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Ophthalmology Pediatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445305/implantation-of-intracorneal-ring-segments-in-pediatric-patients-long-term-follow-up
#1
Ana Carolina Abreu, Luisa Malheiro, João Coelho, Miguel Mesquita Neves, Miguel Gomes, Luis Oliveira, Pedro Menéres
Purpose: To analyze the long-term outcomes of intracorneal ring segments (ICRS) implantation for keratoconus management in pediatric patients. Methods: Retrospective case series review of the long-term (>5 years) outcomes of Intacs ® ICRS implantation for keratoconus in pediatric patients (age <18 years old at the time of surgery) between January 2008 and December 2011 at Ophthalmology Department of Hospital de Santo António. Demographic data, follow-up time, preoperative and postoperative uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in decimal scale, and corneal topography were evaluated...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423668/editorial-pediatric-ophthalmology-part-ii
#2
EDITORIAL
Pradeep Venkatesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403587/ophthalmologic-findings-in-patients-with-neuro-metabolic-disorders
#3
Narjes Jafari, Karl Golnik, Mansoor Shahriari, Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Sayena Jabbehdari
Purpose: We aimed to present the ophthalmic manifestations of neuro-metabolic disorders. Methods: Patients who were diagnosed with neuro-metabolic disorders in the Neurology Department of Mofid Pediatric Hospital in Tehran, Iran, between 2004 and 2014 were included in this study. Disorders were confirmed using clinical findings, neuroimaging, laboratory data, and genomic analyses. All enrolled patients were assessed for ophthalmological abnormalities. Results: A total of 213 patients with 34 different neuro-metabolic disorders were included...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398801/neurocognitive-consequences-of-childhood-leukemia-and-its-treatment
#4
Ayşe Bozkurt Turhan, S Tülin Fidan, Coşkun Yarar, E Nazlı Sakallı, Zeynep Canan Özdemir, Özcan Bör
As survival rates have improved in pediatric patients with leukemia, late side effects from chemotherapeutics and radiotherapy have become important considerations. We investigated these side effects and evaluated their impact on neurocognitive functions. The observational study included 68 patients with acute leukemia who were treated at Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical Faculty. The study also included 62 of the patients' closest age siblings as a control group. Demographic and clinical data, chemotherapy protocol, use of radiotherapy were recorded, neurological and ophthalmological examinations, cranial imaging, electroencephalography, visual evoked potential, and hearing investigations were performed, and neurocognitive functions were evaluated...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393247/optical-coherence-tomography-based-angiography-in-retinal-artery-occlusion-in-children
#5
Wojciech Hautz, Joanna Gołębiewska, Agnieszka Czeszyk-Piotrowicz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based angiography (OCTA) in the diagnosis and monitoring of pediatric patients with retinal artery occlusion (RAO). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, in Warsaw between March 2015 and May 2016. Every patient underwent a complete ophthalmological examination. The diagnosis of the disease was based on fundus examination and fluorescein angiography (FA)...
January 24, 2018: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390337/linezolid-associated-optic-neuropathy-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-mycobacterium-nonchromogenicum-a-case-report
#6
Napoleón González Saldaña, Diego Mauricio Galvis Trujillo, Ana Maria Borbolla Pertierra, Ana Ivette Mondragón Pineda, Hugo Juárez Olguín
BACKGROUND: Toxic optic neuropathies are alterations of the optic nerve and can be caused by environmental, pharmacological, or nutritional agents. CASE: It is about a 7-year-old male patient, a native of the State of Mexico, Mexico who was diagnosed with cervical mycobacterial lymphadenitis that required management with linezolid. OBSERVATIONS: After 7 months of treatment, visual acuity of the left eye decreased and was accompanied by headache...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386884/the-uk-paediatric-ocular-trauma-study-2-pots2-demographics-and-mechanisms-of-injuries
#7
Freda Sii, Robert J Barry, Joseph Abbott, Richard J Blanch, Caroline J MacEwen, Peter Shah
Purpose: Pediatric ocular trauma is an important cause of visual morbidity worldwide, accounting for up to one-third of all ocular trauma admissions. It has long-term implications for those affected and significant economic consequences for healthcare providers. It has been estimated that 90% of all ocular trauma is preventable. Targeted strategies are required to reduce the incidence and the severity of pediatric ocular trauma; this requires an understanding of the epidemiology and characteristics of these injuries and the children involved...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384564/mitomycin-c-in-filtering-surgery-for-primary-congenital-glaucoma-a-comparison-of-exposure-durations
#8
Nader H Bayoumi
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of two exposure durations of mitomycin C in combined angle and filtering surgery for primary congenital glaucoma. METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at Alexandria Main University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt, on 75 eyes with primary congenital glaucoma that underwent combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy with intraoperative mitomycin C application for 1 minute (MMC 1) or 2 minutes (MMC 2) and were followed up for 24 months...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369235/global-practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-infantile-cataracts
#9
Euna B Koo, Deborah K VanderVeen, Scott R Lambert
OBJECTIVES: Surveys are an important tool to assess the impact of research on physicians' approach to patient care. This survey was conducted to assess current practice patterns in the management of infantile cataracts in light of the findings of the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study. METHODS: Pediatric ophthalmologists were emailed a link to the survey using newsletters from American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, World Society of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, and the Pediatric Listserv...
January 15, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349523/prognostic-factors-of-pediatric-glaucoma-a-retrospective-study
#10
Marilita M Moschos, Eirini Nitoda, Isabelle Fenzel, Xuefei Song, Achim Langenbucher, Barbara Kaesmann, Berthold Seitz, Zisis Gatzioufas
PURPOSE: To correlate the features of certain types of infantile glaucoma with the progression and the prognosis of the disease, highlighting probable risk factors. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with pediatric glaucoma were recruited in this retrospective study. All patients underwent ophthalmological examination in the Department of Ophthalmology of the Saarland University Medical Center from January 2001 to December 2012. Our pediatric patients were classified into four different categories of glaucoma: (1) primary congenital glaucoma (presenting buphthalmus), (2) aniridia-related glaucoma, (3) Peters/Rieger's anomaly-related glaucoma and (4) congenital cataract-related glaucoma...
January 18, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347941/a-five-year-retrospective-study-of-the-epidemiological-characteristics-and-visual-outcomes-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma
#11
Edita Puodžiuvienė, Giedrė Jokūbauskienė, Monika Vieversytė, Kirwan Asselineau
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trauma can lead to serious visual impairment as a result of the trauma itself or secondary to amblyopia. Precise data on epidemiological characteristics and visual outcomes of pediatric ocular injuries are valuable for the prevention of monocular blindness. METHODS: A total of 268 cases of pediatric ocular trauma admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343557/dicer1-and-associated-conditions-%C3%A2-identification-of-at-risk-individuals-and-recommended-surveillance-strategies
#12
Kris Ann P Schultz, Gretchen M Williams, Junne Kamihara, Douglas R Stewart, Anne K Harris, Andrew J Bauer, Joyce Turner, Rachana Shah, Katherine Schneider, Kami Wolfe Schneider, Ann Garrity Carr, Laura A Harney, Shari Baldinger, A Lindsay Frazier, Daniel Orbach, Dominik T Schneider, David Malkin, Louis P Dehner, Yoav H Messinger, Ashley Hill
Pathogenic germline DICER1 variants cause a hereditary cancer predisposition syndrome with a variety of manifestations. In addition to conferring increased cancer risks for pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors, particularly Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, individuals with pathogenic germline DICER1 variants may also develop lung cysts, cystic nephroma, renal sarcoma and Wilms tumor, nodular hyperplasia of the thyroid, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ciliary body medulloepithelioma, genitourinary embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and brain tumors including pineoblastoma and pituitary blastoma...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338965/quality-of-life-and-clinical-characterization-of-patients-with-vernal-keratoconjunctivitis-in-a-pediatric-population-in-colombia
#13
C M Gómez-Henao, C I Herrera-Morales, R Ramírez-Giraldo, R Cardona-Villa
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is one of the most serious ocular allergies that have the potential to induce large ocular morbidity and significant visual changes affecting the quality of life of these individuals. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted in two phases. The first phase consisted of the clinical characterization of 32 patients from the Clinical Allergology center of the I.P.S. Universitaria from July 2014 to February 2015. A retrospective analysis of medical records was performed...
January 12, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325380/-could-binocular-treatment-be-a-substitute-for-patching
#14
X F Shi, K X Zhao
Amblyopia is a common eye disease with a high prevalence in clinical practice of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus. The primary treatment strategy for amblyopia is precise correction of refractive errors and patching of the dominant eye. The application of patching has a history of more than 200 years, and now is still the most effective method for treatment of amblyopia. Similar to the principle of traditional patching, atropine penalization has been testified that it can be used as an initial treatment for amblyopia with similar therapeutic effects as patching...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302787/pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-in-taiwan-clinical-characteristics-and-risk-factors-associated-with-mortality
#15
An-Lun Wu, Lai-Chu See, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Hui-Tzu Tu, Nan-Kai Wang, Jing-Long Huang, Yih-Shiou Hwang, Chi-Chun Lai, Wei-Chi Wu
PURPOSE: To report the clinical characteristics of abusive head trauma (AHT) in Taiwan and identify the risk factors associated with mortality of these patients. METHODS: Children with clinically diagnosed AHT from January 1, 2000, to October 31, 2015 were reviewed. The demographic data, clinical features, and associated retinal and radiologic findings were analyzed. The multivariable logistic regression model analysis was performed to identify the risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality...
January 4, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285534/comparison-of-quality-and-output-of-different-optimal-perimetric-testing-approaches-in-children-with-glaucoma
#16
Dipesh E Patel, Phillippa M Cumberland, Bronwen C Walters, Isabelle Russell-Eggitt, John Brookes, Maria Papadopoulos, Peng Tee Khaw, Ananth C Viswanathan, David Garway-Heath, Mario Cortina-Borja, Jugnoo S Rahi
Importance: There is limited evidence to support the development of guidance for visual field testing in children with glaucoma. Objective: To compare different static and combined static/kinetic perimetry approaches in children with glaucoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional, observational study recruiting children prospectively between May 2013 and June 2015 at 2 tertiary specialist pediatric ophthalmology centers in London, England (Moorfields Eye Hospital and Great Ormond Street Hospital)...
December 28, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238687/status-of-otorhinolaryngology-as-specialty-of-choice-among-female-medical-graduates
#17
Sunil Garg, Rubeena Arora, Sunil Kumar, Gautam Bir Singh
Specialty choices among medical graduates have undergone changes over time. We aimed to analyze status of otorhinolaryngology as specialty of choice among female medical graduates and factors affecting it. A total of 123 female medical graduates were surveyed during their internship over a period of 1 year in a tertiary-care hospital. Each intern was assessed using a questionnaire at the end of otorhinolaryngology rotation. The survey included nine questions about future career choices with special focus on ENT as a choice for specialization...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194601/idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-children-and-adolescents-an-update
#18
Catalina Cleves-Bayon
PREMISE: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), previously known as pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTC) is a serious neurological disorder that can lead to irreversible visual loss. Predominantly a disorder affecting women in reproductive years, the pediatric population is not spared. PROBLEM: In the past few years, the condition has been redefined, due to new accepted values for opening pressure in children and advances in neuroimaging. Emerging techniques in ophthalmology are being increasingly used to monitor disease in these patients...
December 1, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168365/evaluation-of-choroidal-thickness-measurements-in-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-patients
#19
Cem Bayraktar, Ali Şimşek
Bayraktar C, Şimşek A. Evaluation of choroidal thickness measurements in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 62-67. Choroidal vascular impairment and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) related disorders have been shown in adults, but there have been no investigations with regard to the choroidal thickness measurements in children with OSAS. Our aim was to investigate this relationship in the early childhood period, which correlates with OSAS peak incidence due to adenotonsillar enlargement...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166895/retrospective-data-on-causes-of-childhood-vision-impairment-in-eritrea
#20
Rajendra Gyawali, Bharat Kumar Bhayal, Rabindra Adhikary, Arjun Shrestha, Rabindra Prasad Sah
BACKGROUND: Proper information on causes of childhood vision loss is essential in developing appropriate strategies and programs to address such causes. This study aimed at identifying the causes of vision loss in children attending the national referral eye hospital with the only pediatric ophthalmology service in Eritrea. METHODS: A retrospective data review was conducted for all the children (< 16 years of age) who attended Berhan Aiyni National Referral Eye Hospital in five years period from January 2011 to December 2015...
November 22, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
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