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Ophtalmology children

Charlotte Cuerq, Lioara Restier, Jocelyne Drai, Emilie Blond, Adeline Roux, Sybil Charriere, Marie-Caroline Michalski, Mathilde Di Filippo, Emile Levy, Alain Lachaux, Noël Peretti
BACKGROUND: Chylomicron retention disease (CMRD), a rare genetic hypocholesterolemia, results in neuro-ophtalmologic damages, which can be prevented by high doses of vitamin E during infancy. In these patients, plasma vitamin E concentration is significantly reduced due to defects of chylomicron secretion. Vitamin E in adipose tissue (AT) and red blood cells (RBC) have been proposed as potential relevant biomarkers of vitamin E status but no reference values in children are available...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
R Cohen, I Hau, F Madhi
ENT and dental surgical procedures are the most common causes of surgery in children: the majority of them (adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy, trans-tympanic tubes, etc.) does not warrant antibiotic prophylaxis (ABP). When ABP is justified, it follows the general rules of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis: a molecule spectrum including the main bacterial targets (and possibly not used in curative treatment), short-term administration, a single injection 30 to 60 minutes before surgical incision. For cataracts, prophylaxis by intracameral cefuroxime must supplant the antibiotic therapy...
November 2013: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Layla Ajrezo, Sylvette Wiener-Vacher, Maria Pia Bucci
INTRODUCTION: Dual-task performance is known to affect postural stability in children. This study focused on the effect of oculomotor tasks like saccadic eye movements on postural stability, studied in a large population of children by recording simultaneously their eye movements and posture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-five healthy children from 5.8 to 17.6 years old were examined. All children were free of any vestibular, neurological, ophtalmologic and orthoptic abnormalities...
2013: PloS One
Laura Elena Campos-Campos, Vanessa Pérez-Torres, Astrid Villavicencio-Torres, Mario González-Vite
OBJECTIVE: to describe the ocular findings in children with mucopolysaccharidosis at the Ophtalmology department. METHODS: clinical, descriptive, retrospective, transversal, and observational study was done. The cohort included patients under 16 years old, treated at the Hospital General, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza, with diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidosis. The variables were age, gender, damaged eye, visual acuity, ocular findings, type of mucopolysaccharidosis...
September 2012: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Faïza Lamine, Faouzi Kanoun, Melika Chihaoui, Alexandru Saveanu, Emna Menif, Anne Barlier, Alain Enjalbert, Thierry Brue, Hédia Slimane
Agenesis of internal carotid artery (ICA) is an unusual finding in subjects with congenital Combined Pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) with only nine cases being reported to date but to our best knowledge none of them was genetically investigated. A 10-years old girl presented with severe growth failure (height 103 cm) with substantial bone age delay (3 years). She had no history of perinatal insults or familial CPHD. There was no evidence of mental retardation or craniofacial dysmorphism or ophtalmological abnormalities...
December 2012: Pituitary
M Thibault, J Leydet, E Tournier-Lasserve, Y-J Crow, F Rivier, B Echenne, C Langlois, H Daudet, P Sarda, A Roubertie
Genetic syndromes that mimic congenital infections must be recognized because of the associated risk of recurrence. We describe a male infant who was born with the association of intra-uterine growth retardation, microcephaly, intracranial calcifications, white matter abnormalities, microphtalmy, bilateral cataract, and hearing loss. Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection was suspected, but serologic CMV markers were not decisive (IgG+/IgM-). His half-sister (same father) presented a similar phenotype. Therefore, the diagnosis of congenital CMV infection was questioned and a genetic hypothesis was suggested...
December 2011: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Bogusława Zelwiańska, Grazyna Gucwa-Piotrowska, Anna Lis-Hille, Stawomir Kroczka
INTRODUCTION: In recent years significant increase of children reffered to neurological consultations has been observed. Also structure of diagnosis has changed fundamentally. AIM: The aim of the study was to reveal differentiated structure of diagnosis in children reffered to neurology outpatient clinics during 2 years of their work. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis included medical documentation of 18127 children aged 1-18 years, patients of Neurology Outpatient Clinic, Headache Outpatient Clinic and Neuromuscular Diseases Outpatient Clinic...
2008: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Tamara Kljaković-Avramović, Miroslav Vukosavljević, Sinisa Avramović
BACKGROUND/AIM: Esotropia is the most common manifestation form of strabism accompanied by refraction deviations and amblyopia. The aim of this prospective study was to present the outcomes of surgical treatment of esotropia in children and adolescents. METHODS: Within the period from January 1st 2006 to February 1st 2007 at the Clinic for Ophtalmology, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade a total of 25 patients with esotropia (34 eyes) and previously corrected refraction anomaly and treated amblyopia were operated on...
August 2008: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Anna Niwald, Beata Orawiec, Mirosława Grałek
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to present the clinical and histopathological characteristics of choristoma tumors of the eye in children and to estimate the surgical treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 23 children with choristoma of visual organ including 10 girls (43.5%) and 13 boys (56.5%) in age between 2 months and 16 years, hospitalized in Department of Pediatrics Ophthalmology between 1999 and 2005. Complete ophtalmological examination and ultrasonography of eyeballs and orbital cavity was performed...
2007: Klinika Oczna
L Bott, C Santos, C Thumerelle, A Mars, A Deschildre, B Catteau
Stevens-Johnson syndrome is an acute, self-limiting disease of the skin and mucous membranes. Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis are all part of a single spectrum illness. We report severe erythema multiform in 4 children aged from 6 to 15 years old. Erythema was mostly related to mycoplasma pneumoniae infection (3/4) and 1 case was attributed to drugs. Two children developed severe sequelae (obliterans bronchiolitis). No patient had recurrent disease. The early use of steroids is still debated, but in our experience it seems to benefit overall...
December 2007: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
N Matoussi, S Ben Slima, Z Fitouri, S Marrakchi, S Ben Becher
UNLABELLED: Childhood uveitis is a rare but serious disease that may causes visual loss. Causes are various and an underlying disease is not always found. PURPOSE: To analyse clinical features and prognosis of uveitis in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive study of cases observed in a general pediatric unit over a period of 15 years (1990-2005) at Tunis. RESULTS: We gathered 18 cases of uveitis (girls 55...
July 2007: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Marek Kaciński, Jacek Składzień, Ewa Wesołowska, Alicja Kubik
BACKGROUND: Paranasal sinus involvement in the developmental age can be clinically uncharacteristic, and therefore it is commonly diagnosed accidentally with other diseases. Not all cases of such sinusitis need otolaryngologic treatment. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: Was to assess the real prevalence of sinus involvement imaging in head MR scans diagnosed in children with neurological diseases and to describe the need of laryngological therapy in these cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the period of 16 months (01...
2006: Przegla̧d Lekarski
G Lama, M Esposito Salsano, C Grassia, E Calabrese, M G Grassia, R Bismuto, M A B Melone, S Russo, A Scuotto
AIM: Optic pathway gliomas (OPG) are the predominant intracranial tumours associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and the outcome of OPG in 200 NF1 patients (122 males and 78 females, aged 1-25 years) followed up to 16 years (mean of 6 years). METHODS: All children were evaluated by a detailed physical, neurological and ophthalmological examination. Fifteen out of 200 (7.5%) of these patients (7 males, 8 females) were identified with evidence of optic pathway tumours...
February 2007: Minerva Pediatrica
Włodzimierz Berner
The subject of this study is the activity of physician and philantropist Józef Kolliński MD (1852-1933). He completed his medical studies at Medical and Surgical Military Academy in St. Petersburg. After obtaining specialization in ophthalmology, he presented his doctor theses at Warsaw University and afterwards he was closely connected with Lódź. At the turn of 19th and 20th century Lódź was considered to be one of the most neglected cities of manufacturing industry in Russian sector of partitioned Poland...
2004: Medycyna Nowozytna: Studia Nad Historia Medycyny
Maja Corak, Biserka Baćani, Ljerka Cvitanović-Sojat, Katia Novak-Laus, Ognjen Zrinsćak, Zdravko Mandić
Retrobulbar neuritis is often very complicated clinical entity. The most common cause of retrobulbar neuritis is demyelinating disease of CNS. This report is to express some other uncommon causes of it. Three children, age 8 to 12 with sudden and severe visual loss are presented. The diagnosis of retrobulbar neuritis is made by complete ophtalmological examination in consultation with neuropediatrics and neuroradiologist. Different ethiological causes of retrobulbar neuritis are found: pranasal sinusitis, functional visual loss and pseudotumor cerebri...
2005: Collegium Antropologicum
Alessandra Sansonetti, Jacques Périsset, Michaël Reinhardt et al.
Twenty pediatricians conducted a study for the detection of ophtalmological defects in children aged 36 to 54 months using a protocol designed by the Groupe Romand d'Etudes en Pédiatrie Ambulatoire (GREPA) and by an ophthalmologist. After a pilot test run for correcting the protocol and the testing procedure, visual acuity was assessed using the Scholatest, stereoscopy using the Lang test and ocular deviation using the Hirschberg test. A total number of 1243 children were examined, some of which needed to be tested twice...
August 2004: Revue Médicale de la Suisse Romande
Małgorzata Muchacka-Bianga, Grazyna Deja, Przemysława Jarosz-Chobot, Mariola Minkina-Pedras, Brygida Koehler
Diabetic cataract rarely concerns children. Its occurrence is usually caused by a genetic predisposition as well as a long-term decompensation of diabetes. Cases of cataract in children during the first year of diabetes are exceptional, therefore this case is presented. During the ophtalmological examination bilateral retrocapsular cataract was diagnosed in 12-year-old girl with an eleven-month history of diabetes type 1. Previous ophtalmological examination had not shown any abnormalities. The poor metabolic control of diabetes was observed during this time (avg...
2002: Endokrynologia, Diabetologia i Choroby Przemiany Materii Wieku Rozwojowego
D Peláez Mata, J A Alvarez Zapico, C Gutiérrez Segura, I Fernández Jiménez, S García Saavedra, J González Sarasúa, M J Arriaga Flórez
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal wall closure is not possible in large congenital defects, even after extensively stretching in to enlarge its capacity. The skin coverage is usually adequate but the aponeurotic defect has to be closed temporally using synthetic patches. The use of these materials leads to increase complication such as infection, fistula formation and extrusion. In addition a second operation is required to remove the material and to perform a definitive closure. The role of fascia lata in reconstruction of abdominal wall is well established as free grafts, pedicled flaps or free flaps...
January 2001: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
R D'Agostino, A Melagrana, G Taborelli, B Ravera, M G Calevo
Among a population of 200 children, suffering by dizziness that we examined in the ENT department of the G. Gaslini Institute of Genoa, we acquired and checked, through the statistical analysis, the data of an air caloric test (according to the standard stimulation method) performed in 20 children (resulted normal to neurological, ophtalmological and audiovestibuler examinations which included audiometry, tympanometry, spontaneous, positional and positioning nystagmus research, OKN and caloric tests) and subdivided into 10 s sequences...
November 5, 1999: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
E Truy, V Furminieux, C Dubreuil
In this report, we present five cases of acoustic neuroma in children; one of them concern a case of neurofibromatosis 2. The most common symptom is a deafness, but it can also be revealed by a tinnitus, a vertigo, a facial nerve paralysis or headache. Diagnosis is confirmed by T1 and T2-weighted MRI with intravenous infusion of gadolinium. The deals of the treatment are tumor's control and preservation of the hearing and facial nerve functions. The means used are either microsurgery with a preference for posteriors approaches to translabyrinthic one, or radiosurgery with gamma knife which seems to be a promising technique for stades II and III tumors...
May 1999: Annales D'oto-laryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico Faciale
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