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Ophthalmology Pediatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651547/-prevalence-of-wearing-glasses-for-children-and-adolescents-in-germany-and-their-ophthalmological-care-results-of-the-nationwide-kiggs-baseline-survey-2003-2006
#1
Alexander K Schuster, Heike M Elflein, Alexander Rommel, Laura Krause, Norbert Pfeiffer, Michael S Urschitz
BACKGROUND: Vision-relevant refractive errors in children require regular ophthalmological control examinations. In this study we estimated the prevalence of wearing glasses for children and adolescents in Germany and the frequency of ophthalmological care. METHODS: We analyzed data of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS, baseline survey 2003-2006, N = 17,640). Wearing glasses was documented from the age of 3 years in the examination part...
April 12, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625475/diagnostic-performance-and-repeatability-of-a-novel-game-based-visual-field-test-for-children
#2
Tariq Mehmood Aslam, Zaria Christine Ali, Yanfang Wang, Cecilia Fenerty, Susmito Biswas, Emmanouil Tsamis, David Barry Henson
Purpose: To demonstrate utility of a game-based test ("Caspar's Castle") for the detection of visual field defects in children. Methods: A validity and reliability study was carried out at Manchester Royal Eye Hospital Pediatric Ophthalmology Outpatients Department. We recruited 108 children with no eye pathology (aged 4-12 years) and examined a single eye with the Caspar's Castle system using either normal thresholds or thresholds artificially adapted to recreate defects to assess diagnostic utility...
March 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592918/consensus-based-recommendations-for-the-management-of-uveitis-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-the-share-initiative
#3
Tamas Constantin, Ivan Foeldvari, Jordi Anton, Joke de Boer, Severine Czitrom-Guillaume, Clive Edelsten, Raz Gepstein, Arnd Heiligenhaus, Clarissa A Pilkington, Gabriele Simonini, Yosef Uziel, Sebastian J Vastert, Nico M Wulffraat, Anne-Mieke Haasnoot, Karoline Walscheid, Annamária Pálinkás, Reshma Pattani, Zoltán Györgyi, Richárd Kozma, Victor Boom, Andrea Ponyi, Angelo Ravelli, Athimalaipet V Ramanan
BACKGROUND: In 2012, a European initiative called S ingle Hub and Access point for pediatric Rheumatology in Europe (SHARE) was launched to optimise and disseminate diagnostic and management regimens in Europe for children and young adults with rheumatic diseases. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic disease in children and uveitis is possibly its most devastating extra-articular manifestation. Evidence-based guidelines are sparse and management is mostly based on physicians' experience...
March 28, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587722/personality-traits-and-career-choices-among-physicians-in-finland-employment-sector-clinical-patient-contact-specialty-and-change-of-specialty
#4
Sari Mullola, Christian Hakulinen, Justin Presseau, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Markus Jokela, Taina Hintsa, Marko Elovainio
BACKGROUND: Personality influences an individual's adaptation to a specific job or organization. Little is known about personality trait differences between medical career and specialty choices after graduating from medical school when actually practicing different medical specialties. Moreover, whether personality traits contribute to important career choices such as choosing to work in the private or public sector or with clinical patient contact, as well as change of specialty, have remained largely unexplored...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576894/characteristics-of-anisometropic-patients-with-and-without-strabismus
#5
Reşat Duman, Huban Atilla, Emine Çatak
Objectives: To evaluate the risk factors for strabismus in patients with anisometropia by comparing degree of anisometropia, depth of amblyopia, and binocular visual function in anisometropic patients with and without strabismus. Materials and Methods: Sixty-five anisometropic patients older than 5 years with amblyopia in one eye who were followed in the Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Unit between May 2009 and April 2010 were included in this study...
February 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555515/home-use-of-binocular-dichoptic-video-content-device-for-treatment-of-amblyopia-a-pilot-study
#6
Daphna Mezad-Koursh, Amir Rosenblatt, Hadas Newman, Chaim Stolovitch
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of the BinoVision home system as measured by improvement of visual acuity in the patient's amblyopic eye. METHODS: An open-label prospective pilot-trial of the system was conducted with amblyopic children aged 4-8 years at the pediatric ophthalmology unit, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, January 2014 to October 2015. Participants were assigned to the study or sham group for treatment with BinoVision for 8 or 12 weeks. Patients were instructed to watch animated television shows and videos at home using the BinoVision device for 60 minutes, 6 days a week...
March 16, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554028/drug-to-prevent-pediatric-myopia-what-would-it-take
#7
Gary D Novack
Because of the epidemic of myopia with both its short-term and long-term effects, we desperately need ways to slow myopic progression. In this study which was part of a myopia prevention symposium, the author answers the following question: Assuming that researchers did come up with a pharmacological treatment to slow myopic progression-what would it take to obtain regulatory approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)? Previous publicly available information (a 2003 FDA advisory committee on this topic, International Conference on Harmonisation guidances on drug development, and published articles) as well as the author's experience is used...
March 16, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554001/visual-outcomes-and-clinical-manifestations-of-pediatric-optic-neuritis-in-indian-population-an-institutional-study
#8
Selvakumar Ambika, Krishnakumar Padmalakshmi, Viswanathan Venkatraman, Olma V Noronha
BACKGROUND: Optic neuritis in children is an uncommon disorder which usually occurs after a viral illness or vaccination and, less frequently, occurs as a manifestation of a demyelinating disorder. Pediatric optic neuritis usually is bilateral and presents with optic disc edema, recovers rapidly with steroid therapy, and generally has low conversion rate to multiple sclerosis or neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. We report the clinical features and treatment outcomes of pediatric optic neuritis in Indian population, for which little data are available...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522070/presentation-of-trpm1-associated-congenital-stationary-night-blindness-in-children
#9
Virginia Miraldi Utz, Wanda Pfeifer, Susannah Q Longmuir, Richard John Olson, Kai Wang, Arlene V Drack
Importance: Congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) implies a stable condition, with the major symptom being nyctalopia present at birth. Pediatric clinical presentation and the course of different genetic subtypes of CSNB have not, to our knowledge, been well described in the era of molecular genetic diagnosis. Objective: To describe the presentation and longitudinal clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with molecularly confirmed TRPM1-associated complete CSNB (cCSNB)...
March 8, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518184/ocular-manifestations-of-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Giorgio Ottaviano, Silvia Salvatore, Alessandro Salvatoni, Stefano Martelossi, Alessandro Ventura, Samuele Naviglio
Background and aims: Ocular extraintestinal manifestations (O-EIMs) are known complications of Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and inflammatory bowel disease unclassified (IBD-U). However, data on their prevalence in children are scarce and there are no clear recommendations on which follow-up should be offered. We aimed to review available data on O-EIMs in children. Methods: In January 2018, we performed a systematic review of published English literature using PubMed and EMBASE databases using disease-specific queries...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498601/edema-of-the-optic-tract-in-patients-with-tumors-of-the-sellar-region-clinical-and-visual-implications-in-the-pediatric-population
#11
Aurore Bussat, Maia Proisy, Bertrand Bruneau, Guillaume Bouzillé, Céline Chappé, Laurent Riffaud
OBJECTIVE Tumor-related edema of the optic tract (EOT) corresponds to a preferential posterior distribution of peritumoral edema along the white matter tract of the visual system. To date, the consequences of EOT have never been evaluated specifically in the pediatric population. In this study, the authors attempted to identify clinical and radiological features associated with the development of EOT and the specific influence of this edema on visual function. METHODS A retrospective review was performed of data collected from patients younger than 18 years who underwent surgery for a tumor in the sellar region at the authors' institution between January 2005 and January 2016...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497134/spontaneous-consecutive-esotropia
#12
Nathalie Voide, Matthieu P Robert
PURPOSE: Although less frequent than consecutive exotropia, consecutive esotropia is a well-known type of strabismus when it follows the surgical correction of an exotropia. Spontaneous conversion from initial constant, large-angle exotropia beyond the age of 3 months to esotropia or orthophoria, however, is not common. We describe a series of infants who presented a spontaneous evolution from a large-angle infantile exotropia to either an orthophoria or a spontaneously consecutive esotropia...
March 2, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485485/flexibility-in-postgraduate-medical-training-in-the-netherlands
#13
Reinier G Hoff, Joost Frenkel, Saskia M Imhof, Olle Ten Cate
Postgraduate medical training in the Netherlands has become increasingly individualized. In this article, the authors describe current practices for three residency programs at the University Medical Center Utrecht: anesthesiology, pediatrics, and ophthalmology. These programs are diverse yet share characteristics allowing for individualized residency training. New residents enter each program throughout the year, avoiding a large simultaneous influx of inexperienced doctors. The usual duration of each is five years...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483802/evaluation-of-patients-with-orbital-infections
#14
Deniz Aygün, Cezmi Doğan, Mustafa Hepokur, Osman Şevki Arslan, Haluk Çokuğraş, Yıldız Camcıoglu
Aim: Orbital tissue infections are common infections of childhood that can lead to severe complications. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the etiologic factors, diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment procedures in pediatric patients with orbital infections. Material and Methods: This study was performed retrospectively between January 2014 and December 2015 in Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit. Patients were studied for age, ophthalmologic examination features, laboratory and radiology results, treatment modalities, and the response to these treatments...
December 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455676/evaluation-of-an-ophthalmoscopy-simulator-to-teach-funduscopy-skills-to-pediatric-residents
#15
Elizabeth Kouzmitcheva, Stephanie A Grover, Tara Berenbaum, Asim Ali, Adelle Atkinson, E Ann Yeh
BACKGROUND: Medical school and residency training in ophthalmoscopic evaluation is limited, reducing diagnostic accuracy. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of self-study using an ophthalmoscopy simulator to improve the technical motor skills involved in direct funduscopy in postgraduate pediatric residents. METHODS: In this randomized-controlled study, 17 pediatric residents (postgraduate years 1-3) were randomized to control (n=8) or intervention (n=9) groups...
February 19, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445305/implantation-of-intracorneal-ring-segments-in-pediatric-patients-long-term-follow-up
#16
Ana Carolina Abreu, Luisa Malheiro, João Coelho, Miguel Mesquita Neves, Miguel Gomes, Luis Oliveira, Pedro Menéres
Purpose: To analyze the long-term outcomes of intracorneal ring segments (ICRS) implantation for keratoconus management in pediatric patients. Methods: Retrospective case series review of the long-term (>5 years) outcomes of Intacs® ICRS implantation for keratoconus in pediatric patients (age <18 years old at the time of surgery) between January 2008 and December 2011 at Ophthalmology Department of Hospital de Santo António. Demographic data, follow-up time, preoperative and postoperative uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in decimal scale, and corneal topography were evaluated...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423668/editorial-pediatric-ophthalmology-part-ii
#17
EDITORIAL
Pradeep Venkatesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403587/ophthalmologic-findings-in-patients-with-neuro-metabolic-disorders
#18
Narjes Jafari, Karl Golnik, Mansoor Shahriari, Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Sayena Jabbehdari
Purpose: We aimed to present the ophthalmic manifestations of neuro-metabolic disorders. Methods: Patients who were diagnosed with neuro-metabolic disorders in the Neurology Department of Mofid Pediatric Hospital in Tehran, Iran, between 2004 and 2014 were included in this study. Disorders were confirmed using clinical findings, neuroimaging, laboratory data, and genomic analyses. All enrolled patients were assessed for ophthalmological abnormalities. Results: A total of 213 patients with 34 different neuro-metabolic disorders were included...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398801/neurocognitive-consequences-of-childhood-leukemia-and-its-treatment
#19
Ayşe Bozkurt Turhan, S Tülin Fidan, Coşkun Yarar, E Nazlı Sakallı, Zeynep Canan Özdemir, Özcan Bör
As survival rates have improved in pediatric patients with leukemia, late side effects from chemotherapeutics and radiotherapy have become important considerations. We investigated these side effects and evaluated their impact on neurocognitive functions. The observational study included 68 patients with acute leukemia who were treated at Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical Faculty. The study also included 62 of the patients' closest age siblings as a control group. Demographic and clinical data, chemotherapy protocol, use of radiotherapy were recorded, neurological and ophthalmological examinations, cranial imaging, electroencephalography, visual evoked potential, and hearing investigations were performed, and neurocognitive functions were evaluated...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393247/optical-coherence-tomography-based-angiography-in-retinal-artery-occlusion-in-children
#20
Wojciech Hautz, Joanna Gołębiewska, Agnieszka Czeszyk-Piotrowicz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based angiography (OCTA) in the diagnosis and monitoring of pediatric patients with retinal artery occlusion (RAO). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, in Warsaw between March 2015 and May 2016. Every patient underwent a complete ophthalmological examination. The diagnosis of the disease was based on fundus examination and fluorescein angiography (FA)...
January 24, 2018: Ophthalmic Research
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