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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351949/pt-and-ot-helper-golf-elbow-a-mobile-app-user-guide-for-getting-a-grip-on-medial-epicondylalgia
#1
Caitlin George, Crystal O Kean, Robert Stanton, Luke J Heales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339062/the-effect-of-humeral-tunnel-locations-on-radiographic-tunnel-changes-in-baseball-players-following-medial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-comparison-of-anatomic-and-nonanatomic-locations
#2
Jin-Young Park, Seok Won Chung, Jun Gyu Lee, Jae-Hyung Lee, Soo Kyung Lee, Hyun Jun Ji, Kyung-Soo Oh
BACKGROUND: There has been no study on radiologic changes after medial ulnar collateral ligament (MUCL) reconstruction and related clinical features. METHODS: Data from 39 baseball players who underwent MUCL reconstruction were collected and analyzed. The baseball players were classified into 2 groups according to the starting point of the humeral tunnel: (1) the lower tip of the medial epicondyle (group NA, n = 21) and (2) the remnant of the MUCL (group A, n = 18)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338541/diagnostic-accuracy-of-clinical-measures-considering-segmental-tissue-composition-and-volume-changes-of-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema
#3
Eun Joo Yang, Seoung Yeon Kim, Woo Hyung Lee, Jae-Young Lim, Jaebong Lee
BACKGROUND: If we use only volumetry for measuring lymphedema, we could underdiagnose lymphedema with characteristics of biomechanical changes without definite volume change, especially in the medial forearm. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 158 breast cancer patients participated in this study. Arm volume was measured by water displacement volumetry, and segmental volumes were calculated from circumferences by using the truncated cone method. Subcutaneous ultrasound echogenicities were assessed on the medial side of the upper arm and forearm of both arms and graded by subcutaneous echogenicity grade (SEG) and revised SEG (rSEG)...
January 17, 2018: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335854/nonreconstruction-options-for-treating-medial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injuries-of-the-elbow-in-overhead-athletes
#4
REVIEW
Nicholas J Clark, Vishal S Desai, Joshua D Dines, Mark E Morrey, Christopher L Camp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to describe the nonreconstructive options for treating ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries ranging from nonoperative measures, including physical therapy and biologic injections, to ligament repair with and without augmentation. RECENT FINDINGS: Nonoperative options for UCL injuries include guided physical therapy and biologic augmentation with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). In some patients, repair of the UCL has shown promising return to sport rates by using modern suture and suture anchor techniques...
January 15, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327556/-surgical-treatment-for-the-fractures-and-dislocations-of-the-elbow-in-old-patients
#5
Hua Xu, Li-Feng Shen, Hua-Jun Yu, Xiao-Wen Zhang, Qiao-Feng Guo
OBJECTIVE: To introduce and report the preliminary results of 7 old patients with fractures and dislocations of the elbow. METHODS: From July 2011 to August 2015, 7 old patients suffered from fractures and dislocations of the elbow(5 of which were terrible triad). One patient had type Iradial head fracture, 3 type IIand 1 type III according to the Mason classification, and 1 type I, 5 type IIand 1 type III according to the Regan-Morrey classification. All the 7 patients received operation and then were treated with external fixation...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327540/-analysis-on-the-effect-of-surgical-cleaning-combined-with-external-fixator-for-the-treatment-of-post-traumatic-heterotopic-ossification-of-elbow-joint
#6
Liang Yan, Jian-Lei Zhao, Shang-Zeng Wang, Li-Na Feng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of surgical treatment using a combined medial and lateral approach combined with an external fixator for the treatment of post-traumatic heterotopic ossification(HO) in patients with stiff elbow joints. METHODS: Surgical release using the combined medial and lateral approach combined with external fixation for the treatment of HO and elbow stiffness in 26 patients from July 2010 to December 2013. The study group included 18 males and 8 females, with an average age 38...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322208/the-association-of-the-medial-joint-vacuum-phenomenon-with-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury-in-symptomatic-elbows-of-younger-athletes
#7
Ryan Tai, Tyson Bolinske, Varand Ghazikhanian, Jacob C Mandell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of intra-articular gas (IAG) on elbow radiography and evaluate variables, including IAG, as predictors of UCL injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This IRB-approved retrospective study consisted of 241 consecutive elbow radiographic studies containing AP radiographs with valgus stress of both symptomatic and asymptomatic sides in 234 patients. The IAG, medial joint space (MJS), and MJS difference between the symptomatic and asymptomatic elbow (MJSD) were evaluated by two readers, as well as patient age, gender, sport played, and handedness...
January 10, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315453/a-partial-posterior-bundle-ulnar-collateral-ligament-tear-in-a-10-year-old-boy
#8
Todd P Pierce, Jennifer Kurowicki, Kimona Issa, Anthony Festa, Vincent K McInerney, Anthony J Scillia
Medial-sided elbow pain is becoming more common among pediatric overhead sport athletes. One potential cause of this is a partial or complete tear of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL). Because the growth plate remains open in many of these athletes, the most common injury experienced is an avulsion at the medial epicondyle. However, although rare, there is a potential to tear the UCL, with the most common tears occurring at the anterior bundle. However, tears to the posterior bundle are quite rare in pediatric patients...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310333/epidemiologic-features-and-management-of-elbow-dislocation-with-associated-fracture-in-pediatric-population
#9
Xuemin Lu, Guisen Yan, Ming Lu, Yuan Guo
This study was conducted to explore epidemiologic features of traumatic elbow dislocation with associated fractures in pediatric population following appropriate treatment options.Incidence of elbow dislocation with associated fractures was analyzed in 67 children using elbow radiographs. Treatment for the displaced elbow joint was performed by closed reduction and proper immobilization. Surgical intervention was applied to restore the correct alignment of the fracture. Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) was used to measure elbow joint function...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305101/development-of-a-hybrid-computational-experimental-framework-for-evaluation-of-damage-mechanisms-of-a-linked-semiconstrained-total-elbow-system
#10
Danial Sharifi Kia, Ryan Willing
BACKGROUND: Long-term durability of total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is a concern, and bearing wear or excessive deformations may necessitate early revision. The current study used experimental wear testing and computational finite element modeling to develop a hybrid computational and experimental framework for the evaluation of TEA damage mechanisms. METHODS: Three Coonrad-Morrey (Zimmer-Biomet Inc., Warsaw, IN, USA) TEA implants were used for experimental wear testing for 200,000  cycles...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289492/does-prosthetic-humeral-articular-surface-positioning-associate-with-outcome-after-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#11
Peter N Chalmers, Erin Granger, Nathan D Orvets, Brendan Patterson, Aaron M Chamberlain, Jay Keener, Robert Z Tashjian
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of humeral articular component positioning on changes in patient-reported outcomes after anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: This was a retrospective series of consecutive patients at 2 high-volume referral centers. The study included patients with (1) a preoperative and postoperative radiograph demonstrating a perfect or nearly perfect profile of the humerus and implant and (2) Simple Shoulder Test, visual analog scale for pain, and American Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Standardized Shoulder Assessment scores preoperatively and at greater than 2 years postoperatively...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289491/the-effect-of-repetitive-baseball-pitching-on-medial-elbow-joint-space-gapping-associated-with-2-elbow-valgus-stressors-in-high-school-baseball-players
#12
Hiroshi Hattori, Kiyokazu Akasaka, Takahiro Otsudo, Toby Hall, Katsuya Amemiya, Yoshihisa Mori
BACKGROUND: To prevent elbow injury in baseball players, various methods have been used to measure medial elbow joint stability with valgus stress. However, no studies have investigated higher levels of elbow valgus stress. This study investigated medial elbow joint space gapping measured ultrasonically resulting from a 30 N valgus stress vs. gravitational valgus stress after a repetitive throwing task. METHODS: The study included 25 high school baseball players...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289396/assessment-of-elbow-torque-and-other-parameters-during-the-pitching-motion-comparison-of-fastball-curveball-and-change-up
#13
Eric C Makhni, Vincent A Lizzio, Fabien Meta, Jeffrey P Stephens, Kelechi R Okoroha, Vasilios Moutzouros
PURPOSE: To assess the precision of a new wearable device in detecting medial elbow torque during the pitching motion in competitive baseball pitchers and to determine the differences in torque across pitch types and thrower demographic characteristics. METHODS: High school and collegiate baseball pitchers were recruited from August 1, 2016, to January 31, 2017, through direct request by athletic trainers and coaches. Body dimensions and throwing arm measurements of the participants were collected...
December 27, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283018/a-practical-clinical-kinematic-model-for-the-upper-limbs
#14
Jonathan J Noble, Nicola Rd Fry, Carly R Bingham, Rebecca H East, Adam P Shortland
A novel clinically practical upper limb model is introduced that has been developed through clinical use in children and adults with neurological conditions to guide surgery to the elbow and wrist. This model has a minimal marker set, minimal virtual markers, and no functional joint centres to minimise the demands on the patient and duration of data collection. The model calculates forearm supination independently from the humerus segment, eliminating any errors introduced by poor modelling of the shoulder joint centre...
December 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248257/forearm-as-a-valuable-source-of-vascularized-bone-graft-for-the-distal-humerus
#15
Reza Shahryar Kamrani, Leila Farhadi, Amir Reza Farhoud
BACKGROUND: The nonunion of a distal humeral fracture is a challenging complication. Our aim was to assess the results of the application of pedicled bone flap to treat this problem. METHODS: There were 6 men and 3 women with delayed union or nonunion of the distal humerus treated by 10 procedures of rigid fixation plus radial bone forearm or posterior interosseous bone flaps. A locking plate was applied for fixation in 4 patients and a pin and plate for 5 patients...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242804/isolated-pure-lateral-dislocation-of-elbow-in-a-9-year-old-child-a-rare-case-report
#16
Sudhir Shyam Kushwaha, Madhuresh Kumar, Kumar Shantanu, Deepak Kumar
Introduction: Dislocations of elbow constitute about 3-6% of all injuries occurring around elbow in children. Posterior dislocations are the most common type, whereas other types of dislocations, especially lateral dislocation in a child are extremely rare. Case Report: A 9-year-old boy with a history of trauma presented with complaints of pain, swelling, and difficulty to move his left elbow. Radiographs revealed lateral dislocation of elbow associated with avulsion of medial condyle...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216764/quantifying-the-center-of-elbow-rotation-implications-for-medial-collateral-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Kraig S Graham, Sara Golla, Sebastian V Gehrmann, Robert A Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: Medial collateral ligament (MCL) reconstruction of the elbow mandates precise characterization of where the centerline of elbow rotation projects onto the medial epicondyle (ME). A muscle-splitting approach allows the flexor-pronator muscles to remain attached to the ME and facilitates visualization of the MCL remnant, the sublime tubercle, and the ulnohumeral joint line. Knowledge of where the centerline of rotation intersects the ME relative to the ulnohumeral joint line may assist the surgeon during placement of the proximal drill hole...
December 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213017/topographical-anatomy-of-the-pronator-teres-muscle-and-median-nerve-a-study-using-histological-sections-of-human-fetuses
#18
Shinichi Abe, Naomitsu Tomita, Masahito Yamamoto, Minako Sato, Hiroshi Abe, Gen Murakami, Jose Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez
The median nerve passes through the humeral and ulnar heads of the pronator teres muscle (PT), although variations such as absence of the ulnar head may exist. We observed histological sections of the upper extremity from 24 embryos and fetuses. In the early stage, the PT extended between the radius and the medial epicondyle of the humerus, but no candidate for the ulnar head was found. In mid-term fetuses, the ulnar margin of the PT was attached to the elbow joint capsule. Moreover, in late-stage fetuses, a small deep part of the PT arose from the thick joint capsule of the humero-ulnar joint near the coronoid process of the ulna...
2017: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201310/a-neglected-markedly-displaced-medial-epicondyle-fracture-with-simultaneous-ulnar-nerve-palsy-in-an-adolescent
#19
Tamer Ahmed El-Sobky, John Fathy Haleem, Hossam Moussa Sakr, Ahmad Saeed Aly
Humeral medial epicondyle fractures constitute around 15% of pediatric elbow fractures. Up to 60% occur in association with elbow dislocations. Knowledge of potential imaging pitfalls when examining acute elbow fractures in children contributes significantly to accurate diagnosis. Nevertheless, management of missed pediatric medial epicondyle fractures has rarely been reported. We present an 11-year-old boy with a neglected and severely displaced medial epicondyle fracture with concurrent ulnar nerve palsy...
December 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193820/osteology-and-radiological-anatomy-of-the-thoracic-limbs-of-temminck-s-ground-pangolin-smutsia-temminckii
#20
Christine Steyn, John T Soley, Martina R Crole
Temminck's ground pangolin is the only pangolin present in South Africa. It is a myrmecophagous mammal with a bipedal gait. The thoracic limbs are used to break open ant nests, dig for food, and expand previously occupied burrows. This study describes the osteology and radiological anatomy of the thoracic limbs of this threatened species. Thoracic limbs from four Temminck's ground pangolins, which succumbed from electrocution or natural causes, were digitally radiographed in situ. The individual bones were then cleaned, described and digitally radiographed...
November 28, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
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