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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620467/recent-advances-in-understanding-lung-function-development
#1
REVIEW
Erik Melén, Stefano Guerra
Recent years have witnessed critical contributions to our understanding of the determinants and long-term implications of lung function development. In this article, we review studies that have contributed to advances in understanding lung function development and its critical importance for lung health into adult life. In particular, we have focused on early life determinants that include genetic factors, perinatal events, environmental exposures, lifestyle, infancy lower respiratory tract infections, and persistent asthma phenotypes...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599742/assessing-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy
#2
Allyssa L Harris, Chiamaka S Okorie
Recreational and medicinal marijuana uses have become more prevalent in recent years. Women's health nurses are increasingly likely to encounter pregnant women who use or have used marijuana. Research has found that inadequate screening for substance use, inadequate knowledge about the effects of marijuana use, and punitive counseling are barriers to women's understanding of the importance of seeking treatment for substance use. Provision of evidence-based counseling, education, and resources support women and strengthen the patient-provider relationship...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597576/perinatal-medicine-and-general-obstetrics
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593902/inverted-pyramid-of-prenatal-care-is-it-enough-should-it-be-extended-inverted-pyramid-of-prenatal-care
#4
Aleksandar Ljubić
In recent years, the idea of the inverted pyramid of prenatal care and monitoring has emerged, for the purpose of prediction and prevention, early detection and treatment of health disorders of the fetus. Is this enough? If we analyze the period behind us, progress has been made in the field of detection of multiple pregnancies, dating of pregnancy and prenatal detection of chromosomal and structural fetal disorders, as well as a small amount of progress in terms of prediction and prevention of preeclampsia...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585843/triple-pregnancy-with-mixed-chorionicity-following-in-vitro-fertilization-is-fetal-reduction-neccesary
#5
A Sobek, M Procházka, E Klásková, B Zbořilová, M Lubušký, A Sobek
OBJECTIVE: The increasing incidence and management of monozygotic twinning in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) has been the subject of much debate. Here, we describe the management and outcome of two triple pregnancies with mixed chorionicity with a monochorionic-diamniotic twin pair and a singleton following the transfer of two embryos during IVF treatment. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Palacký University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579623/reference-curve-for-the-mean-uterine-artery-pulsatility-index-in-singleton-pregnancies
#6
Alexander Weichert, Andreas Hagen, Michael Tchirikov, Ilka B Fuchs, Wolfgang Henrich, Michael Entezami
INTRODUCTION: Doppler sonography of the uterine artery (UA) is done to monitor pregnancies, because the detected flow patterns are useful to draw inferences about possible disorders of trophoblast invasion. Increased resistance in the UA is associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia and/or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and perinatal mortality. In the absence of standardized figures, the normal ranges of the various available reference curves sometimes differ quite substantially from one another...
May 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579106/pre-pregnancy-bmi-specific-optimal-gestational-weight-gain-for-women-in-japan
#7
Naho Morisaki, Chie Nagata, Seung Chik Jwa, Haruhiko Sago, Shigeru Saito, Emily Oken, Takeo Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines are the most widely used guidelines on gestational weight gain; however, accumulation of evidence that body composition in Asians differs from other races has brought concern regarding whether their direct application is appropriate. We aimed to study to what extent optimal gestational weight gain among women in Japan differs by pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and to compare estimated optimal gestational weight gain to current Japanese and Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552386/tools-and-methods-for-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-in-perinatal-care
#8
Amy T Nathan, Heather C Kaplan
The quality of health care is now recognized to vary widely in all medical specialties, including perinatal medicine. A national focus on quality improvement (QI) and patient safety is prompting providers to change and improve the care given to patients. All QI and safety efforts require the use of an improvement model to manage the complex process of improving care. This article reviews the most common frameworks in use today, including the Model for Improvement, Six Sigma, and Lean. Specific tools such as affinity, key driver and fishbone diagrams, process maps and statistical process control, as well as checklists are reviewed, with examples from the perinatal literature to illustrate their use in perinatal QI efforts...
April 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549467/the-prediction-diagnosis-and-management-of-complications-in-monochorionic-twin-pregnancies-the-ommit-optimal-management-of-monochorionic-twins-study
#9
Fiona L Mackie, R Katie Morris, Mark D Kilby
BACKGROUND: Monochorionic twin pregnancies are at increased risk of complications due to sharing a single placenta and potentially developing unbalanced vascular anastomoses. Complications include twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) which affects 10-15% monochorionic twins, and if untreated has a 70-90% perinatal loss rate. We are currently unable to predict which twins will develop complications or to what severity. We have previously shown differences in angiogenic and placental growth factors in maternal blood in pregnancies complicated by TTTS compared to twin pregnancies not complicated by TTTS but matched for gestation...
May 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545266/-analysis-of-misssed-diagnosis-and-misdiagnosis-of-1-212-cases-with-placental-abruption
#10
D Xu, C Liang, J W Xu, J He
Objective: To investigate the risk factors and clinical manifestations of placental abruption, and to analyze the causes of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 135 584 women who delivered in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2005 to December 2015. The diagnosis of placental abruption was made in 1 212 cases. According to the consistency of prenatal and postnatal diagnosis, they were divided into 3 groups. (1) The diagnosis was consistent prenatally and postnatally in 715 cases(58...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543169/gestational-weight-gain-in-the-first-two-pregnancies-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-the-second-pregnancy
#11
Maya Tabet, Lorie M Harper, Louise H Flick, Jen Jen Chang
BACKGROUND: Gestational Weight Gain (GWG) below or above the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, it remains unknown whether the risk of adverse outcomes is affected by GWG in a previous pregnancy. We examined associations between GWG in the index (second) pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes, including preterm delivery and small for gestational age (SGA), while taking into consideration GWG in the first pregnancy. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study (n = 210 564), using the Missouri maternally-linked birth registry (1989-2005), we used multivariable Poisson regression with robust error variance stratified by prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) to evaluate associations between GWG in the index pregnancy and a composite indicator of GWG in the first and second pregnancies and our outcomes of interest, after controlling for sociodemographic and pregnancy-related confounders...
May 24, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538237/update-on-postnatal-steroids
#12
Henry L Halliday
Antenatal steroid treatment to enhance fetal lung maturity and surfactant treatment to prevent or treat respiratory distress syndrome have been major advances in perinatal medicine in the past 40 years contributing to improved outcomes for preterm infants. Use of postnatal steroids to prevent or treat chronic lung disease in preterm infants has been less successful and associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Although early (in the first week of life) postnatal steroid treatment facilitates earlier extubation and reduces the risk of chronic lung disease, it is associated with adverse effects, such as hyperglycemia, hypertension, gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, growth failure, and cerebral palsy, and cannot be recommended...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531885/fetal-treatment-2017-the-evolution-of-fetal-therapy-centers-a-joint-opinion-from-the-international-fetal-medicine-and-surgical-society-ifmss-and-the-north-american-fetal-therapy-network-naftnet
#13
Anita J Moon-Grady, Ahmet Baschat, Darrell Cass, Mahesh Choolani, Joshua A Copel, Timothy M Crombleholme, Jan Deprest, Stephen P Emery, Mark I Evans, Francois I Luks, Mary E Norton, Greg Ryan, Kuojen Tsao, Ross Welch, Michael Harrison
More than 3 decades ago, a small group of physicians and other practitioners active in what they called "fetal treatment" authored an opinion piece outlining the current status and future challenges anticipated in the field. Many advances in maternal, neonatal, and perinatal care and diagnostic and therapeutic modalities have been made in the intervening years, yet a thoughtful reassessment of the basic tenets put forth in 1982 has not been published. The present effort will aim to provide a framework for contemporary redefinition of the field of fetal treatment, with a brief discussion of the necessary minimum expertise and systems base for the provision of different types of interventions for both the mother and fetus...
May 23, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522319/association-between-gestational-weight-gain-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-women-with-chronic-hypertension
#14
Lynn M Yee, Aaron B Caughey, Yvonne W Cheng
BACKGROUND: Gestational weight gain above or below the 2009 National Academy of Medicine guidelines has been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Although it has been well established that excess gestational weight gain is associated with the development of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, the relationship between gestational weight gain and adverse perinatal outcomes among women with pregestational (chronic) hypertension is less clear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between gestational weight gain above and below National Academy of Medicine guidelines and perinatal outcomes in a large, population-based cohort of women with chronic hypertension...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493821/multicentric-studies-of-the-fetal-neurobehavior-by-kanet-test
#15
Asim Kurjak, Panos Antsaklis, Milan Stanojevic, Radu Vladareanu, Simona Vladareanu, Raul Moreira Neto, Lara Spalldi Barisic, Selma Porovic, Taib Delic
Assessment of fetal neurobehavior and detection of neurological impairment prenatally has been a great challenge in perinatal medicine. The evolution of four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound not only enabled a better visualization of fetal anatomy but also allowed the study of fetal behavior in real time. Kurjak Antenatal Neurodevelopmental Test (KANET) was developed for the assessment of fetal neurobehavior and the detection of neurological disorders, based on the assessment of the fetus by application of 4D ultrasound in the same way that a neonate is assessed postnatally...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490962/effects-of-perinatal-exposure-to-zamzam-water-on-the-teratological-studies-of-the-mice-offspring
#16
Gasem Mohammad Abu-Taweel
Zamzam water is well documented for plenty of medicinal value for curing illness. In the present study, the effects of perinatal consumption of Zamzam and normal drinking water by the pregnant mice on their offspring's physical parameters, early sensory motor reflexes, locomotor activities, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in the homogenize brain tissue and blood parameters were compared. To achieve that; Zamzam water was given to female Swiss-Webster strain mice as the only source of drinking fluid and the control animals were administered plain tap water...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482713/preterm-labor-and-birth-management-recommendations-from-the-european-association-of-perinatal-medicine
#17
G C Di Renzo, L Cabero Roura, F Facchinetti, H Helmer, C Hubinont, B Jacobsson, J S Jørgensen, R F Lamont, A Mikhailov, N Papantoniou, V Radzinsky, A Shennan, Y Ville, Gha Visser, M Wielgos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448871/immunomodulatory-effects-of-stem-cells-therapeutic-option-for-neurodegenerative-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Martin Caprnda, Peter Kubatka, Katarina Gazdikova, Iveta Gasparova, Vanda Valentova, Nadezda Stollarova, Giampiero La Rocca, Nazarii Kobyliak, Jozef Dragasek, Ioana Mozos, Robert Prosecky, Dario Siniscalco, Dietrich Büsselberg, Luis Rodrigo, Peter Kruzliak
Stem cells have the capability of self-renewal and can differentiate into different cell types that might be used in regenerative medicine. Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) currently lack effective treatments. Although stem cell therapy is still on the way from bench to bedside, we consider that it might provide new hope for patients suffering with neurodegenerative diseases. In this article, we will give an overview of recent studies on the potential therapeutic use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), neural stem cells (NSCs), embryonic stem cells (ESCs), induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), and perinatal stem cells to neurodegenerative disorders and we will describe their immunomodulatory mechanisms of action in specific therapeutic modalities...
July 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416208/fetal-and-perinatal-stem-cells-in-cardiac-regeneration-moving-forward-to-the-paracrine-era
#19
C Balbi, S Bollini
Cardiovascular disease (CD) is a major burden for Western society. Regenerative medicine has provided encouraging results, yet it has not addressed the focal defects causing CD and mainly related to the inefficient repair programme of the heart. In this scenario, stem cells have been broadly investigated and their paracrine effect proposed as a possible working strategy to boost endogenous mechanisms of repair and regeneration from within the cardiac tissue. The scientific community is now focusing on identifying the most effective stem cell secretome, as the whole of bioactive factors and extracellular vesicles secreted by stem cells and endowed with regenerative potential...
April 12, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410627/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Pao-Yen Lin, Cheng-Ho Chang, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Helen Chen, Kuan-Pin Su
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 (or n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are promising antidepressant treatments for perinatal depression (PND) because of supporting evidence from clinical trials, the advantage in safety, and their anti-inflammatory and neuroplastic effects. Although several observational studies have shown n-3 PUFA deficits in women with PND, the results of individual PUFAs from different studies were inconsistent. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to compare the levels of PUFA indices, including eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, arachidonic acid, total n-3, total n-6, and the n-6/n-3 ratio between women with PND and healthy control subjects...
March 9, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
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