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Ophthalmology Pediatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905332/publication-rates-from-the-all-india-ophthalmic-conference-2010-compared-to-2000-are-we-improving
#1
R Kumaragurupari, Sabyasachi Sengupta, Sahil Bhandari
PURPOSE: To determine the publication rates of free papers and posters presented at the All India Ophthalmic Conference (AIOC) 2010 in peer-reviewed journals up to December 2015 and compare this with publication rates from AIOC2000 published previously. METHODS: A thorough literature search was conducted using PubMed, Google Scholar, and the general Google search engine by two independent investigators. The title of the paper, keywords and author names were used to "match" the AIOC free-paper with the published paper...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858844/forced-duction-training-a-potential-key-point-for-recovery-in-pediatric-patients-with-trapdoor-fracture
#2
Yinwei Li, Xuefei Song, Lunhao Li, Xianqun Fan, Ming Lin
Trapdoor fracture is a type of orbital fracture frequently observed in pediatric patients after facial trauma. The treatment options and surgical outcomes associated with this fracture are controversial.This study investigated the surgery principles and strategies as well as the functional training for the recovery and prognosis of pediatric patients with trapdoor fracture.A retrospective study was conducted on 21 pediatric patients with orbital trapdoor fracture who received the transconjunctival approach for orbital defect reconstruction surgery between 2009 and 2014 at the Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853013/ocular-manifestations-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-pediatric-population
#3
Handan Akil, Ayse Derya Buluş, Nesibe Andiran, Mehmet Numan Alp
CONTEXT: To evaluate the necessity of ocular screening in Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). AIMS: This study aims to investigate the diabetes-related ocular changes according to the glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level and duration of diabetes in children and compare the results with nondiabetic healthy children. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study designed by ophthalmology and pediatric endocrinology clinics. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-two children with Type 1 DM, 42 healthy gender- and age-matched children as controls were enrolled...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843339/the-danish-adult-diabetes-registry
#4
REVIEW
Marit Eika Jørgensen, Jette K Kristensen, Gitte Reventlov Husted, Charlotte Cerqueira, Peter Rossing
AIM OF THE DATABASE: The aim of the Danish Adult Diabetes Registry (DADR) is to provide data from both the primary health care sector (general practice [GP]) and the secondary sector (specialized outpatient clinics) to assess the quality of treatment given to patients with diabetes. The indicators represent process and outcome indicators selected from the literature. STUDY POPULATION: The total diabetes population in Denmark is estimated to be ~300,000 adult diabetes patients...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826937/comparing-distance-visual-acuity-measurement-with-a-novel-eye-chart-and-the-landolt-c-chart-in-a-population-of-children-aged-6-18%C3%A2-years
#5
John P Gorham, Beau B Bruce, Amy K Hutchinson
PURPOSE: The Handy Eye Chart™ is designed to assist in evaluating the visual acuity of patients with non-standard communication styles. The Handy Eye Chart™ has been previously validated against the early treatment diabetic retinopathy study (ETDRS) chart. The aim of this research is to compare visual acuity outcomes with The Handy Eye Chart™ against the international gold standard, the Landolt C chart, in a population of children. METHODS: Sixty participants between the ages of 6 and 18 were recruited at the Pediatric Section of the Department of Ophthalmology at the Emory Eye Center...
November 8, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826646/diagnostic-value-of-neuro-ophthalmological-signs-in-cases-of-chiari-i-malformation
#6
Inessa Bekerman, Tal Sigal, Itzhak Kimiagar, Zina Evy Almer, Michael Vaiman
INTRODUCTION: Our purpose was to evaluate the diagnostic value of measuring diameters of optic nerve sheath (ONSD), presence/absence of papilledema, tortuosity of the optic nerve, flattening of the posterior sclera, and intraocular protrusion of the prelaminar optic nerve for intracranial pressure assessment in cases of Chiari I malformation. METHODS: In a retrospective study, MRI data of 37 consecutive pediatric patients with Chiari malformation and data of 400 patients without intracranial pathology were compared and analyzed...
December 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826064/retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-pakistan
#7
Mohammad Ali A Sadiq, Irfan Karamat, Asad Aslam Khan
Screening guidelines for retinopathy of prematurity recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus suggest screening infants of birth weight of ≤1500 g and/or 32 weeks' gestational age or less. In developing and middle-income countries, ROP has been reported in older and/or heavier infants. We prospectively studied 172 infants of gestational age 36 weeks and younger and/or birth weight of ≤3000 g over a period of 16 months. ROP was identified in 4 infants >32 weeks of age, 1 infant having a birth weight of 2000 g...
November 5, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817916/orbital-periorbital-plexiform-neurofibromas-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-multidisciplinary-recommendations-for-care
#8
Robert A Avery, James A Katowitz, Michael J Fisher, Gena Heidary, Eva Dombi, Roger J Packer, Brigitte C Widemann
TOPIC: Children and adults with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a common autosomal dominant condition, manifest a variety of ophthalmologic conditions. Plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) involving the eyelid, orbit, periorbital, and facial structures (orbital-periorbital plexiform neurofibroma [OPPN]) can result in significant visual loss in children. Equally important, OPPNs can cause significant alteration in physical appearance secondary to proptosis, ptosis, and facial disfigurement, leading to social embarrassment and decreased self-esteem...
November 3, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813515/elbow-splinting-as-a-method-to-increase-patching-compliance-in-amblyopia-therapy
#9
K Sabri, B Easterbrook, B Wakeman, V Mehta, R Riyaz
PurposeThe purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of utilizing elbow splints as a method of increasing amblyopic patching compliance in pediatric ophthalmology patients who fail to comply with prescribed patching regimens.Patients and methodsPatients <6 years of age who were not adhering to pre-specified patching guidelines were prescribed elbow splints in order to increase patching compliance at the discretion of a pediatric ophthalmologist. If the child was non-compliant (patching <50% of specified time or consistently removing patch), parents were asked to try using the elbow splints until patching compliance was achieved...
November 4, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800265/treatment-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-associated-uveitis
#10
REVIEW
Merih Oray, İlknur Tuğal-Tutkun
Pediatric uveitis may be a serious health problem because of the lifetime burden of vision loss due to severe complications if the problem is not adequately treated. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis is characterized by insidious onset and potentially blinding chronic anterior uveitis. Periodic ophthalmologic screening is of utmost importance for early diagnosis of uveitis. Early diagnosis and proper immunomodulatory treatment are essential for good visual prognosis. The goal of treatment is to achieve enduring drug-free remission...
April 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800262/ophthalmologic-findings-in-children-with-leukemia-a-single-center-study
#11
Betül Orhan, Barış Malbora, Sezin Akça Bayar, Zekai Avcı, Bülent Alioğlu, Namık Özbek
OBJECTIVES: Ophthalmologic disease in patients with acute leukemia occurs due to primary leukemic infiltration (involvement), or secondary to the disease and its treatment. In recent years the life expectancy of acute leukemia patients has increased with the advent of modern therapies. The present study aimed to determine the incidence of ocular manifestations in children with acute leukemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 120 patients diagnosed with acute leukemia at Başkent University Hospital, Pediatric Hematology Department between 1995 and 2010...
April 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795862/malignant-hypertensive-retinopathy-in-an-infant-with-mid-aortic-occlusion
#12
Lawrence J Oh, Gaurav Bhardwaj, David S Winlaw, Craig E Donaldson
Purpose. Case report describing an eight-month-old infant presenting with intermittent esotropia and irritability who was found to have malignant (grade 4) hypertensive retinopathy and mid-aortic syndrome. Methods. Visual acuity was 6/140 in the right eye and not recordable in the left eye. Blood pressure was as high as 230/120 mmHg. Fundoscopy revealed bilateral optic disc swelling, macular stars, and serous retinal detachment in the left eye, findings that are consistent with malignant (grade 4) hypertensive retinopathy...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787648/cerebrofacial-arteriovenous-metameric-syndrome-cams-a-spectrum-disorder-of-craniofacial-vascular-malformations
#13
Lauren O'Loughlin, Mari L Groves, Neil R Miller, Monica S Pearl
Cerebrofacial arteriovenous metameric syndrome (CAMS) is a recent classification of vascular malformations that encompasses a spectrum of phenotypic expression involving arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the cerebral, orbital, and facial region. Recognizing the embryologic basis of CAMS is important for diagnosing other AVMs along the same metameric level. Visual loss is the most common presentation prompting ophthalmologic evaluation followed by neuroimaging. We present two pediatric patients with ipsilateral optic nerve and chiasmal AVMs without cutaneous manifestations, characteristic of CAMS 2...
October 27, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785598/pseudo-accommodation-in-non-amblyopic-children-after-bilateral-cataract-surgery-and-implantation-with-a-monofocal-intraocular-lens-prevalence-and-possible-mechanisms
#14
Charlotte Dénier, Pascal Dureau, Catherine Edelson, Amandine Barjol, Georges Caputo
BACKGROUND: Some pseudophakic patients implanted with a monofocal intraocular lens (IOL) have good near visual acuity (VA) with their distance correction. The objective was to evaluate the prevalence of pseudo-accommodation in children after bilateral cataract surgery, without amblyopia, and to define its mechanisms. METHODS: Observational study that took place in a pediatric ophthalmology department, Paris, France. A total of 68 eyes were included, 40 from 23 children and 28 from 14 adults, with a corrected distance VA above 20/25 and a normal near VA (20/25) with +3 addition...
October 26, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782772/clinical-patterns-and-causes-of-intraocular-inflammation-in-a-uveitis-patient-cohort-from-egypt
#15
Rowayda M Amin, Mohamed Gowieda, Ahmed Bedda, Ahmed Kamel, Alaa Radwan
PURPOSE: To analyze the patterns and causes of intraocular inflammation in patients attending uveitis referral clinics in Egypt. METHODS: The study included 454 patients with uveitis examined both at the Department of Ophthalmology, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, and tertiary uveitis referral clinics in Cairo and the International Eye Clinic in Upper Egypt, between August 2013 and March 2016. All patients had a comprehensive ocular examination and systemic work-up...
October 26, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768675/optimal-timing-of-surgical-procedures-in-pediatric-patients
#16
Riva R Ko, Teeda Pinyavat, Steven Stylianos, Sarah M Lambert, Richard C Anderson, Pamela F Gallin, Lynne G Maxwell, Christopher G Ward, Jayant K Deshpande, Constance S Houck
The Pediatric Anesthesia Neuro Development Assessment (PANDA) team at the Anesthesiology Department at Columbia University Medical Center held its fifth biennial symposium to discuss issues regarding potential neurotoxicity of anesthetic agents in pediatric patients. Overall optimal surgical timing as well as a "critical window" for surgery on a specialty specific basis are areas of focus for the American Academy of Pediatrics Surgical Advisory Panel. An ad hoc panel of pediatric surgical experts representing general surgery, urology, neurosurgery, and ophthalmology was assembled for this meeting and provided a dialogue focused on the benefits of early intervention versus potential anesthetic risk, addressing parental concerns, and the need for continued interdisciplinary collaboration in this area...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764847/-pediatric-ophthalmology-and-eye-muscle-surgery
#17
J Esser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743967/-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-experience-over-25-years-and-a-management-protocol
#18
Lorena Monge Galindo, Ruth Fernando Martínez, Cristina Fuertes Rodrigo, David Fustero de Miguel, Victoria Pueyo Royo, Juan Pablo García Iñiguez, Javier López-Pisón, José Luis Peña-Segura
INTRODUCTION: We present our experience on idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), before and after the introduction of a specific diagnosis and management protocol. METHOD: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted on patients with IIH over a 25year period (1990-2015), comparing the last 7years (after introduction of the protocol) with the previous 18years. RESULTS: Among the 18,865 patients evaluated, there were 54 cases of IIH (29 infants and 25 children)...
October 13, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741957/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#19
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
BACKGROUND: Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. OBJECTIVE: To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. DESIGN: We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737444/association-between-adherence-to-glasses-wearing-during-amblyopia-treatment-and-improvement-in-visual-acuity
#20
Gail D E Maconachie, Shegufta Farooq, Glen Bush, Julie Kempton, Frank A Proudlock, Irene Gottlob
Importance: Occlusion dose monitors have helped establish that better adherence to occlusion is associated with improved visual outcomes in patients undergoing amblyopia treatment. However, the role of adherence to glasses wearing is unknown. Objectives: To establish the feasibility and reliability of objectively monitoring adherence to glasses wearing using age-based norms, establish the association between adherence to glasses wearing and improvement in visual acuity (VA) after optical treatment and occlusion therapy, and analyze the effect of age, sex, refractive errors, type of amblyopia, and adherence to glasses wearing on improvement in VA...
October 13, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
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