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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325676/sedation-and-subglottic-stenosis-in-critically-ill-children
#1
Steven L Shein, Alexandre T Rotta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318970/transcricothyroid-endoscopic-subglottic-surgery-for-posterior-glottic-stenosis-a-case-report
#2
Koji Matsushima, Kentaro Matsuura, Teppei Takeda, Yuko Sasaki, Akira Fukuo, Kota Wada, Yusuke Watanabe
Posterior glottic stenosis (PGS) is a rare but life-threatening condition mostly caused by damage to the interarytenoid mucosa by an endotracheal tube. In surgical treatment of PGS, airway patency is prioritized, and the laryngeal functions involved in swallowing and phonation are considerably sacrificed. In the majority of cases, lateralization of a vocal fold or partial excision of a vocal fold and arytenoid cartilage results in glottal closure insufficiency and deterioration of phonatory function. We present the first report of transcricothyroid endoscopic subglottic surgery to treat a 46-year-old man with PGS who was intubated for 10 days...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318198/-subglottic-stenosis-as-the-initial-manifestation-of-wegener-s-granulomatosis-in-a-teenager-case-report
#3
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Alejandra Pringe, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón, Carlos Ortega, Rubén Álvarez
Wegener's granulomatosis is a necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis of autoimmune origin that primarily affects the upper and lower airways and kidneys. It is very rare in children and adolescents. When started at a young age it is often associated with subglottic stenosis. Subglottic stenosis is a potentially fatal manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis. Its diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion since it might develop in the absence of other signs of activity. Occasionally, subglottic stenosis may present as the initial manifestation of the disease...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306197/pediatric-upper-airway-dimensions-using-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-imaging
#4
Tariq M Wani, Mahmood Rafiq, Salman Talpur, Lahbib Soualmi, Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: Computed tomography- (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based measurements have recently suggested that the narrowest dimension of the pediatric airway is the subglottic region. These data are contrary to the previously held tenets of a funnel- or conical-shaped airway. The current study evaluates airway volumes and shapes using three-dimensional CT images of the air way column in spontaneously breathing children. METHODS: The study included CT-based radiological images of the neck in children who required imaging unrelated to airway symptomatology...
March 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295337/use-of-a-urology-stone-basket-for-removal-of-subglottic-foreign-bodies
#5
Lindsay Sobin, David Roberson, Karen Watters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277485/flexible-co2-laser-treatment-for-subglottic-stenosis
#6
Rasit Cevizci, Alper Dilci, Ilknur Haberal Can, Burak Kersin, Yildirim Bayazit
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of flexible fiber CO2 laser surgery for subglottic stenosis and to present retrospective experience of 14 patients treated with flexible fiber CO2 laser system. To determine the characteristics, management protocols, prognostic factors, and postoperative outcomes of the sample. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with subglottic stenosis undergoing flexible fiber CO2 laser surgery at the tertiary medical center...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277376/subglottic-stenosis-following-cardiac-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-infants-and-children
#7
Katherine E Kruse, Prashant J Purohit, C Ross Cadman, Felice Su, Nima Aghaeepour, Gregory B Hammer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the 1) incidence of subglottic stenosis in infants and children following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and 2) risk factors associated with its development. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary children's hospital in California. PATIENTS: Infants and children who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. INTERVENTIONS: Diagnosis of subglottic stenosis by tracheoscopy...
March 8, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275495/resection-of-pulmonary-nodule-in-a-patient-with-subglottic-stenosis-under-modified-spontaneous-ventilation-anesthesia
#8
Jianfei Shen, Xuewei Chen, Lixia Liang, Kevin Phan, Jin-Shing Chen, Calvin S H Ng, Rene Horsleben Petersen, Diego González-Rivas, Jianxing He
Subglottic stenosis is an uncommon structural abnormality that can pose as a difficulty for patients undergoing surgery, and treatment is complex due to the special anatomical location. Pulmonary nodule resection in patients with subglottic stenosis is challenging and has not yet been reported. Here we present a case of pulmonary nodule resection in a patient with subglottic stenosis using uniportal thoracoscopy under spontaneous ventilation anesthesia (SVA). Compared with traditional double lumen endotracheal intubation, we believe this modified technique can significantly reduce airway trauma, and accelerate patient recovery...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257624/endotracheal-tubes-and-fluid-aspiration-an-in-vitro-evaluation-of-new-cuff-technologies
#9
Maryanne Z Mariyaselvam, Lucy L Marsh, Sarah Bamford, Ann Smith, Matt P Wise, David W Williams
BACKGROUND: Aspiration of subglottic secretions past the endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff is a prerequisite for developing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Subglottic secretion drainage (SSD) ETTs reduce aspiration of subglottic secretions and have demonstrated lower VAP rates. We compared the performance of seven SSD ETTs against a non-SSD ETT in preventing aspiration below inflated cuffs. METHODS: ETTs were positioned vertically in 2 cm diameter cylinders. Four ml of a standard microbial suspension was added above inflated cuffs...
March 4, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256046/upper-airway-in-infants-a-computed-tomography-based-analysis
#10
Tariq M Wani, Mahmood Rafiq, Nahida Akhter, Faris Saeed AlGhamdi, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that the pediatric airway is elliptical with the subglottis rather than the cricoid as the narrowest part contrary to the old belief of a funnel-shaped airway. The shape of the airway in neonates and infants has not been studied separately. This study seeks to define the shape of the upper airway in neonates and infants, and determine if there are differences in airway shape between infants and older children. METHODS: We studied 40 computed tomographic scans of children from birth to 12 months of age undergoing radiological evaluation unrelated to airway symptomatology...
March 2, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251006/eosinophilic-angiocentric-fibrosis-as-a-stenosing-lesion-in-the-subglottis
#11
Ivan Keogh, Rohana O'Connell, Sean Hynes, John Lang
Subglottic Eosinophilic Angiocentric Fibrosis (EAF) is an extremely rare disease of an elusive aetiology. It is chronically progressive benign condition that causes narrowing of the subglottic region leading to dysphonia and airway compromise. The diagnosis is historical and imaging is nonspecific. We report a case xc of 56-year-old lady referred to our institution with globus sensation, hoarseness, and mild stridor. Incidental subglottic mass was found at time of diagnostic microlaryngoscopy and biopsy confirmed subglottic EAF...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250176/rats-concatenate-22-khz-and-50-khz-calls-into-a-single-utterance
#12
Christine Hernandez, Mark Sabin, Tobias Riede
Traditionally, the ultrasonic vocal repertoire of rats is differentiated into 22 kHz and 50 kHz calls, two categories that contain multiple different call types. Although both categories have different functions, they are sometimes produced in the same behavioral context. Here, we investigated the peripheral mechanisms that generate sequences of calls from both categories. Male rats, either sexually experienced or naïve, were exposed to an estrous female. The majority of sexually naïve male rats produced 22 kHz and 50 kHz calls on their first encounter with a female...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243785/idiopathic-subglottic-stenosis-an-epidemiological-single-center-study
#13
Maria Tyse Aarnæs, Leiv Sandvik, Kjell Brøndbo
A retrospective epidemiological study of patients treated for idiopathic subglottic stenosis (ISS) during 2003-2013 at Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, was undertaken to assess its incidence, management and treatment outcomes. Out of a total of 123 patients with subglottic stenosis (84 female, 39 men), 38 patients were diagnosed with ISS, all of whom were female. Of these, 23 lived in the South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority, representing an incidence of 0.2 per 100,000 (95% CI 0.13-0.3) in this region of 2...
February 27, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241225/laryngeal-aerodynamics-in-healthy-older-adults-and-adults-with-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Deborah Matheron, Elaine T Stathopoulos, Jessica E Huber, Joan E Sussman
Purpose: The present study compared laryngeal aerodynamic function of healthy older adults (HOA) to adults with Parkinson's disease (PD) while speaking at a comfortable and increased vocal intensity. Method: Laryngeal aerodynamic measures (subglottal pressure, peak-to-peak flow, minimum flow, and open quotient [OQ]) were compared between HOAs and individuals with PD who had a diagnosis of hypophonia. Increased vocal intensity was elicited via monaurally presented multitalker background noise...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241174/endoscopic-management-of-subglottic-stenosis
#15
Aaron J Feinstein, Alex Goel, Govind Raghavan, Jennifer Long, Dinesh K Chhetri, Gerald S Berke, Abie H Mendelsohn
Importance: Optimal management of subglottic stenosis has not been established. Endoscopic techniques include balloon dilation, radial incisions with carbon dioxide laser or cold knife, and combinations of techniques. Adjunctive measures include mitomycin application and glucocorticoid injection. Objective: To determine whether surgical technique or adjunctive measures are associated with duration between surgical procedures. Design, Setting, and Participants: Adult patients with subglottic stenosis treated endoscopically between 1995-2015 at a quaternary academic medical center were identified...
February 23, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239579/neck-trauma-ent-prospects
#16
Kavita Sachdeva, Aparaajita Upadhyay
Neck trauma is a very important surgical emergency faced by ENT surgeons in day to day practice. They are potentially life threatening conditions due to the presence of many vital structures in this area. Timely presentation to the referral centre and proper multidisciplinary approach towards management plays a pivotal role in the healing pattern of the wound and prevention of serious complication like shock, sepsis, laryngeal stenosis or fistula formation. A retrospective study was done in ENT Department, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India during the period of 2014-2016...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217065/unsuspected-subglottic-web-in-a-child-managed-for-severe-respiratory-obstruction
#17
Reena, Arun Kumar, Shrawin Kumar Singh, Vineet Agrawal
Subglottic stenosis is a known complication of a traumatic and prolonged intubation. In a child, subglottic area is narrower and more prone to damage by an oversized or overinflated endotracheal tube. The stenosis can present with complaints of change in voice, croup, or respiratory obstruction. Those presenting with respiratory obstruction require immediate diagnosis under direct laryngoscopy and timely corrective intervention under general anesthesia. A 4-year-old child came to the emergency department with severe respiratory obstruction...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208177/feasibility-and-associated-limitations-of-office-based-laryngeal-surgery-using-carbon-dioxide-lasers
#18
Hao-Chun Hu, Shu-Yi Lin, Yi-Ting Hung, Shyue-Yih Chang
Importance: There are few reports evaluating awake, office-based carbon dioxide (CO2) laser surgery for laryngeal lesions. To date, this study was the largest reported case series of office-based laryngeal surgery by fiber delivery CO2 laser. Office-based laryngeal surgical procedures have become increasingly popular. Technical problems and treatment outcomes associated with the use of a CO2 laser for office-based laryngeal surgery have yet to be fully addressed. Objectives: To discuss a single institution's clinical experience with office-based CO2 laser laryngeal surgery and the feasibility and limitations associated with this procedure...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195821/idiopathic-subglottic-stenosis-long-term-outcomes-of-open-surgical-techniques
#19
Deanna C Menapace, Mara C Modest, Dale C Ekbom, Eric J Moore, Eric S Edell, Jan L Kasperbauer
Objectives Idiopathic subglottic stenosis (iSGS) is rare, and its cause remains elusive. Treatment options include empiric medical therapy and endoscopic or open surgery. We present our results for open surgical technique. Study Design Case series with chart review (1978-2015). Setting Tertiary academic center. Subjects/Methods Thirty-three patients (32 female; median age, 51 years) met inclusion criteria and underwent cricotracheal resection with thyrotracheal anastomosis, tracheal resection with primary anastomosis, or laryngotracheoplasty with rib grafting...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193455/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-prevention-bundle-that-contains-endotracheal-tube-with-subglottic-drainage-and-cuff-pressure-monitorization
#20
Ozlem Akdogan, Yasemin Ersoy, Ciğdem Kuzucu, Ender Gedik, Turkan Togal, Funda Yetkin
The effectiveness of prevention bundles on the occurrence and mortality of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) was evaluated in many studies. However, the effectiveness of endotracheal tube with subglottic secretion drainage (ETT-SD) and cuff pressure monitorization in VAP bundles have not been adequately assessed. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of VAP bundle containing ETT-SD and cuff pressure monitorization. This was a prospective, controlled study that was carried out between March 2011 and April 2012 including intubated patients...
February 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
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