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Perinatal medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882748/-application-of-the-concetrations-ratio-of-soluble-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-type-1-and-placental-growth-factor-for-short-term-prediction-and-diagnosis-of-preeclampsia
#1
Š Bubeníková, A Cíchová, L Roubalová, V Durdová, R Vlk
OBJECTIVE: Bring a comprehensive overview of the available information about applications of the concetration ratio of soluble receptor tyrosine kinase type 1 (sFlt-1), and placental growth factor for short-term prediction and diagnosis of preeclampsia. DESIGN: Overview study. SETTINGS: Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Olomouc; Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University Hospital Olomouc; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Olomouc; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and Motol University Hospital...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882745/-comparison-of-perinatal-mortality-in-slovak-republic-in-the-years-2007-2009-and-in-the-years-2010-2012
#2
M Korbeľ, A Krištúfková, M Borovský, J Danko, Z Nižňanská, P Kaščák, J Daniš
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of perinatal mortality in Slovak Republic in the years 2007-2009 and in the years 2010-2012. DESIGN: Epidemiological perinatal nation-wide. SETTING: 1st Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics School of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital, Bratislava, Slovak Republic. METHODS: The analysis of selected perinatal data prospectively collected in the years 2007-2009 and in the years 2010-2012...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855463/association-of-maternal-obesity-with-child-cerebral-palsy-or-death
#3
Jessica A McPherson, Marcela C Smid, Sarah Smiley, David M Stamilio
Objective The primary aim of this study was to determine if there is an association between maternal obesity and cerebral palsy or death in children. Study Design This is a retrospective cohort analysis of a randomized controlled clinical trial previously performed by the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network. Women in the original trial were included if at high risk for preterm delivery. The present study included singletons enrolled in the original study with complete data. Obese and nonobese women were compared...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854133/focusing-on-developmental-origins-and-disease-inception-for-the-prevention-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#4
Bradley A Maron, Steven H Abman
Despite the growing armamentarium of therapies, pulmonary vascular disease continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality in neonates, children and adults in diverse clinical settings. To address this challenge, a strategic shift is underway that emphasizes disease recognition prior to the onset of clinical signs and symptoms when substantial pulmonary vascular remodeling is already present. Specifically, there is growing interest regarding the i) molecular events that define pulmonary vascular disease inception, ii) range of early cardiopulmonary hemodynamic measures that are associated with adverse outcome, and iii) widening utility of exercise for risk-stratification...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854131/perspectives-from-patients-and-healthcare-providers-on-the-practice-of-maternal-placentophagy
#5
Stephanie A Schuette, Kara M Brown, Danielle A Cuthbert, Cynthia W Coyle, Katherine L Wisner, M Camille Hoffman, Amy Yang, Jody D Ciolino, Rebecca L Newmark, Crystal T Clark
PURPOSE: Placentophagy (maternal consumption of the placenta) has become increasingly prevalent in the past decade among women seeking to promote health and healing during the postpartum period. The purpose of this study was to assess patient and provider familiarity with and attitudes toward placentophagy, as well as patients' willingness to try placentophagy. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys with questions regarding placentophagy practice were distributed to healthcare providers and patients...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849163/fifteen-minute-consultation-perinatal-palliative-care
#6
Peter Sidgwick, Emily Harrop, Brenda Kelly, Ana Todorovic, Dominic Wilkinson
Perinatal palliative medicine is an emerging subspecialty within paediatric palliative medicine, neonatal medicine, fetal medicine and obstetrics. It comprises patient-focused, non-judgemental shared decision making and aims to provide holistic multidisciplinary support for families. In this paper we define and describe one model for providing perinatal palliative care, drawing on the personal and professional experience of the authors.
November 14, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845175/the-role-of-gentle-touch-in-perinatal-osteopathic-manual-therapy
#7
REVIEW
Francis McGlone, Francesco Cerritelli, Susannah Walker, Jorgee Esteves
Osteopathic medicine is a system of manual diagnosis and treatment. While there is growing evidence that osteopathy is effective in a range of clinical conditions, the underlying biological basis of its therapeutic effects remain largely unknown. Given that the sense of touch plays a critical role in osteopathy, in this perspective article, with a particular focus on perinatal care, we explore the potential mechanisms by which stimulation of the skin senses can exert beneficial physiological and psychological effects, aiding growth and development...
November 11, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814762/risk-of-adverse-pregnancy-and-perinatal-outcomes-after-high-technology-infertility-treatment-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Stefano Palomba, Roy Homburg, Susanna Santagni, Giovanni Battista La Sala, Raoul Orvieto
In the literature, there is growing evidence that subfertile patients who conceived after infertility treatments have an increased risk of pregnancy and perinatal complications and this is particularly true for patients who conceived through use of high technology infertility treatments. Moreover, high technology infertility treatments include many concomitant clinical and biological risk factors. This review aims to summarize in a systematic fashion the current evidence regarding the relative effect of the different procedures for high technology infertility treatments on the risk of adverse pregnancy and perinatal outcome...
November 4, 2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773712/perinatal-regionalization-a-geospatial-view-of-perinatal-critical-care-united-states-2010-2013
#9
Mary D Brantley, Nicole L Davis, David A Goodman, William M Callaghan, Wanda D Barfield
BACKGROUND: Perinatal services exist today as a dyad of maternal and neonatal care. When perinatal care is fragmented or unavailable, excess morbidity and mortality may occur in pregnant women and newborns. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe spatial relationships between women of reproductive age, individual perinatal subspecialists (maternal-fetal medicine and neonatology), and obstetric and neonatal critical care facilities in the United States to identify gaps in health care access...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771649/efficacy-of-a-mobile-based-application-on-quality-of-care-and-perinatal-mortality-evidence-based-medicine-viewpoint
#10
Joseph L Mathew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743029/calculation-of-optimal-gestation-weight-gain-in-pre-pregnancy-underweight-women-due-to-body-mass-index-change-in-relation-to-mother-s-height
#11
Zoran Meštrović, Damir Roje, Marko Vulić, Mirela Zec
BACKGROUND: Optimal gestational weight gain has not yet been clearly defined and remains one of the most controversial issues in modern perinatology. The role of optimal weight gain during pregnancy is critical, as it has a strong effect on perinatal outcomes. PURPOSE: In this study, gestational body mass index (BMI) change, accounting for maternal height, was investigated as a new criterion for gestational weight gain determination, in the context of fetal growth assessment...
October 14, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741203/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-with-early-compared-with-delayed-pushing-among-nulliparous-women
#12
Lynn M Yee, Grecio Sandoval, Jennifer Bailit, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
OBJECTIVE: To describe factors associated with delayed pushing and evaluate the relationship between delayed pushing and perinatal outcomes in nulliparous women with singleton term gestations. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Assessment of Perinatal Excellence cohort of 115,502 women and their neonates born in 25 U.S. hospitals from 2008 to 2011. Nulliparous women with singleton, cephalic, nonanomalous term births who achieved 10-cm cervical dilation were included...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738479/optimal-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-in-japanese-women
#13
Shunji Suzuki
BACKGROUND: In order to examine the optimal weight gain during pregnancy in Japanese women, we analyzed the perinatal outcomes in Japanese women with the optimal range of weight gain during pregnancy according to the Japanese (the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare: JMHLW and the Japan Society for the Study of Obesity: JASSO) guidelines compared with those according to the USA (the Institute of Medicine: IOM) guideline. METHODS: We compared the obstetric outcomes in two groups of gestational weight gain within the optimal range based on the IOM and Japanese guidelines in women of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) categories of underweight, normal, overweight and obese...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727472/while-respecting-autonomy-don-t-throw-out-the-baby-with-the-antenatal-consultation
#14
Michael van Manen
Antenatal consultation is recognized as a core activity of specialists in neonatal-perinatal medicine. Fundamentally, the intent is for practitioner and parent to meet prior to the birth of a child to contribute to the care of the mother and also the newborn. Antenatal consults may therefore serve a multitude of purposes such as obtaining informed consent, relieving parental anxiety, elaborating medical treatment plans, and supporting parenting practices depending on the various situational and contextual factors underlying the consult...
October 11, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723726/renal-injury-in-neonates-use-of-omics-for-developing-precision-medicine-in-neonatology
#15
REVIEW
Mandar S Joshi, Kelsey A Montgomery, Peter J Giannone, John A Bauer, Mina H Hanna
Preterm birth is associated with increased risks of morbidity and mortality along with increased healthcare costs. Advances in medicine have enhanced survival for preterm infants but the overall incidence of major morbidities has changed very little. Abnormal renal development is an important consequence of premature birth. Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the neonatal period is multifactorial and may increase lifetime risk of chronic kidney disease.Traditional biomarkers in newborns suffer from considerable confounders, limiting their use for early identification of AKI...
November 9, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684422/preparedness-of-pediatric-residents-for-fellowship-a-survey-of-us-neonatal-perinatal-fellowship-program-directors
#16
C H Backes, E M Bonachea, B K Rivera, M M Reynolds, C E Kovalchin, K M Reber, M K Ball, R Sutsko, S R Guntupalli, C V Smith, J D Mahan, M M Carbajal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the preparedness of pediatric residents entering accredited neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) fellowships in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: A multi-domain, validated survey was distributed to Program Directors (PDs) of US NPM fellowship programs. The 47-item survey explored 5 domains: professionalism, independent practice, psychomotor ability, clinical evaluation, and academia. A systematic, qualitative analysis on free-text comments was also performed...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638987/joint-sogc-ccmg-opinion-for-reproductive-genetic-carrier-screening-an-update-for-all-canadian-providers-of-maternity-and-reproductive-healthcare-in-the-era-of-direct-to-consumer-testing
#17
R Douglas Wilson, Isabelle De Bie, Christine M Armour, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Nan Okun, Tanya Nelson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Francois Audibert, Jo-Ann Brock, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Isabelle De Bie, Jo-Ann Johnson, Nan Okun, Melanie Pastruck, Karine Vallée-Pouliot, R Douglas Wilson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Christine Armour, David Chitayat, Isabelle De Bie, Sara Fernandez, Raymond Kim, Josee Lavoie, Norma Leonard, Tanya Nelson, Sherry Taylor, Margot Van Allen, Clara Van Karnebeek
OBJECTIVE: This guideline was written to update Canadian maternity care and reproductive healthcare providers on pre- and postconceptional reproductive carrier screening for women or couples who may be at risk of being carriers for autosomal recessive (AR), autosomal dominant (AD), or X-linked (XL) conditions, with risk of transmission to the fetus. Four previous SOGC- Canadian College of Medical Geneticists (CCMG) guidelines are updated and merged into the current document. INTENDED USERS: All maternity care (most responsible health provider [MRHP]) and paediatric providers; maternity nursing; nurse practitioner; provincial maternity care administrator; medical student; and postgraduate resident year 1-7...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638291/the-adaptor-protein-p62-mediates-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-response-to-inflammation-and-facilitates-the-formation-of-prolabor-mediators-in-human-myometrium
#18
Martha Lappas
Preventing spontaneous preterm birth is one of the most important issues facing perinatal medicine today. The pathophysiology of preterm labor, the single biggest cause of preterm birth, is poorly understood. Inflammation, however, plays a significant role in the terminal processes of human labor, which include myometrial contractions. Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) drives the transcription of proinflammatory mediators involved in the terminal effector pathways of human labor and delivery. Recent studies in nongestational tissues have shown that the adaptor protein p62 interacts with NF-κB to induce inflammation...
September 16, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638229/-focus-on-placental-transfusion-for-preterm-neonates-delayed-cord-clamping-and-or-milking
#19
G Sorin, B Tosello
Anemia of prematurity remains a common complication despite recent advances in perinatal and neonatal medicine. The delayed cord clamping (at least 30seconds as recommended) has several benefits: increased hemoglobin and hematocrit levels at birth, improved initial hemodynamic, decreased incidence of transfusions and intraventricular hemorrhages. When the birth transition is difficult, wait 30seconds before clamping can be impossible. So as not to interfere with the neonatal resuscitation, the "milking" has been proposed as an alternative method to the delayed cord clamping...
September 13, 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635099/irrational-use-of-antibiotics-and-the-risk-of-diabetes-in-ghana
#20
Kwesi B Mensah, Charles Ansah
UNLABELLED: Epidemiological studies show clearly that Caesarean birth, perinatal or neonatal irrational antibiotic use is strongly associated with increased risk of obesity and diabetes in later life. Irrational use of antibiotics is a great global public health concern especially in developing economies like Ghana due to poor regulation on medicines. Unfortunately, this concern has been reduced to the fear of development of resistant organisms and the destruction of the world's limited range of antibiotics therapy at the expense of other insidious risks including the development of metabolic and atopic diseases...
June 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
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