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Acquired language disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425776/development-of-the-aboriginal-communication-assessment-after-brain-injury-acaabi-a-screening-tool-for-identifying-acquired-communication-disorders-in-aboriginal-australians
#1
Elizabeth M Armstrong, Natalie Ciccone, Deborah Hersh, Judith Katzenellebogen, Juli Coffin, Sandra Thompson, Leon Flicker, Colleen Hayward, Deborah Woods, Meaghan McAllister
PURPOSE: Acquired communication disorders (ACD), following stroke and traumatic brain injury, may not be correctly identified in Aboriginal Australians due to a lack of linguistically and culturally appropriate assessment tools. Within this paper we explore key issues that were considered in the development of the Aboriginal Communication Assessment After Brain Injury (ACAABI) - a screening tool designed to assess the presence of ACD in Aboriginal populations. METHOD: A literature review and consultation with key stakeholders were undertaken to explore directions needed to develop a new tool, based on existing tools and recommendations for future developments...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337168/working-memory-capacity-as-a-factor-influencing-the-relationship-between-language-outcome-and-rehabilitation-in-mandarin-speaking-preschoolers-with-congenital-hearing-impairment
#2
Ming Lo, Pei-Hua Chen
Memory processes could account for a significant part of the variance in language performances of hearing-impaired children. However, the circumstance in which the performance of hearing-impaired children can be nearly the same as the performance of hearing children remains relatively little studied. Thus, a group of pre-school children with congenital, bilateral hearing loss and a group of pre-school children with normal hearing were invited to participate in this study. In addition, the hearing-impaired participants were divided into two groups according to their working memory span...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283893/tranexamic-acid-in-the-treatment-of-melasma-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Marina Perper, Ariel Eva Eber, Rachel Fayne, Sebastian Hugo Verne, Robert James Magno, Jessica Cervantes, Mana ALharbi, Ibrahim ALOmair, Abdulkarem Alfuraih, Keyvan Nouri
Melasma is a common acquired pigmentary disorder marked by irregular hyperpigmented macules or patches and most commonly occurs in women of darker skin color. It is a chronic often-relapsing condition that causes negative psychosocial effects in those affected. Current treatments such as hydroquinone, kojic acid, and retinoids, among others, demonstrate variable efficacy and side-effect profiles. We conducted a comprehensive literature review examining the use of tranexamic acid (TA), a well-known anti-fibrinolytic agent, in the treatment of melasma...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250756/evidence-of-cortical-reorganization-of-language-networks-after-stroke-with-subacute-broca-s-aphasia-a-blood-oxygenation-level-dependent-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#4
Wei-Hong Qiu, Hui-Xiang Wu, Qing-Lu Yang, Zhuang Kang, Zhao-Cong Chen, Kui Li, Guo-Rong Qiu, Chun-Qing Xie, Gui-Fang Wan, Shao-Qiong Chen
Aphasia is an acquired language disorder that is a common consequence of stroke. The pathogenesis of the disease is not fully understood, and as a result, current treatment options are not satisfactory. Here, we used blood oxygenation level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate the activation of bilateral cortices in patients with Broca's aphasia 1 to 3 months after stroke. Our results showed that language expression was associated with multiple brain regions in which the right hemisphere participated in the generation of language...
January 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121021/interventions-for-dysarthria-due-to-stroke-and-other-adult-acquired-non-progressive-brain-injury
#5
REVIEW
Claire Mitchell, Audrey Bowen, Sarah Tyson, Zoe Butterfint, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria is an acquired speech disorder following neurological injury that reduces intelligibility of speech due to weak, imprecise, slow and/or unco-ordinated muscle control. The impact of dysarthria goes beyond communication and affects psychosocial functioning. This is an update of a review previously published in 2005. The scope has been broadened to include additional interventions, and the title amended accordingly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions to improve dysarthric speech following stroke and other non-progressive adult-acquired brain injury such as trauma, infection, tumour and surgery...
January 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114692/-crossed-aphasia
#6
Martin Schorl, Britta Förster, Ines Kropff, Mauricio Parra Vasquez
Crossed aphasia (CA) is a rare acquired language disorder caused by a right-sided brain lesion in dextrals. Based on a case report, relevant aspects for the diagnosis of CA and differential diagnoses will be outlined. Relevant hypotheses concerning etiology, epidemiology, phenomenology and pathophysiology will be discussed with reference to the literature. The phenomenon of CA has contributed for decades to the development of hypotheses concerning lateralization of cognitive abilities.
January 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094463/network-over-connectivity-differentiates-autism-spectrum-disorder-from-other-developmental-disorders-in-toddlers-a-diffusion-mri-study
#7
E Conti, J Mitra, S Calderoni, K Pannek, K K Shen, A Pagnozzi, S Rose, S Mazzotti, D Scelfo, M Tosetti, F Muratori, G Cioni, A Guzzetta
Advanced connectivity studies in toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are increasing and consistently reporting a disruption of brain connectivity. However, most of these studies compare ASD and typically developing subjects, thus providing little information on the specificity of the abnormalities detected in comparison with other developmental disorders (other-DD). We recruited subjects aged below 36 months who received a clinical diagnosis of Neurodevelopmental Disorder (32 ASD and 16 other-DD including intellectual disability and language disorder) according to DSM-IV TR...
January 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032409/change-in-receptive-vocabulary-from-childhood-to-adulthood-associated-mental-health-education-and-employment-outcomes
#8
Rebecca Armstrong, Wendy Arnott, David A Copland, Katie McMahon, Asaduzzaman Khan, Jake M Najman, James G Scott
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have found that early language delays are associated with poorer long-term outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. Few studies have explored the influence of change in language ability over time on adult outcomes. AIM: To examine the educational, vocational and mental health outcomes for adults accounting for different vocabulary developmental profiles over a 16-year period. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 1914 participants of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) were categorized into four groups based on their vocabulary skills at 5 and 21 years: (1) persistently good (n = 1679), (2) persistently poor (n = 33), (3) improved (n = 160), and (4) deteriorated (n = 42)...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974878/learning-to-drive-in-young-adults-with-language-impairment
#9
Kevin Durkin, Umar Toseeb, Andrew Pickles, Nicola Botting, Gina Conti-Ramsden
Language impairment (LI) is a common developmental disorder which affects many aspects of young people's functional skills and engagement with society. Little is known of early driving behaviour in those with this disability. This longitudinal study examines early driving experience in a sample of young adults with LI, compared with a sample of typically developing age-matched peers (AMPs). At age 24 years, significantly fewer participants with LI had acquired a driving licence. A crucial hurdle for those with LI appeared to be the Theory part of the (UK) test...
October 2016: Transportation Research. Part F, Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974004/barriers-to-integrating-mental-health-services-in-community-based-primary-care-settings-in-mexico-city-a-qualitative-analysis
#10
William Martinez, Jorge Galván, Nayelhi Saavedra, Shoshana Berenzon
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of mental disorders in Mexico, minimal mental health services are available and there are large gaps in mental health treatment. Community-based primary care settings are often the first contact between patients and the health system and thus could serve as important settings for assessing and treating mental disorders. However, no formal assessment has been undertaken regarding the feasibility of implementing these services in Mexico. Before tools are developed to undertake such an assessment, a more nuanced understanding of the microprocesses affecting mental health service delivery must be acquired...
December 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912886/medicinal-plants-and-natural-molecules-with-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-activity-against-rotavirus-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Gopalsamy Rajiv Gandhi, Paula Gurgel Barreto, Bruno Dos Santos Lima, Jullyana de Souza Siqueira Quintans, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo, Narendra Narain, Lucindo Jose Quintans-Júnior, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel
BACKGROUND: Rotaviruses can cause life-threatening health disorders, such as severe dehydrating gastroenteritis and diarrhea in children. Vaccination is the main preventive strategy to reduce rotavirus diarrhea and the severity of episodes, but vaccines are not fully effective and new episodes may occur, even in vaccinated children. The WHO recommends oral rehydration therapy and zinc supplementation for rotavirus-induced diarrhea management. There is little preclinical evidence to support the use of phytotherapeutics in the management of rotaviral infections...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871239/lesbian-womens-access-to-healthcare-experiences-with-and-expectations-towards-gps-in-german-primary-care
#12
Oliver Hirsch, Karina Löltgen, Annette Becker
BACKGROUND: Lesbian women have higher rates of physical and psychiatric disorders associated with experiences of discrimination, homophobia and difficulties with coming out. Therefore, easy access to specialized healthcare in an open atmosphere is needed. We aimed to describe women's access to and experiences with healthcare in Germany, and to assess the responsibility of the general practitioner (GP) compared to other specialities providing primary health care. METHODS: A questionnaire study was conducted via internet and paper-based sampling...
November 21, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849243/moyamoya-disease-impact-on-the-performance-of-oral-and-written-language
#13
Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica, Camila da Costa Ribeiro, Plínio Marcos Duarte Pinto Ferraz, Maria de Lourdes Merighi Tabaquim
Moyamoya disease is an unusual form of occlusive, cerebrovascular disorder that affects the arteries of the central nervous system, causing acquired language alterations and learning difficulties. The study aim was to describe the oral/written language and cognitive skills in a seven-year-and-seven-month-old girl diagnosed with Moyamoya disease. The assessment consisted of interviews with her parents and application of the following instruments: Observation of Communicative Behavior, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Academic Performance Test, Profile of Phonological Awareness, Raven's Progressive Matrices Test, Special Scale, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784208/early-and-mild-phases-of-primary-progressive-aphasia-a-case-series
#14
Jessica Powell, James Lendrum, Rosalind Huff, Christine Belden, Marwan Noel Sabbagh
BACKGROUND: The early and mild phases of various neurodegenerative diseases, sometimes described as mild cognitive impairment (MCI), has been characterized as the transitional state between normal cognition and dementia. It is described as having cognitive decline not severe enough to cause functional impairment. MCI has been divided into amnestic and non-amnestic subtypes with the amnestic subtype most commonly progressing to AD. The MCI phase of other dementias such as DLB has also been described...
October 24, 2016: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736811/the-atlanta-motor-speech-disorders-corpus-motivation-development-and-utility
#15
Jacqueline Laures-Gore, Scott Russell, Rupal Patel, Michael Frankel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This paper describes the design and collection of a comprehensive spoken language dataset from speakers with motor speech disorders in Atlanta, Ga., USA. This collaborative project aimed to gather a spoken database consisting of nonmainstream American English speakers residing in the Southeastern US in order to provide a more diverse perspective of motor speech disorders. METHODS: Ninety-nine adults with an acquired neurogenic disorder resulting in a motor speech disorder were recruited...
October 14, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682222/characteristics-of-number-transcoding-errors-of-chinese-versus-english-speaking-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#16
Simon Kang Seng Ting, Pei Shi Chia, Kevin Kwek, Wilnard Tan, Shahul Hameed
Number processing disorder is an acquired deficit in mathematical skills commonly observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD), usually as a consequence of neurological dysfunction. Common impairments include syntactic errors (800012 instead of 8012) and intrusion errors (8 thousand and 12 instead of eight thousand and twelve) in number transcoding tasks. This study aimed to understand the characterization of AD-related number processing disorder within an alphabetic language (English) and ideographical language (Chinese), and to investigate the differences between alphabetic and ideographic language processing...
October 2016: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562095/a-comparative-historical-and-demographic-study-of-the-neuromodulation-management-techniques-of-deep-brain-stimulation-for-dystonia-and-cochlear-implantation-for-sensorineural-deafness-in-children
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
V E Hudson, A Elniel, I Ughratdar, B Zebian, R Selway, J P Lin
Cochlear implants for sensorineural deafness in children is one of the most successful neuromodulation techniques known to relieve early chronic neurodisability, improving activity and participation. In 2012 there were 324,000 recipients of cochlear implants globally. AIM: To compare cochlear implant (CI) neuromodulation with deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonia in childhood and explore relations between age and duration of symptoms at implantation and outcome. METHODS: Comparison of published annual UK CI figures for 1985-2009 with a retrospective cohort of the first 9 years of DBS for dystonia in children at a single-site Functional Neurosurgery unit from 2006 to 14...
January 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559169/neural-basis-of-acquired-amusia-and-its-recovery-after-stroke
#18
Aleksi J Sihvonen, Pablo Ripollés, Vera Leo, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Seppo Soinila, Teppo Särkämö
UNLABELLED: Although acquired amusia is a relatively common disorder after stroke, its precise neuroanatomical basis is still unknown. To evaluate which brain regions form the neural substrate for acquired amusia and its recovery, we performed a voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) and morphometry (VBM) study with 77 human stroke subjects. Structural MRIs were acquired at acute and 6 month poststroke stages. Amusia and aphasia were behaviorally assessed at acute and 3 month poststroke stages using the Scale and Rhythm subtests of the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia (MBEA) and language tests...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555813/mild-developmental-foreign-accent-syndrome-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-altered-white-matter-integrity-in-speech-and-emotion-regulation-networks
#19
Marcelo L Berthier, Núria Roé-Vellvé, Ignacio Moreno-Torres, Carles Falcon, Karl Thurnhofer-Hemsi, José Paredes-Pacheco, María J Torres-Prioris, Irene De-Torres, Francisco Alfaro, Antonio L Gutiérrez-Cardo, Miquel Baquero, Rafael Ruiz-Cruces, Guadalupe Dávila
Foreign accent syndrome (FAS) is a speech disorder that is defined by the emergence of a peculiar manner of articulation and intonation which is perceived as foreign. In most cases of acquired FAS (AFAS) the new accent is secondary to small focal lesions involving components of the bilaterally distributed neural network for speech production. In the past few years FAS has also been described in different psychiatric conditions (conversion disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia) as well as in developmental disorders (specific language impairment, apraxia of speech)...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504264/atypical-benign-partial-epilepsy-of-childhood-with-acquired-neurocognitive-lexical-semantic-and-autistic-spectrum-disorder
#20
Nicholas M Allen, Judith Conroy, Thierry Deonna, Dara McCreary, Paul McGettigan, Cathy Madigan, Imogen Carter, Sean Ennis, Sally A Lynch, Amre Shahwan, Mary D King
Atypical benign partial epilepsy (ABPE) of childhood or pseudo-Lennox syndrome is a form of idiopathic focal epilepsy characterized by multiple seizure types, focal and/or generalized epileptiform discharges, continuous spike-wave during sleep (CSWS), and sometimes reversible neurocognitive deficits. There are few reported cases of ABPE describing detailed correlative longitudinal follow-up of the various associated neurocognitive, language, social communicative, or motor deficits, in parallel with the epilepsy...
2016: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
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