samples showed different levels of heavy metals concentration. The analysed nine elements are Arsenic, Mercury, Cadmium, Cobalt, Chromium, Nickel, Lead, Vanadium and Zinc...
October 2017: Data in Brief
Oluwabusayo R Folarin, Amanda M Snyder, Douglas G Peters, Funmilayo Olopade, James R Connor, James O Olopade
Vanadium is a potentially toxic environmental pollutant and induces oxidative damage in biological systems including the central nervous system (CNS). Its deposition in brain tissue may be involved in the pathogenesis of certain neurological disorders which after prolonged exposure can culminate into more severe pathology. Most studies on vanadium neurotoxicity have been done after acute exposure but in reality some populations are exposed for a lifetime. This work was designed to ascertain neurodegenerative consequences of chronic vanadium administration and to investigate the progressive changes in the brain after withdrawal from vanadium treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Jinyan Yang, Mei Wang, Yanbo Jia, Min Gou, Josef Zeyer
Vanadium(V) is present in trace amounts in most plants and widely distributed in soils. However, the environmental toxicity of V compound in soils is controversial. A greenhouse study with soybean from germination to bean production under exposure to pentavalent V [V(V)] was conducted to elucidate the interaction of plants and V fractions in soils and to evaluate the toxicity of V at different plant growth stages. Soybean growth has no effect on non-specific-bond and specific-bond fractions of V in soils, but V fractionation occurred in more extraction-resistant phases at high V concentrations...
August 4, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Xiufeng Han, Xinwei Lu, Yongfu Wu
The contamination characteristics and health risk of barium (Ba), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), vanadium (V), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), mercury (Hg), and cadmium (Cd) in samples of dust gathered from squares and parks of Baotou city, an industrial city situated in a semi-arid location of the northwest China were investigated. The contents of Ba, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, V, Pb, and Zn in the collected dust samples were determined using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, while the contents of As and Hg in the dust were investigated by use of the ICP-MS...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Shahin Homaeigohar, Ahnaf Usman Zillohu, Ramzy Abdelaziz, Mehdi Keshavarz Hedayati, Mady Elbahri
In this study, we devised a novel nanofibrous adsorbent made of polyethersulfone (PES) for removal of methylene blue (MB) dye pollutant from water. The polymer shows a low isoelectric point thus at elevated pHs and, being nanofibrous, can offer a huge highly hydroxylated surface area for adsorption of cationic MB molecules. As an extra challenge, to augment the adsorbent's properties in terms of adsorption capacity in neutral and acidic conditions and thermal stability, vanadium pentoxide (V₂O₅) nanoparticles were added to the nanofibers...
October 19, 2016: Materials
Andrea Pietro Reverberi, Marco Salerno, Simone Lauciello, Bruno Fabiano
Copper nanoparticles have been synthesized in ethylene glycol (EG) using copper sulphate as a precursor and vanadium sulfate as an atypical reductant being active at room temperature. We have described a technique for a relatively simple preparation of such a reagent, which has been electrolytically produced without using standard procedures requiring an inert atmosphere and a mercury cathode. Several stabilizing agents have been tested and cationic capping agents have been discarded owing to the formation of complex compounds with copper ions leading to insoluble phases contaminating the metallic nanoparticles...
September 29, 2016: Materials
Tzu Hsuan Chiang, Tso-Ming Chen
The study investigated photocatalytic water splitting for O₂ production under visible light irradiation using neodymium vanadium oxide (NdVO₄) and vanadium oxide (V₂O₅) hybrid powders. The results in a sacrificial agent of 0.01 M AgNO₃ solution were obtained, and the highest photocatalytic O₂ evolution was 2.63 μmol/h, when the hybrid powders were prepared by mixing Nd and V at a volume ratio of 1:3 at a calcination temperature of 350 °C for 1 h. The hybrid powders were synthesized by neodymium nitrate and ammonium metavanadate using the glycothermal method in ethylene glycol at 120 °C for 1 h...
March 23, 2017: Materials
Dong Zhang, Hong-Jun Sun, Min-Huan Wang, Li-Hua Miao, Hong-Zhu Liu, Yu-Zhi Zhang, Ji-Ming Bian
Vanadium dioxide (VO₂) thermochromic thin films with various thicknesses were grown on quartz glass substrates by radio frequency (RF)-plasma assisted oxide molecular beam epitaxy (O-MBE). The crystal structure, morphology and chemical stoichiometry were investigated systemically by X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. An excellent reversible metal-to-insulator transition (MIT) characteristics accompanied by an abrupt change in both electrical resistivity and optical infrared (IR) transmittance was observed from the optimized sample...
March 19, 2017: Materials
Onruthai Srirodpai, Jatuphorn Wootthikanokkhan, Saiwan Nawalertpanya, Kitti Yuwawech, Vissanu Meeyoo
Thermochromic films based on vanadium dioxide (VO₂)/ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA) composite were developed. The monoclinic VO₂ particles was firstly prepared via hydrothermal and calcination processes. The effects of hydrothermal time and tungsten doping agent on crystal structure and morphology of the calcined metal oxides were reported. After that, 1 wt % of the prepared VO₂ powder was mixed with EVA compound, using two different mixing processes. It was found that mechanical properties of the EVA/VO₂ films prepared by the melt process were superior to those of which prepared by the solution process...
January 11, 2017: Materials
Yining Ma, Huaijuan Zhou, Shuming Zhang, Sui Gu, Xun Cao, Shanhu Bao, Heliang Yao, Shidong Ji, Ping Jin
δ-Ca0.24V2O5·H2O nanorods, a straczekite group mineral with an open double-layered structure, have been successfully fabricated by a facile hydrothermal method and can be transformed into the tunnel β geometry (β-Ca0.24V2O5) via vacuum annealing treatment. The generated β-Ca0.24V2O5 still preserves the nanorod construction of δ-Ca0.24V2O5·H2O without substantial sintering and degradation of the nanostructure. As the cathode materials, both of calcium vanadium bronzes exhibit high reversible capacity, good rate capability as well as superior cyclability...
August 3, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Andrew Palii, Sergey Aldoshin, Boris Tsukerblat, Juan José Borràs-Almenar, Juan Modesto Clemente-Juan, Salvador Cardona-Serra, Eugenio Coronado
As part of the search for systems in which control of quantum entanglement can be achieved, here we consider the paramagnetic mixed valence polyoxometalate K2Na6[GeV14O40]·10H2O in which two electrons are delocalized over the 14 vanadium ions. Applying a homogeneous electric field can induce an antiferromagnetic coupling between the two delocalized electronic spins that behave independently in the absence of the field. On the basis of the proposed theoretical model, we show that the external field can be used to generate controllable quantum entanglement between the two electronic spins traveling over a vanadium network of mixed valence polyoxoanion [GeV14O40](8-)...
August 3, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Thomas M Evans, David K Sing, Tiffany Kataria, Jayesh Goyal, Nikolay Nikolov, Hannah R Wakeford, Drake Deming, Mark S Marley, David S Amundsen, Gilda E Ballester, Joanna K Barstow, Lotfi Ben-Jaffel, Vincent Bourrier, Lars A Buchhave, Ofer Cohen, David Ehrenreich, Antonio García Muñoz, Gregory W Henry, Heather Knutson, Panayotis Lavvas, Alain Lecavelier des Etangs, Nikole K Lewis, Mercedes López-Morales, Avi M Mandell, Jorge Sanz-Forcada, Pascal Tremblin, Roxana Lupu
Infrared radiation emitted from a planet contains information about the chemical composition and vertical temperature profile of its atmosphere. If upper layers are cooler than lower layers, molecular gases will produce absorption features in the planetary thermal spectrum. Conversely, if there is a stratosphere-where temperature increases with altitude-these molecular features will be observed in emission. It has been suggested that stratospheres could form in highly irradiated exoplanets, but the extent to which this occurs is unresolved both theoretically and observationally...
August 2, 2017: Nature
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