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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924472/functional-analysis-of-mirnas-using-the-diana-tools-online-suite
#1
Ioannis S Vlachos, Artemis G Hatzigeorgiou
microRNAs (miRNAs) are central regulators of gene expression. They are actively studied for their involvement in numerous physiological and pathological conditions but also as diagnostic biomarkers or promising therapeutic targets. The increased complexity of the miRNA interactomes hinders straightforward interpretation of miRNA expression differences between states and conditions. To this end, functional analysis web servers process and combine experimental and in silico data, enabling researchers to uncover targeted pathways and transcriptional mechanisms that are hidden within numerous interactions and vast expression datasets...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916855/comparative-proteome-analysis-of-porcine-jejunum-tissues-in-response-to-a-virulent-strain-of-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-and-its-attenuated-strain
#2
Zhonghua Li, Fangzhou Chen, Shiyi Ye, Xiaozhen Guo, Atta Muhanmmad Memon, Meizhou Wu, Qigai He
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), a predominant cause of acute enteric infection, leads to severe dehydrating diarrhea and mortality in piglets all over the world. A virulent PEDV YN13 strain, isolated in our laboratory, was attenuated to yield an attenuated PEDV strain YN144. To better understand the pathogenesis mechanism and the virus-host interaction during infection with both PEDV YN13 and YN144 strains, a comparative proteomic analysis was carried out to investigate the proteomic changes produced in the primary target organ, using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) labeling, followed by liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
November 29, 2016: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913688/left-ventricle-transcriptomic-analysis-reveals-connective-tissue-accumulation-associates-with-initial-age-dependent-decline-in-v%C3%AC-o2peak-from-its-lifetime-apex
#3
Gregory N Ruegsegger, Ryan G Toedebusch, Joshua F Braselton, Thomas E Childs, Frank W Booth
Peak oxygen consumption (V̇O2peak) strongly predicts morbidity and mortality better than other established risk factors, yet mechanisms associated with its age-associated decline are unknown. Our lab has shown that V̇O2peak first begins to decrease at the same age of 19-20 weeks old in both sedentary and wheel-running, female Wistar rats (Toedebusch et al., Physiol Genomics. 48:101-15, 2016). Here, we employed a total systemic approach using unsupervised interrogation of mRNA with RNA-sequencing. The purpose of our study was to analyze transcriptomic profiles from both sedentary (SED) and wheel-running (RUN) conditions as a strategy to identify pathways in the left ventricle that may contribute to the initial reductions in V̇O2peak occurring between 19 and 27 weeks of age...
December 2, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912797/helminth-infections-and-gut-microbiota-a-feline-perspective
#4
Ana M Duarte, Timothy P Jenkins, Maria S Latrofa, Alessio Giannelli, Elias Papadopoulos, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Matthew J Nolan, Domenico Otranto, Cinzia Cantacessi
BACKGROUND: Investigations of the relationships between the gut microbiota and gastrointestinal parasitic nematodes are attracting growing interest by the scientific community, driven by the need to better understand the contribution of parasite-associated changes in the composition of the gut flora to both host malnutrition and immune modulation. These studies have however been carried out mainly in humans and experimental animals, while knowledge of the make-up of the gut commensal flora in presence or absence of infection by parasitic nematodes in domestic animals is limited...
December 3, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907079/identification-of-pectin-degrading-enzymes-secreted-by-xanthomonas-oryzae-pv-oryzae-and-determination-of-their-role-in-virulence-on-rice
#5
Lavanya Tayi, Roshan V Maku, Hitendra Kumar Patel, Ramesh V Sonti
Xanthomonas oryzae pv.oryzae (Xoo) causes the serious bacterial blight disease of rice. Xoo secretes a repertoire of plant cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs) like cellulases, xylanases, esterases etc., which act on various components of the rice cell wall. The major cellulases and xylanases secreted by Xoo have been identified and their role in virulence has been determined. In this study, we have identified some of the pectin degrading enzymes of Xoo and assessed their role in virulence. Bioinformatics analysis indicated the presence of four pectin homogalacturonan (HG) degrading genes in the genome of Xoo...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887974/perusal-of-parasitic-nematode-omics-in-the-post-genomic-era
#6
Jonathan D Stoltzfus, Adeiye A Pilgrim, De'Broski R Herbert
The advent of high-throughput, next-generation sequencing methods combined with advances in computational biology and bioinformatics have greatly accelerated discovery within biomedical research. This "post-genomics" era has ushered in powerful approaches allowing one to quantify RNA transcript and protein abundance for every gene in the genome - often for multiple conditions. Herein, we chronicle how the post-genomics era has advanced our overall understanding of parasitic nematodes through transcriptomics and proteomics and highlight some of the important advances made in each major nematode clade...
November 22, 2016: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882067/bioinformatic-identification-of-rare-codon-clusters-rccs-in-hbv-genome-and-evaluation-of-rccs-in-proteins-structure-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#7
Mojtaba Mortazavi, Mohammad Zarenezhad, Saeid Gholamzadeh, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Mohammad Ghorbani, Reza Dehghani, Abdorrasoul Malekpour, Mohammadhasan Meshkibaf, Ali Fakhrzad
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) as an infectious disease that has nine genotypes (A - I) and a 'putative' genotype J. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the rare codon clusters (RCC) in the HBV genome and to evaluate these RCCs in the HBV proteins structure. METHODS: For detection of protein family accession numbers (Pfam) in HBV proteins, the UniProt database and Pfam search tool were used. Protein family accession numbers is a comprehensive and accurate collection of protein domains and families...
October 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863262/in-silico-proficiency-testing-for-clinical-next-generation-sequencing
#8
REVIEW
Eric J Duncavage, Haley J Abel, John D Pfeifer
Quality assurance for clinical next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based assays is difficult given the complex methods and the range of sequence variants such assays can detect. As the number and range of mutations detected by clinical NGS assays has increased, it is difficult to apply standard analyte-specific proficiency testing (PT). Most current proficiency testing challenges for NGS are methods-based PT surveys that use DNA from reference samples engineered to harbor specific mutations that test both sequence generation and bioinformatics analysis...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856569/personal-microbiomes-and-next-generation-sequencing-for-laboratory-based-education
#9
Mark R Hartman, Kristin T Harrington, Candice M Etson, Matthew B Fierman, Donna K Slonim, David R Walt
Sequencing and bioinformatics technologies have advanced rapidly in recent years, driven largely by developments in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology. Given the increasing importance of these advances, there is a growing need to incorporate concepts and practices relating to NGS into undergraduate and high school science curricula. We believe that direct access to sequencing and bioinformatics will improve the ability of students to understand the information obtained through these increasingly ubiquitous research tools...
November 16, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826289/pimms-pragmatic-insertional-mutation-mapping-system-laboratory-methodology-a-readily-accessible-tool-for-identification-of-essential-genes-in-streptococcus
#10
Adam M Blanchard, Sharon A Egan, Richard D Emes, Andrew Warry, James A Leigh
The Pragmatic Insertional Mutation Mapping (PIMMS) laboratory protocol was developed alongside various bioinformatics packages (Blanchard et al., 2015) to enable detection of essential and conditionally essential genes in Streptococcus and related bacteria. This extended the methodology commonly used to locate insertional mutations in individual mutants to the analysis of mutations in populations of bacteria. In Streptococcus uberis, a pyogenic Streptococcus associated with intramammary infection and mastitis in ruminants, the mutagen pGhost9:ISS1 was shown to integrate across the entire genome...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825829/metagenomics-probing-pollutant-fate-in-natural-and-engineered-ecosystems
#11
REVIEW
Emna Bouhajja, Spiros N Agathos, Isabelle F George
Polluted environments are a reservoir of microbial species able to degrade or to convert pollutants to harmless compounds. The proper management of microbial resources requires a comprehensive characterization of their genetic pool to assess the fate of contaminants and increase the efficiency of bioremediation processes. Metagenomics offers appropriate tools to describe microbial communities in their whole complexity without lab-based cultivation of individual strains. After a decade of use of metagenomics to study microbiomes, the scientific community has made significant progress in this field...
November 5, 2016: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822553/mockrobiota-a-public-resource-for-microbiome-bioinformatics-benchmarking
#12
Nicholas A Bokulich, Jai Ram Rideout, William G Mercurio, Arron Shiffer, Benjamin Wolfe, Corinne F Maurice, Rachel J Dutton, Peter J Turnbaugh, Rob Knight, J Gregory Caporaso
Mock communities are an important tool for validating, optimizing, and comparing bioinformatics methods for microbial community analysis. We present mockrobiota, a public resource for sharing, validating, and documenting mock community data resources, available at http://caporaso-lab.github.io/mockrobiota/. The materials contained in mockrobiota include data set and sample metadata, expected composition data (taxonomy or gene annotations or reference sequences for mock community members), and links to raw data (e...
September 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822544/multiplexed-metagenomic-deep-sequencing-to-analyze-the-composition-of-high-priority-pathogen-reagents
#13
Michael R Wilson, Greg Fedewa, Mark D Stenglein, Judith Olejnik, Linda J Rennick, Sham Nambulli, Friederike Feldmann, W Paul Duprex, John H Connor, Elke Mühlberger, Joseph L DeRisi
Laboratories studying high-priority pathogens need comprehensive methods to confirm microbial species and strains while also detecting contamination. Metagenomic deep sequencing (MDS) inventories nucleic acids present in laboratory stocks, providing an unbiased assessment of pathogen identity, the extent of genomic variation, and the presence of contaminants. Double-stranded cDNA MDS libraries were constructed from RNA extracted from in vitro-passaged stocks of six viruses (La Crosse virus, Ebola virus, canine distemper virus, measles virus, human respiratory syncytial virus, and vesicular stomatitis virus)...
July 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822389/beyond-dna-an-integrated-and-functional-approach-for-classifying-germline-variants-in-breast-cancer-genes
#14
REVIEW
T Pesaran, R Karam, R Huether, S Li, S Farber-Katz, A Chamberlin, H Chong, H LaDuca, A Elliott
Genetic testing for hereditary breast cancer is an integral part of individualized care in the new era of precision medicine. The accuracy of an assay is reliant on not only the technology and bioinformatics analysis utilized but also the experience and infrastructure required to correctly classify genetic variants as disease-causing. Interpreting the clinical significance of germline variants identified by hereditary cancer testing is complex and has a significant impact on the management of patients who are at increased cancer risk...
2016: International Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821287/combination-of-rna-and-exome-sequencing-increasing-specificity-for-identification-of-somatic-point-mutations-and-indels-in-acute-leukaemia
#15
Marcus C Hansen, Laura L Herborg, Maria Hansen, Anne S Roug, Peter Hokland
Handling of large data sets from whole exome sequencing is a challenge, not the least because of the high risk of detecting false positive variants. Furthermore, there is still no consensus regarding what stage filtering of variants is performed in the bioinformatics pipeline to produce consistent result sets, the extent of filtering and how this is most optimal performed. We hypothesized that combination of coding transcriptome and exomes enables precise identification of both somatic single nucleotide and indel variants early in the bioinformatics process, superseding the need for extensive annotation and validation from external databases...
December 2016: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819317/transcriptomic-analysis-on-the-formation-of-the-viable-putative-non-culturable-state-of-beer-spoilage-lactobacillus-acetotolerans
#16
Junyan Liu, Yang Deng, Brian M Peters, Lin Li, Bing Li, Lequn Chen, Zhenbo Xu, Mark E Shirtliff
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are the most common beer-spoilage bacteria regardless of beer type, and thus pose significant problems for the brewery industry. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic mechanisms involved in the ability of the hard-to-culture beer-spoilage bacterium Lactobacillus acetotolerans to enter into the viable putative non-culturable (VPNC) state. A genome-wide transcriptional analysis of beer-spoilage L. acetotolerans strains BM-LA14526, BM-LA14527, and BM-LA14528 under normal, mid-term and VPNC states were performed using RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) and further bioinformatics analyses...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807934/semester-long-inquiry-based-molecular-biology-laboratory-transcriptional-regulation-in-yeast
#17
Peter M Oelkers
A single semester molecular biology laboratory has been developed in which students design and execute a project examining transcriptional regulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Three weeks of planning are allocated to developing a hypothesis through literature searches and use of bioinformatics. Common experimental plans address a cell process and how three genes that encode for proteins involved in that process are transcriptionally regulated in response to changing environmental conditions. Planning includes designing oligonucleotides to amplify the putative promoters of the three genes of interest...
November 3, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803594/a-time-and-motion-approach-to-micro-costing-of-high-throughput-genomic-assays
#18
S Costa, D A Regier, B Meissner, I Cromwell, S Ben-Neriah, E Chavez, S Hung, C Steidl, D W Scott, M A Marra, S J Peacock, J M Connors
BACKGROUND: Genomic technologies are increasingly used to guide clinical decision-making in cancer control. Economic evidence about the cost-effectiveness of genomic technologies is limited, in part because of a lack of published comprehensive cost estimates. In the present micro-costing study, we used a time-and-motion approach to derive cost estimates for 3 genomic assays and processes-digital gene expression profiling (gep), fluorescence in situ hybridization (fish), and targeted capture sequencing, including bioinformatics analysis-in the context of lymphoma patient management...
October 2016: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798637/the-technical-and-biological-reproducibility-of-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-maldi-tof-ms-based-typing-employment-of-bioinformatics-in-a-multicenter-study
#19
Michael Oberle, Nadia Wohlwend, Daniel Jonas, Florian P Maurer, Geraldine Jost, Sarah Tschudin-Sutter, Katleen Vranckx, Adrian Egli
BACKGROUND: The technical, biological, and inter-center reproducibility of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF MS) typing data has not yet been explored. The aim of this study is to compare typing data from multiple centers employing bioinformatics using bacterial strains from two past outbreaks and non-related strains. MATERIAL/METHODS: Participants received twelve extended spectrum betalactamase-producing E. coli isolates and followed the same standard operating procedure (SOP) including a full-protein extraction protocol...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795346/a-pyrosequencing-based-approach-to-high-throughput-identification-of-influenza-a-h3n2-virus-clades-harboring-antigenic-drift-variants
#20
Vasiliy P Mishin, Tatiana Baranovich, Rebecca Garten, Anton Chesnokov, Anwar I Abd Elal, Michelle Adamczyk, Jennifer LaPlante, Kirsten St George, Alicia M Fry, John Barnes, Stephanie C Chester, Xiyan Xu, Jacqueline M Katz, David E Wentworth, Larisa V Gubareva
Rapid evolution of influenza A(H3N2) viruses necessitates close monitoring of their antigenic properties so emergence and spread of antigenic drift variants can be rapidly identified. Changes in hemagglutinin (HA) acquired by contemporary A(H3N2) viruses hinder antigenic characterization by traditional methods, thus complicating vaccine strain selection. Sequence-based approaches have been used to infer virus antigenicity; however, they are time-consuming and mid-throughput. To facilitate virological surveillance and epidemiological studies, we have developed and validated a pyrosequencing approach that enables identification of six HA clades of contemporary A(H3N2) viruses...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
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