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medial elbow

Yoshihiko Satake, Yuji Tomori, Takuya Sawaizumi, Mitsuhiko Nanno, Norie Kodera, Shinro Takai
Medial epicondyle fractures of the humerus account for 11%-20% of all elbow injuries in children. Although intra-articular incarceration of the medial epicondyle occurs in 5%-18% of medial epicondyle fractures associated with an elbow dislocation, the mechanism of intrusion of the fracture fragment is unknown. We report a case of an irreducible elbow fracture and dislocation due to incarceration of the medial epicondyle fragment of the humerus, classified as a Watson-Jones type 3 fracture of the medial epicondyle, and present the mechanism of the intra-articular incarceration of the medial epicondyle fragment...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
Dominique J Griffon, Ayman A Mostafa, Laurent Blond, David J Schaeffer
OBJECTIVE: To characterize radioulnar incongruence (RUI) in large dogs with medial coronoid disease (MCD) and determine the agreement between radiography, computed tomography (CT), and arthroscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational case series. ANIMALS: Twenty-four large-breed dogs under 3 years of age with confirmed MCD. METHODS: MCD and incongruence were evaluated by radiographs and CT. RUI was measured along the ulnar commissure, mid-body, and apex of the medial coronoid process (MCP) by CT and arthroscopy...
March 13, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Andy Morris, Kerstin Erles, Thomas W Maddox
A 2-year-old cat was presented with the complaint of acute-onset non-weight-bearing lameness of the right forelimb. When examined, the cat was of short stature and had multiple joint and cartilaginous abnormalities suggestive of chondrodysplasia. The cause of the acute lameness was radiographically identified as a displaced osseous fragment from the medial portion of the right humeral condyle. The features of the osseous fragment were consistent with an ununited medial condylar ossification centre of the distal humerus...
February 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Sudarshan Anandkumar, Murugavel Manivasagam
This case series describes three patients who presented with right medial elbow pain managed unsuccessfully with conservative treatment that included medication, massage, exercise therapy, ultrasound therapy, neurodynamic mobilization, and taping. Diagnosis of cubital tunnel syndrome was based on palpatory findings, a positive elbow flexion test, and a positive Tinel's sign. Conventionally, the intervention for this entrapment has been surgical decompression, with successful outcomes. This is potentially a first-time description of the successful management of cubital tunnel syndrome with dry needling (DN) using a recently published DN grading system...
March 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Rony-Orijit Dey Hazra, Helmut Lill, Gunnar Jensen, Julia Imrecke, Alexander Ellwein
Around one third of humeral fractures and 2-6% of all fractures occur to the distal part of the humerus. There is a bimodal distribution differentiating between young male patients with high-energy and elderly female patients with low-energy trauma related to osteoporosis. The AO classification and Dubberley subclassification are used in daily routine. Most fractures are diagnosed on radiographs. For further evaluation, three-dimensional computed tomography is recommended, especially for comminuted or complex fractures...
2018: Obere Extremität
Joel B Huleatt, Carl W Nissen, Matthew D Milewski
The treatment of sports injuries in the skeletally immature has a unique set of complications. Growth deformity may occur after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; therefore, skeletal age is used to help guide the choice between physeal sparing and transphyseal techniques. Arthrofibrosis after tibial spine fracture fixation can be reduced by initiating immediate range of motion, and should be treated early and cautiously to avoid iatrogenic fracture. Nonunions of medial epicondyle elbow fractures are more common with nonoperative treatment, but seldom lead to clinical problems outside of certain athletes...
April 2018: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Tomohiro Yoshizawa, Yoshikazu Okamoto, Kenta Tanaka, Takeshi Makihara, Tomoko Tonoe, Manabu Minami, Masashi Yamazaki
OBJECTIVE: Multimodality elbow screening of adolescent baseball players shows apparent laterality in morphology and signal intensity of the medial epicondyle on dedicated magnetic resonance imaging. We aimed to elucidate actual imaging laterality in the medial epicondyle by comparing magnetic resonance images of the dominant and contradominant elbows and to clarify the clinical meaning and mechanism of this phenomenon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a 0.2-T dedicated magnetic resonance imaging scanner...
March 9, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Brett S Pexa, Eric D Ryan, Joseph B Myers
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that the amount of valgus torque placed on the elbow joint during overhead throwing is higher than the medial ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) can tolerate. Wrist and finger flexor muscle activity is hypothesized to make up for this difference, and in vitro studies that simulated activity of upper extremity musculature, specifically the flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor carpi ulnaris, support this hypothesis. PURPOSE: To assess the medial elbow joint space at rest, under valgus stress, and under valgus stress with finger and forearm flexor contraction by use of ultrasonography in vivo...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Ardalan Shariat, Pardis Noormohammadpour, Amir Hossein Memari, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Joshua A Cleland, Ramin Kordi
A 40-year-old retired male elite athlete with more than 20 years' experience in wrestling and bodybuilding with mild elbow pain and disability of 2 years presented to our clinic reporting an acute pain in medial aspect of the elbow. Physical examination revealed symptoms of left Golfer's elbow during target-directed movements. The results of sonography in left elbow showed low level of hypo echo irregularity and increased blood flow in color Doppler mode in the common flexor origin. The pain amplitude was moderate at rest and extremely high during kinetic and intentional movements...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Andrew Chia Chen Chou, Ho Yin Kevin Wong, Sumanth Kumar, Arjandas Mahadev
BACKGROUND: Distal humerus physeal separations are rare pediatric elbow fractures that are often misdiagnosed and difficult to treat. Adequate reduction is often technically challenging and up to 71% of children develop postoperative cubitus varus. We propose using the medial and lateral humeral lines as an adjunct to elbow arthrography in order to guide intraoperative fixation of distal humerus physeal separations to reduce the incidence of postoperative cubitus varus. METHODS: From 2009 to 2014, all pediatric patients under the age of 3 diagnosed with a distal humerus physeal separation and treated surgically at our institution were included for analysis...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Erica Kholinne, Rizki Fajar Zulkarnain, Yu Cheng Sun, SungJoon Lim, Jae-Myeung Chun, In-Ho Jeon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the functional role of each head of the triceps brachii muscle, depending on the angle of shoulder elevation, and to compare each muscle force and activity by using a virtual biomechanical simulator and surface electromyography. METHODS: Ten healthy participants (8 males and 2 females) were included in this study. The mean age was 29.2 years (23-45). Each participant performed elbow extension tasks in five different degrees (0, 45, 90, 135, and 180°) of shoulder elevation with three repetitions...
March 1, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Sedat Develi
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the existence of nerve innervation of the triceps brachii muscle via ulnar nerve and its clinical importance in terms of nerve transfer or susceptibility to iatrogenic injuries during surgical procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 35 skeletally mature upper extremities of adult cadavers were included in the present study. Ulnar nerve was revealed from medial cord to the distal of cubital fossa. Existence of the branches of the ulnar nerve and communicant branch of the radial nerve was examined in the brachium...
February 7, 2018: Turkish Neurosurgery
F F Fernandez, S Vatlach, T Wirth, O Eberhardt
The medial condyle fracture of the humerus is-in comparison to the lateral condyle fracture-a very rare Salter-Harrison IV-fracture of the elbow. In this prospective study 14 children were included and reviewed. One child had minimal displacement fracture type I, one child had type II, and 12 children had type III-fractures. One patient was treated conservatively by an upper arm cast; thirteen were surgically treated using open reduction and osteosynthetical treatment. Postoperatively the elbow was immobilized in 90° flexion and neutral position in a long-arm cast for 4-6 weeks...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Yuki Matsui, Tadanao Funakoshi, Daisuke Momma, Azusa Miyamoto, Kaori Endo, Kozo Furushima, Kazuhiro Fujisaki, Norimasa Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: Predictive factors for the development of osteoarthritis in adolescent osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the humeral capitellum remain unclear. The objectives of this study were to assess subchondral bone density in the radial head fovea of patients with OCD and to evaluate stress distribution in the radiocapitellar joint. The relationship between radiologic classification and stress distribution, according to multivariate ordinal regression analysis, was also investigated...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Sara L Dorman, James A Shelton, Robert Allen Stevenson, Kenneth Linkman, Jamie Kirkham, Daniel C Perry
BACKGROUND: Medial humeral epicondyle fractures of the elbow are one of the most common injuries in childhood and often require surgery. There are currently no standardised outcome measures to assess progress after an elbow injury in a child. Wide variation in currently reported outcomes makes comparison of treatment difficult. This study aims to identify outcome measures that have previously been reported in studies evaluating the management of medial epicondyle fractures in children and to facilitate the development of a consensus core outcome set (COS) suitable for use in all future studies of medial humeral epicondyle fractures in children...
February 20, 2018: Trials
Zhi Tang, Shao-Dong Xie, Shen Cao, Qian Cao, Yun-Qin Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Chuan Zhang, Zuo-Jun Zhang, Lei Wang, Zhong-Xiao Chang, Lin-Ping Yang, Ming Zhao, Xing-Xing Li, Rui-Ping Feng, Guo-Jie Wang, Xiao-Bo Duan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic effects of distal humeral lateral closing wedge osteotomy followed by modified pinning combined with external tension band fixation in the treatment of cubitus varus deformity in children. METHODS: Total 26 adult patients with cubitus varus deformity were treated by operation from March 2011 to June 2015, 15 patients were boys and the other 11 patients were girls, ranging in age from 4 to 13 years, with an average of 7.8 years...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jingfeng Zhang, Junli Wang, Xiongwei Mao, Zhengang Li
RATIONALE: Synovial cysts are well known in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and most common in the popliteal fossa. They may produce lots of local symptoms and complaints, which may present initially as an unrelated clinical condition. Few studies have reported multiple extra-articular synovial cysts (MESCs) in the RA patients. Early diagnosis is crucial for patient treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old man without any special clinical histories found a soya bean size bump at the left elbow medially, then multiple lumps were found at bilateral elbows and gradually increasing...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Timothy B Griffith, James Kercher, S Clifton Willimon, Crystal Perkins, Xavier A Duralde
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With an increasing rate of adolescent elbow injuries, especially in throwing athletes, the purpose of this review is to investigate the current literature regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and non-operative and operative outcomes of medial epicondyle fractures, ulnar collateral ligament repair, osteochondritis dissecans of the elbow, and olecranon stress fractures. RECENT FINDINGS: Acceptable outcomes with both non-operative and operative treatments of medial epicondyle fractures have been reported, with surgical indications continuing to evolve...
February 14, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
E Kholinne, H-J Lee, G-Y Kim, M F Deslivia, A Adikrishna, Z Bin, S-J Lee, I-J Rhyu, L Sungjoon, H-P Hong, I-H Jeon
BACKGROUND: The human elbow maintains its stability mainly through its bony structure. Stability is enhanced by ligamentous structures. To allow the ligamento-muscular reflex, which protects against strain and stress, mechanoreceptors are embedded in the ligament. This report describes the existence and the distribution of the elbow medial collateral ligaments (MCLs) mechanoreceptors. HYPOTHESIS: 1) the bony attachment site has the highest density of mechanoreceptors, and 2) the anterior part has the highest density of mechanoreceptors...
February 1, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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