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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100072/trial-vocal-fold-injection-predicts-thyroplasty-outcomes-in-nonparalytic-glottic-incompetence
#1
Lukas D Dumberger, Lewis Overton, Robert A Buckmire, Rupali N Shah
OBJECTIVES: Trial vocal fold injection (TVFI) may be used prior to permanent medialization when voice outcome is uncertain. We aimed to determine whether voice outcomes of TVFI are predictive of, or correlate with outcomes after type I Gore-Tex medialization thyroplasty (GMT) in patients with nonparalytic glottic incompetence (GI). METHODS: Thirty-five patients with nonparalytic GI who underwent TVFI followed by GMT were retrospectively reviewed. Change in voice-related quality of life (VRQOL) after TVFI was compared to change in VRQOL 3 to 9 months after GMT...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089425/-a-comparison-of-various-supraglottic-airway-devices-for-fiberoptical-guided-tracheal-intubation
#2
Thomas Metterlein, Anna Dintenfelder, Christoph Plank, Bernhard Graf, Gabriel Roth
BACKGROUND: Fiberoptical assisted intubation via placed supraglottic airway devices has been described as safe and easy procedure to manage difficult airways. However visualization of the glottis aperture is essential for fiberoptical assisted intubation. Various different supraglottic airway devices are commercially available and might offer different conditions for fiberoptical assisted intubation. The aim of this study was to compare the best obtainable view of the glottic aperture using different supraglottic airway devices...
January 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073284/posterior-glottic-insufficiency-in-children
#3
Reema Padia, Marshall E Smith
BACKGROUND: Dysphonia secondary to posterior glottic insufficiency (PGI) can be difficult to identify and correct. Inadequate arytenoid approximation from medial arytenoid erosion results in a breathy, soft voice. The anatomical location of the gap is difficult to correct by vocal fold injection laryngoplasty. This study reviews the presentation, evaluation, and treatment for pediatric patients who were identified with PGI. METHODS: An Institutional Review Board-approved chart review was performed on all patients who were diagnosed with PGI at our institution from 2013 to 2015...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069084/transoral-laser-resection-of-glottic-carcinoma-what-is-the-significance-of-anterior-commissure-involvement
#4
K A Stephenson, J J Fagan
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of glottic carcinoma involving the anterior commissure is controversial. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 76 patients with glottic squamous cell carcinoma treated by transoral carbon dioxide laser resection by a single surgeon. RESULTS: Sixty-three patients (with tumour stage Tis-T3) were eligible for inclusion. Thirty patients had involvement of the anterior commissure; these patients were significantly more likely to have either uncertain or positive margins (63...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028675/glottic-impersonation
#5
George Kovacs, Laura V Duggan, Peter G Brindley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028607/transoral-laser-microsurgery-for-t1b-glottic-cancer-review-of-51-cases
#6
Bernhard G Weiss, Friedrich Ihler, Yiannis Pilavakis, Hendrik A Wolff, Martin Canis, Christian Welz, Wolfgang Steiner
For the treatment of T1b glottic carcinoma, different treatment options, such as transoral laser microsurgery, open surgical techniques, and primary radiotherapy, are under discussion. In this context, the aim of the present study was to describe oncologic results and complication rates of transoral laser microsurgery in treatment of T1b glottic carcinoma. This is a retrospective unicenter chart review of patients treated at an academic tertiary referral center between 1986 and 2006. Fifty-one previously untreated T1b cases were exclusively treated by transoral laser microsurgery and included into this study, 47 were male, and 4 were female...
December 27, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009032/a-clinic-epidemiological-study-of-head-and-neck-tuberculosis-a-single-center-experience
#7
Anna Maria Pajor, Magdalena Józefowicz-Korczyńska, Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła, Sylwia Kwiatkowska
INTRODUCTION: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) accounts for less than 6% of all tuberculosis (TB) cases in Poland, although in other countries (European in particular) this proportion is much higher. The study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological differences in patients hospitalized in one of Otolaryngology Departments in Poland during 36 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, 71 patients were identified and divided into three groups according to the study period: I - 1978-1989 (30 patients, 42%), II - 1990-2001 (19 patients, 27%) and III - 2002-2013 (22 patients, 31% of all cases)...
2016: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008195/a-multicenter-survey-of-stage-t1-glottic-cancer-treated-with-radiotherapy-delivered-in-2-25-gy-fractions-in-clinical-practice-an-initial-5-year-analysis
#8
Yoshiyuki Itoh, Seiji Kubota, Mariko Kawamura, Yoshihito Nomoto, Takayuki Murao, Kouji Yamakawa, Shunichi Ishihara, Naoki Hirasawa, Akiko Asano, Shigeo Yanagawa, Shinji Naganawa
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute and late toxicity as well as local control (LC) in T1 glottic cancer (GC) patients treated with hypofractionated radiotherapy (RT) in clinical practice. The Tokai Study Group for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology started RT treatment with a dose of 2.25 Gy for T1 GC in 2011. Ten institutions combined data from 104 patients with T1 squamous cell carcinoma between 2011 and 2015. In total, 104 patients with T1 GC were irradiated with a standard radiation dose of 63 Gy in 28 fractions...
December 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007521/children-with-challenging-airways-what-about-glidescope-%C3%A2-video-laryngoscopy
#9
Chrystelle Sola, Anne-Charlotte Saour, Christine Macq, Sophie Bringuier, Olivier Raux, Christophe Dadure
BACKGROUND: GlideScope® video-laryngoscopy is becoming increasingly used, including in paediatrics. However, to date, very few data are available on efficiency during situations involving difficult intubation. Our objective was to describe the usefulness of the GlideScope® in children with presumed challenging airway criteria. METHODS: In this observational study, all children with predicted criteria of potential difficult intubation and requiring general anaesthesia with tracheal intubation were prospectively enrolled over a 12-month period...
December 19, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004263/transoral-robotic-surgery-for-the-pediatric-head-and-neck-surgeries
#10
Evren Erkul, Umamaheswar Duvvuri, Deepak Mehta, Utku Aydil
Pediatric robotic surgery is a relatively new technology that has been shown to be safe and feasible for a number of pediatric procedures. Our literature analysis was performed using Pubmed database between January 2005 and December 2015, using key words: "robotic," "robotic surgery," "TORS," "pediatric," "children," "head and neck," and "da Vinci". We selected only publications in English. Eight published reports met the selection criteria. We totally found 41 patients, and the age range was between 2 months and 19 years...
December 21, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003696/comparative-randomised-study-of-glidescope-%C3%A2-video-laryngoscope-versus-flexible-fibre-optic-bronchoscope-for-awake-nasal-intubation-of-oropharyngeal-cancer-patients-with-anticipated-difficult-intubation
#11
Essam Abd El-Halim Mahran, Mohamed Elsayed Hassan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Awake flexible fibre-optic bronchoscope (FFS) is the standard method of intubation in difficult airway in oral cancer patients. We decided to evaluate GlideScope(®) video laryngoscope (GL) for intubation as compared to the standard FFS for nasal intubation in such patients. METHODS: After the ethical committee approval, we included 54 oropharyngeal cancer patients divided randomly into two equal groups: Group G and Group F. After pre-medication and pre-oxygenation, awake nasal intubation was performed using GL in Group G and FFS in Group F...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003099/long-term-results-of-18-fat-injections-in-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#12
R Pagano, D Morsomme, S Camby, L Lejeune, C Finck
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess the long-term efficacy of medialization laryngoplasty via injection of autologous fat in patients with unilateral laryngeal paralysis, and to discuss the results based on the volume of fat injected and the size of the initial glottic gap. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study with clinical reevaluation of 18 patients treated for unilateral laryngeal paralysis at Liège University Hospital between April 1, 2011, and December 1, 2014...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002347/mcgrath-series-5-videolaryngoscope-vs-airtraq-dl-videolaryngoscope-for-double-lumen-tube-intubation-a-randomized-trial
#13
Li Wan, Mingfeng Liao, Li Li, Wei Qian, Rong Hu, Kun Chen, Chuanhan Zhang, Wenlong Yao
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown Airtraq videolaryngoscope provided faster tracheal intubation and a higher success rate than other videolaryngoscopes. Recently, different types of videolaryngoscopes have been reported for use in double-lumen tube (DLT) intubation. However, the advantages and disadvantages between them remain undetermined for DLT intubation. In this study, we compared the Airtraq DL videolaryngoscope with the McGrath Series 5 videolaryngoscope for DLT intubation by experienced anesthesiologists...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983871/difficult-airway-characteristics-associated-with-first-attempt-failure-at-intubation-using-video-laryngoscopy-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#14
Raj Joshi, Cameron D Hypes, Jeremy Greenberg, Linda Snyder, Josh Malo, John W Bloom, Harsharon Chopra, John C Sakles, Jarrod M Mosier
RATIONALE: Video laryngoscopy has overcome the need to align the anatomic axes to obtain a view of the glottic opening in order to place a tracheal tube. However, despite this advantage, a large number of attempts are unsuccessful. There are no existing data on anatomic characteristics in critically ill patients associated with a failed first attempt at laryngoscopy when using video laryngoscopy. OBJECTIVES: To identify characteristics associated with first attempt failure at intubation when using video laryngoscopy in the intensive care unit...
December 16, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966287/transoral-laser-microsurgery-versus-radiation-therapy-in-the-management-of-t1-and-t2-laryngeal-glottic-carcinoma-which-modality-is-cost-effective-within-the-uk
#15
Matthew Prettyjohns, Stuart Winter, Cyrus Kerawala, Vinidh Paleri
OBJECTIVES: To identify the most cost effective treatment strategy in patients with early stage (T1and T2) cancers of the laryngeal glottis. DESIGN: A Markov decision model populated using data from updated systematic reviews and meta analyses, with attributable costs from NHS sources. Data on local control and mortality was obtained from updates of existing systematic reviews conducted for the NICE guideline on cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract. Procedure costs were sourced from NHS reference costs 2013/14 by applying tariffs associated with the appropriate health resource group code...
December 14, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966051/transoral-laser-microsurgery-versus-radiotherapy-for-t1-glottic-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Hai-Lan Mo, Jie Li, Xiang Yang, Feng Zhang, Jun-Wei Xiong, Zhi-Ling Yang, Jian Tan, Bing Li
Transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) and radiotherapy (RT) are both accepted treatment modalities for glottic cancer. The objective of the study was to assess the oncologic outcomes and life quality of TLM in comparison with RT for T1 glottic carcinoma. We searched Medline/PubMed, Web of knowledge, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, the Wiley online library, Springer, Google, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), etc. We screened the literature, assessed the quality of the studies, and extracted the relevant data through the establishment of inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 13, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956835/comparison-of-the-glottic-view-during-video-intubation-in-super-obese-patients-a-series-of-cases
#17
Tomasz Gaszyński
Videolaryngoscopes improve the view of the entry to the larynx in morbidly obese patients. Super obesity is one of the risk factors for difficult mask ventilation as well as difficult intubation. Super obese patients should be intubated awake either with a fiber-optic scope or with a videolaryngoscope. The glottic view during video-intubation in super obese patients using different devices was compared. The McGrath MAC (MGM) was used in all patients and then compared to the King Vision (KV) in three patients, the APA videolaryngoscope in two patients and the Airtraq Avant with a video camera in four patients...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942071/successful-airtraq-%C3%A2-use-for-emergency-off-centre-glottic-intubation-in-a-patient-with-post-dialysis-neck-haematoma
#18
Anjana S Wajekar, Nirav Kotak, Rajendra Patel, Rohit Moharir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936279/the-relationship-between-relative-fundamental-frequency-and-a-kinematic-estimate-of-laryngeal-stiffness-in-healthy-adults
#19
Victoria S McKenna, Elizabeth S Heller Murray, Yu-An S Lien, Cara E Stepp
Purpose: This study examined the relationship between the acoustic measure relative fundamental frequency (RFF) and a kinematic estimate of laryngeal stiffness. Method: Twelve healthy adults (mean age = 22.7 years, SD = 4.4; 10 women, 2 men) produced repetitions of /ifi/ while varying their vocal effort during simultaneous acoustic and video nasendoscopic recordings. RFF was determined from the last 10 voicing cycles before the voiceless obstruent (RFF offset) and the first 10 cycles of revoicing (RFF onset)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928826/a-feasibility-study-of-awake-videolaryngoscope-assisted-intubation-in-patients-with-periglottic-tumour-using-the-channelled-king-vision-%C3%A2-videolaryngoscope
#20
L Markova, T Stopar-Pintaric, T Luzar, J Benedik, I Hodzovic
Airway management in patients with periglottic tumour is a high-risk procedure with potentially serious consequences. There is no consensus on how best to secure the airway in this group of patients. We conducted a feasibility study of awake tracheal intubation using a King Vision(®) videolaryngoscope with a channelled blade in a cohort of 25 patients, with a periglottic tumour requiring diagnostic or radical surgery. We used 10% and 4% lidocaine to topicalise the airway and midazolam and remifentanil for sedation...
December 7, 2016: Anaesthesia
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