Read by QxMD icon Read


Yu Onodera, Ryo Akimoto, Hiroto Suzuki, Masayuki Okada, Masaki Nakane, Kaneyuki Kawamae
BACKGROUND: Although clinical studies of the high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) and its effect on positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) have been done, the washout effect has not been well evaluated. Therefore, we made an experimental respiratory model to evaluate the respiratory physiological effect of HFNC. METHODS: An airway model was made by a 3D printer using the craniocervical 3D-CT data of a healthy 32-year-old male. CO2 was infused into four respiratory lung models (normal-lung, open- and closed-mouth models; restrictive- and obstructive-lung, open-mouth models) to maintain the partial pressure of end-tidal CO2 (PET CO2 ) at 40 mmHg...
March 15, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Kazuchika Suzuki, Hiroaki Sakai, Kenji Takahashi
We herein report anesthetic management during aortic valve replacement for aortic valve regurgitation in a patient with adult mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS type 2) (Hunter syndrome). This disorder is rare and related to the accumulation of a mucopolysaccharide in lysosomes. It affects various organs, including the airways, heart, and central nerves. In children with MPS type 2, the risk of airway obstruction during anesthesia/sedation is high, and the degree of difficulty increases with aging. The patient described herein was a 33-year-old male without mental retardation...
2018: JA Clin Rep
Georgios D Kitsios, Bryan J McVerry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Matthew R Naunheim, Paul M Paddle, Inna Husain, Patcharamanee Wangchalabovorn, David Rosario, Ramon A Franco
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic subglottic stenosis (ISGS) can have significant impacts on quality of life (QOL), but it remains unclear how patients' subjective responses correlate with objective measurement of disease severity. Peak expiratory flow percentage (PEF%) has been shown to be an effective measure of disease severity in subglottic stenosis. This study aims to identify the key QOL questions correlated with PEF% and proposes a statistical model for prediction of disease severity. METHODS: Patients with ISGS presenting to an academic laryngologist were included retrospectively from 2012 to 2016...
March 7, 2018: Laryngoscope
Amy L Dimachkieh, Allison Dobbie, Damon R Olson, Mark A Lovell, Jeremy D Prager
OBJECTIVE: To review tracheal paragangliomas and describe the clinical presentation, radiologic findings, operative management, and histologic findings of a pediatric patient who presented with stridor refractory to traditional asthma therapy. METHODS: Chart review of an 8-year-old male who presented to a tertiary care pediatric hospital and literature review of tracheal paragangliomas. RESULTS: We present the case of an 8-year-old male who presented with new-onset of wheezing and dyspnea on exertion...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Dhanveer J Shetty, M N Chidananda Swamy, Shantanu Tandon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
A I Krukov, E A Kirasirova, O K Piminidi, R A Rezakov, N V Lafutkina, R F Mamedov
The objective of the present study was to optimize the treatment of patients with subglottic laryngeal stenosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have examined a total of 14 patients presenting with subglottic laryngeal stenosis. The etiological factors and underlying conditions of laryngeal stenosis were the prolonged intubation in 4 patients, Wegener granulomatosis in 6 patients, and idiopathic stenosis of the larynx in 4 patients. All the patients underwent balloon dilatation with the application of the video endoscopic technique...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Yuttiwat Vorakunthada, Weerapong Lilitwat
Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is characterized by weakness of cartilaginous supporting structures of tracheal and bronchial walls, resulting in central airway obstruction. It is a rare condition that can occur after prolonged intubation. Here, we report a 26-year-old, alcoholic male who had TBM, mild subglottic, and severe tracheal stenosis following 2 weeks of intubation. Subglottic and tracheal stenosis can occur after extubation but TBM is uncommon. The exact mechanism is still unknown but post-intubation TBM is a life-threatening condition with high morbidity and mortality if left untreated...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Daniel J Croake, Richard D Andreatta, Joseph C Stemple
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to quantify the interactions of the 3 vocalization subsystems of respiration, phonation, and resonance before, during, and after a perturbation to the larynx (temporarily induced unilateral vocal fold paralysis) in 10 vocally healthy participants. Using dynamic systems theory as a guide, we hypothesized that data groupings would emerge revealing context-dependent patterns in the relationships of variables representing the 3 vocalization subsystems...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Paul R Wistermayer, Wesley R McIlwain, Nicholas Ieronimakis, Derek J Rogers
OBJECTIVE: Validate an accurate and reproducible method of measuring the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the upper airway. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective animal study done at a tertiary care medical treatment facility. Control images were obtained using endotracheal tubes of varying sizes. In vivo images were obtained from various timepoints of a concurrent study on subglottic stenosis. Using a 0° rod telescope, an instrument was placed at the level of interest, and a photo was obtained...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Kerstin Johansson, Åke Seiger, Malin Forsén, Jeanette Holmgren Nilsson, Lena Hartelius, Ellika Schalling
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle impairment following cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) may lead to reduced voice function, although the individual variation is large. Voice problems in this population may not always receive attention since individuals with CSCI face other, more acute and life-threatening issues that need/receive attention. Currently there is no consensus on the tasks suitable to identify the specific voice impairments and functional voice changes experienced by individuals with CSCI...
February 24, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Guillermo Foncerrada, Derek M Culnan, Karel D Capek, Sagrario González-Trejo, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Lee C Woodson, David N Herndon, Celeste C Finnerty, Jong O Lee
Inhalation injury causes a heterogeneous cascade of insults that increase morbidity and mortality among the burn population. Despite major advancements in burn care for the past several decades, there remains a significant burden of disease attributable to inhalation injury. For this reason, effort has been devoted to finding new therapeutic approaches to improve outcomes for patients who sustain inhalation injuries.The three major injury classes are the following: supraglottic, subglottic, and systemic. Treatment options for these three subtypes differ based on the pathophysiologic changes that each one elicits...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Qiong Zhang, Ying Xiong, Ling Lin, Kun Yuan
This study investigated the factors affecting the surgical treatment effect on patients with laryngeal cancer. The clinical data (including the sex, age, smoking index, drinking, primary tumor site, tumor (T) stage, lymph nodes (N) stage, tumor differentiation degree, tumor diameter, surgical method, lymph node metastasis and cervical lymph node dissection) of 215 patients with laryngeal cancer in The Central Hospital of Wuhan were analyzed retrospectively; the survival rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method; log-rank test was used for single-factor analysis, while Cox proportional hazard regression model was used for multiple-factor analysis...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jason Powell, James Garnett, Michael W Mather, Faye A H Cooles, Andrew Nelson, Bernard Verdon, Jon Scott, Kasim Jiwa, Marie-Hélène Ruchaud-Sparagano, Stephen P Cummings, John D Perry, Stephen E Wright, Janet A Wilson, Jeffrey Pearson, Chris Ward, A John Simpson
RATIONALE: Aspiration of infective subglottic secretions causes ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in mechanically ventilated patients. Mechanisms underlying subglottic colonization in critical illness have not been defined, limiting strategies for targeted prevention of VAP. OBJECTIVES: To characterize subglottic host defense dysfunction in mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). To determine whether subglottic mucin contributes to neutrophil phagocytic impairment and bacterial growth...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Philippe Seguin, Harmonie Perrichet, Estelle Le Pabic, Yoann Launey, Marie Tiercin, Romain Corre, Graziella Brinchault, Bruno Laviolle
Background and Aims: A risk of tracheal mucosa injury induced by subglottic suctioning has been raised. Therefore, this prospective randomized study aims to compare the effect of continuous suctioning of subglottic secretions versus intermittent suctioning of subglottic secretions (CSSS vs. ISSS) secretions on tracheal mucosa in front of the suctioning port of the endotracheal tube. Patients and Methods: Patients requiring intubation or reintubation in Intensive Care Unit with an expected ventilation duration > 24 h were eligible...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
A Vilanova, C A De la Torre, A Sánchez-Galán, F Hernández Oliveros, J L Encinas, R Ortiz, V Núñez Cerezo, O De la Serna, M I Barrio, L Castro, L Builes, C Verdú, M López Santamaría
INTRODUCTION: Acquired stenosis of the airway is a common complication after endotracheal intubation. Endoscopic dilation has been accepted as the treatment of choice in cases detected precociously. Our goal is to know the current status of the patients treated in our hospital with endoscopic dilation in the last 10 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with subglottic and tracheal acquired stenosis (STAS) early treated endoscopically with balloon dilation at our center in the last 10 years...
February 1, 2018: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Shawn T Joseph, Jose Tharayil, Mohan T Mihir, B S Naveen
BACKGROUND: Very few cases of conservative laryngectomy in recurrent carcinoma of subglottis postradiotherapy have been reported. Technical aspects of conservative resection and reconstruction in subglottic carcinoma have not been well described. METHODS: Herein, we present a case of recurrent carcinoma of subglottis for which conservative resection with adequate margins was done with endoscope assistance and defect reconstructed by buccal mucosa, conchal cartilage, and temporoparietal free flap...
February 5, 2018: Head & Neck
Thomas Schweiger, Konrad Hoetzenecker, Imme Roesner, Berit Schneider-Stickler, Doris-Maria Denk-Linnert, Walter Klepetko
OBJECTIVES: Bilateral vocal fold paralysis (VFP) is a severe complication after laryngotracheal (LT) surgery. The reduced glottic opening leads to significant respiratory distress immediately after the operation and requires the placement of a tracheostomy in most cases. Patients with a pre-existing unilateral VFP or expected recurrent nerve resection are at the highest risk for glottic failure. These patients might benefit from a pre-emptive glottic enlargement before LT surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who received a pre-emptive glottis enlargement before LT surgery at the Medical University of Vienna from October 2011 to December 2016...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Biswanath Behera, Munisamy Malathi, Devinder-Mohan Thappa, Hemanth Vamanshankar, Pradipta-Kumar Parida, Debasis Gochhait
Introduction: Xanthoma disseminatum (XD) is a rare, benign, non-Langerhans cell histiocytic disorder with unknown etio-pathology. It manifests with multiple, grouped, red-brown to yellow papules and nodules involving the skin, mucous membranes, and internal organs with a predilection for flexures and the face. Case Report: We report a patient who presented with disseminated xanthomatous papules and nodules involving the face, neck, trunk, axilla, groin, and oral cavity, along with hoarseness of voice...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Julio César Gómez-Tamayo, Jorge Iván Puerta-Guarín, Claudia Marcela Rojas-Camejo, Juan Pablo Caicedo, José Andrés Calvache
INTRODUCTION: Sonography has gained a broad field of applications in current anesthetic practice. During airway management, it could have an important role, because it allows real-time measurement of anatomical aspects and a functional evaluation with high safety profile. However, assessment of the reliability and precision of these measurements is critical if sonography is used as a clinical diagnostic tool. The aim of the study was to estimate inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the airway diameter measured by sonography in heathy volunteers...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"